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Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Positron Emission Tomography In Oncology And Environmental Science, Samantha Delaney Jun 2024

Positron Emission Tomography In Oncology And Environmental Science, Samantha Delaney

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The last half century has played witness to the onset of molecular imaging for the clinical assessment of physiological targets. While several medical imaging modalities allow for the visualization of the functional and anatomical properties of humans and living systems, few offer accurate quantitation and the ability to detect biochemical processes with low-administered drug mass doses. This limits how physicians and scientists may diagnose and treat medical issues, such as cancer, disease, and foreign agents.

A promising alternative to extant invasive procedures and suboptimal imaging modalities to assess the nature of a biological environment is the use of positron emission …


Releases Of Hazardous Materials And Waste From Transportation Incidents In The Us: An Analysis To Increase Environmental Resiliency, Elizabeth Irene Tautges May 2024

Releases Of Hazardous Materials And Waste From Transportation Incidents In The Us: An Analysis To Increase Environmental Resiliency, Elizabeth Irene Tautges

Master's Projects and Capstones

Excessive amounts of hazardous materials and waste are released into the environment from transportation incidents. The United States federal government has regulations on the movement of hazardous material and waste during transportation, but preventing environmental releases is not a major priority. Multiple external factors influence the release of hazardous material and waste into the environment. Transportation incidents can be prevented by modifying the information collected in emergency reports, adjusting transportation patterns and conditions, and expressing negative environmental impacts, preparing responder efforts to communicate effectively. The components of previous hazardous materials and waste releases emphasize the needed improvements for increasing environmental …


Understanding The Health Impacts Of Vehicular Emissions In South Florida: A Comprehensive Analysis, Janelle Ducheine, Noah Horesh, Jason C. Quinn May 2024

Understanding The Health Impacts Of Vehicular Emissions In South Florida: A Comprehensive Analysis, Janelle Ducheine, Noah Horesh, Jason C. Quinn

FIU Undergraduate Research Journal

South Florida is famous for its diverse cultural scene and year-round sunshine. This success, however, has not been without its consequences. While the region enjoys economic prosperity, the hidden cost of deteriorating air quality and adverse health effects from vehicle emissions necessitates urgent attention. Electric vehicles (EVs) have emerged as a potential solution, promising reduced emissions, and increased energy efficiency. However, the intricate life cycle emissions associated with EV energy production raise questions about their net benefits. Using predictive modeling and historical data, the study forecasts emissions trajectories and assesses their health implications. Results indicate a substantial reduction in pollutants …


Implications Of Microplastic Pollution For The Conservation Of Marine Protected Areas, Estefany D. Carvajal, Amanda Di Perna, Alain Duran May 2024

Implications Of Microplastic Pollution For The Conservation Of Marine Protected Areas, Estefany D. Carvajal, Amanda Di Perna, Alain Duran

FIU Undergraduate Research Journal

Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) function as a tool for the protection and conservation of marine ecosystems. These designated areas should be free of any environmentally harmful pollutants. Microplastics (MPs) are plastic fragments measuring less than 5 mm (about 0.2 in). These fragments are an emerging threat to our oceans, and we are investigating the effectiveness of MPAs against these pollutants. We analyzed data gathered from research conducted on microplastic concentrations in MPAs and non-MPAs around the world. 53 MPAs and 53 non-MPAs around the world were used and the microplastic concentrations were deemed low, medium, or high by using the …


Fireflies At Rpa Natural Area Final Report, Olivia H. Bush, Sydney M. Shea, Sofia J. Gordon, Nick S. Wiebke May 2024

Fireflies At Rpa Natural Area Final Report, Olivia H. Bush, Sydney M. Shea, Sofia J. Gordon, Nick S. Wiebke

Final Reports in ENST 411: Environmental Community Projects

Our group worked alongside community partners Shaunna Barnhart and Jim Dunn during the Spring 2024 semester to assist with their annual event Fireflies at RPA Natural Area. RPA Natural Area is a local park in South Williamsport, Pennsylvania that was recently acquired by Southside Recreational Authority. Since taking over the park, the organization has begun hosting an event each July to educate the general public about firefly biology and conservation by showing a film and guiding attendees through a firefly tour through the park. Our goals for this project included creating physical educational materials to be used at the park …


Revitalizing Turtle Creek Park, Michael Hardyway, Ethan Harm, Abbey Jacoby, Casey Stephenson May 2024

