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2009

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Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Sources Of Gravity Waves In The Lower Stratosphere Above South Pole, Zhenhua Li, Walter Robinson, Alan Liu Aug 2013

Sources Of Gravity Waves In The Lower Stratosphere Above South Pole, Zhenhua Li, Walter Robinson, Alan Liu

Zhenhua Li

No abstract provided.


Factors Influencing The Persistence Of Fecal Bacteroides In Stream Water, Alyssa Bell, Alice Layton, Larry Mckay, Dan Williams, Randy Gentry, Gary Sayler Jun 2013

Factors Influencing The Persistence Of Fecal Bacteroides In Stream Water, Alyssa Bell, Alice Layton, Larry Mckay, Dan Williams, Randy Gentry, Gary Sayler

Gary S. Sayler

Laboratory microcosm experiments were used to assess the effects of environmental parameters on the persistence of the Bacteroides 16S rRNA genes derived from equine fecal samples in stream water to investigate the utility of Bacteroides spp. as fecal indicator organisms. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) was used to measure gene concentrations over time with treatments designed to compare filtered vs. unfiltered stream water, fecal aggregate size, initial fecal concentrations, and water temperatures. Comparison of Bacteroides16S rRNA genes/mL in microcosms constructed with unfiltered stream water and filtered stream water indicated that stream water filtration to remove indigenous microorganisms followed ...


Improved Synthesis Of Pincer Ligand Precursor, And Synthesis And Structural Characterization Of Terphenyl Scaffolded S–C–S Palladium Pincer Complex., Paul Schroder, Thomas Spilker, Wilson Luu, James Updegraff, Man Lung Kwan, Paul Challen, John Protasiewicz May 2013

Improved Synthesis Of Pincer Ligand Precursor, And Synthesis And Structural Characterization Of Terphenyl Scaffolded S–C–S Palladium Pincer Complex., Paul Schroder, Thomas Spilker, Wilson Luu, James Updegraff, Man Lung Kwan, Paul Challen, John Protasiewicz

Man Lung Desmond Kwan

An easier and more expedient synthesis of 2,6-(BrCH2C6H4)2-4-I-C6H3 (2) is reported. This material allowed easy synthesis of the new pincer ligand precursor 2,6-(4-CH3C6H4SCH2C6H4)2-4-I-C6H3 (3) in 87% yield. Compound 3 reacts with Pd2(dba)3 to give the new palladium pincer complex 4. Compound 4 has been fully characterized, including structural characterization by single crystal X-ray diffraction methods. The results of the crystallographic work on 4 reveal a twisted type pincer complex not unlike related terphenyl pincer complexes.


The European Court Of Human Rights Ruling Against Britain's Policy Of Keeping Fingerprints & Dna Samples Of Criminal Suspects, K. Michael, Clive Harfield Feb 2013

The European Court Of Human Rights Ruling Against Britain's Policy Of Keeping Fingerprints & Dna Samples Of Criminal Suspects, K. Michael, Clive Harfield

Clive Harfield

In England and Wales, the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (the PACE) contained powers for the taking of fingerprints, and samples in the form of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA). In 2001, Section 64(1A) of the PACE was substituted with Section 82 of the Criminal Justice and Police Act. The change to legislation meant that a suspect of a crime would have their fingerprints and samples permanently stored on the police national computer (PNC) even after having been acquitted. This paper critically analyses the circumstances of the landmark case of S. AND MARPER V. THE UNITED KINGDOM in two different ...


Parts Of The Whole: Observing The State Of The System, Dorothy Wallace Dec 2009

Parts Of The Whole: Observing The State Of The System, Dorothy Wallace

Numeracy

This column draws on the approach of statistician J. Edwards Deming to analyze sources and consequences of variation in an education system. Educational systems are not immune from the effects of poor statistical control, which makes it difficult for teachers to teach effectively and for managers such as principals to improve on school performance. It is also argued that the need for statistical control in these areas is in tension, if not outright conflict, with our goals for educating students.


Two Popular Books For Quantitative Literacy: What The Numbers Say, And The Numbers Game, Robert G. Root Dec 2009

Two Popular Books For Quantitative Literacy: What The Numbers Say, And The Numbers Game, Robert G. Root

Numeracy

Niederman, Derrick, and Boyum, David. What the Numbers Say: A Field Guide to Mastering Our Numerical World. (New York: Broadway Books/Random House, 2003). 288 pp. Hardcover, ISBN 978-0-7679-0998-3. Paperback, 978-0-7679-0999-0. Available as an eBook.

