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Intellectual Property Law

2017

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Full-Text Articles in Law

Tcl V. Ericsson: The First Major U.S. Top-Down Frand Royalty Decision, Jorge L. Contreras Dec 2017

Tcl V. Ericsson: The First Major U.S. Top-Down Frand Royalty Decision, Jorge L. Contreras

Utah Law Faculty Scholarship

On December 21, 2017, the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California released its long awaited Memorandum of Findings of Fact and Conclusions of Law in TCL Communications v. Ericsson. In a lengthy and carefully crafted decision, Judge James Selna sets forth some important new points regarding the calculation of fair, reasonable and non-discriminatory (FRAND) royalties for standardsessential patents (SEPs). Among other things, the decision offers a strong endorsement of “top down” methodologies for the calculation of SEP royalties, and makes significant use of the non-discrimination (ND) prong of the FRAND commitment in arriving at a FRAND ...


Copyright And Distributive Justice, Justin Hughes, Robert P. Merges Dec 2017

Copyright And Distributive Justice, Justin Hughes, Robert P. Merges

Robert P Merges

Is our copyright system basically fair? Does it exacerbate or ameliorate the skewed distribution of wealth in our society? Does it do anything at all for disempowered people, people at the bottom of the socio-economic hierarchy? In this Article we engage these questions. Our goal is to begin a more comprehensive discussion of the effect the copyright system has on the allocation of wealth in our society.


Restructuring Intellectual Property Jurisdictions Post-Brexit: Strategic Considerations For The Eu And Britain, Alexandra George Dec 2017

Restructuring Intellectual Property Jurisdictions Post-Brexit: Strategic Considerations For The Eu And Britain, Alexandra George

Brooklyn Journal of International Law

Britain’s decision to “Brexit” from the European Union has caused great uncertainty and justified concern with respect to intellectual property laws and investments. Post-Brexit arrangements between the European Union and Britain have not yet been determined, and it is unclear whether these will be settled with respect to intellectual property law before Brexit is due to take effect in 2019. With intellectual property intensive industries accounting for 88 percent of EU imports and 90 percent of EU exports, British-EU intellectual property arrangements are the subject of intense interest worldwide as intellectual property owners and users speculate as to the ...


Slipping Through The Cracks: How Digital Music Streaming Cuts Corners On Artists’ Royalty Revenues Globally, Frances Lewis Dec 2017

Slipping Through The Cracks: How Digital Music Streaming Cuts Corners On Artists’ Royalty Revenues Globally, Frances Lewis

Brooklyn Journal of International Law

At a time when the digital distribution of music is dominating the music industry, there are more music consumers than ever. This makes it vitally important for performing artists to receive the credit they are due. An inherent problem in music’s digital distribution market is that music streaming companies often fail to acquire proper licenses to expand their music libraries faster than their competitors. Performing artists who may not have the same income stream as their A-list counterparts often cannot bear the cost of litigation to pursue uncredited royalties. The U.S. class action model provides performing artists with ...


Surveying The Scalability Of Open Access Monograph Initiatives: Final Report, Christopher Barnes,, Rebecca Welzenbach, Kathleen Folger Dec 2017

Surveying The Scalability Of Open Access Monograph Initiatives: Final Report, Christopher Barnes,, Rebecca Welzenbach, Kathleen Folger

Copyright, Fair Use, Scholarly Communication, etc.

In June of 2016, the University of Michigan Library (MLibrary) and Knowledge Unlatched (KU) announced the start of a collaboration “to study and overcome remaining obstacles to the spread of open access scholarly publishing in the humanities and social sciences.”1 This survey grew out of that partnership and was designed to gather data useful for determining the scalability of library-supported open access (OA) initiatives focusing on monographs in the Humanities and Social Sciences such as Luminos, Open Book Publishers, and KU. The survey was designed and conducted by Christopher A. Barnes, Ph.D., while a graduate student in library ...


The America Invents Act: Strategic Perspectives, Sharon Barner, Hal Wegner, Jonathan Spivey, W. Keith Robinson Dec 2017

The America Invents Act: Strategic Perspectives, Sharon Barner, Hal Wegner, Jonathan Spivey, W. Keith Robinson

SMU Science and Technology Law Review

No abstract provided.


A Hole In The Need Of Mending: Copyright And The Individual Marking Of Advertisements Published In Collective Works, Randy Gordon Dec 2017

A Hole In The Need Of Mending: Copyright And The Individual Marking Of Advertisements Published In Collective Works, Randy Gordon

SMU Science and Technology Law Review

No abstract provided.


