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Ultrasound

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Full-Text Articles in Biomedical Engineering and Bioengineering

Hands-Free Ultrasound Transducer Attachment, Christina Harrison, Glenn Farina, Harshveer Dhaliwal Mar 2019

Hands-Free Ultrasound Transducer Attachment, Christina Harrison, Glenn Farina, Harshveer Dhaliwal

Biomedical Engineering

This document describes a background on current ultrasound technologies and the troubles that have inspired the need for a hands-free ultrasound transducer device, as well as the regulatory requirements, like patents and standard codes, for the intended invention. It also explains the Stage Gate Review process used to project plan the design of the device, a description of the final design and how it was developed, and the IQ/OQ/PQ. The objectives necessary to design this device, in order to meet all the requirements of the sponsor, are also summarized here. The design process including manufacturing instructions, prototype evolution ...


The Effectiveness Of Localized Ultrasound And Aptamer Surface Modification On Nanoemulsions For Drug Delivery To Spheroids., Daniel A. Hodge Jul 2018

The Effectiveness Of Localized Ultrasound And Aptamer Surface Modification On Nanoemulsions For Drug Delivery To Spheroids., Daniel A. Hodge

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Cancer is a group of diseases that affects 1.6 million and kills nearly 600,000 Americans each year. The National Cancer Institute defines it as “diseases in which abnormal cells divide without control and can invade nearby tissues” and it is often treated with one or more of the following: chemotherapy, radiation, surgery. The expense for these treatments is expected to rise to $156 billion by 2020. Localized delivery can improve effectiveness and cancer survival rates, decrease the cost of treatment, and decrease the side effects of chemotherapy. This paper addresses models for this localized delivery through nanoemulsions. Nanoemulsions ...


A 3d Us Guidance System For Permanent Breast Seed Implantation: Development And Validation, Justin Michael Nov 2017

A 3d Us Guidance System For Permanent Breast Seed Implantation: Development And Validation, Justin Michael

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Permanent breast seed implantation (PBSI) is a promising breast radiotherapy technique that suffers from operator dependence. We propose and have developed an intraoperative 3D ultrasound (US) guidance system for PBSI.

A tracking arm mounted to a 3D US scanner registers a needle template to the image. Images were validated for linear and volumetric accuracy, and image quality in a volunteer. The tracking arm was calibrated, and the 3D image registered to the scanner. Tracked and imaged needle positions were compared to assess accuracy and a patient-specific phantom procedure guided with the system.

Median/mean linear and volumetric error was ±1 ...


Comparative Analysis Of Nanoscale Ultrasound Contrast Agents, Elly Y. Lambert, Luis Solorio Aug 2017

Comparative Analysis Of Nanoscale Ultrasound Contrast Agents, Elly Y. Lambert, Luis Solorio

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Current ultrasound contrast agents utilize microbubbles as a blood pooling agent, but the size inhibits access to small capillaries. The development of nanoscale ultrasound contrast agents can enter small capillaries of tissues and aid in the detection of diseased states. However, current nano-formulations are flushed from the body over a short period of time. We developed a nanoscale ultrasound contrast agent with increased circulation time to allow for better detection of diseased states in the microvasculature of the body. Characterization (zeta potential, size, echogenicity and stability) and pharmacokinetic analysis were conducted on three nanoscale formulations: 1) Liquid based Bovine Serum ...


Computational Ultrasound Elastography: A Feasibility Study, Yu Wang Jan 2017

Computational Ultrasound Elastography: A Feasibility Study, Yu Wang

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports

Ultrasound Elastography (UE) is an emerging set of imaging modalities used to assess the biomechanical properties of soft tissues. UE has been applied to numerous clinical applications. Particularly, results from clinical trials of UE in breast lesion differentiation and staging liver fibrosis indicated that there was a lack of confidence in UE measurements or image interpretation. Confidence on UE measurements interpretation is critically important for improving the clinical utility of UE. The primary objective of my thesis is to develop a computational simulation platform based on open-source software packages including Field II, VTK, FEBio and Tetgen. The proposed virtual simulation ...


