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2013

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Articles 1 - 30 of 11387

Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Workshop | Body Worn Video Recorders: The Socio-Technical Implications Of Gathering Direct Evidence, Katina Michael, Alexander Hayes Jun 2015

Workshop | Body Worn Video Recorders: The Socio-Technical Implications Of Gathering Direct Evidence, Katina Michael, Alexander Hayes

Alexander Hayes Mr.

- From in-car video recording to body-worn video recording

- Exploring available technologies: how do they work, pros and cons

- Storing direct evidence in secure storage: factors to consider

- Citizens “shooting” back with POV tech – what are their rights?

- Crowdsourced sousveillance- harnessing public data for forensic profiling

- Police force policies and practices on the application of new media


U.S. Drought Monitor, December 31, 2013, Matthew Rosencrans Dec 2013

U.S. Drought Monitor, December 31, 2013, Matthew Rosencrans

United States Agricultural Commodities in Drought Archive

Drought map of U.S. for December 31, 2013 (12/31/13) plus: U.S. crop areas experiencing drought (map), Approximate percentage of crop located in drought, by state (bar graph), Percent of crop area located in drought, past 52 weeks (line graph) for: Corn, Soybeans, Hay, Cattle, Winter wheat.


Back Matter Dec 2013

Back Matter

Journal of Digital Forensics, Security and Law

No abstract provided.


Masthead Dec 2013

Masthead

Journal of Digital Forensics, Security and Law

No abstract provided.


Crater Detection Via Genetic Search Methods To Reduce Image Features, Joseph Paul Cohen Dec 2013

Crater Detection Via Genetic Search Methods To Reduce Image Features, Joseph Paul Cohen

Graduate Masters Theses

Recent approaches to crater detection have been inspired by face detection's use of gray-scale texture features. Using gray-scale texture features for supervised machine learning crater detection algorithms provides better classification of craters in planetary images than previous methods. When using Haar features it is typical to generate thousands of numerical values from each candidate crater image. This magnitude of image features to extract and consider can spell disaster when the application is an entire planetary surface. One solution is to reduce the number of features extracted and considered in order to increase accuracy as well as speed. Feature subset selection …


A Model For The Hysteresis Observed In Gating Of Lysenin Channels, Eric Krueger, Radwan Al Faouri, Daniel Fologea, Ralph Henry, David Straub, Greg J. Salamo Dec 2013

A Model For The Hysteresis Observed In Gating Of Lysenin Channels, Eric Krueger, Radwan Al Faouri, Daniel Fologea, Ralph Henry, David Straub, Greg J. Salamo

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

The pore-forming toxin lysenin self-inserts to form conductance channels in natural and artificial lipid membranes containing sphingomyelin. The inserted channels exhibit voltage regulation and hysteresis of the macroscopic current during the application of positive periodic voltage stimuli. We explored the bi-stable behavior of lysenin channels and present a theoretical approach for the mechanism of the hysteresis to explain its static and dynamic components. This investigation develops a model to incorporate the role of charge accumulation on the bilayer lipid membrane in influencing the channel conduction state. Our model is supported by experimental results and also provides insight into the temperature …


Evolution Of Magnetism In The Single-Crystal Honeycomb Iridates (Na1−XLiX)2Iro3, Gang Cao, Tongfei Qi, L. Li, Jsaminka Terzic, Vincent Shian Cao, Shujuan Yuan, M. Tovar, Ganpathy Murthy, Ribhu K. Kaul Dec 2013

Evolution Of Magnetism In The Single-Crystal Honeycomb Iridates (Na1−XLiX)2Iro3, Gang Cao, Tongfei Qi, L. Li, Jsaminka Terzic, Vincent Shian Cao, Shujuan Yuan, M. Tovar, Ganpathy Murthy, Ribhu K. Kaul

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

We report the successful synthesis of single crystals of the layered iridate (Na1−xLix)2IrO3, 0 ≤ x ≤ 0.9, and a thorough study of its structural, magnetic, thermal, and transport properties. This compound allows a controlled interpolation between Na2IrO3 and Li2IrO3, while maintaining the quantum magnetism of the honeycomb Ir4+ planes. The measured phase diagram demonstrates a suppression of the Néel temperature TN at an intermediate x, indicating that the magnetic orders in Na2IrO3 and Li2IrO3 …


Front Matter Dec 2013

Front Matter

Journal of Digital Forensics, Security and Law

No abstract provided.


