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Factors Associated With Attempt For Smoking Cessation Among Hardcore Smokers In Taiwan, Hui-Wen Huang, Ya-Hui Yang, Wen-Wen Li, Chih-Ling Huang 2021 ESH Integration Department, Innolux Corporation, Tainan City, Taiwan

Factors Associated With Attempt For Smoking Cessation Among Hardcore Smokers In Taiwan, Hui-Wen Huang, Ya-Hui Yang, Wen-Wen Li, Chih-Ling Huang

Asian / Pacific Island Nursing Journal

Background: Tobacco control activities have mostly influenced those smokers who found it easier to quit and, thus, remaining smokers are those who are less likely to stop smoking. This phenomenon is called “hardening hypothesis,” which individuals unwilling or unable to quit smoking and likely to remain so. The aim of this study was to identify the factors correlated with smoking cessation among hardcore smokers.

Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive correlational research design was employed. Hardcore smokers from communities in Taiwan were recruited to participate in the study (N = 187). Self-report questionnaires were used to collect demographic data as well as data ...


A Brief Review Of Mental Health Issues Among Asian And Pacific Islander Communities In The U.S., Mijung Park 2021 University of California, San Francisco

A Brief Review Of Mental Health Issues Among Asian And Pacific Islander Communities In The U.S., Mijung Park

Asian / Pacific Island Nursing Journal

The purpose of this paper is to provide a brief summary of mental health issues among Asian and Pacific Islander (API) communities in the U.S. APIs include individ­uals from Far East Asia (e.g., Korea, China), Central Asia (e.g., Afghanistan, Uzbekistan), South Asia (e.g., India, Pakistan), South East Asia (e.g., Thailand, Philippines), Western Asia (e.g., Iran, Saudi Arabia), and Pacific islands (e.g., Hawaii, Samoa, Mariana island, Fiji, Palau, French Polynesia, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, New Zealand, Tokelau islands, Niue, and Cook Islands). Collectively they speak more than one hundred languages and dialects. Such a ...


Feasibility, Usability And Acceptability Of Paediatric Lung Ultrasound Among Healthcare Providers And Caregivers For The Diagnosis Of Childhood Pneumonia In Resource-Constrained Settings: A Qualitative Study, Atif Riaz, Olga Cambaco, Laura Elizabeth Ellington, Jennifer L. Lenahan, Khatia Munguambe, Usma Mehmood, Sana Qaisar, Benazir Baloch, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Fyezah Jehan 2021 Aga Khan University

Feasibility, Usability And Acceptability Of Paediatric Lung Ultrasound Among Healthcare Providers And Caregivers For The Diagnosis Of Childhood Pneumonia In Resource-Constrained Settings: A Qualitative Study, Atif Riaz, Olga Cambaco, Laura Elizabeth Ellington, Jennifer L. Lenahan, Khatia Munguambe, Usma Mehmood, Sana Qaisar, Benazir Baloch, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Fyezah Jehan

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

Objectives: Paediatric pneumonia burden and mortality are highest in low-income and middle-income countries (LMIC). Paediatric lung ultrasound (LUS) has emerged as a promising diagnostic tool for pneumonia in LMIC. Despite a growing evidence base for LUS use in paediatric pneumonia diagnosis, little is known about its potential for successful implementation in LMIC. Our objectives were to evaluate the feasibility, usability and acceptability of LUS in the diagnosis of paediatric pneumonia.
Design: Prospective qualitative study using semistructured interviews SETTING: Two referral hospitals in Mozambique and Pakistan PARTICIPANTS: A total of 21 healthcare providers (HCPs) and 20 caregivers were enrolled.
Results: HCPs ...


Heterogeneous Contributions Of Change In Population Distribution Of Body Mass Index To Change In Obesity And Underweight, NCD Risk Factor Collaboration (NCD-RisC), Maria Lc Iurilli, Bin Zhou, James E. Bennett, Rodrigo M. Carrillo-Larco, Marisa K. Sophiea, Andrea Rodriguez-Martinez, Honor Bixby, Bethlehem D. Solomon, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta 2021 Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom

Heterogeneous Contributions Of Change In Population Distribution Of Body Mass Index To Change In Obesity And Underweight, Ncd Risk Factor Collaboration (Ncd-Risc), Maria Lc Iurilli, Bin Zhou, James E. Bennett, Rodrigo M. Carrillo-Larco, Marisa K. Sophiea, Andrea Rodriguez-Martinez, Honor Bixby, Bethlehem D. Solomon, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