Blastland, Michael, and Dilnot, Andrew. The Numbers Game: The Commonsense Guide to Understanding Numbers in the News, in Politics and in Life. (New York: Gotham Books/Penguin, 2009). 192 pp. Hardcover, ISBN 978-1-5924-0423-0. Paperback, ISBN 978-1-5924-0485-8. Available as an eBook.

Popular books on quantitative literacy need to be easy to read, reasonably comprehensive in scope, and include examples that are thought-provoking and memorable. In contrast ...


Numeracy: Open-Access Publishing To Reduce The Cost Of Scholarly Journals, Todd A. Chavez Dec 2009

Numeracy: Open-Access Publishing To Reduce The Cost Of Scholarly Journals, Todd A. Chavez

Numeracy

Each fiscal year, as academic librarians throughout the United States prepare materials budgets, a national “groan” ensues. Regardless of their format (i.e. print or digital), serial subscription costs are escalating, in the process impacting the role of the library in advancing scholarly communication . This paper examines some of the economic issues concerning open-access (OA) journal publishing. The importance of quantitative literacy is suggested for librarians and academics seeking a better understanding of alternatives to traditional journal subscription models and to anyone considering ventures into OA publishing. Quantitative literacy is essential for managing alternatives to the rising cost of scholarly ...


College Algebra In Context: A Project Incorporating Social Issues, Michael T. Catalano Dec 2009

College Algebra In Context: A Project Incorporating Social Issues, Michael T. Catalano

Numeracy

This paper discusses the development of an innovative college algebra text designed for use in a data-driven, activity-oriented college algebra course, incorporating realistic problem situations emphasizing social and economic issues, including hunger and poverty, energy, and the environment. The course incorporates quantitative literacy themes, is informed by existing college algebra texts within the college algebra reform movement, and implements a collaborative pedagogical approach intended to provide future K-12 teachers an alternative model for the teaching of mathematics. The paper contains a short history of the project development phase, supported by an NSF grant (DUE #0442979), as well as the perceived ...


An Activity Promoting The Practice Of Quantitative Literacy For Pre– And In–Service Teachers Of Mathematics And Science, Timothy L. Sorey, Teri Willard, Duane Sholz Dec 2009

An Activity Promoting The Practice Of Quantitative Literacy For Pre– And In–Service Teachers Of Mathematics And Science, Timothy L. Sorey, Teri Willard, Duane Sholz

Numeracy

The purpose of this article is to describe a hands-on, laboratory activity that provided pre-service teachers in mathematics and science methods courses, and also some in-service mathematics teachers, with the opportunity to exercise quantitative literacy (QL) skills. The focus of the activity is electrical resistance, more particularly the resistance (in ohms) that is painted on small resistors by the use of color-coded bands, one of which is a band for % error. The activity consists of four parts. In the first, student teams familiarize themselves with the code, measure the ohmage of resistors for which the codes are visible, and compare ...


Are Statistics Labs Worth The Effort?--Comparison Of Introductory Statistics Courses Using Different Teaching Methods, Jose H. Guardiola, Nadina Duran-Hutchings, Hassan Elsalloukh Dec 2009

Are Statistics Labs Worth The Effort?--Comparison Of Introductory Statistics Courses Using Different Teaching Methods, Jose H. Guardiola, Nadina Duran-Hutchings, Hassan Elsalloukh

Numeracy

This paper compares the academic performance of students in three similar elementary statistics courses taught by the same instructor, but with the lab component differing among the three. One course is traditionally taught without a lab component; the second with a lab component using scenarios and an extensive use of technology, but without explicit coordination between lab and lecture; and the third using a lab component with an extensive use of technology that carefully coordinates the lab with the lecture. Extensive use of technology means, in this context, using Minitab software in the lab section, doing homework and quizzes using ...


Envisioning A Quantitative Studies Center: A Liberal Arts Perspective, Gizem Karaali, Philip I. Choi, Sara Owsley Sood, Eric B. Grosfils Dec 2009

Envisioning A Quantitative Studies Center: A Liberal Arts Perspective, Gizem Karaali, Philip I. Choi, Sara Owsley Sood, Eric B. Grosfils

Numeracy

Several academic institutions are searching for ways to help students develop their quantitative reasoning abilities and become more adept at higher-level tasks that involve quantitative skills. In this note we study the particular way Pomona College has framed this issue within its own context and what it plans to do about it. To this end we describe our efforts as members of a campus-wide committee that was assigned the duty of investigating the feasibility of founding a quantitative studies center on our campus. These efforts involved analysis of data collected through a faculty questionnaire, discipline-specific input obtained from each departmental ...


