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2002

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Full-Text Articles in Business

Collusive Bidding In The Fcc Spectrum Auctions, Peter Cramton, Jesse Schwartz May 2014

Collusive Bidding In The Fcc Spectrum Auctions, Peter Cramton, Jesse Schwartz

Jesse A. Schwartz

This paper describes the bid signaling that occurred in many of the FCC spectrum auctions. Bidders in these auctions bid on numerous spectrum licenses simultaneously, with bidding remaining open on all licenses until no bidder is willing to raise the bid on any license. Simultaneous open bidding allows bidders to send messages to their rivals, telling them on which licenses to bid and which to avoid. This “code bidding” occurs when one bidder tags the last few digits of its bid with the market number of a related license. We examine how extensively bidders signaled each other with retaliating bids ...


Effect Of Assessment Method On The Discrepancy Between Judgments Of Health Disorders People Have And Do Not Have: A Web Study, Jonathan Baron, David A. Asch, Angela Fagerlin, Christopher A. Jepson, George Loewenstein, Jason Riis, Margaret G. Stineman, Peter A. Ubel Dec 2002

Effect Of Assessment Method On The Discrepancy Between Judgments Of Health Disorders People Have And Do Not Have: A Web Study, Jonathan Baron, David A. Asch, Angela Fagerlin, Christopher A. Jepson, George Loewenstein, Jason Riis, Margaret G. Stineman, Peter A. Ubel

Marketing Papers

Three experiments on the World Wide Web asked subjects to rate the severity of common health disorders such as acne or arthritis. People who had a disorder (“Haves”) tended to rate it as less severe than people who did not have it (“Not-haves”). Two explanations of this Have versus Not-have discrepancy were rejected. By one account, people change their reference point when they rate a disorder that they have. More precise reference points would, on this account, reduce the discrepancy, but, if anything, the discrepancy was larger. By another account, people who do not have the disorder focus on attributes ...


Lodging Demand For Urban Hotels In Major Metropolitan Markets, Linda Canina Ph.D., Steven A. Carvell Ph.D. Dec 2002

Lodging Demand For Urban Hotels In Major Metropolitan Markets, Linda Canina Ph.D., Steven A. Carvell Ph.D.

Center for Hospitality Research Publications

Hotel demand in large urban markets does respond to changes in income, but that demand is relatively inelastic, according to an analysis of 22 top metropolitan areas in the United States. The analysis, made possible through Smith Travel Research, examined room-night demand for 480 individual hotels from 1989 through 2000 and compared that demand to a set of economic measures, including gross domestic product (GDP) and the consumer-confidence index (CCI). Rather than examine aggregate demand against GDP, for instance, the study took the unusual approach of examining the effects of income on each hotel's demand and then aggregated the ...


Report On The Independence Quality Control Systems Of The Four Reviewed Firms December 19, 2002, American Institute Of Certified Public Accountants. Sec Practice Section. Transition Oversight Staff Dec 2002

Report On The Independence Quality Control Systems Of The Four Reviewed Firms December 19, 2002, American Institute Of Certified Public Accountants. Sec Practice Section. Transition Oversight Staff

Association Sections, Divisions, Boards, Teams

Original copied from TOS Web site


Report Of The Independent Reporter On The Transition Oversight Staff’S Reviews Of The Independence Quality Control Systems Of The Four Reviewed Firms December 19, 2002, American Institute Of Certified Public Accountants. Sec Practice Section. Transition Oversight Staff Dec 2002

Report Of The Independent Reporter On The Transition Oversight Staff’S Reviews Of The Independence Quality Control Systems Of The Four Reviewed Firms December 19, 2002, American Institute Of Certified Public Accountants. Sec Practice Section. Transition Oversight Staff

Association Sections, Divisions, Boards, Teams

Original copied from TOS Web site


Trends. The Paradise Hotel Bombing: Trouble In Judicial Paradise, Ibpp Editor Dec 2002

Trends. The Paradise Hotel Bombing: Trouble In Judicial Paradise, Ibpp Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article discussed the bombing of the Kenyan Hotel Paradise in November 2002, and the detention of suspects.


Kondom Sambung Jumabo Wa.082133676003 Alat Kontrasepsi Terbaik, Clinic Perkasa Dec 2002

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An Evening With Cub Fans In Scotland: The Craigs Of Rockford, Richard C. Crepeau Dec 2002

An Evening With Cub Fans In Scotland: The Craigs Of Rockford, Richard C. Crepeau

On Sport and Society

Cub fans are a unique species. Attachment to losing is taken to a level of religious fanaticism by the Cub faithful. Of course the charm of the Cubs is not simply that they lose, but that they are lovable losers. This is what inspires undying devotion in their fans. Indeed if the Cubs were to do the improbable, nay the impossible, and win a World Series I suspect Cub fans would lose the essence of their Cubness.


