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Disparities Among Black Women In Maternal Health, Josefina Teresa Estrada 2021 Dominican University of California

Disparities Among Black Women In Maternal Health, Josefina Teresa Estrada

Nursing | Senior Theses

The literature shows that Black women face many disparities in terms of health care access and the quality of care. These obstacles could negatively affect the health of the mother and their child. This paper includes a literature review and proposed research study. The objective of this research study is to identify the outcomes of Black women compared to White women and other women of color in terms of maternal health. A literature review is provided in order to identify how race affects the following factors: obstacles that limit access to healthcare, rates of obtaining prenatal care, postpartum outcomes and ...


Black And White Health Disparities: Racial Bias In American Healthcare, Yasmeen Almomani 2021 Wilfrid Laurier University

Black And White Health Disparities: Racial Bias In American Healthcare, Yasmeen Almomani

Bridges: An Undergraduate Journal of Contemporary Connections

This paper explores the historical implications of race in American society that have led to implicit racism in the healthcare system. Racial bias in healthcare against Black people is a factor in the health disparities between Black and white people in America, such as the gap in life expectancy, infant death, and maternal mortality. Black people are more likely to report racial discrimination from healthcare providers, which is a reason for the decreased quality of care received. The past justifications of slavery, the Tuskegee syphilis study, and the medical experimentations on Black women are horrifying but were considered acceptable in ...


Impacts Of Covid-19 Related Changes In Income On Women Experiencing Intimate Partner Violence At Home, Cara Davidson 2021 The University of Western Ontario

Impacts Of Covid-19 Related Changes In Income On Women Experiencing Intimate Partner Violence At Home, Cara Davidson

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Introduction: Intimate partner violence (IPV) has increased in Canada due to COVID-19 and associated public health measures. Economic status may be responsible, but this must be validated during COVID-19.

Methods: An online survey was administered to 23 Canadian women to measure their income pre and during COVID-19 and their experiences of IPV in the past 12 months. Factorial ANOVAs and MANOVAs were used to explore the relationship between income and IPV.

Results: Of women responding to both timepoints, 56.5% (n=13) indicated an increase in IPV. Analyses did not suggest that income was significantly related to IPV, apart from ...


Birthweight And Risk Of Autoimmune And Thyroid Conditions Within The Women’S Health Initiative, Brian c. Monahan 2021 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Birthweight And Risk Of Autoimmune And Thyroid Conditions Within The Women’S Health Initiative, Brian C. Monahan

Masters Theses

Autoimmune and thyroid conditions account for a substantial proportion of the morbidity and mortality experienced in the United States, affecting >40 million Americans combined. Co-occurrence of both an autoimmune and thyroid condition is also likely, particularly among women. Epidemiologic studies on both sets of conditions have examined many risk factors, including demographic, lifestyle, genetic, and environmental risk factors. However, one area which has been neglected is the effect of early life exposures on the development of autoimmune and thyroid conditions. To investigate the potential association between an individual’s birth weight (by category;in uteroand early childhood, extending the hypothesis ...


An Intersectional Approach To Time Poverty: A Pilot Study Of Time Poverty And Black Women’S Perceived Health Based On Semi-Structured Interviews, Lauriane Ngaya Fonkou 2021 SUNY Geneseo

An Intersectional Approach To Time Poverty: A Pilot Study Of Time Poverty And Black Women’S Perceived Health Based On Semi-Structured Interviews, Lauriane Ngaya Fonkou

McNair Scholars Program

The term “time poor” describes people disproportionately burdened by responsibilities and inflexible work schedules resulting in little to no discretionary time. Time poverty was brought to my attention via the social media app TikTok where Black women creators expressed how time poverty affects them. Given that Black women are an especially vulnerable population in terms of health, I became curious about the relationship between time poverty and Black women’s health. However, the existing sociomedical science literature on time poverty does NOT adequately account for Black women’s subjectivity because the research considers mediators of class OR gender OR race ...


Pregnancy And Substance Use, Elise Withers, Krista Thompson, Emily Hamilton, Maren Wright Voss 2021 Utah State University

Pregnancy And Substance Use, Elise Withers, Krista Thompson, Emily Hamilton, Maren Wright Voss

All Current Publications

The use of alcohol and other harmful substances, such as cocaine, opioids, and marijuana during pregnancy has increased over the last decades (Sebastiani et al., 2018). Using these substances can be very harmful to the unborn baby and mother (Viteri et al., 2015). This fact sheet covers (1) the consequences of substance use and (2) the current recommendations for substance use during pregnancy.


