Workplace Mistreatment And Mental Health In Female Surgeons In Pakistan, 2021 Aga Khan University
Workplace Mistreatment And Mental Health In Female Surgeons In Pakistan, Mahim Malik, Hina Inam, Russell S. Martins, Mahin B N. Janjua, Nida Zahid, Sadaf Khan, Abida K. Sattar, Shaista Khan, Adil H. Haider, Syed Ather Enam
Section of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Background: Despite workplace mistreatment, which includes harassment, bullying and gender discrimination(GD)/bias, being serious problems for female surgeons, there are limited data from lower-middle-income countries like Pakistan. This study explored harassment and GD/bias experienced by female surgeons in Pakistan, and the effects of these experiences on mental health and well-being.
Methods: A nationwide survey was conducted between July and September 2019 in collaboration with the Association of Women Surgeons of Pakistan, an organization consisting of female surgeons and trainees in Pakistan. An anonymous online survey was emailed directly, disseminated via social media platforms (such as Facebook, Twitter and ...
Predictors Of Iron Consumption For At Least 90 Days During Pregnancy: Findings From National Demographic Health Survey, Pakistan (2017-2018), 2021 Columbia University, New York, USA.
Predictors Of Iron Consumption For At Least 90 Days During Pregnancy: Findings From National Demographic Health Survey, Pakistan (2017-2018), Sumera Aziz Ali, Savera Aziz Ali, Shama Razzaq, Nayab Khowaja, Sarah Gutkind, Fazal Ur Rehman, Nadir Suhail
Section of Internal Medicine
Background: Iron supplementation is considered an imperative strategy for anemia prevention and control during pregnancy in Pakistan. Although there is some evidence on the predictors of iron deficiency anemia among Pakistani women, there is a very limited understanding of factors associated with iron consumption among Pakistani pregnant women. Thus, this study aimed to investigate the predictors of iron consumption for at least ≥90 days during pregnancy in Pakistan.
Methods: We analyzed dataset from the nationally representative Pakistan Demographic Health Survey 2017-2018. The primary outcome of the current study was the consumption of iron supplementation for ≥90 days during the pregnancy ...
Tiny Tusks Internship: The Importance Of Breastfeeding Education In The Workplace, 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville
Tiny Tusks Internship: The Importance Of Breastfeeding Education In The Workplace, Gianna Hogan
The Eleanor Mann School of Nursing Undergraduate Honors Theses
Breastfeeding education in public, especially in the workplace, is a concept that has a multitude of different perspectives. Research has shown that breastfeeding has many positive effects on mother and baby, that can be lessened due to the lack of breastfeeding support in various organizations. In this literature review, barriers to breastfeeding in the workplace were analyzed in order to understand the effects these barriers have on breastfeeding duration. In addition, this review helped emphasize the need for policies to be enacted in the workplace to better support breastfeeding mothers, and the impact these policies have on employee retention rates ...
Tiny Tusks Internship: Marketing Towards Breastfeeding: How Marketing Can Either Help Or Hinder How Breastfeeding Is Perceived, 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville
Tiny Tusks Internship: Marketing Towards Breastfeeding: How Marketing Can Either Help Or Hinder How Breastfeeding Is Perceived, Hailey Tremmel
The Eleanor Mann School of Nursing Undergraduate Honors Theses
Tiny Tusks Breastfeeding and Infant Support is a program run by faculty and students in the Eleanor Mann School of Nursing program that allows for breastfeeding mothers in attendance at the University of Arkansas sporting events to have a place to pump or provide care to their infant. How marketing towards breastfeeding is portrayed has a huge impact on helping breastfeeding mothers to feel properly educated and supported about the decision to breastfeed. The purpose of this literature review is to demonstrate how marketing tactics can affect the view of breastfeeding, whether that be positive or negative. The results found ...
Women In The Outdoors: Navigating Fear And Creating Space For Spiritual Inspiration., 2021 SUNY College Cortland
Women In The Outdoors: Navigating Fear And Creating Space For Spiritual Inspiration., Morgan Costello
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between fear and spiritual inspiration for women in the outdoors. Specifically, this study looked at participants from SUNY Cortland’s Outdoor Education Practicum, a core course in the Recreation, Parks, and Leisure Studies Department that culminates with a two-week outdoor experience, with the goals of teaching outdoor skills and building community. This was a mixed-method study, with quantitative data collected according to pre(mid)post design and qualitative data coming from journal entries over a 5-day period. Testing was conducted using the Outdoor Situational Fear Inventory to measure fear, and ...
