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Noncontact Liquid Crystalline Broadband Optoacoustic Sensors [U.S. Patent Us11366054b2], Hengky Chandrahalim, Michael T. Dela Cruz 2022 Air Force Institute of Technology

Noncontact Liquid Crystalline Broadband Optoacoustic Sensors [U.S. Patent Us11366054b2], Hengky Chandrahalim, Michael T. Dela Cruz

Faculty Publications

An optoacoustic sensor includes a liquid crystal (LC) cell formed between top and bottom plates of transparent material. A transverse grating formed across the LC cell that forms an optical transmission bandgap. A CL is aligned to form a spring-like, tunable Bragg grating that is naturally responsive to external agitations providing a spectral transition regime, or edge, in the optical transmission bandgap of the transverse grating that respond to broadband acoustic waves. The optoacoustic sensor includes a narrowband light source that is oriented to transmit light through the top plate, the LC cell, and the bottom plate. The optoacoustic sensor ...


Challenges And Signal Processing Of High Strain Rate Mechanical Testing, Barae Lamdini 2022 Mississippi State University

Challenges And Signal Processing Of High Strain Rate Mechanical Testing, Barae Lamdini

Theses and Dissertations

Dynamic testing provides valuable insight into the behavior of materials undergoing fast deformation. During Split-Hopkinson Pressure Bar testing, stress waves are measured using strain gauges as voltage variations that are usually very small. Therefore, an amplifier is required to amplify the data and analyze it. One of the few available amplifiers designed for this purpose is provided by Vishay Micro-Measurements which limits the user’s options when it comes to research or industry. Among the challenges of implementing the Hopkinson technology in the industry are the size and cost of the amplifier. In this work, we propose a novel design ...


Development And Evaluation Of Modeling Approaches For Extrusion-Based Additive Manufacturing Of Thermoplastics, Christopher C. Bock 2022 University of Maine

Development And Evaluation Of Modeling Approaches For Extrusion-Based Additive Manufacturing Of Thermoplastics, Christopher C. Bock

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This work focuses on evaluating different modeling approaches and model parameters for thermoplastic AM, with the goal of informing more efficient and effective modeling approaches. First, different modeling approaches were tested and compared to experiments. From this it was found that all three of the modeling approaches provide comparable results and provide similar results to experiments. Then one of the modeling approaches was tested on large scale geometries, and it was found that the model results matched experiments closely. Then the effect of different material properties was evaluated, this was done by performing a fractional factorial design of experiments where ...


Hinged Temperature-Immune Self-Referencing Fabry–Pérot Cavity Sensors [Us Patent Us11320596b2], Jeremiah C. Williams, Hengky Chandrahalim 2022 Air Force Institute of Technology

Hinged Temperature-Immune Self-Referencing Fabry–Pérot Cavity Sensors [Us Patent Us11320596b2], Jeremiah C. Williams, Hengky Chandrahalim

Faculty Publications

A passive microscopic Fabry-Pérot Interferometer (FPI) sensor includes a three-dimensional microscopic optical structure formed on a cleaved tip of the optical fighter using a two-photon polymerization process on a photosensitive polymer by a three-dimensional micromachining device. The three-dimensional microscopic optical structure having a hinged optical layer pivotally connected to a distal portion of a suspended structure. A reflective layer is deposited on a mirror surface of the hinged optical layer while in an open position. The hinged optical layer is subsequently positioned in the closed position to align the mirror surface to at least partially reflect a light signal back ...


Phonon Thermodynamics Of Bcc Zirconium With Machine Learning, Vanessa Judith Meraz 2022 The University of Texas at El Paso

Phonon Thermodynamics Of Bcc Zirconium With Machine Learning, Vanessa Judith Meraz

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

First principles-based simulations have allowed us to explore emerging phenomena in a variety of systems. Its steadfast practicality has led to an increase in molecular and materials design ranging from drug discovery to planetary formation. However ubiquitous in its field, one of its biggest drawbacks is its computational cost, notably so in molecular dynamics simulations. To counter this setback, there have been many leading efforts in machine learning methods, whether it be in algorithms or network architectures. Our contribution uses an active learning algorithm paired with a tensor field network, e3nn. By steadily feeding new data points to our model ...


