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Characteristics Of Salmonella Recovered From Stools Of Children Enrolled In The Global Enteric Multicenter Study, Irene N. Kasumba, Caisey V. Pulford, Blanca M. Perez-Sepulveda, Sunil Sen, Nurulla Sayed, Jasnehta Permala-Booth, Sofie Livio Sofie Livio, Darren Heavens Darren Heavens, Ross Low Ross Low, Shahida Qureshi, Anita K. M. Zaidi 2021 University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, USA.

Characteristics Of Salmonella Recovered From Stools Of Children Enrolled In The Global Enteric Multicenter Study, Irene N. Kasumba, Caisey V. Pulford, Blanca M. Perez-Sepulveda, Sunil Sen, Nurulla Sayed, Jasnehta Permala-Booth, Sofie Livio Sofie Livio, Darren Heavens Darren Heavens, Ross Low Ross Low, Shahida Qureshi, Anita K. M. Zaidi

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

Background: The Global Enteric Multicenter Study (GEMS) determined the etiologic agents of moderate-to-severe diarrhea (MSD) in children under 5 years old in Africa and Asia. Here, we describe the prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility of non-typhoidal Salmonella (NTS) serovars in GEMS and examine the phylogenetics of Salmonella Typhimurium ST313 isolates.
Methods: Salmonella isolated from children with MSD or diarrhea-free controls were identified by classical clinical microbiology and serotyped using antisera and/or whole genome sequence data. We evaluated antimicrobial susceptibility using the Kirby-Bauer disk diffusion method. Salmonella Typhimurium sequence types were determined using multi-locus sequence typing and whole genome sequencing was ...


Behavioral Health Considerations In Prenatal And Postpartum Care, Elizabeth C. Dykhouse 2021 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Behavioral Health Considerations In Prenatal And Postpartum Care, Elizabeth C. Dykhouse

PEER Liberia Project

This presentation is a part of the PEER Liberia Behavioral Health Lecture Series. It provides an overview of behavioral health considerations in prenatal and postpartum care, and how pregnancy and birth can be impacted by stress, grief, chronic disease, behavior change, and trauma.


A Pathogenic Ufsp2 Variant In An Autosomal Recessive Form Of Pediatric Neurodevelopmental Anomalies And Epilepsy, Min Ni, Bushra Afroze, Chao Xing, Chunxiao Pan, Yanqiu Shao, Ling Cai, Brandi L. Cantarel, Jimin Pei, Nick V. Grishin, Stacy Hewson 2021 UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, USA.

A Pathogenic Ufsp2 Variant In An Autosomal Recessive Form Of Pediatric Neurodevelopmental Anomalies And Epilepsy, Min Ni, Bushra Afroze, Chao Xing, Chunxiao Pan, Yanqiu Shao, Ling Cai, Brandi L. Cantarel, Jimin Pei, Nick V. Grishin, Stacy Hewson

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

Purpose: Neurodevelopmental disabilities are common and genetically heterogeneous. We identified a homozygous variant in the gene encoding UFM1-specific peptidase 2 (UFSP2), which participates in the UFMylation pathway of protein modification. UFSP2 variants are implicated in autosomal dominant skeletal dysplasias, but not neurodevelopmental disorders. Homozygosity for the variant occurred in eight children from four South Asian families with neurodevelopmental delay and epilepsy. We describe the clinical consequences of this variant and its effect on UFMylation.
Methods: Exome sequencing was used to detect potentially pathogenic variants and identify shared regions of homozygosity. Immunoblotting assessed protein expression and post-translational modifications in patient-derived fibroblasts ...


