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Morphometric Measurements Of Posterior Cranial Fossa And Craniovertebral Junction In Chiari I Malformation With And Without Syringohydromyelia, Pawitra Imemkamon, Supada Prakkamakul, Ketsuda Jakchairoongruang Oct 2022

Morphometric Measurements Of Posterior Cranial Fossa And Craniovertebral Junction In Chiari I Malformation With And Without Syringohydromyelia, Pawitra Imemkamon, Supada Prakkamakul, Ketsuda Jakchairoongruang

Chulalongkorn Medical Journal

Background: Syringohydromyelia occurs about 30.0 - 85.0% in patients with Chiari I malformation (CMI). The syrinx formation is supposed to be a result of disturbed cerebrospinal fluid flow dynamics, which is associated with the degree of mechanical blockage that may be related to posterior cranial fossa (PCF) and craniovertebral junction anatomy. Objective: Our study aimed to determine the morphometric difference in PCF and craniocervical junction between the CMI patients with and without syringohydromyelia. Methods: Thirty CMI patients (16 with syringohydromyelia; 14 without syringohydromyelia) and 16 healthy subjects were also recruited. PCF and craniocervical junction measurements of 5 distances and 5 …


Reliability Of The Thai Version Of The Modified Start Back Screening Tool In Individuals With Neck Pain, Nattawan Phungwattanakul, Uchukarn Boonyapo, Taweewat Wiangkham Oct 2022

Reliability Of The Thai Version Of The Modified Start Back Screening Tool In Individuals With Neck Pain, Nattawan Phungwattanakul, Uchukarn Boonyapo, Taweewat Wiangkham

Chulalongkorn Medical Journal

Backgrounds: The modified STarT Back Screening Tool in Thai version (mSBST-TH) for individuals with neck pain (NP) was adapted from the STarT Back Screening Tool in Thai version (SBST-TH) for individuals with low back pain (LBP) to classify individuals with NP into low, medium, and high risk for chronicity. Owing to a lot of individuals with NP in Thailand. It would be beneficial if the mSBST-TH was available to help primary care management in Thai individuals with NP. However, the reliability of this tool has not been investigated. Objective: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the reliability …


Efficacy Of Digitalized Comprehensive Educational Program For Patients With Allergic Contact Dermatitis: A Randomized Controlled Trial, Wongsiya Viarasilpa, Prattana Sittiwattanawong Oct 2022

Efficacy Of Digitalized Comprehensive Educational Program For Patients With Allergic Contact Dermatitis: A Randomized Controlled Trial, Wongsiya Viarasilpa, Prattana Sittiwattanawong

Chulalongkorn Medical Journal

Background: Allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) is an inflammatory skin disease resulting from exposure to allergen. The patient education is crucial to successful treatment and management of ACD. However, this process can be time consuming, requiring trained healthcare personnel resulting in increased workload and may be difficult in the setting of limited workforce or resource. Objective: To assess the effect of informative digitalized video-based educational program (iDVE) on patients’ quality of life, disease severity and knowledge of ACD compared to standard counselling (control). Methods: Patients with ACD were randomized to participate in iDVE or control group. The primary outcome was the …


Occupational Stress And Related Factors Among Registered Nurses At Relief And Community Health Bureau, The Thai Red Cross Society, Itsaraporn Palasak, Siriluck Suppapitiporn Oct 2022

Occupational Stress And Related Factors Among Registered Nurses At Relief And Community Health Bureau, The Thai Red Cross Society, Itsaraporn Palasak, Siriluck Suppapitiporn

Chulalongkorn Medical Journal

Background: Previous studies have found that occupational stress affects work performance among registered nurses and causes a high turnover rate. The study of occupational stress levels and related factors can help prevent occupational stress impacting on physical and mental health. Also, it may help increase work efficiency and enhance the commitment to the organization. Objective: To study the level of occupational stress and related factors among registered nurses at Relief and Community Health Bureau, The Thai Red Cross Society (RCHB-TRC). Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted at the RCHB-TRC, Thailand. Data were collected from 133 registered nurses using self-administered …


Acute Effect Of Low-Dose Sugar Ingestion On Forearm Blood Flow In Healthy Men, Manta Korakot, Weerapat Kositanurit, Pachara Varachotisate, Chuti Burana, Chanchai Boonla, Onanong Kulaputana Oct 2022

