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Full-Text Articles in Law

Jurisdictional Issues For Cross-Border Copyright Infringement: A Study On Fansite Products, Naura Nabila Ikhsani Aulia Wibowo Jul 2024

Jurisdictional Issues For Cross-Border Copyright Infringement: A Study On Fansite Products, Naura Nabila Ikhsani Aulia Wibowo

Journal of Private International Law Studies

Korean pop (K-Pop) and its fandom culture have penetrated Indonesia, resulting in a flourishing K-pop product sector. Fansite goods, fan-made merchandise originating in Korea, are one of the most popular merchandise among fans. However, because Indonesian fans' purchasing power is still restricted, many of them resort to copyright infringement of fansite goods in order to either own or gain profit from the merchandise. This article will explain whether fansite goods are protected by copyright from which country, and if so, which jurisdiction and law is applicable to rule on a dispute of fansite goods copyright infringement perpetrated by an Indonesian …


The Evolving Scope Of Ipr Estoppel As Applied To System And Product Prior Art, Michael Rueckheim, Richard Jung May 2024

The Evolving Scope Of Ipr Estoppel As Applied To System And Product Prior Art, Michael Rueckheim, Richard Jung

Chicago-Kent Journal of Intellectual Property

No abstract provided.


Consider The Grecian Urn: Why Prior Art Has No Place In Analyzing Substantial Similarity Under The Copyright Act, Steven T. Lowe, Scott Alan Burroughs May 2024

Consider The Grecian Urn: Why Prior Art Has No Place In Analyzing Substantial Similarity Under The Copyright Act, Steven T. Lowe, Scott Alan Burroughs

Chicago-Kent Journal of Intellectual Property

No abstract provided.


The Ethics Of Patents In The Medical Field: An Analysis Of Drug And Pharmaceutical Patents And Their Enforcement In The U.S. And France, Andrew Slutsky May 2024

The Ethics Of Patents In The Medical Field: An Analysis Of Drug And Pharmaceutical Patents And Their Enforcement In The U.S. And France, Andrew Slutsky

Chicago-Kent Journal of Intellectual Property

No abstract provided.


Ipr Estoppel And A Search For The Skilled Searcher Standard, Gabriel Steinberg May 2024

Ipr Estoppel And A Search For The Skilled Searcher Standard, Gabriel Steinberg

Chicago-Kent Journal of Intellectual Property

Interpretation of post-AIA IPR estoppel, codified in U.S.C. § 315(e)(2), is an issue at the forefront of patent litigation and plays an important role in the litigation process and strategy. The Federal Cir-cuit’s April 2023 ruling in Ironburg Inventions Ltd. v. Valve Corp., adopted the “skilled searcher standard” and provided some clarity re-garding the meaning of the § 315(e)(2) language, “reasonably could have raised.” While Ironburg did hold that prior art which “reasonably could have been raised” is that which “a skilled searcher conducting a diligent search reasonably would have been expected to discover,” questions pertaining to what exactly is …


Iconic Copiestm, Felicia Caponigri May 2024

Iconic Copiestm, Felicia Caponigri

Chicago-Kent Journal of Intellectual Property

There is a word that is prevalent today in marketing campaigns, ed-itorials, and our everyday language: iconic. “Iconic” is not only preva-lent as a word in everyday life. Iconic can also have legal significance. As I introduce in this article, the concept of iconic and its use by brands in trademark registrations, oppositions, and litigation has significant and underappreciated consequences under the law. There has yet been no study on the word “iconic” or the legal significance of iconic, de-spite the word’s creeping use in legal filings and claims. My article fills this gap by introducing the concept of iconic …


Review Of Patent Owner Estoppel Under 37 C.F.R. § 42.73(D), Daniel Sloan, Sarah Geers, Jack Graves, Sabrina Bellantoni, Matt Johnson May 2024

Review Of Patent Owner Estoppel Under 37 C.F.R. § 42.73(D), Daniel Sloan, Sarah Geers, Jack Graves, Sabrina Bellantoni, Matt Johnson

Chicago-Kent Journal of Intellectual Property

No abstract provided.


