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Womanunulat: Popular Critical Writing As Performance, Katrina Stuart Santiago 2022 De La Salle College of St. Benilde, Philippines

Womanunulat: Popular Critical Writing As Performance, Katrina Stuart Santiago

Akda: The Asian Journal of Literature, Culture, Performance

This essay discusses the exclusionary principles of the literary establishment in the Philippines using the lens of labor, given critical writing as practice, and gender as performance. It maps out a personal and professional history of writing that is intricately tied to the various voices of other women writing, across different forms, and throughout Philippine history, where women have shown that at the heart of this practice, and at the core of this performance, is freedom.


Woman, In Parts, Noelle Leslie dela Cruz 2022 De La Salle University, Philippines

Woman, In Parts, Noelle Leslie Dela Cruz

Akda: The Asian Journal of Literature, Culture, Performance

In this essay, the text of a craft lecture presented for the Bienvenido Santos Creative Writing Center, I discuss the interrelationship between gender and poetry. I present a close-reading of “Dreamweavers” by Marjorie Evasco, followed by a recital and critical description of five of my own poems. These are organized around specific body parts, by way of critical engagement with the association between femininity and the body.


Ang Boys’ Love Bílang Papausbong Na Telebiswalidad (Boys’ Love As Emerging Televisuality), Louie Jon A. Sánchez 2022 University of the Philippines – Diliman, Philippines

Ang Boys’ Love Bílang Papausbong Na Telebiswalidad (Boys’ Love As Emerging Televisuality), Louie Jon A. Sánchez

Akda: The Asian Journal of Literature, Culture, Performance

Sa sanaysay na ito, pinahahalagahan ang sandali ng pag-usbong ng mga boys’ love webserye sa panahon ng pandemya. Sinusulit nito ang telebiswal na penomeno sa pamamagitan ng pahapyaw na pag-uugat sa mga minumulang tradisyon o impluwensiya; sa pagsasakonteksto ng paglaganap nito; sa pangkabuuang pagbása sa nagkakaisang salaysay ng mga serye; at sa pagtukoy sa mga transgresyong tinutupad nito sa anyo at kagawian ng panonood ng teleserye, at sa pangkalahatan, sa telebisyong patuloy na umaagapay sa mga hámon at pagbabago ng kalakaran. Sa kasaysayan ng teleserye at ng telebisyong Filipino, pinangangatwiranang mahalaga ang sandali ng BL sa gitna ng pandemya dahil …


Unraveling Paradise: Colonialism And Disguise In German Language Literature, Brigita Kant 2022 Bowdoin College

Unraveling Paradise: Colonialism And Disguise In German Language Literature, Brigita Kant

Honors Projects

For centuries, the Pacific Islands have been disguised by Europeans through the trope of “island paradise." Despite Europe’s role in bringing colonization and racial oppression to Oceania, the dominant narrative has been that Pacific Islanders lead simple lives, untouched from the complicated aspects of the “modern world.” This narrative has enabled White outsiders to fantasize about the Pacific Islands as a place for personal denial of Western social conventions, simultaneously allowing White European men to fetishize and possess Pacific Island culture and identity. My honors project will closely examine three fictional German language texts- Haimotochare (1819), Der Papalagi (1920) …


Rural Development In Papua New Guinea: Mining, Logging, Agriculture, And Alternatives, TJ Askew 2022 Claremont Colleges

Rural Development In Papua New Guinea: Mining, Logging, Agriculture, And Alternatives, Tj Askew

CMC Senior Theses

This thesis examines multiple approaches to providing rural, indigenous Papuans with improved social services and economic opportunities. Rural Papuans, who make up 80 percent of the population, face below average rates of nutrition, education, disease, crime, and other quality of life indicators. Due to location, land use rights, lack of infrastructure, and minimal access to economic markets, the PNG government has struggled to provide rural communities with basic social services. Historically, the development of resource extraction projects such as mining, logging, and agriculture have been the main strategies used to improve the livelihood of rural Papuans, with limited success. This …