Woman and Child Health

From 1985 to 2016, the prevalence of underweight decreased, and that of obesity and severe obesity increased, in most regions, with significant variation in the magnitude of these changes across regions. We investigated how much change in mean body mass index (BMI) explains changes in the prevalence of underweight, obesity, and severe obesity in different regions using data from 2896 population-based studies with 187 million participants. Changes in the prevalence of underweight and total obesity, and to a lesser extent severe obesity, are largely driven by shifts in the distribution of BMI, with smaller contributions from changes in the shape ...


Development And Feasibility Testing Of A Play-Based Psychosocial Intervention For Reduced Patient Stress In A Pediatric Care Setting: Experiences From Pakistan, Muneera A. Rasheed, Vardah Bharuchi, Waliyah Mughis, Ayesha Hussain 2021 University of Bergen, Norway

Development And Feasibility Testing Of A Play-Based Psychosocial Intervention For Reduced Patient Stress In A Pediatric Care Setting: Experiences From Pakistan, Muneera A. Rasheed, Vardah Bharuchi, Waliyah Mughis, Ayesha Hussain

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

Background: Hospitalization can be a source of great stress for children and their families. In high-income countries, there are specialized staff to help children cope using different techniques including play. However, it is a major challenge in low and middle-income countries (LMIC) due to financial constraints and untrained human resource. The objective of study was to develop and test the feasibility and acceptance of a psychology trainee-delivered model postulated on employing play as a means of enhancing child-parent interactions leading to reduced stress during hospitalization.
Methods: This study was conducted in the paediatric ward of a tertiary care private hospital ...


Feasibility Of Using Mobile Technology To Improve Physical Activity Among People Living With Diabetes In Asia, Nada Lukkahatai, Pratum Soivong, Dongmei Li, Phakjira Jaiman, Supornphan Thamkaew, Duenapen Chaiwong, Nutchari Hiranlalit, Jillian Inouye 2021 School of Nursing, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland

Feasibility Of Using Mobile Technology To Improve Physical Activity Among People Living With Diabetes In Asia, Nada Lukkahatai, Pratum Soivong, Dongmei Li, Phakjira Jaiman, Supornphan Thamkaew, Duenapen Chaiwong, Nutchari Hiranlalit, Jillian Inouye

Asian / Pacific Island Nursing Journal

Background: Chronic conditions such as diabetes (DM) and cardiovascular disease are associated with disability and poor quality of life. Asians are 30% more likely than non-Hispanic Whites to develop type 2 DM. The important roles of wearable technological applications or devices in maintaining individuals’ motivation to attain their physical activity (PA) goal have been reported. However, evidence of the feasibility and impact of the mobile technology on the PA in Thailand is limited. This study aims to examine the feasibility and the impact of the immediate performance feedback feature of the wearable device on PA.

Methods: This pilot study recruited ...


Deconstructing Patriarchy In The Healing Arts, Rebekah Harbour 2021 Zero Balancing

Deconstructing Patriarchy In The Healing Arts, Rebekah Harbour

The International Journal of Zero Balancing and Transformative Touch

Sometimes we perpetuate the very systems we want to change because it's the only way we know. Making a change in the outer world can require a shift in our inner perspective.


Morel-Lavallée Lesion In A 35-Year Female, Amir Humza Sohail, Muhammad Talha Liaquat, Mohammed Sachal Sohail, Muhammad Salman Khan, Hazim Hakmi 2021 NYU Langone Hospital Long Island, New York, USA.

Morel-Lavallée Lesion In A 35-Year Female, Amir Humza Sohail, Muhammad Talha Liaquat, Mohammed Sachal Sohail, Muhammad Salman Khan, Hazim Hakmi

Department of Radiology

Morel-Lavallée lesion is a post-traumatic degloving cyst, usually filled with blood, lymph or necrotic tissue, which mostly develops in the area around greater trochanter. Early diagnosis and prompt treatment is essential to prevent further complications, such as compression of surrounding structures. X-rays have limited use and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the modality of choice in diagnosing the lesion. We report a case of a 35-year female presenting with left thigh pain after a fall from motorcycle almost 21/2 years ago. Ultrasound and MRI confirmed the presence of Morel-Lavallée lesion involving the left pelvis and upper thigh. Given the ...


