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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

The More Things Change: An Analysis Of Recent Fourth Amendment Jurisprudence, Robert Vaughn Sep 2015

The More Things Change: An Analysis Of Recent Fourth Amendment Jurisprudence, Robert Vaughn

Robert Vaughn, J.D.

Perhaps no Constitutional amendment gets tried and tested more than the Fourth Amendment. Each year, thousands of criminal defendants bring legal challenges to the proceedings against them rooted in claimed Fourth Amendment violations. Changing technology and its use fuels a large part of this as new technology intersects with individual privacy in new ways. An oft heard argument in Fourth Amendment jurisprudence is that the Fourth Amendment must change in order to keep up with the progress of time and societal change. Through an analysis of recent case law examining Fourth Amendment protections and technology, this article concludes that the ...


Rethinking Combined History Departments: An Argument For History And Anthropology, Ageeth Sluis, Elise Edwards Sep 2015

Rethinking Combined History Departments: An Argument For History And Anthropology, Ageeth Sluis, Elise Edwards

Elise M. Edwards

Many opportunities for more integrated teaching that better capture the interdisciplinary nature of contemporary scholars' work and better achieve the aims of liberal arts education still remain untapped, particularly at smaller schools where combined departments are often necessary. The disciplinary boundaries between history and sociocultural anthropology have become increasingly blurred in recent decades, a trend reflected in scholarly work that engages with both fields, as well as dual-degree graduate programmes at top U.S. research universities. For many scholars, this interdisciplinarity makes sense, with the two disciplines offering critical theoretical tools and methods that must be used in combination to ...


Fields Of Individuals And Neoliberal Logics: Japanese Soccer Ideals And The 1990s Economic Crisis, Elise M. Edwards Sep 2015

Fields Of Individuals And Neoliberal Logics: Japanese Soccer Ideals And The 1990s Economic Crisis, Elise M. Edwards

Elise M. Edwards

This article explores the relationship between popular representations of soccer and the rise of neoliberal discourse celebrating a new individualism in Japan at the turn of the millennium, a time when the country experienced sharp economic decline and consequent economic restructuring. Examining dominant vocabularies and practices present in coaching discourse, on soccer fields, and in media portrayals of Japanese men’s and women’s professional leagues, the author argues that rather than a coincidental, coeval mirroring between two seemingly unrelated realms—sports and economic transformations—these relationships point to the positioning of soccer over the past 20 years in Japan ...


Bodies In Motion: Contemplating Work, Leisure, And Late Capitalism In Japanese Fitness Clubs, Elise M. Edwards Sep 2015

Bodies In Motion: Contemplating Work, Leisure, And Late Capitalism In Japanese Fitness Clubs, Elise M. Edwards

Elise M. Edwards

Review article of: Laura Spielvogel. 2003. Working Out in Japan: Shaping the Female Body in Tokyo Fitness Clubs. Durham and London: Duke University Press.


An Ethics For Working Up?: Japanese Corporate Scandals And Rethinking Lessons About Fieldwork, Elise Edwards Sep 2015

An Ethics For Working Up?: Japanese Corporate Scandals And Rethinking Lessons About Fieldwork, Elise Edwards

Elise M. Edwards

Almost forty years after Laura Nader's initial rallying call for anthropologists to “study up,” research on power holders and elite individuals and institutions still constitutes only a small fraction of ethnographic work. In addition, many of the methodological and ethical issues specific to studying up remain under-examined. Most discussions of methodological and ethical dilemmas in anthropology to date have assumed a power differential that favors the anthropologist. What happens when the power vector points in the other direction? Through the retelling of dilemmas faced when dealing with a very powerful and prominent field subject, I set the stage for ...


Pre-Raphaelite Wonderland: Christian Yandell's Alice, Michael K. Organ Jul 2015

Pre-Raphaelite Wonderland: Christian Yandell's Alice, Michael K. Organ

Michael Organ

In 1923, young Australian artist Christian Yandell (1894–1954) applied a Pre-Raphaelite pen to the task of illustrating an Australasian edition of Lewis Carroll's Alice in Wonderland (1924). A latecomer to the Pre-Raphaelite and Symbolist worlds of myth and legend, Yandell’s work from the 1910s through to the 1930s strongly reflected both art movements, with theosophical underpinnings eventually dominating. Like Pre-Raphaelitism, Yandell’s was a narrative art, embedded in stories and telling their own, thus the natural application to Carroll's classic work of fantasy. Intelligent, mythological, spiritual, dreamy, and mystical, Yandell's drawings were less a reflection ...