Addressing Maternal Mortality Rates Of Black Women In The Us: California's Example, 2021 Dominican University of California
Addressing Maternal Mortality Rates Of Black Women In The Us: California's Example, Selah Laigo
Humanities & Cultural Studies | Senior Theses
This essay examines California’s legislation, activism, and the role of women’s clinics in serving Black communities in the fight against maternal mortality. Maternal mortality is a death related to pregnancy or childbirth. In the United States, maternal mortality rates have been increasing since the beginning of the 21st century and there is a significant racial disparity with Black women being at greater risk. Despite national rates increasing, California has managed to decrease maternal mortality rates (MMR) since the early 2000s by adopting legislation and policies that work to decrease preventable deaths, multidisciplinary maternity care for the protection of ...
Randomised Trials At The Level Of The Individual, 2021 University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
Randomised Trials At The Level Of The Individual, Jay J H. Park, Nathan Ford, Denis Xavier, Per Ashorn, Rebecca F. Grais, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Herman Goossens, Kristian Thorlund, Maria Eugenia Socias, Edward J. Mills
Centre of Excellence in Women and Child Health
In global health research, short-term, small-scale clinical trials with fixed, two-arm trial designs that generally do not allow for major changes throughout the trial are the most common study design. Building on the introductory paper of this Series, this paper discusses data-driven approaches to clinical trial research across several adaptive trial designs, as well as the master protocol framework that can help to harmonise clinical trial research efforts in global health research. We provide a general framework for more efficient trial research, and we discuss the importance of considering different study designs in the planning stage with statistical simulations. We ...
Media’S Portrayal Of Women And Its Impact On Body Image And Self-Esteem, 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville
Media’S Portrayal Of Women And Its Impact On Body Image And Self-Esteem, Hannah Bareis
Marketing Undergraduate Honors Theses
This project addresses the portrayal of women in media and its damaging effects on body image and self-esteem. It raises two critical questions: What negative impact is media creating on women? What can be done to combat these destructive effects?
According to a study done by Common Sense Media, "American teens use an average of 9 hours of media daily, not including for school and homework" (Common Sense Media, 2015). This data, along with many others, shows the severity of media exposure to teens. This has brought a valuable discussion to the table. How has this impacted female body image ...
“In This Industry, You're No Longer Human”: An Exploratory Study Of Women’S Experiences In Pornography Production In Sweden, Meghan Donevan
Dignity: A Journal of Analysis of Exploitation and Violence
Despite being a global, billion-dollar industry, very little is known about the conditions women face within the pornography industry. The aim of this study was to explore women’s experiences in pornography production, with a particular focus on structural antecedents to entrance, coercion, and violence within the industry, as well as current needs and any barriers to exiting the industry. Semi-structured, in-depth interviews were conducted with nine women with experiences in pornography production in Sweden. Participants identified young age, financial insecurity, earlier exposure to sexualized violence, and poor mental health as typical antecedents to entering the pornography industry. Once in ...
Economic And Cost-Effectiveness Analysis Of The Community-Level Interventions For Pre-Eclampsia (Clip) Trials In India, Pakistan And Mozambique, 2021 The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
Economic And Cost-Effectiveness Analysis Of The Community-Level Interventions For Pre-Eclampsia (Clip) Trials In India, Pakistan And Mozambique, Jeffrey N. Bone, Asif R. Khowaja, Marianne Vidler, Beth A. Payne, Mrutyunjaya B. Bellad, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Ashalata A. Mallapur, Khatia Munguambe, Rahat Qureshi, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta
Woman and Child Health
Background: The Community-Level Interventions for Pre-eclampsia (CLIP) trials (NCT01911494) in India, Pakistan and Mozambique (February 2014-2017) involved community engagement and task sharing with community health workers for triage and initial treatment of pregnancy hypertension. Maternal and perinatal mortality was less frequent among women who received ≥8 CLIP contacts. The aim of this analysis was to assess the incremental costs and cost-effectiveness of the CLIP intervention overall in comparison to standard of care, and by PIERS (Pre-eclampsia Integrated Estimate of RiSk) On the Move (POM) mobile health application visit frequency.
Methods: Included were all women enrolled in the three CLIP trials ...