Compassionate Indifference, Judith Sullivan 2021 Zero Balancing Health Association

Compassionate Indifference, Judith Sullivan

The International Journal of Zero Balancing and Transformative Touch

ABSTRACT

How to turn a not-so-good treatment into an excellent treatment with presence, relaxation and compassionate indifference.


Direct Maternal Morbidity And The Risk Of Pregnancy-Related Deaths, Stillbirths, And Neonatal Deaths In South Asia And Sub-Saharan Africa: A Population-Based Prospective Cohort Study In 8 Countries, Imran Ahmed, Shabina Ariff, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Muhammad Ilyas, Fyezah Jehan, Usma Mehmood, Karim Muhammad, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Yaqub Wasan, Anita K. M. Zaidi 2021 Aga Khan University

Direct Maternal Morbidity And The Risk Of Pregnancy-Related Deaths, Stillbirths, And Neonatal Deaths In South Asia And Sub-Saharan Africa: A Population-Based Prospective Cohort Study In 8 Countries, Imran Ahmed, Shabina Ariff, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Muhammad Ilyas, Fyezah Jehan, Usma Mehmood, Karim Muhammad, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Yaqub Wasan, Anita K. M. Zaidi

Woman and Child Health

Background: Maternal morbidity occurs several times more frequently than mortality, yet data on morbidity burden and its effect on maternal, foetal, and newborn outcomes are limited in low- and middle-income countries. We aimed to generate prospective, reliable population-based data on the burden of major direct maternal morbidities in the antenatal, intrapartum, and postnatal periods and its association with maternal, foetal, and neonatal death in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa.
Methods and findings: This is a prospective cohort study, conducted in 9 research sites in 8 countries of South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. We conducted population-based surveillance of women of reproductive ...


A Hidden Crisis During Covid-19: How Have Intimate Partner Violence Screening Guidelines For Pregnant Patients Changed Since The Start Of The Global Covid-19 Pandemic?, Zayba Z. Afshar 2021 Portland State University

A Hidden Crisis During Covid-19: How Have Intimate Partner Violence Screening Guidelines For Pregnant Patients Changed Since The Start Of The Global Covid-19 Pandemic?, Zayba Z. Afshar

University Honors Theses

Abstract

Introduction: Due to the risks of pregnancy outcomes in relation to IPV and the increased rates of IPV as a result of COVID-19 precautions, health care screening for IPV in the prenatal process is even more imperative for preventing negative healthcare outcomes for both the pregnant patient and children.

Background: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a significant public health issue that puts both baby and pregnant patients at risk for severe negative healthcare outcomes. Healthcare screening is a tool to find a condition or to learn more about a patient before symptoms become severe.

Methods: Screening for IPV and ...


Reshaping African American Women's Birthing Experience, Kiana Bulloch 2021 University of Washington Tacoma

Reshaping African American Women's Birthing Experience, Kiana Bulloch

Global Honors Theses

In the United States, African American women are two to three times more likely to die from pregnancy-related complications than any other race or ethnic group. The high maternal mortality rate has continued to be a global problem. The maternal mortality rate (MMR) is a universal measurement of registered maternal deaths due to birth or pregnancy-related complications. The U.S. has continued to have an MMR well above the global average despite establishing interventions in socio-economic gaps. In an effort to decrease MMR, the United Nations proposed a global plan to decrease maternal mortality by 75% as one of the ...


The Ways In Which Women’S Suffrage Affected Healthcare, Madison M. Weber 2021 St. John Fisher College

The Ways In Which Women’S Suffrage Affected Healthcare, Madison M. Weber

The Review: A Journal of Undergraduate Student Research

The 19th Amendment had and continues to have a major impact on women’s healthcare in the United States. Prior to suffrage, women had little to no ability to voice their thoughts on and change policies that regarded their own health. This essay addresses the way in which the vote both directly and indirectly impacted healthcare; including workplace conditions, maternal and reproductive rights, racial disparities, political advocacy and healthcare, the different waves of feminism, and how this has all affected modern healthcare for women. From progressive articles being published in women's magazines, to the establishment of marital rape, to ...