Revitalizing Turtle Creek Park, Michael Hardyway, Ethan Harm, Abbey Jacoby, Casey Stephenson

Final Reports in ENST 411: Environmental Community Projects

We current ENST 411 students, Abbey Jacoby, Michael Hardyway, Ethan Harm, and Casey Stephenson have chosen to work with Jim Knight, East Buffalo Township, the Merrill Linn Land and Waterways Conservancy, and many others in an attempt to revitalize Turtle Creek Park for a plethora of reasons. Three of us are majoring in biology, and two are majoring in environmental science, which makes much of the information and techniques relevant in Turtle Creek applicable to our courses of study. This project included heavy hands on work which allowed us students to leave a memorable and impactful influence on the Lewisburg …


Butte Priority Soils Operable Unit (Bpsou) Draft Final Unreclaimed Sites Field Sampling Plan (Fsp) Package #11: Ur-49 And Ur-50, Atlantic Richfield Company May 2024

Butte Priority Soils Operable Unit (Bpsou) Draft Final Unreclaimed Sites Field Sampling Plan (Fsp) Package #11: Ur-49 And Ur-50, Atlantic Richfield Company

Silver Bow Creek/Butte Area Superfund Site

No abstract provided.


Approval Letter For The Butte Priority Soils Operable Unit (Bpsou) 2024 Draft Final Insufficiently Reclaimed Areas Quality Assurance Project Plan (Qapp) (Dated March 8, 2024), Molly Roby May 2024

Approval Letter For The Butte Priority Soils Operable Unit (Bpsou) 2024 Draft Final Insufficiently Reclaimed Areas Quality Assurance Project Plan (Qapp) (Dated March 8, 2024), Molly Roby

Silver Bow Creek/Butte Area Superfund Site

No abstract provided.


Identifying Phytoremediation Performing Plant Species That Can Be Utilized In The Improvement Of Heavy Metal Contaminated Soils, Ashley Clark*, Samuel Mutiti May 2024

Identifying Phytoremediation Performing Plant Species That Can Be Utilized In The Improvement Of Heavy Metal Contaminated Soils, Ashley Clark*, Samuel Mutiti

Graduate Research Showcase

Heavy metal pollution is a problem associated with industrialization and development. Two major metals that are commonly mined and can enter the environment, which can jeopardize communities’ health, are copper (Cu) and lead (Pb). There are different options for reducing heavy metal pollution in the environment via remediation efforts, including physical, chemical, and biological methods. However, physical and chemical remediation can be costly and labor-intensive, making them unsuitable for regions that do not have the funds to utilize these practices. Biological remediation is a more cost-conservative practice that has been shown in many studies to be effective in the gradual …


Final Repository Screening Report, Pioneer Technical Services, Inc. May 2024

Final Repository Screening Report, Pioneer Technical Services, Inc.

Silver Bow Creek/Butte Area Superfund Site

No abstract provided.


Final Butte Priority Soils Operable Unit Repository Screening Report, Pioneer Technical Services, Inc. May 2024

Final Butte Priority Soils Operable Unit Repository Screening Report, Pioneer Technical Services, Inc.

Silver Bow Creek/Butte Area Superfund Site

No abstract provided.


Draft Final 2023 Bpsou Subdrain Data Summary Report (Dsr), Pioneer Technical Services, Inc. May 2024

Draft Final 2023 Bpsou Subdrain Data Summary Report (Dsr), Pioneer Technical Services, Inc.

Silver Bow Creek/Butte Area Superfund Site

No abstract provided.


Screening Full-Sib And Half-Sib Families Of Chestnut Seedlings For Resistance To Cryphonectria Parasitica Using A Small Stem Assay And A Leaf-Disc Assay, Uma Plambeck May 2024

Screening Full-Sib And Half-Sib Families Of Chestnut Seedlings For Resistance To Cryphonectria Parasitica Using A Small Stem Assay And A Leaf-Disc Assay, Uma Plambeck

Honors Theses

Cryphonectria parasitica is the ascomycete fungus species that causes chestnut blight disease. Symptoms of chestnut blight include bark cankers and eventually the death of American chestnut, Castanea dentata. However, not all Castanea species are equally affected by the disease, and some Asian species appear highly resistant. The OALDS and SSA in this study aim to assist in screening for resistance to C. parasitica within a year. We investigated the effect of C. parasitica on three North American species, one European species, four East Asian species of Castanea, and nine full-sib families of TACF backcross hybrids. Our study used both a …