Impacts Of U.S. Biofuels Mandates On Environmental And Energy Security, Mohammad Alshawaf Dec 2013

Impacts Of U.S. Biofuels Mandates On Environmental And Energy Security, Mohammad Alshawaf

Graduate Doctoral Dissertations

Congress passed the Energy Policy Act of 2005 and the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of 2007 to reduce dependency on foreign oil by increasing the use of biofuels. EISA mandates 36 billion gallons of biofuel production in 2022, representing an increase of 118% in eight years. Existing and new farmland are expected to be employed to produce corn and other feedstock necessary to fulfill the biofuel mandate. There is little research on the potential environmental impact on water resources of meeting the ESIA biofuel mandates.

The objectives of this EISA study were twofold. First, the study measured the …


Local Rings Of Embedding Codepth At Most 3 Have Only Trivial Semidualizing Complexes, Saeed Nasseh, Sean Sather-Wagstaff Dec 2013

Local Rings Of Embedding Codepth At Most 3 Have Only Trivial Semidualizing Complexes, Saeed Nasseh, Sean Sather-Wagstaff

Department of Mathematical Sciences Faculty Publications

We prove that a local ring R of embedding codepth at most 3 has at most two semidualizing complexes up to shift-isomorphism, namely, R itself and a dualizing R-complex if one exists.


Exponentiated Kumaraswamy-Dagum Distribution With Applications To Income And Lifetime Data, Shujiao Huang, Broderick O. Oluyede Dec 2013

Exponentiated Kumaraswamy-Dagum Distribution With Applications To Income And Lifetime Data, Shujiao Huang, Broderick O. Oluyede

Department of Mathematical Sciences Faculty Publications

A new family of distributions called exponentiated Kumaraswamy-Dagum (EKD) distribution is proposed and studied. This family includes several well known sub-models, such as Dagum (D), Burr III (BIII), Fisk or Log-logistic (F or LLog), and new sub-models, namely, Kumaraswamy-Dagum (KD), Kumaraswamy-Burr III (KBIII), Kumaraswamy-Fisk or Kumaraswamy-Log-logistic (KF or KLLog), exponentiated Kumaraswamy-Burr III (EKBIII), and exponentiated Kumaraswamy-Fisk or exponentiated Kumaraswamy-Log-logistic (EKF or EKLLog) distributions. Statistical properties including series representation of the probability density function, hazard and reverse hazard functions, moments, mean and median deviations, reliability, Bonferroni and Lorenz curves, as well as entropy measures for this class of distributions and the …


Studying Soil Moisture And Land-To-Water Carbon Export In Urbanized Coastal Areas Using Remotely Sensed Data And A Regional Hydro-Ecological Model, Yun Yang Dec 2013

Studying Soil Moisture And Land-To-Water Carbon Export In Urbanized Coastal Areas Using Remotely Sensed Data And A Regional Hydro-Ecological Model, Yun Yang

Graduate Doctoral Dissertations

The main objective of this research was to study the flux of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) from a terrestrial urbanized watershed to an estuarine system using a process-based regional hydro-ecological model and remotely sensed data.

While DOC is an important component of the global carbon cycle, the link of the variations in terrestrial carbon storage is still poorly understood. Soil moisture is a key factor that influences the amount of available water for vegetation growth and the decomposition rate of organic matter in the soil and thus contributes to the amount of DOC in the soil at the land-water boundary. …


Using Software-Based Decision Procedures To Control Instruction-Level Execution, William B. Kimball Dec 2013

Using Software-Based Decision Procedures To Control Instruction-Level Execution, William B. Kimball

AFIT Patents

An apparatus, method and program product are provided for securing a computer system. A digital signature of an application is checked, which is loaded into a memory of the computer system configured to contain memory pages. In response to finding a valid digital signature, memory pages containing instructions of the application are set as executable and memory pages other than those containing instructions of the application are set as non-executable. Instructions in executable memory pages are executed. Instructions in non-executable memory pages are prevented from being executed. A page fault is generated in response to an attempt to execute an …


Planar Anchoring Strength And Pitch Measurements In Achiral And Chiral Chromonic Liquid Crystals Using 90-Degree Twist Cells, Christine K. Mcginn , '16, Laura I. Laderman , '15, N. Zimmermann, H.-S. Kitzerow, Peter J. Collings Dec 2013

