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Prospects For Solving The Problem Of Rational Use Of Water Resources Using The Tiiame-1 Sprinkling Machine, M.Kh. Khamidov, A.R. Muratov 2020 Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers

Prospects For Solving The Problem Of Rational Use Of Water Resources Using The Tiiame-1 Sprinkling Machine, M.Kh. Khamidov, A.R. Muratov

Irrigation and Melioration

The information published by the International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage, and the intermediate results of many years of research carried out by scientists from TIIAME on the development, research and implementation of water-saving technologies in agriculture are presented. The acute shortage of water resources in Central Asia, the problems of increasing the efficiency of the use of water-saving technologies around the world have led to the careful use of available water resources in the region, including the prospects and advantages of using irrigation of crops by sprinkling, as well as the design and technical parameters of the sprinkler developed ...


Inadequacy Of Current Water Use Planning At The Level Of Water Users And Wuas, A.A. Alimdjanov, A.Kh. Karimov, B.R. Nasibov 2020 Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers

Inadequacy Of Current Water Use Planning At The Level Of Water Users And Wuas, A.A. Alimdjanov, A.Kh. Karimov, B.R. Nasibov

Irrigation and Melioration

This paper studies the main issues of water use planning at the level of water consumers and water user associations (WUA). The study carried out in Bulakbashi district of Andijan province of Uzbekistan, where the main source of irrigation water is the Southern Fergana Main Canal. The study followed two-stage procedure. During the first stage we compiled water use plans for the WUA and water consumers based on the applied methodology of water use planning. Then, at the second stage, we analyzed the results of the actual implementation of the farm water consumption plans and WUA water use plan, and ...


Water Efficient Technology Of Drip Irrigation In Intensive Gardens, F.U. Juraev, G.H. Karimov 2020 Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers Bukhara Branch

Water Efficient Technology Of Drip Irrigation In Intensive Gardens, F.U. Juraev, G.H. Karimov

Irrigation and Melioration

The studies were carried out in 2017-2019 at the Zodabek farm on a 6 hectare garden plot with seedlings of half-tall apple trees “Golden Delicious”. Experimental research work was carried out at a groundwater level in the experimental area of 1.5-2.0 m, mineralization 1.0-1.2 g/l in alluvial, mechanical, medium sandy soils with the following irrigation options. The first option is irrigation, at the start of the second - drip irrigation; third, the use of specially designed soil pegs. The following results were obtained: in the control option, the average irrigation rate for three years was 1125 ...


Agrochemical Indicators Of New Irrigated Graph-Meadow Soils Formed On The Iii Underfladder Terrace Of Syrdarya, J.M. Kuziev 2020 Research institute of Soil science and Agrochemistry

Agrochemical Indicators Of New Irrigated Graph-Meadow Soils Formed On The Iii Underfladder Terrace Of Syrdarya, J.M. Kuziev

Irrigation and Melioration

Presents material on the geographical location, geomorphological and geological structure, as well as the agrochemical state of irrigated serozem-meadow soils, common in the Mirzaabad district of the Syrdarya region. According to the data obtained on the chemical analysis of soils, the studied soils are medium- and heavily loamy in texture, where particles of coarse sand predominate (0.05-0.01%). In the arable horizon of these soils, the humus content is 1.088-1.214%, total nitrogen 0.079-0.089%, total phosphorus 0.109-0.124%, and total potassium within 1.15-1.24%, and on the basis of these data, a regularity of ...


Car Wash Complex – Object Of Harmful Impact On Water Resources, M. Radkevich, K. Shipilova, M. Abdukodirova, O. Pochugevski 2020 Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers

Car Wash Complex – Object Of Harmful Impact On Water Resources, M. Radkevich, K. Shipilova, M. Abdukodirova, O. Pochugevski

Irrigation and Melioration

Deals with the problem of the impact of car wash complexes in the city of Tashkent on water resources. The analysis of the technological process of washing and a sociological survey of car owners and employees of car washes revealed the average amount of water used per car wash per year, as well as the amount of harmful substances entering the sewer network of the city of Tashkent. Calculations have shown that the annual water consumption only for passenger cars in Tashkent is about 4.34 million m3, and the wastewater is not properly treated. From one car wash ...