Acute Effect Of Low-Dose Sugar Ingestion On Forearm Blood Flow In Healthy Men, Manta Korakot, Weerapat Kositanurit, Pachara Varachotisate, Chuti Burana, Chanchai Boonla, Onanong Kulaputana

Chulalongkorn Medical Journal

Background: Hyperglycemia is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease resulting in vascular damage in both diabetic and non-diabetic people. Objective: To determine acute effect of elevated plasma glucose from a low-dose sugar ingestion on forearm blood flow (FBF) in healthy men. Methods: Ten healthy men (aged 24.1 4.1 years) participated in two experimental conditions: 1) drinking 200 mL of water (Control), and 2) drinking 15 grams of sugar solution (Sugar). The two conditions were scheduled in random order with a minimum of three days of washout period between conditions. FBF was determined by venous occlusion plethysmography. Peak forearm blood …


Mental Health, Social Skills, And Associated Factors Of Flight Attendants In A Commercial Airline In Thailand, Thanradee Kongmanee, Peeraphon Lueboonthavatchai Oct 2022

Mental Health, Social Skills, And Associated Factors Of Flight Attendants In A Commercial Airline In Thailand, Thanradee Kongmanee, Peeraphon Lueboonthavatchai

Chulalongkorn Medical Journal

Background: Mounting evidence has shown that most flight attendants have an average mental health and mental health problems such as stress, fatigue, and sleep problems. However, there were limited studies concerning their social skills and associated factors. This study identified the flight attendants’ mental health, associated factors with the mental health of flight attendants in Thai Airways International Public Company Limited. Objective: To explore the mental health, social skills, and associated factors of flight attendants in Thai Airways International Public Company Limited. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was performed with the participation of 408 flight attendants of Thai Airways International …


Social Media Addiction And Self-Esteem Of High School Students In Hat Yai Municipality, Secondary Educational Service Area Office 16, Thailand, Montira Muanjan, Sookjaroen Tangwongchai Oct 2022

Social Media Addiction And Self-Esteem Of High School Students In Hat Yai Municipality, Secondary Educational Service Area Office 16, Thailand, Montira Muanjan, Sookjaroen Tangwongchai

Chulalongkorn Medical Journal

Background: Social media use has been increasing dramatically. Some evidences suggest that excessive use of social media may impact the level of self-esteem. Objective: To explore the level of social media addiction, self-esteem and associated factors among high school students in Hat Yai municipality. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive design was employed with participation of 415 high school students in Hat Yai municipality. The instruments included a set of questionnaires to assess the demographic data and patterns of social media use, media addiction test (SMAT), Thai version of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (T-PSQI), Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D) and …


Workplace Innovation Management Of Nurse Managers In University Hospitals: A Phenomenological Study, Siriwan Thongthip, Kannikar Chatdokmaiprai, Phechnoy Singchungchai Oct 2022

Workplace Innovation Management Of Nurse Managers In University Hospitals: A Phenomenological Study, Siriwan Thongthip, Kannikar Chatdokmaiprai, Phechnoy Singchungchai

Chulalongkorn Medical Journal

Background: University Hospitals in Thailand still have no responsible unit related to Workplace Innovation Management (WPIM) and First-Line Nurse Managers (FLNMs) are the key person of the organization, but today there is still a lack of knowledge on individual innovation and creativity in the workplace, especially in nursing organizations with the future practice of nursing in a technologically advanced future and keep up with modern society and digital technology transformation era. Objectives: To describe the definition and components of Workplace Innovation Management from First-Line Nurse Managers’ experiences in University Hospitals. Methods: Data were collected by in-depth interviews of FLNMs. Colaizzi’s …


Intra-Rater And Inter-Rater Reliability And Minimum Detectable Change Of Visual Analog Scale And Digital Goniometer In Patients With Subacute Unilateral Lateral Ankle Sprain, Thongchai Suksri, Chitanongk Gaogasigam, Sujitra Boonyong Oct 2022

Intra-Rater And Inter-Rater Reliability And Minimum Detectable Change Of Visual Analog Scale And Digital Goniometer In Patients With Subacute Unilateral Lateral Ankle Sprain, Thongchai Suksri, Chitanongk Gaogasigam, Sujitra Boonyong

