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Articles 1 - 30 of 432

Full-Text Articles in Business Law, Public Responsibility, and Ethics

Implicit Communication And Enforcement Of Corporate Disclosure Regulation, Ashiq Ali, Michael T. Durney, Jill E. Fisch, Hoyoun Kyung Jul 2020

Implicit Communication And Enforcement Of Corporate Disclosure Regulation, Ashiq Ali, Michael T. Durney, Jill E. Fisch, Hoyoun Kyung

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

This study examines the challenge of implicit communication -- qualitative statements, tone, and non-verbal cues -- to the effectiveness of enforcing corporate disclosure regulation. We use a Regulation Fair Disclosure (Reg FD) setting, given that the SEC adopted the regulation recognizing that managers can convey non-public information privately not just through explicit quantitative disclosures but also through implicit communication. In a high-profile enforcement action, however, the court focused on a literal examination of the manager’s language rather than his positive spin to conclude that the SEC had been “too demanding” in examining the manager’s statements and that its enforcement policy ...


The Cost Of Big Data: Evaluating The Effects Of The European Union’S General Data Protection Regulation, Kara Rebecca White May 2020

The Cost Of Big Data: Evaluating The Effects Of The European Union’S General Data Protection Regulation, Kara Rebecca White

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


The Cost Of Big Data: Evaluating The Effects Of The European Union’S General Data Protection Regulation, Kara Rebecca White Jan 2020

The Cost Of Big Data: Evaluating The Effects Of The European Union’S General Data Protection Regulation, Kara Rebecca White

Finance Publications and Other Works

In the 1990’s the World Wide Web was created, drastically changing the way I do business, communicate, and live our lives. Ten years later in the early 2000’s the dot com boom happened, and several years later, new technology giants emerged—like Amazon, Google, and Facebook. From this, I now face “big data” that promises to solve world problems, but has the potential to create turmoil and malfeasance. My research examines the impact of the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) enacted in the EU in 2016 on firm value using Tobin’s Q and CARs. Using regression analyses ...


Are Green Bonds Just Another Financial Fad Or Are They Here To Stay?, Saloni R. Wadhwa Jan 2020

Are Green Bonds Just Another Financial Fad Or Are They Here To Stay?, Saloni R. Wadhwa

Wharton Research Scholars

This paper analyses the existence of a greemium i.e., an investor or issuer green bond premium in the primary fixed income and securities market across time. To achieve this, I examine issue yield differentials and issue price differentials between matched samples of green and conventional bonds, which are examined through time series, regression and difference-in-difference analyses. The issuer premium is evaluated in terms of favorable price, while the investor premium is defined in terms of favorable yield. The results suggest that green bonds have had an investor premium based on a positive yield (3.6 basis points). There is ...


The Layers Of Digital Financial Innovation: Charting A Regulatory Response, Teresa Rodriguez De Las Heras Ballell Jan 2020

The Layers Of Digital Financial Innovation: Charting A Regulatory Response, Teresa Rodriguez De Las Heras Ballell

Fordham Journal of Corporate & Financial Law

The increasing penetration of digital technologies in financial markets is evidenced by promising adoption rates among users, expanding presence of fintech firms and bigtech providing techfin services, and the growing use of fintech solutions by incumbents. The increasingly popular term "fintech" captures the accelerated transformation of contemporary financial markets driven and enabled by technology, and encapsulates its multifarious potential impact on services, market structures, and business models. This Article first aims to devise and propose an analytical framework to understand the digital challenges to financial regulation based on the "layers of digital financial innovation" theory. Accordingly, digital innovation (fintech) is ...


Superseding Money Judgments In Texas: Four Proposed Reforms To Help The Business Litigant And To Further Improve The Texas Civil Justice System, James Holmes Jan 2020

Superseding Money Judgments In Texas: Four Proposed Reforms To Help The Business Litigant And To Further Improve The Texas Civil Justice System, James Holmes

St. Mary's Law Journal

Abstract forthcoming.


