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Clinical Pharmacy Services And Medication Utilization In Hospice Care, Aishwarya Kulkarni 2021 Duquesne University

Clinical Pharmacy Services And Medication Utilization In Hospice Care, Aishwarya Kulkarni

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Background: As discussed within the guidelines from the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP), pharmacists are an integral part of the hospice multidisciplinary team involved in optimizing the treatments. Methadone, a long-active opioid, is particularly useful in this population but may be clinically underutilized. Additionally, the cost share of medication utilization in hospice and palliative care is shifting towards hospice providers. The assessment of medication utilization and methadone use in this setting can help develop overall cost/clinical optimization strategies. Thus, there is a need to understand the use and expenditure of various medications and pharmacists' role in providing methadone ...


Why Some People Consume Counterfeit Drugs In Benin, Maxime A. Ahouansou 2020 Syracuse University

Why Some People Consume Counterfeit Drugs In Benin, Maxime A. Ahouansou

English Language Institute

Despite the threat counterfeit drugs represent to health and the government’s endeavor to discourage their consumption, some people in Benin still prefer buying medicine in the underground economy. This research purported to understand the causes of the phenomenon. The research method used a survey of a sample of sixty-eight people randomly selected at Cotonou, a city with a population representative of Benin general population status regarding socio-economic conditions. The data about people's habits regarding drug consumption, monthly income, insurance coverage, and reasons why people chose to buy counterfeit medicines were collected and analyzed using Excel Spreadsheet. The analysis ...


Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator Modulator Therapies In Cystic Fibrosis: A Retrospective Evaluation Of A Nationwide Specialty Pharmacy Database, Zumi Mehta 2020 Duquesne University

Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator Modulator Therapies In Cystic Fibrosis: A Retrospective Evaluation Of A Nationwide Specialty Pharmacy Database, Zumi Mehta

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Background: Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a progressive, genetic disorder caused by a mutation in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene. Patients with CF experience excessive mucus build up and infections leading to complications in the pancreas, lungs, and other organs. There has been a paradigm shift in the treatment of CF with the introduction of CFTR modulator therapies and given their high acquisition cost, assessing their economic burden along with the adherence rate of patients is imperative. Objective: (i) To assess the utilization of CFTR modulator therapies in a specialty pharmacy CF patient population and (ii) to calculate ...


Demographics Of Opioid Prescriptions, Isaac Linton, Simon Condliffe 2020 West Chester University of Pennsylvania

Demographics Of Opioid Prescriptions, Isaac Linton, Simon Condliffe

Economics & Finance Student Work

The author ran Linear Probability Model and Logistic Model regressions on data from the 2017 Medical Expenditures Panel Survey to determine demographics of opioid prescriptions. The dependent variable was opioid prescription received (Y/N) and independent variables included age, education level, relative income, race, insurance status, etc. Results of the regressions showed that people with public or private insurance are more likely to be prescribed an opioid, that the problem mainly affects white people, and that as educational attainment increases, likelihood of opioid prescription decreases.


Hypertension And Diabetes Treatment Affordability And Government Expenditures Following Changes In Patient Cost Sharing In The "Farmacia Popular" Program In Brazil: An Interrupted Time Series Study, Isabel Cristina Martins Emmerick, Monica Rodrigues Campos, Rondineli Mendes. da Silva, Luisa Arueira Chaves, Andrea Damaso Bertoldi, Dennis Ross-Degnan, Vera Lucia Luiza 2020 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Hypertension And Diabetes Treatment Affordability And Government Expenditures Following Changes In Patient Cost Sharing In The "Farmacia Popular" Program In Brazil: An Interrupted Time Series Study, Isabel Cristina Martins Emmerick, Monica Rodrigues Campos, Rondineli Mendes. Da Silva, Luisa Arueira Chaves, Andrea Damaso Bertoldi, Dennis Ross-Degnan, Vera Lucia Luiza

Surgery Publications

BACKGROUND: Increasing medicines availability and affordability is a key goal of Brazilian health policies. "Farmacia Popular" (FP) Program is one of the government's key strategies to achieve this goal. Under FP, antihypertension (HTN) and antiglycemic (DM) medicines have been provided at subsidized prices in private retail settings since 2006, and free of charge since 2011. We aim to assess the impact of sequential changes in FP benefits on patient affordability and government expenditures for HTN and DM treatment under the FP, and examine their implications for public financing mechanisms and program sustainability.