Neurosurgical Ultrasound Pose Estimation Using Image-Based Registration And Sensor Fusion - A Feasibility Study, Utsav Pardasani Oct 2016

Neurosurgical Ultrasound Pose Estimation Using Image-Based Registration And Sensor Fusion - A Feasibility Study, Utsav Pardasani

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Modern neurosurgical procedures often rely on computer-assisted real-time guidance using multiple medical imaging modalities. State-of-the-art commercial products enable the fusion of pre-operative with intra-operative images (e.g., magnetic resonance [MR] with ultrasound [US] images), as well as the on-screen visualization of procedures in progress. In so doing, US images can be employed as a template to which pre-operative images can be registered, to correct for anatomical changes, to provide live-image feedback, and consequently to improve confidence when making resection margin decisions near eloquent regions during tumour surgery.

In spite of the potential for tracked ultrasound to improve many neurosurgical procedures ...


3d Modeling Of Murine Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms: Quantification Of Segmentation And Volumetric Reconstruction, Paula A. Sarmiento, Amelia R. Adelsperger, Craig J. Goergen Ph.D. Aug 2016

3d Modeling Of Murine Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms: Quantification Of Segmentation And Volumetric Reconstruction, Paula A. Sarmiento, Amelia R. Adelsperger, Craig J. Goergen Ph.D.

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms (AAA) cause 5,900 deaths in the United States each year. Surgical intervention is clinically studied by non-invasive techniques such as computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. However, three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound imaging has become an inexpensive alternative and useful tool to characterize aneurysms, allowing for reconstruction of the vessel, quantification of hemodynamics through computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation, and possible prediction of aortic expansion and rupture. However, current analysis techniques for these images require the use of multiple software platforms for either modeling or simulation, prompting the need for alternatives to improve data processing. This study monitors ...


Circle Of Willis Model For Transcranial Doppler Ultrasound Training, Conner J. Beyersdorf, Ben Hage, Greg Bashford Apr 2016

Circle Of Willis Model For Transcranial Doppler Ultrasound Training, Conner J. Beyersdorf, Ben Hage, Greg Bashford

UCARE Research Products

Transcranial Doppler (TCD) ultrasound is a technique involving the use of high frequency transmitters to measure intracranial blood flow. The brain is supplied by blood in an arterial anastomosis called the Circle of Willis. Using TCD ultrasound on the circle is difficult and requires practice and teaching. A functional model of the Circle of Willis could prove to be a valuable teaching tool. Through the use of AutoCAD and 3D printing software, an anatomically accurate model was created and set in gelatin phantom inside of a plastic skull. Milk was pumped through the model with a peristaltic pump to simulate ...


Analysis Of Breath-Holding Index As An Assessment Of Cerebrovascular Reactivity, Allison P. Porter, Madison Burger, Mohammed Alwatban, Benjamin Hage, Greg Bashford Apr 2016

Analysis Of Breath-Holding Index As An Assessment Of Cerebrovascular Reactivity, Allison P. Porter, Madison Burger, Mohammed Alwatban, Benjamin Hage, Greg Bashford

UCARE Research Products

Cerebrovascular reactivity (CVR) is a key factor in regulating blood flow into the brain, and a marker for vascular disease. If the brain's regulatory system is not working, a patient may be in serious trouble. Testing of CVR is one method of assessing the brain's regulatory capabilities. Transcranial Doppler ultrasound (TCD) is one tool to measure CVR. In this method, carbon dioxide in the blood is transiently increased (such as with the holding of breath), and the resulting blood flow in the brain is measured. In this study, we are going to measure the variability of the breathholding ...


Microbubble Size And Dose Effects On Sonoporation In Vitro And In Vivo, Kang-Ho Song Jan 2016

Microbubble Size And Dose Effects On Sonoporation In Vitro And In Vivo, Kang-Ho Song

Mechanical Engineering Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Microbubbles interact with ultrasound to induce transient microscopic pores in the cellular plasma membrane in a highly localized thermo-mechanical process called sonoporation. The objective of this study was to advance in vitro and in vivo sonoporation through the development of novel devices and methodologies to precisely characterize the effects of microbubble size on suspended cell and blood-brain barrier sonoporation. The three core findings of our study were: 1) microbubble size allows for control over sonoporation power and energy, 2) the previously cited “soft” limit on in vitro sonoporation efficiency can be overcome utilizing sequential, low-energy sonoporation with small-diameter microbubbles, and ...