Political Ideology Of The Board And Ceo Dismissal Following Financial Misconduct, Uisung Park, Warren Boeker, David Gomulya Jan 2020

Political Ideology Of The Board And Ceo Dismissal Following Financial Misconduct, Uisung Park, Warren Boeker, David Gomulya

Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School Of Business

Why do some boards refuse to take serious action against CEOs who have committed financial misconduct? Past work has directed attention to the antecedents of misconduct while largely overlooking this question. The relatively few studies to examine it have typically revolved around the capacity of boards to take action, or their relationships to their CEOs. This study instead examines how the beliefs and values held by board members can influence their actions following financial misconduct. Focusing on political ideology, we argue and find that politically conservative boards are more likely to respond by dismissing the CEO than are liberal boards ...


How Social Media Communications Can Mitigate Negative Impacts Of Corporate Social Irresponsibility On Corporate Financial Performance?, Saad A. Alhoqail, Hyun Young Cho, Kristopher Floyd Dec 2019

How Social Media Communications Can Mitigate Negative Impacts Of Corporate Social Irresponsibility On Corporate Financial Performance?, Saad A. Alhoqail, Hyun Young Cho, Kristopher Floyd

Business Faculty Articles and Research

Previous research on corporate social responsibility (CSR) has focused on corporate reputation (CR) and corporate financial performance (CFP), showing a high correlation between both. While most researchers primarily focus on CSR, our research examines the other side of the coin; corporate social irresponsibility (CSI) and provides findings that counter previous thought. We contribute to the existing literature by showing that CSI has a non-significant impact on corporate financial performance, as measured by market value, while concurrently being negatively correlated to corporate reputation. Further, we show social media, as measured by the Social Media Sustainability Index (SMSI), a measure studied infrequently ...


Peer Effects Of Corporate Social Responsibility, Jie Cao, Hao Liang, Xintong Zhan Dec 2019

Peer Effects Of Corporate Social Responsibility, Jie Cao, Hao Liang, Xintong Zhan

Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School Of Business

We investigate how firms react to their product-market peers' commitment to and adoption of corporate social responsibility (CSR) using a regression discontinuity design approach. Relying on the passage or failure of CSR proposals by a narrow margin of votes during shareholder meetings, we find the passage of a close-call CSR proposal and its implementation are followed by the adoption of similar CSR practices by peer firms. In addition, peers that have greater difficulty in catching up with the voting firm in CSR experience significantly lower stock returns around the passage, consistent with the notion that the spillover effect of the ...


Jpmorgan Chase London Whale H: Cross-Border Regulation, Arwin G. Zeissler, Andrew Metrick Aug 2019

Jpmorgan Chase London Whale H: Cross-Border Regulation, Arwin G. Zeissler, Andrew Metrick

Journal of Financial Crises

As a global financial service provider, JPMorgan Chase (JPM) is supervised by banking regulatory agencies in different countries. Bruno Iksil, the derivatives trader primarily responsible for the $6 billion trading loss in 2012, was based in JPM’s London office. This office was regulated both by the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC) of the United States (US) and by the Financial Services Authority (FSA), which served as the sole regulator of all financial services in the United Kingdom (UK). Banking regulators in the US and the UK have entered into agreements with one another to define basic ...


Jpmorgan Chase London Whale G: Hedging Versus Proprietary Trading, Arwin G. Zeissler, Andrew Metrick Aug 2019

Jpmorgan Chase London Whale G: Hedging Versus Proprietary Trading, Arwin G. Zeissler, Andrew Metrick

Journal of Financial Crises

In December 2013, the primary United States financial regulatory agencies jointly adopted final rules to implement Section 619 of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, which is often referred to as the “Volcker Rule”. Section 619 prohibits banks from engaging in activities considered to be particularly risky, including proprietary trading and owning hedge funds or private equity funds. Banking regulators designed the final rule against proprietary trading in part to prevent losses like the $6 billion London Whale loss that took place in 2012 at JPMorgan Chase. Given the controversial nature of the Volcker Rule, it is ...


