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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

The Entrepreneurial Ecosystem In Egypt: A Gendered Perspective, Hanan Khayal Jun 2021

The Entrepreneurial Ecosystem In Egypt: A Gendered Perspective, Hanan Khayal

Theses and Dissertations

This study aims to investigate the Egyptian entrepreneurial ecosystem from a gendered perspective, focusing on women entrepreneurs and experts’ views of the ecosystem and its effect on women entrepreneurs and their ventures. The study uses a qualitative approach incorporating semi-structured interviews with fourteen women entrepreneurs and experts with long experience in the field of entrepreneurship. The analysis shows that the pillars of the ecosystem namely policy, culture, finance, education and training, and networking have impactful influences on women entrepreneurs in Egypt, affecting their entrepreneurial journey across the different levels of venturing. Women entrepreneurs are at a disadvantage within the ecosystem ...


Women’S Employment And Entrepreneurship Programs Offered By Ngos In Egypt, Amany Ali Abdeen Ms. Jun 2021

Women’S Employment And Entrepreneurship Programs Offered By Ngos In Egypt, Amany Ali Abdeen Ms.

Theses and Dissertations

Many non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in Egypt offer women employment and entrepreneurship programs and services. These interventions are envisioned to play a significant role in helping women become economically independent and overcome some of the constraints they face. These revolve around women’s limited access to strategic resources such as access to finance, skills and innovation assets. This study highlights the kinds of interventions offered by NGOs to support women beneficiaries by providing them with trainings, funding opportunities and couching services along with exploring the challenges these NGOs address. Moreover, both NGOs and women should be aware of the institutional laws ...


Administrative Law In The Automated State, Cary Coglianese Apr 2021

Administrative Law In The Automated State, Cary Coglianese

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

In the future, administrative agencies will rely increasingly on digital automation powered by machine learning algorithms. Can U.S. administrative law accommodate such a future? Not only might a highly automated state readily meet longstanding administrative law principles, but the responsible use of machine learning algorithms might perform even better than the status quo in terms of fulfilling administrative law’s core values of expert decision-making and democratic accountability. Algorithmic governance clearly promises more accurate, data-driven decisions. Moreover, due to their mathematical properties, algorithms might well prove to be more faithful agents of democratic institutions. Yet even if an automated ...


Juvenile Detention Alternatives Initiative, Zero-Tolerance Discipline, And The School-To Prison Pipeline, Lois V. Woods Apr 2021

Juvenile Detention Alternatives Initiative, Zero-Tolerance Discipline, And The School-To Prison Pipeline, Lois V. Woods

Journal of Social Change

Zero-tolerance discipline policies led to the introduction of police on school campuses and have resulted in a disproportionate number of in-school arrests and referrals of Black middle-school students, subjecting them to the school-to-prison pipeline. Data shows the negative effects of zero tolerance; however, less is known regarding alternative evidence-based strategies such as the Juvenile Detention Alternatives Initiative (JDAI). Grounded in the labeling theoretical framework, this study examined whether JDAI status (pre-JDAI and post-JDAI) could predict arrests and referrals while controlling for race, gender, and age. Secondary data were collected from a juvenile court in northwest Georgia on 1,303 middle-school ...


Resident Safety During Disasters: Response To The Covid-19 Pandemic In Hampton Roads Area Nursing Homes, Tihara Richardson Apr 2021

Resident Safety During Disasters: Response To The Covid-19 Pandemic In Hampton Roads Area Nursing Homes, Tihara Richardson

College of Business (Strome) Posters

The communal nature of long-term care facilities (LTCFs), and the population served which includes older adults often with underlying medical conditions, put those living in LTCFs at increased risk of infection and severe illness from COVID-19. The COVID-19 pandemic has further illuminated gaps in LTCFs disaster preparedness as they have lacked the resources necessary to contain the outbreak, including tests and personal protective equipment, and underpaid and undertrained staff. The purpose of this research is to examine resident safety in nursing homes within the Hampton Roads region during the COVID-19 pandemic. This study seeks to examine the association between nursing ...