Robot Assisted Ultrasound Imaged Guided Interstitial Lung Brachytherapy In A Porcine Model, Richard A. Malthaner, Edward Yu, Jerry J. Battista, Chris Blake, Donal Downey, Aaron Fenster Jul 2015

Robot Assisted Ultrasound Imaged Guided Interstitial Lung Brachytherapy In A Porcine Model, Richard A. Malthaner, Edward Yu, Jerry J. Battista, Chris Blake, Donal Downey, Aaron Fenster

Richard A. Malthaner

We set out to see if permanent interstitial brachytherapy seeds could be safely and reproducibly inserted thoracoscopicaly with the ZEUS Robotic system and intraoperative ultrasound into in-vivo porcine lungs.


Robot Assisted Ultrasound Imaged Guided Interstitial Lung Brachytherapy In A Porcine Model, Richard A. Malthaner, Edward Yu, Jerry J. Battista, Chris Blake, Donal Downey, Aaron Fenster Jul 2015

Robot Assisted Ultrasound Imaged Guided Interstitial Lung Brachytherapy In A Porcine Model, Richard A. Malthaner, Edward Yu, Jerry J. Battista, Chris Blake, Donal Downey, Aaron Fenster

Richard A. Malthaner

We set out to see if permanent interstitial brachytherapy seeds could be safely and reproducibly inserted thoracoscopicaly with the ZEUS Robotic system and intraoperative ultrasound into in-vivo porcine lungs.


Ultrasound-Guided Regional Anesthesia Nerve Block Simulator, Avik Purkayastha, David Call, Alex Zare, Michael Fister May 2015

Ultrasound-Guided Regional Anesthesia Nerve Block Simulator, Avik Purkayastha, David Call, Alex Zare, Michael Fister

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


Finite Element Analysis Of The Application Of Ultrasound-Generated Acoustic Radiation Force To Biomaterials, Nicole J. Piscopo May 2015

Finite Element Analysis Of The Application Of Ultrasound-Generated Acoustic Radiation Force To Biomaterials, Nicole J. Piscopo

Honors Scholar Theses

While most bone fractures can heal simply by being stabilized, others can take a longer time to rejoin or they could fail to merge back together completely. Numerous studies have shown the positive effects that ultrasonic therapy have had on delayed-union and non-union bone fracture repair but little is known as to what specific biological mechanisms are at play. Ultrasound may be a valuable tool for bone tissue regeneration at these fracture sites using a tissue engineering approach, however, more must be understood about its impact on stimulating tissues to heal before this can be a reality. For that reason ...


Multimodal Nanoparticles For Image-Guided Delivery Of Mesenchymal Stem Cells In The Treatment Of Myocardial Infarction, Sean Sweeney May 2015

Multimodal Nanoparticles For Image-Guided Delivery Of Mesenchymal Stem Cells In The Treatment Of Myocardial Infarction, Sean Sweeney

Theses and Dissertations

One of the leading causes of death and hospital stays in the United States, myocardial infarction (MI) occurs when coronary blockages lead to downstream ischemia in the myocardium. Following the MI, the heart activates a number of pathways to repair or remodel the infarcted zone. Endothelial cells respond to ischemia by de-differentiating to form neovasculature and myofibroblasts. The resident cardiac differentiable stem cells (CDCs) are recruited via local cytokines and chemokines to the infarct zone where they too differentiate into myofibroblasts. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) of the bone marrow respond to circulating factors by immobilizing to the heart and differentiating ...


Ultrasound-Based Tissue Characterization And Classification Of Fatty Liver Disease: A Screening And Diagnostic Paradigm Feb 2015

Ultrasound-Based Tissue Characterization And Classification Of Fatty Liver Disease: A Screening And Diagnostic Paradigm

Faculty of Engineering University of Malaya

Fatty Liver Disease (FLD) is a progressively prevalent disease that is present in about 15% of the world population. Normally benign and reversible if detected at an early stage, FLD, if left undetected and untreated, can progress to an irreversible advanced liver disease, such as fibrosis, cirrhosis, liver cancer and liver failure, which can cause death. Ultrasound (US) is the most widely used modality to detect FLD. However, the accuracy of US-based diagnosis depends on both the training and expertise of the radiologist. US-based Computer Aided Diagnosis (CAD) techniques for FLD detection can improve accuracy, speed and objectiveness of the ...


