Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Pharmaceutics and Drug Design Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

674 Full-Text Articles 1,526 Authors 151,580 Downloads 90 Institutions

All Articles in Pharmaceutics and Drug Design

Faceted Search

674 full-text articles. Page 31 of 32.

Pembuatan Sediaan Tablet Mengapung Famotidin Menggunakan Kompleks Polielektrolit Kitosan-Pektin Sebagai Bahan Matriks, Erny Sagita, Effionora Anwar, Silvia Surini 2011 Universitas Indonesia FMIPA, Departemen Farmasi

Pembuatan Sediaan Tablet Mengapung Famotidin Menggunakan Kompleks Polielektrolit Kitosan-Pektin Sebagai Bahan Matriks, Erny Sagita, Effionora Anwar, Silvia Surini

Majalah Ilmu Kefarmasian

Floating tablet is one of the drug delivery system retained in the stomach which aims to prolong the lag time of the drug in the stomach. This principle can be used to improve the efficacy of famotidine in treating diseases in the stomach The purpose of this research is to develop dosage form afloat by using Chitosan Pectin Electrolytes (PEC) as matrix then used as the matrix in tablet dosage form with famotidine as a drug model. PEC also combined with hydroxypropylmethylcellulose (HPMC) with different. PEC was also combined with hydroxypropilmethylcellulose (HPMC) in different concentrations. The results of the dissolution ...


Antispasmodic And Ca++ Antagonist Potential Of Marrubiin, A Labdane Type Diterpene From Phlomis Bracteosa, Javid Hussain, Riaz Ullah, Arif-ullah Khan, Fazal Mabood, Mohammad Raza Shah, Ahmed Al-Harrasi, Anwar Gilani 2011 Kohat University of Science and Technology, Kohat, Pakistan

Antispasmodic And Ca++ Antagonist Potential Of Marrubiin, A Labdane Type Diterpene From Phlomis Bracteosa, Javid Hussain, Riaz Ullah, Arif-Ullah Khan, Fazal Mabood, Mohammad Raza Shah, Ahmed Al-Harrasi, Anwar Gilani

Department of Biological & Biomedical Sciences

A tricyclic labdane type diterpene was isolated for the first time from ethyl acetate soluble part of Phlomis bracteosa. Its structure was confirmed by x-ray which was found to be marrubiin. When studied in isolated rabbit jejunum, marrubiin caused concentration-dependent relaxation of spontaneous and high K+ (80 mM)-induced contractions, like that caused by verapamil, indicating that marrubiin exhibits spasmolytic activity, possibly mediated through Ca++ channel blocking action.


Constructing A Critical Path For Product Development, Commercialization, And Access, Martha Brady 2011 Population Council

Constructing A Critical Path For Product Development, Commercialization, And Access, Martha Brady

HIV and AIDS

This brief discusses the Council's health technologies development and the product development path from conceptualization to market. It defines the steps in the Critical Path Framework, and examines activities at the preclinical and clinical stage.


Day Of Dialogue On Multipurpose Prevention Technologies: Toward Clarity In Nomenclature, Martha Brady, C. Elizabeth McGrory 2011 Population Council

Day Of Dialogue On Multipurpose Prevention Technologies: Toward Clarity In Nomenclature, Martha Brady, C. Elizabeth Mcgrory

Poverty, Gender, and Youth

The report summarizes a half-day meeting convened by the Population Council to clarify the wide variety of nomenclature and concepts associated with multipurpose prevention technologies (MPTs). The first section outlines where different types of products are reviewed within the FDA and existing processes that could be applied to MPTs. This is followed by a section that reviews what guidance exists and what else may be needed for review of products like MPTs that address two (or more) indications, including those with a single active, two actives, and multiple components. This meeting identified some of the specific opportunities and challenges for ...


Development And Evaluation Of Paclitaxel-Loaded Liposomal Formulations For Targeted Drug Delivery To Breast Cancer, Vinayagam Kannan 2010 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Development And Evaluation Of Paclitaxel-Loaded Liposomal Formulations For Targeted Drug Delivery To Breast Cancer, Vinayagam Kannan

Theses and Dissertations (ETD)

The objective of this work was to develop and evaluate paclitaxel-loaded liposomal formulations for targeted drug delivery to breast cancer. The liposomal formulation was optimized to maximize drug loading and physical stability. Cholesterol and saturated lipid content showed a negative influence on paclitaxel loading. Short-term stability studies showed that optimum drug-lipid ratio is necessary for adequate physical stability. Biodistribution studies in mouse xenografts bearing MDA-MB-231 breast cancer using near infrared fluorescence imaging showed that the accumulation of tumor vasculature targeted long-circulating liposomes (LCL) in the tumor was significantly less than non-targeted LCL at 48 h. The accumulation of these liposomes ...


