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Analysis Of Sanitizer Rotation On The Susceptibility, Biofilm Forming Ability And Caco-2 Cell Adhesion And Invasion Of Listeria, Md Asfakur Rahman, Nirakar Sahoo, Veerachandra K. Yemmireddy 2022 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Analysis Of Sanitizer Rotation On The Susceptibility, Biofilm Forming Ability And Caco-2 Cell Adhesion And Invasion Of Listeria, Md Asfakur Rahman, Nirakar Sahoo, Veerachandra K. Yemmireddy

Biology Faculty Publications and Presentations

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of sanitizer use conditions on the susceptibility, biofilm forming ability and pathogenicity of Listeria monocytogenes. Two different strains of L. monocytogenes and a non-pathogenic L. innocua were exposed to sodium hypochlorite, benzalkonium chloride and peroxyacetic acid at different concentrations (4 to 512 ppm) and treatment times (30 s to 5 min), respectively. Under the tested conditions, no significant difference (p > 0.05) in reduction was observed among the three tested sanitizers. A reduction of 1 to 8 log CFU/mL was observed depending upon the sanitizer concentration and treatment times. The survived …


Metal Accumulation In Soils, Invertebrates, And Whiptail Lizards In The Northern Chihuahuan Desert, Allyson Benson-Pedraza 2022 University of Texas at El Paso

Metal Accumulation In Soils, Invertebrates, And Whiptail Lizards In The Northern Chihuahuan Desert, Allyson Benson-Pedraza

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

Smelting activities by the American Smelting and Refining Company (ASARCO) lead to the substantial release of metal pollution into the El Paso, Texas, and border cities region. To-date few studies have examined metal accumulation within vertebrate taxa in these areas. As reptiles are currently experiencing population declines globally for a variety of reasons including pollution, lizards were chosen to be evaluated for trace element (As, Cu, Cr, Cd, Pb, and Zn) concentrations. These metals were measured within soils, invertebrate prey items, and the livers of three species of whiptail lizards (Aspidoscelis) from the un-remediated University of Texas at El Paso …


Preclinical Development Of Novel Chemotherapeutic Agent Ac1lpszg: Formulation Optimization, In Vitro Characterization, And In Vivo Pharmacokinetics, Ritu Gupta 2022 Texas Southern University

Preclinical Development Of Novel Chemotherapeutic Agent Ac1lpszg: Formulation Optimization, In Vitro Characterization, And In Vivo Pharmacokinetics, Ritu Gupta

Dissertations (2016-Present)

Preclinical development of novel chemotherapeutic agent AC1LPSZG, a mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitor, involved development of sensitive reverse-phase ultra-performance liquid chromatography (UPLC) and LC-MS/MS methods for quantification of AC1LPSZG in in vitro study samples and rat plasma, respectively. Pharmacokinetic studies were done in SD rats after intravenous injection of cosolvent formulations. The resulting pharmacokinetic parameters were analyzed using non-compartmental analysis (NCA) and two-compartmental modeling. Poly (D, L-lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) is most used biodegradable synthetic polymer for nano drug delivery due to its non-toxic and biodegradable nature, and tunable release properties. PLGA nanoparticles (NPs) were prepared by ‘nanoprecipitation’ technique using …


Dibutyl Amine Detection, Quantification, And Removal With Iron(Ii)Tetrasulfophthalocyanine (Fetspc), Kyle Bittner 2022 East Tennessee State University

Dibutyl Amine Detection, Quantification, And Removal With Iron(Ii)Tetrasulfophthalocyanine (Fetspc), Kyle Bittner

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Pesticide testing is of practical interest in various areas of today’s world due to their prevalence and toxicity. These areas include agriculture, environmental, chemical plants, and many others. Herbicides, like Roundup, contain secondary amines such as glyphosate. The ability to detect secondary amines could offer a method for glyphosate detection in agricultural and environmental samples. Secondary amines can interact with metal complexes through electron charge transfer. Such interactions can cause a change in the metal’s electron configuration and energy state and can be seen in the UV-Vis spectrum. Metal phthalocyanines (MPc’s) and other organometallic complexes have been of interest for …


Validation Of The 40 Hz Auditory Steady State Response As A Pharmacodynamic Biomarker Of Evoked Neural Synchrony, Muhammad Ummear Raza 2022 East Tennessee State University

Validation Of The 40 Hz Auditory Steady State Response As A Pharmacodynamic Biomarker Of Evoked Neural Synchrony, Muhammad Ummear Raza