Hume Cook And Christian Yandell's Australian Fairy Tales 1925, Michael K. Organ Jul 2015

Hume Cook And Christian Yandell's Australian Fairy Tales 1925, Michael K. Organ

Michael Organ

Hume Cook's Australian Fairy Tales of 1925 was the first book fully produced in Australia to bear that specific title. Its appearance followed on the passage of almost 30 years since the publication in London during 1897 of Frank Atha Westbury's similarly titled work, and Jessie Mary Whitfield's The spirit of the bush fire and other Australian fairy tales in Sydney the following year. There had been numerous stories about local fairies and other fantastical creatures written in Australia prior to 1925, including the Reverend Charles Marson's Faery Stories (Marson 1891) and the many small booklets ...


The 'London' Edition Of Captain Charles Wilkes' Narrative Of The Us Exploring Expedition, 1845, Michael K. Organ May 2015

The 'London' Edition Of Captain Charles Wilkes' Narrative Of The Us Exploring Expedition, 1845, Michael K. Organ

Michael Organ

A copy of the rare 1845 imperial octavo 'London' edition of Captain Charles Wilkes' Narrative of the United States Exploring Expedition exists in the National Library of Australia collection with original cloth bindings and ornamental blind and gold stamping featuring the seal of the United States on the front and back covers.1 This set of five volumes plus atlas allow us to obtain a precise bibliographic description of this little known variant of the Narrative.


Ideas And Collaborative Governance: A Discursive Localism Approach, Neil Bradford Dec 2014

Ideas And Collaborative Governance: A Discursive Localism Approach, Neil Bradford

Neil Bradford

In recent years, interest has grown in collaboration in public policy. Responding to the complex issues now playing out in cities, scholars are focusing on localized governance relations that blur boundaries between public, private, and community sectors. This article introduces discursive localism as a framework to understand better collaborative urban governance. It argues that ideas play a pivotal role in motivating collective action, channeling policy resources, and shaping governance relations. Although recent urban-focused accounts of collective action suggest a role for ideas, systematic attention to their normative-philosophical and cognitive-programmatic dimensions reveals how different policy discourses frame incentives and institutions for ...


Ideologies Of Language And Race In Us Media Discourse About The Trayvon Martin Shooting, Adam Hodges Dec 2014

Ideologies Of Language And Race In Us Media Discourse About The Trayvon Martin Shooting, Adam Hodges

Adam Hodges

This article examines the discourse about race and racism that ensued in the US media after the shooting death of an African American youth, Trayvon Martin, by a neighborhood watch volunteer, George Zimmerman, in February 2012. The analysis examines news programs from the three major cable television channels in the United States: CNN, Fox News, and MSNBC. The theoretical framework builds upon Hill’s (2008) discussion of the ‘folk theory of race and racism’ in contrast to critical race theory, and asks, to what extent does the mainstream media’s discourse about race remain embedded in folk ideas and to ...


The Paranoid Style In Politics: Ideological Underpinnings Of The Discourse Of Second Amendment Absolutism, Adam Hodges Dec 2014

The Paranoid Style In Politics: Ideological Underpinnings Of The Discourse Of Second Amendment Absolutism, Adam Hodges

Adam Hodges

In American politics, the National Rifle Association (NRA) has asserted itself as a leading voice in the gun rights movement. The strident rhetoric emanating from the NRA leadership impacts the development of a broader discourse in American public life over gun rights — a discourse of Second Amendment absolutism — that articulates a set of assumptions and explanations in defense of an absolutist stance against gun regulation in any form. This paper examines the ideologies that underlie this absolutist discourse and the identities those ideologies help to construct. In particular, the absolutist discourse is analyzed through the lens of what historian Richard ...


Fan Fiction Metadata Creation And Utilization Within Fan Fiction Archives: Three Primary Models, Shannon Johnson Oct 2014

Fan Fiction Metadata Creation And Utilization Within Fan Fiction Archives: Three Primary Models, Shannon Johnson

Shannon F Johnson

Issues related to searchability and ease of access have plagued fan fiction since its inception. This paper discusses the predominate forms of fan-mediated indexing and descriptive metadata, commonly referred to as folksonomy or tagging, and compares the benefits and disadvantages of each model. These models fall into three broad categories: free tagging, controlled vocabulary, and hybrid folksonomy. Each model has distinct advantages and shortcomings related to findability, results filtering, and creative empowerment. Examples for each are provided. Possible ramifications to fan fiction from improved metadata and access are also discussed.