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome And Insulin Resistance: An Evaluation Of Treatment Modalities And Complication Prevention, Sarah Mann
Senior Honors Theses
Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a reproductive and endocrine disorder in women of childbearing age. This disorder includes multiple clinical manifestations, namely insulin resistance (IR) and infertility related to hormonal imbalances and anovulation. Despite being a common condition, its etiology and treatment modalities remain poorly defined. Without proper understanding and management of the condition, women may suffer numerous complications besides infertility such as diabetes mellitus type II (DMII), endometrial cancer, and cardiovascular disease. Therefore, further research is critical. This integrative review will create a comprehensive understanding of PCOS' pathophysiology, potential complications, treatment methods, and nursing considerations to promote the health ...
The Role And Challenges Of Cluster Randomised Trials For Global Health, 2021 McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada
The Role And Challenges Of Cluster Randomised Trials For Global Health, Louis Dron, Monica Taljaard, Yin Bun Cheung, Rebecca Grais, Nathan Ford, Kristian Thorlund, Fyezah Jehan, Etheldreda Nakimuli-Mpungu, Denis Xavier, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Jay J H. Park, Edward J. Mills
Department of Paediatrics and Child Health
Evaluating whether an intervention works when trialled in groups of individuals can pose complex challenges for clinical research. Cluster randomised controlled trials involve the random allocation of groups or clusters of individuals to receive an intervention, and they are commonly used in global health research. In this paper, we describe the potential reasons for the increasing popularity of cluster trials in low-income and middle-income countries. We also draw on key areas of global health research for an assessment of common trial planning practices, and we address their methodological shortcomings and pitfalls. Lastly, we discuss alternative approaches for population-level intervention trials ...
Factors Affecting Pregnancy Outcome In Refugee Mothers In Lebanon, 2021 Professor of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Beirut Arab University, Beirut, Lebanon
Factors Affecting Pregnancy Outcome In Refugee Mothers In Lebanon, Hesham Elshal, Mohammad Chour, Sirine Abdel Halim, Sadika Kharpoutli, Hind Raad, Sami Abou Alfa, Rida Maaliki, Zeina Makki
BAU Journal - Health and Wellbeing
In recent years, Lebanon has been a destination for less privileged refugees who seek better living conditions and shelter from regional wars, conflicts and instabilities. Recently, it is estimated that more than 20% of residents in Lebanon are Syrian refugees who live under questionable conditions regarding quality of life. Pregnant women, among their population, are considered more vulnerable to the effect of such living conditions. This study aimed at assessment of pregnancy outcome (birth weight, infant complications…) in a sample of women in refugees areas who have recently given birth and relate this outcome to multiple factors including socioeconomic status ...
Empowering Action Against Femicide: A Case Study Of Turkey An Integrated Literature Review, 2021 University of Southern Maine
Empowering Action Against Femicide: A Case Study Of Turkey An Integrated Literature Review, Ashley Simon
Thinking Matters Symposium
The primary purpose of this integrative literature review is to explore the relationship between culture and femicide within Turkey to empower action against femicide. Femicides within Turkey are on the rise, as a study done by Sage Journals in 2009 reported that 42% of Turkish women between the ages of 15 and 60 experienced some form of physical or sexual abuse from their husband or partner. Currently, there has been an onslaught of articles released that more and more women are being abused throughout the country during the COVID-19 pandemic. The research will explore cultural aspects that allow for women ...
Healthcare In A Vulnerable Population: Female Inmates In The Usa, 2021 West Chester University of Pennsylvania
Healthcare In A Vulnerable Population: Female Inmates In The Usa, Shanon Ward
Psychology Student Work
The prison population of the United States is estimated at around 6,410,000 (Maruschak & Minton, 2018). Studies have found that access to healthcare for inmates is subpar with a lack of routine examinations and preventative care and an earlier onset and higher rate of chronic medical conditions than the general population. In addition to the lack of healthcare for all inmates, specific at-risk subpopulations are likely to receive even less healthcare support due to discrimination and “invisible” illnesses. This research explores the health care and support services available to an underrepresented and vulnerable group of prisoners: Female inmates, pregnant ...
Disparities In Access To Assisted Reproductive Technology Among Hispanic Women In The United States, 2021 University of South Dakota
Disparities In Access To Assisted Reproductive Technology Among Hispanic Women In The United States, Madison Gallagher
Infertility is a health problem that affects approximately 7 million women in the United States (Ethics Committee of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine, 2015). Due to the high costs of reproductive medicine and infertility treatment, these services tend to be expensive and have limited accessibility without full insurance coverage. Emerging literature outlines the disparities in access to proper treatment for reproductive complications. These existing studies highlight that many minority populations in the United States experience increased challenges regarding access to reproductive medicine and infertility treatment. Among these minority groups are Hispanic women, who are more likely to require reproductive ...