Leadership In Collaborative Emergency Management And Resilience, Norah Alshayhan, Juita-Elena (Wie) Yusuf Apr 2021

Leadership In Collaborative Emergency Management And Resilience, Norah Alshayhan, Juita-Elena (Wie) Yusuf

College of Business (Strome) Posters

Emergency management and resilience are key concepts and functions that are vital for mitigating risks of hazards and reducing the impacts of disasters. Public sector leaders within the emergency management and resilience domains play a critical role in leading the organization and its staff and partners in achieving these goals of risk mitigation and disaster impact reduction. This research investigates the skills and competencies that emergency management and resilience leaders need to be successful in collaborations to deal with emergencies and disasters today and in a post-COVID world. The study will employ a postpositivist case study design using interviews as ...


Bipolaridad De Las Políticas De Movilidad Del Valle De Aburrá: Análisis Desde Los Instrumentos De Gestión De La Demanda Implementados Entre 1999 Y 2019, Viviana Tobón Jaramillo Mar 2021

Bipolaridad De Las Políticas De Movilidad Del Valle De Aburrá: Análisis Desde Los Instrumentos De Gestión De La Demanda Implementados Entre 1999 Y 2019, Viviana Tobón Jaramillo

Gobernar: The Journal of Latin American Public Policy and Governance

Medellín and the Aburrá Valley are internationally recognized for their capacity to design bold projects regarding transportation and sustainability. However, the city's mobility dynamics show a different reality: the number of vehicles has grown steadily over the last 20 years. The metropolitan inhabitants spend 44% more time mobilizing in the city than 12 years ago and air quality has become the main challenge on the city's environmental agenda. The purpose of this article is to understand, from the analysis of public policies, the reasons why no progress has been made in the implementation of policies that effectively discourage ...


Las Fundaciones Empresariales Y La Agendación De Políticas Públicas Mediante La Gestión De Redes De Actores: El Caso De Niñezya En Colombia, Natalia Garay, Santiago Leyva, Carolina Turriago Mar 2021

Las Fundaciones Empresariales Y La Agendación De Políticas Públicas Mediante La Gestión De Redes De Actores: El Caso De Niñezya En Colombia, Natalia Garay, Santiago Leyva, Carolina Turriago

Gobernar: The Journal of Latin American Public Policy and Governance

This article explores the possibilities of network management to increase the capacity of business foundations to exert influence on the process of agenda-setting in public policies. This case illustrates how three foundations (Éxito Foundation, Alpina Foundation and ALAS Foundation) helped to coordinate one hundred civil society organizations to influence the Colombian National Development Plan (2018-2022). The case shows that business foundations can play an important role in setting the policy agenda by working as articulators of multiple fragmented actors of civil society. The article details the specific mechanisms used to pursue this articulation through the creation of a policy network ...


La Lucha Por El Liderazgo Adecuado En Las Organizaciones De Los Movimientos Sociales: Reflexión Colectiva Y Reglas Como Base Para La Autonomía, Ruth Simsa, Marion Totter Mar 2021

La Lucha Por El Liderazgo Adecuado En Las Organizaciones De Los Movimientos Sociales: Reflexión Colectiva Y Reglas Como Base Para La Autonomía, Ruth Simsa, Marion Totter

Gobernar: The Journal of Latin American Public Policy and Governance

This article analyzes how leadership is practiced in social movement organizations (OMS). Drawing on Critical Leadership Studies, and based on qualitative empirical research conducted in the organizations of the Spanish 15M protest movement, we analyze leadership perceptions, tensions and practices in dealing with these challenges. Our findings indicate that leadership practices in the investigated OMSs are autonomous, reflective and rule-based. Emphasizing collective reflection and rules highlights two aspects of leadership in OMSs that have been largely ignored in the discourses. Nevertheless, they turn out to be important means to address the challenges of autonomous leadership.


