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2014

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Articles 1 - 30 of 947

Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Seeing Red: Characterizing Historic Bricks At Sylvester Manor, Long Island, Ny 1652-1735, Martin John Schmidheiny Dec 2014

Seeing Red: Characterizing Historic Bricks At Sylvester Manor, Long Island, Ny 1652-1735, Martin John Schmidheiny

Graduate Masters Theses

The goal of this project is to develop a basic material characterization of the bricks excavated at the site of Sylvester Manor on Shelter Island, New York. In the early Manor period of 1650-1690, this early Northern provisioning plantation supplied Barbadian sugar operations and pursued mercantile interests independent of state control. Accounting for the range of production defects and material characteristics of the bricks suggests on-site or local manufacture as a regional ceramic industry developed. Qualitative visual analysis and petrographic thin-sections were used to characterize the internal composition, variation and production evidence in the bricks. Interpreting the results of this ...


Value For Money In Project Procurement, Michael Regan Dec 2014

Value For Money In Project Procurement, Michael Regan

Faculty of Society and Design Publications

Extract: Public private partnerships are a method for the delivery of social and economic infrastructure services in over 80 countries worldwide. PPPs are a contractual arrangement between public and private entities through which the skills, assets and/or financial resources of both sectors are allocated in such a manner that provides optimal service delivery and good value to society. The international evidence suggests that public private partnership procurement methods using value for money evaluation criteria are delivering better infrastructure services at lower cost than traditional procurement methods.


A Sustainable Design Method Acting As An Innovation Tool, Jeremy Faludi Dec 2014

A Sustainable Design Method Acting As An Innovation Tool, Jeremy Faludi

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Articles

Product companies generally see sustainability as a burden limiting their design process, similar to cost or safety limits. A method for sustainable design was created, attempting to turn sustainability from a burden into an innovation tool with inherent business value. The method combines creative whole-systems thinking with quantitative sustainability metrics. It facilitates innovation by the creation of visual whole-system maps that encourage more thorough and more radical brainstorming. It facilitates sustainability by using quantitative measurements, such as lifecycle assessment or point-based certification systems, to set priorities and choose final designs. The method has been anecdotally tested in classes at four ...


Developing A New Urban Quarter At Grangegorman, Dublin: The Role Of Planning In Its Successful Delivery, Terry Prendergast Dec 2014

Developing A New Urban Quarter At Grangegorman, Dublin: The Role Of Planning In Its Successful Delivery, Terry Prendergast

Articles

This paper discussed the role of urban planning in achieving successful urban regeneration. It focuses on a specific regeneration project in Dublin’s inner city, the Grangegorman development, which relocates, on a phased basis, the Dublin Institute of Technology’s c.40 buildings on dispersed sites within Dublin City to a single 29 hectare site. The development also provides health facilities for the Health Service Executive, in addition to community and recreational uses and commercial development. Urban planning has played a critical role in the delivery of the project and in securing Government support and funding. This paper describes the ...


Coastal Land Loss And Collaborative Resource Governance: The Case Of Plaquemines Parish, Louisiana, Nandini Seth Dec 2014

Coastal Land Loss And Collaborative Resource Governance: The Case Of Plaquemines Parish, Louisiana, Nandini Seth

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

The research, presented here, is about the collaborative governance and adaptive management in coastal planning efforts of Louisiana. Fundamental conflict, between the idea of environmental conservation and developmental growth, has always existed in the coastal regions. The presence of the large number of environmental laws, at various levels of government and their different management objectives for utilization of coastal resources, requires study of intergovernmental relationship. Taking Plaquemines Parish as a case in point, this thesis will, therefore, review the critical restoration plans for intergovernmental coordination and conflicts. It will also provide recommendations, for elected representatives and policy makers, with an ...


Leed Certification Of Campus Buildings: A Cost-Benefit Approach, Erin Ann Hopkins Dec 2014

Leed Certification Of Campus Buildings: A Cost-Benefit Approach, Erin Ann Hopkins

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

No comprehensive study has been done within the higher education sector to see if Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) certification makes sense economically. This study helps fill the gaps in the literature by providing construction costs and energy and water costs for a sample of campus LEED-certified buildings within the United States. Finding out if campus greening makes sense economically from a full lifecycle standpoint can help address possible upfront green premium barriers. This study found that there is an upfront green premium for LEED-certified campus buildings. However, when looking at LEED-certified campus buildings from a building lifecycle ...