Sharing Stupid $H*T With Friends And Followers: The First Amendment Rights Of College Athletes To Use Social Media, Mary Margaret Meg Penrose Dec 2017

Sharing Stupid $H*T With Friends And Followers: The First Amendment Rights Of College Athletes To Use Social Media, Mary Margaret Meg Penrose

SMU Science and Technology Law Review

No abstract provided.


Foreword: The Food Law Era, Nathan Cortez Dec 2017

Foreword: The Food Law Era, Nathan Cortez

SMU Science and Technology Law Review

No abstract provided.


Misconstruing Whistleblower Immunity Under The Defend Trade Secrets Act, Peter S. Menell Dec 2017

Misconstruing Whistleblower Immunity Under The Defend Trade Secrets Act, Peter S. Menell

Peter Menell

In crafting the Defend Trade Secrets Act of 2016 (DTSA), Congress went beyond the federalization of state trade secret protection to tackle a broader social justice problem: the misuse of nondisclosure agreements (NDAs) to discourage reporting of illegal activity in a variety of areas. The past few decades have witnessed devastating government contracting abuses, regulatory violations, and deceptive financial schemes that have hurt the public and cost taxpayers and investors billions of dollars. Congress recognized that immunizing whistleblowers from the cost and risk of trade secret liability for providing information to the Government could spur law enforcement. But could this ...


Economic Implications Of State Sovereign Immunity From Infringement Of Federal Intellectual Property Rights, Peter S. Menell Dec 2017

Economic Implications Of State Sovereign Immunity From Infringement Of Federal Intellectual Property Rights, Peter S. Menell

Peter Menell

No abstract provided.


"The Exclusive Right To Their Writings": Copyright And Control In The Digital Age, Jane C. Ginsburg Dec 2017

"The Exclusive Right To Their Writings": Copyright And Control In The Digital Age, Jane C. Ginsburg

Maine Law Review

The recent coincidence of new technology and new legislation in the United States may have enhanced the ability of U.S. copyright owners to wield electronic protective measures to control the exploitation of their works. The legislation, which reinforces the technology, has led many to perceive and to deplore a resulting imbalance between copyright owners and the copyright-using public. Critics assert that the goals of copyright law have never been, and should not now become, to grant “control” over works of authorship. Instead, copyright should accord certain limited rights over some kinds of exploitations. Economic incentives to create may be ...


Freeing The Mind: Free Software And The Death Of Proprietary Culture, Eben Moglen Dec 2017

Freeing The Mind: Free Software And The Death Of Proprietary Culture, Eben Moglen

Maine Law Review

The subject matter we are going to talk about is variously named and the words have some resonances of importance. I am going to use the phrase “Free Software” to describe this material, and I am going to suggest to you that the choice of words is relevant. We are talking not merely about a form of production or a system of industrial relations, but also about the beginning of a social movement with specific political goals, which will characterize not only the production of software in the twenty-first century, but the production and distribution of culture generally.


Copyright Infringement In Sound Recording: How Courts And Legislatures Can Get In Vogue In A Post-Ciccone World, Kristen B. Kennedy Dec 2017

Copyright Infringement In Sound Recording: How Courts And Legislatures Can Get In Vogue In A Post-Ciccone World, Kristen B. Kennedy

Journal of Law and Policy

Music sampling is a legally complex and ambiguous area, with staggeringly high costs attached for copyright infringers. The legality of sampling frequently depends upon what jurisdiction the inquiry into the sampling takes place in, and has been guided by inconsistently applied doctrines of fair use, de minimis, and copyright infringement. The Ninth Circuit’s decision in VMG Salsoul v. Ciccone has dramatically highlighted these inconsistencies. This note suggests a four-part solution to resolve the tensions in copyrightable sound recordings magnified by the recent circuit split created by VMG Salsoul v. Ciccone. It incorporates elements of de minimis and fair use ...


Eu Sep Communication Summary And Commentary - Tilec 2nd Conference On Competition, Standardization And Innovation, Jorge L. Contreras Dec 2017

Eu Sep Communication Summary And Commentary - Tilec 2nd Conference On Competition, Standardization And Innovation, Jorge L. Contreras

Utah Law Faculty Scholarship

These slides briefly summarize the main points of the European Commission's Nov. 29, 2017 Communication on Standards Essential Patents (SEPs)


Mandatory Deposit Laws In Selected Jurisdictions (2017 Update), Global Legal Research Center Dec 2017

Mandatory Deposit Laws In Selected Jurisdictions (2017 Update), Global Legal Research Center

Copyright, Fair Use, Scholarly Communication, etc.