Jpmorgan Chase London Whale F: Required Securities Disclosures, Arwin G. Zeissler, Giulio Girardi, Andrew Metrick Aug 2019

Jpmorgan Chase London Whale F: Required Securities Disclosures, Arwin G. Zeissler, Giulio Girardi, Andrew Metrick

Journal of Financial Crises

On April 13, 2012, JPMorgan Chase (JPM) Chief Financial Officer Douglas Braunstein took part in a conference call to discuss the bank’s first quarter 2012 earnings. Coming just a week after media reports first questioned the risks taken by JPM derivatives trader Bruno Iksil, Braunstein made a series of assertions about the trades. On May 10, JPM finalized its first quarter financial results, which included some disclosures regarding Iksil’s trading that were substantially different from Braunstein’s statements of April 13. At issue is whether the regulatory filings on April 13 and May 10, as well as verbal ...


Jpmorgan Chase London Whale E: Supervisory Oversight, Arwin G. Zeissler, Andrew Metrick Aug 2019

Jpmorgan Chase London Whale E: Supervisory Oversight, Arwin G. Zeissler, Andrew Metrick

Journal of Financial Crises

As a diversified financial service provider and the largest United States bank holding company, JPMorgan Chase (JPM) is supervised by multiple regulatory agencies. JPM’s commercial bank subsidiaries hold a national charter and therefore are regulated by the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC). Since the bank’s Chief Investment Office (CIO) invested the surplus deposits of JPM’s commercial bank units, the OCC was also CIO’s primary regulator. During the critical period from late January through March 2012, when CIO traders undertook the failed derivatives strategy that ultimately cost the bank $6 billion, JPM did not ...


Jpmorgan Chase London Whale D: Risk-Management Practices, Arwin G. Zeissler, Andrew Metrick Aug 2019

Jpmorgan Chase London Whale D: Risk-Management Practices, Arwin G. Zeissler, Andrew Metrick

Journal of Financial Crises

JPMorgan Chase (JPM) prided itself on having the best risk-management practices in the financial industry, having survived the 2007-09 financial crisis in better shape than many competitors. Chief Executive Officer Jamie Dimon often spoke of the bank’s “fortress balance sheet.” A keen focus on risk management is vital to JPM’s longevity, as is the case with all highly leveraged financial institutions. However, the JPM Task Force that investigated the $6 billion 2012 London Whale trading loss concluded that risk-management practices at the bank’s Chief Investment Office (CIO), the unit in which the loss occurred, were given less ...


Impact Of Life-Cycle Costs Threshold Criteria In The Alternate Design Pavement Bidding Practices Of Public Transportation Agencies, Ilker Karaca, Douglas Gransberg, Ashley F. Buss Aug 2019

Impact Of Life-Cycle Costs Threshold Criteria In The Alternate Design Pavement Bidding Practices Of Public Transportation Agencies, Ilker Karaca, Douglas Gransberg, Ashley F. Buss

Ilker Karaca

This paper proposes a model that enables Department of Transportation (DOT) policy makers to quantify the expected volume of projects that will qualify for letting in their alternate design/alternate bid (ADAB) pavement bidding programs. Current guidance on alternate bidding recommends a fixed percentage as the life cycle cost (LCC) threshold criterion to determine whether pavement selection decisions should be made through ADAB bidding practices. The paper’s analysis shows that the fixed LCC threshold percentage approach may have considerable shortcomings. Instead, a dynamic threshold value is proposed that can subsequently be calibrated by agencies, based on the desired size ...


Transparency Regulation And Stock Price Informativeness: Evidence From The European Union's Transparency Directive, Olena Watanabe, Michael J. Imhof, Semih Tartaroglu Jul 2019

Transparency Regulation And Stock Price Informativeness: Evidence From The European Union's Transparency Directive, Olena Watanabe, Michael J. Imhof, Semih Tartaroglu

Accounting Publications

We examine changes in stock price informativeness following the European Union's Transparency Directive (TPD). The TPD, implemented by country between 2007 and 2009, enhanced corporate transparency through mandating regular firm financial disclosures and facilitating the dissemination of financial reports. Using stock return synchronicity as a proxy for stock price informativeness, we find that price informativeness improved following implementation of the TPD. This improvement was more pronounced in countries with strong regulatory environments than those with weak regulatory environments. We additionally examine a later amendment to the TPD that eliminated the requirement of quarterly financial disclosures and document an increase ...