Design Of Lipid And Polymeric Carriers For Nucleic Acid Delivery, Lin Zhu 2010 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Design Of Lipid And Polymeric Carriers For Nucleic Acid Delivery, Lin Zhu

Theses and Dissertations (ETD)

The objectives of the study were to investigate and develop lipid and polymeric carriers for nucleic acid delivery. These included: i) to develop novel cationic lipids for plasmid, oligonucleotide, and siRNA delivery; ii) to develop a novel polymeric delivery system, polyethylene glycol (PEG) based bio–conjugate, for oligonucleotide delivery; iii) to develop a novel bio–conjugate delivery system for siRNA delivery.

In Chapter 2, we discussed the barriers and strategies of nucleic acid delivery, as well as summarized the commonly used lipids, polymers, and the corresponding carriers in terms of their characteristics, applications, advantages and limitations.

Cationic lipids are most ...


Exhausted Or Unlicensed: Can Field-Of-Use Restrictions In Biotech License Agreements Still Prevent Off-Label Use Promotion After Quanta Computer?, Kristal M. Wicks 2010 Franklin Pierce Law Center

Exhausted Or Unlicensed: Can Field-Of-Use Restrictions In Biotech License Agreements Still Prevent Off-Label Use Promotion After Quanta Computer?, Kristal M. Wicks

The University of New Hampshire Law Review

[Excerpt] “In the biotechnology (biotech) industry, companies must be increasingly aware of their intellectual property and how their licensing strategies can impact their rights. When licensing patented technology, it is common practice for biotech companies to include restricted field-of-use provisions in their license agreements. Such provisions permit a licensee to only use licensed technology in a defined field and restrict use or development in another field. This licensing strategy plays an important role within the biotech industry because it allows companies to more effectively control their intellectual property and to more efficiently research and develop pharmaceutical products.

A problem that ...


Development And Evaluation Of Therapeutics In The Setting Of Radiation Injury, Karin Emmons Thompson 2010 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Development And Evaluation Of Therapeutics In The Setting Of Radiation Injury, Karin Emmons Thompson

Theses and Dissertations (ETD)

The possibility of an incident involving radiation exposure is at the forefront of public attention in the current global environment. With a greater number of entities possessing nuclear weapons and increased demand for nuclear power, the concern for uncontained exposure to radiation is increasing. In light of these developments, the need for treatments that may be easily stored and administered to large numbers of people who have been exposed to high doses of total body irradiation (TBI) is more urgent than ever before.

Our goal was to identify and develop novel, drug-like small molecules that would exhibit radiomitigating activity for ...


Nanosized Hydroxyapatite And Other Calcium Phosphates: Chemistry Of Formation And Application As Drug And Gene Delivery Agents, Vuk Uskoković, Dragan Uskoković 2010 Chapman University

Nanosized Hydroxyapatite And Other Calcium Phosphates: Chemistry Of Formation And Application As Drug And Gene Delivery Agents, Vuk Uskoković, Dragan Uskoković

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

The first part of this review looks at the fundamental properties of hydroxyapatite (HAP), the basic mineral constituent of mammalian hard tissues, including the physicochemical features that govern its formation by precipitation. A special emphasis is placed on the analysis of qualities of different methods of synthesis and of the phase transformations intrinsic to the formation of HAP following precipitation from aqueous solutions. This serves as an introduction to the second part and the main subject of this review, which relates to the discourse regarding the prospects of fabrication of ultrafine, nanosized particles based on calcium phosphate carriers with various ...


Psychiatric Taxonomy, Psychopharmacology And Big Pharma, Lisa Cosgrove 2010 University of Massachusetts Boston

Psychiatric Taxonomy, Psychopharmacology And Big Pharma, Lisa Cosgrove

Counseling and School Psychology Faculty Publication Series

Clinicians practicing today need to be aware of the ways in which the current industry-dominated climate may undermine the integrity of the scientific process and, thus, may compromise patient care. In the mental health field, corporate sponsorship bias can affect psychiatric taxonomy and clinical Practice Guidelines (CPG). Financial conflicts of interest (FCOI) can occur when there are financial associations between researchers, authors, or panel members developing psychiatric diagnostic and treatment guidelines, and the pharmaceutical industry, or when randomized clinical trials (RCTs) are industry funded. Therefore, clinicians need to be especially vigilant about the informed consent process when patients are prescribed ...


Preliminary Studies Into Dna Binding Capabilities Of Ruthenium Nitro Nitrosyl As Anti-Tumor Pro-Drugs, Natasha Hansson 2010 Seton Hall University

Preliminary Studies Into Dna Binding Capabilities Of Ruthenium Nitro Nitrosyl As Anti-Tumor Pro-Drugs, Natasha Hansson

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

The complex [Ru(bpy)z(NO)(N02)](PF6)2 was investigated as a potential anti­ tumor drug option. The nitrosyl group was displaced by reaction with azide ion in acetone to yield the solvento complex in situ. The products isolated from addition of a solution or slurry of guanine, adenine, cytosine or thiamine to the resulting [Ru(bpy)(N02)(acetone)t were investigated by electronic absorption spectroscopy, infra­ 1 red spectroscopy, H NMR spectroscopy and cyclic voltammetry. The results of the studies showed that guanine, adenine and thiamine form adducts with Ru(bpy)z(N02)(acetone)t. However, each base ...