Individual Characteristics And Their Effect On Predicting Mu Rhythm Modulation, Adriane Randolph, Melody Jackson, Saurav Karmakar Aug 2014

Individual Characteristics And Their Effect On Predicting Mu Rhythm Modulation, Adriane Randolph, Melody Jackson, Saurav Karmakar

Adriane B. Randolph

Brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) offer users with severe motor disabilities a nonmuscular input channel for communication and control but require that users achieve a level of literacy and be able to harness their appropriate electrophysiological responses for effective use of the interface. There is currently no formalized process for determining a user's aptitude for control of various BCIs without testing on an actual system. This study presents how basic information captured about users may be used to predict modulation of mu rhythms, electrical variations in the motor cortex region of the brain that may be used for control of a ...


The Story Of Taste: Using Eegs And Self-Reports To Understand Consumer Choice, Charnetta Brown, Adriane B. Randolph, Janée N. Burkhalter Aug 2014

The Story Of Taste: Using Eegs And Self-Reports To Understand Consumer Choice, Charnetta Brown, Adriane B. Randolph, Janée N. Burkhalter

Adriane B. Randolph

The authors investigate consumers’ willingness to switch from a preferred manufacturer brand to an unfamiliar private-label brand if taste is perceived as identical. Consumer decisions are examined through recordings of electrical brain activity in the form of electroencephalograms (EEGs) and self-reported data captured in surveys. Results reveal a willingness of consumers to switch to a less-expensive brand when the quality is perceived to be the same as the more expensive counterpart. Cost saving options for consumers and advertising considerations for managers are discussed.


Brain Games As A Potential Nonpharmaceutical Alternative For The Treatment Of Adhd, Stacy Wegrzyn, Doug Hearrington, Tim Martin, Adriane Randolph Aug 2014

Brain Games As A Potential Nonpharmaceutical Alternative For The Treatment Of Adhd, Stacy Wegrzyn, Doug Hearrington, Tim Martin, Adriane Randolph

Adriane B. Randolph

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most commonly diagnosed childhood neurobehavioral disorder, affecting approximately 5.5 million children, of which approximately 66% take ADHD medication daily. his study investigated a potential nonpharmaceutical alternative to address the academic engagement of 5th through 11th grade students (n = 10) diagnosed with ADHD. Participants were asked to play "brain games" for a minimum of 20 minutes each morning before school for 5 weeks. Engagement was measured at three points in time using electroencephalogram, parent and teacher reports, researcher observations, and participant self-reports. An analysis of the data supports the hypothesis that daily use ...


Developing Soft Skills To Manage User Expectations In It Projects: Knowledge Reuse Among It Project Managers, Stacie Petter, Adriane Randolph Aug 2014

Developing Soft Skills To Manage User Expectations In It Projects: Knowledge Reuse Among It Project Managers, Stacie Petter, Adriane Randolph

Adriane B. Randolph

This research explores information technology (IT) project managers' reuse of knowledge associated with soft skills when managing user expectations. Through interviews with IT project managers, several themes emerged: novelty of problems, conditions within the organization, types of available knowledge, and methods for reusing knowledge. Within this study, we discovered the need for additional research on how social norms and organizational conditions encourage or inhibit knowledge reuse. Furthermore, we identified a difference in the usefulness of knowledge captured in formal repositories according to levels of project management experience. The findings confirm, extend, and illuminate the current research associated with knowledge reuse ...


“China’S 1989 Choice: The Paradox Of Seeking Wealth And Democracy,” (With Joseph O'Mahoney)., Zheng Wang Jul 2014

“China’S 1989 Choice: The Paradox Of Seeking Wealth And Democracy,” (With Joseph O'Mahoney)., Zheng Wang

Zheng Wang

No abstract provided.


“Bad Memories, Good Dream: The Legacy Of Historical Memory And China’S Foreign Policy,”, Zheng Wang Jun 2014

“Bad Memories, Good Dream: The Legacy Of Historical Memory And China’S Foreign Policy,”, Zheng Wang

Zheng Wang

No abstract provided.


One Million Downloads For Uow's Research Online, Kate Mcilwain, Michael K. Organ, Katina Michael, M. G. Michael Jun 2014

One Million Downloads For Uow's Research Online, Kate Mcilwain, Michael K. Organ, Katina Michael, M. G. Michael

Michael Organ

UOW’s open access research repository, Research Online, has reached one million full text article downloads since the site went live in 2006. Research Online allows anyone to download papers and articles by UOW academics, including student theses and research papers from a wide range of areas. Manager of Repository Services, Michael Organ said the millionth download is quite a landmark for the university. “One million downloads is a lot of people accessing our papers,” he said. The millionth paper to be accessed was a 2006 conference paper by Faculty of Informatics academics Katina Michael, A. McNamee and MG Michael ...


