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Full-Text Articles in Social Work

Provider-Identified Implementation Barriers To Providing Cognitive Processing Therapy In Va: A Review Of The Literature And Changes Over Time, Stephanie M. Renno May 2019

Provider-Identified Implementation Barriers To Providing Cognitive Processing Therapy In Va: A Review Of The Literature And Changes Over Time, Stephanie M. Renno

Doctorate in Social Work (DSW) Dissertations

Incidents of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) are high, especially in veterans exposed to combat. Strongly supported, efficacious treatment options exist, including Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT) to treat the disorder and improve outcomes for patients. CPT has been trained widely in the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA). Despite national dissemination and training, utilization rates have been low. Using data from the 2008, 2011, 2014, and 2016 VA Cognitive Processing Therapy Practice Survey, the present study examined the trajectory of provider reported barriers to implementation of CPT across the four survey distributions. The sample was analyzed using frequencies within and across survey ...


Frequency Of Social Contact In-Person Vs. On Facebook: An Examination Of Associations With Psychiatric Symptoms In Military Veterans, Alan R. Teo, Benjamin K. Chan, Somnath Saha, Christina Nicolaidis Jan 2019

Frequency Of Social Contact In-Person Vs. On Facebook: An Examination Of Associations With Psychiatric Symptoms In Military Veterans, Alan R. Teo, Benjamin K. Chan, Somnath Saha, Christina Nicolaidis

Social Work Faculty Publications and Presentations

Introduction: Social isolation is closely associated with negative mental health outcomes. Social media platforms may expand opportunities for social contact, but whether online interactions are as effective as face-to-face, or in-person, interactions at protecting against the negative effects of social isolation is unclear.

Methods: Participants consisted of U.S. military veterans who served since September 2001 and used Facebook (n = 587). Our independent variables were frequency of social contact occurring in-person and on Facebook. Dependent variables were probable psychiatric disorders and suicidality, measured using several validated screening tools. The independent effect of each form of social contact was assessed using ...


Experiences And Challenges Of Social Workers Providing Services To Elderly Veterans, Maritza Rivera-Moret Jan 2019

Experiences And Challenges Of Social Workers Providing Services To Elderly Veterans, Maritza Rivera-Moret

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

The social work practice problem of this doctoral action research project was the unmet mental health needs of veterans 65 and older in Puerto Rico. This action research project explored the experiences and challenges of social workers when they offer mental health services to veterans 65 and older. This study was framed using social support theory, integrating the 3 core elements of tangible support, emotional support, and informational support. The data collection technique included a semistructured interview protocol used in a focus group setting. Purposive sampling was used to identify 9 participants who were licensed social workers in Puerto Rico ...


Social Workers' Perceptions Of The Effects On United States Soldiers Of Multiple Deployments, Cynthia Louise Wilson Jan 2019

Social Workers' Perceptions Of The Effects On United States Soldiers Of Multiple Deployments, Cynthia Louise Wilson

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Military personnel who have served during Operation Iraqi Freedom, Operation Enduring Freedom, and Operation New Dawn have experienced longer and more frequent deployments than U.S. personnel involved in any previous conflict. These multiple tours in combat zones have resulted in complex psychosocial needs for military personnel. The goal of this action research study was to understand social workers' perceptions and experiences of military personnel who experienced 3 or more deployments in a combat zone. The theoretical foundation for the study was narrative theory. Research questions sought to understand the social workers' perceptions of the psychosocial treatment needs of these ...


Efficacy Of A Va Residential Treatment Program For Co-Occurring Disorders, Kathrin Hohenstern Jan 2019

Efficacy Of A Va Residential Treatment Program For Co-Occurring Disorders, Kathrin Hohenstern

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

The problem of co-occurring substance abuse and mental health disorders among the veteran population can impact numerous aspects of a veteran's life, including self-esteem, relationships, employment, and legal issues. The Mental Health Residential Rehabilitation Treatment Program (MH RRTP) at the Saint Cloud, Minnesota VA Healthcare System is a program that provides residential treatment for this population. Identifying practical and beneficial treatment methods promotes better coping mechanisms for veterans and impacts social change by providing timely and cost-efficient care for veterans, while also leading the way for overall changes and improvements in other VA residential treatment programs. This study identified ...


