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Articles 1 - 30 of 89

Full-Text Articles in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

Surface Engineering Solutions For Immersion Phase Change Cooling Of Electronics, Brendon M. Doran May 2019

Surface Engineering Solutions For Immersion Phase Change Cooling Of Electronics, Brendon M. Doran

Master's Theses

Micro- and nano-scale surface modifications have been a subject of great interest for enhancing the pool boiling heat transfer performance of immersion cooling systems due to their ability to augment surface area, improve wickability, and increase nucleation site density. However, many of the surface modification technologies that have been previously demonstrated show a lack of evidence concerning scalability for use at an industrial level. In this work, the pool boiling heat transfer performance of nanoporous anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) films, copper oxide (CuO) nanostructure coatings, and 1D roll-molded microfin arrays has been studied. Each of these technologies possess scalability in ...


Straintronic Nanomagnetic Devices For Non-Boolean Computing, Md Ahsanul Abeed Jan 2019

Straintronic Nanomagnetic Devices For Non-Boolean Computing, Md Ahsanul Abeed

Theses and Dissertations

Nanomagnetic devices have been projected as an alternative to transistor-based switching devices due to their non-volatility and potentially superior energy-efficiency. The energy efficiency is enhanced by the use of straintronics which involves the application of a voltage to a piezoelectric layer to generate a strain which is ultimately transferred to an elastically coupled magnetostrictive nanomaget, causing magnetization rotation. The low energy dissipation and non-volatility characteristics make straintronic nanomagnets very attractive for both Boolean and non-Boolean computing applications. There was relatively little research on straintronic switching in devices built with real nanomagnets that invariably have defects and imperfections, or their adaptation ...


Spice Based Compact Model For Electrical Switching Of Antiferromagnet, Xe Jin Chan, Jan Kaiser, Pramey Upadhyaya Aug 2018

Spice Based Compact Model For Electrical Switching Of Antiferromagnet, Xe Jin Chan, Jan Kaiser, Pramey Upadhyaya

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

A simulation framework that can model the behavior of antiferromagnets (AFMs) is essential to building novel high-speed devices. The electrical switching of AFMs allows for high performance memory applications. With new phenomena in spintronics being discovered, there is a need for flexible and expandable models. With that in mind, we developed a model for AFMs which can be used to simulate AFM switching behavior in SPICE. This approach can be modified for adding modules, keeping pace with new developments. The proposed AFM switching model is based on the Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert equation (LLG). LLG along with an exchange coupling module is implemented ...


Dynamical Thermal Conductivity Of Suspended Graphene Ribbons In The Hydrodynamic Regime, Zlatan Aksamija, Arnab K. Majee Jul 2018

Dynamical Thermal Conductivity Of Suspended Graphene Ribbons In The Hydrodynamic Regime, Zlatan Aksamija, Arnab K. Majee

Zlatan Aksamija

The steady-state behavior of thermal transport in bulk and nanostructured semiconductors has been widely
studied, both theoretically and experimentally. On the other hand, fast transients and frequency dynamics of
thermal conduction has been given less attention. The frequency response of thermal conductivity has become
more crucial in recent years, especially in light of the constant rise in the clock frequencies in microprocessors
and terahertz sensing applications. Thermal conductivity in response to a time-varying temperature field starts
decaying when the frequency exceeds a cutoff frequency Omega_c, which is related to the inverse of phonon relaxation time τ, on the order of ...


Power Dissipation Of Wse2 Field-Effect Transistors Probed By Low- Frequency Raman Thermometry, Zlatan Aksamija, Cameron J. Foss, Arnab K. Majee, Amin Salehi-Khojin Jun 2018

Power Dissipation Of Wse2 Field-Effect Transistors Probed By Low- Frequency Raman Thermometry, Zlatan Aksamija, Cameron J. Foss, Arnab K. Majee, Amin Salehi-Khojin

Zlatan Aksamija

The ongoing shrinkage in the size of two-dimensional (2D) electronic circuitry results in high power densities during device operation, which could cause a significant temperature rise within 2D channels. One challenge in
Raman thermometry of 2D materials is that the commonly used high-frequency modes do not precisely represent the temperature rise in some 2D materials because of peak broadening and intensity weakening at elevated temperatures. In this work, we show that a low-frequency E2g 2 shear mode can be used to accurately extract temperature and measure thermal boundary conductance (TBC) in backgated tungsten diselenide (WSe2) field-effect transistors, whereas the high-frequency ...