Representing The Ali'i And Monarchy: Dress, Diplomacy, And Featherwork In Hawai'i, Tess Anderson 2022 Claremont Colleges

Representing The Ali'i And Monarchy: Dress, Diplomacy, And Featherwork In Hawai'i, Tess Anderson

Scripps Senior Theses

When Native Hawaiians and haole (foreigners) first met, both participants belonged to fashion systems unknown to the other, composed of different materials, styles, tastes, standards, and construction techniques. As the outside world was introduced to the cultural heritage of Hawaiian hulu manu (featherwork), kūkaulani (chiefly fashion), and European skewed conceptions of Hawaiian indigeneity; the ali‘i (chiefs) and kama‘āina (commoners) received and adapted to incoming materials, technologies, and information. When these encounters transitioned into “prolonged contact” and settlement, dress and adornment proliferated in new ways. Analyzing the case studies of historic pā‘ū, holokū, ‘ahu'ula, and military uniforms shows the significance of …


“Thrilla In Manila”: Troubling Theatricality And Uneasy Spectator Affects Surrounding The Ringside Bar Midget Boxing And Wrestling, Neslie Carol Tan 2021 University of Melbourne, Australia; De La Salle University, Philippines

“Thrilla In Manila”: Troubling Theatricality And Uneasy Spectator Affects Surrounding The Ringside Bar Midget Boxing And Wrestling, Neslie Carol Tan

Akda: The Asian Journal of Literature, Culture, Performance

This paper illustrates how performance and affect inform disability politics in the case of Filipino Little People wrestlers and boxers at the Ringside Bar along a red-light district in Makati City, Philippines. The archive of the study focuses on the reception of its primarily foreign visitors as manifested online, including the bar’s unofficial Facebook account, review-based websites, and select travel and expatriate blogs/vlogs where reviews of these attractions most actively circulate. First, I map out the troubling theatricality of midget wrestling and boxing, identifying their cast, choreographies, and designs, to reveal traces of freak show traditions. Second, I unpack the …


Institutionally Speaking: Speech Departments And The Making Of A Philippine Eloquent Modernity, Oscar Tantoco Serquina Jr. 2021 University of Melbourne, Australia; University of the Philippines Diliman, Philippines

Institutionally Speaking: Speech Departments And The Making Of A Philippine Eloquent Modernity, Oscar Tantoco Serquina Jr.

Akda: The Asian Journal of Literature, Culture, Performance

This essay initiates a historiographical account of speech departments in the University of the Philippines (UP) and Silliman University. Founded in 1959 and 1965, respectively, these academic formations are the two existing bastions for the comprehensive and disciplinary study and practice of speech/speech communication in the country and the rest of Asia. This essay explores a) the use of speech as the organizing principle of scholarly inquiry in the Philippine modern university, b) the pedagogies composing Philippine speech curricula, c) the performances enacted by speech programs in UP and Silliman University, d) the speaking subjects that speech departments seek to …


The Haunting Power Of Sound In Aswang, Katrina Macapagal 2021 Independent Researcher, Edinburgh, UK

The Haunting Power Of Sound In Aswang, Katrina Macapagal

Akda: The Asian Journal of Literature, Culture, Performance

This paper examines the audibility of Aswang (2019), the first feature-length documentary that tackles Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte’s war on drugs. I locate the documentary against the audibility of terror produced by the Duterte regime, accentuated by the primary metaphor of the aswang legend where the documentary initially draws its political charge. Inspired by theories of sound and haptic listening, I argue that Aswang, through its composition of key sound elements such as the voice-over, music, and urban noise, configures an overall audibility that amplifies, rather than reduces, the humanity of the documentary’s subjects.