A Rubric For Assessing Quantitative Reasoning In Written Arguments, Nathan D. Grawe, Neil S. Lutsky, Christopher J. Tassava Dec 2009

A Rubric For Assessing Quantitative Reasoning In Written Arguments, Nathan D. Grawe, Neil S. Lutsky, Christopher J. Tassava

Numeracy

This paper introduces a rubric for assessing QR in student papers and analyzes the inter-rater reliability of the instrument based on a reading session involving 11 participants. Despite the disciplinary diversity of the group (which included a faculty member from the arts and literature, two staff members, and representatives from five natural and social science departments), the rubric produced reliable measures of QR use and proficiency in a sample of student papers. Readers agreed on the relevance and extent of QR in 75.0 and 81.9 percent of cases respectively (corresponding to Cohen’s κ= 0.611 and 0 ...


Confessions Of A Weak Tie, Joel Best Dec 2009

Confessions Of A Weak Tie, Joel Best

Numeracy

No abstract provided.


Five Thousand Downloads, H L Vacher Dec 2009

Five Thousand Downloads, H L Vacher

Numeracy

No abstract provided.


Anti-Cloaking: The Mathematics Of Disguise, Theresa C. Anderson, Brooke E. Phillips Dec 2009

Anti-Cloaking: The Mathematics Of Disguise, Theresa C. Anderson, Brooke E. Phillips

Mathematical Sciences Technical Reports (MSTR)

Recent developments in cloaking, the ability to selectively bend electromagnetic waves so as to render an object invisible, have been abundant. Based on cloaking principles, we will describe several ways to mathematically disguise objects in the context of electrical impedance imaging. Through the use of a change-of-variables scheme we show how one can make an object appear enlarged, translated, or rotated by surrounding it with a suitable "metamaterial," a man-made material that selectively redirects current. Analysis of eigenvectors and eigenvalues, which describe how current flows, follow. We prove that in order to disguise an object, a metamaterial must encompass both ...


Electrical Impedance Imaging Of Corrosion On A Partially Accessible 2-Dimensional Region, Court Hoang, Katherine Osenbach Dec 2009

Electrical Impedance Imaging Of Corrosion On A Partially Accessible 2-Dimensional Region, Court Hoang, Katherine Osenbach

Mathematical Sciences Technical Reports (MSTR)

In this paper we examine the inverse problem of determining the amount of corrosion on an inaccessible surface of a two-dimensional region. Using numerical methods, we develop an algorithm for approximating corrosion profile using measurements of electrical potential along the accessible portion of the region. We also evaluate the effect of error on the problem, address the issue of ill-posedness, and develop a method of regularization to correct for this error. An examination of solution uniqueness is also presented.


Back Matter Dec 2009

Back Matter

Journal of Digital Forensics, Security and Law

No abstract provided.


Joint Fire Science Program – Lake Mead National Recreation Area Revegetating Burned Arid Lands: Identifying Successful Native Species Using Trait And Competition Analysis: Quarterly Progress Report, Time Period: October 1 — December 31, 2009, Margaret N. Rees Dec 2009

Joint Fire Science Program – Lake Mead National Recreation Area Revegetating Burned Arid Lands: Identifying Successful Native Species Using Trait And Competition Analysis: Quarterly Progress Report, Time Period: October 1 — December 31, 2009, Margaret N. Rees

Fire Science

• Article accepted for publication in Journal of Arid Environments.

• Recharged irrigation gel packs for outplanting and watered seed plots at Goodsprings site.

• Completed full year of seed granivory trials at Goodsprings site.

• Presented information on this Task Agreement to 4th International Fire Ecology and Management Congress.

• Maintained nursery plots and added installment of nitrogen treatment.