Using Health Information Technology To Engage African American Women On Nutrition And Supplement Use During The Preconception Period, Paula Gardiner, Timothy Bickmore, Leanne Yinusa-Nyahkoon, Matthew Reichert, Clevanne Julce, Nireesha Sidduri, Jessica Martin-Howard, Elisabeth Woodhams, Jumana Aryan, Zhe Zhang, Juan Fernandez, Mark Loafman, Jayakanth Srinivasan, Howard Cabral, Brian W. Jack 2021 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Using Health Information Technology To Engage African American Women On Nutrition And Supplement Use During The Preconception Period, Paula Gardiner, Timothy Bickmore, Leanne Yinusa-Nyahkoon, Matthew Reichert, Clevanne Julce, Nireesha Sidduri, Jessica Martin-Howard, Elisabeth Woodhams, Jumana Aryan, Zhe Zhang, Juan Fernandez, Mark Loafman, Jayakanth Srinivasan, Howard Cabral, Brian W. Jack

Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors

Importance: Healthy nutrition and appropriate supplementation during preconception have important implications for the health of the mother and newborn. The best way to deliver preconception care to address health risks related to nutrition is unknown.

Methods: We conducted a secondary analysis of data from a randomized controlled trial designed to study the impact of conversational agent technology in 13 domains of preconception care among 528 non-pregnant African American and Black women. This analysis is restricted to those 480 women who reported at least one of the ten risks related to nutrition and dietary supplement use.

Interventions: An online conversational agent ...


Patient Recommendations For Providers To Avoid Stigmatizing Weight In Rural-Based Women With Low Income, Declan Watson, Katherine Hughes, Emma Robinson, Jacqueline Billette, Andrea E. Bombak 2021 University of New Brunswick

Patient Recommendations For Providers To Avoid Stigmatizing Weight In Rural-Based Women With Low Income, Declan Watson, Katherine Hughes, Emma Robinson, Jacqueline Billette, Andrea E. Bombak

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: Weight stigma has become widespread within health care and disproportionately affects women, who are under greater appearance-based scrutiny than men. It is also well established that rural-based individuals with low incomes suffer greater health disparities compared with urban, higher-income counterparts, yet studies examining recommendations for nonstigmatizing health care among higher-weight women from low-income rural settings are lacking. This study examined the experiences and recommendations of higher-weight, low-income, rural women, with the aim of improving health care for similar populations.

Methods: In-depth, semi-structured interviews were conducted in a rural region of the Midwestern United States to explore participants’ recommendations for ...


Risk Factors Of Breast Cancer Among Patients In A Tertiary Care Hospitals In Afghanistan: A Case Control Study, Zekrullah Baset, Jamshid Abdul Ghafar, Yasmin Parpio, Ahmed Maseh Haidary 2021 French Medical Institute for Mothers and Children, Kabul, Afghanistan

Risk Factors Of Breast Cancer Among Patients In A Tertiary Care Hospitals In Afghanistan: A Case Control Study, Zekrullah Baset, Jamshid Abdul Ghafar, Yasmin Parpio, Ahmed Maseh Haidary

School of Nursing & Midwifery

Background: Breast cancer is the second most common causes of women's death, worldwide. Data on risk factors associated with female breast cancer in the Afghan population is very limited. The aim of our study was to identifying risk factor associated with female breast cancer in Afghanistan.
Methods: A retrospective case-control study was conducted with inclusion of 201 cases and 201 controls. Patient information was collected by interviewing the patient through a structured questionnaire. Histopathological information was collected from the hospital integrated laboratory management system. The data was analyzed by using logistic regression with univariate and multivariable analyses to determine ...


Community As Medicine: A Trauma-Informed Yoga Program For Multi-Cultural Female Immigrants Identified In The Primary Care Setting, Katherine Rizzolo, Sean Lena, Maha Jaber, Jessica Schaumburg, Kiana Vakil-Gilani, Nicole Rebusi, Dianna Stade, Adriana Nadeau, Nicoleta Toma, Brian King, Lesley Gordon 2021 Maine Medical Center

Community As Medicine: A Trauma-Informed Yoga Program For Multi-Cultural Female Immigrants Identified In The Primary Care Setting, Katherine Rizzolo, Sean Lena, Maha Jaber, Jessica Schaumburg, Kiana Vakil-Gilani, Nicole Rebusi, Dianna Stade, Adriana Nadeau, Nicoleta Toma, Brian King, Lesley Gordon

Journal of Maine Medical Center

Introduction: The immigrant population in Maine represents a unique group of patients with complicated health care needs due to cultural, linguistic, and systemic barriers. We sought to bridge gaps in health access for immigrant women by expanding and integrating community resources through the development and evaluation of a trauma-informed yoga class.