Planar Anchoring Strength And Pitch Measurements In Achiral And Chiral Chromonic Liquid Crystals Using 90-Degree Twist Cells, Christine K. Mcginn , '16, Laura I. Laderman , '15, N. Zimmermann, H.-S. Kitzerow, Peter J. Collings

Physics & Astronomy Faculty Works

Chromonic liquid crystals are formed by molecules that spontaneously assemble into anisotropic structures in water. The ordering unit is therefore a molecular assembly instead of a molecule as in thermotropic liquid crystals. Although it has been known for a long time that certain dyes, drugs, and nucleic acids form chromonic liquid crystals, only recently has enough knowledge been gained on how to control their alignment so that studies of their fundamental liquid crystal properties can be performed. In this article, a simple method for producing planar alignment of the nematic phase in chromonic liquid crystals is described, and this in …


Frameworks With Crystallographic Symmetry, Ciprian Borcea, Ileana Streinu Dec 2013

Frameworks With Crystallographic Symmetry, Ciprian Borcea, Ileana Streinu

Computer Science: Faculty Publications

Periodic frameworks with crystallographic symmetry are investigated from the perspective of a general deformation theory of periodic bar-and-joint structures in Rd. It is shown that natural parametrizations provide affine section descriptions for families of frameworks with a specified graph and symmetry. A simple geometric setting for diaplacive phase transitions is obtained. Upper bounds are derived for the number of realizations of minimally rigid periodic graphs.


Retrieving Marine Inherent Optical Properties From Satellites Using Temperature And Salinitydependent Backscattering By Seawater, P. Jeremy Werdell, Bryan A. Franz, Jason T. Lefler, Wayne D. Robinson, Emmanuel Boss Dec 2013

Retrieving Marine Inherent Optical Properties From Satellites Using Temperature And Salinitydependent Backscattering By Seawater, P. Jeremy Werdell, Bryan A. Franz, Jason T. Lefler, Wayne D. Robinson, Emmanuel Boss

Marine Sciences Faculty Scholarship

Time-series of marine inherent optical properties (IOPs) from ocean color satellite instruments provide valuable data records for studying long-term time changes in ocean ecosystems. Semi-Analytical algorithms (SAAs) provide a common method for estimating IOPs from radiometric measurements of the marine light field. Most SAAs assign constant spectral values for seawater absorption and backscattering, assume spectral shape functions of the remaining constituent absorption and scattering components (e.g., phytoplankton, non-Algal particles, and colored dissolved organic matter), and retrieve the magnitudes of each remaining constituent required to match the spectral distribution of measured radiances. Here, we explore the use of temperature- and salinity-dependent …


Nicotine Exploits A Copi-Mediated Process For Chaperone-Mediated Up-Regulation Of Its Receptors, Brandon J. Henderson, Rahul Srinivasan, Weston A. Nichols, Crystal N. Dilworth, Diana F. Gutierrez, Elisha D. W. Mackey, Sheri Mckinney, Ryan M. Drenan, Christopher I. Richards, Henry A. Lester Dec 2013

Nicotine Exploits A Copi-Mediated Process For Chaperone-Mediated Up-Regulation Of Its Receptors, Brandon J. Henderson, Rahul Srinivasan, Weston A. Nichols, Crystal N. Dilworth, Diana F. Gutierrez, Elisha D. W. Mackey, Sheri Mckinney, Ryan M. Drenan, Christopher I. Richards, Henry A. Lester

Chemistry Faculty Publications

Chronic exposure to nicotine up-regulates high sensitivity nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) in the brain. This up-regulation partially underlies addiction and may also contribute to protection against Parkinson's disease. nAChRs containing the α6 subunit (α6* nAChRs) are expressed in neurons in several brain regions, but comparatively little is known about the effect of chronic nicotine on these nAChRs. We report here that nicotine up-regulates α6* nAChRs in several mouse brain regions (substantia nigra pars compacta, ventral tegmental area, medial habenula, and superior colliculus) and in neuroblastoma 2a cells. We present evidence that a coat protein complex I (COPI)-mediated process mediates this …


Three X-Ray Transients In M31 Oberserved With Swift, R. Voss, W. Pietsch, F. Haberl, H. Stiele, J. Greiner, G. Sala, Dieter H. Hartmann, D. Hatzidimitriou Dec 2013