Forecasting The Dynamics Of Cotton Yield In The Ferghana Region, V. Vakhobov, А.А. Faiziev 2020 Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers

Forecasting The Dynamics Of Cotton Yield In The Ferghana Region, V. Vakhobov, А.А. Faiziev

Irrigation and Melioration

Observations of a certain phenomenon, the nature of which changes over time, give rise to an ordered sequence, which is called a time series. In the article, using the method of statistical time series analysis, statistical pattern of time series Y1 – average yield of cotton in Fergana region of the Republic of Uzbekistan(on materials of CSB of the Republic of Uzbekistan for 1991-2018 years). Point and interval estimates for the average cotton yield were constructed with a 95% guarantee, explicit types of trends were determined, and the yield in the region was predicted for subsequent years. Using statistical ...


Research The Chopper Apparatus Of Equipment For Chopping Pressed Rough Fodders, Sh.H. Gapparov, N.A. Ashurov 2020 Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers

Research The Chopper Apparatus Of Equipment For Chopping Pressed Rough Fodders, Sh.H. Gapparov, N.A. Ashurov

Irrigation and Melioration

Livestock is one of the most important agricultural sectors in Uzbekistan and it is based on family livestock farms. On family farms, livestock animals are fed with pressed roughage, including corn stalks, alfalfa hay, barbed straw and wheat straw, mixed with concentrated feed. However, due to the lack of small choppers suitable for small farms, the compressed feed is fed to animals without chopping, as a result of which about 25-30 percent of them go to waste and there are large losses. Taking this into account, a small device was developed for chopping pressed roughage and mixing it with concentrated ...


Urine Volume Reduction During Long-Duration Cave Exploration By A Light-Weight And Portable Forward Osmosis System, Sebastian Engelhardt, Katey E. Bender, Jörg Vogel, Stephen E. Duirk, Francisco B. Moore, Hazel A. Barton 2020 University of Akron

Urine Volume Reduction During Long-Duration Cave Exploration By A Light-Weight And Portable Forward Osmosis System, Sebastian Engelhardt, Katey E. Bender, Jörg Vogel, Stephen E. Duirk, Francisco B. Moore, Hazel A. Barton

International Journal of Speleology

The preservation of caves is a challenge during long-duration cave expeditions where human waste can add significant nitrogen to the cave ecosystem. Since the removal of urine that accumulates during a multi-day caving trip is not always feasible due to weight and volume constraints, a light-weight and portable filtration system that is capable of reducing urine volume would be desirable. In this study we tested the Aquaporin Inside hollow fiber membrane in a forward osmosis (FO) setup to evaluate its capability to reduce urine volume while rejecting nitrogenous compounds using different draw solution chemistries and water recovery rates. As a ...


A Modelling Study For Smart Pigging Technique For Pipeline Leak Detection, Caitlyn Judith Thiberville 2020 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

A Modelling Study For Smart Pigging Technique For Pipeline Leak Detection, Caitlyn Judith Thiberville

LSU Master's Theses

Although leak incidents continue, a pipeline remains the most reliable mode of transportation within the oil and gas industry. It becomes even more important today because the projection for new pipelines is expected to increase by 1 billion BOE through 2035. In addition, increasing number and length of subsea tiebacks face new challenges in term of data acquisition, monitoring, analysis, and remedial actions. Passive leak-detection methods commonly used in the industry have been successful with some limitations in that they often cannot detect small leaks and seeps. In addition to a thorough review of related topics, this study investigates how ...


Economic Assesment Of The Impact Of Climate Factors On Wheat Yield In Samarkand Region, Sh.B. Babakholov 2020 Tashkent State Agrarian University

Economic Assesment Of The Impact Of Climate Factors On Wheat Yield In Samarkand Region, Sh.B. Babakholov

Irrigation and Melioration

Agricultural production is highly vulnerable to climate shocks and predicted climate consequences may pose severe challenges to the resilience of Uzbek agricultural system, especially in terms of food security and income stability of rural producers. In this context, present study proposed to assess the impact of climate factors, such particular changes in mean temperature and rainfalls on total output of wheat-cultivating farmers in Samarkand region. By considering irrigation source and heterogeneous geography of the region, farmers engaged in wheat production were analyzed in two: upstream and downstream zones using Fixed effect panel approach. The empirical findings of study revealed that ...