Molecular Thermodynamics Of Superheated Lipid-Coated Fluorocarbon Nanoemulsions, Paul A. C. Mountford Jan 2015

Molecular Thermodynamics Of Superheated Lipid-Coated Fluorocarbon Nanoemulsions, Paul A. C. Mountford

Mechanical Engineering Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Diagnostic ultrasound is a safe, inexpensive and highly portable real-time imaging modality for viewing the human body. For over two decades, lipid-coated fluorocarbon microbubble contrast agents have been developed to help improve the diagnostic and therapeutic capabilities of ultrasound, but they have certain limitations. Recently, it was found that the microbubbles can be condensed into superheated liquid nanodrops capable of being vaporized by external optical or acoustic triggers. The compact form and vaporization effects of these phase-shift nanodrops may offer advantages over microbubbles for a number of current and future therapeutic and diagnostic applications. The goal of this dissertation work ...


Development Of A Cell Morphological Analysis Tool To Evaluate The Ultrasound Vibrational Effects On Cell Adhesion, Joseph M. Smith Jan 2015

Development Of A Cell Morphological Analysis Tool To Evaluate The Ultrasound Vibrational Effects On Cell Adhesion, Joseph M. Smith

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports - Open

Fibroblast encapsulation is a stage of the wound healing process in which the implanted device is separated from the biological environment due to the formation of fibrotic tissue. Uncontrolled adhesion of fibroblasts, called fibrosis, has the ability to inhibit an implanted device’s functionality over its lifetime. Over time, fibroblasts have been shown to cause loosening and failure of bone-anchor implants which could include the possibility of harming the patient. The encapsulating process could also hinder the sensitivity of implanted biosensors operating in the body for continuous monitoring. Unfortunately, the antifouling surfaces which are commonly used on implanted devices to ...


Calibration And Validation Of An In Vitro Ultrasound Device To Deliver Targeted Thermal Enhancement Of Hmsc Osteogenesis, Dionne Dawkins Jan 2015

Calibration And Validation Of An In Vitro Ultrasound Device To Deliver Targeted Thermal Enhancement Of Hmsc Osteogenesis, Dionne Dawkins

Dissertations and Theses

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a disease that affects millions of people annually, often the elderly, and limits their physical abilities. Current methods of treating OA are often very invasive, and expensive, costing the Medicare system billions of dollars annually. A minimally invasive therapy that can be localized to the affected area that provides both relief and a short recovery time is optimal for treating the disease. For targeted therapy and clinical use, therapeutic ultrasound in the 0.7 MHz to 3 MHz frequency range can provide relief and is convenient, portable and localized. Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) has been proven in ...


Real-Time Temperature Imaging Using Ultrasonic Change In Backscattered Energy, Weiyuan Zhao Dec 2014

Real-Time Temperature Imaging Using Ultrasonic Change In Backscattered Energy, Weiyuan Zhao

Engineering and Applied Science Theses & Dissertations

Thermal therapy from low-temperature cryosurgery to high-temperature ablation of tumors and unwanted electrical pathways has gained increased attention. Temperature imaging (TI) from magnetic resonance studies is the de facto standard for volumetric estimation of temperature. Ultrasound has the advantages of being cheap, portable, non-invasive and non-ionizing. Our group showed in predictions for single scatterers, simulations of scatterer populations and measurements in 1D, 2D and 3D, that CBE changed monotonically with temperature with 1oC accuracy. An obstacle to clinical application of CBE TI is estimation of temperature in real time, which is limited by time for motion compensation (MC ...


Dynamic Image Processing For Guidance Of Off-Pump Beating Heart Mitral Valve Repair, Feng Li Sep 2014

Dynamic Image Processing For Guidance Of Off-Pump Beating Heart Mitral Valve Repair, Feng Li

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Compared to conventional open heart procedures, minimally invasive off-pump beating heart mitral valve repair aims to deliver equivalent treatment for mitral regurgitation with reduced trauma and side effects. However, minimally invasive approaches are often limited by the lack of a direct view to surgical targets and/or tools, a challenge that is compounded by potential movement of the target during the cardiac cycle. For this reason, sophisticated image guidance systems are required in achieving procedural efficiency and therapeutic success. The development of such guidance systems is associated with many challenges. For example, the system should be able to provide high ...


