Makom Hillel: Slo Hillel Outdoor Event Space, 2021 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo
Makom Hillel: Slo Hillel Outdoor Event Space, Eli J. Greenberg
This report details the design development for Makom Hillel, an outdoor event space dedicated to San Luis Obispo’s Hillel chapter. Hillel is an international organization working to connect Jewish students and community members with each other and their religion. The platform was designed as a service-learning senior project for the ARCE Department at Cal Poly SLO. The gravity and lateral systems were designed using the 2018 NDS, ASCE 7-16, and Simpson Strong Tie’s 2021 Wood Construction Connectors catalog. This project was conducted during Spring and Fall 2021 and supervised by Professor Brent Nuttall.
Piles Redesigned: A Comparison Of Concrete And Timber, 2021 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo
Piles Redesigned: A Comparison Of Concrete And Timber, Riley N. Mullen
This project redesigned a foundation with timber piles and assesses the environmental impacts.
Growing Grounds Farm & Nursery - Serenity Shade Structure, 2021 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo
Growing Grounds Farm & Nursery - Serenity Shade Structure, Jack C. Radovan
This project includes the design and construction of a shade structure over the serenity seating area at Growing Grounds Farm & Nursery. Growing Grounds is a part of TransitionsMental Health Association. It is a nonprofit wholesale nursery that provides horticulture, socialization opportunities, paid employment and soft job skills training for adults with severe and persistent mental illness. The shade structure will serve as place where staff and volunteers can gather and sit.
Investigation Into Excessive Deflections In A Concrete Flat Slab, 2021 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo
Investigation Into Excessive Deflections In A Concrete Flat Slab, Matthew Frydman
This senior project was inspired by a project experience during a summer internship in Denver, Colorado at Wiss, Janney, Elstner Associates, Inc. After a pipe froze and burst in the 13,000 sq. ft. basement of a two story building built in the 1990’s, an investigation was needed to determine the structural impacts of the event. A site visit was performed to collect data, and it quickly became clear that slab deflections and strength were top priorities. The slab was able to deflect in the basement due to a cardboard void form that was used to accommodate expansive soils. This project …
Parametric Study Of New Diaphragm Design Methods, 2021 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo
Parametric Study Of New Diaphragm Design Methods, Emily Rose Taylor
Large retail buildings and warehouses are typically a one-story concrete or masonry walled structure with a panelized wood roof. These buildings fall under the category of “RWFD”, or “Rigid Wall Flexible Diaphragm”. There are two preexisting methods that can be utilized in designing flexible diaphragms, but there is a third being introduced in the new ASCE 7-22 code. Given this code is unreleased, there really is no guidance to the user as far as which method is the most time efficient or cost effective. The purpose of this project is to analyze the same building using each design method in …
Chinese Timber Woven Arch Bridges, 2021 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo
Chinese Timber Woven Arch Bridges, Owen M. Anderson, Kaleigh G. Kant
This is a report on the study and analysis conducted on Chinese timber woven bridges. It explores historical and cultural values behind them as well as their structural behavior. Finally, the bridge design is described in a series of equations that would make for simple design and construction.
Higher Sound Levels In K-12 Classrooms Correlate To Lower Math Achievement Scores, 2021 University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Threshold Acoustics
Higher Sound Levels In K-12 Classrooms Correlate To Lower Math Achievement Scores, Laura Caroline Brill, Lily M. Wang
Faculty Publications in Architectural Engineering
Sound levels from occupied classrooms have been gathered from 220 classrooms across four grade levels (3, 5, 8 and 11) over six school days each and processed with k-means clustering into speech and non-speech clusters. Three metrics describing the classroom acoustics, including the average daily A-weighted equivalent level for non-speech, the average daily difference between the A-weighted equivalent levels for speech and nonspeech (a signal to noise ratio), and the mid-frequency averaged reverberation time, were analyzed against classroom-aggregated standardized reading and math achievement test scores, while controlling for classroom demographics including socioeconomic status. Interactions between the metrics and demographics were …
Preservation Of The Urban Development And Architectural Heritage Of The Clay Buildings In Hadhramout Region, Yemen Through Public Participation Of The Region’S Residents, 2021 Faculty of Engineering & Petroleum, Hadhramout University
Preservation Of The Urban Development And Architectural Heritage Of The Clay Buildings In Hadhramout Region, Yemen Through Public Participation Of The Region’S Residents, Anwar Ahmed Baeissa
Hadhramout University Journal of Natural & Applied Sciences