Research And Inhabited Image (Ria): A Spatial Hypothesis, Sveva Avveduto, Fabio Fornasari Dec 2014

Research And Inhabited Image (Ria): A Spatial Hypothesis, Sveva Avveduto, Fabio Fornasari

The STEAM Journal

This paper discusses the possibility of representing research activity as a narrative path starting from an experimentation field. The aim is to test and verify connections between social space and the construction of images of the world through the building and perception of specific language in the narrative dimension of research. The field work we present has been carried out as an installation art in Borromini’s Crypt in Rome, and is the example of rendering the story-dimension of research through a medium, a narrative technology in constant progress and evolution. In this way research activity can be presented as ...


Wind And Thermal Effects On Ground Mounted Photovoltaic (Pv) Panels, Chowdhury Mohammad Jubayer Dec 2014

Wind And Thermal Effects On Ground Mounted Photovoltaic (Pv) Panels, Chowdhury Mohammad Jubayer

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

A combination of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulations and wind tunnel experiments are carried out to investigate the effects of wind on the aerodynamic loading and heat transfer of a ground mounted stand-alone photovoltaic (PV) panel with tilt angle of 25o in open country atmospheric boundary layer. Several azimuthal wind directions are considered: Southern 0o, Southwest 45o, Northwest 135o and Northern 180o. Three dimensional Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) approaches with an unsteady solver using Shear Stress Transport (SST) k-ω turbulence closure are employed for the CFD simulations, whereas Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) and Hot Wire Anemometry ...


Composite Index As A Way Of Measuring Economic Distress In Nebraska, Cornelius S. Okumu Dec 2014

Composite Index As A Way Of Measuring Economic Distress In Nebraska, Cornelius S. Okumu

Community and Regional Planning Program: Student Projects and Theses

The Nebraska state department of economic development, just like any other state’s department of economic development in the United States receives funding for economic development programs. These programs are mostly geared toward revitalizing economic situations of villages, cities or counties that are under economic distress. The purpose of this paper is to assess how the Nebraska Department of Economic Development (NEDED) currently measure distress in Nebraska Counties, and develop composite distress indexes that might improve the measure, interpretation and use of Economic distress index to help in their allocation of Economic development resources to Nebraska counties.

Advisor: Rodrigo Cantarero


Attribute-Based Risk Model For Assessing Risk To Industrial Construction Tasks, Marc Prades Dec 2014

Attribute-Based Risk Model For Assessing Risk To Industrial Construction Tasks, Marc Prades

Civil Engineering Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Due the saturation of the traditional injury prevention strategies in the industry, risk-based safety innovations are emerging. However, application of risk-based strategies is very limited because: (1) there is a dearth of robust empirical databases; (2) the granularity of risk analysis methods is limited to trade/task-level risks; and (3) interactions among risk factors is not considered. In order to address these limitations, this thesis focuses on quantifying attribute-level risks for industrial construction projects using empirical data contained in 1,611 injury reports. An iterative content analysis was employed with a team of analysts in order to identify attributes, outcomes ...


Geometry Of Faith: A Stereotomic Reconstruction Of Sainte-Anne-La-Royale In Paris, Giuseppe Mazzone Dec 2014

Geometry Of Faith: A Stereotomic Reconstruction Of Sainte-Anne-La-Royale In Paris, Giuseppe Mazzone

Theses and Dissertations

Planned during the XVIIth century by the Italian architect Guarino Guarini, the church of Sainte-Anne-la-Royale was supposed to be built in Paris to honor the French Queen Anne of Austria. In an unfortunate twist of fate the church was only partially realized and later destroyed. Present history's only memory comes in three engravings by Guarino Guarini himself: a plan, a transversal section, and the main elevation.

An example of Italian Baroque Architecture, the building shines for its intriguing plan and complex system of vaults. Its execution was supposed to be realized according to the refined techniques of French stereotomy ...


Subdivided Windows With Mixed Shading Devices: A Daylighting Solution For Effective Integration Of Occupants Into The Building Environmental Control, Leyla Sanati Dec 2014

Subdivided Windows With Mixed Shading Devices: A Daylighting Solution For Effective Integration Of Occupants Into The Building Environmental Control, Leyla Sanati

Theses and Dissertations

Daylighting is one of the most challenging aspects of an ecological building design. The dynamic nature of daylight along with a wide range of individual preferences makes it a complex design issue. The art of daylighting relies on fine-tuning a delicate balance between admitting sufficient daylight for occupant well being and task performance and preventing glare and over heating. These goals are rarely achieved in buildings where fenestration design is reduced to an opening with an interior blind due to occupants' infrequent shade operation. To address this problem, a number of automatic shading devices have been developed to be integrated ...