The Development Of Orphan Drugs; A Financial And Ethical Decision, Emmett S. Worth Jun 2019

The Development Of Orphan Drugs; A Financial And Ethical Decision, Emmett S. Worth

Honors Projects

This paper explores the decision faced by a firm to invest in an orphan drug development project. Two primary areas of concern are considered: financial and ethical. In order to properly understand these two areas, the paper first summarizes the current development landscape for non-orphan and orphan drugs. Once the basic development structure is established, a discussion regarding the differences in the Net Present Value equation for a non-orphan and orphan product may occur. Once the differences in the financial decision are established, the paper will discuss the ethical considerations surrounding drug development and drug pricing. The combination of the ...


The Performance Of Military Defense Contracted Companies After September 11th, 2001: The Case Of Politically Connected Companies, Derek J. Larsen May 2019

The Performance Of Military Defense Contracted Companies After September 11th, 2001: The Case Of Politically Connected Companies, Derek J. Larsen

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

This paper examines the effect that the terrorist attacks on September 11th, 2001 had on the stock prices of companies within the military defense industry. In addition, this paper studies the effect of the defense firms’ political engagement (through lobbying activities) and how this affected the stock price response to the terrorist attacks. Our study finds that the cumulative abnormal returns of these companies are positively significant and that companies who lobbied experienced higher returns relative to those who did not lobby.


Procesos Administrativos Y Contables Para La Fundación Dejando Huellas Mets, Diego Mauricio Cárdenas Diaz, Ivonne Alexandra Vargas Valderrama Apr 2019

Procesos Administrativos Y Contables Para La Fundación Dejando Huellas Mets, Diego Mauricio Cárdenas Diaz, Ivonne Alexandra Vargas Valderrama

Contaduría Pública

El trabajo presentado a continuación permite identificar el seguimiento realizado a la Fundación Dejando Huellas METS, ubicada en la localidad 18 Rafael Uribe Uribe de la ciudad de Bogotá, en la cual se realizó un proceso de investigación y acompañamiento que permitió la recopilación de información primaria a través de visitas al entorno interno y externo de dicha institución. Por medio de entrevistas realizadas a la señora Marisol Rincón, en su calidad de fundadora y presidente, se logró identificar las limitantes de conocimiento sobre temas administrativos y contables, elementos necesarios para ejecutar procesos de planeación y seguimiento que permitiera un ...


The Velocity Of Risk, Sridhar Ramamoorti, James H. Wanserski, Richard Stover Apr 2019

The Velocity Of Risk, Sridhar Ramamoorti, James H. Wanserski, Richard Stover

Accounting Faculty Publications

Only a few decades ago, the onset of problematic risk events often was slow, and organizations handled the corresponding aftermath over a manageable time frame. Organizations armed with extensive public relations resources responded to most postevent crises after planning and analyzing thoughtful responses. Additionally, organizations carefully calculated their transparency with stakeholders regarding the event to manage its impact on the organization. Fast forward to today, and the pace of information is almost instantaneous. For example, when a popular U.S. fast food restaurant chain experienced an outbreak of E. coli-infected lettuce, its stock price decreased 44 percent within 90 days ...


Pertinencia De La Aplicación Del Estatuto Aduanero (Decreto 390 De 2016) En La Facilitación Del Comercio Exterior Con Base A Los Lineamientos De La Organización Mundial Del Comercio, Paula Andrea Rojas Soler, Laura Daniela Méndez González Jan 2019

Pertinencia De La Aplicación Del Estatuto Aduanero (Decreto 390 De 2016) En La Facilitación Del Comercio Exterior Con Base A Los Lineamientos De La Organización Mundial Del Comercio, Paula Andrea Rojas Soler, Laura Daniela Méndez González

Negocios y Relaciones Internacionales

En un panorama de incertidumbre respecto a los términos y normas que regulan el comercio exterior en Colombia y luego de más de 7 años de negociaciones entre el sector privado y el gobierno, por medio del Decreto 390 de 2016 se concreta el Estatuto Aduanero Colombiano. El Decreto 390 es apremiante para el país, debido a la necesidad de armonizar la normatividad aduanera con los diferentes lineamientos internacionales y de adaptar en la legislación nacional los pilares del Acuerdo de Facilitación Comercial de la Organización Mundial del Comercio. Asimismo, con el Estatuto se busca ordenar el sistema comercial del ...