Evaluating Motor Performance With The Bruininks-Oseretsky Test Of Motor Proficiency In Impoverished Pakistani Children, Zehra Habib Hasan, Fariha Shaheen, Arjumand Rizvi, Jelena Obradovic, Aisha Khan Yousafzai 2021 Aga Khan University

Evaluating Motor Performance With The Bruininks-Oseretsky Test Of Motor Proficiency In Impoverished Pakistani Children, Zehra Habib Hasan, Fariha Shaheen, Arjumand Rizvi, Jelena Obradovic, Aisha Khan Yousafzai

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

Objective: To evaluate the sensitivity of the modified Brief Form of Bruininks Oseretsky Test in identifying motor differences secondary to malnutrition and poverty.
Methods: This longitudinal cohort study was conducted at Nowshero Feroze, Sindh from 2013 to 2014 and comprised data drawn from children who participated in a randomised controlled trial, that assessed responsive stimulation and nutrition interventions in the first two years of life. Outcome measures included motor development assessed using Brief Form of Bruininks Oseretsky Test, child anthropometry and household economic and demographic information. Data was analysed using SPSS 15 and STATA 12.
Results: Of the 1058 children ...


Clinical, Neuroimaging, And Molecular Spectrum Of Tecpr2-Associated Hereditary Sensory And Autonomic Neuropathy With Intellectual Disability, Sonja Neuser, Barbara Brechmann, Gali Heimer, Ines Brösse, Susanna Schubert, Lauren O'Grady, Michael Zech, Siddharth Srivastava, Shahnaz Ibrahim, Fatima Khan 2021 University of Leipzig Medical Center, Leipzig, Germany

Clinical, Neuroimaging, And Molecular Spectrum Of Tecpr2-Associated Hereditary Sensory And Autonomic Neuropathy With Intellectual Disability, Sonja Neuser, Barbara Brechmann, Gali Heimer, Ines Brösse, Susanna Schubert, Lauren O'Grady, Michael Zech, Siddharth Srivastava, Shahnaz Ibrahim, Fatima Khan

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

Bi-allelic TECPR2 variants have been associated with a complex syndrome with features of both a neurodevelopmental and neurodegenerative disorder. Here, we provide a comprehensive clinical description and variant interpretation framework for this genetic locus. Through international collaboration, we identified 17 individuals from 15 families with bi-allelic TECPR2-variants. We systemically reviewed clinical and molecular data from this cohort and 11 cases previously reported. Phenotypes were standardized using Human Phenotype Ontology terms. A cross-sectional analysis revealed global developmental delay/intellectual disability, muscular hypotonia, ataxia, hyporeflexia, respiratory infections, and central/nocturnal hypopnea as core manifestations. A review of brain magnetic resonance imaging scans ...


Poor Menstrual Hygiene Management: An Adverse Outcome Of Menstrual Stigmatisation In Pakistan, Rabia Maryam Mustafa, Asmat Zehra 2021 Aga Khan University

Poor Menstrual Hygiene Management: An Adverse Outcome Of Menstrual Stigmatisation In Pakistan, Rabia Maryam Mustafa, Asmat Zehra

Medical College Documents

No abstract provided.


Upstream Oncology: Identifying Social Determinants Of Health In A Gynecologic Oncology Population, Anne E. Nora, Megan E. McDonald, Craig H. Syrop, Michael L. Haugsdal 2021 University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine, Iowa City, Iowa

Upstream Oncology: Identifying Social Determinants Of Health In A Gynecologic Oncology Population, Anne E. Nora, Megan E. Mcdonald, Craig H. Syrop, Michael L. Haugsdal

Proceedings in Obstetrics and Gynecology

Introduction: Social determinants of health (SDoH) are the factors that affect a patient’s health quality and outcomes and contribute to health disparities. Evidence suggests that clinical care contributes only 20% to patients’ health outcomes, while the remainder is under the influence of upstream factors. The upstream approach to healthcare aims to address SDoH before they contribute to less ideal outcomes downstream. Several SDoH may contribute to outcomes for cancer patients. This Upstream Gynecologic Oncology Initiative seeks to identify which SDoH affect a population of patients with gynecologic malignancies.

Hypothesis: This study hypothesizes that women receiving care for gynecologic malignancies ...


Teachable Moments, John E. Franklin 2021 NA

Teachable Moments, John E. Franklin

The International Journal of Zero Balancing and Transformative Touch

A Veterinarian's Induction into the Feldenkrais Method and the Dynamic Systems Approach to the Development of Cognition and Action.