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Schizophrenia is a troubling and severe mental illness that is only incompletely treated by currently available drugs. New drug development is hindered by a scarcity of functionally relevant pharmacodynamic biomarkers that are translatable across preclinical and human subjects. Although psychosis is a major feature of schizophrenia, cognitive and negative symptoms determine the long-term functional outcomes for patients. Stimulus-evoked neural synchrony at gamma (~ 40 Hz) frequency plays an important role in the processing and integration of sensory information. Not surprisingly, schizophrenia patients show deficits in gamma oscillations. NMDA receptor (NMDAR) activation on fast-spiking parvalbumin-positive interneurons is deemed important for the …


Bioaccumulation Of As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Pb, Zn In Ambrosia Artemisiifolia L. In The Polluted Area By Enterprise For The Production And Processing Of Batteries, Ryzhenko Nataliia, El Amrani Abdelhak, Michelle Giltrap, Furong Tian, Volodymyr Laptev 2022 Universite Rennes I

Bioaccumulation Of As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Pb, Zn In Ambrosia Artemisiifolia L. In The Polluted Area By Enterprise For The Production And Processing Of Batteries, Ryzhenko Nataliia, El Amrani Abdelhak, Michelle Giltrap, Furong Tian, Volodymyr Laptev

Articles

In this paper, the concentration of As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Pb, Zn was investigated in soil and Ambrosia artemisiifolia L. sampling from polluted cite near the enterprises for the production and processing of batteries in the city of Dnipro in Ukraine. The obtained results of the study provided to assess plants regarding bio-monitoring and phytoremediation. Although Ambrosia artemisiifolia L. is a weed that causes serious allergic reactions in humans, this species can also have a high bioaccumulative capacity regarding metals. The metals’ concentration in roots was scientifically higher than in inflorescence part. Zn and Cu had the highest …


Phytochemicals, Acute Toxicity And Genotoxicity Of Chewing Sticks From Zanthoxylum Zanthoxyloides Root And Distemonanthus Benthamianus Stem, Chinwe S. Alaribe, Akolade R. Oladipupo, Anjola T. Adebesin, Omolayomi Kaska, Emuejevoke T. Toye 2022 Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Lagos, Nigeria.

Phytochemicals, Acute Toxicity And Genotoxicity Of Chewing Sticks From Zanthoxylum Zanthoxyloides Root And Distemonanthus Benthamianus Stem, Chinwe S. Alaribe, Akolade R. Oladipupo, Anjola T. Adebesin, Omolayomi Kaska, Emuejevoke T. Toye

Bulletin of Faculty of Pharmacy Cairo University

Dental caries has been reported to touch almost half of the world’s population, making it one of the most prevalent disease conditions in the world. Studies have shown that chewing sticks could be useful in cleaning of teeth and could offer protection against dental conditions, including caries. Given the increasing usage of chewing sticks and their unstandardized nature, in this study we investigated the acute toxicity, genotoxic effects on liver and kidney, and phytochemical constituents of chewing sticks from Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides root and Distemonanthus benthamianus stem, widely used in West Africa. Chemical tests showed the presence of saponins, alkaloids, flavonoids, …


Electrospray Deposition Of Polyvinylidene Fluoride (Pvdf) Microparticles: Impact Of Solvents And Flow Rate, Akinwunmi Joaquim, Omari Paul, Michael Ibezim, Dewayne Johnson, April Falconer, Ying Wu, Frances Williams, Richard Mu 2022 Tennessee State University

Electrospray Deposition Of Polyvinylidene Fluoride (Pvdf) Microparticles: Impact Of Solvents And Flow Rate, Akinwunmi Joaquim, Omari Paul, Michael Ibezim, Dewayne Johnson, April Falconer, Ying Wu, Frances Williams, Richard Mu

TIGER Institute Faculty Research

Polymeric microparticles have been shown to have great impacts in the area of drug delivery, biosensing, and tissue engineering. Electrospray technology, which provides a simple yet effective technique in the creation of microparticles, was utilized in this work. In addition, altering the electrospray experimental parameters such as applied voltage, flow rate, collector distance, solvents, and the polymer-solvent mixtures can result in differences in the size and morphology of the produced microparticles. The effects of the flow rate at (0.15, 0.3, 0.45, 0.6, 0.8, and 1 mL/h) and N, N-Dimethylformamide (DMF)/acetone solvent ratios (20:80, 40:60, 60:40, 80:20, 100:0 v/v) in the …


Detection Of Microcystin Aerosol Particles, Alexis D. Dabney 2022 University of South Carolina