La Administración Pública Desde La Perspectiva De La Prevención De Atrocidades En Las Respuestas A La Covid-19: Aprovechar La Pandemia Para Lograr Mayor Equidad Social, Nadia Rubaii, Kerry E. Whigham, Susan Appe Mar 2021

La Administración Pública Desde La Perspectiva De La Prevención De Atrocidades En Las Respuestas A La Covid-19: Aprovechar La Pandemia Para Lograr Mayor Equidad Social, Nadia Rubaii, Kerry E. Whigham, Susan Appe

Gobernar: The Journal of Latin American Public Policy and Governance

The pandemic is already forcing many individuals, businesses, and governments to rethink much of what they do and how they do it. As such, it presents an opportunity for public administrators to reimagine the criteria they use when designing and implementing programs and policies, and to more actively engage in prevention of identity-based violence. In this contribution, we suggest a new analytical lens to guide public administrators’ decision making, one informed by the theory and practice of mass atrocity prevention. This perspective recognizes that the decisions and actions of public administrators in response to the pandemic will influence whether individual ...


Editorial, Maria Fernanda Ramirez Brouchoud Mar 2021

Editorial, Maria Fernanda Ramirez Brouchoud

Gobernar: The Journal of Latin American Public Policy and Governance

No abstract provided.


Content Mar 2021

Content

Gobernar: The Journal of Latin American Public Policy and Governance

No abstract provided.


Getting Institutions Right: Matching Institutional Capacities To Developmental Tasks, Jacob I. Ricks, Richard F. Doner Mar 2021

Getting Institutions Right: Matching Institutional Capacities To Developmental Tasks, Jacob I. Ricks, Richard F. Doner

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

Since the 1990s, scholars and international organizations such as the World Bank have recognized the centrality of institutions for development. While important, this “institutional turn” has generally minimized the diversity of development challenges and the corresponding need for different institutional capacities. Yet distinguishing among developmental tasks is a critical step in understanding the kinds of institutions necessary to accomplish policy tasks. We identify five dimensions of task difficulty that affect the degree and nature of policy challenges and, as a result, the institutional capacities necessary to accomplish such challenges. We assess the utility of this framework through a qualitative analysis ...


¿Responsabilidad Social Universitaria O Extensión Social? Elementos Para Un Análisis Del Compromiso Social De Las Universidades. Estudio De Un Programa Para El Desarrollo Regional En Tolima, Colombia, Olga Navarro-Flores, Paula Lorena Rodríguez, Luis Hernando Sánchez Feb 2021

¿Responsabilidad Social Universitaria O Extensión Social? Elementos Para Un Análisis Del Compromiso Social De Las Universidades. Estudio De Un Programa Para El Desarrollo Regional En Tolima, Colombia, Olga Navarro-Flores, Paula Lorena Rodríguez, Luis Hernando Sánchez

Gobernar: The Journal of Latin American Public Policy and Governance

In the year 2008, the University of Ibagué launched several initiatives to articulate higher education with local development. The Programa Paz y Región (Peace and Region Program) is one of those initiatives and it is the focus of this article, whose purpose is to analyse this program in the light of two related concepts: university extension programmes and social responsibility (SR). Our analysis is based on a managerial perspective and our hypothesis is that “Paz y Región” responds to regional development in Tolima, Colombia, from a co-constructed perspective of extension programmes.