Intake Case Managers' Perspectives On Rural Veteran Homelessness, Amanda Eun Jee Webreck Jan 2019

Intake Case Managers' Perspectives On Rural Veteran Homelessness, Amanda Eun Jee Webreck

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Homeless research has focused on the service-directed approach, but few qualitative studies have focused on the critical and sensitive nature of the intake process. Staff in rural and remote communities struggle to refer services and mainstream resources to homeless veterans. The purpose of this case study was to explore case managers' perspectives on intake procedures in rural Pennsylvania communities. Lewin's force field analysis was used as a theoretical basis to examine the rationale for behaviors and forces that impact an individual's state. Six case managers and 1 supervisor were selected for face-to-face interviews based on their experience, job ...


Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (Cbt) For Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (Ptsd) On Veterans And Its Relationship To Suicidal Thoughts, Peggy Erwin Jun 2018

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (Cbt) For Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (Ptsd) On Veterans And Its Relationship To Suicidal Thoughts, Peggy Erwin

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

This research project demonstrates the importance of the use of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and its relationship to the frequency of suicidal thoughts in veterans through the use of the positivist paradigm. The correlation that was found showing that Cognitive Behavioral Therapy does reduce the frequency of suicide ideation through the collection of quantitative data, and the understanding of Cognitive Learning Theory it is this study offers clinicians another tool to combat suicide in veterans.


Social Work Trauma Interventions: Dialectical Behavioral Therapy, Kassie Baumann May 2018

Social Work Trauma Interventions: Dialectical Behavioral Therapy, Kassie Baumann

Senior Honors Theses

According to Lynne Weilart (2013), in her article on the reasons why people seek out therapy, trauma is the number one reason people attend counseling. Many different trauma-informed approaches are designed specifically to address the consequences of trauma and to facilitate healing. Some of these approaches are as follows: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT); Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT);Mentalization Based Therapy (MBT); Trauma Systems Therapy (TST); Trauma Assessment Pathway (TAP); and Attachment, Self-Regulation, and Competency (ARC) (de Arellano, Danielson, Ko, & Sprauge, 2008). The effectiveness of each trauma intervention will be examined. DBT is one of these trauma interventions that is growing ...


Effective Social Work Practice With Military, Veterans, And Their Families, Katherine Boyer May 2018

Effective Social Work Practice With Military, Veterans, And Their Families, Katherine Boyer

Master of Social Work Clinical Research Papers

This study explores if licensed practicing social workers in the state of Minnesota perceive themselves as competent to work effectively with military, veterans, and their families. A qualitative survey was emailed by Minnesota Social Services Association to their members. A total of eight participants responded to the survey. Each of these participants indicated that he or she worked directly with a military-connected client the military. Content analysis was conducted and two themes were found. The majority of participants described not feeling prepared to work with this population and indicated a desire for more education. One of the limitations of this ...


Effective Social Work Practice With Military, Veterans, And Their Families, Katherine Boyer Jan 2018

Effective Social Work Practice With Military, Veterans, And Their Families, Katherine Boyer

Social Work Master’s Clinical Research Papers

This study explores if licensed practicing social workers in the state of Minnesota perceive themselves as competent to work effectively with military, veterans, and their families. A qualitative survey was emailed by Minnesota Social Services Association to their members. A total of eight participants responded to the survey. Each of these participants indicated that he or she worked directly with a military-connected client the military. Content analysis was conducted and two themes were found. The majority of participants described not feeling prepared to work with this population and indicated a desire for more education. One of the limitations of this ...