The Effect Of Agrivoltaics On Irrigation Water Consumption In Central California, London Camba May 2024

The Effect Of Agrivoltaics On Irrigation Water Consumption In Central California, London Camba

Undergraduate Theses

An agricultural system where solar energy generation and agricultural systems are used together for mutual benefit, agrivoltaics reduces loss of water due to evaporation, particularly in drylands. Central California has faced extreme droughts, and water has become a scarce resource. However, the wide-scale use of agrivoltaics has been limited due to lack of knowledge about agrivoltaics and also the lack of funding for start-up agrivoltaics projects. Therefore, this research investigated the potential for agrivoltaics in Central California to reduce irrigation water consumption using a review of multiple crop studies using agrivoltaics to determine an optimal crop for agrivoltaics and a …


Using Empathy To Shift Climate Change Attitudes., Carson Haller May 2024

Using Empathy To Shift Climate Change Attitudes., Carson Haller

Crop, Soil and Environmental Sciences Undergraduate Honors Theses

It has shifted from a hunch to an existential threat, it is a harbinger of disaster and bankruptcy, backed by science, and yet a considerable portion of Americans still believe that climate change is a hoax. It is becoming increasingly imperative to convince this portion to join the fight. It has been found that empathy is an effective method of persuasion, prompting the question of whether empathy could be used shift climate change attitudes. The hypothesis of this study was that if a person feels empathy for somebody harmed by the effects of climate change, they will be more willing …


Feminist Political Ecology In The Classroom, Ella J. Yeigh Apr 2024

Feminist Political Ecology In The Classroom, Ella J. Yeigh

Northwest Journal of Teacher Education

As the effects of climate change are being felt more frequently, discussions on how to combat such a massive issue are increasingly prevalent. Finding solutions to the climate crisis requires an understanding of how mainstream economic systems have led to the climate crisis and using these same principles to get out of the climate crisis is misguided. Economic actions have inherent value biases that have real political effects. Feminist Political Ecology (FPE) as a theoretical model presents a better understanding of how values that are inherent in economic models such as reliance on efficiency, markets, and continual economic growth have …


Draft Final Revised Residential Metals Abatement Program (Rmap) Quality Assurance Project Plan (Qapp) (Residential Parcels), Pioneer Technical Services, Inc. Apr 2024

Draft Final Revised Residential Metals Abatement Program (Rmap) Quality Assurance Project Plan (Qapp) (Residential Parcels), Pioneer Technical Services, Inc.

Silver Bow Creek/Butte Area Superfund Site

No abstract provided.


Final 2024 Residential Metals Abatement Program (Rmap) Baptist Student Union (Former Mckinley School) Soil Remedial Action Work Plan (Rawp), Pioneer Technical Services, Inc. Apr 2024

Final 2024 Residential Metals Abatement Program (Rmap) Baptist Student Union (Former Mckinley School) Soil Remedial Action Work Plan (Rawp), Pioneer Technical Services, Inc.

Silver Bow Creek/Butte Area Superfund Site

No abstract provided.


Butte Priority Soils Operable Unit (Bpsou) Final Insufficiently Reclaimed Sites Field Sampling Plans (Fsps) And Final Unreclaimed Sites Fsps Request For Change Ur/Ir 2024-001, Mike Mcanulty Apr 2024

Butte Priority Soils Operable Unit (Bpsou) Final Insufficiently Reclaimed Sites Field Sampling Plans (Fsps) And Final Unreclaimed Sites Fsps Request For Change Ur/Ir 2024-001, Mike Mcanulty

Silver Bow Creek/Butte Area Superfund Site

No abstract provided.


Draft Final 2021 Residential Metals Abatement Program (Rmap) Head Start (Former Lincoln School) Soil Remedial Action Construction Completion Report, Pioneer Technical Services, Inc. Apr 2024

Draft Final 2021 Residential Metals Abatement Program (Rmap) Head Start (Former Lincoln School) Soil Remedial Action Construction Completion Report, Pioneer Technical Services, Inc.

Silver Bow Creek/Butte Area Superfund Site

No abstract provided.


