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Self-Reported Consumption Of Bottled Water V. Tap Water In Appalachian And Non-Appalachian Kentucky, Jason W. Marion 2023 Eastern Kentucky University

Self-Reported Consumption Of Bottled Water V. Tap Water In Appalachian And Non-Appalachian Kentucky, Jason W. Marion

Journal of Appalachian Health

Introduction: Quantitative studies on drinking water perceptions in Appalachia are limited. High-profile water infrastructure failures in the U.S. and Eastern Kentucky, coupled with human-made and natural disasters in the Appalachian Region, have likely impacted opinions regarding tap water.

Purpose: To use existing unexplored data to describe baseline tap water v. bottled water consumption in Kentucky.

Methods: Telephone-based cross-sectional data were obtained from the 2013 Kentucky Health Issues Poll (KHIP) directed by the Foundation for a Healthy Kentucky. Among many items in KHIP, self-reported consumption of bottled water over tap water, reasons for bottled water use, and demographic data were obtained. …


Urban Spatial Structural Change And Transformation In The New Era, Xiao XIAO, Xiaoping XIE, Jingzhong LI, Xiao XIE, Bing XUE 2023 Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016, China Faculty of Architecture, Technische Universitä t Dresden, Dresden D01069, Germany University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China

Urban Spatial Structural Change And Transformation In The New Era, Xiao Xiao, Xiaoping Xie, Jingzhong Li, Xiao Xie, Bing Xue

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

Urban spatial structure is an important part of the research on the regional system of the human-land relationship, and it is also an important starting point for the sustainable development of cities. How to scientifically understand the urban spatial structure in the new era is the basis for optimizing its regulation. This study briefly reviews the historical background of traditional urban spatial structure theory and points out the transformational turn of urban spatial structure in terms of organizational principles, organizational methods, optimization goals and elements through the analysis of technological revolution, policy, and socio-economic environment in the new era, and …


The Current State Of Practice Of Building Information Modeling, Kevin P. Brooks 2023 University of Massachusetts Amherst

The Current State Of Practice Of Building Information Modeling, Kevin P. Brooks

Masters Theses

Building Information Modeling (BIM) has become extremely prominent in the construction industry in the past twenty years. It serves as a digital repository that can, when used to its fullest potential, combine all aspects of designing, building, and managing a structure in one place, alongside all the data produced in those processes. The construction industry has to date struggled to increase productivity alongside similar fields, such as the manufacturing industry, though the construction industry generally has far more stakeholders on one project than the manufacturing industry. Further, building designs are becoming more complex while project schedules are becoming tighter. As …


Architecture Of Extraction: Imagining New Modes Of Inhabitation And Reclamation In The Mining Lifecyle, Erica DeWitt 2023 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Architecture Of Extraction: Imagining New Modes Of Inhabitation And Reclamation In The Mining Lifecyle, Erica Dewitt

Masters Theses

Mining is the primary method through which modern society obtains the minerals needed to fuel the global economy, provide for modern energy requirements, and support the built environment. Presently, mining accounts for nearly 1% of the global ice-free land surface, with a dramatic increase anticipated in the coming decades. Mining permanently changes and often destroys the pre-existing topography, hydrology, and ecology of the ground, and efforts to reclaim mining landscapes—with the aim of encouraging reforestation and soil replenishment—are often unsuccessful, rendering the land of abandoned mines both unusable and uninhabitable.

This thesis addresses the current state of mining in the …


Prioritizing Climate Equity: A Qualitative Analysis Of The Massachusetts Mvp Program, Noah H. Gordon 2023 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Prioritizing Climate Equity: A Qualitative Analysis Of The Massachusetts Mvp Program, Noah H. Gordon

Masters Theses

The Massachusetts Municipal Vulnerability Preparedness Program (MVP Program) has funded Community Resilience Building workshops in hundreds of communities over the past 6 years. The Planning Reports produced by these workshops offer valuable insight into the climate adaptation and climate justice priorities of Massachusetts municipalities. Climate justice literature holds that the impacts of climate change will be disproportionately felt by marginalized communities, and those addressing climate change should address the risks faced by those communities, referred to as Environmental Justice (EJ) Communities in Massachusetts. Using an inductive qualitative coding approach, this study analyzes 30 Planning Reports from towns with High, Medium …


Green Infrastructure Intervention To Improve Waste And Water System In Urban Areas, Muthiah Hakim Hadini, Farah Bulqis Muzakar, Nurlina Yustiningrum, Nicole Hall, Peicong Li, Freya Ward, Ova Candra Dewi, Coriesta Dian Sulistiani, Andrew Flynn 2023 Department of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia

Green Infrastructure Intervention To Improve Waste And Water System In Urban Areas, Muthiah Hakim Hadini, Farah Bulqis Muzakar, Nurlina Yustiningrum, Nicole Hall, Peicong Li, Freya Ward, Ova Candra Dewi, Coriesta Dian Sulistiani, Andrew Flynn

Smart City

The increase in waste generation and water use in urban areas may lead to local flooding that is dangerous for health if it is not appropriately managed by waste and water systems in urban infrastructure. Sponge City is a concept that utilizes Green Infrastructures (GIs) to manage waste and water systems while still maintaining open and public spaces function. This study aims to review the waste and water infrastructure systems in Depok, Indonesia which are compared with Gainesville in the United States, America and Cardiff, United Kingdom, to give recommendations for preventing flooding in urban areas. Analysis is done by …


Localizing Sustainable Development Goals In Strategic Development Planning Procedures. Case Study: Local Development Planning Manual For The Palestinian Cities And Towns, Mohammed Itair, Ihab Hijazi, Saleh Qanazi, Sami Zaidalkilani, Amjad Issa 2023 University of Lille, France

Localizing Sustainable Development Goals In Strategic Development Planning Procedures. Case Study: Local Development Planning Manual For The Palestinian Cities And Towns, Mohammed Itair, Ihab Hijazi, Saleh Qanazi, Sami Zaidalkilani, Amjad Issa

An-Najah University Journal for Research - B (Humanities)

This study aimed to localize the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in the Palestinian development goals on local level. For this purpose, the study adopted a methodology that includes proposed mechanisms to localize these goals and their derived objectives in the development planning of Palestinian cities and towns to link it to global development. In addition to a proposal for a methodology that includes a set of technical tools to support and ensure the integrated implementation of global agendas at the local level. This mechanism proposes modifications to the current procedures used in the planning process in the Palestinian context and …


The Water Mills Of The Historic Río Arriba In Northcentral New Mexico, 1598-1975, José A. Rivera Ph.D, Thomas F. Glick Ph.D 2023 University of New Mexico - Main Campus

The Water Mills Of The Historic Río Arriba In Northcentral New Mexico, 1598-1975, José A. Rivera Ph.D, Thomas F. Glick Ph.D

Faculty Publications

The water mills of New Mexico played a major role in the agricultural economy of the Río Arriba for centuries following the introduction of wheat from the Old World to the Americas. Wheat, in its ground form as flour, was a staple during the Spanish colonial period. To process raw wheat, local grist mills (molinos) were essential infrastructure as were the aceq uias (ditches) that powered them. Situated near the banks of rivers, the internal components of each mill were driven by the gravity force of water from an acequia, itself diverted from the river. Researchers have documented …


Building Community Through Creativity & Social Practice Arts, Saira Siddiqui 2023 State University of New York College at Buffalo - Buffalo State College

Building Community Through Creativity & Social Practice Arts, Saira Siddiqui

Creative Studies Graduate Student Master's Projects

Social practice art is an artistic genre aimed to positively affect communities by addressing social and political change. Social practice art is collaborative, participatory, and involves people and places to help address these changes. The focus of this master’s project is to engage in a deeper understanding of how creativity and change leadership plays a role in the process of a social practice artist, and their pursuit to use art, culture, and creativity to connect people to each other and their environments. The outcomes of the project include insights into how creativity can be used in action to manage a …


The Municipal Acequias Of San Fernando De Béxar: A Working Paper, José A. Rivera Ph.D 2023 University of New Mexico - Main Campus

The Municipal Acequias Of San Fernando De Béxar: A Working Paper, José A. Rivera Ph.D

Faculty Publications

Of the seven acequia irrigation systems constructed during the height of San Antonio’s Spanish colonial period, five were built for the benefit of the Franciscan missions and their indigenous residents: San Antonio de Valero, Nuestra Señora de la Purísima Concepción de Acuña, San José y San Miguel de Aguayo, San Juan Capistrano, and San Francisco de la Espada. In addition to the five mission acequias, other diversions from the Río de San Antonio and San Pedro Creek were constructed for civilian use within the municipality of San Fernando de Béxar, founded in 1731, now San Antonio: the San Pedro Acequia …


A Case For Educational Communication On Sustainable Stormwater Management Sites Using Interpretive Methods: Applications For Utah State University, Lilian Taft 2023 Utah State University