How Redistricting Affects Native Representation: The Turtle Mountain Band Of Chippewa, Ryland Mahre May 2024

How Redistricting Affects Native Representation: The Turtle Mountain Band Of Chippewa, Ryland Mahre

American Indian Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Digital Allotment And Vanishing Indians: Idsov And Llms, Sam Mcveety May 2024

Digital Allotment And Vanishing Indians: Idsov And Llms, Sam Mcveety

American Indian Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Participation In Paradise?: Indigenous Participation And Environmental Decisionmaking In HawaiʻI, Lindsay Peterson May 2024

Participation In Paradise?: Indigenous Participation And Environmental Decisionmaking In HawaiʻI, Lindsay Peterson

American Indian Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Obtaining Trademark Registration For Marks Containing Political Commentary: A Look Into Vidal V. Elster, Annick Runyon May 2024

Obtaining Trademark Registration For Marks Containing Political Commentary: A Look Into Vidal V. Elster, Annick Runyon

University of Miami Law Review

For decades, courts have struggled with balancing trademark law with the First Amendment—specifically with cases challenging the denial of trademark registration of certain marks. Congress codified trademark registration through the Lanham Act, also known as the Trademark Act of 1946. This statute outlines the registration process and expands the rights of trademark owners. In recent years, a string of cases have ruled certain provisions of the Lanham Act that bar certain marks from registration unconstitutional.

Currently under review by the Supreme Court, the case Vidal v. Elster involves an applicant who was denied trademark registration for his mark “Trump Too …


Limitations And Exceptions In The Wipo Instrument On Genetic Resources And Associated Traditional Knowledge, Sean Flynn May 2024

Limitations And Exceptions In The Wipo Instrument On Genetic Resources And Associated Traditional Knowledge, Sean Flynn

Joint PIJIP/TLS Research Paper Series

One of the hot topics in the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) diplomatic conference on an instrument on “Intellectual Property, Genetic Resources and Traditional Knowledge Associated with Genetic Resources” is whether and what exceptions language should be included in the text. At the brief public report from Committee I on May 15, 2024, the Chair reported: “There appears to be adequate support for eliminating Article 4, limitations and exceptions. Some parties opposed.” This Blog provides some background information on the Article and analysis of potentially applicable models and concepts for the provision, including analysis of similar treaties with no exceptions.


Era Of Confusion: The State Of Patent Eligibility Jurisprudence And The Need For Intervention, Alyssa Boggs May 2024

Era Of Confusion: The State Of Patent Eligibility Jurisprudence And The Need For Intervention, Alyssa Boggs

St. Mary's Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Sanctions For Non Disclosure, As Set Out In Article 6 Of The Wipo Basic Proposal On Intellectual Property, Genetic Resources And Traditional Knowledge, Should Include Possible Revocation Of A Patent, James Love, Claire Cassedy May 2024

Sanctions For Non Disclosure, As Set Out In Article 6 Of The Wipo Basic Proposal On Intellectual Property, Genetic Resources And Traditional Knowledge, Should Include Possible Revocation Of A Patent, James Love, Claire Cassedy

Joint PIJIP/TLS Research Paper Series

The basic proposal for an international legal instrument relating to intellectual property, genetic resources and traditional knowledge associated with genetic resources prepared by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) Secretariat (GRATK/DC/3) sets out in its Article 3 a narrow obligation to disclose (1) the country of origin of the genetic resource, or if not known, its source, and (2) the Indigenous Peoples or local community that provided traditional knowledge associated with the genetic resource, or the source of such knowledge.

Article 6 of the basic proposal sets out the sanctions and remedies for failures to make such disclosures. Among the …


A Right To Republish: Redesigning Copyright Law For Research Works, Faith O. Majekolagbe May 2024

A Right To Republish: Redesigning Copyright Law For Research Works, Faith O. Majekolagbe

Minnesota Journal of Law, Science & Technology

No abstract provided.


Generative Ai, Plagiarism, And Copyright Infringement In Legal Documents, Amy B. Cyphert May 2024

Generative Ai, Plagiarism, And Copyright Infringement In Legal Documents, Amy B. Cyphert

Minnesota Journal of Law, Science & Technology

No abstract provided.


Improving Ethics Surrounding Collegiate-Level Hacking Education: Recommended Implementation Plan & Affiliation With Peer-Led Initiatives, Shannon Morgan, Dr. Sanjay Goel May 2024

Improving Ethics Surrounding Collegiate-Level Hacking Education: Recommended Implementation Plan & Affiliation With Peer-Led Initiatives, Shannon Morgan, Dr. Sanjay Goel

Military Cyber Affairs

Cybersecurity has become a pertinent concern, as novel technological innovations create opportunities for threat actors to exfiltrate sensitive data. To meet the demand for professionals in the workforce, universities have ramped up their academic offerings to provide a broad range of cyber-related programs (e.g., cybersecurity, informatics, information technology, digital forensics, computer science, & engineering). As the tactics, techniques, and procedures (TTPs) of hackers evolve, the knowledge and skillset required to be an effective cybersecurity professional have escalated accordingly. Therefore, it is critical to train cyber students both technically and theoretically to actively combat cyber criminals and protect the confidentiality, integrity, …