We Have A Sacred Duty To House All Homeless Veterans, Christopher R. Fee, Joshua L. Stewart Nov 2017

We Have A Sacred Duty To House All Homeless Veterans, Christopher R. Fee, Joshua L. Stewart

English Faculty Publications

In a letter to Congress urging the nation to pay what it owed to veterans of the Continental Army, George Washington voiced his firm conviction that we as honorable Americans would “never leave unpaid the debt of gratitude” to those brave souls who “rescued by their arms from impending ruin” the fledgling United States. (excerpt)


Exit Interviews’ Impact On Veterans’ Reintegration From Combat To Civilian Life: A Social Workers Call To Action, Meghann Doane, Natalie Rivera Jun 2017

Exit Interviews’ Impact On Veterans’ Reintegration From Combat To Civilian Life: A Social Workers Call To Action, Meghann Doane, Natalie Rivera

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

Combat veterans partake in exit interviews that may be inadequate in addressing their health and mental health needs prior to returning to a civilian lifestyle. Exit interviews have not been thoroughly evaluated from the perspective of veterans to determine their helpfulness in meeting the needs of those that have returned home. It is vital to the reintegration process and quality of life of our veterans to assess their needs as a priority over the feedback and inquiry of potential changes the military can make in the future for active military members, considering many veterans suffer from mental and physical illnesses ...


Warrior To Civilian: The Impact Of Social Identity And Emotional Well-Being On The Community Reintegration Of Us Service Members And Veterans, Mary E. Fortson-Harwell May 2017

Warrior To Civilian: The Impact Of Social Identity And Emotional Well-Being On The Community Reintegration Of Us Service Members And Veterans, Mary E. Fortson-Harwell

Doctor of International Conflict Management Dissertations

In this dissertation, the author explores the relationship between the social identity and emotional well-being of military service members and veterans when transitioning to civilian roles following deployment(s) and/or the end of military service. This mixed-methods study uses participant observations, survey measures, and semi-structured interviews to answer the following questions: How does social identity impact the emotional well-being of military service members when transitioning to civilian roles following deployment(s) and/or end of military service? How does participation in formalized or ad hoc community reintegration “rituals” influence the service member’s felt sense of return? By combining ...


Posttraumatic Growth In United States Military Veterans, Angela Cox May 2017

Posttraumatic Growth In United States Military Veterans, Angela Cox

Master of Social Work Clinical Research Papers

PTSD’s prevalence in U.S. military veterans requires a greater understanding of the disorder as well as knowledge of the concept of PTG. PTG has been described as a positive outcome from a traumatic experience (Tedeschi & Calhoun, 1996). Research on PTG found that veterans that were married, had strong social support, identified as being a minority, and participated in various trauma-related therapies reported higher levels of PTG. The purpose of this systematic review was to determine the contributing factors of PTG in U.S. military veterans. Knowledge of the contributing factors, signs, and facilitation of PTG is important in ...


Cognitive Behavioral Therapy For Veterans Experiencing Insomnia: A Systematic Review, Dustin Cobb May 2017

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy For Veterans Experiencing Insomnia: A Systematic Review, Dustin Cobb

Master of Social Work Clinical Research Papers

In this systematic literature review, research regarding veterans experiencing insomnia and the utilization of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia as an effective treatment modality were synthesized. Using the sociology research database SocINDEX; nine studies examining the effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy as a treatment option for insomnia and insomnia related symptoms met criteria for the review. The Behavioral Model of Insomnia was used as the conceptual framework for this review. This framework was utilized to explore Cognitive Behavioral Therapy as an effective means of treating veterans experiencing insomnia. Studies included in this systematic review produced these findings: improvements in sleep ...