Conversar Es Mejor: Experimentos Deliberativos Para La Resolución De Conflictos Microterritoriales, Adolfo Eslava, Juan David Montoya, David Murcia, Sergio Andres Valencia Feb 2021

Conversar Es Mejor: Experimentos Deliberativos Para La Resolución De Conflictos Microterritoriales, Adolfo Eslava, Juan David Montoya, David Murcia, Sergio Andres Valencia

Gobernar: The Journal of Latin American Public Policy and Governance

Abstract. The following analysis develops a wider research program that focuses on making a contribution to solve social conflicts through argumentation. Therefore, it presents a political sciences theory background that emphasises on applied rhetoric and deliberation in scenarios characterized by both high levels adversity and social capital. Based on this perspective of policy analysis and theory, it is possible to have a better glimpse at the complex network of social interactions laying under the process of constructions of the public sphere. Hence, this paper studies the possibilities of implementing micro-territorial deliberation instruments as conflict resolution tools for the city of ...


Competencia Espacial Y Calidad Personal De Los Candidatos. Elecciones Presidenciales Entre 2006 Y 2018 En México, Luis Eduardo León, Julen Berasaluce Feb 2021

Competencia Espacial Y Calidad Personal De Los Candidatos. Elecciones Presidenciales Entre 2006 Y 2018 En México, Luis Eduardo León, Julen Berasaluce

Gobernar: The Journal of Latin American Public Policy and Governance

This research project presents a spatial competition model for Mexican presidential elections based on the effective number of parties and weighted and scalar polarization indices. The model makes it possible to construct a classification of candidates influences based on personality as an remainder unexplained by spatial ideological competition. In addition to classifying the candidates in the last three presidential elections by their personal influence, the authors offer predictions for future balloting based on change in ideological distribution. Suppositions of symmetrical ideological votes and a single dimension were used to build the model.


Los Horrores Del Siglo Xx Y Un Mensaje Optimista Al Siglo Xxi*, Isaiah Berlin Feb 2021

Los Horrores Del Siglo Xx Y Un Mensaje Optimista Al Siglo Xxi*, Isaiah Berlin

Gobernar: The Journal of Latin American Public Policy and Governance

No abstract provided.


Editorial, . . Feb 2021

Editorial, . .

Gobernar: The Journal of Latin American Public Policy and Governance

No abstract provided.


Tabla De Contenido, . . Feb 2021

Tabla De Contenido, . .

Gobernar: The Journal of Latin American Public Policy and Governance

No abstract provided.


The Deregulation Deception, Cary Coglianese, Natasha Sarin, Stuart Shapiro Feb 2021

The Deregulation Deception, Cary Coglianese, Natasha Sarin, Stuart Shapiro

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

President Donald Trump and his supporters repeatedly pointed to positive economic trends in the United States prior to the pandemic as proof of the growth delivered by his Administration, especially through deregulation. Yet, the Trump Administration actually accomplished much less by way of deregulation than it claimed—and much less than most commentators and scholars have surmised. In this Article, we perform an original analysis of data on federal regulation from the Trump Administration’s four years and find every claim made about its deregulatory record turned out either to be wrong or significantly exaggerated. The reality is that the ...


Reply Memorandum Of The United States House Of Representatives In The Impeachment Trial Of President Donald J. Trump, U.S. House Of Representatives Managers Feb 2021

Reply Memorandum Of The United States House Of Representatives In The Impeachment Trial Of President Donald J. Trump, U.S. House Of Representatives Managers

U.S. Senate Documents

INTRODUCTION 1

ARGUMENT 5

PRESIDENT TRUMP’S ATTEMPTED DEFENSES FAIL 5

A. President Trump Cannot Reasonably Deny Responsibility For Inciting The Insurrection 5

B. The Senate Has Jurisdiction To Try This Impeachment . 10

C. The First Amendment Provides No Defense to Conviction and Disqualification 19

D. President Trump Has Received From Congress All The Process He Was Due 23

E. The Senate Is Not Limited To The Standards Of Criminal Law . 26

F. The Article Does Not Charge Multiple Instances Of Impeachable Conduct 29


Replication Of The United States House Of Representatives To The Answer Of President Donald J. Trump To The Article Of Impeachment, U.S. House Of Representatives Managers Feb 2021

Replication Of The United States House Of Representatives To The Answer Of President Donald J. Trump To The Article Of Impeachment, U.S. House Of Representatives Managers

U.S. Senate Documents

The House of Representatives, through its Managers and counsel, replies to the Answer of President Donald J. Trump as follows: The House denies each and every allegation in the Answer that denies the acts, knowledge, intent, or wrongful conduct charged against President Trump. The House states that each and every allegation in the Article of Impeachment is true, and that any affirmative defenses and legal defenses set forth in the Answer are wholly without merit. The House further states that the Article of Impeachment properly alleges an impeachable offense under the Constitution, is not subject to a motion to dismiss ...


