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Biowill - Characterising Willow Bark Bio-Actives For Skin Therapies, Arnold Marisa 2022 Department of Biological and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Munster Technological University, Kerry, Ireland

Biowill - Characterising Willow Bark Bio-Actives For Skin Therapies, Arnold Marisa

ORBioM (Open Research BioSciences Meeting)

Willow bark is considered as a disposable by-product when processing willow for biomass. Willow (Salix) is known to contain high value bioactive compounds which include salicin and its derivatives, and other phytochemicals of interest such as polyphenols and flavonoids. The plant is historically known as the primary source of salicylates to which the well-known drug aspirin is derived from. The work forms part of the Interreg project BioWILL, which is focused on integrated “Zero Waste” biorefinery utilising all fractions of willow feedstock for the production of biochemicals and renewable energy. This project aims to investigate the crude and processed bark ...


Corrigendum To “The Impact Of The Rare Disease And Orphan Drug Act In Taiwan” [J Food Drug Anal 29 (2021) 717-725], 2022 Taiwan Food and Drug Administration

Corrigendum To “The Impact Of The Rare Disease And Orphan Drug Act In Taiwan” [J Food Drug Anal 29 (2021) 717-725]

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

No abstract provided.


The Study Of Distribution Of Ingested Terbinafine On Skin With Ambient Ionization Tandem Mass Spectrometry, Yi-Tzu Cho, Hung Su, Ching-Ying Wu, Jingyueh Jeng, Chi-Wei Lee, Deng‐Chyang Wu, Tiao-Lai Huang, Jentaie Shiea 2022 Department of Cosmetic Applications and Management, Yuh-Ing Junior College of Health Care & Management, No. 15, Ln. 420, Dachang 2nd Rd. Sanmin Dist., Kaohsiung 807634, Taiwan

The Study Of Distribution Of Ingested Terbinafine On Skin With Ambient Ionization Tandem Mass Spectrometry, Yi-Tzu Cho, Hung Su, Ching-Ying Wu, Jingyueh Jeng, Chi-Wei Lee, Deng‐Chyang Wu, Tiao-Lai Huang, Jentaie Shiea

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

We aim to develop an efficient and non-invasive strategy for monitoring of drugs and their metabolites via human skin. Probe sampling was combined with thermal desorption-electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (TD-ESI/MS/MS) to characterize trace terbinafine, which was secreted on patient’s skin after ingesting terbinafine tablets. The terbinafine ion signals were directly detected in the samples collected from different skin regions and the signals were monitored for 8 weeks. The detection and location of terbinafine via the skin suggest that the methods are useful in rapidly and noninvasively collecting the molecular information of the ingested drug on skin ...


Chemiluminescence Of Lucigenin-Tetracycline And Itsapplication For Sensitive Determination Of Procyanidin, Shuai Quan, Kaixiang Ji, Fangshuo Liu, Tesfaye Hailemariam Barkae, Mohamed Ibrahim Halawa, Saima Hanif, Baohua Lou, Jianping Li, Guobao Xu 2022 College of Chemistry and Bioengineering, Guilin University of Technology, Guilin, 541004, China

Chemiluminescence Of Lucigenin-Tetracycline And Itsapplication For Sensitive Determination Of Procyanidin, Shuai Quan, Kaixiang Ji, Fangshuo Liu, Tesfaye Hailemariam Barkae, Mohamed Ibrahim Halawa, Saima Hanif, Baohua Lou, Jianping Li, Guobao Xu

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

Tetracycline was reported to trigger intense lucigenin chemiluminescence (CL). Based on its significant quenching to lucigenin-tetracycline CL, procyanidin was detected. The mechanism of the lucigenin-tetracycline CL and its quenching by procyanidin were proposed. Under the optimum conditions, the calibration curve is linear in the range of 10-1000 nM for procyanidin with a detection limit of 4.4 nM. The RSD for nine replicate determinations of procyanidin was less than 1.7%. Moreover, this method was satisfactorily applied to the determination of procyanidin in human urine samples and health food capsule of grape seed.