Optically Active Plasmonic Microbubbles, Jacob Dove Jan 2014

Optically Active Plasmonic Microbubbles, Jacob Dove

Mechanical Engineering Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Contrast agents are used across a variety of medical imaging modalities for improved visualization of structures in the body. Microbubbles, for example, efficiently scatter ultrasound thereby providing enhanced ultrasonic imaging of the vasculature. Plasmonic nanoparticles, on the other hand, are efficient optical absorbers and can provide improvements in optical and photoacoustic imaging.

The focus of this thesis is on the development of novel contrast agents capable of enhancing both ultrasound and photoacoustic imaging modalities. The first agent is constructed by templating nanoparticles onto a lipid-encapsulated microbubble with a perfluorocarbon gas core. Using an avidin-biotin conjugation scheme, control over the nanoparticle ...


In Vivo Flow Measurements Of Murine Renal Arteries And Veins With High Frequency Ultrasound, Amy E. Bogucki, Hilary D. Schroeder, Alexa A. Yrineo, Craig J. Goergen Oct 2013

In Vivo Flow Measurements Of Murine Renal Arteries And Veins With High Frequency Ultrasound, Amy E. Bogucki, Hilary D. Schroeder, Alexa A. Yrineo, Craig J. Goergen

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

The number of glomeruli in the kidneys has been shown to have an effect on the decline in renal function over time (Brenner, Garcia, Anderson 1988). Furthermore, flow in the renal arteries and veins may depend on the number of glomeruli in the kidney. Consistent in vivo measurements of volumetric flow in the renal arteries and veins are difficult to obtain. Thus, the purpose of this study was to develop non-invasive imaging techniques capable of estimating arterial and venous flow to kidneys. A high-frequency small animal ultrasound system was chosen based upon its excellent spatial and temporal resolution when imaging ...


Visualization Of Complex Flow Patterns In Angiotensin Ii-Induced Dissecting Murine Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms With High Frequency Ultrasound, Hilary D. Schroeder, Alexa A. Yrineo, Amy E. Bogucki, Craig J. Goergen Oct 2013

Visualization Of Complex Flow Patterns In Angiotensin Ii-Induced Dissecting Murine Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms With High Frequency Ultrasound, Hilary D. Schroeder, Alexa A. Yrineo, Amy E. Bogucki, Craig J. Goergen

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) rupture is a common cause of mortality in the United States. Current treatments are only employed once the risk of rupture outweighs the risks associated with surgery. Murine models have been developed to characterize AAA pathogenesis in the hope that new treatments will be developed. For this study, angiotensin II (AngII) was infused subcutaneously into apolipoprotein E-deficient (ApoE-/-) mice using an osmotic mini-pump over 28 days. ApoE-/- mice (16-week-old, 3 females, 2 males) were imaged using a VisualSonics Vevo 2100 high frequency ultrasound before pump implantation and 3, 7, 14, 21, and 27 days following implantation ...


Development Of Non-Invasive In Vivo Ultrasound Imaging Techniques For Elastase-Induced Experimental Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms, Alexa A. Yrineo, Elizabeth A. Nunamaker, Hilary D. Schroeder, Amy E. Bogucki, Craig J. Goergen Oct 2013

Development Of Non-Invasive In Vivo Ultrasound Imaging Techniques For Elastase-Induced Experimental Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms, Alexa A. Yrineo, Elizabeth A. Nunamaker, Hilary D. Schroeder, Amy E. Bogucki, Craig J. Goergen

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) are pathological dilations of the aorta which are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The underlying mechanisms that cause this inflammatory disease are not fully understood and thus, are currently under investigation. In the hopes of preventing disease progression, rodent models that mimic the human condition have been developed to provide insight into the pathogenesis of AAAs. In this study, porcine pancreatic elastase (0.44 U; Sigma-Aldrich) was infused into the infrarenal aortas of male, Sprague Dawley rats to induce aneurysms. To perform the surgery, temporary ligatures were placed around proximal and distal sections of the ...