A Working Paper On Procurement Anti-Corruption In Yemen, Mohammed Ahmad Ali Thabit Dr. Feb 2021

A Working Paper On Procurement Anti-Corruption In Yemen, Mohammed Ahmad Ali Thabit Dr.

Arab Journal of Administration المجلة العربية للإدارة

Yemen today faces a lot of challenges as war, poverty, terrorism and corruption. Corruption in Procurement in Yemen, as in any other country also, is one of the most important causes of the un-efficient delivery of public services and the waste of public funds. Therefore, Procurement Anti- Corruption plays a key role in the development of the national economy in Yemen. Abuse of power in procurement, Bribery and kickbacks , Nepotism and favoritism, Collusion and bid rigging, and Misuse of public fund are some of the various manifestation of the corruption in procurement. This paper describes the procurement practice in Yemen ...


The Relationship Between The Ethical Behavior Of The Leadership And The Spirituality Of The Work Place: An Empirical Study Of The Role Of Psychological Empowerment As A Mediator Variable, Sanaa Moustafa Mahammad Abo Lifa Dr. Feb 2021

The Relationship Between The Ethical Behavior Of The Leadership And The Spirituality Of The Work Place: An Empirical Study Of The Role Of Psychological Empowerment As A Mediator Variable, Sanaa Moustafa Mahammad Abo Lifa Dr.

Arab Journal of Administration المجلة العربية للإدارة

The study aims at examining The Relationship between the ethical behavior of the leadership and the spirituality of the work place. A sample of (381) employees working in Telecom Egypt. Questionnaire used to collect the required data. The study revealed a moderate degree of Ethical Behavior of the Leadership, Psychological Empowerment and Spirituality in Workplace. The Psychological Empowerment mediated the relationship between ethical behavior of the leadership and spirituality of the work place. The study concluded with some relevant recommendations.


The Role Of The Strategic Planning In Crisis Management In The Governmental Institutions In Palestine, Salameh “Mohammad Walid” Salem Salameh Dr. Feb 2021

The Role Of The Strategic Planning In Crisis Management In The Governmental Institutions In Palestine, Salameh “Mohammad Walid” Salem Salameh Dr.

Arab Journal of Administration المجلة العربية للإدارة

This study aimed to identify the role of the strategic planning in crisis management in the governmental institutions in Palestine, according to (gender, position, age, and experience years) variables. A questionnaire of (28) Sampling Units was prepared to achieve the aim of the study. The items were workers in the governmental institutions whose number is (63319) male and female , according to the statistics of Palestinian Statistics Institution, (386) of them, male and female, were chosen as the sample of the study, The study inferred that the extent of the strategic planning in crisis management was fair which means that there ...


Degree Of Organizational Health Availability From The Point Of View Of The Workers In The Municipality Of Albeireh, Mohammad Abed Eshtaiwy Dr., Odetallah B. Masharqa Dr. Feb 2021

Degree Of Organizational Health Availability From The Point Of View Of The Workers In The Municipality Of Albeireh, Mohammad Abed Eshtaiwy Dr., Odetallah B. Masharqa Dr.

Arab Journal of Administration المجلة العربية للإدارة

The study aimed at identifying the degree of regulatory health availability from the point of view of the employees of Al-Bireh Municipality and tried to answer the main question (what is the degree of organizational health from the point of view of employees in Palestinian municipalities?). A sample of 78 employees randomly selected from employees of Al-Bireh Municipality, where the total employees in Al- is 102. The study reached a number of results, the most prominent of which were: The degree of approval of the degree of availability of regulatory health in the Palestinian municipalities was average, reaching 65.8 ...