METHODS: Longitudinal, retrospective study using interrupted time ...


Development And Validation Of Predictive Risk And Multiple Criteria Decision Analysis Models To Evaluate Cardiovascular Outcomes Among Cancer Patients, Purva N. Parab 2020 Virginia Commonwealth University

Development And Validation Of Predictive Risk And Multiple Criteria Decision Analysis Models To Evaluate Cardiovascular Outcomes Among Cancer Patients, Purva N. Parab

Theses and Dissertations

Objective: The objectives of our study were to characterize the study population with cancer and cardiovascular diseases (CVD) both as compared to those without and to build a predictive model using machine learning (ML) algorithms that can predict the risk of CVD in cancer patients. In addition, our objective was also to evaluate characteristics associated with cardiotoxic adverse events of breast cancer therapies and develop a multiple criteria decision analysis (MCDA) model to conduct benefit-risk assessment of breast cancer therapy regimens. Methods: We used Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS) and FDA Adverse Events Reporting System (FAERS) 2005-2015 files along with ...


The Impact Of Bone Marrow Transplantion On Patients With Psychiatric Diagnoses: Medication Adherence Assessment, Brittany Galop 2020 University of Kentucky

The Impact Of Bone Marrow Transplantion On Patients With Psychiatric Diagnoses: Medication Adherence Assessment, Brittany Galop

Theses and Dissertations--Pharmacy

Objectives: We investigated whether there is a measurable difference in medication utilization for psychiatric conditions before and after bone marrow transplantation (BMT). Previous studies have identified a potential association between psychiatric conditions and immune function. We hypothesized that medication utilization for psychiatric diagnoses would be impacted by BMT.

Methods: This study was a retrospective, quasi-experimental cohort design. De-identified data was compiled from the Truven database for patients ranging from January 2009 through December 2016. Two measurements of medication utilization, proportion of days covered (PDC) and medication possession ratio (MPR) were calculated for each included Medispan-defined class of medications before analyzing ...


Multimorbidity, Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor Use, And Healthcare Expenditures Among Older Patients With Late-Stage Melanoma, Pragya Rai 2020 West Virginia University

Multimorbidity, Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor Use, And Healthcare Expenditures Among Older Patients With Late-Stage Melanoma, Pragya Rai

Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports

With decades of unchanged cancer care with no added survival benefit, immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI) changed the treatment landscape of late-stage melanoma in 2011. A key factor in determining the use of ICIs is the presence of pre-existing chronic conditions, which can influence the outcome. However, the prevalence of multimorbidity (defined as presence of two or more chronic conditions) among older patients with late-stage melanoma remains unknown. It also remains unknown if the presence of multimorbidity factors into the use of ICIs. Hospital-related factors associated with ICI use have been studied. Yet, patient-level factors, such as age, sex, marital status ...


Implementation Of A Pharmacist-Driven Prescription Delivery And Home Visitation Service In A Rural Community, Clayton L. Miller, Katie Westgerdes, Michael Rush, Karen L. Kier, Megan Stephan 2019 Ohio Northern University

Implementation Of A Pharmacist-Driven Prescription Delivery And Home Visitation Service In A Rural Community, Clayton L. Miller, Katie Westgerdes, Michael Rush, Karen L. Kier, Megan Stephan

Pharmacy Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Discussing The Future Of Drug Development And The Pharmaceutical Marketplace, Brittiany Feher, Brady Giles, Gina Jones, Karen Kier, Chet Kaczor 2019 Ohio Northern University

Discussing The Future Of Drug Development And The Pharmaceutical Marketplace, Brittiany Feher, Brady Giles, Gina Jones, Karen Kier, Chet Kaczor

Pharmacy and Wellness Review

No abstract provided.


Accountable Care Organizations: What Pharmacists Should Know, Kaitlin M. Horton, Rachel J. Pucel, Alison L. Streinbrunner, Lindsay A. Fleegle, Donald L. Sullivan 2019 Ohio Northern University

Accountable Care Organizations: What Pharmacists Should Know, Kaitlin M. Horton, Rachel J. Pucel, Alison L. Streinbrunner, Lindsay A. Fleegle, Donald L. Sullivan

Pharmacy and Wellness Review

No abstract provided.