Methods: A needs assessment via a focus group with immigrant women revealed barriers to care and community health needs. Health partners of the immigrant community were identified via word of mouth and a Google search. Yoga participants were recruited in the primary care clinic and by community outreach. Participants ...


Trends In Diagnoses Of Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome At Newborn Hospitalization In Maine, 2009-2018, Emily C. Bauer MPH, Katherine Ahrens PhD, Jenny L. Carwile MPH, ScD 2021 University of Southern Maine

Trends In Diagnoses Of Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome At Newborn Hospitalization In Maine, 2009-2018, Emily C. Bauer Mph, Katherine Ahrens Phd, Jenny L. Carwile Mph, Scd

Journal of Maine Medical Center

Introduction: Incidence rates of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) have increased in Maine, but whether this increase can be explained by use of different diagnosis codes over time is unknown. Our objective was to estimate trends in diagnoses of NAS at newborn hospitalization in Maine using different NAS case definitions.

Methods: We used International Classification of Diseases (ICD) diagnosis codes to identify newborns diagnosed with NAS in Maine between 2009 and 2018 using state-level hospital discharge data (n = 123 519). First, we considered only ICD-9 and ICD-10 codes used for confirmed NAS. Then we used an expanded ICD-10 NAS case definition ...


Commentary On Burton V. State, Greer Donley 2021 University of Pittsburgh School of Law

Commentary On Burton V. State, Greer Donley

Book Chapters

In March of 2009, Samantha Burton went into labor only 25 weeks into her pregnancy. This is a very serious pregnancy complication that not only risks the pregnant woman’s health, but also greatly reduces her potential child’s chance of survival despite the most aggressive care. Ms. Burton’s doctor prescribed, among other things, inpatient bed rest for the duration of her pregnancy, which would have required her to be separated from her two minor children at home. Ms. Burton found that recommendation unacceptable, and as a competent adult, asked to be discharged or to obtain a second opinion ...


Population Assessment To Determine The Eligibility For Birth Center Care At University Of Kentucky Midwife Clinic, Dolores Polito 2021 University of Kentucky

Population Assessment To Determine The Eligibility For Birth Center Care At University Of Kentucky Midwife Clinic, Dolores Polito

DNP Projects

Background: The COVID-19 crisis prompted patients to inquire about their options to avoid going to the hospital for birth. Outside of the hospital, birth center care has been identified as an evidence-based model for healthy women during pregnancy and birth, but it is not available in Kentucky.

Purpose The purpose of this study was to determine if there are women eligible for birth center care who have been part of a nurse midwifery service and given birth in a large, academic, tertiary care setting.

Methods: A retrospective chart review was used for this study. It involved a collection of data ...


Neither “Post-War” Nor Post-Pregnancy Paranoia: How America’S War On Drugs Continues To Perpetuate Disparate Incarceration Outcomes For Pregnant, Substance-Involved Offenders, Becca S. Zimmerman 2021 Pitzer College

Neither “Post-War” Nor Post-Pregnancy Paranoia: How America’S War On Drugs Continues To Perpetuate Disparate Incarceration Outcomes For Pregnant, Substance-Involved Offenders, Becca S. Zimmerman

Pitzer Senior Theses

This thesis investigates the unique interactions between pregnancy, substance involvement, and race as they relate to the War on Drugs and the hyper-incarceration of women. Using ordinary least square regression analyses and data from the Bureau of Justice Statistics’ 2016 Survey of Prison Inmates, I examine if (and how) pregnancy status, drug use, race, and their interactions influence two length of incarceration outcomes: sentence length and amount of time spent in jail between arrest and imprisonment. The results collectively indicate that pregnancy decreases length of incarceration outcomes for those offenders who are not substance-involved but not evenhandedly -- benefitting white pregnant ...