Roone Arledge: A Tribute, Richard C. Crepeau Dec 2002

Roone Arledge: A Tribute, Richard C. Crepeau

On Sport and Society

The death of Roone Arledge this past week marks the passing of one those remarkable figures in recent history who had a major influence on mass culture in America. He changed the viewing habits of Americans, transformed the way in which television covers sport, altered the nature and character of American sport, and transformed the way in which television presents reality to the American public. For all of these reasons Roone Arledge cast a large shadow over America in the second half of the twentieth century.


A Grounded Theory Of The Leadership Process In A Large Government Bureaucracy, George K. Kriflik, R. Jones Dec 2002

A Grounded Theory Of The Leadership Process In A Large Government Bureaucracy, George K. Kriflik, R. Jones

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

This paper presents a theory of the leadership process within the particular substantive setting of a large government bureaucracy. The study organisation (labelled AGRO) possesses a dominant engineering culture and has a history characterised by non- tumultuous change. The research methodology of orthodox grounded theory was employed. The main concern of the participants was found to be a desire to close the gap between their current work reality and that level they perceived themselves to be capable of achieving. This was resolved through the basic social process of Minimising Attainment Deficit. Leadership aspects of charisma and vision where not evident ...


Quick Connections December 06, 2002, Blue Cross And Blue Shield Of Florida, Inc. Dec 2002

Quick Connections December 06, 2002, Blue Cross And Blue Shield Of Florida, Inc.

Florida Blue Archives Printed Materials

December 06, 2002 weekly newsletter published for employees of Blue Cross and Blues Shield of Florida. Box: 10 Folder: 95


2002-12-06, Morehead State University. Board Of Regents. Dec 2002

2002-12-06, Morehead State University. Board Of Regents.

Morehead State Board of Regents Agenda Books and Meeting Minutes

Morehead State University Board of Regents meeting minutes for December 6, 2002.


The Masters Of Hypocrisy: Hootie, Tiger, Cbs, And The Corporate Sponsors, Richard C. Crepeau Dec 2002

The Masters Of Hypocrisy: Hootie, Tiger, Cbs, And The Corporate Sponsors, Richard C. Crepeau

On Sport and Society

Could there be an issue more emblematic of the Bush Era in domestic affairs than the smoldering muck pile being stoked at the legendary Augusta National Golf Club, home of the Master’s and seat of hypocrisy in the “New” South? Maybe there is, but until it comes across my laptop this will do.


Strategic Brand Image Analysis For Heterogeneous Markets – Applying Dynamic Perceptions Based Market Segmentation (Dynpbms) To Dishwashing Brand Data, Sara Dolnicar Dec 2002

Strategic Brand Image Analysis For Heterogeneous Markets – Applying Dynamic Perceptions Based Market Segmentation (Dynpbms) To Dishwashing Brand Data, Sara Dolnicar

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

The aim of this article is to illustrate the usefulness of an exploratory tool called dynamic perceptions based market segmentation (dynPBMS, based on the PBMS approach introduced by Mazanec and Strasser (2000) and Buchta, Dolnicar and Reutterer (2000)) for the investigation of image patterns in the marketplace as well as structural changes of such patterns over time. As starting point for analysis typical brand image data is used: repeated surveys questioning respondents about their evaluation of multiple brands with regard to multiple attributes. The advantages of using dynPBMS as compared to traditional tools applied in market structure analysis include (1 ...


A Review Of Unquestioned Standards In Using Cluster Analysis For Data-Driven Market Segmentation, Sara Dolnicar Dec 2002

A Review Of Unquestioned Standards In Using Cluster Analysis For Data-Driven Market Segmentation, Sara Dolnicar

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Clustering is a highly popular and widely used tool for identifying or constructing databased market segments. Over decades of applying cluster analytical procedures for the purpose of searching for homogeneous subgroups among consumers, questionable standards of utilization have emerged, e.g. the non-explorative manner in which results from cluster analytic procedures are reported, the black-box approach ignoring crucial parameters of the algorithms applied or the lack of harmonization of methodology chosen and data conditions. The purpose of this study is threefold: (1) to investigate whether and which standards of application of cluster analysis have emerged in the academic marketing literature ...


Winning Isn’T Everything: Corruption In Sumo Wrestling, Mark Duggan, Steven D. Levitt Dec 2002

Winning Isn’T Everything: Corruption In Sumo Wrestling, Mark Duggan, Steven D. Levitt

Health Care Management Papers

Although theory on corruption is well developed, it has proven difficult to isolate corrupt behavior empirically. In this paper, we provide overwhelming statistical evidence documenting match rigging in Japanese sumo wrestling. A non-linearity in the incentive structure of promotion leads to gains from trade between wrestlers on the margin for achieving a winning record and their opponents. We show that wrestlers win a disproportionate share of the matches when they are on the margin. Collusion, rather than increased effort, appears to explain the results. Wrestlers who are victorious when needing a victory lose more often than would be expected the ...