Moral Dimension In Academic Work With Faculty Members At Universities: A Field Study On King Saud University, Amani Bani Al-Kahtani Feb 2021

Moral Dimension In Academic Work With Faculty Members At Universities: A Field Study On King Saud University, Amani Bani Al-Kahtani

Arab Journal of Administration المجلة العربية للإدارة

The study aims at identifying the reality of the academic unethical dimension of King Saud University’s faculty through revealing the key aspects of unprofessional behavior among the faculty members, from the viewpoints of the faculty members themselves. It also seeks to determine the key factors leading to unprofessional practices, from the faculty members’ point of view, and to identify the different responses of the sample members based on personal and occupational variables. To achieve such objectives, the descriptive survey method has been applied through a survey of two pillars to research the opinions of faculty members in different colleges ...


Critical Success Factors In The Application Of The Quality Of Higher Education Standards: Analytical Study Of The Views Of A Sample Of Administrative Leaders And Faculty Members At The University Of Human Development, Younis M. Kh. Al-Sabaawe Dr., Baser Khalf Khazeal Dr., Yousif Obaid Hannah Ameen Feb 2021

Critical Success Factors In The Application Of The Quality Of Higher Education Standards: Analytical Study Of The Views Of A Sample Of Administrative Leaders And Faculty Members At The University Of Human Development, Younis M. Kh. Al-Sabaawe Dr., Baser Khalf Khazeal Dr., Yousif Obaid Hannah Ameen

Arab Journal of Administration المجلة العربية للإدارة

The research aims to identify the critical success factors in the application of the quality of higher education standards, diagnosis and as enhances the educational institutions the ability of management to ensure the success of the application of the approved standards on the one hand and to achieve its objectives on the other. The research was conducted at institutions of higher education sector in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq adoption of personal interviews and a survey sample of the views of the administrative leaders and faculty in the Human Development University in the city of Sulaymaniyah - Kurdistan Region of Iraq ...


Evaluating The Application Of E-Government Services From The Beneficiaries Perspectives In Saudi Arabia, Salwa A. Alhamoudi Dr., Sura I. Al-Ayed Dr. Feb 2021

Evaluating The Application Of E-Government Services From The Beneficiaries Perspectives In Saudi Arabia, Salwa A. Alhamoudi Dr., Sura I. Al-Ayed Dr.

Arab Journal of Administration المجلة العربية للإدارة

The aim of this study was to evaluate the application of the e-government services in their various dimensions (appearance, interaction, financial exchange, integration) from the point of view of the beneficiaries in the Riyadh region of Saudi Arabia. Accordingly, a field study was conducted to identify the degree of application of e-government services and discuss the most important factors associated with e-government framework. A survey research method based on quantitative technique was used, with a sample size of (386) beneficiaries of e-government services. Several results were reached, the most important of which was that the evaluation of the application of ...


The Impact Of Good Governance On Economic Development Sustainability In The Arab Countries, Moh’D Mahmoud Ajlouni Prof. Feb 2021

The Impact Of Good Governance On Economic Development Sustainability In The Arab Countries, Moh’D Mahmoud Ajlouni Prof.

Arab Journal of Administration المجلة العربية للإدارة

This study aims at investigating the impact of good governance on economic growth and development sustainability. The importance of which is derived from what most Arab countries are witnessing nowadays, i.e. Arab Spring, which aimed at acheiving good governance and preventing corruption. Thus, this study discusses the features, principles and indicators of good governance and its relationship with economic growth, on the short-run, and the ability of sustaining economic development, on the long-run. For the purpose of the study, the six measures of Kaufmann et al. (2010) world-wide governance index are collected for all Arab countries, and used. These ...