Family Functioning And Secondary Traumatic Stress In Military Families: A Qualitative Study, Karlie Gams May 2017

Family Functioning And Secondary Traumatic Stress In Military Families: A Qualitative Study, Karlie Gams

Master of Social Work Clinical Research Papers

The purpose of this study was to explore secondary traumatic stress and family functioning in military families. Six licensed mental health professionals, including social workers and a marriage and family therapist with experience working directly with military families participated in this study. Using a qualitative design, participants were interviewed regarding their experience working with these families. Five themes emerged from the data including: (1) strength of communication within the family can impact functioning; (2) the non-veteran parent often takes on various aspect in the role of both parents; (3) children often present secondary traumatic stress symptoms outside of the home ...


Treating Trauma Among Veterans Using Complementary And Alternative Medicine: A Systematic Review, Brianne Wallgren May 2017

Treating Trauma Among Veterans Using Complementary And Alternative Medicine: A Systematic Review, Brianne Wallgren

Master of Social Work Clinical Research Papers

In this systematic review, literature and empirical intervention studies pertaining to the treatment of trauma among veterans using a Complementary and Alternative Medicine was analyzed. Using two databases, PsycINFO and PILOTS, 10 studies were located and key data was identified on theoretical foundations, therapy components, populations being served, as well as outcomes of interventions treating trauma among veterans via Complementary and Alternative Medicine. Each study was analyzed in full, to determine types of Complementary and Alternative Medicine interventions as well as results of the interventions utilized. The findings produced two major themes of Complementary and Alternative Medicine research treating trauma ...


Group Cognitive Processing Therapy For Veterans Experiencing Trauma: A Systematic Review, Rachel Kouba May 2017

Group Cognitive Processing Therapy For Veterans Experiencing Trauma: A Systematic Review, Rachel Kouba

Master of Social Work Clinical Research Papers

This systematic review examined the literature regarding veterans experiencing PTSD and the use of group Cognitive Processing Therapy as an intervention. Two databases, PILOTS and socINDEX, were used to identify the 10 best studies that met criteria for this review. The 10 studies were analyzed and findings for this study supported group Cognitive Processing Therapy in reducing symptoms of PTSD for veterans. Furthermore, this study compared findings from studies done in residential PTSD programs compared to non-residential programs. Initial findings show residential treatment programs seeing more improvements and reduction in PTSD than those in non-residential treatment programs. The limitations and ...


Moral Injury – The Lesser-Known Reality For Veterans: A Systematic Review, Ryan Normandin May 2017

Moral Injury – The Lesser-Known Reality For Veterans: A Systematic Review, Ryan Normandin

Master of Social Work Clinical Research Papers

This research paper focuses on moral injury, which is a lesser-known psychological problem that veterans face. Veterans face several challenges when they return home from deployment. These challenges are associated generally with combat experiences. Experiences such as roadside bombs, failures of leadership, deaths of fellow service members, the killing of others, friendly fire, and other transgressive acts all contribute to the challenges that veterans face. These experiences can and often do violate our beliefs; our sense of right versus wrong; good versus evil; what it means to be a member of the United States military, etc. These violations can lead ...


The Impact Of A Civic Service Program On Biopsychosocial Outcomes Of Post 9/11 U.S. Military Veterans, Monica M. Matthieu, Karen A. Lawrence, Emma Robertson-Blackmore Feb 2017

The Impact Of A Civic Service Program On Biopsychosocial Outcomes Of Post 9/11 U.S. Military Veterans, Monica M. Matthieu, Karen A. Lawrence, Emma Robertson-Blackmore

Social Work Faculty Publications

Volunteering as a health promotion intervention, improves physical health, mental health, and social outcomes particularly in older adults, yet limited research exists for veterans. We conducted a preliminary study to explore whether volunteering impacts a variety of biopsychosocial outcomes, including symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression, among returning military veterans from Iraq and Afghanistan. A survey enrolling a prospective cohort of United States (U.S.) veterans who served in the military after 11 September 2001 and who participated in a national civic service program was conducted. A total of 346 veterans completed standardized health, mental health, and psychosocial ...