Material Synthesis And Machine Learning For Additive Manufacturing, Jaime Eduardo Regis 2022 The University of Texas at El Paso

Material Synthesis And Machine Learning For Additive Manufacturing, Jaime Eduardo Regis

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

The goal of this research was to address three key challenges in additive manufacturing (AM), the need for feedstock material, minimal end-use fabrication from lack of functionality in commercially available materials, and the need for qualification and property prediction in printed structures. The near ultraviolet-light assisted green reduction of graphene oxide through L-ascorbic acid was studied with to address the issue of low part strength in additively manufactured parts by providing a functional filler that can strengthen the polymer matrix. The synthesis of self-healing epoxy vitrimers was done to adapt high strength materials with recyclable properties for compatibility with AM ...


Rational Design Of Composite Nanomaterials For Water Treatment Applications, Mariana Marcos-Hernandez 2022 The University of Texas at El Paso

Rational Design Of Composite Nanomaterials For Water Treatment Applications, Mariana Marcos-Hernandez

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

Water quantity and quality have been affected in communities all around the world due to population growth, pollution, changes in land use, and climate change. In order to cope with existing and anticipated water demands and shortages, the use of treated or reclaimed water is an ongoing alternative that has helped communities all over the world address this problem. The adaptation of nanotechnology to traditional water and wastewater treatment processes offers new opportunities in technological developments. Unique size-dependent properties such as: high surface to mass ratio, high reactivity, high sorption capacities, fast dissolution, superparamagnetism, among others, provide high-tech efficient materials ...


Investigation Of Refractory High Entropy Alloys For Extreme Environment Applications, Rebecca Alexandra Romero 2022 The University of Texas at El Paso

Investigation Of Refractory High Entropy Alloys For Extreme Environment Applications, Rebecca Alexandra Romero

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

High entropy alloys (HEAs) have emerged as an exciting class of materials with the potential for a wide range of structural, high-temperature applications. HEAs may be defined on a compositional basis as five or more principal elements in equimolar ratios. This definition led to the term “high entropy” due to the high configurational entropy which is obtained with principal elements in these amounts. The combination of elements has contributed to materials that may favor solid-solution phases over intermetallic phases and have the potential to possess highly desired material properties including high yield and creep strength. The inclusion of refractory ...


Suitability Of Low-Cost Additive Manufacturing For Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells, David Alexander 2022 The University of Texas at El Paso

Suitability Of Low-Cost Additive Manufacturing For Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells, David Alexander

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

The purpose of this dissertation is to study the feasibility of low-cost additive manufacturing to fabricate polymer electrolyte fuel cell bipolar plate materials. Traditional manufacturing techniques include molding, milling, hollow embossing, hydro-forming, rolling, and electromagnetic forming. These processes are employed when a design has been selected due to higher costs at low volumes. The combination of high initial costs and bipolar plates being the most expensive component of the polymer electrolyte fuel cell creates incentive to mitigate this obstacle. The feasibility of low-cost additive manufactured bipolar plates will be proven by fabrication, post-processing, and characterization of printed test specimen. The ...


Ultrahigh Strength-High Ductility Combination Low Density Austenitic Steel: Effect Of Aging Temperature And Strain Rate, Jaehyun Kim 2022 The University of Texas at El Paso

Ultrahigh Strength-High Ductility Combination Low Density Austenitic Steel: Effect Of Aging Temperature And Strain Rate, Jaehyun Kim

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

The objective of the study was to optimize the post-thermal treatment of hot rolled Fe-0.92C-26.3Mn-8.79Al-0.05Nb steel. In this regard, the hardness of the experimental steel was studied as a function of aging time and/or strain rate. The study provided an understanding of aging heat treatment for the experimental steel, which was processed by vacuum induction melting, followed by thermo-mechanical rolling involving multiple passes. The rolled steel was subsequently annealed at 900 °C for 4 h followed by water quenching. X-ray diffraction in scanning mode of 2¸=20-100o indicated the presence of austenite structure. In ...