Quantitation Of Mycophenolic Acid And Metabolites By Uplc-Ms/Ms In Renal Transplant Patients, Yun-Fen Huang, Ya-Ching Huang, Hsiao-Chen Ning, Chia-Ni Lin 2022 Department of Laboratory Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou, Taoyuan, Taiwan

Quantitation Of Mycophenolic Acid And Metabolites By Uplc-Ms/Ms In Renal Transplant Patients, Yun-Fen Huang, Ya-Ching Huang, Hsiao-Chen Ning, Chia-Ni Lin

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

Mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) and enteric-coated mycophenolate sodium (EC-MPS), specific inhibitors of lymphocyte proliferation, are commonly used as adjuvant therapy with calcineurin inhibitor agents after kidney transplantation. After administration, MMF and EC-MPS are hydrolyzed to mycophenolic acid (MPA), the active form of the drug, which must be monitored due to its narrow therapeutic window, drug–drug interactions, and large intra-and inter-individual pharmacokinetic variability despite a fixed dose. Monitoring plasma MPA level is recommended to maintain the drug within the therapeutic window, optimize its efficacy, and minimize side effects. This study aims to develop a method for quantifying MPA and its major ...


Camphorataimide B Suppresses The Metastasis Of Human Colorectal Cancer Cell By Inhibiting Smad/Fak/Akt Axis And Promoting Degradation Of Snail/Bmp4 Complex, Chi-Chou Huang, Chia-Hung Hung, Yi-Ju Lee, Tsui-Hwa Tseng, Yean-Jang Lee, Shao-Hsuan Kao, Chau-Jong Wang 2022 Department of Colorectal Surgery, Chung Shan Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan

Camphorataimide B Suppresses The Metastasis Of Human Colorectal Cancer Cell By Inhibiting Smad/Fak/Akt Axis And Promoting Degradation Of Snail/Bmp4 Complex, Chi-Chou Huang, Chia-Hung Hung, Yi-Ju Lee, Tsui-Hwa Tseng, Yean-Jang Lee, Shao-Hsuan Kao, Chau-Jong Wang

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

Camphorataimide B (CamB) has anticancer activities against several tumors. Here, we aimed to investigate the mechanism(s) by which CamB inhibits metastasis of colorectal cancer (CRC) cells. Low-dose CamB did not affect the cell viability and cell cycle progression of CRC cells, but significantly inhibited the metastatic potentials of CRC cells. Mechanically, CamB reduced the protein and mRNA expression of BMP4, and inhibited Smad and FAK/Src/Akt signaling. CamB also decreased Snail levels by promoting its degradation via proteasome and thereafter reduced Snail-mediated BMP4 transcription. Moreover, CamB considerably inhibited the in vivo metastasis of DLD-1 cells in xenograft mice.


Orally Delivered Perilla (Perilla Frutescens) Leaf Extract Effectively Inhibits Sars-Cov-2 Infection In A Syrian Hamster Model, Yuan-Fan Chin, Wen-Fan Tang, Yu-Hsiu Chang, Tein-Yao Chang, Wen-Chin Lin, Chia-Yi Lin, Chuen-Mi Yang, Hsueh-Ling Wu, Ping-Cheng Li, Jun-Ren Sun, Shu-Chen Hsu, Chia-Ying Lee, Hsuan-Ying Lu, Jia-Yu Chang, Jia-Rong Jheng, Cheng Cheung Chen, Jyh-Hwa Kau, Chih-Heng Huang, Cheng-Hsun Chiu, Yi-Jen Hung, Hui-Ping Tsai, Jim-Tong Horng 2022 Institute of Preventive Medicine, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan

Orally Delivered Perilla (Perilla Frutescens) Leaf Extract Effectively Inhibits Sars-Cov-2 Infection In A Syrian Hamster Model, Yuan-Fan Chin, Wen-Fan Tang, Yu-Hsiu Chang, Tein-Yao Chang, Wen-Chin Lin, Chia-Yi Lin, Chuen-Mi Yang, Hsueh-Ling Wu, Ping-Cheng Li, Jun-Ren Sun, Shu-Chen Hsu, Chia-Ying Lee, Hsuan-Ying Lu, Jia-Yu Chang, Jia-Rong Jheng, Cheng Cheung Chen, Jyh-Hwa Kau, Chih-Heng Huang, Cheng-Hsun Chiu, Yi-Jen Hung, Hui-Ping Tsai, Jim-Tong Horng

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

On analyzing the results of cell-based assays, we have previously shown that perilla (Perilla frutescens) leaf extract (PLE), a food supplement and orally deliverable traditional Chinese medicine approved by the Taiwan Food and Drug Administration, effectively inhibits SARS-CoV-2 by directly targeting virions. PLE was also found to modulate virus-induced cytokine expression levels. In this study, we explored the anti-SARS-CoV-2 activity of PLE in a hamster model by examining viral loads and virus-induced immunopathology in lung tissues. Experimental animals were intranasally challenged with different SARS-CoV-2 doses. Jugular blood samples and lung tissue specimens were obtained in the acute disease stage (3 ...


Assessing The Fate Of Fatty Acid Esters Of Hydroxy Fatty Acids, Diglycerides And Monoacetyldiacylglycerides In Grilled Ruminant Meats Marinated With Unfiltered Beer-Based Marinades, Charles F. Manful, Thu H. Pham, Evan Wheeler, Muhammad Nadeem, Oludoyin A. Adigun, Nicole Walsh, Raymond H. Thomas 2022 School of Science and the Environment/Boreal Ecosystem Research Initiative, Grenfell Campus, Memorial University of Newfoundland, Corner Brook, NL A2H 5G4, Canada

Assessing The Fate Of Fatty Acid Esters Of Hydroxy Fatty Acids, Diglycerides And Monoacetyldiacylglycerides In Grilled Ruminant Meats Marinated With Unfiltered Beer-Based Marinades, Charles F. Manful, Thu H. Pham, Evan Wheeler, Muhammad Nadeem, Oludoyin A. Adigun, Nicole Walsh, Raymond H. Thomas

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

Ruminant meats contain functional lipids including fatty acid esters of hydroxy fatty acids (FAHFA), diglycerides (DG), monoacetyldiglycerides (MAcDG) and medium chain triglycerides (McTG) whose consumption in the normal diet can confer benefits for consumer health. However, very little is known concerning how meat processing techniques such as marination and grilling affect the quantity and quality of these functional lipids in ruminant meats. We used ultra high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to high resolution accurate mass tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-HRAM-MS/MS) to show how grilling following marination with either India or Wheat ale unfiltered beer-based marinades affected the quantity and quality of ...


Exosomal Proteomics In Kidney Disease: From Technical Approaches To Clinical Applications, Ageng Brahmadhi, Yung-Kun Chuang, San-Yuan Wang, Chih-Chin Kao, I-Lin Tsai 2022 Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Cell Biology, School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan

Exosomal Proteomics In Kidney Disease: From Technical Approaches To Clinical Applications, Ageng Brahmadhi, Yung-Kun Chuang, San-Yuan Wang, Chih-Chin Kao, I-Lin Tsai

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

Exosomes are small extracellular vesicles (sEVs) secreted from cells and have a general diameter ranging from 30~150 nm. It was reported that exosomes have essential roles in intercellular communication and can be targeted as biomarkers of disease or as therapeutic agents. Among the different techniques used for exosome investigation, the mass spectrometry-based proteomics approach has accelerated the unraveling of the molecular composition of exosomes and has contributed to improved knowledge of molecular processes in various diseases. In this review, we focused on proteomics-based studies of exosomes and clinical applications in kidney diseases. A general introduction of exosomes, isolation and ...