Regulation Of The Global Marketplace For The Sake Of Health, Marion Danis, Amy J. Sepinwall Dec 2002

Regulation Of The Global Marketplace For The Sake Of Health, Marion Danis, Amy J. Sepinwall

Legal Studies and Business Ethics Papers

Mounting evidence suggests that socioeconomic status is a determinant of health. As nations around the globe increasingly rely on market-based economies, the corporate sector has come to have a powerful influence on the socioeconomic gradient in most nations and hence upon the health status of their populations. At the same time, it has become more difficult for any one nation to influence corporate activities, given the increasing ease with which corporations relocate their operations from country to country. As a result of all of these factors, nations wishing to assure the health of their populations will need to both involve ...


The Ripple Effect: Emotional Contagion And Its Influence On Group Behavior, Sigal G. Barsade Dec 2002

The Ripple Effect: Emotional Contagion And Its Influence On Group Behavior, Sigal G. Barsade

Management Papers

Group emotional contagion, the transfer of moods among people in a group, and its influence on work group dynamics was examined in a laboratory study of managerial decision making using multiple, convergent measures of mood, individual attitudes, behavior, and group-level dynamics. Using a 2 times 2 experimental design, with a trained confederate enacting mood conditions, the predicted effect of emotional contagion was found among group members, using both outside coders' ratings of participants' mood and participants' self-reported mood. No hypothesized differences in contagion effects due to the degree of pleasantness of the mood expressed and the energy level with which ...


Get Alarmed! Program Unveiled, American Red Cross Viewpoint Dec 2002

Get Alarmed! Program Unveiled, American Red Cross Viewpoint

MS055-02-0011 Articles - Fire and Smoke Detectors

An article about a free smoke alarm program from The Mile High Chapter of the American Red Cross


Forecasting With A Real-Time Data Set For Macroeconomists, Tom Stark, Dean D. Croushore Dec 2002

Forecasting With A Real-Time Data Set For Macroeconomists, Tom Stark, Dean D. Croushore

Economics Faculty Publications

This paper discusses how forecasts are affected by the use of real-time data rather than latest-available data. The key issue is this: in the literature on developing forecasting models, new models are put together based on the results they yield using the data set available to the model’s developer. But those are not the data that were available to a forecaster in real time.

How much difference does the vintage of the data make for such forecasts? We explore this issue with a variety of exercises designed to answer this question. In particular, we find that the use of ...


Factors That Enhance Consumer Trust In Human-Computer Interaction: An Examination Of Interface Factors And Moderating Influences, Eun-Ju Lee Dec 2002

Factors That Enhance Consumer Trust In Human-Computer Interaction: An Examination Of Interface Factors And Moderating Influences, Eun-Ju Lee

Doctoral Dissertations

The Internet coupled with agent technology presents a unique setting to examine consumer trust. Since the Internet is a relatively new, technically complex environment where human-computer interaction (HCI) is the basic communication modality, there is greater perception of risk facing consumers and hence a greater need for trust. In this dissertation, the notion of consumer trust was revisited and conceptually redefined adopting an integrative perspective. A critical test of trust theory revealed its cognitive (i.e., competence, information credibility), affective (i.e., benevolence), and intentional (i.e., trusting intention) constructs. The theoretical relationships among these trust constructs were confirmed through ...


Technical Communicators Beware: The Next Generation Of High-Tech Recruiting Methods, Roger Munger Dec 2002

Technical Communicators Beware: The Next Generation Of High-Tech Recruiting Methods, Roger Munger

English Faculty Publications and Presentations

This article presents an overview of how the internet has changed the way employers advertise vacancies and the way technical communicators search and apply for these openings. First, I explore the evolution of how employers have used the internet as a tool for identifying the best candidate for the job. Next, I review seven specific online recruiting strategies used by employers today. Finally, I describe major mistakes made by online job seekers and offer advice on how best to avoid or minimize these blunders. Included is a list of useful job search resources for technical communicators.


2002-12-00 Newsletter, Morehead State University. Board Of Regents. Dec 2002

2002-12-00 Newsletter, Morehead State University. Board Of Regents.

Morehead State Board of Regents Agenda Books and Meeting Minutes

No abstract provided.