Apertura Comercial De Colombia En La Alianza Del Pacífico: Un Análisis Con Base En Los Niveles De Producción Extractiva Y De Convergencia Tecnológica En El Periodo 1990-2016, Laura Nayely Rojas Beltrán, Diego Leonardo López Gómez Jan 2019

Apertura Comercial De Colombia En La Alianza Del Pacífico: Un Análisis Con Base En Los Niveles De Producción Extractiva Y De Convergencia Tecnológica En El Periodo 1990-2016, Laura Nayely Rojas Beltrán, Diego Leonardo López Gómez

Economía

La dependencia económica y comercial hacia los recursos naturales por parte de los países en desarrollo ha estado marcada históricamente por hitos del comercio internacional que han terminado por profundizar dicha dependencia al entorpecer el desarrollo y crecimiento de la economía en caminada en otros sectores. En este sentido, el objetivo de esta investigación es analizar la apertura comercial de la Alianza del Pacífico, especialmente de Colombia, para el periodo 1990-2016, con base en la descripción de la dependencia hacia la industria extractiva y la influencia de la convergencia tecnológica en sus economías, discutiendo las razones por las cuales estos ...


The Influence Of Law-And-Economics On The Ideological Center Of Civil Society – The New American Formalism With A European Counterpoint, Sebastian Ciobotaru Jan 2019

The Influence Of Law-And-Economics On The Ideological Center Of Civil Society – The New American Formalism With A European Counterpoint, Sebastian Ciobotaru

Washington University Global Studies Law Review

Law-and-economics has been the dominant methodology in United States’ adjudication and law commentary for nearly 35 years. Because of its efficiency-only approach, law-and-economics has transformed the law itself from the impartial anchor of our social system into a political tool that legitimizes a new “false center.” Consequently, by failing in its role as a neutral force immune to political bias, the practice of law as advocated by law-and-economics constantly aids the neoliberal counter-revolution to commodify most aspects of our lives and foster a generation of corporate consumers bereft of traditional notions of liberty and autonomy. The main drive behind this ...


The Eighteenth Annual Albert A. Destefano Lecture On Corporate, Securities, & Financial Law At The Fordham Corporate Law Center: Corwin V. Kkr Financial Holdings Llc— An “After-Action Report”, The Honorable Joseph R. Slights Iii, Matthew Diller Jan 2019

The Eighteenth Annual Albert A. Destefano Lecture On Corporate, Securities, & Financial Law At The Fordham Corporate Law Center: Corwin V. Kkr Financial Holdings Llc— An “After-Action Report”, The Honorable Joseph R. Slights Iii, Matthew Diller

Fordham Journal of Corporate & Financial Law

No abstract provided.


List Voting’S Travels: The Importance Of Being Independent In The Boardroom, Maria Lucia Passador Jan 2019

List Voting’S Travels: The Importance Of Being Independent In The Boardroom, Maria Lucia Passador

Fordham Journal of Corporate & Financial Law

The life of the law, especially with regard to corporations, is strongly influenced by experience and practice. The board, a living element of corporate law, is therefore one of the most noteworthy aspects to be studied, given its relevant implications and role as the lifeblood of scholarly debates.

This Article offers a novel contribution to the assessment of list voting, a fairly unique Italian system that has been increasingly appreciated by institutional investors. A hand-picked dataset that stretches from 2005 to 2015 shows a positive correlation between minority-appointed directors in the boardroom and dividend payouts. Furthermore, the findings shed light ...