Chulalongkorn Medical Journal

Background: Patients with subacute unilateral lateral ankle sprain commonly experience pain and limited range of motion (ROM). Measurement reliability should be investigated before assessing treatment effectiveness. Objective: To determine both intra-rater and inter-rater reliability and minimal detectable change (MDC) of visual analog scale (VAS) and digital goniometer in patients with subacute unilateral lateral ankle sprain. Methods: Ten subjects (7 men, 3 women; aged 29.90  12.81 years) with subacute unilateral lateral ankle sprain were recruited. Two investigators measured pain intensity and ROM using VAS and a digital goniometer, respectively, with a 30-minute break between measurements. The same protocol was repeated …


Cyberbullying, Well-Being And Mental Health Of Freshmen Of A University In Bangkok, Thachira Jamnongrit Oct 2022

Cyberbullying, Well-Being And Mental Health Of Freshmen Of A University In Bangkok, Thachira Jamnongrit

Chulalongkorn Medical Journal

Background: Cyberbullying is an electronic harassment commonly found in adolescents and affects the wellbeing and mental health of the victims. Objective: The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of cyberbullying among freshman and to investigate the relationship between cyberbullying, psychological well-being, and mental health among freshmen of Chulalongkorn University. Methods: A cross-sectional design enrolled participation of 1,433 freshmen in 19 faculties of Chulalongkorn University. The subjects were requested to complete online surveys concerning demographic information, cyber-aggression victimization scale (Thai version), Thai mental health questionnaire (TMHQ: CU-modified version), and CU student psychological well-being (revised 2020). Results: Fifty-two point-seven …


The Coincidence Of Abernethy Malformation And Blue Rubber Bleb Nevus Syndrome: A Case Report, Thipsumon Tangsiwong, Siriwan Wananukul, Panruethai Trinavarat Oct 2022

The Coincidence Of Abernethy Malformation And Blue Rubber Bleb Nevus Syndrome: A Case Report, Thipsumon Tangsiwong, Siriwan Wananukul, Panruethai Trinavarat

Chulalongkorn Medical Journal

Abernethy malformation was demonstrated in a 10-year-old boy, whose underlying disease of blue rubber bleb nevus syndrome (BRBNS) was achieved first-time-right diagnosis by cutaneous stigmata, presenting with persistent gross hematuria and hemodynamic instability secondary to vesical venous malformation. Abdominal computed tomography (CT) imaging was obtained to explore identifiable and treatable causes of the active bleeding, revealing Abernathy malformation and unusual visceral slow-flow vascular malformations including venous varicosities and splenic lymphangiomatosis. This is a first case report of the coincidence of Abernathy malformation and BRBNS. Imaging played an important role in detection of clinically occult congenital portal venous anomalies and visceral …


Development Of A Questionnaire To Evaluate The Attitudes Towards Home Health Visits In Applied Thai Traditional Medical Students: A Pilot Study, Sarunthorn Puttipaibool, Athippat Tantiwongsekunakorn, Kaittiyos Kuldejchaichan, Sukree Kade, Sirikan Poopong, Photnicha Jaturapat, Sasima Tongsai, Suprapath Sonjaipanich, Pravit Akarasereenont Oct 2022

Development Of A Questionnaire To Evaluate The Attitudes Towards Home Health Visits In Applied Thai Traditional Medical Students: A Pilot Study, Sarunthorn Puttipaibool, Athippat Tantiwongsekunakorn, Kaittiyos Kuldejchaichan, Sukree Kade, Sirikan Poopong, Photnicha Jaturapat, Sasima Tongsai, Suprapath Sonjaipanich, Pravit Akarasereenont

Chulalongkorn Medical Journal

Background: Home health visits (HHV) are the new duty and development of students of applied Thai traditional medicine (ATM). We performed to develop a measuring instrument to ensure that students have positive attitudes to HHV. Objective: To develop a reliable and valid questionnaire for evaluating attitudes regarding home health visits among ATM students. Methods: There are 28 items in creating the questionnaire which is supposed to be used to assess attitudes toward HHV in four areas, including those related to the practice in HHV, the role of ATM practitioners, relationship with patients and patient’s relatives, and collaboration with the multidisciplinary …


Factors Influencing Decision Making To Use Large Private Hospitals Of Thai Patients In Bangkok After Covid-19 Outbreak, Decha Lalitanantpong, Kingporn Thongbai, Anothai Ngamvichaikit Oct 2022

Factors Influencing Decision Making To Use Large Private Hospitals Of Thai Patients In Bangkok After Covid-19 Outbreak, Decha Lalitanantpong, Kingporn Thongbai, Anothai Ngamvichaikit