Voltage-Controlled Deposition Of Nanoparticles For Next Generation Electronic Materials, Subhodip Maulik May 2018

Voltage-Controlled Deposition Of Nanoparticles For Next Generation Electronic Materials, Subhodip Maulik

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

This work presents both a feasibility study and an investigation into the voltage-controlled spray deposition of different nanoparticles, namely, carbon nanotubes (CNTs), as well as molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) and tungsten disulfide (WS2) from the transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs) family of materials. The study considers five different types of substrates as per their potential application to next-generation device electronics. The substrates selected for this research were: 1) aluminum as a conducting substrate, 2) silicon as a semiconducting substrate, 3) glass, silicon dioxide (SiO2), and syndiotactic poly methyl methacrylate (syndiotactic PMMA) as insulating substrates.

Since the 1990’s, carbon ...


Novel Nanocomposite Clay Brick For Strain Sensing In Structural Masonry, F. Ubertini, A. D'Alessandro, A. L. Materazzi, Simon Laflamme, Austin Downey Feb 2018

Novel Nanocomposite Clay Brick For Strain Sensing In Structural Masonry, F. Ubertini, A. D'Alessandro, A. L. Materazzi, Simon Laflamme, Austin Downey

Simon Laflamme

The monitoring of civil structures is critical in ensuring users' safety. Structural health monitoring (SHM) is the automation of this monitoring task. It is typically used to identify incipient damages through a spatio-temporal comparison in structural behaviors. Traditional sensors exhibit mechanical characteristics that are usually very different from those of the structures they monitor, which is a factor limiting their durability. Ideally, the material of a sensor would share the same mechanical characteristics as the material onto or into which it is installed. A solution is to fabricate multifunctional materials, capable of serving both structural and sensing functions, also known ...


Two-Dimensional Nanopore And Nanoporous Devices For Molecular Sensing And Ion Selectivity, Gopinath Danda Jan 2018

Two-Dimensional Nanopore And Nanoporous Devices For Molecular Sensing And Ion Selectivity, Gopinath Danda

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Nanopore-based devices provide the ability to detect, analyze and manipulate molecules by monitoring changes in ionic current and sieving molecules dissolved in an electrolyte. While devices with single nanopores can be used as molecular sensors and analyzers, including as a possible high-throughput DNA sequencer, devices with multiple nanopores (nanoporous devices) can be used to filter out ions from solutions, with possible use in water desalination. Sensitivity and molecular flux can be enhanced by using two-dimensional (2D) materials, like graphene and transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs), as the nanopore membrane. However, these devices face challenges yet to be solved, including (a) fast ...


Femtosecond Laser Micromachining Of Low-Temperature Co-Fired Ceramic And Glass Fiber Reinforced Polymer Printed Circuit Boards Materials, Raif Farkouh Dec 2017

Femtosecond Laser Micromachining Of Low-Temperature Co-Fired Ceramic And Glass Fiber Reinforced Polymer Printed Circuit Boards Materials, Raif Farkouh

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research from Electrical & Computer Engineering

Low-temperature co-fired ceramic (LTCC), and glass fiber reinforced polymer (GFRP) printed circuit boards (PCBs) are two materials used for the packaging of electronics. The excellent mechanical and electrical properties of LTCC, combined with the ability to embed passive components offer superior radio frequency (RF) performance and device miniaturization for high-frequency applications. Due to its unique properties, LTCC provides superior performance in applications as diverse as military radar, imaging systems, advanced automotive sensing, telecommunications, and satellites. The use of LTCC in these applications has created a demand for the micromachining of holes, channels, and cavities with specific geometries and structures. Likewise ...


Synthesis, Transport, And Thermoelectric Studies Of Topological Dirac Semimetal Cd3as2 For Room Temperature Waste Heat Recovery And Energy Conversion, Tahereh A. Hosseini Dec 2017

Synthesis, Transport, And Thermoelectric Studies Of Topological Dirac Semimetal Cd3as2 For Room Temperature Waste Heat Recovery And Energy Conversion, Tahereh A. Hosseini

Theses and Dissertations

ABSTRACT

SYNTHESIS, TRANSPORT, AND THERMOELECTRIC STUDIES OF TOPOLOGICAL DIRAC SEMIMETAL CD3AS2 FOR ROOM TEMPERATURE WASTE HEAT RECOVERY AND ENERGY CONVERSION

by

The University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, 2017

Under the Supervision of Professor Nikolai Kouklin

Rising rates of the energy consumption and growing concerns over the climate change worldwide have made energy efficiency an urgent problem to address. Nowadays, almost two-thirds of the energy produced by burning fossil fuels to generate electrical power is lost in the form of the heat. On this front, increasing electrical power generation through a waste heat recovery remains one of the highly promising venues of the ...