A Politics And Ethics Of Viewing Photographs Of Duterte’S “Drug War”: Towards Reconceptualizing The Political Community, Rosa Cordillera A. Castillo 2021 Humboldt University of Berlin, Germany

A Politics And Ethics Of Viewing Photographs Of Duterte’S “Drug War”: Towards Reconceptualizing The Political Community, Rosa Cordillera A. Castillo

Akda: The Asian Journal of Literature, Culture, Performance

This paper proposes a framework for a politics and ethics of viewing photographs of atrocities and suffering through an analysis of photographs of Rodrigo Duterte’s “drug war” in the Philippines and responses to these images. It situates these politics and ethics of viewing in a context of violent othering and Ariella Azoulay’s conceptualization of “regime-made disaster.” This framework is grounded on fellow-feeling and imagined identification as well as on the relationality, powers of mourning, and ethical responsibility that Judith Butler asserts and is operationalized through the “civil contract of photography” called forth by Azoulay. Following Azoulay and Butler, this paper …


Lost In Adaptation: Antifidelity And/In Mike De Leon’S Bilanggo Sa Dilim And Bayaning 3rd World, Anne Frances N. Sangil 2021 De La Salle University, Philippines

Lost In Adaptation: Antifidelity And/In Mike De Leon’S Bilanggo Sa Dilim And Bayaning 3rd World, Anne Frances N. Sangil

Akda: The Asian Journal of Literature, Culture, Performance

Following the tenets of auteur criticism that proposes a film auteur to have an autonomous, original, and individual voice despite the nature of filmmaking as an art form that follows the Fordist model, this essay looks at how Mike De Leon’s artistic style has become the ordering agent for his two films: Bilanggo sa Dilim and Bayaning 3rd World. This study puts under the lens De Leon’s signature and confronts the difficulty of assigning authorship and originality within a collaborative, institutionalized medium that aims to adapt for the screen one literary and one historical material. De Leon has his …


Making Patriots Of Pupils: Colonial Education In Micronesia From 1944-1980, Julia Taylor 2021 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Making Patriots Of Pupils: Colonial Education In Micronesia From 1944-1980, Julia Taylor

The Forum: Journal of History

This article explores American colonial education in Micronesia from the final months of World War Two to the late 1970s. The primary research question concerns American usage of education to pursue political and military goals, and how this affected multiple dimensions of Indigenous life. Although the dominant narrative at the time blamed Indigenous people for difficulties in implementing American education, the Western values permeating the American consciousness significantly inhibited the possibility of success as Americans defined it. This article details American motivations and efforts to implement an educational system as part of a larger goal of “economic development” and analyzes …


Full Issue, 2021 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Full Issue

The Forum: Journal of History

No abstract provided.


Aloha Media: Negotiating Kānaka Maoli Representation And Identity In Television, Film, And Music, Colby Y. Miyose 2021 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Aloha Media: Negotiating Kānaka Maoli Representation And Identity In Television, Film, And Music, Colby Y. Miyose

Doctoral Dissertations

In her work on research and Indigenous communities, Māori scholar Linda Tuhiwai Smith (1999) points out that academic research is a site of contestation, struggle, and negotiation between the West and Indigenous people, and lays the groundwork for Indigenous researchers to write from a cultural perspective that serves their home community. Hawaiian cultural protocols serve as guidelines for my research. This dissertation, then, is simultaneously a critique of settler colonialism in Hawaiʻi and on screen, and as Foucault (1980) puts it, “an insurrection of subjugated knowledges.” (p.81)—an act of decolonial, Indigenous, and anticolonial thought. In this dissertation I argue that …


Puhi In The Tree And Other Stories: Unlocking The Metaphor In Native And Indigenous Hawaiian Storytelling, Renuka M. de Silva, Joshua E. Hunter 2021 University of North Dakota

Puhi In The Tree And Other Stories: Unlocking The Metaphor In Native And Indigenous Hawaiian Storytelling, Renuka M. De Silva, Joshua E. Hunter