Influence Of Seated Time During Pregnancy On Maternal Mental Wellbeing During The Covid19 Pandemic, Abbey Bierma 2021 Iowa State University

Influence Of Seated Time During Pregnancy On Maternal Mental Wellbeing During The Covid19 Pandemic, Abbey Bierma

Creative Components

While the time a woman is pregnant can be filled with times of joy and excitement, it can also be filled with a substantial amount of distress. From physical stress due to possible morning sickness and body changes to mental stress now exacerbated by the stress of the pandemic in this high-risk vulnerable group of individuals. In addition, research has shown that poor mental health during pregnancy can lead to many health consequences, such as premature birth, low birth weight, and learning disabilities in the child later in life. While it is widely understood that physical activity can aid in ...


Examining Perception Of Sti And Pregnancy Risk And Prevention Among A Sample Of College Students During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Emily van Deinse 2021 Western Washington University

Examining Perception Of Sti And Pregnancy Risk And Prevention Among A Sample Of College Students During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Emily Van Deinse

WWU Honors Program Senior Projects

Introduction: College students tend to engage in higher risk sexual behaviors. However, contraception use varies by prevention focus (STI vs pregnancy prevention) and a person’s perception of themselves as a contraceptive user. Research questions pertained to three main topics: sexual behaviors, STI perception and prevention, and pregnancy perception and prevention. This study examined if college students’ gender identity, sexual orientation, and relationship status affected their perception of STI and/or pregnancy prevention efforts.

Methods: We recruited a convenience sample of college students (N=924) at a mid-sized Pacific Northwest university to take an online survey during the months of ...


Medical Knowledge As A Recalcitrant Epistemological System: An Application Of Standpoint Epistemology In The Analysis Of Marginalization Within U.S Healthcare, Abby DeShazo 2021 Claremont Colleges

Medical Knowledge As A Recalcitrant Epistemological System: An Application Of Standpoint Epistemology In The Analysis Of Marginalization Within U.S Healthcare, Abby Deshazo

CMC Senior Theses

Research on healthcare disparities outside the field of epistemology tend to miss the true origins of oppressions imposed on marginalized individuals by the U.S healthcare system. This happens because of the false belief that these oppressions are reducible to social or political oppressions. By employing the perspective of a standpoint epistemologist, we can better identify the origins of these oppressions and subsequently consider more appropriate solutions. The standpoint epistemologist’s perspective (1) provides an intuitive case for the role individuals’ schemas play in the evaluation of what healthcare professionals know; (2) situates medical knowledge within epistemology, leading us to ...


Risk Factors And Knowledge Associated With High Unintended Pregnancy Rates And Low Family Planning Use Among Pregnant Women In Papua New Guinea, Elizabeth Peach, Christopher Morgan, Michelle J. L. Scoullar, Freya J. I. Fowkes, Elissa Kennedy, Pele Melepia, Primrose Homiehombo, Lucy Au, Stanley Luchters, Alexandra J. Umbers 2021 Burnet Institute, Australia

Risk Factors And Knowledge Associated With High Unintended Pregnancy Rates And Low Family Planning Use Among Pregnant Women In Papua New Guinea, Elizabeth Peach, Christopher Morgan, Michelle J. L. Scoullar, Freya J. I. Fowkes, Elissa Kennedy, Pele Melepia, Primrose Homiehombo, Lucy Au, Stanley Luchters, Alexandra J. Umbers

Population Health, East Africa

Unintended pregnancy is a major driver of poor maternal and child health in resource-limited settings. Data on pregnancy intention and use of family planning (FP) is scarce in Papua New Guinea (PNG), but are needed to inform public health strategies to improve FP accessibility and uptake. Data from a facility-based cross-sectional sample of 699 pregnant women assessed prevalence and predictors of unintended pregnancy and modern FP use among pregnant women in East New Britain Province, PNG. More than half (55%) the women reported their pregnancy as unintended. Few (18%) reported ever having used a modern FP method, and knowledge of ...