Cognitive Behavioral Therapy For Veterans Experiencing Insomnia: A Systematic Review, Dustin Cobb Jan 2017

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy For Veterans Experiencing Insomnia: A Systematic Review, Dustin Cobb

Social Work Master’s Clinical Research Papers

In this systematic literature review, research regarding veterans experiencing insomnia and the utilization of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia as an effective treatment modality were synthesized. Using the sociology research database SocINDEX; nine studies examining the effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy as a treatment option for insomnia and insomnia related symptoms met criteria for the review. The Behavioral Model of Insomnia was used as the conceptual framework for this review. This framework was utilized to explore Cognitive Behavioral Therapy as an effective means of treating veterans experiencing insomnia. Studies included in this systematic review produced these findings: improvements in sleep ...


Group Cognitive Processing Therapy For Veterans Experiencing Trauma: A Systematic Review, Rachel Kouba Jan 2017

Group Cognitive Processing Therapy For Veterans Experiencing Trauma: A Systematic Review, Rachel Kouba

Social Work Master’s Clinical Research Papers

This systematic review examined the literature regarding veterans experiencing PTSD and the use of group Cognitive Processing Therapy as an intervention. Two databases, PILOTS and socINDEX, were used to identify the 10 best studies that met criteria for this review. The 10 studies were analyzed and findings for this study supported group Cognitive Processing Therapy in reducing symptoms of PTSD for veterans. Furthermore, this study compared findings from studies done in residential PTSD programs compared to non-residential programs. Initial findings show residential treatment programs seeing more improvements and reduction in PTSD than those in non-residential treatment programs. The limitations and ...


Family Functioning And Secondary Traumatic Stress In Military Families: A Qualitative Study, Karlie Gams Jan 2017

Family Functioning And Secondary Traumatic Stress In Military Families: A Qualitative Study, Karlie Gams

Social Work Master’s Clinical Research Papers

The purpose of this study was to explore secondary traumatic stress and family functioning in military families. Six licensed mental health professionals, including social workers and a marriage and family therapist with experience working directly with military families participated in this study. Using a qualitative design, participants were interviewed regarding their experience working with these families. Five themes emerged from the data including: (1) strength of communication within the family can impact functioning; (2) the non-veteran parent often takes on various aspect in the role of both parents; (3) children often present secondary traumatic stress symptoms outside of the home ...


Moral Injury – The Lesser-Known Reality For Veterans: A Systematic Review, Ryan Normandin Jan 2017

Moral Injury – The Lesser-Known Reality For Veterans: A Systematic Review, Ryan Normandin

Social Work Master’s Clinical Research Papers

This research paper focuses on moral injury, which is a lesser-known psychological problem that veterans face. Veterans face several challenges when they return home from deployment. These challenges are associated generally with combat experiences. Experiences such as roadside bombs, failures of leadership, deaths of fellow service members, the killing of others, friendly fire, and other transgressive acts all contribute to the challenges that veterans face. These experiences can and often do violate our beliefs; our sense of right versus wrong; good versus evil; what it means to be a member of the United States military, etc. These violations can lead ...


Treating Trauma Among Veterans Using Complementary And Alternative Medicine: A Systematic Review, Brianne Wallgren Jan 2017

Treating Trauma Among Veterans Using Complementary And Alternative Medicine: A Systematic Review, Brianne Wallgren

Social Work Master’s Clinical Research Papers

In this systematic review, literature and empirical intervention studies pertaining to the treatment of trauma among veterans using a Complementary and Alternative Medicine was analyzed. Using two databases, PsycINFO and PILOTS, 10 studies were located and key data was identified on theoretical foundations, therapy components, populations being served, as well as outcomes of interventions treating trauma among veterans via Complementary and Alternative Medicine. Each study was analyzed in full, to determine types of Complementary and Alternative Medicine interventions as well as results of the interventions utilized. The findings produced two major themes of Complementary and Alternative Medicine research treating trauma ...