Detection Of Microcystin Aerosol Particles, Alexis D. Dabney

Theses and Dissertations

Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs) are a growing global concern due to their increased prevalence and magnitude, frequency, and duration in affecting both aquatic ecosystems and human health (Brooks et al. 2015). In a series of experiments, lab-generated aerosol particles containing Microcystis and Microseira were captured using filters to analyze for concentrations of Microcystin, Saxitoxin, and Lyngbya toxins. The solutions were found to contain aerosols but did not contain detectable levels of Microcystin, Saxitoxin, and Lyngbya toxins following analysis by HPLC-MS. While the techniques for generating aerosols were shown to be effective, the generation and analysis of toxins did not produce …


Biomimetic Strategies To Control Therapeutic Release From Novel Dna Nanoparticles, Robert J. Mosley 2022 Rowan University

Biomimetic Strategies To Control Therapeutic Release From Novel Dna Nanoparticles, Robert J. Mosley

Theses and Dissertations

The inherent chemical, mechanical, and structural properties of nucleic acids make them ideal candidates for the formulation of tunable, personalized drug nanocarriers. However, none so far have exploited these properties for the controlled release of therapeutic drugs. In this dissertation, a biomimetic approach to controlling drug release is exhibited by specifically manipulating the architecture of novel, DNA nanoparticles to take advantage of drug binding mechanisms of action. Rationally designed DNA strands were immobilized on gold surfaces via a terminal thiol modification. Immobilized monomers can be manipulated to form distinct monolayer architectures including flat, folded, coiled, or stretched structures. Increasing the …


Urinary Aflatoxin M1 Concentration And Its Determinants In School-Age Children In Southern Ethiopia, Tafere Gebreegziabher Belay, Melanie Dean, Elilta Elias, Workneh Tsegaye, Barbara J. Stoecker 2022 Central Washington University

Urinary Aflatoxin M1 Concentration And Its Determinants In School-Age Children In Southern Ethiopia, Tafere Gebreegziabher Belay, Melanie Dean, Elilta Elias, Workneh Tsegaye, Barbara J. Stoecker

All Faculty Scholarship for the College of Education and Professional Studies

Aflatoxins are mycotoxins that can contaminate grains, legumes, and oil seeds. These toxic compounds are an especially serious problem in tropical and sub-tropical climates. The objective of this study was to raise awareness of aflatoxin exposure among primary school children in Shebedino woreda, southern Ethiopia, by measuring urinary aflatoxin M1 (AFM1). The study employed a cross-sectional design and systematic random sampling of children from eight schools in the district. The mean ± SD age of the children was 9.0 ± 1.8 years. Most (84.6%) households were food insecure with 17.9% severely food insecure. Urinary AFM1 was detected in more than …


An Investigation Into Use Of Natural Mistletoe Extracts And Their Formulations As Potential Anti-Cancer Treatments In Human Carcinomas, Rebecca Healy, Anne M. Friel 2022 Technological University of the Shannon: Midlands Midwest

An Investigation Into Use Of Natural Mistletoe Extracts And Their Formulations As Potential Anti-Cancer Treatments In Human Carcinomas, Rebecca Healy, Anne M. Friel

SURE_J: Science Undergraduate Research Journal

Cancer is a prevalent disease that is responsible for around 10 million deaths a year. Cases and deaths will continue to rise daily if nothing is done to find the most effective treatment. Mistletoe is an evergreen, semi-parasitic plant that grows on trees. This plant contains a number of biologically active compounds that contribute to its anti-cancer properties e.g., lectins. Mistletoe is obtained from nature and has been shown to be safe, potent, and effective in treating cancer. Herein we review the biological effects of mistletoe on cancer cells, formulations that can be used in cancer treatment and discuss the …


Knowledge And Attitudes Of Pharmacogenetics Among Canadian Nurses: Implications For Nursing Education, Noopur Swadas, Sarah Dewell, Sandra J. Davidson 2022 University of Calgary

Knowledge And Attitudes Of Pharmacogenetics Among Canadian Nurses: Implications For Nursing Education, Noopur Swadas, Sarah Dewell, Sandra J. Davidson

Quality Advancement in Nursing Education - Avancées en formation infirmière

Pharmacogenetic testing is used to tailor medication recommendations based on an individual's genetic makeup. Increased precision in prescribing medication through the use of genetics leads to a reduction in adverse drug reactions resulting in decreased morbidity and mortality. Due to the noted benefits to patient health outcomes and reduction in healthcare costs, a growing number of Canadian health centers and community pharmacies are beginning to offer pharmacogenetic testing. Previous studies indicate that Canadian nurses have minimal education in genomics; however, there has been an increase in attention to nursing roles in the implementation of genomic health practices in recent years. …