"Future City In The Heroic Past: Rome, Romans, And Roman Landscapes In Aeneid 6–8", Eric Kondratieff Dec 2014

"Future City In The Heroic Past: Rome, Romans, And Roman Landscapes In Aeneid 6–8", Eric Kondratieff

History Faculty Publications

From the Intro: “Arms and the Man I sing…” So Vergil begins his epic tale of Aeneas, who overcomes tremendous obstacles to find and establish a new home for his wandering band of Trojan refugees. Were it metrically possible, Vergil could have begun with “Cities and the Man I sing,” for Aeneas’ quest for a new home involves encounters with cities of all types: ancient and new, great and small, real and unreal. These include Dido’s Carthaginian boomtown (1.419–494), Helenus’ humble neo-Troy (3.349–353) and Latinus’ lofty citadel (7.149–192). Of course, central to his ...


Urbicidio O La Producción Del Olvido, Fernando Carrión Mena Arq. Dec 2014

Urbicidio O La Producción Del Olvido, Fernando Carrión Mena Arq.

Fernando Carrión Mena

Se puede afirmar que se trata de un concepto (urbicidio) en construcción que tiene que ver con el asesinato litúrgico de las urbes cuando se producen agresiones y acciones con premeditación, orden y forma explicita. Es decir, se trata del asesinato o de la violencia en contra de la ciudad por razones urbanas.


Big Urban Things, Nathan Geller Dec 2014

Big Urban Things, Nathan Geller

Architecture Thesis Prep

This project has evolved from an interest in architecture’s role and impact in the city, as well as a developing interest in the philosophy of Object Oriented Ontology. As a way to explore these interests, this project is about contextualizing Bigness through the writings of Graham Harman.


Shrine Analysis, Anastasia Benko Dec 2014

Shrine Analysis, Anastasia Benko

Architecture Thesis Prep

Shrines are used throughout different cultures to mark graves, sites of importance, and or events that may have occurred, and any number of things that may holds significance to an individual or a group of people. The interest in studying these constructs, however, comes from the shared aesthetic qualities that are utilized in many different families of shrines to create a sense of spirituality, or more specifically, to create a heightened awareness of an individual’s understanding of him/her self. Architecture can learn from the vernacular of shrines in order to understand the inherent spirituality of a structure. This ...


Curated Disorders, Nathanael Bengio Dec 2014

Curated Disorders, Nathanael Bengio

Architecture Thesis Prep

By using the techniques of contradiction that existed in Dadaism fused with those of psychoanalysis and defamiliarization in Surrealism and Nouveau-Realism, my thesis examines the possibility of an architectural typology that critiques hyper-functionalities, anonymous ornament and the general facelessness of most commercialized architecture today. Within the context of a Haussmannian facade will be created a simple matrix that allows for the displacement of architectural elements in and out of their intended contexts leading to the curation of the reverse, the disordered twin.


Parking, Alyssa Francis Dec 2014

Parking, Alyssa Francis

Architecture Thesis Prep

This project re-conceptualizes the parking garage structure from a building type deemed as an utilitarian object, to a multi-functioning public service provider, to not only store cars for the individual but also as an infrastructured platform for providing urban amenity, providing much needed urban public space. This structure looks at the concept of garage to look beyond its normative function of purely car storage, and sees the potential of using the building both with and without vehicles, to ultimately act as a form of urban rehabilitation.


Violent Growth, Leandro Cortez Dec 2014

Violent Growth, Leandro Cortez

Architecture Thesis Prep

Generating mix-use program to meet the housing, economic, and nutritive needs of rural migrants to the "urban periphery."


Obsolete Architecture: Revitalization Along A Spectrum Of Utility, Garrett Goodridge Dec 2014

Obsolete Architecture: Revitalization Along A Spectrum Of Utility, Garrett Goodridge

Architecture Thesis Prep

I am interested in understanding the potential contemporary significance of currently obsolete infrastructures in architecture. I am also claiming that architecture exists along a spectrum of utility. It is insinuated that obsolete architecture is subjugated to one side of the spectrum (uselessness), however, it is not yet (completely) dead. It instead exists in a middle ground between useless and useful. I am contending to exploit the extremes, and in doing so, drawing attention to the ambiguity of the obsolete architecture at hand in effort to generate modern functionality.


Dwelling In Density: A Study On High Density Residential Architecture, David Domke Dec 2014

Dwelling In Density: A Study On High Density Residential Architecture, David Domke

Architecture Thesis Prep

This thesis aims to propose an high density plan for Philadelphia by cataloging existing vacancy levels, define variously dense formal typologies within these vacancies, and strategically implement high-density architectures within the existing urban fabric to accomodate future growth.