A Case For Educational Communication On Sustainable Stormwater Management Sites Using Interpretive Methods: Applications For Utah State University, Lilian Taft

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports, Spring 1920 to Spring 2023

Humans are increasingly urbanizing landscapes, lowering the land’s ability to infiltrate stormwater, increasing surface water runoff. This, combined with decreasing water availability in the Intermountain West, produces the issue of sustainable stormwater management. Professionals are moving toward green stormwater infrastructure (GSI), but public is often not aware of stormwater’s impacts on natural environments or what the purpose of GSI is. Stormwater management design techniques are evolving to use visible, sustainable methods celebrating stormwater, rather than treating the valuable resource as a disposable nuisance, channeling it underground and out of sight. Artful Rainwater Design (ARD), a technique coined by Stuart Echols …


Public Space And Well-Being: An Empirical Study Of Central Park In Old Louisville., Maryam Entezam 2023 University of Louisville

Public Space And Well-Being: An Empirical Study Of Central Park In Old Louisville., Maryam Entezam

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Urban green spaces have been receiving attention in urban planning and the health profession in the 21st century as environmental elements that contribute to well-being. This dissertation explored the relationship between green space usage and individuals’ physical, mental, and social well-being. This empirical research focused on Central Park in Old Louisville to examine how residents use the park and whether it contributes to the well-being of residents. After exploring the existing literature, I identified four well-being indices: (1) perceived health (PHI), (2) health outcome (HOI), (3) mental well-being (MWI), and (4) social well-being (SWI). Frequent Park usage is expected …


Exploring The Necessity Of Technology In Architectural Design: Moving Beyond Showcasing, Ertunc Hunkar 2023 Clemson University

Exploring The Necessity Of Technology In Architectural Design: Moving Beyond Showcasing, Ertunc Hunkar

All Theses

Advancements in technology, particularly computational design tools, have transformed the field of architectural design. However, it is crucial to evaluate the impact of technology on the core principles of problem-solving and the design process within architecture. This study aims to examine the consequences and opportunities associated with the integration of technology in architectural design, focusing on the necessity of maintaining a strong problem-solving foundation. Architectural problem-solving involves spatial organization, functional requirements, contextual integration, and user experience. These principles guide architects in addressing design challenges and achieving successful outcomes. The design process comprises stages such as research, analysis, concept development, and …


A Mixed-Method Study On The Walkability Of Streets In Hospital-Anchored Neighborhoods, Xiaowei Li 2023 Clemson University

A Mixed-Method Study On The Walkability Of Streets In Hospital-Anchored Neighborhoods, Xiaowei Li

All Dissertations

The field of healthcare design is adopting planning and design principles from the Healthy Communities movement to connect hospitals to their adjacent communities. This research explores the impact of neighborhood and street design on the walkability of Hospital-Anchored Neighborhoods (HANs), a concept integrating hospitals and satellite services with their surrounding communities to enhance public health. Walkability, a crucial marker of healthy and vibrant communities, was investigated through a mixed-method study across three HANs. A comprehensive Walkability Framework with 17 built environment dimensions was developed from the literature to inform data collection utilizing GIS archival data, ethnographic observations, street audits, and …


Analysis Of The Main Factor In The Implementation Of Open Defecation Free Using The Ahp Method, Vica Asrianti Dwiputri, Ova Candra Dewi 2023 Urban and Regional Planning Master Program, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia

Analysis Of The Main Factor In The Implementation Of Open Defecation Free Using The Ahp Method, Vica Asrianti Dwiputri, Ova Candra Dewi

Smart City

Environmental sanitation refers to an environment's health status, including housing, sewage disposal, clean water supply, waste management, and other factors. Sustainable Development Goals 6 (SDG 6) ensures people access proper environmental sanitation. Based on the monitoring and evaluation results of Community-Based Total Sanitation (STBM) in 2022, it was found that 100% of open defecation had been stopped for Pillar 1 of STBM. This study aims to identify the factors that influence the success of implementing Open Defecation Free (ODF) programs in Depok City. There are two stages in this study to determine the priority factors that influence the success of …


Evaluating Placemaking Strategies In Old Cairo Public Squares, Moaz St. Plazas., Aya Tarek Ibrahem Aya Tarek 2023 Future University in Egypt

Evaluating Placemaking Strategies In Old Cairo Public Squares, Moaz St. Plazas., Aya Tarek Ibrahem Aya Tarek

Future Engineering Journal

According to UN-Habitat (2015), “Public spaces are all places publicly owned or of public use, accessible and enjoyable by all for free and without profit motive” (p.1). The characteristics of public spaces mentioned in this definition, which are mainly public ownership of the place, enjoyability, and free accessibility by all, are pertinent to the uses of streets in general and pedestrian-friendly streets in specific.