Evolution Of The Magnetic Properties On Van Der Waals Layered Magnets Via Pressure And Proton Irradiation, Rubyann Olmos 2022 The University of Texas at El Paso

Evolution Of The Magnetic Properties On Van Der Waals Layered Magnets Via Pressure And Proton Irradiation, Rubyann Olmos

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

Probing the magnetism in quasi two-dimensional materials has the potential in driving their properties towards future use in spin electronic based devices. Studying such layered magnets will enable the scientific community to uncover tunable exotic phases such as superconductivity, quantum paramagnetism, etc. This work examines the influence of two types of external perturbations, namely, the pressure and proton irradiation, on the magnetic properties of several compounds in the van der Waals crystal family.

Pressure has been found to induce structural and magnetic phase transitions in many of these materials. Using hydrostatic pressure as a disorderless approach to manipulate the interlayer ...


Novel Thermal Coating For High-Speed Airplanes, Abinash Satapathy, Lakshay Battu, Liam Watson, Nazanin Rajabi 2022 Kennesaw State University

Novel Thermal Coating For High-Speed Airplanes, Abinash Satapathy, Lakshay Battu, Liam Watson, Nazanin Rajabi

Symposium of Student Scholars

In comparison to various other materials, Carbon Fiber, specifically Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymers (CFRP), is pre-eminent amongst other materials for use on aeronautical systems. Due to its high specific strength (strength-to-weight ratio), CFRP is prominent for carrying heavy loads while maintaining a lightweight build. However, when influenced by heat resulting from air resistance, CFRP is known to undergo serious degradation that would significantly decrease the effectiveness of the polymers. To prevent this degradation and maintain the strength of the CFRP, thermal protective layers (TPLs) are designed to shield the CFRP from heat exposure. This research is focused on the examination ...


A Dislocation-Based Crystal Plasticity Model For Hexagonal Close-Packed Polycrystals, Omid Sedaghat 2022 The University of Western Ontario

A Dislocation-Based Crystal Plasticity Model For Hexagonal Close-Packed Polycrystals, Omid Sedaghat

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Due to their low neutron absorption cross-section and good corrosion properties, zirconium and its alloys have been widely used as the structural material in the core of nuclear reactors. These alloys are exposed to an intensive neutron flux which may lead to dimensional instabilities and the degradation of the mechanical properties of the alloy over the service time of the reactor. The changes in deformation behavior and mechanical properties can be traced back to the formation, evolution, and interaction of the irradiation-induced microstructural defects, e.g., point defect clusters, dislocation loops, and complex dislocation line networks. However, the materials constitutive ...


Machine Learning Assisted Discovery Of Shape Memory Polymers And Their Thermomechanical Modeling, Cheng Yan 2022 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Machine Learning Assisted Discovery Of Shape Memory Polymers And Their Thermomechanical Modeling, Cheng Yan

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

As a new class of smart materials, shape memory polymer (SMP) is gaining great attention in both academia and industry. One challenge is that the chemical space is huge, while the human intelligence is limited, so that discovery of new SMPs becomes more and more difficult. In this dissertation, by adopting a series of machine learning (ML) methods, two frameworks are established for discovering new thermoset shape memory polymers (TSMPs). Specifically, one of them is performed by a combination of four methods, i.e., the most recently proposed linear notation BigSMILES, supplementing existing dataset by reasonable approximation, a mixed dimension ...


Adjust-A-Ramp, Taylor Sharrits, Courtney Banks, Emily Beck, Jazmin Buenrostro 2022 The University of Akron

Adjust-A-Ramp, Taylor Sharrits, Courtney Banks, Emily Beck, Jazmin Buenrostro

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

Adjust-A-Ramp is a portable ramp designed to ensure the safety of consumers and prevention of damage to cars, specifically towards low profile cars. A low-profile vehicle includes any vehicle that has a clearance off the ground of 6.5 inches or less. Advantages of low-profile vehicles include improved handling, better braking, increased fuel efficiency, increased stability, and an overall luxury aesthetic. The reduced tire size increases grip on smooth surfaces with better wheel response, creating a fast, more efficient ride. The simple tire tread patterns and the stiff sidewalls allow for lower rolling resistance which increases fuel economy. The Adjust-A-Ramp ...