Contemporary Sacred Space, George Guarino Iii Dec 2014

Contemporary Sacred Space, George Guarino Iii

Architecture Thesis Prep

I’m interested in the kind of constituency that thinks something along these lines: that

thinks, “I can’t believe in any of this stuff. I can’t believe in the doctrines. I don’t think these

doctrines are right. But,” a very important but, “I love Christmas carols. I really like the art

of Mantegna. I really like looking at old churches. I really like turning the pages of the Old

Testament.” Whatever it may be, you know the kind of thing I’m talking about -- people

who are attracted to the ritualistic side, the moralistic, communal side of ...


Perfomance Pedagogy, Dana Hareli Dec 2014

Perfomance Pedagogy, Dana Hareli

Architecture Thesis Prep

The deterioration of performance-based learning in contemporary educational practices, fostering one-to-one teaching models, prompts a discussion of the implications of theatricality on design education and the role of performance pedagogy in the architectural discipline. The Montessori method of education is a child-centered educational approach, which views the child as eager and capable of initiating learning in a supportive and prepared learning environment


Active Density: Stimulating The Urban Domain In High-Rise Social Housing Developments, Heather Dela Cruz Dec 2014

Active Density: Stimulating The Urban Domain In High-Rise Social Housing Developments, Heather Dela Cruz

Architecture Thesis Prep

I propose to retain the benefits of vertical housing and improve upon it by

up-zoning the block and building low-rise, high-density mixed-income structures

on the site’s perimeter. The new construction will include public amenities that are

lacking in the immediate area such as retail, restaurants, work space, and public

service facilities. Through adaptive re-use of mega blocks will be reclaimed. This

mixed-use approach to the expanded occupancy will also restore the diversity that

was lost when the towers were first built.


Compact Community, Abdulrazzak Alanjari Dec 2014

Compact Community, Abdulrazzak Alanjari

Architecture Thesis Prep

Small and compact spaces achieve a certain lightness

and “smallness” that large-scale architecture obviously

cannot achieve. The contention for my thesis is to explicitly

study the obsession with the large in Kuwait and

reasons for it, which might include climate, expanses of

land, and rapid oil industry development. By doing so,

a new typology for small spaces can be introduced in

Kuwait City and integrated into Al Sawaber Residential

community, the site, by expanding on certain elements

unique to the foreign labor communities and formally

creating spaces for that community, since they tend to

live with so little (space, luxuries ...


Hedonic Architecture: Coexistance Of Hyper Stimulating And Hypo Stimulating Experiences, Rossitza Iovtcheva Dec 2014

Hedonic Architecture: Coexistance Of Hyper Stimulating And Hypo Stimulating Experiences, Rossitza Iovtcheva

Architecture Thesis Prep

This thesis proposes that rehabilitating effects can be achieved through natural stimulation facilitated by the architectural design. It argues that while hospital design requires stress reduction to improve healing, a polar experience of hyper stimulation is also necessary for a substance abuser in order to yield a decrease of relapse rates.


Architecture Connects, Ryan Desilva Dec 2014

Architecture Connects, Ryan Desilva

Architecture Thesis Prep

The envelope is the transaction zone between the ideal climate and the natural climate. The envelope has an important use as a driver for adaptive building use.


Energy Modeling And Implementation Of Complex Building Systems, Kurt Rogler Dec 2014

Energy Modeling And Implementation Of Complex Building Systems, Kurt Rogler

Architecture Thesis Prep

Complex/dynamic systems and technologies

are gaining traction in architecture, but accurate

analysis and simulation of conflicting dynamic

systems within a building model has yet to be

achieved. Most ideas of analysis and simulation

revolve around a set process: model one instance

of a building (i.e. without changing parameters)

and analyze in a separate program. The use of a

parametric base for analysis/simulation plugins,

as well as an easily manipulatable and responsive

model would not only further the accuracy of

testing the effects of multiple dynamic systems, but

become a new tool that merges model, behavior,

analysis and ...


Beyond Vision: Designing For The Deaf, Kristen Charters Dec 2014

Beyond Vision: Designing For The Deaf, Kristen Charters

Architecture Thesis Prep

I propose a Deaf/Hearing Cultural Center as a means of testing these relationships. The center would enable the increased awareness of Deaf culture by the Hearing population while providing a space for the Deaf community. The varied programs of a cultural center would enable the investigation of a sensory architecture in combination with the social aspects of being Deaf.


Augmenting The Third Teacher, Christina Hoover Dec 2014

Augmenting The Third Teacher, Christina Hoover

Architecture Thesis Prep

This thesis explores the formal and material design potentials of the school and contends that for it to adapt to the needs of today’s techno-centric youth, dynamic and responsive materials should be integrated to enhance the environmental quality of spaces for a child’s developmental benefit.