Investigating Scalable Manufacturing Of High-Conductivity Wires And Coatings From Ultra-Long Carbon Nanotubes, Pouria Khanbolouki Nov 2017

Investigating Scalable Manufacturing Of High-Conductivity Wires And Coatings From Ultra-Long Carbon Nanotubes, Pouria Khanbolouki

Mechanical Engineering ETDs

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are a promising candidate for next generation of electrical wirings and electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding materials due to their exceptional mechanical and electrical properties. Wires and coatings from ultralong nanotubes that are highly crystalline, well-aligned and densely packed can achieve this goal. High-performance CNT conductors will be relatively lightweight and resistant to harsh conditions and therefore can potentially replace current conductors in many industries including aerospace, automotive, gas and oil.

This thesis investigates a new manufacturing approach, based on conventional solution coating and wire drawing methods, to fabricate high conductivity wires and coatings from ultra-long carbon nanotubes ...


Design And Validation Of A Low Cost High Speed Atomic Force Microscope, Michael Ganzer, Tien Pham Sep 2017

Design And Validation Of A Low Cost High Speed Atomic Force Microscope, Michael Ganzer, Tien Pham

Journal of Undergraduate Research at Minnesota State University, Mankato

The Atomic Force Microscope (AFM) is an important instrument in nanoscale topography, but it is expensive and slow. The authors designed an AFM to overcome both limitations. To do this, they used an Optical Pickup Unit (OPU) from a DVD player as the laser and photodetector system to minimize cost and they did not implement a vertical control loop, which maximized potential speed. Students will be able to be use this device to make nanoscale measurements and engage in micro-engineering. To prototype this idea, the authors tested an OPU with a silicon wafer and demonstrated the ability to consistently distinguish ...


Novel Nanocomposite Clay Brick For Strain Sensing In Structural Masonry, F. Ubertini, A. D'Alessandro, A. L. Materazzi, Simon Laflamme, Austin Downey Jul 2017

Novel Nanocomposite Clay Brick For Strain Sensing In Structural Masonry, F. Ubertini, A. D'Alessandro, A. L. Materazzi, Simon Laflamme, Austin Downey

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Conference Presentations and Proceedings

The monitoring of civil structures is critical in ensuring users' safety. Structural health monitoring (SHM) is the automation of this monitoring task. It is typically used to identify incipient damages through a spatio-temporal comparison in structural behaviors. Traditional sensors exhibit mechanical characteristics that are usually very different from those of the structures they monitor, which is a factor limiting their durability. Ideally, the material of a sensor would share the same mechanical characteristics as the material onto or into which it is installed. A solution is to fabricate multifunctional materials, capable of serving both structural and sensing functions, also known ...


Interfacial Thermal Transport In Monolayer Mos2- And Graphene-Based Devices, Zlatan Aksamija, Amin Salehi-Khojin, Cameron J. Foss, Arnab K. Majee, Fatemeh Khalili-Araghi Jul 2017

Interfacial Thermal Transport In Monolayer Mos2- And Graphene-Based Devices, Zlatan Aksamija, Amin Salehi-Khojin, Cameron J. Foss, Arnab K. Majee, Fatemeh Khalili-Araghi

Zlatan Aksamija

In many device architectures based on 2D materials, a major part of the heat generated in hot-spots dissipates in the through-plane direction where the interfacial thermal resistances can significantly restrain the heat removal
capability of the device. Despite its importance, there is an enormous (1–2 orders of magnitude) disagreement in the literature on the interfacial thermal transport characteristics of MoS2 and other transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) (0.1–14 MW m−2 K−1). In this report, the thermal boundary conductance (TBC) across MoS2 and graphene monolayers with SiO2/Si and sapphire substrates is systematically investigated using a
custom-made ...