Assessing Surface Water Features Using Landsat-8 Oli And Sentinel-1 Satellite Images Case Study Sirdaryo Region, S.M. Muratov, Kh.A. Abdivaitov, Sh.F. Rahmatillayev 2020 State Geodetic Inspection under the State Committee on Land Resources, Geodesy, Cartography and State Cadastre of the Republic of Uzbekistan

Assessing Surface Water Features Using Landsat-8 Oli And Sentinel-1 Satellite Images Case Study Sirdaryo Region, S.M. Muratov, Kh.A. Abdivaitov, Sh.F. Rahmatillayev

Irrigation and Melioration

Water resources have become a very big problem in every part of Uzbekistan for several decades. Water is used not only exclusively for agricultural development, but also for many other purposes, such as industrial and chemical activities. Therefore, it is important to study the properties of surface water objects using optical and microwave satellite images. The Syrdarya region was selected for research. Because in the past, there have been no studies of water bodies using satellite images. The article presents the results of studies on the assessment of water properties from optical and microwave satellite images. In research for optical ...


Determination And Assessment Of The Spatio-Temporal Changing Dynamics In The Groundwater Level And Mineralization In Irrigated Areas Under Climate Change (As An Example Of Syrdarya Province), S. Khasanov, S. Adilov, R. Kulmatov 2020 Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers

Determination And Assessment Of The Spatio-Temporal Changing Dynamics In The Groundwater Level And Mineralization In Irrigated Areas Under Climate Change (As An Example Of Syrdarya Province), S. Khasanov, S. Adilov, R. Kulmatov

Irrigation and Melioration

In the irrigated lands of the Aral Sea Basin, salinization processes are taking place as a result of rising groundwater levels and increasing its mineralization due to the unsustainable use of water and land resources. This, in turn, leads to the withdrawing of arable land and a decrease in crop yields. This is especially the case in the irrigated areas of the lower reaches of the Amudarya and Syrdarya rivers, located in Uzbekistan, southern Kazakhstan, and Turkmenistan. This research was aimed to learn and evaluate the long-term changing behavior of groundwater level and mineralization in the irrigated areas of the ...


A New Technical Solution For Cleaning The Water Intake Structure Of Pumping Stations From Siltation And Its Experimental Research, M.M. Mukhammadiev, S.R. Juraev 2020 Tashkent State Technical University

A New Technical Solution For Cleaning The Water Intake Structure Of Pumping Stations From Siltation And Its Experimental Research, M.M. Mukhammadiev, S.R. Juraev

Irrigation and Melioration

The article considers one of the most pressing problems of pumping stations in the irrigation system today, their blurring of the bottom of the water intake (avancamera and water intake chambers), analyzes the existing proposals, designs and technical solutions and their advantages and disadvantages. Given the above advantages and disadvantages, a new design has been proposed for the treatment of water intake structures from turbid sediments with minimal energy and capital expenditures, very cheap and simple to operate and reliable. The design includes a turbid suction pump and a turbid pump, as well as a pulp pipeline. The pressurized water ...


Distribution Of Pressure And Specific Energy In The Twirled Stream For Confusor, A.A. Yangiev, D.S. Adjimuratov 2020 Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers

Distribution Of Pressure And Specific Energy In The Twirled Stream For Confusor, A.A. Yangiev, D.S. Adjimuratov

Irrigation and Melioration

Article brings up the advantage of confusor part application in outflow part of vortex spillway, which may be more rational from the point of view of providing non-cavitation operation of flow swirler. Analytical design method and program developed is given of pressure and specific energy for aerated part of swirled flow in vortex spillway confusor part, which match with experimental results, it allows for fast and quite accurate realization of distribution analysis for pressure and specific energy in swirled flow along the length of the confusor for various rates of taper.


Planed Dimension Of Flow Deformed By A Single Dam That Is Impermeable To Water From The Body, M.R. Bakiev, K.T. Yakubov, I.J. Asamatdinov 2020 Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers

Planed Dimension Of Flow Deformed By A Single Dam That Is Impermeable To Water From The Body, M.R. Bakiev, K.T. Yakubov, I.J. Asamatdinov

Irrigation and Melioration

Coastal erosion is a type of water erosion that causes significant damage to the national economy each year: leaching of overland coastal crops, failure of protective dams, destruction of irrigation canals, dilapidated buildings and structures, among others. To combat leaching, cross-dams are used which are waterproof and water-permeable. The aim of this work was to develop a method for calculating the planned dimension of compressed flow with a transverse dam, which included comparing the lengths of the upper and lower tilt zones, the boundaries of individual zones and the results of research in the laboratory and in nature. According to ...