Chulalongkorn Medical Journal

Background: The worldwide pandemic of coronavirus infections disease 2019 (COVID-19 impacts the Thai medical’s hub tourism industry. The private hospital sector needs to provide appropriate services for Thai consumers. Objectives: The objectives of this research were to study: 1) The level of decision making of use large private hospitals of Thai patients living in Bangkok after COVID-19 outbreak; 2) The marketing mix related to the level of decision making to use large private hospitals; 3) The marketing mix that influences decision making to use large private hospitals. Methods: This study was a survey research. The population was 8,757,843 Thai patients …


Changes In Brain Structural Volume And White Matter Abnormalities In Young Perinatally-Acquired Hiv Infected Children Treated With Antiretroviral Therapy, Netsiri Dumrongpisutikul, Kultida Chaiyagool Oct 2022

Changes In Brain Structural Volume And White Matter Abnormalities In Young Perinatally-Acquired Hiv Infected Children Treated With Antiretroviral Therapy, Netsiri Dumrongpisutikul, Kultida Chaiyagool

Chulalongkorn Medical Journal

Background: Several studies have reported human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) effects on brain volume and found white matter signal abnormality (WMSA) on brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Objective: To evaluate brain volume and WMSA of antiretroviral therapy (ART)-treated perinatally-acquired HIV infected (PHIV) young children. Methods: From November 2016 to March 2018, MRI of 19 ART-treated PHIV young children, aged 12 - 56 months, were analyzed for structural brain volume using FreeSurfer software with manual correction. WMSA were classified into 4 grades. Comparison between the brain volumes and WMSA between early and late ART-treated groups as well as changes of the brain …


Surgical Perspectives Of Primary Liver Tumors In Children: A Series Of 76 Consecutive Cases, Pailin Arunsopha, Kanokrat Thaiwatcharamas, Sinobol Chusilp, Patchareeporn Tanming, Pongserath Sirichindakul, Nimmita Srisan, Katawaetee Decharun, Soottiporn Chittmittrapap, Paisarn Vejchapipat Jul 2022

Surgical Perspectives Of Primary Liver Tumors In Children: A Series Of 76 Consecutive Cases, Pailin Arunsopha, Kanokrat Thaiwatcharamas, Sinobol Chusilp, Patchareeporn Tanming, Pongserath Sirichindakul, Nimmita Srisan, Katawaetee Decharun, Soottiporn Chittmittrapap, Paisarn Vejchapipat

Chulalongkorn Medical Journal

Background: Primary liver tumors in children are rare. The objective of this study was to review cases of primary liver tumors in children who underwent tumor removal. Methods: Children (0 - 15 years old) who underwent surgery for primary liver tumors between 2006 and 2019 were studied. Their clinical data and pathological reports were reviewed. Demographic data, types of procedures, operative time, and post-operative complications were described. Data are expressed as mean  standard deviation. Results: There were 76 children (male/female = 39/37), who underwent resection for primary liver tumors. Their average age was 27.9  32.0 months. Asymptomatic abdominal …


Marital Satisfaction In Patients With Breast Cancer Who Have Undergone Mastectomy At King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, Chatchadaporn Pornleegalearn, Chutima Roomruangwong Jul 2022

Marital Satisfaction In Patients With Breast Cancer Who Have Undergone Mastectomy At King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, Chatchadaporn Pornleegalearn, Chutima Roomruangwong

Chulalongkorn Medical Journal

Background: Breast is an organ that affects sexual symbol and sexual satisfaction. The patients with mastectomy may suffer from both physical and psychological effects. The reaction from their close relatives can lead negative effects to the patients, especially, in term of body image. Previous studies in Thailand focused on depression, body image, coping style, and quality of life in breast cancer patients who had undergone mastectomy. However, there are few studies on marital satisfaction and sexual satisfaction. Objectives: To investigate marital satisfaction and related factors in breast cancer patients who had undergone mastectomy at King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital. Methods: A …


Antioxidative Properties Of Common Ready-To-Eat Cooked Foods And Beverages In Thailand, Kamonchanok Chuenwisad, Nattida Chotechuang, Chanchai Boonla Jul 2022

Antioxidative Properties Of Common Ready-To-Eat Cooked Foods And Beverages In Thailand, Kamonchanok Chuenwisad, Nattida Chotechuang, Chanchai Boonla