The archeological heritage is considered the roots for civilization and development for any nation that maintains its development and flourishing. Therefore, if such roots were eradicated or exposed to destruction, this nation will be lost and lose its constituents of growth and flourishing. This study deals with the value concepts and policies to preserve the architectural heritage within the context of sustainable development system. The study was carried out through reviewing the concepts of heritage and heritage value (historical, artistic and functional). The aim of this study is to discuss the most important reasons behind the deterioration of urban areas …
Investigation Of The Prevalence Of Faults In The Heating, Ventilation, And Air-Conditioning Systems Of Commercial Buildings, 2021 University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Investigation Of The Prevalence Of Faults In The Heating, Ventilation, And Air-Conditioning Systems Of Commercial Buildings, Amir Ebrahimifakhar
Dissertations and Student Research: Architectural Engineering
This dissertation describes a large-scale investigation of heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC) fault prevalence in commercial buildings in the United States. A multi-year dataset with 36,556 pieces of HVAC equipment including air handling units (AHUs), air terminal units (ATUs), and packaged rooftop units (RTUs) was analyzed to determine values for several HVAC fault prevalence metrics. The primary source of data for this study comes from three commercial fault detection and diagnostics (FDD) providers. Since each FDD provider uses different terms to refer to the same fault in an HVAC system, a mapping function was created for each FDD provider’s dataset, …
Umass Dartmouth Science And Engineering (Seng) Building Systems Upgrades Project, 2021 Ellenzweig
Umass Dartmouth Science And Engineering (Seng) Building Systems Upgrades Project, Jillian Cornelius
Although UMass Dartmouth's Science and Engineering Building has long been viewed as an architectural treasure, its aging interior and structure have presented some challenges to users nearly 50 years after it opened. This talk examines Ellenzweig's extensive retrofitting of the UMass Dartmouth SENG building for accessibility, a new envelope, updated MEP, and fire-safety measures. After looking at the design phase and interactions with the Mass Historic Commission, the talk ends with an examination of the replacement of windows in the building.
Concrete Deterioration And Diagnosis, 2021 Simpson Gumpertz & Heger
Concrete Deterioration And Diagnosis, Matthew B. Bronski
Built primarily in the 1960’s, mid-century modernist concrete buildings are now at the age when we regard many as historic or architecturally significant (and thus as deserving of careful restoration and stewardship), but also at an age where many now exhibit significant deterioration. In this presentation, Matthew Bronski describes the most common maladies and deterioration mechanisms that can befall exposed concrete facades, outlines investigative and diagnostic approaches, and discuss the pros and cons of different rehabilitation treatment options, and the importance of tailoring the treatment to the malady.
Brutalist Structures – Polychlorinated Biphenyls, 2021 University of Massachusetts Amherst
Brutalist Structures – Polychlorinated Biphenyls, Theresa Wolejko
Until they were banned by the Federal Government in 1978, Polychlorinated Biphenyls or PCBs, were used extensively as sealants in Brutalist structures across the United States. As a result, these hazardous chemical compounds still reside in concrete buildings and present a danger to those looking to clean or renovate Brutalist structures. This talk explains the problems the University of Massachusetts Amherst has faced in dealing with PCBs over the last couple of decades and recommends some best practices for owners, designers, builders working on midcentury buildings which are suspected to contain these dangerous chemicals.
Concrete Diagnostics & Assessment, 2021 Atkinson-Noland & Associates
Concrete Diagnostics & Assessment, Michael Schuller
The process of repairing Brutalist architecture begins with diagnosis and assessment of the material conditions of these buildings. This talk focuses on the processes that engineers undertake in order to document and access historic concrete before conservators and designers can form a plan to save such buildings. The speaker gives insight into the diagnostic techniques, such a visual assessment, nondestructive evaluation, sounding, moisture and metal detection, and chemical analysis.
Concrete Conservation Strategies And Repair, 2021 Wiss, Janney, Elstner Associates
Concrete Conservation Strategies And Repair, Paul Gaudette
Drawing on the speaker's many years in the field, this talk gives a comprehensive overview of concrete conservation. Beginning with the goals and approaches to conserving concrete, the talk then covers common protection systems, petrographic and chemical studies, and the design of mixes used in repairs. In order to demonstrate these techniques, two case studies are examined, including a Brutalist building and building with architectural precast. The talk ends with some recommendations on how to best approach cleaning and conservation of historic concrete buildings.