Differential Scanning Calorimetry For Authentication Of Edible Fats And Oils - What Can We Learn From The Past To Face The Current Challenges?, Mahbuba Islam, Liliana Bełkowska, Piotr Konieczny, Emilia Fornal, Jolanta Tomaszewska-Gras 2022 Department of Food Quality and Safety Management, Poznań University of Life Sciences

Differential Scanning Calorimetry For Authentication Of Edible Fats And Oils - What Can We Learn From The Past To Face The Current Challenges?, Mahbuba Islam, Liliana Bełkowska, Piotr Konieczny, Emilia Fornal, Jolanta Tomaszewska-Gras

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

Fats and oils authentication has become an important issue recently, due to the growing interest in consumption of cold-pressed oils. Therefore, it is becoming more and more difficult to maintain official control over the growing assortment of new cold-pressed oils. Authenticity of plant oils is also an important issue for religious or cultural reasons.This review article focuses on the application of differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) in the field of assessing authenticity of various fats and oils (e.g. olive oil, palm oil, confectionery fats, butter). Extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) is the most comprehensively tested oil by means of ...


Trends And Applications Of Food Protein-Origin Hydrolysates And Bioactive Peptides, Yi-Hsieng Samuel Wu, Yi-Chen Chen 2022 Department of Animal Science and Technology, National Taiwan University, Taipei 106, Taiwan

Trends And Applications Of Food Protein-Origin Hydrolysates And Bioactive Peptides, Yi-Hsieng Samuel Wu, Yi-Chen Chen

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

It was reported that protein hydrolysates or derived peptides have more functionalities than their parent protein. Most functional protein hydrolysates or peptides are identified from various food products, including plant, fish, and land-animal protein sources. Within a few decades, the application of food protein-origin functional hydrolysates or peptides could be divided into two main categories according to their applied intentions: 1) preservatives and bioactive packing materials; 2) nutraceutical ingredients. According to the literature, the applications of food protein-origin functional hydrolysates or peptides on food preservative and nutraceutical ingredients have attracted much attention. However, the approach method should be changed. Multi-activities ...


The Use Of Nebulizer Medications As A Possible Treatment For Covid-19, Jacob Kaufman 2022 Murray State University

The Use Of Nebulizer Medications As A Possible Treatment For Covid-19, Jacob Kaufman

Honors College Theses

For the past few years, the COVID-19 pandemic has been the focal point in healthcare and research. This disease has permanently changed daily life and left a historic impact on the world. Most people have felt the effects of this pandemic either directly, via infection, or indirectly, via change in workflow, financial impact, etc. The main question for this virus still remains today; how do we treat this illness effectively? While many ideas are being tested and suggested, a definite answer has yet to be procured. Vaccine rates are climbing on a daily basis, serving as the first and most ...


The Racial Divide: A Follow Up Study On Racial Disparity Amongst Covid-19 Survivors In An Urban Community, Christopher Millet, Emily Racoosin, Spandana Narvaneni, George Horani, Sherif Roman, Alisa Farokhian, Arslan Chaudhry, Sohail Chaudhry, Yezin Shamoon, Humberto Jimenez, Patrick Michael, Jin Suh 2022 Internal Medicine Department, St. Joseph’s University Medical Center, Paterson, NJ, USA.

The Racial Divide: A Follow Up Study On Racial Disparity Amongst Covid-19 Survivors In An Urban Community, Christopher Millet, Emily Racoosin, Spandana Narvaneni, George Horani, Sherif Roman, Alisa Farokhian, Arslan Chaudhry, Sohail Chaudhry, Yezin Shamoon, Humberto Jimenez, Patrick Michael, Jin Suh

Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives

Background Studies have shown that COVID-19 has had a disproportionate effect on minority groups in both the clinical and social settings in America. We conducted a follow up study on patients previously diagnosed with COVID-19 one year ago in an urban community in New Jersey. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the socioeconomic impact of COVID-19 as well as assess for receptiveness towards COVID-19 vaccination amongst various ethnic groups.