Biowill - Characterising Willow Bark Bio-Actives For Skin Therapies, Arnold Marisa 2022 Department of Biological and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Munster Technological University, Kerry, Ireland

Biowill - Characterising Willow Bark Bio-Actives For Skin Therapies, Arnold Marisa

ORBioM (Open Research BioSciences Meeting)

Willow bark is considered as a disposable by-product when processing willow for biomass. Willow (Salix) is known to contain high value bioactive compounds which include salicin and its derivatives, and other phytochemicals of interest such as polyphenols and flavonoids. The plant is historically known as the primary source of salicylates to which the well-known drug aspirin is derived from. The work forms part of the Interreg project BioWILL, which is focused on integrated “Zero Waste” biorefinery utilising all fractions of willow feedstock for the production of biochemicals and renewable energy. This project aims to investigate the crude and …


Corrigendum To “The Impact Of The Rare Disease And Orphan Drug Act In Taiwan” [J Food Drug Anal 29 (2021) 717-725], 2022 Taiwan Food and Drug Administration

Corrigendum To “The Impact Of The Rare Disease And Orphan Drug Act In Taiwan” [J Food Drug Anal 29 (2021) 717-725]

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

No abstract provided.


The Study Of Distribution Of Ingested Terbinafine On Skin With Ambient Ionization Tandem Mass Spectrometry, Yi-Tzu Cho, Hung Su, Ching-Ying Wu, Jingyueh Jeng, Chi-Wei Lee, Deng‐Chyang Wu, Tiao-Lai Huang, Jentaie Shiea 2022 Department of Cosmetic Applications and Management, Yuh-Ing Junior College of Health Care & Management, No. 15, Ln. 420, Dachang 2nd Rd. Sanmin Dist., Kaohsiung 807634, Taiwan

The Study Of Distribution Of Ingested Terbinafine On Skin With Ambient Ionization Tandem Mass Spectrometry, Yi-Tzu Cho, Hung Su, Ching-Ying Wu, Jingyueh Jeng, Chi-Wei Lee, Deng‐Chyang Wu, Tiao-Lai Huang, Jentaie Shiea

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

We aim to develop an efficient and non-invasive strategy for monitoring of drugs and their metabolites via human skin. Probe sampling was combined with thermal desorption-electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (TD-ESI/MS/MS) to characterize trace terbinafine, which was secreted on patient’s skin after ingesting terbinafine tablets. The terbinafine ion signals were directly detected in the samples collected from different skin regions and the signals were monitored for 8 weeks. The detection and location of terbinafine via the skin suggest that the methods are useful in rapidly and noninvasively collecting the molecular information of the ingested drug on skin for pharmacokinetic studies.


Chemiluminescence Of Lucigenin-Tetracycline And Itsapplication For Sensitive Determination Of Procyanidin, Shuai Quan, Kaixiang Ji, Fangshuo Liu, Tesfaye Hailemariam Barkae, Mohamed Ibrahim Halawa, Saima Hanif, Baohua Lou, Jianping Li, Guobao Xu 2022 College of Chemistry and Bioengineering, Guilin University of Technology, Guilin, 541004, China

Chemiluminescence Of Lucigenin-Tetracycline And Itsapplication For Sensitive Determination Of Procyanidin, Shuai Quan, Kaixiang Ji, Fangshuo Liu, Tesfaye Hailemariam Barkae, Mohamed Ibrahim Halawa, Saima Hanif, Baohua Lou, Jianping Li, Guobao Xu

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

Tetracycline was reported to trigger intense lucigenin chemiluminescence (CL). Based on its significant quenching to lucigenin-tetracycline CL, procyanidin was detected. The mechanism of the lucigenin-tetracycline CL and its quenching by procyanidin were proposed. Under the optimum conditions, the calibration curve is linear in the range of 10-1000 nM for procyanidin with a detection limit of 4.4 nM. The RSD for nine replicate determinations of procyanidin was less than 1.7%. Moreover, this method was satisfactorily applied to the determination of procyanidin in human urine samples and health food capsule of grape seed.