Chulalongkorn Medical Journal

Background: Increased dietary antioxidant consumption is associated with decreased risk of oxidative stressmediated diseases. Cooking process affects the quantity and quality of antioxidants in foods. In this study, we investigated the antioxidative properties of ready-to-eat (RTE) cooked meals. Objective: To determine the total antioxidant capacity (TAC), total phenolic content (TPC), and total flavonoid content (TFC) in RTE cooked foods and beverages commonly sold in Thailand. Methods: Thirty cooked food items were purchased from local fresh markets and canteens in Bangkok. The foods were categorized into Central food, Northern food, Northeastern food, Southern food, fast food, and beverage. Levels of TAC …


Self-Objectification, Eating Disorders, And Mental Health Of Senior High School Female Students In Bangkok, Gunchanon Khawda, Siriluck Suppapitiporn Jul 2022

Self-Objectification, Eating Disorders, And Mental Health Of Senior High School Female Students In Bangkok, Gunchanon Khawda, Siriluck Suppapitiporn

Chulalongkorn Medical Journal

Background: High school female students have higher self-objectification more than others. Many studies showed that self-objectification was positively correlated with eating disorders and negative mental health outcomes. Objectives: To study relationships among self-objectification, eating disorders, and mental health of senior high school female students in Bangkok and to study predictors of eating disorders. Methods: The cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted in high school female students who was studying in Mathayom 6th from 6 schools in Bangkok. The data were collected by questionnaires including demographic data questionnaire, self-objectification questionnaire, the Eating Attitudes Test-26 in Thai version (EAT-26), and Thai Mental Health …


Effects Of A Dynamic Handgrip Exercise On Left Ventricular Diastolic Functions In Diabetes Mellitus Patients: A Preliminary Clinical Data, Pott Pongpaopattanakul, Thamonwan Imerbtham, Juthamat Kitimala, Suphavech Phatthanawayu, Phattarasuda Kaewkong Jul 2022

Effects Of A Dynamic Handgrip Exercise On Left Ventricular Diastolic Functions In Diabetes Mellitus Patients: A Preliminary Clinical Data, Pott Pongpaopattanakul, Thamonwan Imerbtham, Juthamat Kitimala, Suphavech Phatthanawayu, Phattarasuda Kaewkong

Chulalongkorn Medical Journal

Background: A diabetes mellitus (DM) patients sometimes exhibit a pseudo-normal diastolic relaxation during echocardiography examination, which may lead to an incorrect diagnosis. Exercise echocardiography help uncover this hidden alteration, but conventional exercise techniques contain movement artifacts. Recently, an isotonic handgrip exercise was introduced and caused hemodynamic and diastolic changes with less movement. Objective: To investigate hemodynamic and left ventricular diastolic that responses to a dynamic handgrip exercise (DHE) in DM patients. Methods: 12 controls and 12 DM patients were recruited and evaluated for hemodynamic and diastolic functions at rest and 3 minutes after performing DHE. Results: DHE increased systolic blood …


School Bullying Behaviors And Victimization In Thai Children And Adolescents With Comorbid Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Anxiety Disorders, And Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Jirada Prasartpornsirichoke, Nuttorn Pityaratstian, Warunya Pongparadorn Jul 2022

School Bullying Behaviors And Victimization In Thai Children And Adolescents With Comorbid Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Anxiety Disorders, And Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Jirada Prasartpornsirichoke, Nuttorn Pityaratstian, Warunya Pongparadorn

Chulalongkorn Medical Journal

Background: Bullying in school is a chronic social problem which has life-time impact. The prevalence of school bullying in Thai children and adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is significantly higher than other groups. However, there is no research work has been done on the association and impact of the comorbidity of ADHD, anxiety disorder, and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) on bullying in school. Objectives: This study aimed to examine the prevalence of school bullying in Thai children and adolescents with comorbid ADHD, anxiety disorders, and ODD at King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital and to investigate associations and effects of …


Factors Influencing Edentulous Patient Decision-Making While Choosing Dental Implant, Arnun Jukisalapong Jul 2022

Factors Influencing Edentulous Patient Decision-Making While Choosing Dental Implant, Arnun Jukisalapong

Chulalongkorn Medical Journal

Background: Edentulous patients suffer from the loss of natural teeth that results in chewing efficiency compromise. In addition, alveolar bone loss will occur in external width and height, these situations will decrease the quality of patient’s life. Accordingly, the patient should wear a proper prosthesis that replaces the lost natural tooth. Nowadays, dental implant is the gold standard in tooth replacement. Objective: This study aimed to investigate the factors influencing edentulous patient decision-making while choosing dental implants to replace the lost natural teeth by using the marketing mix theory and healthcare consumer behavior to assess the patient decision-making. Methods: In …