Tolkien’S Japonisme: Prints, Dragons, And A Great Wave, Michael Organ Jun 2014

Tolkien’S Japonisme: Prints, Dragons, And A Great Wave, Michael Organ

Michael Organ

The original September 1937 George Allen & Unwin edition of The Hobbit features artwork by J.R.R. Tolkien along with an accompanying dust jacket. This latter work is a modern, stylized graphic design composed of a not entirely symmetrical view of a Middle-earth landscape (night to the left, day to the right), with the Lonely Mountain rising in the distant center, flanked by steeply sloped, snow-covered Misty Mountains and in the foreground Mirkwood’s dense, impenetrable forests. Additional features include a crescent moon, the sun, a dragon, eagles, a lake village, and a rapier-like path—a straight road— heading toward a darkened, megalithic trapezoidal door at the base of the mountain.1 The runes which form the border read: “The Hobbit or There and Back Again, being the record of a year’s journey made by Bilbo Baggins; compiled from his memoirs by J.R.R. Tolkien and published by George Allen & Unwin.”


'Please Mr Frodo, Is This New Zealand? Or Australia?'... 'No Sam, It's Middle-Earth.', Michael K. Organ Jun 2014

'Please Mr Frodo, Is This New Zealand? Or Australia?'... 'No Sam, It's Middle-Earth.', Michael K. Organ

Michael Organ

The exploitation of JRR Tolkien's Middle-earth by Tourism New Zealand following the success of Peter Jackson's Lord of the Rings films and the release of the first part of The Hobbit has been met with accusations of cultural racism by Maori, misrepresentation by Pakeha and re-appropriation by independent British filmmakers, writes Michael Organ.


The Relation Between Variance And Information Rents In Auctions, Brett Katzman, Julian Reif, Jesse Schwartz May 2014

The Relation Between Variance And Information Rents In Auctions, Brett Katzman, Julian Reif, Jesse Schwartz

Jesse A. Schwartz

This paper examines the conventional wisdom, expressed in McAfee and McMillan's (1987) widely cited survey paper on auctions, that links increased variance of bidder values to increased information rent. We find that although the conventional wisdom does indeed hold in their (1986) model of a linear contract auction, this relationship is an artifact of that particular model and cannot be generalized. Using Samuelson's (1987) model, which is similar but allows for unobservable costs, we show that increased variance does not always imply increased information rent. Finally, we give the appropriate measure of dispersion (different from variance) that provides ...


Wage Bargaining Under The National Labor Relations Act, Jesse Schwartz, Quan Wen May 2014

Wage Bargaining Under The National Labor Relations Act, Jesse Schwartz, Quan Wen

Jesse A. Schwartz

Sections 8(a)(3) and 8(a)(5) of the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA) prohibit the management of a firm from unilaterally increasing the wage during contract negotiations without the union's approval. We show how the management can strategically increase the wage during negotiations without violating the NLRA. Increasing the wage during negotiations will upset the union's incentive to strike and decrease the union's bargaining power, thereby shrinking the set of equilibrium contracts in the firm's favor. Indeed, as the union becomes more patient, the set of equilibrium wages converges to the best equilibrium outcome ...


Dominant Strategy Implementation With A Convex Product Space Of Valuations, Katherine Cuff, Sunghoon Hong, Jesse Schwartz, Quan Wen, John Weymark May 2014

Dominant Strategy Implementation With A Convex Product Space Of Valuations, Katherine Cuff, Sunghoon Hong, Jesse Schwartz, Quan Wen, John Weymark

Jesse A. Schwartz

A necessary and sufficient condition for dominant strategy implementability when preferences are quasilinear is that, for every individual i and every choice of the types of the other individuals, all k-cycles in i's allocation graph have nonnegative length for every integer k ≥ 2. Saks and Yu (Proceedings of the 6th ACM conference on electronic commerce (EC'05), pp 286-293, 2005) have shown that when the number of outcomes is finite and i's valuation type space is convex, nonnegativity of the length of all 2-cycles is sufficient for the nonnegativity of the length of all k-cycles. In this article ...