Brands Across Borders: Determining Factors In Choosing Franchising Or Management Contracts For Entering International Markets, Chekitan S. Dev, M. Krishna Erramilli, Sanjeev Agarwal Dec 2002

Brands Across Borders: Determining Factors In Choosing Franchising Or Management Contracts For Entering International Markets, Chekitan S. Dev, M. Krishna Erramilli, Sanjeev Agarwal

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] Contractual arrangements such as franchises and management contracts have long been popular means by which hotel companies enter international markets. This study examines the factors that hotels consider in making the choice between expanding via franchises or with management contracts. The study takes into consideration a firm’s resources and skills, as well as some environmental factors that influence this choice.


Comparing Customer Satisfaction Across Industries And Countries, Michael D. Johnson, Andreas Herrmann, Anders Gustafsson Dec 2002

Comparing Customer Satisfaction Across Industries And Countries, Michael D. Johnson, Andreas Herrmann, Anders Gustafsson

Articles and Chapters

Although aggregate satisfaction measures continue to proliferate, their value in making broad-based comparisons remains unclear. This study uses arguments from the economics, psychology, sociology and marketing domains to predict systematic differences in aggregate customer satisfaction across both industries and countries. These predictions are tested using a database created from three broad-based national satisfaction surveys in Sweden, Germany and the United States. The results reveal that, across countries, satisfaction is highest for competitive products, lower for competitive services and retailers, and lower still for government and public agencies. However, the differences vary by country. Satisfaction is also predictably lower in Sweden ...


A Rationale For Meeting Quotas Asymmetrically, J. Patrick Meister, Robert S. Main Dec 2002

A Rationale For Meeting Quotas Asymmetrically, J. Patrick Meister, Robert S. Main

Scholarship and Professional Work - Business

Under certain conditions, otherwise identical, competing firms may find it jointly preferable to face differing degrees of trade barriers on individual products rather than symmetric trade barriers. The key is the ability to reduce marginal production cost via research and development. The economic significance of this insight is that there could be a role for a market for quota allotments. This insight also has applications to Voluntary Export Restraints in which a priori symmetric, restricted firms may prefer to have individual production levels allocated asymmetrically. This indicates the need for detailed studies of how quotas are met by individual firms ...


Capacity- And Demand-Management Decisions At A Ski Resort, Madeleine E. Pullman, Gary Thompson Dec 2002

Capacity- And Demand-Management Decisions At A Ski Resort, Madeleine E. Pullman, Gary Thompson

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] Capacity planning is a dominant issue when developing hospitality-operations strategies. From relatively small-scale settings such as restaurants to massive venues such as cruise ships and theme parks, managers face the same questions, such as: How can the service create the most revenue from a limited space and still keep the guests satisfied?; Should the business promote off-peak use at discount prices, add more capacity (at the risk of making guests feel crowded), or target marketing campaigns to those customer groups that might take advantage of underused facilities?; and Should the firm implement automated reservation technology to control queues for ...


Broadening The Foreign Market Entry Mode Decision: Separating Ownership And Control, James R. Brown, Chekitan Dev, Kevin Zheng Zhou Dec 2002

Broadening The Foreign Market Entry Mode Decision: Separating Ownership And Control, James R. Brown, Chekitan Dev, Kevin Zheng Zhou

Articles and Chapters

This paper argues that the ownership and control dimensions of foreign market entry mode choice should be separated, and that foreign market entry mode decisions should be expanded to business activities beyond production and distribution. Empirical results from the global hotel industry indicate that the transferability of the entrant’s competitive advantages, the local market’s absorptive capacity, and the availability of trustworthy local partners differentially affect the ownership and control dimensions of the entry mode decision.


Understanding Customer Choices: A Key To Successful Management Of Hospitality Services, Rohit Verma, Gerhard Plaschka, Jordan J. Louviere Dec 2002

Understanding Customer Choices: A Key To Successful Management Of Hospitality Services, Rohit Verma, Gerhard Plaschka, Jordan J. Louviere

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] We know that hospitality customers usually make purchases by simultaneously evaluating several criteria. A typical buying decision might take into account service quality, delivery speed, price, and any special buying incentives, for instance. It is imperative that businesses take into account customer preferences and choices when making decisions regarding product and service attributes. Managers need to understand how customers integrate, value, and trade off different product and service attributes. By the same token, information about customer demands and preferences must be incorporated into the design and day-to-day management of service-delivery processes.

In this paper we describe a particularly effective ...


From Here To There: Cq’S Review And Publication Practices, Michael C. Sturman Dec 2002

From Here To There: Cq’S Review And Publication Practices, Michael C. Sturman

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] With this, my second issue as editor Cornell Hotel and Restaurant Administration Quarterly, I will take the opportunity to provide some derailed information on the process through which manuscripts are submitted and editorial decisions ultimately made. I am hopeful that this will prove useful to potential writers for Cornell Quarterly, and may also be informative to readers who want to know more about how papers get chosen for this journal.