Recycled Printer Filament, Charlotte Hyland, Troy D. Molinar 2022 The University of Akron

Recycled Printer Filament, Charlotte Hyland, Troy D. Molinar

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

The purpose of this research is to examine the effects of recycling PLA filament for 3D printing on its material properties. After examining these effects, PLA and carbon fiber additives were mixed with recycled PLA pellets in different ratios to attempt to regain material properties lost in the recycling process. To complete these findings, an experiment was design and executed.

The research found that tensile strength during multiple iterations of recycling remained mostly unaffected, however, the strain degraded exponentially. In the PLA additive study, high ratios of PLA additive were able to increase the strength and strain properties of the ...


Microscale Transverse Compression Modeling: A Comparative Study Of The Analytical Mac/Gmc Methods To Experimental Results, Emily Zeitunian 2022 Michigan Technological University

Microscale Transverse Compression Modeling: A Comparative Study Of The Analytical Mac/Gmc Methods To Experimental Results, Emily Zeitunian

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports

Composite materials require a multi-scale approach to fully understand its behavior. At the micro level, material behavior analysis is conducted most often using numerical or analytical approaches. These models, however, require validation from experimental data to ensure material predictions are accurate. This study compares a semi-analytical micromechanical analysis tool, MAC/GMC, to experimental results of in-situ microscale transverse compression testing conducted at AFRL facilities. Effective properties, stress-strain curves, stress and strain fields, and damage predictions are compared with experimental outputs. Both generalized method of cells (GMC) and high-fidelity generalized method of cells (HFGMC) theories implemented within MAC/GMC show results ...


Grinding And Super-Finishing Test Machine Project, Michael Simon 2022 The University of Akron

Grinding And Super-Finishing Test Machine Project, Michael Simon

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

A research project in The University of Akron to study grinding and super-finishing of silicon nitride ceramic was initiated by Dr. Siamak Farhad and sponsored by the Timken Company, with the assistance of undergraduate students Michael Simon, Ryan Hosso and Mathew Rozmajzl. The study required analysis of forces and scratches generated during grinding processes of silicon nitride samples. A testing assembly was designed and constructed to record the forces generated during grinding and super-finishing of silicon nitride samples in a computer-numerical-control machine. Silicon nitride samples were subjected to desired grinding and super-finishing operations and all forces generated during the process ...


Spring 2022 Superhydrophobic Materials, T. Leo Liu 2022 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Spring 2022 Superhydrophobic Materials, T. Leo Liu

Science and Engineering Saturday Seminars

Many natural surfaces, such as lotus leaves and a water strider’s leg, have shown striking water repellency so that they remain clean and dry even in “dirty” habitats. Such water repellency is called superhydrophobicity, which has stimulated lots of science and engineering imagination for self-cleaning windows, never dirty clothes, drag-reduction swimming suits, etc. In this workshop, we will use superhydrophobicity as a model to guide an integrative teaching and learning experience through hands-on experiments, critical thinking, basic science, as well as a lecture on state-of-the-art research discoveries. The objectives of this workshop are to (1) stimulate student curiosity and ...


Type Iii And Iv Deformation Twins In Minerals And Metals, John P. Hirth, Greg Hirth, Jian Wang 2022 Green Valley, AZ

Type Iii And Iv Deformation Twins In Minerals And Metals, John P. Hirth, Greg Hirth, Jian Wang

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

Type IV twins are defined and shown to exist in triclinic crystal systems, as well as in some monoclinic and trigonal systems. Here, we focus on Pericline twins in triclinic plagioclase as an example. Type IV twins are associated with the irrationality of one of the twinning elements that is rational for a type II twin. The formation of type IV twins is accomplished through the shear on a K2 plane produced by the motion of twinning disconnections on a K1 plane, followed by rotational partitioning. The same systems where type IV twins are present also have type III twins ...


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