Three X-Ray Transients In M31 Oberserved With Swift, R. Voss, W. Pietsch, F. Haberl, H. Stiele, J. Greiner, G. Sala, Dieter H. Hartmann, D. Hatzidimitriou

Publications

Aims.The purpose of this study is to find transient X-ray sources in M 31, and to investigate and classify their nature.Methods.Three X-ray transients were observed with Swift. For each of the three X-ray transients we use the Swift X-ray and opticaldata together with observations from XMM-Newton and Chandra to investigate the lightcurves and the spectra of the outburst, andthereby to identify the source types. Results.The outburst of XMMU J004215.8+ 411924 lasted for about one month. The source had a hard power-law spectrum with aphoton index of 1.6. It was previously identified as a Be/X-ray binary based on the optical identification …


On The Orientation Dependence Of The Casimir Force, Christopher David Markle Dec 2013

On The Orientation Dependence Of The Casimir Force, Christopher David Markle

All Theses and Dissertations (ETDs)

In the 83 years of its development, Casimir force theory has seen many advances.

However, there still exists a need for more comprehensive approaches, particularly to complex geometries. To this end we have developed an approach to the Casimir force and demonstrated its use in predicting the Casimir force present in many cases such as the case of a single hollow sphere, finite size parallel plates, and anisotropic conductors.

Within the field of Casimir force experimentation, many predicted characteristics have not yet been demonstrated. To that end, we are performing an experiment designed to investigate the orientational dependence of the …


Localized Corrosion Behavior Of Sensitized 304 Stainless Steel By Scanning Reference Electrode Technique, Chen-Qing Ye, Rong-Gang Hu, Rui-Qing Hou, Xiao-Ping Wang, Rong-Gui Du, Chang-Jian Lin Dec 2013

Localized Corrosion Behavior Of Sensitized 304 Stainless Steel By Scanning Reference Electrode Technique, Chen-Qing Ye, Rong-Gang Hu, Rui-Qing Hou, Xiao-Ping Wang, Rong-Gui Du, Chang-Jian Lin

Journal of Electrochemistry

Based on a home-built setup of scanning reference electrode technique, and combined with conventional electrochemical measurements, the localized corrosion behavior of sensitized 304 stainless steel (304ss) had been investigated in this work. The results showed that, the non-sensitized 304ss or 304ss sensitized at 550 oC was susceptible to pitting; while 304ss sensitized at 650 oC or 750 oC suffered severe intergranular corrosion in 10% FeCl3 solution.


Study On Hydrogen Bubble Template Fabrication Of Porous Biomaterials Coatings By Electrochemically Induced Deposition, Hui Wang, Chang-Jian Lin, Ren Hu, Ke-Qin Zhang, Hong-Ping Duan, Xiang Dong Dec 2013

Study On Hydrogen Bubble Template Fabrication Of Porous Biomaterials Coatings By Electrochemically Induced Deposition, Hui Wang, Chang-Jian Lin, Ren Hu, Ke-Qin Zhang, Hong-Ping Duan, Xiang Dong

Journal of Electrochemistry

So far, the pore architecture in biomaterials plays a critical role on the cell response and integration between the biomaterials and implanted environment. In this study, porous calcium phosphate (CaP) coatings and CaP/protein composite coatings have been successfully constructed on titanium substrate by using an electrochemically induced deposition technique. The shape, size and pliability of CaP crystals are controlled by electrolyte concentration, temperature, current density, time and protein additive in preparing process. In addition, the formation mechanism of the porous structure is discussed based on the “hydrogen bubble template” model. It demonstrates that the growth velocity of CaP crystals should …


Effect Of Vanadium Substitution On Structure Of Li2Fesio4/C Composites, Yang Hong, Zhang Ying, Cheng Xuan Dec 2013

Effect Of Vanadium Substitution On Structure Of Li2Fesio4/C Composites, Yang Hong, Zhang Ying, Cheng Xuan

Journal of Electrochemistry

The carbon coated lithium iron silicate (Li2FeSiO4/C) composites were prepared using less expansive iron starting material of soluble ferric nitrate through sol-gel process and solid state reaction. The theoretically calculated amounts of 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, and 50% of vanadium (V) were introduced using NH4VO3 to obtain V-substituted Li2FeSiO4/C composites. It was found that the pure Li2FeSiO4/C composite exhibited a good crystallinity with P21/n and nearly no impurities being detected, while the V-substituted Li2FeSiO4/C composites showed major impurities of Li2SiO3 …