Summary

This report, which updates and expands on a report prepared by Law Library staff in March 2015, contains data on 131 countries, indicating whether or not published books are subject to a mandatory deposit requirement at the national level and, if so, how many copies are required, where they must be deposited, and whether the deposit is part of the copyright system. Citations to the controlling legislation for mandatory deposits are provided. In all but thirteen of the jurisdictions surveyed, deposits are required. For some of these thirteen jurisdictions, deposits are voluntary, while in others, no information regarding deposit ...


Oer State Policy Playbook [Draft], Sparc Dec 2017

Oer State Policy Playbook [Draft], Sparc

Copyright, Fair Use, Scholarly Communication, etc.

Why State-Level OER Policy?

The rising cost of higher education is about more than tuition—expensive textbooks and course materials remain a looming barrier to college affordability and access. Open educational resources (OER) are a solution to high-cost materials and state legislators are starting to take notice. Open Educational Resources (OER) are teaching and learning materials that can be freely used, downloaded and shared to better serve all students. OER include all kinds of content such as textbooks, lesson plans, assignments, games, and more, and can include printed materials, not just digital materials. Nearly half of all states have considered ...


Fashion Law: More Than Wigs, Gowns, And Intellectual Property, Mark K. Brewer Dec 2017

Fashion Law: More Than Wigs, Gowns, And Intellectual Property, Mark K. Brewer

San Diego Law Review

[T]his article frames the emerging field of fashion law and synthesizes its substance from an international perspective in order to raise the profile of fundamental areas in which the law and fashion intersect as well as identify key areas for future research. Part II examines the background on fashion law, initially focusing on its origins and then examining IP, traditionally the main area of the field. Additionally, the Article defines, frames, and justifies the emerging field of fashion law. Because an exhaustive analysis of the emerging trends in fashion law is beyond the scope of this Article, Part III ...


Safeguarding Washington's Trade Secrets: Protecting Businesses From Public Records Requests, John Delaney Dec 2017

Safeguarding Washington's Trade Secrets: Protecting Businesses From Public Records Requests, John Delaney

Washington Law Review

Lawmakers constantly balance competing interests. They decide where to draw lines so that societal goals are accomplished without ignoring the needs of those who will be affected by their choices. The Washington State Legislature is now in the process of addressing the line between government transparency and the protection of private companies’ trade secrets. Companies who provide technology to the federal government are susceptible to losing their trade secrets through a public records request. The Washington State Legislature is currently reviewing the trade secret exception to the Public Records Act to ensure it is continuing to protect companies from losing ...


The Supreme People's Court's Annual Report On Intellectual Property Cases (2016) (China), Tianyi (Tammy) Wu, Xiaoyang Wang Dec 2017

The Supreme People's Court's Annual Report On Intellectual Property Cases (2016) (China), Tianyi (Tammy) Wu, Xiaoyang Wang

Washington International Law Journal

The Supreme People’s Court of China began publishing its Annual Report on Intellectual Property Cases in 2008. The Annual Report summarizes intellectual property cases, such as patent, trademark, copyright, trade secrets, and unfair competition cases. This 2016 Annual Report examines 27 cases and includes general guidelines for legal application. It reflects the Supreme People’s Court’s thoughts and approaches for ruling on new, difficult, and complex IP and competition cases.


Next Generation Repositories: Behaviours And Technical Recommendations Of The Coar Next Generation Repositories Working Group, Confederation Of Open Access Repositories, Eloy Rodrigues, Kathleen Shearer Nov 2017

Next Generation Repositories: Behaviours And Technical Recommendations Of The Coar Next Generation Repositories Working Group, Confederation Of Open Access Repositories, Eloy Rodrigues, Kathleen Shearer

Copyright, Fair Use, Scholarly Communication, etc.

In April 2016, the Confederation of Open Access Repositories (COAR) launched the Next Generation Repository Working Group to identify new functionalities and technologies for repositories. In this report, we are pleased to present the results of the work of this group, including recommendations for the adoption of new technologies, standards, and protocols that will help repositories become more integrated into the web environment and enable them to play a larger role in the scholarly communication ecosystem.

At COAR, we believe the globally distributed network of more than 3000 repositories can be leveraged to create a more sustainable and innovative system ...


Trademark Morality, Mark Bartholomew Nov 2017

Trademark Morality, Mark Bartholomew

Mark Bartholomew

This Article challenges the modern rationale for trademark rights. According to both judges and legal scholars, what matters in adjudicating trademark cases are the economic consequences, particularly for consumers, of a defendant’s use of a mark, not the use’s morality. Nevertheless, under this utilitarian facade, there are also at work judicial assessments of highly charged questions of right and wrong. Recent findings in the field of moral psychology demonstrate the influence of particular moral triggers in all areas of human decisionmaking, often operating without conscious awareness. These triggers influence judges deciding trademark disputes. A desire to punish bad ...