Using Digital Twins To Protect Biomanufacturing From Cyberattacks, Brenden Fraser-Hevlin, Alec W. Schuler, B. Arda Gozen, Bernard J. Van Wie May 2024

Using Digital Twins To Protect Biomanufacturing From Cyberattacks, Brenden Fraser-Hevlin, Alec W. Schuler, B. Arda Gozen, Bernard J. Van Wie

Military Cyber Affairs

Understanding of the intersection of cyber vulnerabilities and bioprocess regulation is critical with the rise of artificial intelligence and machine learning in manufacturing. We detail a case study in which we model cyberattacks on network-mediated signals from a novel bioreactor, where it is important to control medium feed rates to maintain cell proliferation. We use a digital twin counterpart reactor to compare glucose and oxygen sensor signals from the bioreactor to predictions from a kinetic growth model, allowing discernment of faulty sensors from hacked signals. Our results demonstrate a successful biomanufacturing cyberattack detection system based on fundamental process control principles.


Characterizing Advanced Persistent Threats Through The Lens Of Cyber Attack Flows, Logan Zeien, Caleb Chang, Ltc Ekzhin Ear, Dr. Shouhuai Xu May 2024

Characterizing Advanced Persistent Threats Through The Lens Of Cyber Attack Flows, Logan Zeien, Caleb Chang, Ltc Ekzhin Ear, Dr. Shouhuai Xu

Military Cyber Affairs

Effective cyber defense must build upon a deep understanding of real-world cyberattacks to guide the design and deployment of appropriate defensive measures against current and future attacks. In this abridged paper (of which the full paper is available online), we present important concepts for understanding Advanced Persistent Threats (APTs), our methodology to characterize APTs through the lens of attack flows, and a detailed case study of APT28 that demonstrates our method’s viability to draw useful insights. This paper makes three technical contributions. First, we propose a novel method of constructing attack flows to describe APTs. This abstraction allows technical audiences, …


Securing The Void: Assessing The Dynamic Threat Landscape Of Space, Brianna Bace, Dr. Unal Tatar May 2024

Securing The Void: Assessing The Dynamic Threat Landscape Of Space, Brianna Bace, Dr. Unal Tatar

Military Cyber Affairs

Outer space is a strategic and multifaceted domain that is a crossroads for political, military, and economic interests. From a defense perspective, the U.S. military and intelligence community rely heavily on satellite networks to meet national security objectives and execute military operations and intelligence gathering. This paper examines the evolving threat landscape of the space sector, encompassing natural and man-made perils, emphasizing the rise of cyber threats and the complexity introduced by dual-use technology and commercialization. It also explores the implications for security and resilience, advocating for collaborative efforts among international organizations, governments, and industry to safeguard the space sector.


Commercial Enablers Of China’S Cyber-Intelligence And Information Operations, Ethan Mansour, Victor Mukora May 2024

Commercial Enablers Of China’S Cyber-Intelligence And Information Operations, Ethan Mansour, Victor Mukora

Military Cyber Affairs

In a globally commercialized information environment, China uses evolving commercial enabler networks to position and project its goals. They do this through cyber, intelligence, and information operations. This paper breaks down the types of commercial enablers and how they are used operationally. It will also address the CCP's strategy to gather and influence foreign and domestic populations throughout cyberspace. Finally, we conclude with recommendations for mitigating the influence of PRC commercial enablers.


Copyright & Modding In The Modern Gamespace, Josephine Railston May 2024

Copyright & Modding In The Modern Gamespace, Josephine Railston

Student Scholar Symposium Abstracts and Posters

In the modern gamespace, modding has become an excellent opportunity for video game enthusiasts to express their creativity and love for a game; but what happens when that passion is stifled by a major company? My poster presentation will examine the ethics behind modding and ROM hacking, from both the perspectives of major video game corporations as well as their fanbase at large. We will analyze this issue using the case study of Pokémon Prism, a Pokémon Crystal ROM hack, which was canceled days prior to its release following a cease and desist by Nintendo. More specifically, we will investigate …


Gene Patents: Striking The Right Balance Between Incentive And Innovation, Josh Saul May 2024

Gene Patents: Striking The Right Balance Between Incentive And Innovation, Josh Saul