Impact Of Local Terminology On The Design Of A Community-Based Diagnostic And Management Algorithm For Postpartum Sepsis: Findings Of Formative Research, Shabina Ariff, Fatima Mir, Wafa Aftab, Farrukh Raza, Shujaat Zaidi, Sheraz Memon, Amnesty LeFevre, Linda A. Bartlett, Peter Winch, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta 2021 Aga Khan University

Impact Of Local Terminology On The Design Of A Community-Based Diagnostic And Management Algorithm For Postpartum Sepsis: Findings Of Formative Research, Shabina Ariff, Fatima Mir, Wafa Aftab, Farrukh Raza, Shujaat Zaidi, Sheraz Memon, Amnesty Lefevre, Linda A. Bartlett, Peter Winch, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

Background: Postpartum sepsis is one of the leading causes of maternal mortality and morbidity in developing countries. This formative research elicits local terms used for postpartum illnesses and symptoms of postpartum sepsis with the aim of improving postpartum diagnosis and management in Pakistan.
Methods: We conducted 34 in-depth interviews with recently delivered women (RDW), traditional birth attendants (TBAs), healthcare providers and family members of RDW from rural Sindh to explore local Sindhi terms used to describe postpartum sepsis and related symptoms. During interviews, all participants were asked to orally free list common symptoms of postpartum illnesses; those who were aware ...


Investigating The Effects Of Zero Balancing On The Physical, Mental, Emotional, And Spiritual Dimensions Of Wellness: A Phenomenological Mixed Methods Pilot Study, Misty L. Rhoads, Mary Murphy, Michele Doucette, Tom Gentile, Dylan Rhoads, Jacob Watson 2021 Eastern Illinois University

Investigating The Effects Of Zero Balancing On The Physical, Mental, Emotional, And Spiritual Dimensions Of Wellness: A Phenomenological Mixed Methods Pilot Study, Misty L. Rhoads, Mary Murphy, Michele Doucette, Tom Gentile, Dylan Rhoads, Jacob Watson

The International Journal of Zero Balancing and Transformative Touch

Background: Today, the necessity for relieving undue stress on the physical, mental, emotional, and spiritual levels is evident at this time of concomitant global crises from the pandemic, societal inequity, and climatic challenges. Methods to restore and enhance human well-being are critically needed.The study of overall wellness has not yet included the role that skilled, conscious touch may play in supporting the dimensions of wellness, an awareness of which this study seeks to elevate by exploring the effects of receiving positive touch on the physical, mental, emotional, and spiritual dimensions of wellness.

Methods: The researchers chose to utilize a ...


Review Of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (Fasd) Among Aboriginal And Torres Strait Islander People, Sharynne Hamilton, Michael Doyle, Carol Bower 2021 Telethon Kids Institute

Review Of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (Fasd) Among Aboriginal And Torres Strait Islander People, Sharynne Hamilton, Michael Doyle, Carol Bower

Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) is a preventable, lifelong disability that disproportionately affects Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. This review provides a comprehensive synthesis of the available information on FASD among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, with reference to the limitations on population-based data and evaluated programs. The review outlines; the harms of alcohol use in the context of colonisation, cultural perspectives on assessment and diagnosis, effective prevention programs and a summary of state and national policies. Health impacts, educational outcomes and the effects of FASD on vulnerable populations such as children in protection and young people in ...


Mindfulness-Based Interventions For Prenatal Stress, Anxiety, And Depression, Fiona Kate Rice 2021 Center for Mindfulness & Compassion at Cambridge Health Alliance, McLean Hospital, Mount Auburn Hospital Dept. of Psychiatry, Lesley University

Mindfulness-Based Interventions For Prenatal Stress, Anxiety, And Depression, Fiona Kate Rice

Expressive Therapies Capstone Theses

Pregnant people in the United States (US) face myriad barriers to resource accessibility when seeking support, including financial gatekeeping, discrimination, and cis-gendering of the process. Commodification of prenatal support is exhaustive and contributes to a growing exclusivity of traditionally accessible interventions designed to reduce stress, anxiety, and depression, and to promote positive fetal outcomes and parent-child bond. Mindfulness-based interventions are particularly appropriate for reducing stress, anxiety, and depression in pregnancy. Mindfulness-based interventions are intersectional, accessible means of pregnancy and childbirth support with evidence-based outcomes of positive birth experiences and results. Mindfulness is defined as nonjudgmental awareness of the present moment ...


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