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11,064 full-text articles. Page 5 of 275.

Lowering Water Table Reduces Carbon Sink Strength And Carbon Stocks In Northern Peatlands, Min Jung Kwon, Ashley Ballantyne, Philippe Ciais, Chunjing Qiu, Elodie Salmon, Nina Raoult, Bertrand Guenet, Mathias Göckede, Eugénie S. Euskirchen, Hannu Nykänen, Edward A. Schuur, Merritt R. Turetsky, Catherine M. Dieleman, Evan Kane, Donatella Zona 2022 Gif-sur-Yvette

Lowering Water Table Reduces Carbon Sink Strength And Carbon Stocks In Northern Peatlands, Min Jung Kwon, Ashley Ballantyne, Philippe Ciais, Chunjing Qiu, Elodie Salmon, Nina Raoult, Bertrand Guenet, Mathias Göckede, Eugénie S. Euskirchen, Hannu Nykänen, Edward A. Schuur, Merritt R. Turetsky, Catherine M. Dieleman, Evan Kane, Donatella Zona

Michigan Tech Publications

Peatlands at high latitudes have accumulated >400 Pg carbon (C) because saturated soil and cold temperatures suppress C decomposition. This substantial amount of C in Arctic and Boreal peatlands is potentially subject to increased decomposition if the water table (WT) decreases due to climate change, including permafrost thaw-related drying. Here, we optimize a version of the Organizing Carbon and Hydrology In Dynamic Ecosystems model (ORCHIDEE-PCH4) using site-specific observations to investigate changes in CO and CH fluxes as well as C stock responses to an experimentally manipulated decrease of WT at six northern peatlands. The unmanipulated control peatlands, with the WT …


Quantifying Spatial Heterogeneity Of Wild Blueberries And Crop Water Stress Monitoring Using Remote Sensing Technologies, Kallol Barai 2022 The University of Maine

Quantifying Spatial Heterogeneity Of Wild Blueberries And Crop Water Stress Monitoring Using Remote Sensing Technologies, Kallol Barai

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The wild blueberry is one of the major crops of Maine, with significant economic value and potential health benefits. Due to global climate change, drought impacts have been increasing significantly in recent years in the northeast region of the USA, causing significant economic losses in the agricultural sectors. It has been predicted to increase further in the future. Changing patterns of the elevated atmospheric temperatures, increased rainfall variabilities, and more frequent drought events have made the wild blueberry industry of Maine vulnerable, suggesting the adoption of novel approaches to mitigate the negative impacts of global climate changes. Also, wild blueberry …


Smokejumper Obituary: Van Wagtendonk, Jan W. (Cave Junction 1960), National Smokejumper Association 2022 Eastern Washington University

Smokejumper Obituary: Van Wagtendonk, Jan W. (Cave Junction 1960), National Smokejumper Association

Smokejumper Obituaries

No abstract provided.


Smokejumper Obituary: Lockwood, Charles Melvin “Chuck” (Missoula 1965), National Smokejumper Association 2022 Eastern Washington University

Smokejumper Obituary: Lockwood, Charles Melvin “Chuck” (Missoula 1965), National Smokejumper Association

Smokejumper Obituaries

No abstract provided.


Harvesting Intensity And Aridity Are More Important Than Climate Change In Affecting Future Carbon Stocks Of Douglas-Fir Forests, Alyssa J. Robinson, Camille E. Defrenne, W. Jean Roach, Caren C. Dymond, Brian J. Pickles, Suzanne W. Simard 2022 The University of British Columbia

Harvesting Intensity And Aridity Are More Important Than Climate Change In Affecting Future Carbon Stocks Of Douglas-Fir Forests, Alyssa J. Robinson, Camille E. Defrenne, W. Jean Roach, Caren C. Dymond, Brian J. Pickles, Suzanne W. Simard