The Effect Of Quality Of Life On Cardiometabolic Risk Factors In Postmenopausal Women, Chavela Lynn Riotutar 2021 Humboldt State University

The Effect Of Quality Of Life On Cardiometabolic Risk Factors In Postmenopausal Women, Chavela Lynn Riotutar

HSU theses and projects

Background: The emergence of cardiometabolic (CMD) indicators for Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) coincides with the decline in estrogen production during menopause and substantially increases development of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in women. Quality of life (QOL) encompasses physical, material, and social well-being. Research reveals a correlation between low QOL scores and CMD disease. Menopause significantly increases CMD risk, and may also lower QOL scores. Objective: To investigate the relationship between QOL and CMD risk in postmenopausal women. Method: Cisgender, postmenopausal women (age > 45 years) were recruited through emails to complete the online survey. Data collection included demographics, physical characteristics and activity level ...


“It Didn’T Matter What The Bill Said...”: Influences On Abortion Policy Legislative Decision-Making In Georgia, Erica Barton, Subasri Narasimhan, Dabney P. Evans 2021 Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University

“It Didn’T Matter What The Bill Said...”: Influences On Abortion Policy Legislative Decision-Making In Georgia, Erica Barton, Subasri Narasimhan, Dabney P. Evans

Journal of the Georgia Public Health Association

Background: In March 2019 the Georgia legislature passed HB 481 described as a “heartbeat bill”, prohibiting abortion at around six weeks gestation. Given the prevalence of anti-abortion legislation and the public health implications of abortion restrictions, we sought to understand how Georgia legislators made decisions on this early abortion ban legislation.

Methods: We conducted in-depth interviews with nine legislators from the Georgia House of Representatives who participated in the 2019 legislative session. In-depth interviews were conducted in-person and over the phone. Interview recordings were transcribed verbatim and inductive codes identified. Codes focused primarily on views of: abortion in general; specific ...


Early Abortion Exceptionalism, Greer Donley 2021 University of Pittsburgh School of Law

Early Abortion Exceptionalism, Greer Donley

Articles

Restrictive state abortion laws garner a large amount of attention in the national conversation and legal scholarship, but less known is a federal abortion policy that significantly curtails access to early abortion in all fifty states. The policy limits the distribution of mifepristone, the only drug approved to terminate a pregnancy so long as it is within the first ten weeks. Unlike most drugs, which can be prescribed by licensed healthcare providers and picked up at most pharmacies, the Food and Drug Administration only allows certified providers to prescribe mifepristone, and only allows those providers to distribute the drug to ...


Factors Influencing Contraception Use In Sexual Minority Women: A Systematic Literature Review, Grace M. Hudson 2021 Minnesota State University, Mankato

Factors Influencing Contraception Use In Sexual Minority Women: A Systematic Literature Review, Grace M. Hudson

All Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Other Capstone Projects

Contrary to widespread beliefs that lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, plus (LGBTQ+) women do not need contraceptive care, sexual minority women (SMW) engage in vaginal-penile sexual contact which puts them at risk for unintended pregnancy. SMW assigned female gender at birth are at higher risk for less reliable and consistent contraceptive use and thus unintended pregnancy (Everett et al., 2017). This leads to the question of factors which cause SMW to be less engaged in contraceptive services. Through synthesis of studies addressing SMW and contraceptives, four themes developed: attitudes towards contraception, obstacles to care, knowledge gaps, and ways to improve ...


Nurse Home Visitation Program In Hamilton County, Oh To Increase Maternal And Child Health Outcomes, Hannah Widner 2021 University of Kentucky

Nurse Home Visitation Program In Hamilton County, Oh To Increase Maternal And Child Health Outcomes, Hannah Widner

Theses and Dissertations--Public Health (M.P.H. & Dr.P.H.)

Hamilton County Ohio currently has poor outcomes related to maternal and infant health, specifically among African Americans. Compared to the Healthy People 2020 goals, Hamilton County has higher rates of infant mortality, preterm birth, neonatal infant mortality, and conception within 18 months of previous pregnancies. These rates are disproportionate among African Americans. For instance, African American babies born in Ohio have higher infant mortality rate (14.3 per 1,000) prematurity as a cause of death (4 per 1,000) and neonatal mortality rate (9.2 per 1,000). These are compared to White babies in Ohio with infant mortality ...


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