Fordham Law Review

The U.S. Supreme Court held human genes to be unpatentable subject matter in Association for Molecular Pathology v. Myriad Genetics, Inc. The implications from this decision were, and to a large extent still are, unclear. However, in the decade since this decision, a number of studies have begun to shed light on the fallout of Myriad. This Note examines such studies and finds that they suggest a decline in investment and innovation in the biotech industry. In order to promote research and innovation in the field of genetics, this Note then advocates for legislative action to reestablish the …


Downstreaming, Rachel Landy Apr 2024

Downstreaming, Rachel Landy

Articles

Spotify and its competitors all offer the same product at the same price. Why? Scholars have argued that relationships can be designed in a way that naturally promotes innovation. By “braiding” certain formal contracting practices with informal enforcement norms, parties develop a frame-work that supports trust and positive, long-term collaboration. This Article takes on this consensus and shows that not all braiding is good. Using the multibillion-dollar subscription music streaming business as an illustration, it demonstrates just how industry forces can, and do, overcome braiding’s positive slant. In that industry, the major record labels (Universal, Warner, and Sony) weaponize braiding …


Beyond Patents: Incentive Strategies For Ocean Plastic Remediation Technologies, Jacob Stotser Apr 2024

Beyond Patents: Incentive Strategies For Ocean Plastic Remediation Technologies, Jacob Stotser

Duke Law & Technology Review

With a garbage truck’s worth of plastic being dumped in the ocean each minute, there is a dire need for effective technological solutions aimed at mitigating the marine plastic pollution problem. However, the reliance of the U.S. patent system on market demand to incentivize this type of innovation has proven insufficient in light of the peculiarities of “green” technologies. To remedy this, this article proposes a multi-faceted incentivization approach that looks beyond the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office to stimulate the development of remediation technologies through comprehensive regulatory interventions, the establishment of prize funds and other alternative incentive mechanisms, and …


No Flash Photography Please: An Analysis Of Corporate Use Of Street Art Under Section 120(A) Of The Awcpa, Sierra Epke Apr 2024

No Flash Photography Please: An Analysis Of Corporate Use Of Street Art Under Section 120(A) Of The Awcpa, Sierra Epke

University of Miami Law Review

Street art and graffiti are pervasive artforms found throughout the world and throughout history. While the artforms have been associated with crime and vandalism in the past, they have increasingly been featured in different capacities from art galleries to corporate marketing campaigns. With street art’s growing recognition and popularity, corporations have begun to use the medium to target new customer bases. In some situations, the use of artwork in marketing campaigns is unsanctioned by the artist. Therefore, courts have now begun to examine the balance between copyright protection for street artists and the corporate use of street art. Section 120(a) …


Enhancing Public Access To Agency Law, Bernard Bell, Cary Coglianese, Michael Herz, Margaret Kwoka, Orly Lobel Apr 2024

Enhancing Public Access To Agency Law, Bernard Bell, Cary Coglianese, Michael Herz, Margaret Kwoka, Orly Lobel

Articles

A just, democratic society governed by the rule of law requires that the law be available, not hidden. This principle extends to legal materials produced by administrative agencies, all of which should be made widely accessible to the public. Federal agencies in the United States do disclose online many legal documents—sometimes voluntarily, sometimes in compliance with statutory requirements. But the scope and consistency of these disclosures leaves considerable room for improvement. After conducting a year-long study for the Administrative Conference of the United States, we identified seventeen possible statutory amendments that would improve proactive online disclosure of agency legal materials. …


Aiming For Fairness: An Exploration Into Getty Images V. Stability Ai And Its Importance In The Landscape Of Modern Copyright Law, Matthew Coulter Apr 2024

Aiming For Fairness: An Exploration Into Getty Images V. Stability Ai And Its Importance In The Landscape Of Modern Copyright Law, Matthew Coulter

DePaul Journal of Art, Technology & Intellectual Property Law

No abstract provided.


A Timeless Principle: Copyright Before The Statute Of Anne, Victoria Lieberman Apr 2024

A Timeless Principle: Copyright Before The Statute Of Anne, Victoria Lieberman

DePaul Journal of Art, Technology & Intellectual Property Law

No abstract provided.


Innovation At A Crossroads: The Supreme Court's Influence On Pharmaceuticals, Trade Policies, And Public Health, Beau Reeves Apr 2024

Innovation At A Crossroads: The Supreme Court's Influence On Pharmaceuticals, Trade Policies, And Public Health, Beau Reeves

DePaul Journal of Art, Technology & Intellectual Property Law

No abstract provided.