Methods This was a prospective cohort study consisting of patients who had recovered from COVID-19 one year prior. The patients included in the study had a confirmed COVID-19 diagnosis ...


The Effects Of Paclitaxel On Cellular Migration And The Cytoskeleton, Ashley Salguero-Gonzalez 2022 University of Southern Maine

The Effects Of Paclitaxel On Cellular Migration And The Cytoskeleton, Ashley Salguero-Gonzalez

Thinking Matters Symposium

In a clinical setting, some patients are exposed to an anti-cancer chemotherapy agent, paclitaxel. Cancerous cells undergo rapid, continuous cell division without control. Chemotherapy treatments try to slow and stop the uncontrollable cell division cycles and eliminate cancerous cells in the process. Paclitaxel serves as a treatment for some types of cancers, including lung, melanoma, bladder, and esophageal. Because it targets the cytoskeleton, paclitaxel can also influence cell migration. This project utilizes a cellular migration assay and an immunohistochemistry assay to analyze the effects of paclitaxel on the movement of cells and on the cytoskeleton of neuroglia rat cells with ...


Investigating The Efficacy Of Tazemetosttat For In Vitro Treatment Of Human Triple Negative Breast Cancer Cells, Harshita Indukuri 2022 Belmont University

Investigating The Efficacy Of Tazemetosttat For In Vitro Treatment Of Human Triple Negative Breast Cancer Cells, Harshita Indukuri

Honors Theses

Cancer is a formidable, genetic disease that affects many people, either directly or indirectly. Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer worldwide (31). Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a type of breast cancer that has a higher lethality compared to other breast cancers and has a poor prognosis due to its highly invasive nature and limited treatment options. Finding safe, effective, and accessible treatment for TNBC is integral to treating TNBC patients. Tazemetostat is an EZH2-inhibitor that has recently been approved for use in epithelioid sarcoma (23). EZH2 is an overexpressed protein in many cancers, including TNBC (11). However ...


The Development Of Inhibitors For Sars-Cov-2 Orf8, My Thanh Thao Nguyen 2022 College of Saint Benedict/Saint John's University

The Development Of Inhibitors For Sars-Cov-2 Orf8, My Thanh Thao Nguyen

CSBSJU Distinguished Thesis

An unexpected outbreak of SARS-CoV-2 caused a worldwide pandemic in 2020. Many repurposed drugs were tested, but there are currently only three FDA approved antivirals (Merck’s antiviral Molnupiravir, Pfizer’s antiviral Paxlovid, and Remdisivir).1 Most of the antiviral drugs tested SARS-CoV-2 main protease and RNA-dependent RNA polymerase. However, it is important to explore different drug targets of SARS-CoV-2 to prepare for the virus mutations of the future. This research looks at an alternative approach in which SARSCoV- 2 Open Reading Frame 8 (ORF8), which has been shown to be a rapidly evolving hypervariable gene, was chosen to be ...


Investigation Of Oncogenic Ras And Endoplasmic Reticulum-Mitochondria Calcium Flux And Their Relationship In The Context Of Tumorigenesis, Emma Anderson 2022 Liberty University

Investigation Of Oncogenic Ras And Endoplasmic Reticulum-Mitochondria Calcium Flux And Their Relationship In The Context Of Tumorigenesis, Emma Anderson

Senior Honors Theses

Intracellular calcium as a signaling molecule is a pervasive feature of cellular pathways, especially those that manage internal homeostasis and transitions through the cell cycle, so much so that regulated, responsive calcium flux between the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and the mitochondria has been suggested to play a major role in cancer development. Another factor commonly implicated in tumorigenesis is RAS, an oncogene that controls signaling for many pathways that are also regulated by calcium. While both calcium and oncogenic RAS signaling are implicated in cancer development, possible links between them have yet to be determined. The identification of these links ...