Public space is more than well-designed physical places. It is an arena for social interaction and active citizenship that can spark social and economic development and drive environmental sustainability. The design, provision, and maintenance of well-connected …


Investigating The Common Perceptual Qualities Of Urban Morphology And Subjective Wellbeing Scales For Urban Mobility Studies: A Literature Review., Dina Mahmoud Abdelrashid Noseir, Marwa A. Khalifa, Yehya M. Serag, Mohamed A. El Fayoumi 2023 Assistant Lecturer at Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Future University in Egypt; PhD Candidate in Faculty of Engineering, Ain Shams University

Investigating The Common Perceptual Qualities Of Urban Morphology And Subjective Wellbeing Scales For Urban Mobility Studies: A Literature Review., Dina Mahmoud Abdelrashid Noseir, Marwa A. Khalifa, Yehya M. Serag, Mohamed A. El Fayoumi

Future Engineering Journal

The impact of the built environment, urban form, and urban morphology on individual's perception, experience and wellbeing has been the focus of many studies in the past few decades. Additionally, the impact of the built environment and its spatial characteristics has been recently studied from different approaches. Literature review shows that various research has been conducted on the impact of the built environment and travelers’ behavior and modal choice. However, few studies have been conducted on the impact of the built environment on travelers’ perception during mobility. Thus, this manuscript attempts to theoretically establish a link between the epistemology of …


The Spatiotemporal Variation Characteristics Of Urban Sustainability Based On The Sdgs In Yangtze River Delta, China, Xue Fang, Xinyu Shi, Tyson Keen Phillips, Peng Du, Weijun Gao 2023 Thomas Jefferson University

The Spatiotemporal Variation Characteristics Of Urban Sustainability Based On The Sdgs In Yangtze River Delta, China, Xue Fang, Xinyu Shi, Tyson Keen Phillips, Peng Du, Weijun Gao

College of Architecture and the Built Environment Faculty Papers

At present, most developing countries need to improve the quality of the built environment by means of large-scale infrastructure construction, thereby promoting rapid urbanization. The quality of the built environment ((Formula presented.)) and its environmental pressure ((Formula presented.)) have become our primary focus to achieve a globally acknowledged vision of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). In this study, we proposed an overall workflow by combining the proven urban sustainability ((Formula presented.)) assessment tool with the evaluation process and the analysis of the spatiotemporal dimension to investigate the urban characteristics of the 41 cities in the Yangtze River Delta. Our results …


Coliving: Bringing Social Spaces Back Offline, Helen Dymek 2023 Kennesaw State University

Coliving: Bringing Social Spaces Back Offline, Helen Dymek

Bachelor of Architecture Theses - 5th Year

The way in which we construct our built environment defines how our community will engage with one another. Social spaces are the key to creating a healthy community. However, today, we are in crisis. In a society which is built on the pillars of freedom and independence, our social spaces are dying out. Social isolation is on the rise, a problem only accelerated by the recent pandemic. Today, many Americans (and much of the world) seek social connection through a screen. Instead of getting to know our neighbors, we spend more time watching videos of or talking to people who …


Fostering Human Dimension Of Smart Cities: Lessons From Jakarta For Nusantara, Indonesia’S New Capital City In The Making, Wicaksono Sarosa, Nurulitha Andini Susetyo, Marsa Nur Aulianisa, Mahbub Ridhoo Maulaa, Pradamas Giffary 2023 RuangWaktu – Knowledge Hub for Sustainable [Urban] Development

Fostering Human Dimension Of Smart Cities: Lessons From Jakarta For Nusantara, Indonesia’S New Capital City In The Making, Wicaksono Sarosa, Nurulitha Andini Susetyo, Marsa Nur Aulianisa, Mahbub Ridhoo Maulaa, Pradamas Giffary

Smart City

A city’s problems often arise as the population grows and urbanization happens. This process is linear to the development of information-and-communication technologies (ICT), especially in urban areas. As a result, cities have adopted an initiative to solve the problems which are popularly known as the smart city. Over decades, the idea of a smart city has evolved from a mere technological modernization to advanced utilization through community involvement. However, in practice, smart city ideas and initiatives often put a heavy emphasis on technical aspects and ignored the more human side, which has caused a digital divide. This paper argues that …


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