Brazilian Generics Market Change After Farmacia Popular Program, Andrea Damaso Bertoldi, Luisa Arueira Chaves, Dennis Ross-Degnan, Vera Lucia Luiza, Isabel Cristina Martins Emmerick, Rondineli Mendes da Silva, Monica Rodrigues. Campos 2019 Federal University of Pelotas

Brazilian Generics Market Change After Farmacia Popular Program, Andrea Damaso Bertoldi, Luisa Arueira Chaves, Dennis Ross-Degnan, Vera Lucia Luiza, Isabel Cristina Martins Emmerick, Rondineli Mendes Da Silva, Monica Rodrigues. Campos

Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate trends in the use of generic and non-generic medicines to treat hypertension and diabetes under the Farmacia Popular Program (FP) and its impact on generic medicines sales volume and market share in the Brazilian pharmaceutical market.

METHODS: This longitudinal, retrospective study used interrupted time series design to analyze changes in monthly sales volume and proportion of medicines sales (market share) for oral antidiabetic and antihypertensive medicines for generic versus non-generic products. Analyses were conducted in a combined dataset that aggregate monthly sales volumes from the Farmacia Popular program and from the QuintilesIMS (IQVIA) national market sales data ...


Improving Healthcare Costs And Patient Outcomes Across Healthcare Professions, Hannah Lamb, Jourdan Ujlaki, Paige Torbet, Isabel Cwikla, Rebecca Worden, Michael Rush 2019 Ohio Northern University

Improving Healthcare Costs And Patient Outcomes Across Healthcare Professions, Hannah Lamb, Jourdan Ujlaki, Paige Torbet, Isabel Cwikla, Rebecca Worden, Michael Rush

Pharmacy and Wellness Review

Healthcare professionals must be aware of the importance of preventive medicine and the responsibility they have in contributing to it. There are three levels of preventive medicine that a healthcare professional can provide based on the patient population that is receiving care and the goals of the particular service. Preventive medicine has the ability to improve both overall healthcare costs and have a positive impact on a patient's quality of life. All healthcare professionals have the potential to fulfill a role in each level of preventive medicine, and should understand the role of each member of the healthcare team ...


Treatment Patterns And Economic Burden Of Sickle-Cell Disease Patients Prescribed Hydroxyurea: A Retrospective Claims-Based Study, Nirmish Shah, Menaka Bhor, Lin Xie, Rashid Halloway, Steve Arcona, Jincy Paulose, Huseyin Yuce 2019 Duke University

Treatment Patterns And Economic Burden Of Sickle-Cell Disease Patients Prescribed Hydroxyurea: A Retrospective Claims-Based Study, Nirmish Shah, Menaka Bhor, Lin Xie, Rashid Halloway, Steve Arcona, Jincy Paulose, Huseyin Yuce

Publications and Research

Background: This study aimed to evaluate sickle-cell disease (SCD) treatment patterns and economic burden among patients prescribed hydroxyurea (HU) in the US, through claims data.

Methods: SCD patients with pharmacy claims for HU were selected from the Medicaid Analytic Extracts (MAX) from January 1, 2009 - December 31, 2013. The first HU prescription during the identification period was defined as the index date and patients were required to have had continuous medical and pharmacy benefits for ≥6 months baseline and 12 months follow-up periods. Patient demographics, clinical characteristics, treatment patterns, health care utilization, and costs were examined, and variables were analyzed ...


Makena®: A Drug For Reducing The Risk Of Preterm Labor, Amanda Lovell, Kasie Bellman, Kelsey Fink, Jessica Beck, Michelle Musser 2019 Ohio Northern University

Makena®: A Drug For Reducing The Risk Of Preterm Labor, Amanda Lovell, Kasie Bellman, Kelsey Fink, Jessica Beck, Michelle Musser

Pharmacy and Wellness Review

Makena®, hydroxyprogesterone caproate, is an intramuscular injection that is U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved to reduce the risk of preterm delivery before 37 weeks of pregnancy in pregnant women with a history of spontaneous preterm birth, who are not currently carrying multiple children. One in nine babies born in the United States each year is born prematurely, or before 37 weeks gestation, and mothers who have previously delivered a premature baby are 2.5 times more likely to deliver another baby prematurely. Makena® is administered by a health care professional as a single intramuscular injection to the ...