Biomedical Photoacoustic Imaging Using Gas-Coupled Laser Acoustic Detection, Jami L. Johnson May 2013

Biomedical Photoacoustic Imaging Using Gas-Coupled Laser Acoustic Detection, Jami L. Johnson

Student Research Initiative

Several detection methods have been explored for photoacoustic and ultrasound imaging of biological tissues. Piezoelectric transducers are commonly used, which require contact with the sample and have limiting bandwidth characteristics. Interferometry detection exhibits improved bandwidth characteristics and resolution, yet generally require complicated optics and the incorporation of a contacting reflective medium. Here, we report the use of a noncontact photoacoustic and laser-ultrasound imaging system that does not require the use of a reflective layer. A simple, robust technique known as gas-coupled laser acoustic detection is used, which has previously been applied to composite material evaluation. This technique has the potential ...


Propagation Of Ultrasound Through Freshly Excised Human Calvarium, Armando Garcia Noguera Jul 2012

Propagation Of Ultrasound Through Freshly Excised Human Calvarium, Armando Garcia Noguera

Engineering Mechanics Dissertations & Theses

The propagation of ultrasound through complex biological media, such as the human calvarium, poses a great challenge for modern medicine. Several ultrasonic techniques commonly used for treatment and diagnosis in most of the human body are still difficult to apply to the human brain, in part, because of the properties of the skull. Moreover, an understanding of the biomechanics of transcranial ultrasound may provide needed insight into the problem of blast wave induced traumatic brain injury (TBI). In the present study, the spatial variability of ultrasonic properties was evaluated for relevant frequencies of 0.5, 1, and 2.25 MHz ...


A Novel Imaging System For Automatic Real-Time 3d Patient-Specific Knee Model Reconstruction Using Ultrasound Rf Data, Rimon Adel Messiha Tadross May 2012

A Novel Imaging System For Automatic Real-Time 3d Patient-Specific Knee Model Reconstruction Using Ultrasound Rf Data, Rimon Adel Messiha Tadross

Doctoral Dissertations

This dissertation introduces a novel imaging method and system for automatic real-time 3D patient-specific knee model reconstruction using ultrasound RF data. The developed method uses ultrasound to transcutaneously digitize a point cloud representing the bone’s surface. This point cloud is then used to reconstruct 3D bone model using deformable models method.

In this work, three systems were developed for 3D knee bone model reconstruction using ultrasound RF data. The first system uses tracked single-element ultrasound transducer, and was experimented on 12 knee phantoms. An average reconstruction accuracy of 0.98 mm was obtained. The second system was developed using ...


Increased Susceptibility Of Arterial Tissue To Wire Perforation With The Application Of High Frequency Mechanical Vibrations, Mark Wylie, Garrett Mcguinness, Graham Gavin Jan 2012

Increased Susceptibility Of Arterial Tissue To Wire Perforation With The Application Of High Frequency Mechanical Vibrations, Mark Wylie, Garrett Mcguinness, Graham Gavin

Articles

High frequency mechanical vibrations (20–50 kHz), delivered via small diameter flexible wire waveguides represent a minimally invasive technology for the treatment of chronic total occlusions (CTOs) and in other tissue ablation applications. Tissue disruption is reported to be caused by repetitive mechanical contact and cavitation. This work focuses on the effects of vibrating wire waveguides in contact with arterial tissue. An apparatus with clinically relevant parameters was used, characterized as operating at 22.5 kHz and delivering amplitudes of vibration of 17.8 - 34.3 µm (acoustic intensity, ISATA: 1.03 - 3.83 W/cm2) via 1 ...


Characterization And Implementation Of Low Intensity Pulsed Ultrasound As A Tool To Apply Physical Load To Scaffolds And Bone Cells For Fracture Repair, Scott Frazee May 2011

Characterization And Implementation Of Low Intensity Pulsed Ultrasound As A Tool To Apply Physical Load To Scaffolds And Bone Cells For Fracture Repair, Scott Frazee

Master's Theses

One current challenge in treating bone fractures is the effective treatment of non-unions and delayed unions. Low Intensity Pulsed Ultrasound (LIPUS) has been approved by the FDA to treat fresh fractures since 1994 and non-unions since 2000 and is an attractive treatment option because it is non-invasive. The mechanism by which it works, however, is not well understood; what is known is largely confined to the resultant changes in chemical output of cells. In this thesis several concepts and techniques were brought together to investigate the following hypothesis: LIPUS produces a measurable physical load that results in measurable deformation and ...