Quantitation Of Mycophenolic Acid And Metabolites By Uplc-Ms/Ms In Renal Transplant Patients, Yun-Fen Huang, Ya-Ching Huang, Hsiao-Chen Ning, Chia-Ni Lin 2022 Department of Laboratory Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou, Taoyuan, Taiwan

Quantitation Of Mycophenolic Acid And Metabolites By Uplc-Ms/Ms In Renal Transplant Patients, Yun-Fen Huang, Ya-Ching Huang, Hsiao-Chen Ning, Chia-Ni Lin

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

Mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) and enteric-coated mycophenolate sodium (EC-MPS), specific inhibitors of lymphocyte proliferation, are commonly used as adjuvant therapy with calcineurin inhibitor agents after kidney transplantation. After administration, MMF and EC-MPS are hydrolyzed to mycophenolic acid (MPA), the active form of the drug, which must be monitored due to its narrow therapeutic window, drug–drug interactions, and large intra-and inter-individual pharmacokinetic variability despite a fixed dose. Monitoring plasma MPA level is recommended to maintain the drug within the therapeutic window, optimize its efficacy, and minimize side effects. This study aims to develop a method for quantifying MPA and its major metabolites …


Camphorataimide B Suppresses The Metastasis Of Human Colorectal Cancer Cell By Inhibiting Smad/Fak/Akt Axis And Promoting Degradation Of Snail/Bmp4 Complex, Chi-Chou Huang, Chia-Hung Hung, Yi-Ju Lee, Tsui-Hwa Tseng, Yean-Jang Lee, Shao-Hsuan Kao, Chau-Jong Wang 2022 Department of Colorectal Surgery, Chung Shan Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan

Camphorataimide B Suppresses The Metastasis Of Human Colorectal Cancer Cell By Inhibiting Smad/Fak/Akt Axis And Promoting Degradation Of Snail/Bmp4 Complex, Chi-Chou Huang, Chia-Hung Hung, Yi-Ju Lee, Tsui-Hwa Tseng, Yean-Jang Lee, Shao-Hsuan Kao, Chau-Jong Wang

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

Camphorataimide B (CamB) has anticancer activities against several tumors. Here, we aimed to investigate the mechanism(s) by which CamB inhibits metastasis of colorectal cancer (CRC) cells. Low-dose CamB did not affect the cell viability and cell cycle progression of CRC cells, but significantly inhibited the metastatic potentials of CRC cells. Mechanically, CamB reduced the protein and mRNA expression of BMP4, and inhibited Smad and FAK/Src/Akt signaling. CamB also decreased Snail levels by promoting its degradation via proteasome and thereafter reduced Snail-mediated BMP4 transcription. Moreover, CamB considerably inhibited the in vivo metastasis of DLD-1 cells in xenograft mice.


Orally Delivered Perilla (Perilla Frutescens) Leaf Extract Effectively Inhibits Sars-Cov-2 Infection In A Syrian Hamster Model, Yuan-Fan Chin, Wen-Fan Tang, Yu-Hsiu Chang, Tein-Yao Chang, Wen-Chin Lin, Chia-Yi Lin, Chuen-Mi Yang, Hsueh-Ling Wu, Ping-Cheng Li, Jun-Ren Sun, Shu-Chen Hsu, Chia-Ying Lee, Hsuan-Ying Lu, Jia-Yu Chang, Jia-Rong Jheng, Cheng Cheung Chen, Jyh-Hwa Kau, Chih-Heng Huang, Cheng-Hsun Chiu, Yi-Jen Hung, Hui-Ping Tsai, Jim-Tong Horng 2022 Institute of Preventive Medicine, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan

Orally Delivered Perilla (Perilla Frutescens) Leaf Extract Effectively Inhibits Sars-Cov-2 Infection In A Syrian Hamster Model, Yuan-Fan Chin, Wen-Fan Tang, Yu-Hsiu Chang, Tein-Yao Chang, Wen-Chin Lin, Chia-Yi Lin, Chuen-Mi Yang, Hsueh-Ling Wu, Ping-Cheng Li, Jun-Ren Sun, Shu-Chen Hsu, Chia-Ying Lee, Hsuan-Ying Lu, Jia-Yu Chang, Jia-Rong Jheng, Cheng Cheung Chen, Jyh-Hwa Kau, Chih-Heng Huang, Cheng-Hsun Chiu, Yi-Jen Hung, Hui-Ping Tsai, Jim-Tong Horng

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

On analyzing the results of cell-based assays, we have previously shown that perilla (Perilla frutescens) leaf extract (PLE), a food supplement and orally deliverable traditional Chinese medicine approved by the Taiwan Food and Drug Administration, effectively inhibits SARS-CoV-2 by directly targeting virions. PLE was also found to modulate virus-induced cytokine expression levels. In this study, we explored the anti-SARS-CoV-2 activity of PLE in a hamster model by examining viral loads and virus-induced immunopathology in lung tissues. Experimental animals were intranasally challenged with different SARS-CoV-2 doses. Jugular blood samples and lung tissue specimens were obtained in the acute disease stage (3−4 …


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