Michigan Tech Publications

Improved forest management may offer climate mitigation needed to hold warming to below 2°C. However, uncertainties persist about the effects of harvesting intensity on forest carbon sequestration, especially when considering interactions with regional climate and climate change. Here, we investigated the combined effects of harvesting intensity, climatic aridity, and climate change on carbon stocks in Douglas-fir [Pseudotsuga menziesii Mirb. (Franco)] stands. We used the Carbon Budget Model of the Canadian Forest Sector to simulate the harvest and regrowth of seven Douglas-fir stand types covering a 900 km-long climate gradient across British Columbia, Canada. In particular, we simulated stand growth under …


Meeting Minutes, August 11th, 2022, National Smokejumper Association Board of Directors 2022 Eastern Washington University

Meeting Minutes, August 11th, 2022, National Smokejumper Association Board Of Directors

National Smokejumper Association Meeting Minutes

Agenda: 1. Call to Order; 2. Reunion Update; 3. Agenda and Consent Agenda; 4. National Hot Shot Association (NHSA) Report; 5. Financials and Treasurer’s Report (HO 5a and 5b); 6. Historical Preservation at Eastern Washington University (HO 6); 7. NSA Future (HO 7); 8. Forest Service Museum Proposed MOU (HO 8a, 8b, 8c, and 8d); 9. NSA Website (HO 9a and 9b); 10. Soliciting Grants and Gifts (HO 10c); 11. Investment Committee (HO 11a); 12. Nominations Committee (HO 12); 13. Legacy Fund; 14. Budget (HO 13); 15. Report from Liaison to Active Jumpers; 16. Tramps Trail Program; 17. Facebook; 18. …


Improvement Value Of Forest Resources By Use Of Cottonseed Protein Meal As A Bio-Based Wood Adhesive For Hardwood Plywood Products, Edward David Entsminger 2022 Mississippi State University

Improvement Value Of Forest Resources By Use Of Cottonseed Protein Meal As A Bio-Based Wood Adhesive For Hardwood Plywood Products, Edward David Entsminger

Theses and Dissertations

Literature shows that production of cottonseed adhesives is feasible to develop an environmentally friendly and competitive bio-based wood adhesive. Defatted cottonseed and water-washed cottonseed meals were prepared from glandless cottonseed and were used in adhesive formulations to produce three-ply yellow poplar (Liriodendron tulipifera) plywood panels as the first objective. These two cottonseed meals were compared with the properties of plywood panels made with an adhesive formulated from a commercial soybean meal, as a control. Adhesive resins were prepared from each protein meal with sodium metabisulfite (Na2S2O5) and one of two polyamido-amine-epichlorohydrin (PAE) wet strength agents, and the plywood panels were …


Novel Silviculture Practices For Non-Industrial Private Forest Landowners, Darcey Alyce Collins 2022 Mississippi State University

Novel Silviculture Practices For Non-Industrial Private Forest Landowners, Darcey Alyce Collins

Theses and Dissertations

Many landowners in the southeastern United States have invested in southern yellow pine plantations and managed them using traditional management schemes. However, non-industrial private forest landowners often have goals and challenges that make traditional management less desirable or possible. This thesis contains two projects that offer potential solutions for these landowners. The first project is a management option for landowners with small parcels that wish to manage pine plantations and proposes low-density management paired with crown lifting for the production of saw logs without commercial thinning entries. The second proposes a method for incorporating mixed-species management into already existing plantations. …


Assessing The Flood Tolerance, Physiological Mechanism, And Nutrient Mitigation Potential Of Short Rotation Woody Crops Planted On Seasonally Flooded Marginal Land Of The Lower Mississippi Alluvial Valley, Thu Ya Kyaw 2022 Mississippi State University

Assessing The Flood Tolerance, Physiological Mechanism, And Nutrient Mitigation Potential Of Short Rotation Woody Crops Planted On Seasonally Flooded Marginal Land Of The Lower Mississippi Alluvial Valley, Thu Ya Kyaw

Theses and Dissertations

In 2019, the Mississippi River watershed had a record-long flooding, which was comparable with the 1927 Great Mississippi River Flood. This study leveraged this flooded condition to assess the flood tolerance of eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides) and black willow (Salix nigra) planted as short rotation woody crops (SRWCs) on seasonally flooded marginal land of the Lower Mississippi Alluvial Valley (LMAV) in 2018. The survival/mortality prediction models developed by using hydrologic and environmental variables suggested that only high flood depth affected the survival of black willow. However, eastern cottonwood was threatened by flood depth, flood duration, and …