Curb Your Enthusiasm: The Rise Of Hedge Fund Activist Shareholders And The Duty Of Loyalty, Soo Young Hong Jan 2019

Curb Your Enthusiasm: The Rise Of Hedge Fund Activist Shareholders And The Duty Of Loyalty, Soo Young Hong

Fordham Journal of Corporate & Financial Law

Shareholder activism has been a growing problem in the corporate world, creating numerous dilemmas for the board of directors of companies. Activist shareholders can unsettle a company, pressuring the directors to make decisions according to the course of business the activists would prefer, and thus interfering with the traditional role of directors as the decision-makers of a company. With this new development in the business world, legal scholars have been debating if this activism needs to be controlled and, if so, what measures can be taken to reach a balance. This Note examines the traditional corporate principles such as the ...


The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau: A Novel Agency Design With Familiar Issues, Thomas Arning Jan 2019

The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau: A Novel Agency Design With Familiar Issues, Thomas Arning

Fordham Journal of Corporate & Financial Law

This Note examines the structure of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, with a specific focus on its single-director structure. The balance of authority between agencies and the three branches of government has been a point of contention for generations, especially since the early twentieth century. This area of the law became even more contested following the financial crisis in 2008. As part of the response to the perceived abuses that led to the global recession, Congress created the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, ultimately opting to give it a single director as opposed to a board structure. Proponents of this regime ...


Coin-Operated Capitalism, Shaanan Cohney, David A. Hoffman, Jeremy Sklaroff, David A. Wishnick Jan 2019

Coin-Operated Capitalism, Shaanan Cohney, David A. Hoffman, Jeremy Sklaroff, David A. Wishnick

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

This Article presents the legal literature’s first detailed analysis of the inner workings of Initial Coin Offerings. We characterize the ICO as an example of financial innovation, placing it in kinship with venture capital contracting, asset securitization, and (obviously) the IPO. We also take the form seriously as an example of technological innovation, where promoters are beginning to effectuate their promises to investors through computer code, rather than traditional contract. To understand the dynamics of this shift, we first collect contracts, “white papers,” and other contract-like documents for the fifty top-grossing ICOs of 2017. We then analyze how such ...


Plan De Mejoramiento Administrativo Y Contable Para La Fundación Palagus De La Localidad De Ciudad Bolívar, Bogotá D.C., Andersson Fabian Morales Guerra, Dario Nicolas Prieto Tenorio Jan 2019

Plan De Mejoramiento Administrativo Y Contable Para La Fundación Palagus De La Localidad De Ciudad Bolívar, Bogotá D.C., Andersson Fabian Morales Guerra, Dario Nicolas Prieto Tenorio

Contaduría Pública

El presente trabajo se compone de dos partes la primera parte tiene como objetivo el diagnóstico y estado real de la Fundación Palagus la cual corresponde a la UPZ 19 (Ciudad Bolívar), observando y analizando las variables que la componen tales como servicios públicos, vías de acceso, salud, educación, entre otras las cuales se denominan macro variables. En la segunda parte se enfocara directamente en herramientas como el DOFA, el cual mostrará el estado real de la Fundación, permitiendo observar y analizar necesidades y falencias que tiene la comunidad y que permite la realización del plan de mejoramiento administrativo y ...


Asesoría Contable, Administrativa De La Fundación Amigos Samaritanos, Caterin Suspes Bulla, Luis Fernando Rivera Gonzáles Jan 2019

Asesoría Contable, Administrativa De La Fundación Amigos Samaritanos, Caterin Suspes Bulla, Luis Fernando Rivera Gonzáles

Contaduría Pública

Con el fin de darle cumplimiento al programa de proyección social de la Universidad de la Salle, se realizó una investigación sobre la fundación Amigos Samaritanos, para poder determinar el estado en el que se encontraba esta fundación, para lo que se utilizaron herramientas tales como la observación, revisión documental, entre otras. Se desarrolló un proceso de implementación y asesoría contable y administrativa a la fundación Amigos Samaritanos, con el propósito de fortalecer la gestión de esta y contribuir con su buen desarrollo, realizando actividades de mejora e implementando herramientas que sean de utilidad para el desarrollo contable y administrativo ...