Efforts To Increase The Ketamine-Like Activity Of The Rapid-Acting Antidepressant Ro-25-6981 (Mi-4) By Increasing Ampa Potentiation, Nathan Heger 2022 Roseman University of Health Sciences

Efforts To Increase The Ketamine-Like Activity Of The Rapid-Acting Antidepressant Ro-25-6981 (Mi-4) By Increasing Ampa Potentiation, Nathan Heger

Annual Research Symposium

The small molecule ketamine has generated much interest due to its rapid antidepressant effects. Despite having a rapid onset, ketamine has poor bioavailability, short duration of action, toxicities with long-term use, and a high potential for abuse. The molecule MI-4 (RO 25-6981) has also been shown to have both a rapid and sustained antidepressant effect. Most of the research into the mechanism of the rapid onset of MI-4 and ketamine has focused on their interaction with the NMDA receptor in addition to some monoamine transporters. Some recent publications have shown a significant role of AMPA receptors in the ketamine antidepressant ...


The Use Of Atmospheric-Pressure Chemical Ionization For Pesticide Analysis Using Liquid Chromatography Mass Spectrometry, Pei-Ting Jiang, Kuan-Lu Wu, Hsueh-Ting Wang, Sung-Fang Chen 2022 Department of Chemistry, National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei, Taiwan

The Use Of Atmospheric-Pressure Chemical Ionization For Pesticide Analysis Using Liquid Chromatography Mass Spectrometry, Pei-Ting Jiang, Kuan-Lu Wu, Hsueh-Ting Wang, Sung-Fang Chen

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

Based on the regulations of the Ministry of Health and Welfare (MOHW) of Taiwan in 2017, an analysis of 373 pesticides in food was conducted using the MOHW official method. The analyses involved the use of either liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (LC-MS) with electrospray ionization (ESI) or gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS) with electron ionization (EI). In this study, the applicability of detecting pesticides using atmospheric pressure chemical ionization (APCI) was investigated and evaluated. The pesticides were separated using an aqueous solution of ammonium formate with methanol as the mobile phase, and ionization efficiency was compared between APCI, ESI, and ...


A Substructure-Based Screening Approach To Uncover N-Nitrosamines In Drug Substances, Yu-Ting Kao, Shu-Fen Wang, Meng-Hsiu Wu, Shwu-Huey Her, Yi-Hsuan Yang, Chung-Hsien Lee, Hsiao-Feng Lee, An-Rong Lee, Li-Chien Chang, Li-Heng Pao 2022 School of Pharmacy, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei City, Taiwan, Republic of China

A Substructure-Based Screening Approach To Uncover N-Nitrosamines In Drug Substances, Yu-Ting Kao, Shu-Fen Wang, Meng-Hsiu Wu, Shwu-Huey Her, Yi-Hsuan Yang, Chung-Hsien Lee, Hsiao-Feng Lee, An-Rong Lee, Li-Chien Chang, Li-Heng Pao

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

Drug substances are at risk of contamination with N-nitrosamines (NAs), well-known carcinogenic agents, during synthesis processes and/or long-term storage. Therefore, in this study, we developed an efficient data-based screening approach to systemically assess marketed products and investigated its scalability for benefiting both regulatory agencies and pharmaceutical industries. A substructure-based screening method employing DataWarrior, an open-source software, was established to evaluate the risks of NA impurities in drug substances. Eight NA substructures containing susceptible amino sources for N-nitrosation have been identified as screening targets: dimethylamine (DMA), diethylamine, isopropylethylamine, diisopropylamine, N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone, dibutylamine, methylphenylamine, and tetrazoles. Our method detected 192 ...


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