The Effects Of Drought And Shade On Bottomland Hardwood Regeneration, Charles Joseph Pell 2022 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

The Effects Of Drought And Shade On Bottomland Hardwood Regeneration, Charles Joseph Pell

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Floodplain forests support a high diversity of tree species adapted to regenerate under fluctuating water and light availability. Regeneration regulates species composition, and shade and flood tolerance influence the likelihood of regeneration. Regeneration failure of shade-intolerant and flood-tolerant tree species commonly occurs in southcentral and southeastern floodplain forests of the United States, also known as bottomland hardwoods (BLHs). In many BLHs reduced flooding has resulted in a dryer floodplain. These changes in flooding are linked to recent shifts in species composition. The mechanisms controlling regeneration in BLHs and these composition shifts are poorly understood. In a controlled germination experiment, I …


Smokejumper Obituary: Brown, Malvin L. (Pendleton 1945), National Smokejumper Association 2022 Eastern Washington University

Smokejumper Obituary: Brown, Malvin L. (Pendleton 1945), National Smokejumper Association

Smokejumper Obituaries

No abstract provided.


Quantifying Aboveground Biomass In A Tropical Forest Using A Lidar Waveform Weighted Allometric Model, Alejandro Rojas 2022 CUNY Hunter College

Quantifying Aboveground Biomass In A Tropical Forest Using A Lidar Waveform Weighted Allometric Model, Alejandro Rojas

Theses and Dissertations

Our knowledge of the distribution and amount of terrestrial above ground biomass (AGB) has increased using lidar technology. Recent advancements in satellite lidar has enabled global mapping of forest biomass and structure. However, there are large biases in satellite lidar estimates which impacts our understanding of carbon dynamics, particularly in tropical forests.

Ni-Meister et al. (2022) developed a lidar full waveform weighted height-based allometric model which produced very good results in temperate deciduous/conifer forest in the continental US. The purpose of this study was to evaluate this biomass model in an African tropical forest using the Land Vegetation and Ice …


Quantification Of Hydrologic Response To Forest Disturbance In Western U.S. Watersheds, Sara A. Goeking '92 2022 Illinois Mathematics and Science Academy

Quantification Of Hydrologic Response To Forest Disturbance In Western U.S. Watersheds, Sara A. Goeking '92

Doctoral Dissertations

Forested watersheds produce more than half of the water supply in the United States. Forests affect how precipitation is partitioned into available water versus evapotranspiration. This dissertation investigated how water yield and snowpack responded to forest disturbance following recent disturbances in western U.S. forests during the period 2000-2019.

Chapter 2 systematically reviewed 78 recent studies that examined how water yield or snowpack changed after forest disturbances. Water yield and snowpack often increased after disturbance, but decreased in some circumstances. Decreased water yield was most likely to occur following disturbances that did not remove the entire forest canopy. It was also …


Comparative Life Cycle Assessment Of Embodied Carbon And Operational Energy Of Different Building Systems, Marilia Hellmeister 2022 University of Maine

Comparative Life Cycle Assessment Of Embodied Carbon And Operational Energy Of Different Building Systems, Marilia Hellmeister

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Due to human activity, the levels of carbon emissions found in the atmosphere have reached its highest concentration and therefore it is necessary to find solutions to reduce, mitigate and adapt to a more sustainable pattern of development. The substitution of fossil fuel-dependent materials with renewable materials which exhibit lower embodied carbon is an option to be considered in the design phase of a building. Engineered wood product innovations over the past twenty years, coupled with design innovation and building code modifications have demonstrated their viability in multi-story construction (18 stories). The goals of this project are to 1) estimate …


Evaluation Of Energy Release From Wildfires Across The Elevation Gradient, Isabelle Rose Butler 2022 Boise State University

Evaluation Of Energy Release From Wildfires Across The Elevation Gradient, Isabelle Rose Butler

Boise State University Theses and Dissertations

Wildfires are an integral process in vegetative terrestrial land which shape ecosystem functions. A warming climate, however, has increased the size and severity of fires with significant ecosystem and societal implications. Furthermore, warming has changed characteristics of wildfires enabling a median upslope advance of 252 m in high-elevation forest fires from 1984 to 2017, allowing wildfires to burn in areas that were previously too wet to burn frequently. This exposed an additional 81,500 square kilometers (11%) of western US montane forests to fires.