Doxorubicin Loaded Polymeric Nanoparticulate Delivery System To Overcome Drug Resistance In Osteosarcoma, Michiro Susa, Arun K. Iyer, Keinosuke Ryu, Francis John Hornicek, Henry J. Mankin, Mansoor M. Amiji, Zhenfeng Duan 2010 Massachusetts General Hospital

Doxorubicin Loaded Polymeric Nanoparticulate Delivery System To Overcome Drug Resistance In Osteosarcoma, Michiro Susa, Arun K. Iyer, Keinosuke Ryu, Francis John Hornicek, Henry J. Mankin, Mansoor M. Amiji, Zhenfeng Duan

Mansoor M. Amiji

Background: Drug resistance is a primary hindrance for the efficiency of chemotherapy against osteosarcoma. Although chemotherapy has improved the prognosis of osteosarcoma patients dramatically after introduction of neo-adjuvant therapy in the early 1980's, the outcome has since reached plateau at approximately 70% for 5 year survival. The remaining 30% of the patients eventually develop resistance to multiple types of chemotherapy. In order to overcome both the dose-limiting side effects of conventional chemotherapeutic agents and the therapeutic failure incurred from multidrug resistant (MDR) tumor cells, we explored the possibility of loading doxorubicin onto biocompatible, lipid-modified dextran-based polymeric nanoparticles and evaluated ...


Inhibition Of Abcb1 (Mdr1) Expression By An Sirna Nanoparticulate Delivery System To Overcome Drug Resistance In Osteosarcoma, Michiro Susa, Arun K. Iyer, Keinosuke Ryu, Edwin Choi, Francis John Hornicek, Henry J. Mankin, Lara Milane, Mansoor M. Amiji, Zhenfeng Duan 2010 Massachusetts General Hospital

Inhibition Of Abcb1 (Mdr1) Expression By An Sirna Nanoparticulate Delivery System To Overcome Drug Resistance In Osteosarcoma, Michiro Susa, Arun K. Iyer, Keinosuke Ryu, Edwin Choi, Francis John Hornicek, Henry J. Mankin, Lara Milane, Mansoor M. Amiji, Zhenfeng Duan

Mansoor M. Amiji

Background: The use of neo-adjuvant chemotherapy in treating osteosarcoma has improved patients’ average 5 year survival rate from 20% to 70% in the past 30 years. However, for patients who progress after chemotherapy, its effectiveness diminishes due to the emergence of multi-drug resistance (MDR) after prolonged therapy. Methodology/Principal Findings: In order to overcome both the dose-limiting side effects of conventional chemotherapeutic agents and the therapeutic failure resulting from MDR, we designed and evaluated a novel drug delivery system for MDR1 siRNA delivery. Novel biocompatible, lipid-modified dextran-based polymeric nanoparticles were used as the platform for MDR1 siRNA delivery; and the ...


Minimum Agitation Speed For Solid Suspension And Mixing Time In A Torispherical -Bottomed Pharmaceutical Stirred Tank Under Different Baffling Conditions, Dilanji Bhagya Wijayasekara 2010 New Jersey Institute of Technology

Minimum Agitation Speed For Solid Suspension And Mixing Time In A Torispherical -Bottomed Pharmaceutical Stirred Tank Under Different Baffling Conditions, Dilanji Bhagya Wijayasekara

Theses

The minimum agitation speed, NS, required to just suspend solid particles dispersed in water was experimentally determined in this work for a glass-lined type of mixing tank provided with a torispherical bottom and agitated with a retreat-blade impeller under different baffling configurations. Ns for the same tank but equipped with a different agitation system, namely an axial impeller, was also experimentally determined for the purpose of comparing of performances of the two systems. The effect of impeller off- bottom clearance and the vessel's liquid level on the minimum agitation speed were also experimentally studied. Njs, was experimentally determined ...