Enhanced Lumped Circuit Model For Smart Nanocomposite Cement-Based Sensors Under Dynamic Compressive Loading Conditions, Enrique García-Macías, Austin Downey, Antonella D’Alessandro, Rafael Castro-Triguero, Simon Laflamme, Filippo Ubertini Jun 2017

Enhanced Lumped Circuit Model For Smart Nanocomposite Cement-Based Sensors Under Dynamic Compressive Loading Conditions, Enrique García-Macías, Austin Downey, Antonella D’Alessandro, Rafael Castro-Triguero, Simon Laflamme, Filippo Ubertini

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Publications

Smart composite nanostructured materials represent one of the fastest-growing areas of interest among scientists in recent years and, in particular, carbon nanotube (CNT) cement-based composites are attracting more and more attention. These composites exhibit self-sensing capabilities providing measurable variations of their electrical properties under the application of mechanical deformations. Together with this exceptional property, the similarity and compatibility between these composites and structural concrete suggest the possibility of developing distributed embedded strain-sensing systems with substantial improvements in the cost-effectiveness in applications to large-scale concrete structures. In order to design and optimize CNT reinforced cement based dynamic sensors, it is fundamental ...


Flexible, Photopatterned, Colloidal Cdse Semiconductor Nanocrystal Integrated Circuits, Franklin Scott Stinner Jan 2017

Flexible, Photopatterned, Colloidal Cdse Semiconductor Nanocrystal Integrated Circuits, Franklin Scott Stinner

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

As semiconductor manufacturing pushes towards smaller and faster transistors, a parallel goal exists to create transistors which are not nearly as small. These transistors are not intended to match the performance of traditional crystalline semiconductors; they are designed to be significantly lower in cost and manufactured using methods that can make them physically flexible for applications where form is more important than speed. One of the developing technologies for this application is semiconductor nanocrystals.

We first explore methods to develop CdSe nanocrystal semiconducting “inks” into large-scale, high-speed integrated circuits. We demonstrate photopatterned transistors with mobilities of 10 cm2/Vs on ...


Mems Tunable Infrared Metamaterial And Mechanical Sensors, Qiugu Wang Jan 2017

Mems Tunable Infrared Metamaterial And Mechanical Sensors, Qiugu Wang

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Sub-wavelength resonant structures open the path for fine controlling the near-field at the nanoscale dimension. They constitute into macroscopic “metamaterials” with macroscale properties such as transmission, reflection, and absorption being tailored to exhibit a particular electromagnetic response. The properties of the resonators are often fixed at the time of fabrication wherein the tunability is demanding to overcome fabrication tolerances and afford fast signal processing. Hybridizing dynamic components such as optically active medium into the device makes tunable devices. Microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) compatible integrated circuit fabrication process is a promising platform that can be merged with photonics or novel 2D materials ...


Periodically Patterned Structures For Nanoplasmonic And Biomedical Applications, Akshit Peer Jan 2017

Periodically Patterned Structures For Nanoplasmonic And Biomedical Applications, Akshit Peer

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Periodically patterned nanostructures have imparted profound impact on diverse scientific disciplines. In physics, chemistry, and materials science, artificially engineered photonic crystals have demonstrated an unprecedented ability to control the propagation of photons through light concentration and diffraction. The field of photonic crystals has led to many technical advances in fabricating periodically patterned nanostructures in dielectric/metallic materials and controlling the light-matter interactions at the nanoscale. In the field of biomaterials, it is of great interest to apply our knowledge base of photonic materials and explore how such periodically patterned structures control diverse biological functions by varying the available surface area ...


Advances In Chemical Vapor Deposition Growth Of Molybdenum Disulfide For Photodetectors And Flexible Electronics, Carlos Francisco De Anda Orea Jan 2017

Advances In Chemical Vapor Deposition Growth Of Molybdenum Disulfide For Photodetectors And Flexible Electronics, Carlos Francisco De Anda Orea

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

The conversion of light into electrical signals is at the basis of technologies that affect our daily lives. Applications, including video imaging, optical communications, biomedical imaging, security, night-vision, gas sensing and motion detection have reached a high level of maturity due to the development of high-performance materials, large-scale production, and integration technologies. Currently conventional photodetectors made of Silicon (Si) or III-V compounds are about to reach their maximum efficiency, and every time it is harder to get a noticeable improvement in performance of sensors based on these materials, not to mention the complicated fabrication methods to achieve just a few ...