Depression In Male Patients With Schizophrenia Residing In Half-Way House For Protection And Development Of Mental Disabilities, Pathum Thani Province, Soraya Nabun, Chavit Tunvirachaisakul Jul 2022

Depression In Male Patients With Schizophrenia Residing In Half-Way House For Protection And Development Of Mental Disabilities, Pathum Thani Province, Soraya Nabun, Chavit Tunvirachaisakul

Chulalongkorn Medical Journal

Background: Schizophrenia is a mental disorder with prominently impaired cognitive ability and daily life functioning, resulting in institutionalization for some patients A common comorbidity of patients with schizophrenia is depression that could further reduce patients quality of life. Objectives: The current study aimed to examine the prevalence of depression and associated factors in male patients with schizophrenia residing at Half-way House for Protection and Development of Mental Disabilities, Pathum Thani Province. Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted among patients with schizophrenia who was residing at the half-way house. The data collection period for all eligible patients was from September …


Incidence And Imaging Pattern Of Stroke After Cardiac Surgery, Saruda Vichitpunt, Netsiri Dumrongpisutikul Jul 2022

Incidence And Imaging Pattern Of Stroke After Cardiac Surgery, Saruda Vichitpunt, Netsiri Dumrongpisutikul

Chulalongkorn Medical Journal

Background: Few cases of patients of previous studies have provided information on imaging patterns of stroke after cardiac surgery. Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence and imaging pattern of stroke after cardiac surgery according to type of cardiac surgery. Methods: A retrospective observational study was conducted on 3,645 adult patients who underwent cardiac surgery in cardiovascular thoracic unit at our institute from January 1, 2010 – September 30, 2019. Cases of patients who were suspected of having post-operative stroke and on whom brain imaging had been performed were reviewed. The ischemic stroke was categorized into …


Work-Related Happiness And General Well-Being Of Personnel In Addiction Management, Thanaporn Suwanvaraboon, Rasmon Kalayasiri Jul 2022

Work-Related Happiness And General Well-Being Of Personnel In Addiction Management, Thanaporn Suwanvaraboon, Rasmon Kalayasiri

Chulalongkorn Medical Journal

Background: Personnel working in addiction management are required to keep improving the quality of their roles which may cause pressure and impact to their work-related happiness and general well-being. Objective: To explore the level of work-related happiness, general well-being, and factors related to work-related happiness among personnel in addiction management. Methods: A cross-sectional design was employed with participation of 193 personnel in addiction management, Princess Mother National Institute on Drug Abuse Treatment. A structured questionnaire was applied to ask about demographic information, work-related happiness (Thai version of the job satisfaction), and general wellbeing (Thai version of The General Well-Being Schedule). …


Cranial Thickness In Relation To Age, Gender And Head Circumference In Thai Population, Sumas Ruenhuns, Vijarn Vachirawongsakorn Jul 2022

Cranial Thickness In Relation To Age, Gender And Head Circumference In Thai Population, Sumas Ruenhuns, Vijarn Vachirawongsakorn

Chulalongkorn Medical Journal

Background: The skull is one of the most studied materials of the human bone. To date, several studies have investigated the range of cranial vault thickness variation in modern human. Objective: To investigate the average thickness of cranial vaults in different positions and their relation to individual variables in the Thai population. Methods: Cranial vaults of 118 male and 59 female cadavers aged over 20 years were eligible for the study. The measurement of the cranial vault was conducted as described: frontal cranial thickness (FCT), occipital cranial thickness (OCT), left and right lateral cranial thickness (LCT). The relationship between the …


Parents’ Knowledge And Attitudes Toward Usage Of Digital Screen Devices In 6-Month-Old To 5-Year-Old Children In Thailand, Wiwat Angkittisawat, Napakkawat Buathong, Pantri Kirdchok Jul 2022

Parents’ Knowledge And Attitudes Toward Usage Of Digital Screen Devices In 6-Month-Old To 5-Year-Old Children In Thailand, Wiwat Angkittisawat, Napakkawat Buathong, Pantri Kirdchok