Lake Mead National Recreation Area Sensitive Wildlife Species Monitoring And Analysis: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2009, Margaret N. Rees Dec 2009

Lake Mead National Recreation Area Sensitive Wildlife Species Monitoring And Analysis: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2009, Margaret N. Rees

Wildlife Monitoring

Project 1. Relict Leopard Frog Monitoring, Management, and Research

  • All milestones and deliverables are on schedule
  • Fall surveys at all sites have been completed
  • Mark-recapture surveys scheduled for fall were completed
  • Short-term habitat improvements at two sites were conducted
  • RLFCT meeting was hosted
  • Draft annual report was written and presented at the RLFCT meeting

Project 2. Bald Eagle Winter Monitoring and Evaluation

  • All milestones and deliverables are on schedule
  • An annual project review presentation was given to Clark County
  • A draft final report was written and submitted to Clark County
  • All data for this project was transferred to the County ...


Nevada Interagency Volunteer Program: Helping Hands Across Public Lands – Phase Ii: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Covering October 1, 2009 To December 31, 2009, Margaret N. Rees Dec 2009

Nevada Interagency Volunteer Program: Helping Hands Across Public Lands – Phase Ii: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Covering October 1, 2009 To December 31, 2009, Margaret N. Rees

Get Outdoors Nevada

  • The number of records in the volunteer database decreased by 14% over last quarter. The database now contains 5,996 records.
  • Website activity increased, recording an average of 121,918 hits per month, an increase of 8% from last quarter, with an average of 9,686 pages viewed per month.
  • Volunteer fall training has been completed.
  • One hundred and twenty-seven people attended the Volunteer Recognition Event.


Front Matter Dec 2009

Front Matter

Journal of Digital Forensics, Security and Law

No abstract provided.


Masthead Dec 2009

Masthead

Journal of Digital Forensics, Security and Law

No abstract provided.


Detection Of Psilocybin Mushroom Analogs In Chocolate: Incorporating Current Events Into The Undergraduate Teaching Laboratory, Brandon Huskins, Christopher Dockery Dec 2009

Detection Of Psilocybin Mushroom Analogs In Chocolate: Incorporating Current Events Into The Undergraduate Teaching Laboratory, Brandon Huskins, Christopher Dockery

Faculty Publications

In this experiment, tryptamine is used as a psilocin analog and is dispersed onto a Fisher brand cellulose laboratory sponge to simulate dehydrated mushrooms. The resulting “mushroom” material is ground, molded into chocolate, and presented to student groups for real-world and applied analyses. Students isolate the tryptamine from the chocolate using their knowledge of drug chemistry, solubility, pH, extractions, etc. Qualitative analysis is conducted by comparison to standards (Thin Layer Chromatography or Gas Chromatography) and quantitative analysis is conducted by Gas Chromatography using the method of internal standards.


A Simple And Mild Synthesis Of 1h-Isochromenes And (Z)-1-Alkylidene-1,3-Dihydroisobenzofurans By The Iodocyclization Of 2-(1-Alkynyl)Benzylic Alcohols, Raffaella Mancuso, Saurabh Mehta, Bartolo Gabriele, Giuseppe Salerno, William S. Jenks, Richard C. Larock Dec 2009

A Simple And Mild Synthesis Of 1h-Isochromenes And (Z)-1-Alkylidene-1,3-Dihydroisobenzofurans By The Iodocyclization Of 2-(1-Alkynyl)Benzylic Alcohols, Raffaella Mancuso, Saurabh Mehta, Bartolo Gabriele, Giuseppe Salerno, William S. Jenks, Richard C. Larock

Chemistry Publications

A variety of iodo-substituted isochromenes, dihydroisobenzofurans, and pyranopyridines are readily prepared in good to excellent yields under mild conditions by the iodocyclization of readily available 2-(1-alkynyl)benzylic alcohols or 2-(1-alkynyl)-3-(hydroxymethyl)pyridines. Reactions are carried out in MeCN at 25 °C with 3 equiv of I2 as the iodine source and NaHCO3 (3 equiv) as the base. The regiochemical outcome of the reaction strongly depends on the substitution pattern of the starting material. In particular, the 5-exo-dig cyclization mode, leading to dihydroisobenzofurans, is observed in the case of substrates bearing a tertiary alcoholic group, owing ...


Partial Wave Analysis Of The Reaction Γp And The Search For Nucleon Resonances, M. Williams, Gerard P. Gilfoyle, Et. Al. Dec 2009

Partial Wave Analysis Of The Reaction Γp→Pω And The Search For Nucleon Resonances, M. Williams, Gerard P. Gilfoyle, Et. Al.

Physics Faculty Publications

An event-based partial wave analysis (PWA) of the reaction γp has been performed on a high-statistics dataset obtained using the CLAS at Jefferson Lab for center-of-mass energies from threshold up to 2.4 GeV. This analysis benefits from access to the world’s first high-precision spin-density matrix element measurements, available to the event-based PWA through the decay distribution of ωπ +π π0. The data confirm the dominance of the t-channel π0 exchange amplitude in the forward direction. The dominant resonance contributions are consistent with the previously identified states F15(1680) and D13(1700 ...


Differential Cross Sections And Spin Density Matrix Elements For The Reaction Γp, M. Williams, Gerard P. Gilfoyle, Et. Al. Dec 2009

Differential Cross Sections And Spin Density Matrix Elements For The Reaction Γp→Pω, M. Williams, Gerard P. Gilfoyle, Et. Al.

Physics Faculty Publications

High-statistics differential cross sections and spin-density matrix elements for the reaction γp have been measured using the CEBAF large acceptance spectrometer (CLAS) at Jefferson Lab for center-of-mass (c.m.) energies from threshold up to 2.84 GeV. Results are reported in 112 10-MeV wide c.m. energy bins, each subdivided into cos θωc.m. bins of width 0.1. These are the most precise and extensive ω photoproduction measurements to date. A number of prominent structures are clearly present in the data. Many of these have not previously been observed due to limited statistics in earlier measurements.


Highly Nitrated Cyclopropanes As New High Energy Materials: Dft Calculations On The Properties Of C3H6−N(No2)N (N=3–6), Aloysus K. Lawong, David W. Ball Dec 2009

Highly Nitrated Cyclopropanes As New High Energy Materials: Dft Calculations On The Properties Of C3H6−N(No2)N (N=3–6), Aloysus K. Lawong, David W. Ball

Chemistry Faculty Publications

As part of a continuing study of new potential high energy materials, here we present results of calculations on cyclopropane molecules with three or more nitro groups. DFT calculations suggest that all molecules can exist as minimum-energy stationary states. Energy calculations indicate that some nitrocyclopropanes have a specific enthalpy of decomposition in excess of 8kJg−1, suggesting that they be explored as new potential high energy materials.


Equalization Of Loudspeakers And Enclosed Sound Fields, Xi Chen Dec 2009

Equalization Of Loudspeakers And Enclosed Sound Fields, Xi Chen

Theses and Dissertations

Equalization of loudspeakers and enclosed sound fields has been a topic of considerable interest for decades. Confusion has often arisen among audio professionals regarding the feasibility of simultaneously equalizing a loudspeaker and the enclosed field (i.e., the “room”) it excites. Because of frustrations encountered in such efforts, some have advocated abandoning simultaneous equalization altogether. This dissertation discusses the drawbacks of this approach as well as traditional in situ equalization methods. It demonstrates that many problems with traditional equalization stem from the use of measured acoustic pressure at a discrete point in a sound field as the system output. The ...


A High-Yield Synthesis Of Chalcopyrite Cuins2 Nanoparticles With Exceptional Size Control, Aaron Thurber, Alex Punnoose Dec 2009

A High-Yield Synthesis Of Chalcopyrite Cuins2 Nanoparticles With Exceptional Size Control, Aaron Thurber, Alex Punnoose

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

We report high-yield and efficient size-controlled syntheses of Chalcopyrite CuInS2 nanoparticles by decomposing molecular single source precursors (SSPs) via microwave irradiation in the presence of 1,2-ethanedithiol at reaction temperatures as low as 100◦C and times as short as 30 minutes. The nanoparticles sizes were 1.8nm to 10.8 nm as reaction temperatures were varied from 100◦C to 200◦C with the bandgaps from 2.71 eV to 1.28 eV with good size control and high yields (64%–95%). The resulting nanoparticles were analyzed by XRD, UV-Vis, ICP-OES, XPS, SEM, EDS, and HRTEM. Titration studies ...


Indirect Gravimetric Determination Of Waters Of Hydration, Marina C. Koether Dec 2009

Indirect Gravimetric Determination Of Waters Of Hydration, Marina C. Koether

Faculty Publications

An alternate gravimetric experiment is described that can be employed in the general chemistry or the quantitative analysis laboratory course. The procedure takes less time than conventional methods and introduces students to waters of hydration and indirect determinations.