Measurement And Analysis Of Iii-V & Ii-Vi Infrared Detectors: Radiometric, Noise Spectrum, And Radiation Tolerance Performance, Vincent M. Cowan Nov 2016

Measurement And Analysis Of Iii-V & Ii-Vi Infrared Detectors: Radiometric, Noise Spectrum, And Radiation Tolerance Performance, Vincent M. Cowan

Nanoscience and Microsystems ETDs

Infrared (IR) hybrid detector arrays and discrete detectors operated in the space environment may be subjected to a variety of sources of natural radiation while in orbit. This means IR detectors intended for applications such as space-based intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) or space-situational awareness (SSA) must not only have high performance (high quantum efficiency, h and low dark-current density, JD, and preferably minimal 1/f noise content), but also their radiation tolerance or ability to withstand the effects of the radiation they would expect to encounter in space must be characterized and well understood. As the effects of ...


Hybrid Straintronics-Spintronics: Energy-Efficient Non-Volatile Devices For Boolean And Non-Boolean Computation, Ayan K. Biswas Jan 2016

Hybrid Straintronics-Spintronics: Energy-Efficient Non-Volatile Devices For Boolean And Non-Boolean Computation, Ayan K. Biswas

Theses and Dissertations

Research in future generation computing is focused on reducing energy dissipation while maintaining the switching speed in a binary operation to continue the current trend of increasing transistor-density according to Moore’s law. Unlike charge-based CMOS technology, spin-based nanomagnetic technology, based on switching bistable magnetization of single domain shape-anisotropic nanomagnets, has the potential to achieve ultralow energy dissipation due to the fact that no charge motion is directly involved in switching. However, switching of magnetization has not been any less dissipative than switching transistors because most magnet switching schemes involve generating a current to produce a magnetic field, or spin ...


Electrokinetic Phenomena In Pencil Lead-Based Microfluidics, Yashar Bashirzadeh, Venkat Maruthamuthu, Shizhi Qian Jan 2016

Electrokinetic Phenomena In Pencil Lead-Based Microfluidics, Yashar Bashirzadeh, Venkat Maruthamuthu, Shizhi Qian

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering Faculty Publications

Fabrication of microchannels and associated electrodes to generate electrokinetic phenomena often involves costly materials and considerable effort. In this study, we used graphite pencil-leads as low cost, disposable 3D electrodes to investigate various electrokinetic phenomena in straight cylindrical microchannels, which were themselves fabricated by using a graphite rod as the microchannel mold. Individual pencil-leads were employed as the micro-electrodes arranged along the side walls of the microchannel. Efficient electrokinetic phenomena provided by the 3D electrodes, including alternating current electroosmosis (ACEO), induced-charge electroosmosis (ICEO), and dielectrophoresis (DEP), were demonstrated by the introduced pencil-lead based microfluidic devices. The electrokinetic phenomena were characterized ...


Synthesis, Device Fabrication, And Characterization Of Two-Dimensional Molybdenum Disulfide, Gustavo Alberto Lara Saenz Jan 2016

Synthesis, Device Fabrication, And Characterization Of Two-Dimensional Molybdenum Disulfide, Gustavo Alberto Lara Saenz

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

The miniaturization of electronic devices according to Moore's Law has been propelled by the continuous demand for faster and smaller devices which continue to advance technology. One recent contribution to this trend was the isolation and characterization of one atom thick of graphite, known as graphene, which led to the Nobel Prize in physics in 2010 being awarded to Andre Geim and Konstantin Novoselov. Graphene and its related nanocarbon derivatives have exceptional mechanical, thermal, optical and electronic properties, making them a potential candidate for electronics and optoelectronics applications. However, this material has no intrinsic bandgap and complicated processes are ...


Development Of A Physical And Electronic Model For Ruo2 Nanorod Rectenna Devices, Justin Dao Jan 2016

Development Of A Physical And Electronic Model For Ruo2 Nanorod Rectenna Devices, Justin Dao

Graduate College Dissertations and Theses

Ruthenium oxide (RuO2) nanorods are an emergent technology in nanostructure devices. As the physical size of electronics approaches a critical lower limit, alternative solutions to further device miniaturization are currently under investigation. Thin-film nanorod growth is an interesting technology, being investigated for use in wireless communications, sensor systems, and alternative energy applications.