Intellectual Property’S Lessons For Information Privacy, Mark Bartholomew Nov 2017

Intellectual Property’S Lessons For Information Privacy, Mark Bartholomew

Mark Bartholomew

There is an inherent tension between an individual’s desire to safeguard her personal information and the expressive rights of businesses seeking to communicate that information to others. This tension has multiplied as consumers generate and businesses collect more and more personal data online, forcing efforts to strike an appropriate balance between privacy and commercial speech. No consensus on this balance has been reached. Some privacy scholars bemoan what they see as a slanted playing field in favor of those wishing to profit from the private details of other people’s lives. Others contend that the right in free expression ...


Private Law And The Future Of Patents, Oskar Liivak Nov 2017

Private Law And The Future Of Patents, Oskar Liivak

Oskar Liivak

As it operates today, patent law does not qualify as private law and, without change, I doubt it ever will. For some, this is as it should be and any private law aspects that remain in the patent system should be purged. The basic argument is that the dominant theory of patents is just not compatible with private law and patent doctrine should reflect a pure public law theoretical basis. I agree that today's dominant patent theory is incompatible with private law principles. Yet agreeing with that inherent incompatibility does not imply that doctrine needs to be reformed. There ...


Reevaluating Intellectual Property Law In A 3d Printing Era., Lucas S. Osborn Nov 2017

Reevaluating Intellectual Property Law In A 3d Printing Era., Lucas S. Osborn

Lucas S. Osborn

No abstract provided.


Background Note: Standard Essential Patents, Innovation And Competition: Challenges In India, Arpan Banerjee Nov 2017

Background Note: Standard Essential Patents, Innovation And Competition: Challenges In India, Arpan Banerjee

IP Theory

In September 2014, a few months after a landslide election victory, the Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced the launch of “Make in India,” an ambitious program designed to turn India into a global manufacturing hub. One of the factors widely thought to be responsible for Modi’s victory was support from India’s “neo-middle class”—a young, newly- urbanized section of the electorate seeking employment and improved living standards but struggling amidst an economic downturn. In a speech inaugurating Make in India, Modi linked the program with the aspirations of this section of society. Modi stated the need to ...


Small Can Be Inventive: The Patentability Of Nanoscale Reproductions Of Macroscale Machines, Christopher Anderson Nov 2017

Small Can Be Inventive: The Patentability Of Nanoscale Reproductions Of Macroscale Machines, Christopher Anderson

William & Mary Business Law Review

Nanotechnology is a thriving new field of research. If even a fraction of the excitement surrounding the field proves to be true, there will be profound benefits in many aspects of our lives. Crucial to its development, however, will be the treatment of nanotechnology with respect to patents. This field has the unique potential to replicate existing machines and devices at a billionth of their size. In light of rulings that “mere scaling” of prior inventions does not create a patentable invention, problems with patentability might arise. This Note tackles this issue, considering the patentability requirements of novelty and non-obviousness ...


Rethinking Ucita: Lessons From The Open Source Movement, Matthew D. Stein Nov 2017

Rethinking Ucita: Lessons From The Open Source Movement, Matthew D. Stein

Maine Law Review

For those within the information technology (IT) industry, the phrase “open source” has been as prominent at water cooler and boardroom discussions over the last several years as the phrase “out source.” Open source is at once a software development model, a business model, a social movement, and a philosophy that has recently garnered attention from outside of the IT sphere. As such, the topic has become increasingly fertile ground for academic scholarship from several disciplines. Economists, legal academics and practitioners, computer engineers, and social commentators have offered their varying perspectives on open source software. Whether or not this attention ...


The Antitrusting Of Patentability, Saurabh Vishnubhakat Nov 2017

The Antitrusting Of Patentability, Saurabh Vishnubhakat

Faculty Scholarship

Deciding a patent’s validity is costly, and so is deciding it incorrectly. Judges and juries must expend significant resources in order to reach a patent validity determination that is properly informed by the relevant facts. At the same time, patent validity determinations reached quickly and cheaply may conserve resources today while creating future costs. Wrongly preserving an invalid patent can distort the competitive market and enable abuses, such as nuisance litigation. Meanwhile, wrongly striking down a valid patent can undermine incentives for continued investment and commercialization in knowledge assets. Courts facing patent validity issues have begun to strike this ...


New Wine, Old Wineskins: Application Of Intellectual Property Law To Web-Based Activity, Katherine G. Grincewich, Esq. Nov 2017

New Wine, Old Wineskins: Application Of Intellectual Property Law To Web-Based Activity, Katherine G. Grincewich, Esq.

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.