Assisted Reproductive Technologies And Health-Related Issues Among Women And Children: A Research Review, Laura Maria Corradi 2021 Università della Calabria, Italy

Assisted Reproductive Technologies And Health-Related Issues Among Women And Children: A Research Review, Laura Maria Corradi

Dignity: A Journal of Analysis of Exploitation and Violence

From their first use in the late 1970s until the mid-1990s, Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ART) gave rise to serious concerns by feminists internationally. Their questions ranged from asking about health risks to ethical and political problems inherent in these technologies. However, over the last 25 years, interest in women’s health which used to be central to feminist theory and politics, progressively decreased and with it concerns about ART. Today, while the medical literature about health risks in ART is increasing, the topic of women’s health in relation to reproductive technologies remains marginal in feminist discourse, social sciences, and ...


Covid-19 Pandemic And Breast Cancer Management: A Retrospective Observational Clinical Study From Pakistan, Lubna Mushtaque Vohra, Dua Jabeen, Narmeen Asif, Abdul Ahad 2021 Aga Khan University

Covid-19 Pandemic And Breast Cancer Management: A Retrospective Observational Clinical Study From Pakistan, Lubna Mushtaque Vohra, Dua Jabeen, Narmeen Asif, Abdul Ahad

Section of General Surgery

Background: COVID-19 outbreak has adversely affected care of breast cancer patients world-wide. There is paucity of available data on cancer management in lower-middle income countries during this pandemic, we sought to determine the institutional approach towards management of breast cancer patients and the outcomes during COVID-19 pandemic at our institution.
Materials and methods: Clinicopathological and treatment record of cancer patients who presented to the Breast Clinic from 15th March to 31st December 2020 was retrieved from the institutional database for this retrospective clinical observational study.
Results: A total of 292 patients were qualified for the analysis in which 206 ...


Persistent Post-Surgical Pain Following Breast Cancer Surgery: An Observational Study In A Tertiary Care Hospital, Ali Sarfraz Siddiqui, Sana Zeeshan, Aliya Ahmed, Shaista Khan 2021 Aga Khan University

Persistent Post-Surgical Pain Following Breast Cancer Surgery: An Observational Study In A Tertiary Care Hospital, Ali Sarfraz Siddiqui, Sana Zeeshan, Aliya Ahmed, Shaista Khan

Department of Anaesthesia

Objective: To determine the frequency of persistent pain in patients after breast cancer surgery, and to assess the distribution and characteristics of pain in such patients.
Methods: The prospective observational single cohort study was conducted at the Department of Anaesthesiology and in the Breast Clinic of the Department of Surgery, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, from August 2016 to January 2017, and comprised adult female patients with biopsy-proven carcinoma of breast who were scheduled for elective definitive breast cancer surgery. The patients were followed up for up to three months post-surgery and those with persistent pain were followed up for ...


Enteric Fever, Buddha Basnyat, Farah Naz Qamar, Priscilla Rupali, Tahmeed Ahmed, Christopher M. Parry 2021 Oxford University Clinical Research Unit-Patan Academy of Health Science Kathmandu, Nepal

Enteric Fever, Buddha Basnyat, Farah Naz Qamar, Priscilla Rupali, Tahmeed Ahmed, Christopher M. Parry

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

No abstract provided.


Association Of Cardiovascular Health And Epigenetic Age Acceleration, Tess D. Pottinger, Sadiya S. Khan, Yinan Zheng, Wei Zhang, Hilary A. Tindle, Matthew Allison, Gretchen Wells, Aladdin H. Shadyab, Rami Nassir, Lisa Warsinger Martin, JoAnn E. Manson, Donald M. Lloyd-Jones, Philip Greenland, Andrea A. Baccarelli, Eric A. Whitsel, Lifang Hou 2021 Northwestern University

Association Of Cardiovascular Health And Epigenetic Age Acceleration, Tess D. Pottinger, Sadiya S. Khan, Yinan Zheng, Wei Zhang, Hilary A. Tindle, Matthew Allison, Gretchen Wells, Aladdin H. Shadyab, Rami Nassir, Lisa Warsinger Martin, Joann E. Manson, Donald M. Lloyd-Jones, Philip Greenland, Andrea A. Baccarelli, Eric A. Whitsel, Lifang Hou

Nursing Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular health (CVH) has been defined by the American Heart Association (AHA) as the presence of the "Life's Simple 7" ideal lifestyle and clinical factors. CVH is known to predict longevity and freedom from cardiovascular disease, the leading cause of death for women in the United States. DNA methylation markers of aging have been aggregated into a composite epigenetic age score, which is associated with cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. However, it is unknown whether poor CVH is associated with acceleration of aging as measured by DNA methylation markers in epigenetic age.

METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed a cross-sectional ...


Hello Darkness My Old Friend: An Experience Of A Transformative Session With Zero Balancing, James McCormick 2021 Zero Balancing Health Association

Hello Darkness My Old Friend: An Experience Of A Transformative Session With Zero Balancing, James Mccormick

The International Journal of Zero Balancing and Transformative Touch

An Experience of a Transformative Session with Zero Balancing showing the effects of client experiencing an expanded state of consciousness furring a Zero Balancing session.


The Association Between Cardiovascular Disease Knowledge And Risk Factors Among African American Breast Cancer Survivors In The Deep South, Michelle S. Williams, Chizoba Anyimukwu 2021 George Mason University

The Association Between Cardiovascular Disease Knowledge And Risk Factors Among African American Breast Cancer Survivors In The Deep South, Michelle S. Williams, Chizoba Anyimukwu

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Purpose: African American breast cancer survivors in the Deep South have a disproportionately high burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality. Multiple potentially modifiable CVD risk factors are highly prevalent in this population, such as high blood pressure, obesity, and poor dietary habits. The purpose of this study was to assess the association between CVD health metrics and heart disease knowledge among the target population.

Methods: The Heart Disease Knowledge Questionnaire was used to assess the participants’ knowledge of heart disease and heart disease risk factors. Questions from My Life Check were used to assess the participants cardiovascular health metrics. Multivariate ...


Impact Of 10-Valent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (Pcv10) On Nasopharyngeal Carriage In Children 2 Years Of Age: Data From A Four-Year Time Series Cross-Sectional Study From Pakistan, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Shahira Shahid, Sajid Muhammad, Farah Khalid, Amjad Hussain, Sheraz Ahmed, Sadia Shakoor, Furqan Kabir, Aneeta Hotwani, Syed Asad Ali, Anita K. M. Zaidi, Fyezah Jehan, Najeeha Talat Iqbal 2021 Aga Khan University

Impact Of 10-Valent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (Pcv10) On Nasopharyngeal Carriage In Children 2 Years Of Age: Data From A Four-Year Time Series Cross-Sectional Study From Pakistan, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Shahira Shahid, Sajid Muhammad, Farah Khalid, Amjad Hussain, Sheraz Ahmed, Sadia Shakoor, Furqan Kabir, Aneeta Hotwani, Syed Asad Ali, Anita K. M. Zaidi, Fyezah Jehan, Najeeha Talat Iqbal

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

The dataset described in this paper was collected for a time-series cross-sectional study exploring the impact of 10-valent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (PCV10) on nasopharyngeal (NP) carriage in children under 2 years of age from a rural population in Sindh, Pakistan. The study was carried out in two union councils of Matiari - Khyber and Shah Alam Shah Jee Wasi (Latitude 25.680298 / Longitude 68.502711). Data was collected on socio-demographics, clinical characteristics and vaccination status using android phone-based application. NP samples were collected using standard World Health Organisation (WHO) techniques, culture and serotyping was done using sequential Multiplex PCR described by ...


Eccrine Spiradenoma: A Rare Adnexal Tumour With Atypical Presentation: A Case Report, Adnan Salim, Muhammad Usman Tariq, Sana Zeeshan 2021 Aga Khan University

Eccrine Spiradenoma: A Rare Adnexal Tumour With Atypical Presentation: A Case Report, Adnan Salim, Muhammad Usman Tariq, Sana Zeeshan

Section of Neurosurgery

First described in 1934, eccrine spiradenoma (ES) is a rare, benign adnexal tumour arising from eccrine sweat glands. It commonly presents as a slow-growing nodule on the upper trunk, and head and neck region, mostly in the age bracket of 15-35 years, with no gender preference. While no established guidelines exist for optimal management of malignant ES, some therapies have been studied. The diagnosis of this entity is extremely important as it can harbour a malignant component with disastrous outcomes which may be missed due to its strong resemblance to benign lesions, such as a papilloma. Here, we present the ...