In this thesis, I test the hypothesis that wildfires burn more intensely in high-elevation mesic forests than …


Flora Of Doe Mountain Recreation Area, Johnson County, Tennessee, Benjamin McCullough 2022 East Tennessee State University

Flora Of Doe Mountain Recreation Area, Johnson County, Tennessee, Benjamin Mccullough

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

A botanical inventory of Doe Mountain Recreation Area (DMRA) in northeastern Tennessee was conducted to help guide conservation-based management. A total of 484 species were found in DMRA, comprising 94 families, and 285 genera, 10 species listed in the state rare plant list, and 76 exotic species. Two species, Liatris virgata and Lycopodiella inundata, were new state records. Water in the Lycopodiella seep was an order of magnitude more acid than at other sites. An analysis of the wildland-urban interface showed that only 13% of the area was classified as uninhabited. The inventory-invasion index, introduced to quantify the relative …


Quantification Of Hydrologic Response To Forest Disturbance In Western U.S. Watersheds, Sara A. Goeking 2022 Utah State University

Quantification Of Hydrologic Response To Forest Disturbance In Western U.S. Watersheds, Sara A. Goeking

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Forested watersheds produce more than half of the water supply in the United States. Forests affect how precipitation is partitioned into available water versus evapotranspiration. This dissertation investigated how water yield and snowpack responded to forest disturbance following recent disturbances in western U.S. forests during the period 2000-2019.

Chapter 2 systematically reviewed 78 recent studies that examined how water yield or snowpack changed after forest disturbances. Water yield and snowpack often increased after disturbance, but decreased in some circumstances. Decreased water yield was most likely to occur following disturbances that did not remove the entire forest canopy. It was also …


Linkind Deadwood Inhabiting Fungi To Carbon Dioxide Flux Of Decomposing Coarse Woody Debris, Elyse Daub 2022 University of Maine - Main

Linkind Deadwood Inhabiting Fungi To Carbon Dioxide Flux Of Decomposing Coarse Woody Debris, Elyse Daub

Honors College

The decomposition of wood is driven by a combination of abiotic and biotic factors, the most influential of them all are fungi. These decomposer fungi use the wood for food, digesting woody material to absorb nutrients and release carbon dioxide. Fungi are the primary drivers of decomposition in most terrestrial ecosystems; thus, the rate and degree of decomposition are greatly dependent on the community of fungi found on woody debris. However, little is known about which fungi decompose woody debris most efficiently. This study aims to investigate the decomposer fungi in the Bear Brook Watershed via molecular techniques and quantify …


Evaluating Current And Future Potential Distribution Of Epiphytic Orchids In The Congo Basin With Ecological Niche Models, Michael L. Ngoh 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Evaluating Current And Future Potential Distribution Of Epiphytic Orchids In The Congo Basin With Ecological Niche Models, Michael L. Ngoh

Masters Theses

The Congo Basin Forest harbors a rich diversity of epiphytic communities, with the Orchidaceae alone making up more than 50% of all epiphytes in the region. Despite the huge diversity of epiphytes, many species, including epiphytic orchids, are at risk to a diverse array of threats. Climate change for instance poses severe threats to epiphytic orchids due to elevated temperatures, prolonged periods of droughts, as well as reduced rainfall across the Congo Basin Forest. In this study, we used ecological niche modeling and GIS techniques to identify spatial patterns of species richness, potential future climate refugia, and novel climatic suitability …


Smokejumper Obituary: Compton, Leo P. (Mccall 1947), National Smokejumper Association 2022 Eastern Washington University

Smokejumper Obituary: Compton, Leo P. (Mccall 1947), National Smokejumper Association

Smokejumper Obituaries

No abstract provided.


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