Modeling The Impact Of Changes In The Ground Water Level On The Stability Of Agricultural Landscapes Using Gis, A.M. Arifjanov, L.N. Samiev, F.K. Babajanov, G.M. Xamdamova, Sh.N. Yusupov 2020 Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers

Modeling The Impact Of Changes In The Ground Water Level On The Stability Of Agricultural Landscapes Using Gis, A.M. Arifjanov, L.N. Samiev, F.K. Babajanov, G.M. Xamdamova, Sh.N. Yusupov

Irrigation and Melioration

The article presents modern GIS methods for determining the stability of changes in irrigated areas and the depth of the ground water level.the most correct solutions are given in modeling this process. To distinguish agricultural landscapes, the classification of agricultural acreage in the lower part of the Amu Darya river region was made using 16-day periodic rasters 2017 of 2018 and the NDIS MOD13Q1 sensor of agricultural acreage, type NDVI. The annual change in the level of underground water in relation to the state of rivers and channels is analyzed. A steady change in agricultural acreage on the right ...


Increasing The Efficiency Of Water Distribution Management When Operating Pumping Stations Of The Irrigation System, O.Y. Glovatsky, R.R. Ergashev, B. Hamdamov, N.M. Ismailov, B.T. Kholbutaev 2020 Research Institute of Irrigation and Water Problems

Increasing The Efficiency Of Water Distribution Management When Operating Pumping Stations Of The Irrigation System, O.Y. Glovatsky, R.R. Ergashev, B. Hamdamov, N.M. Ismailov, B.T. Kholbutaev

Irrigation and Melioration

The article is to control the parameters of the unsteady movement of water in the canals and the pumping station, which ensure the maintenance of the specified operating modes of the pumping stations under non-stationary conditions. To achieve this goal, it is necessary to solve the problems of coordinating the operating modes of the units of the head pumping station (PS) with the operating modes of the partitioning structures in the conditions of emptying and filling the ponds of the main canal with water. The article discusses the implementation of the method of water distribution control on the mathematical model ...


Change In Level Water In Pumping-Plant Intake, R.R. Ergashev, B.T. Xolbutayev 2020 Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers

Change In Level Water In Pumping-Plant Intake, R.R. Ergashev, B.T. Xolbutayev

Irrigation and Melioration

A decrease in the water level in the pump chamber of the pumping stations leads to the formation of whirlpools in front of the suction pipes. As a result of air intake, the pump unit operates in cavitation mode and their intensive wear occurs. As the data obtained from the Karshi machine channel show, mainly a decrease in design water levels in the downstream waters is observed at the first pumping station. Depending on the number of simultaneously operating pumping units, the minimum water level in the head pumping station should be from 4.5 m to 5.7 m ...


Stabilization Of Discharge Processes Involved In Electrical Fields Of Electrostatic Precipitators, Sh.M. Muzafarov, B.N. Erkinov, A.I. Pardaev, V.E. Baliskiy, B.К. Tаgaev 2020 Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers

Stabilization Of Discharge Processes Involved In Electrical Fields Of Electrostatic Precipitators, Sh.M. Muzafarov, B.N. Erkinov, A.I. Pardaev, V.E. Baliskiy, B.К. Tаgaev

Irrigation and Melioration

The article provides information on achievements in the field of electrical gas cleaning. A critical analysis of the principle of operation of the electrostatic precipitators developed and currently in operation is carried out. The possibility of increasing the efficiency of electrical gas cleaning using unipolar voltage pulses is analyzed. A theoretical analysis of the processes in the discharge gap was carried out using the existing theory of electric discharges in gases. Based on the analysis of the data, the discharge mechanism is established in a sharply inhomogeneous electric field at a pulsed voltage. It is established that when using voltage ...


Research Of Energy Indicators Of Electric Drives With Frequency Converters (Frequency Converters) On The Operating Equipment Of Cotton Cleaning Plants, A.J. Isakov, B.K. Tukhtamishev, J.N. Tolipov 2020 Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers

Research Of Energy Indicators Of Electric Drives With Frequency Converters (Frequency Converters) On The Operating Equipment Of Cotton Cleaning Plants, A.J. Isakov, B.K. Tukhtamishev, J.N. Tolipov

Irrigation and Melioration

The article deals with the theoretical and practical substantiation of the replacement of an unregulated electric drive of the main technological equipment of cotton refineries with a frequency-controlled electric drive. The influence of a change in the load on the motor shaft on the main parameters of the steady state is considered. In an asynchronous motor, with an increase in the load, slip increases to such a value at which the torque of the motor balances the increased moment of resistance. Considering that when the stator slip resistance is less than the critical one is a small fraction of the ...


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