Posttraumatic Growth In United States Military Veterans, Angela Cox Jan 2017

Posttraumatic Growth In United States Military Veterans, Angela Cox

Social Work Master’s Clinical Research Papers

PTSD’s prevalence in U.S. military veterans requires a greater understanding of the disorder as well as knowledge of the concept of PTG. PTG has been described as a positive outcome from a traumatic experience (Tedeschi & Calhoun, 1996). Research on PTG found that veterans that were married, had strong social support, identified as being a minority, and participated in various trauma-related therapies reported higher levels of PTG. The purpose of this systematic review was to determine the contributing factors of PTG in U.S. military veterans. Knowledge of the contributing factors, signs, and facilitation of PTG is important in ...


Predicting Dialectic Behavioral Treatment Outcomes In Veterans At High Risk For Suicide, Courtney Stich Jan 2017

Predicting Dialectic Behavioral Treatment Outcomes In Veterans At High Risk For Suicide, Courtney Stich

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

Numerous studies have shown that veterans are at higher risk for suicide compared to the U.S. general population. Despite significant effort, awareness amongst clinicians and policymakers, these rates continue to increase. Dialectical Behavioral Therapy has shown great success in treating suicidality and emotional dysregulation due to mental illness such as Borderline Personality Disorder, yet has never been studied in the veteran population. The initial study found that veterans responded equally to DBT and TAU. This study looked at what clinical and demographic characteristics could predict DBT treatment success. Veterans who identified as women, with higher education, and more suicide ...


Does The Money Matter? Analyzing The Relationship Between The Change In Veteran Expenditures And The Changes In Veteran Suicide And Homeless Rates, Michael Joe Martinez Jan 2017

Does The Money Matter? Analyzing The Relationship Between The Change In Veteran Expenditures And The Changes In Veteran Suicide And Homeless Rates, Michael Joe Martinez

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Homelessness and suicide are two issues that plague the U.S. veteran community. This research addresses the funding allocated toward veterans through the Department of Veterans Affairs and the changing veteran homelessness as well as suicide incidences. Previous research has indicated that social programs can benefit veterans at high risk for suicide or homelessness. It is theorized that an increased budget for the Department of Veterans Affairs can create more resources to not only help veterans seeking help at the Department, but also to reach out to more veterans who are not currently seeking assistance with Veterans Affairs. Analyzing data ...


Exploring Personal And Societal Expectations Of Blind Veterans, Malinda L. Wimbs Jan 2017

Exploring Personal And Societal Expectations Of Blind Veterans, Malinda L. Wimbs

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

More U.S. men and women are returning from military service obligations with physical and mental disabilities which complicate their transition to civilian life. Few researchers, however, have examined the post service experiences of blind veterans and whether they are affected by societal expectations of people living with disabilities. The purpose of this qualitative study was to gain knowledge about the experiences of U.S. veterans who suffered vision loss, and the influence of societal expectations on their lives. Hermeneutic phenomenological methodology was used to explore the personal meanings 8 veterans, who lost their vision during active service, attached to ...


Systematic Review Of Veterans' Coping Strategies: How Can Rural Veterans Improve Their Quality Of Life?, Tracey Marie Barnett, Alexa Smith-Osborne, Freda Barnett-Braddock Sep 2016

Systematic Review Of Veterans' Coping Strategies: How Can Rural Veterans Improve Their Quality Of Life?, Tracey Marie Barnett, Alexa Smith-Osborne, Freda Barnett-Braddock

Contemporary Rural Social Work Journal

This systematic review examines the empirical literature on an emerging body of coping strategies (CS), both civilian readjustment and health-risk related, experienced by United States military veterans exposed to combat stress and other military lifestyle stressors. Studies that met inclusion criteria were selected among quantitative, qualitative, and mixed-methods studies published in peer-reviewed journals. Population, Intervention, Comparison, and Outcome (PICO) criteria and Grades of Recommendation, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) were applied to all studies. Seventeen reports meeting a priori inclusion criteria were extracted from 107 studies accessed through 9 electronic databases. Data were synthesized to investigate two research questions informing ...