The Qualitative Report

Human beings live and tell stories for many reasons, and it is a way to not only understand one another but to give a time and place to events and experiences. Therefore, a narrational approach within the context of this research offers a frame of reference and a way to reflect during the entire process of gathering data and writing. This study examines the importance of storytelling among Native (Kānaka ‘Ōiwi) and Indigenous (Kānaka Maoli) women of Hawai ̒ i and their interconnectedness to land and spirituality through accessing [k]new knowledge. The main focus of this article is to illustrate …


Refugee Policy In Australia And New Zealand: An Approach For Resettling Environmentally Displaced Persons?, Sedina Sinanovic 2021 The University of San Francisco

Refugee Policy In Australia And New Zealand: An Approach For Resettling Environmentally Displaced Persons?, Sedina Sinanovic

Master's Theses

An increase in human mobility as a consequence of climate change induced slow-onset environmental degradation and sudden-onset natural disasters is expected to be a defining feature of the 21st century. Inexorably shifting the global migratory landscape, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) approximates that roughly 250 million people will be forcefully displaced due to adverse climate impacts by 2050. While there is no international consensus on appropriately categorizing such people, this thesis refers to them as "environmentally-displaced persons" (EDPs). Since EDPs do not qualify for "refugee" status, they are not afforded access to assistance under the 1951 Convention …


Sovereignty, Statehood, And Subjugation: Native Hawaiian And Japanese American Discourse Over Hawaiian Statehood, Nicole Saito 2021 Chapman University

Sovereignty, Statehood, And Subjugation: Native Hawaiian And Japanese American Discourse Over Hawaiian Statehood, Nicole Saito

Student Scholar Symposium Abstracts and Posters

Although discourse over Hawaiian statehood has increasingly been described by scholars as a racial conflict between Japanese Americans and Native Hawaiians, there existed a broad spectrum of interactions between the two groups. Both communities were forced to confront the prejudices they had against each other while recognizing their shared experiences with discrimination, creating a paradoxical political culture of competition and solidarity up until the conclusion of World War Two. From 1946 to 1950, however, the country’s collective understanding of Japanese American citizenship began to shift with recognition of the community’s military service record and an increased proportion of veterans elected …


The Surviving Sunset Of Manila Bay And The Ethics Of Environmental Justice In Philippine Ecopoetry, Rina Garcia Chua 2021 University of British Columbia, Canada

The Surviving Sunset Of Manila Bay And The Ethics Of Environmental Justice In Philippine Ecopoetry, Rina Garcia Chua

Akda: The Asian Journal of Literature, Culture, Performance

The Philippines, a country rich with natural resources, has taken steps to preserve its environmental megadiversity through the government’s existing environmental laws. However, reality seems to show a glaring disparity between what is being protected and what is being abused. The question is: what is fair to all? This paper’s primary purpose is to explore the aesthetics of local ecopoetry to discover whether the representation of environmental justice in literature can promote ecological fairness in the Third World. Using Hume’s concept of aesthetics to explore the inconsistency between the environmental laws and the message of the selected ecopoems, this study …


002 Transcription Notes, Bill Donner Dr 2021 Kutztown

002 Transcription Notes, Bill Donner Dr

Sikaiana Oral Stories

Notes about transcription and translation for the Sikaiana oral and recorded material.


Ñe Juon Enaaj Jeḷā Kōkḷaḷ Eban Peḷọk: Teaching Marshallese Immigrants, Riley Post 2021 Bowling Green State University

Ñe Juon Enaaj Jeḷā Kōkḷaḷ Eban Peḷọk: Teaching Marshallese Immigrants, Riley Post

Honors Projects

Under the Compact of the Free Association (1983) treaties, Marshallese immigrants are free to live and work indefinitely without visas; however, American schools and educators have not been equipped with data and resources that can be used to address the cultural and linguistic diversity of their new neighbors. Therefore, the research question considers which resources and practices can help Marshallese immigrants succeed academically within the American education system. The findings, supplemented by the perspectives of local Marshall Islanders, suggest that educators need increased awareness of important cultural differences and further develop their cultural competency. Language teachers in particular may also …


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