Chulalongkorn Medical Journal

Background: Because 6-month-old to 5-year-old children cannot control their behavior of using digital screen devices on their own and control and supervision from parents are required, parents’ knowledge toward proper usage of digital screen devices in children is necessary. Objective: This study aimed to investigate parents’ knowledge and attitudes toward usage of digital screen devices in 6-month-old to 5-year-old children in Thailand. Methods: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study. The data were collected from 954 samples of parents of 6-month-old to 5-year-old children in Thailand. They volunteered to answer the online questionnaire between April – June 2019. Results: Most parents …


Clinical And Imaging Findings Correlation In Difference Stage Of Neurocysticercosis, Surachat Sittiyot, Wiyada Supadun Jul 2022

Clinical And Imaging Findings Correlation In Difference Stage Of Neurocysticercosis, Surachat Sittiyot, Wiyada Supadun

Chulalongkorn Medical Journal

Background: The common clinical manifestations of neurocysticercosis (NCC) was determined by several important factors. There is no previous study showing a correlation between difference stage of NCC and clinical presentation. The propose of this study was to determine correlation between different stages of NCC and its clinical presentation. Methods: A retrospective descriptive study was performed using medical records and picture archiving and communication system from October 14, 2004 to October 18, 2019 in patients who definite diagnosed NCC from computerized tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of brain. Neuroimaging was reviewed by two observers. The correlation between stage of …


A Comparison Of Dilatation Of The Right Atrium On Post Mortem Ct Between Asphyxial Death And Non-Asphyxial Death, Irada Jhunthasiriyakorn, Koravik Meesilpavikkai, Udomsak Hoonvijit, Rathachai Kaewlai, Raksachai Nathongchai Jul 2022

A Comparison Of Dilatation Of The Right Atrium On Post Mortem Ct Between Asphyxial Death And Non-Asphyxial Death, Irada Jhunthasiriyakorn, Koravik Meesilpavikkai, Udomsak Hoonvijit, Rathachai Kaewlai, Raksachai Nathongchai

Chulalongkorn Medical Journal

Background: The dilatation of the right atrium and the great vein is one of classical Sign of asphyxial death. The diagnosis of dilatation of the right atrium from the autopsy is difficult due to the unclear criteria and unavailability of measuring the organ size while it is still in the body. Post-mortem computed tomography (PMCT) is useful for the study on the dilatation of the right atrium before autopsy. Objective: This study aimed to compare the size of right atrium measuring with PMCT between the asphyxial and non-asphyxial death. Methods: The samples of this observational analytic research were a total …


Meaning Of Life And Its Association With Perspective Towards Life And Way Of Living: A Qualitative Study In Palliative Care Professionals, Soonthorn Limluck, Wiraporn Pothisiri, Teerayuth Rungnirundorn Jul 2022

Meaning Of Life And Its Association With Perspective Towards Life And Way Of Living: A Qualitative Study In Palliative Care Professionals, Soonthorn Limluck, Wiraporn Pothisiri, Teerayuth Rungnirundorn

Chulalongkorn Medical Journal

Background: Having the meaning of life plays an essential part in human life. It is shown to affect one’s perspective towards life and way of living, and is positively correlated with physical and mental health status. However, the meaning of life in palliative care staff was not yet explored. Objectives: This study aimed to uncover the meaning of life among the palliative care professionals, and to determine factors contributing to the meanings. The associations between the meaning of life and their professions and the way of life were also studied. Methods: Qualitative descriptive method was employed. Twelve palliative care professionals …


Design And Evaluation Of An Artificial Positive Control Construct For Detection Of The Novel Coronavirus 2019 Using Triplex Pcr, Afshin Samiminemati, Mehdi Zeinoddini, Nasrin Xodadadi, Fatemeh Sheikhi Apr 2022

Design And Evaluation Of An Artificial Positive Control Construct For Detection Of The Novel Coronavirus 2019 Using Triplex Pcr, Afshin Samiminemati, Mehdi Zeinoddini, Nasrin Xodadadi, Fatemeh Sheikhi

Chulalongkorn Medical Journal

Background: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV2) is a novel-emerged strain with the person-to-person transmission that had never been found in humans. The main method for the identification of SARS-CoV2 is the genome-based reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) using expensive instrument (real time thermal cycler); therefore, viral RNA is required to perform PCR reaction. On the other hand, false-positive or negative results of RT-PCR detection of this virus are a challenge for all clinical laboratories. One smart and scientific strategy for solving this problem is designing an artificial positive control construct. Objectives: To design and evaluate this positive …