Butte Priority Soils Operable Unit (Bpsou) Final Insufficiently Reclaimed Sites Field Sampling Plans (Fsps) And Final Unreclaimed Sites Fsps Request For Change Ur/Ir 2024-001, Mike Mcanulty Apr 2024

Butte Priority Soils Operable Unit (Bpsou) Final Insufficiently Reclaimed Sites Field Sampling Plans (Fsps) And Final Unreclaimed Sites Fsps Request For Change Ur/Ir 2024-001, Mike Mcanulty

Silver Bow Creek/Butte Area Superfund Site

No abstract provided.


Draft Final 2021-2022 Residential Metals Abatement Program (Rmap) Aware Early Head Start Soil Remedial Action Construction Completion Report, Pioneer Technical Services, Inc. Apr 2024

Draft Final 2021-2022 Residential Metals Abatement Program (Rmap) Aware Early Head Start Soil Remedial Action Construction Completion Report, Pioneer Technical Services, Inc.

Silver Bow Creek/Butte Area Superfund Site

No abstract provided.


Berkely Pit Repository Cost Comparison, Josh Bryson Apr 2024

Berkely Pit Repository Cost Comparison, Josh Bryson

Silver Bow Creek/Butte Area Superfund Site

No abstract provided.


An Analysis Of Pollution In Liverpool, Uk, Luke W. Lawson Apr 2024

An Analysis Of Pollution In Liverpool, Uk, Luke W. Lawson

Honors Theses

Within this experiment the different levels of pollution in areas around Liverpool were tested. These areas were Stanley Park, Lunt Meadows, and Woolton Road. At Stanley Park one of two transects had a geochemical analysis as well as magnetic measurements run to investigate source attribution within the urban environment resulting in data showing high variability in soil properties among the transect. With data supporting evidence of diamagnetic, paramagnetic, and ferromagnetic properties in soil along the same transect. At Lunt Meadows, through the use of XRF for soil samples and nitrate and phosphate testing for water samples, it was found that …


Butte Priority Soils Operable Unit (Bpsou) Unreclaimed (Ur) Sites Final Ur Field Sampling Plan (Fsp) Submittal #4 – Request For Change (Rfc) -Ur Fsp #4-001., Mike Mcanulty Apr 2024

Butte Priority Soils Operable Unit (Bpsou) Unreclaimed (Ur) Sites Final Ur Field Sampling Plan (Fsp) Submittal #4 – Request For Change (Rfc) -Ur Fsp #4-001., Mike Mcanulty

Silver Bow Creek/Butte Area Superfund Site

No abstract provided.


Silver Bow Creek Conservation Area (Sbcca) 60% Technical Specifications Submittal, Josh Bryson Apr 2024

Silver Bow Creek Conservation Area (Sbcca) 60% Technical Specifications Submittal, Josh Bryson

Silver Bow Creek/Butte Area Superfund Site

No abstract provided.


Residential Metals Abatement Program Construction Completion Report (Non- Residential Parcels – Indoor Dust) Silver Bow Montessori, Christopher Berg, Thomas J. Beckman, Environmental Resource Management (Erm) Apr 2024

Residential Metals Abatement Program Construction Completion Report (Non- Residential Parcels – Indoor Dust) Silver Bow Montessori, Christopher Berg, Thomas J. Beckman, Environmental Resource Management (Erm)

Silver Bow Creek/Butte Area Superfund Site

No abstract provided.


Butte Priority Soils Operable Unit Diggings East 60% Remedial Design Package Submittal, Josh Bryson Apr 2024

Butte Priority Soils Operable Unit Diggings East 60% Remedial Design Package Submittal, Josh Bryson

Silver Bow Creek/Butte Area Superfund Site

No abstract provided.


Residential Metals Abatement Program – Interior School Dust – Investigation Summary Report – After The Bell Child Care Center, Thomas J. Beckman, Christopher Berg, Environmental Resource Management (Erm) Apr 2024

Residential Metals Abatement Program – Interior School Dust – Investigation Summary Report – After The Bell Child Care Center, Thomas J. Beckman, Christopher Berg, Environmental Resource Management (Erm)

Silver Bow Creek/Butte Area Superfund Site

No abstract provided.


Residential Metals Abatement Program Construction Completion Report (Non- Residential Parcels – Indoor Dust) Small World Day Care, Environmental Resource Management (Erm) Apr 2024

Residential Metals Abatement Program Construction Completion Report (Non- Residential Parcels – Indoor Dust) Small World Day Care, Environmental Resource Management (Erm)

Silver Bow Creek/Butte Area Superfund Site

No abstract provided.