Joint Annual Wellness Visit Scheduling, Rob Chamberlin, Jennifer Bliss, Andrea Lai, Paula Dougherty, Deb Swett, Logan Merrithew, Pam Stevens, Scott Williams 2019 Maine Medical Center

Joint Annual Wellness Visit Scheduling, Rob Chamberlin, Jennifer Bliss, Andrea Lai, Paula Dougherty, Deb Swett, Logan Merrithew, Pam Stevens, Scott Williams

Maine Medical Center

Problem/Impact Statement: The pharmacists in Scarborough & Westbrook Primary Care conduct Medicare Annual Wellness Visits (AWVs) with a physician. The pharmacist and physician see the patient individually. The practices achieved and sustained FY18 Joint AWV volume goals through a new process to reschedule physician-only AWVs to Joints AWVs with a pharmacist. This leads to reschedule rework and reduced time practice staff have for patient care.


Marketing Channel Effectiveness Of New Medications/Medical Technology, Hadley McCormick 2019 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Marketing Channel Effectiveness Of New Medications/Medical Technology, Hadley Mccormick

Celebration of Learning

This research project will study what marketing platforms/channels are most effective in the dissemination of new medical product news. Many people like myself have an illness/disease that requires daily medication, or require the daily use of a medical device. Due to the increasing influence of Direct to Consumer advertising of pharmaceuticals and the constant development of new medications and devices, patients may now more often go to the doctor with perceptions of what they should do to manage their illness/disease. This study aims to look at how the developers of these medications/medical devices promote their products ...


Ethnic And Demographic Differences In Colectomy Rates And Timing For Ulcerative Colitis: 2007-2014, Daniel Bodek, Alana Persaud, Brian Blair, Ahlawat Sushil 2019 Rowan University

Ethnic And Demographic Differences In Colectomy Rates And Timing For Ulcerative Colitis: 2007-2014, Daniel Bodek, Alana Persaud, Brian Blair, Ahlawat Sushil

Stratford Campus Research Day

Ulcerative Colitis (UC) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the bowel, with one third of patients requiring a colectomy for fulminant disease and tissue dysplasia. In 2007, infliximab was approved for induction and maintenance of remission in UC, with some evidence to suggest a potential reduction in colectomies. The aim of this study is to examine relative colectomy rates for UC among different ethnicities from 2007 to 2014 in order to evaluate for development of new trends or disparities.

Discrepancies in colectomy rates and timing are seen in our models which mirror closely findings in a prior study from 1999-2003 ...


The Landscape Of Cellular And Gene Therapy Products: Cost, Approvals, And Discontinuations, Vaishali Shukla, Enrique Seoane-Vazquez, Souhiela Fawaz, Lawrence M. Brown, Rosa Rodriguez-Monguio 2019 Chapman University

The Landscape Of Cellular And Gene Therapy Products: Cost, Approvals, And Discontinuations, Vaishali Shukla, Enrique Seoane-Vazquez, Souhiela Fawaz, Lawrence M. Brown, Rosa Rodriguez-Monguio

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Background The past 10 years witnessed a significant increase in the approval of cellular and gene therapy products worldwide. The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved 3 gene therapy products within the last 4 months of 2017. The objective of this study was to examine the approval characteristics, discontinuations and cost of all cellular and gene therapy products approved worldwide. Data and Methods We conducted an electronic search of approved cell and gene therapy products from the databases of the main drug regulatory agencies including the US Food and Drug Administration, the European Medicines Agency (EMA), the Korea Ministry ...


Predictors And Health Outcomes Of Treatment-Resistant Depression Among Adults With Chronic Non-Cancer Pain Conditions And Major Depressive Disorder, Drishti Shah 2019 West Virginia University

Predictors And Health Outcomes Of Treatment-Resistant Depression Among Adults With Chronic Non-Cancer Pain Conditions And Major Depressive Disorder, Drishti Shah

Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports

Understanding major depressive disorder (MDD) as a comorbidity in patients with chronic non-cancer pain conditions (CNPC) is of importance because of the high prevalence and well documented bi-directional relationship between MDD and pain. Furthermore, presence of CNPC among adults with MDD often reduces benefits of antidepressant therapy, thereby increasing the possibility of treatment resistance. Treatment-resistant depression (TRD) commonly defined as insufficient response to multiple antidepressant trials, often worsens depression and pain symptoms and can amplify the clinical and economic burden among adults with CNPC and MDD. Additionally, long-term opioid therapy (LTOT) may be prescribed at a higher rate to adults ...


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