Approaches To Renewing Brutalist-Era Lab Buildings, 2021 Goody Clancy
Approaches To Renewing Brutalist-Era Lab Buildings, Jean Caroon
Given the immense amount of embodied carbon that mid-century Brutalist structures represent, we must redirect our focus from demolishing these concrete structures to renovating them to fit our needs in the 21st century. Higher education laboratory buildings from the 1960s and 1970s are a particularly challenging type of facility. This talk describes the work that Boston architecture firm Goody Clancy has recently undertaken in renovating over 1 million square feet of lab building space. The talk not only covers specific retrofits and envelope improvements to science buildings, such as the Gant Science Complex at the University of Connecticut in Storrs, …
Campus Sustainability, 2021 University of Massachusetts Amherst
Campus Sustainability, Ludmilla Pavlova-Gillham
Sustainability at the UMass Amherst Campus is part of a long tradition of Sustainable Development and is driven by a century of policy, culminating in the latest efforts of the Massachusetts Commonwealth to plan for climate change and carbon neutrality. This presentation provides a summary of current initiatives and processes that are underway to reduce the UMass Amherst carbon footprint and to plan for a transition to renewable energy. It gives an overview of the sustainability and campus engagement resources that Campus Planning makes available to the public and its community of faculty and students, so that they can understand …
Lessons Learned From Personal Experience In Adaptive Reuse, 2021 University of Massachusetts Amherst
Lessons Learned From Personal Experience In Adaptive Reuse, Blake Jackson
This presentation details themes, regarding sustainability, from three adaptive reuse projects of Brutalist and post-war Modernist structures, accentuating overlaps with sustainability, embodied carbon, preservation, densification, and urbanization – all hallmarks regarding the adaptive reuse of these buildings. The first project illustrates opportunities created by up-branding a 1970’s era Sheraton into a “new” W Hotel (Midtown, Atlanta), whereby the preservation of the concrete playfully juxtaposed new interior/exterior design elements. The second project looks at the transformation of a purpose-built newspaper headquarters into a “new” LEED/Fitwel certified commercial facility, which reknit previously separated neighborhoods into a pedestrian/transit-oriented destination, serving as a catalyst …
Modern Heritage: Why It Matters, And What Gci Is Doing To Help Conserve It, 2021 Getty Conservation Institute
Modern Heritage: Why It Matters, And What Gci Is Doing To Help Conserve It, Chandler Mccoy
The Getty Conservation Institute entered the field of conserving modern heritage in 2013, with the establishment of its Conserving Modern Architecture Initiative (CMAI). The CMAI aims to advance the practice of conserving modern heritage and feels that the best way to retain and reuse modern buildings is by knowing how to maintain, repair and upgrade them, and does this by providing useful tools, case studies, and training to help promote this effort. There has recently been a wave of notable demolition cases which raises the question about the environmental impact of replacing existing buildings with new ones, with many concerned …
The Effects Of The Visual Environment On K-12 Student Achievement, 2021 University of Nebraska—Lincoln
The Effects Of The Visual Environment On K-12 Student Achievement, Michael Kuhlenengel, Iason Konstantzos, Clarence E. Waters
Faculty Publications in Architectural Engineering
The varying indoor environments among educational buildings can have an impact on students’ ability to learn. This study looks at field data from 220 classrooms in the Midwest, United States, over a two-year period, to analyze the effects of the visual environment on student achievement. The visual environmental metrics considered within this scope include the three new view metrics introduced within the EN 17037 “Daylight of Buildings” standard (Horizontal Sight Angle, Outside Distance of View, and Number of View Layers), as well as standard daylight and electric lighting metrics, focusing on light availability and glare. To capture student achievement, math …
Twisted Buildings: Concepts And Approaches, 2021 5th Level Student, Faculty of Architecture - Design & Built Environment, Beirut Arab University, Lebanon
Twisted Buildings: Concepts And Approaches, Amani Marmar, Sally Zouia, Sahar Ismail, Ahmad Hallik
Architecture and Planning Journal (APJ)
With the emerging of new technologies, the look for more sustainable towers appears. Through designing twisted towers, an aerodynamic and energy efficient structure can be made to reduce materials and wind loads towards it. By definition, a twisted building is one that has gradually rotating floor plates along its height. The problem here rises due to the risk of structural failure and lack of load transfer and unorganized interior function. Thus, this research aims to detect the design solutions used to execute the twisted buildings achieving stability, safety, and withstanding climatic effects. In order to accomplish the mentioned aim, the …