Wage Negotiation Under Good Faith Bargaining, Jesse Schwartz, Quan Wen May 2014

Wage Negotiation Under Good Faith Bargaining, Jesse Schwartz, Quan Wen

Jesse A. Schwartz

We study the wage negotiation model of Haller and Holden (1990) and Fernandez and Glazer (1991) under the "Good Faith Bargaining" (GFB) rule, where a party may not demand more than it has previously demanded. The GFB rule significantly restricts feasible strategies, but at the same time, makes the game non-stationary and the analysis complicated. We introduce a state-dependent backward induction that generalizes Shaked and Sutton (1984) to characterize the equilibrium payoffs. We find that the GFB rule eliminates the union's credibility to strike. Without the strikes, the union's strategic opportunities during disagreement disappear, so that there is ...


It Project Managers' Perceptions And Use Of Virtual Team Technologies, Catherine Beise, Fred Niederman, Herbert Mattord May 2014

It Project Managers' Perceptions And Use Of Virtual Team Technologies, Catherine Beise, Fred Niederman, Herbert Mattord

Herbert J. Mattord

This paper presents the results of a case study pertaining to the use of information and communication media to support a range of project management tasks. A variety of electronic communication tools have evolved to support collaborative work and virtual teams. Few of these tools have focused specifically on the needs of project managers. In an effort to learn how practicing IT project managers employ these tools, data were collected at a North American Fortune 500 industrial company via interviews with IT project managers regarding their use and perceptions of electronic media within the context of their work on project ...


Intangible Investments And The Pricing Of Corporate Sga Expenses, Rongbing Huang, Gim S. Seow, Joe S. Shangguan May 2014

Intangible Investments And The Pricing Of Corporate Sga Expenses, Rongbing Huang, Gim S. Seow, Joe S. Shangguan

Rongbing Huang

This study examined whether the market fully prices the reported Selling, General, and Administrative (SGA) expenses when this item includes an intangible investment component. For a sample of intangible investment-intensive firms, we showed that their SGA expenses benefit future operating performances. Evidence suggests some degree of market inefficiency in the pricing of SGA expenses and the intangible investment component. Furthermore, the financial analysts do not appear to appreciate fully the future benefits of the component in their earnings forecasts. Finally, the pertinent disclosures in firms’ annual reports are so inadequate as to attenuate the market mispricing, suggesting a significant room ...


Rethinking Context: Leveraging Human And Machine Computation In Disaster Response, Sarah Vieweg, Adam Hodges Mar 2014

Rethinking Context: Leveraging Human And Machine Computation In Disaster Response, Sarah Vieweg, Adam Hodges

Adam Hodges

Human-computer systems that treat context simply as enumerated facts, rules, or axioms about the surrounding physical and social environment will always have trouble handling information requiring human pragmatic interpretation. One way to overcome such limitations is to draw upon human pragmatic awareness to create hybrid systems capable of both extracting large quantities of data and processing that data in a way that is meaningful to users.


Critical Anthropology Of Global Health 'Takes A Stand' Statement: A Critical Medical Anthropological Approach To The Us' Affordable Care Act, Jessica Mulligan, Sarah Horton, Cesar Abadía, Jennifer Jo Thompson Feb 2014

Critical Anthropology Of Global Health 'Takes A Stand' Statement: A Critical Medical Anthropological Approach To The Us' Affordable Care Act, Jessica Mulligan, Sarah Horton, Cesar Abadía, Jennifer Jo Thompson

Jessica Mulligan

The Affordable Care Act (ACA) of 2010—the U.S.'s first major health care reform in over half a century—has sparked new debates in the United States about individual responsibility, the collective good, and the social contract. Although the ACA aims to reduce the number of the uninsured through the simultaneous expansion of the private insurance industry and government-funded Medicaid, critics charge it merely expands rather than reforms the existing fragmented and costly employer-based health care system. Focusing in particular on the ACA's individual mandate and its planned Medicaid expansion, this statement charts a course for ethnographic ...


Identity Politics And Foreign Policy: Taiwan’S Relations With China And Japan, 1895-2012, Yinan He Jan 2014

Identity Politics And Foreign Policy: Taiwan’S Relations With China And Japan, 1895-2012, Yinan He

Yinan He

Nation is a product of self-other separation and exclusion. Divergent, or even competing, narratives about the national Self and Other advanced by various nationalist entrepreneurs can shape conflicting policy preferences regarding the foreign country in question. The two primary Others for defining Taiwan's identity, China and Japan, have been frequently set against one another in its political discourses as elites wage a pitched battle over whom the Taiwanese are and where their future lies. This was evident during Japanese colonization in 1895-1945, the rule by the KMT regime after the war, and post-democratization period. For the new KMT government ...