Cmk-3/Sulfur Composite (CXSY) And Room-Temperature Na/S Battery, Qing Zhao, Yu-Xiang Hu, Kai Zhang, Li-Jiang Wang, Zhan-Liang Tao, Jun Chen Dec 2013

Cmk-3/Sulfur Composite (CXSY) And Room-Temperature Na/S Battery, Qing Zhao, Yu-Xiang Hu, Kai Zhang, Li-Jiang Wang, Zhan-Liang Tao, Jun Chen

Journal of Electrochemistry

A series of ordered mesoporous carbon (CMK-3)/sulfur composite (CxSy) with different sulfur contents were synthesized via a melt-diffusion method. XRD, Raman, BET, SEM, and TEM techniques were used to characterize the structure and morphology of the as-prepared composite. The electrochemical performance of CMK-3/sulfur composite as the electrode of Na/S battery was tested at room temperature. Cyclic voltammograms show that one obvious reduction peak was located at about 1.61V, which is corresponding to the formation of Na2Sx (x=2~5), while two oxidation peaks were displayed at about 1.82V and 1.95V, which are belonging to the …


Surface Composition Structure And Electrochemical Performance Of Aluminum Doped Lifepo4, Huai-Fang Shang, Wei-Feng Huang, Wang-Sheng Hu, Ding-Guo Xia, Zi-Yu Wu Dec 2013

Surface Composition Structure And Electrochemical Performance Of Aluminum Doped Lifepo4, Huai-Fang Shang, Wei-Feng Huang, Wang-Sheng Hu, Ding-Guo Xia, Zi-Yu Wu

Journal of Electrochemistry

Despite there are many successful reports about the preparation of electrode materials with surface coating for lithium ion batteries, the study in surface self-coating of cathode materials using segregation of doping elements and their electrochemical properties is still very rare. The LiFePO4 particles with rich-Al on the surface were synthesized by one step solvothermal route. TEM results demonstrated that the surface of the obtained LiFePO4 particles was well-covered by the amorphous coating. The soft X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) and Auger electron spectroscopy (AES) component analyses revealed that the amorphous coating was composed of LiFe1-xAlxPO …


Controllable Synthesis Of Dispersed Spherical Fe3O4 Nanoparticles As Lithium-Inserted Materials, Hong-Li Zou, Wei-Shan Li Dec 2013

Controllable Synthesis Of Dispersed Spherical Fe3O4 Nanoparticles As Lithium-Inserted Materials, Hong-Li Zou, Wei-Shan Li

Journal of Electrochemistry

Dispersed spherical Fe3O4 nanoparticles were synthesized by a hydrothermal method. The influences of odecyl trimethyl ammonium bromide (DTAB) concentration on the morphology and particle size of the as-prepared Fe3O4 were studied. Electrochemical performance of the as-prepared sample as anode materials of lithium ion battery was investigated. It is found that the as-prepared sample exhibits superior rate performance and cycle performance. The nano-sized materials provide structural stability and favor the transfer of lithium ions.


Electrochemical Na-Storage Materials And Their Applications For Na-Ion Batteries, Jiang-Feng Qian, Xue-Ping Gao, Han-Xi Yang Dec 2013

Electrochemical Na-Storage Materials And Their Applications For Na-Ion Batteries, Jiang-Feng Qian, Xue-Ping Gao, Han-Xi Yang

Journal of Electrochemistry

Oncoming large scale electric energy storage (EES) requires battery systems not only to have sufficient storage capacity but also to be cost-effective and environmentally friendly. Li-ion batteries for widespread EES applications may be limited due to the constraint of global lithium resource. From the considerations of available resources and environmental impact, Na-ion batteries have potential advantages as next generation secondary batteries and an alternative to Li-ion batteries. However, in the present state of the art, the Na-storage cathodes reported so far are still deficient both in energy density and power capability, while the carbon and alloy anodes for Na-ion batteries …


Application Of Synchrotron Radiation Based Electrochemical In-Situ Techniques To Study Of Electrode Materials For Lithium-Ion Batteries, Zheng-Liang Gong, Wei Zhang, Dong-Ping Lv, Xiao-Gang Hao, Wen Wen, Zheng Jiang, Yong Yang Dec 2013