In this investigation, self-assembled RuO2 nanorods are grown on a variety of substrates via a high density plasma, reactive sputtering process. Nanorods have been found to grow on substrates that form native oxide layers when exposed to air, namely silicon, aluminum, and titanium. Samples were analyzed with Scanning ...


Epitaxial Growth Of Si-Ge-Sn Alloys For Optoelectronic Device Application, Aboozar Mosleh Dec 2015

Epitaxial Growth Of Si-Ge-Sn Alloys For Optoelectronic Device Application, Aboozar Mosleh

Theses and Dissertations

Microelectronics industry has experienced a tremendous change over the last few decades and has shown that Moore’s law has been followed by doubling the number of transistors on the chip every 18 months. However, continuous scaling down of the transistors size is reaching the physical limits and data transfer through metal interconnects will not be able to catch up with the increasing data processing speed in the future. Therefore, optical data transfer between chips and on-chip has been widely investigated. Silicon based optoelectronics has received phenomenal attention since Si has been the core material on which microelectronic industry has ...


Optical Down-Conversion In Doped Znse:Tb3+ Nanocrystals, Sandip Das, K. C. Mandal Apr 2015

Optical Down-Conversion In Doped Znse:Tb3+ Nanocrystals, Sandip Das, K. C. Mandal

Krishna C. Mandal

No abstract provided.


Optical Down-Conversion In Doped Znse:Tb3+ Nanocrystals, Sandip Das, K. C. Mandal Apr 2015

Optical Down-Conversion In Doped Znse:Tb3+ Nanocrystals, Sandip Das, K. C. Mandal

Krishna C. Mandal

No abstract provided.


Development Of Smartphone-Based Spectroscopy Instruments For Diagnostic Test Analysis, Benjamin Jin Seong Ch'ng Jan 2015

Development Of Smartphone-Based Spectroscopy Instruments For Diagnostic Test Analysis, Benjamin Jin Seong Ch'ng

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The latest generation of smartphones are more powerful than the first computer that sent the man to the moon. These smartphones are increasingly seen as handheld computers due to the capabilities that can be done with smartphones. Therefore, in this thesis, we will demonstrate the utilization of a smartphone-based spectrometer using the CMOS CCD chip of the camera. The characterization and integration between the smartphone and spectrometer is done to ensure robust and reliable results. The smartphone-based spectrometer is able to measure accurately and made to be comparable to industrial spectrometers. This research was done in order to attempt to ...


Molecular Dynamics Study On Defect Reduction Strategies Towards The Fabrication Of High Performance Cd1-Xznxte/Cds Solar Cells, Jose Juan Chavez Jan 2015

Molecular Dynamics Study On Defect Reduction Strategies Towards The Fabrication Of High Performance Cd1-Xznxte/Cds Solar Cells, Jose Juan Chavez

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

Cadmium Telluride is a material widely used in terrestrial thin film photovoltaic applications due to its nearly ideal band gap (~1.5 eV) and high absorption coefficient. Due to its low manufacturing cost, this technology has the potential to become a significant energy resource if higher energy conversion efficiencies are achieved. However, the module efficiencies (~14%) are still far from the theoretical maximum (~30%) for this material in a single junction configuration. The reason behind this low performance is attributed to the high number of defects that are present within the device materials. The physics behind the formation mechanisms of ...


The Ph Sensing Properties Of Rf Sputtered Ruo2 Thin-Film Prepared Using Different Ar/O2 Flow Ratio, Ali Sardarinejad, Devendra Kumar Maurya, Kamal Alameh Jan 2015

The Ph Sensing Properties Of Rf Sputtered Ruo2 Thin-Film Prepared Using Different Ar/O2 Flow Ratio, Ali Sardarinejad, Devendra Kumar Maurya, Kamal Alameh

ECU Publications Post 2013

The influence of the Ar/O2 gas ratio during radio frequency (RF) sputtering of the RuO2 sensing electrode on the pH sensing performance is investigated. The developed pH sensor consists in an RF sputtered ruthenium oxide thin-film sensing electrode, in conjunction with an electroplated Ag/AgCl reference electrode. The performance and characterization of the developed pH sensors in terms of sensitivity, response time, stability, reversibility, and hysteresis are investigated. Experimental results show that the pH sensor exhibits super-Nernstian slopes in the range of 64.33-73.83 mV/pH for Ar/O2 gas ratio between 10/0-7/3 ...