Obstetric Patients And Healthcare Providers Perspectives To Inform Mobile App Design For Physical Activity And Weight Control During Pregnancy And Postpartum In A Rural Setting, 2021 Western Kentucky University
Obstetric Patients And Healthcare Providers Perspectives To Inform Mobile App Design For Physical Activity And Weight Control During Pregnancy And Postpartum In A Rural Setting, Rachel Tinius, Cathryn Duchette, Sia Beasley, Maire Blankenship, Nancy Schoenberg
Behavioral Science Faculty Publications
Background: Mobile health technology offers the opportunity for women to engage with physical activity promotion programs without many of the barriers commonly associated with exercise during and after pregnancy (eg, childcare concerns, rigid schedules, fear of doing harm to fetus or self, access to fitness facilities, uncomfortable with body in front of others) which may be particularly useful in under-resourced rural environments. We conducted the first known study on perspectives of pregnant women, postpartum women, and obstetric healthcare providers in a rural setting on needs related to the development of a mobile app designed to increase physical activity during pregnancy ...
Perceptions Of Women, Their Husbands And Healthcare Providers About Anemia In Rural Pakistan: Findings From A Qualitative Exploratory Study, 2021 Columbia University, New York City, USA.
Perceptions Of Women, Their Husbands And Healthcare Providers About Anemia In Rural Pakistan: Findings From A Qualitative Exploratory Study, Sumera Aziz Ali, Anam Feroz, Zahid Abbasi, Savera Aziz Ali, Ahreen Allana, K Michael Hambidge, Nancy F. Krebs, Jamie E. Westcott, Elizabeth M. Mcclure, Robert L. Goldenberg, Sarah Saleem
Community Health Sciences
Background: In Pakistan, there is a dearth of literature on the perceptions of anemia among women of reproductive age (WRA). This study was undertaken to explore the perceptions of women, their husbands, and healthcare providers about anemia, its possible causes, and how anemia impacts maternal and child health in Thatta, Pakistan.
Methods: A qualitative study was conducted in Thatta, Pakistan from September to December 2018. Using a pre-tested semi-structured interview (SSI), we collected data to understand their definitions of anemia through ten focus group discussions (FGDs) with women and their partners and ten primary informant interviews (KIIs) with healthcare providers ...
Zero Balancing In The Chiropractic Practice, 2021 Zero Balancing Touch Foundation
Zero Balancing In The Chiropractic Practice, Michele Doucette Dc
The International Journal of Zero Balancing and Transformative Touch
Discovering the profound gifts of the leading-edge structural and energetic manual therapy Zero Balancing (ZB), and adding it to my chiropractic and nutrition practice, has unified my personal growth with the sustainability of my professional practice. Much of humanity is starving for wholeness, authenticity, and meaningful connection with ourselves, others, and something greater. Chiropractors are well positioned to be leaders in a true evolution of healthcare, especially if, as we continue to explore the various branches of our therapeutic repertoires, we stay connected to our vitalistic roots that are now more supported than ever by new findings in the fields ...
Determinants Of Short Birth Intervals Among Married Women: A Cross-Sectional Study In Karachi, Pakistan, 2021 Aga Khan University
Determinants Of Short Birth Intervals Among Married Women: A Cross-Sectional Study In Karachi, Pakistan, Sidrah Nausheen, Maria Asif Bhura, Kristy Hackett, Imtiaz Hussain, Zainab Shaikh, Arjumand Rizvi, Uzair Ansari, David Canning, Iqbal Shah, Sajid Bashir Soofi
Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Introduction: Birth spacing is a critical pathway to improving reproductive health. WHO recommends a minimum of 33-month interval between two consecutive births to reduce maternal, perinatal, infant morbidity and mortality. Our study evaluated factors associated with short birth intervals (SBIs) of less than 33 months between two consecutive births, in Karachi, Pakistan.
Methods: We used data from a cross-sectional study among married women of reproductive age (MWRA) who had at least one live birth in the 6 years preceding the survey (N=2394). Information regarding their sociodemographic characteristics, reproductive history, fertility preferences, family planning history and a 6-year reproductive calendar ...