Application Of Synchrotron Radiation Based Electrochemical In-Situ Techniques To Study Of Electrode Materials For Lithium-Ion Batteries, Zheng-Liang Gong, Wei Zhang, Dong-Ping Lv, Xiao-Gang Hao, Wen Wen, Zheng Jiang, Yong Yang

Journal of Electrochemistry

Due to its merits of high brightness and high intensity, high level of polarization and wide tunability in energy, etc., synchrotron radiation technique provides an unique platform for analysis of the relationship among composition–structure–performance of materials for lithium ion batteries, especially for in-situ, real time dynamic investigation of the electrochemical reaction mechanism, aging process and failure mechanism during charge-discharge cycling. In this paper, we review the latest developments in application of synchrotron based electrochemical in-situ experimental methods to studies of lithium ion batteries. The paper mainly focuses on the application of electrochemical in-siu XRD and XAFS techniques to the investigations …


Preparation And Electrochemical Properties Of Amorphous Znsno3/C By Hydrothermally Carbonization Method, Guo-Qing Fang, Rui-Xue Zhang, Wei-Wei Liu, Bing-Bo Xia, Hong-Dan Sun, Hai-Bo Wang, Jing-Jing Wu, Shinko Kaneko, De-Cheng Li Dec 2013

Preparation And Electrochemical Properties Of Amorphous Znsno3/C By Hydrothermally Carbonization Method, Guo-Qing Fang, Rui-Xue Zhang, Wei-Wei Liu, Bing-Bo Xia, Hong-Dan Sun, Hai-Bo Wang, Jing-Jing Wu, Shinko Kaneko, De-Cheng Li

Journal of Electrochemistry

The amorphous ZnSnO3@C composite was synthesized via a simple glucose hydrothermal and subsequent carbonization approach. The structure, morphology and electrochemical property of the composite were characterized by XRD, TEM and electrochemical measurements. Compared to bare ZnSnO3, the ZnSnO3/C composite exhibited markedly enhanced lithium storage property and cycle performance, delivering a reversible capacity of 659 mAh·g-1 after 100 cycles at a current density of 100 mA·g-1.


An Investigation On The Solid Electrolyte Interphase Of Silicon Anode For Li-Ion Batteries Through Force Curve Method, Jie-Yun Zheng, Hao Zheng, Rui Wang, Hong Li, Li-Quan Chen Dec 2013

An Investigation On The Solid Electrolyte Interphase Of Silicon Anode For Li-Ion Batteries Through Force Curve Method, Jie-Yun Zheng, Hao Zheng, Rui Wang, Hong Li, Li-Quan Chen

Journal of Electrochemistry

Non-aqueous electrolyte has been widely used in commercial Li-ion batteries. Optimized choices are proceeding among the various types of salts and solvents in an effort to achieve higher performance of electrolyte. However, the electrolyte will be reduced in low potential and the reductive product will be deposited on the surface of anode to form a passivating layer, solid electrolyte interphase (SEI). Herein an atomic force microscopy (AFM) based method was introduced to study the structure and mechanical property of SEI on silicon thin film anode during the first cycle. Silicon has been known as the most potential candidate anode for …


Aqueous Solution-Evaporation Route Synthesis And Phase Structural Research Of The Li-Rich Cathode Li1.23Ni0.09Co0.12Mn0.56O2 By In-Situ Xrd, Chong-Heng Shen, Shou-Yu Shen, Zhou Lin, Xiao-Mei Zheng, Hang Su, Ling Huang, Jun-Tao Li, Shi-Gang Sun Dec 2013

Aqueous Solution-Evaporation Route Synthesis And Phase Structural Research Of The Li-Rich Cathode Li1.23Ni0.09Co0.12Mn0.56O2 By In-Situ Xrd, Chong-Heng Shen, Shou-Yu Shen, Zhou Lin, Xiao-Mei Zheng, Hang Su, Ling Huang, Jun-Tao Li, Shi-Gang Sun

Journal of Electrochemistry

The Li-rich Li1.23Ni0.09Co0.12Mn0.56O2 material was synthesized via aqueous solution-evaporation route. The structure and morphology of the material were characterized by means of XRD and SEM. The results indicated that the single particle of the product was polygonal with the size of 330 nm and the structure was layered solid solution with a certain amount of Li2MnO3. Electrochemical tests showed that the first discharge capacity of the Li-rich layered material was 250.8 mAh·g-1 at 0.1C,the capacity retention was 86.5% after 40 cycles. Through in-situ XRD study a …