A Scoping Review: Overview Of Current Respectful Maternity Care Research By Research Approach And Study Location, Hannah L. Shuman, Annika M. Grupp, Lauren A. Robb, Gurbani Bedi, Miloni Shah, Andrea Janis, Caroline G. Caldart, Ryan Melikian, Urvashi Gupta, Janki K. Vaghasia, Aishwarya Panneerselvam, Aisha Kazeem, Ndidiamaka N. Amutah-Onukagha, Diane L. Levine 2021 Wayne State University

A Scoping Review: Overview Of Current Respectful Maternity Care Research By Research Approach And Study Location, Hannah L. Shuman, Annika M. Grupp, Lauren A. Robb, Gurbani Bedi, Miloni Shah, Andrea Janis, Caroline G. Caldart, Ryan Melikian, Urvashi Gupta, Janki K. Vaghasia, Aishwarya Panneerselvam, Aisha Kazeem, Ndidiamaka N. Amutah-Onukagha, Diane L. Levine

Medical Student Research Symposium

Introduction: Disrespectful care during childbirth contributes to poor health outcomes, perpetuates disparities, and encourages childbirth outside of healthcare facilities. To measure disrespectful care, investigators use many research approaches. Most research has focused on low/low-middle income countries. This scoping review aims to 1) summarize current research and research approaches to analyze whether these approaches identify the same types of mistreatment and 2) identify gaps in current research analyzing disrespectful care during childbirth.

Methods: Following PRISMA guidelines, this review utilized search terms to filter articles from the Pubmed database. Using specific criteria, articles were then excluded by title and abstract, then ...


Does Delay In The Diagnosis Of Rudimentary Horn Pregnancy In Patients With Unicornuate Uteri Impact Treatment Outcomes?, Victoria Webber, Megan Fee, Damla Gonullu, Jessica Rausch, Omosalewa Itauma, Chidinma Abara, Awoniyi Awonuga 2021 Wayne State University

Does Delay In The Diagnosis Of Rudimentary Horn Pregnancy In Patients With Unicornuate Uteri Impact Treatment Outcomes?, Victoria Webber, Megan Fee, Damla Gonullu, Jessica Rausch, Omosalewa Itauma, Chidinma Abara, Awoniyi Awonuga

Medical Student Research Symposium

OBJECTIVE: Rudimentary horn pregnancy (RHP) is a very rare form of ectopic pregnancy (EP) that tends to rupture in the second trimester. Similar to other EPs, the treatment of RHPs is excision, hence delay in diagnosis (DID) can be detrimental. Our objective is to determine whether DID of RHP in patients with unicornuate uteri (UCU) impacts the treatment outcome.

DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of published case reports in PubMed database.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: A computerized PubMed search of case reports of RHP from 2007 to 2020 was performed using the key words; unicornuate uterus, rudimentary horn, pregnancy, case. Data was ...


Meropenem-Induced Pancytopenia In A Preterm Neonate: A Case Report, Kashif Hussain, Muhammad Sohail Salat, Naureen Mohammad, Ambreen Mughal, Sidra Idrees, Javaid Iqbal, Gul Ambreen 2021 Aga Khan University

Meropenem-Induced Pancytopenia In A Preterm Neonate: A Case Report, Kashif Hussain, Muhammad Sohail Salat, Naureen Mohammad, Ambreen Mughal, Sidra Idrees, Javaid Iqbal, Gul Ambreen

Department of Biological & Biomedical Sciences

Background: A post-marketing surveillance study has reported an association between meropenem use and the incidence of hematologic abnormalities, including leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, hemolysis, and neutropenia, but the precise incidence in neonates is unknown. Here, we report meropenem-induced pancytopenia in a preterm neonate.
Case presentation: A preterm newborn Pakistani received intravenous meropenem 40 mg/kg every 8 hours to treat Klebsiella pneumoniae in blood cultures and suspected meningitis. The baby developed severe thrombocytopenia, with a platelet count of 22 × 103 cells/mm3, low hemoglobin level of 9.7 g/dl, and low absolute neutrophil count (ANC) of 816 cells/mm ...


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