Inhibition Of Abcb1 (Mdr1) Expression By An Sirna Nanoparticulate Delivery System To Overcome Drug Resistance In Osteosarcoma, Michiro Susa, Arun K. Iyer, Keinosuke Ryu, Edwin Choy, Francis J. Hornicek, Henry Mankin, Lara Milane, Mansoor M. Amiji, Zhenfeng Duan 2010 Massachusetts General Hospital

Inhibition Of Abcb1 (Mdr1) Expression By An Sirna Nanoparticulate Delivery System To Overcome Drug Resistance In Osteosarcoma, Michiro Susa, Arun K. Iyer, Keinosuke Ryu, Edwin Choy, Francis J. Hornicek, Henry Mankin, Lara Milane, Mansoor M. Amiji, Zhenfeng Duan

Pharmaceutical Sciences Faculty Publications

Background: The use of neo-adjuvant chemotherapy in treating osteosarcoma has improved patients’ average 5 year survival rate from 20% to 70% in the past 30 years. However, for patients who progress after chemotherapy, its effectiveness diminishes due to the emergence of multi-drug resistance (MDR) after prolonged therapy.

Methodology/Principal Findings: In order to overcome both the dose-limiting side effects of conventional chemotherapeutic agents and the therapeutic failure resulting from MDR, we designed and evaluated a novel drug delivery system for MDR1 siRNA delivery. Novel biocompatible, lipid-modified dextran-based polymeric nanoparticles were used as the platform for MDR1 siRNA delivery; and the ...


Undue Pharmaceutical Influence On Psychiatric Practice, Lisa Cosgrove, Harold J. Bursztajn 2010 University of Massachusetts Boston

Undue Pharmaceutical Influence On Psychiatric Practice, Lisa Cosgrove, Harold J. Bursztajn

Counseling and School Psychology Faculty Publication Series

Within the past few years, increasing concerns have arisen about the ways in which corporate sponsorship of clinical trials and continuing medical education activities may bias the information that is published and disseminated about the benefits and risks of medications. Questions have also been raised about the extent of industry influence on the American Psychiatric Association’s diagnostic and treatment guidelines—namely, its DSM and Clinical Practice Guidelines.


Tdiscovery And Development Of Novel Therapeutic Agents For Advanced Melanoma, Zhao Wang 2010 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Tdiscovery And Development Of Novel Therapeutic Agents For Advanced Melanoma, Zhao Wang

Theses and Dissertations (ETD)

Malignant melanoma is the most dangerous form of skin cancer and accounts for about 75% of skin cancer deaths. Once diagnosed at the metastatic stage, it has a very poor prognosis with a median survival rate of 6 months and a 5-year survival rate of less than 5%. In addition, melanoma has become an important public health hazard owing to its rising incidence, which has been well documented over the past 50 years. Currently there is no effective way to treat melanoma. It is highly resistant to existing chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and immunotherapy. Over the past 30 years, only two drugs ...


Discovery Of Quinic Acid Derivatives As Oral Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Kui Zeng 2010 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Discovery Of Quinic Acid Derivatives As Oral Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Kui Zeng

Theses and Dissertations (ETD)

Quinic acid (QA) esters found in hot water extracts of Uncaria tomentosa (a.k.a. Cat’s claw) exert anti-inflammatory activity through mechanisms involving inhibition of the pro-inflammatory transcription factor nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB). Herein, we described the synthesis and biological testing of novel QA derivatives. Inhibition of NF-κB was assessed using A549 (Type II alveolar epithelial-like) cells that stably express a secreted alkaline phosphatase (SEAP) reporter driven by an NF-κB response element. A549- NF-κB cells were stimulated with TNF-α (10 ng/mL) in the presence or absence of QA derivative for 18 hours followed by measurement of SEAP ...


Computational Pharmacology: Simulating Circuits Of The Brain For Drug Development, Patrick D. Roberts 2010 Portland State University

Computational Pharmacology: Simulating Circuits Of The Brain For Drug Development, Patrick D. Roberts

Systems Science Friday Noon Seminar Series

The pharmaceutical industry is approaching unsustainable research costs to develop new drug therapies for mental disease because of the high failure rate in clinical trials. These failures are due to limitations of pre-clinical studies in animal models that fail to predict the efficacy of new drugs in human subjects. The gap between pre-clinical trials and clinical trials is particularly difficult in complex mental diseases such as schizophrenia because of the complex dynamics of the brain and the multiple chemical pathways that drugs can affect.

However, many biological mechanisms associated with schizophrenia are now understood, and computational power and methods have ...


21st Century Healthcare - A New Scenario Needs New Rules Of The Game, Mian Atif Saeed 2010 None

21st Century Healthcare - A New Scenario Needs New Rules Of The Game, Mian Atif Saeed

Mian Atif Saeed

We are witnessing a changing paradigm of healthcare sector in view increasing pressure on governments to provide free healthcare to citizens and increasing cost-consciousness of governments/payers to address this public issue. This changing paradigm in healthcare requirements requires a holistic review of the legislative framework in which industry operates. All stakeholders and all applicable regulatory and legal frameworks need to be appraised in order to address the requirements of 21st century healthcare. Drug development is very risky, costly and lengthy process and inventors and investor deserve financial gains for their efforts. Pharmaceutical industry requires the money to keep investing ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress