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2014

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Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Ua1c11/55 Gordon Wilson Photo Collection, Wku Archives Dec 2014

Ua1c11/55 Gordon Wilson Photo Collection, Wku Archives

WKU Archives Collection Inventories

Photographs taken by and of Gordon Wilson.


Seeing Red: Characterizing Historic Bricks At Sylvester Manor, Long Island, Ny 1652-1735, Martin John Schmidheiny Dec 2014

Seeing Red: Characterizing Historic Bricks At Sylvester Manor, Long Island, Ny 1652-1735, Martin John Schmidheiny

Graduate Masters Theses

The goal of this project is to develop a basic material characterization of the bricks excavated at the site of Sylvester Manor on Shelter Island, New York. In the early Manor period of 1650-1690, this early Northern provisioning plantation supplied Barbadian sugar operations and pursued mercantile interests independent of state control. Accounting for the range of production defects and material characteristics of the bricks suggests on-site or local manufacture as a regional ceramic industry developed. Qualitative visual analysis and petrographic thin-sections were used to characterize the internal composition, variation and production evidence in the bricks. Interpreting the results of this …


A Sustainable Design Method Acting As An Innovation Tool, Jeremy Faludi Dec 2014

A Sustainable Design Method Acting As An Innovation Tool, Jeremy Faludi

Dartmouth Scholarship

Product companies generally see sustainability as a burden limiting their design process, similar to cost or safety limits. A method for sustainable design was created, attempting to turn sustainability from a burden into an innovation tool with inherent business value. The method combines creative whole-systems thinking with quantitative sustainability metrics. It facilitates innovation by the creation of visual whole-system maps that encourage more thorough and more radical brainstorming. It facilitates sustainability by using quantitative measurements, such as lifecycle assessment or point-based certification systems, to set priorities and choose final designs. The method has been anecdotally tested in classes at four …


Developing A New Urban Quarter At Grangegorman, Dublin: The Role Of Planning In Its Successful Delivery, Terry Prendergast Dec 2014

Developing A New Urban Quarter At Grangegorman, Dublin: The Role Of Planning In Its Successful Delivery, Terry Prendergast

Articles

This paper discussed the role of urban planning in achieving successful urban regeneration. It focuses on a specific regeneration project in Dublin’s inner city, the Grangegorman development, which relocates, on a phased basis, the Technological University Dublin’s c.40 buildings on dispersed sites within Dublin City to a single 29 hectare site. The development also provides health facilities for the Health Service Executive, in addition to community and recreational uses and commercial development. Urban planning has played a critical role in the delivery of the project and in securing Government support and funding. This paper describes the importance of project vision, …


Coastal Land Loss And Collaborative Resource Governance: The Case Of Plaquemines Parish, Louisiana, Nandini Seth Dec 2014

Coastal Land Loss And Collaborative Resource Governance: The Case Of Plaquemines Parish, Louisiana, Nandini Seth

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

The research, presented here, is about the collaborative governance and adaptive management in coastal planning efforts of Louisiana. Fundamental conflict, between the idea of environmental conservation and developmental growth, has always existed in the coastal regions. The presence of the large number of environmental laws, at various levels of government and their different management objectives for utilization of coastal resources, requires study of intergovernmental relationship. Taking Plaquemines Parish as a case in point, this thesis will, therefore, review the critical restoration plans for intergovernmental coordination and conflicts. It will also provide recommendations, for elected representatives and policy makers, with an …


Leed Certification Of Campus Buildings: A Cost-Benefit Approach, Erin Ann Hopkins Dec 2014

Leed Certification Of Campus Buildings: A Cost-Benefit Approach, Erin Ann Hopkins

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

No comprehensive study has been done within the higher education sector to see if Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) certification makes sense economically. This study helps fill the gaps in the literature by providing construction costs and energy and water costs for a sample of campus LEED-certified buildings within the United States. Finding out if campus greening makes sense economically from a full lifecycle standpoint can help address possible upfront green premium barriers. This study found that there is an upfront green premium for LEED-certified campus buildings. However, when looking at LEED-certified campus buildings from a building lifecycle …


Research And Inhabited Image (Ria): A Spatial Hypothesis, Sveva Avveduto, Fabio Fornasari Dec 2014

Research And Inhabited Image (Ria): A Spatial Hypothesis, Sveva Avveduto, Fabio Fornasari

The STEAM Journal

This paper discusses the possibility of representing research activity as a narrative path starting from an experimentation field. The aim is to test and verify connections between social space and the construction of images of the world through the building and perception of specific language in the narrative dimension of research. The field work we present has been carried out as an installation art in Borromini’s Crypt in Rome, and is the example of rendering the story-dimension of research through a medium, a narrative technology in constant progress and evolution. In this way research activity can be presented as ascent …


Wind And Thermal Effects On Ground Mounted Photovoltaic (Pv) Panels, Chowdhury Mohammad Jubayer Dec 2014

Wind And Thermal Effects On Ground Mounted Photovoltaic (Pv) Panels, Chowdhury Mohammad Jubayer

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

A combination of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulations and wind tunnel experiments are carried out to investigate the effects of wind on the aerodynamic loading and heat transfer of a ground mounted stand-alone photovoltaic (PV) panel with tilt angle of 25o in open country atmospheric boundary layer. Several azimuthal wind directions are considered: Southern 0o, Southwest 45o, Northwest 135o and Northern 180o. Three dimensional Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) approaches with an unsteady solver using Shear Stress Transport (SST) k-ω turbulence closure are employed for the CFD simulations, whereas Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) and …


Composite Index As A Way Of Measuring Economic Distress In Nebraska, Cornelius S. Okumu Dec 2014

Composite Index As A Way Of Measuring Economic Distress In Nebraska, Cornelius S. Okumu

Community and Regional Planning Program: Student Projects and Theses

The Nebraska state department of economic development, just like any other state’s department of economic development in the United States receives funding for economic development programs. These programs are mostly geared toward revitalizing economic situations of villages, cities or counties that are under economic distress. The purpose of this paper is to assess how the Nebraska Department of Economic Development (NEDED) currently measure distress in Nebraska Counties, and develop composite distress indexes that might improve the measure, interpretation and use of Economic distress index to help in their allocation of Economic development resources to Nebraska counties.

Advisor: Rodrigo Cantarero


Urbicidio O La Producción Del Olvido, Fernando Carrión Mena Arq. Dec 2014

Urbicidio O La Producción Del Olvido, Fernando Carrión Mena Arq.

Fernando Carrión Mena

Se puede afirmar que se trata de un concepto (urbicidio) en construcción que tiene que ver con el asesinato litúrgico de las urbes cuando se producen agresiones y acciones con premeditación, orden y forma explicita. Es decir, se trata del asesinato o de la violencia en contra de la ciudad por razones urbanas.


An Urban Continuing Care Retirement Community Of The Twenty First Century, Michael W. Isaac Dec 2014

An Urban Continuing Care Retirement Community Of The Twenty First Century, Michael W. Isaac

Theses from the Architecture Program

Maximizing the land-use potential in crowded urban areas by the creation of mixed-use developments built in a high-rise format is more important than ever. In urban environments with high building density the little land that does become available for development must be utilized in a manner not only efficient, but to meet the needs of the community it is constructed within. As the baby boomer generation enters retirement, the senior housing market will experience growth to accommodate the need. Developing senior housing that will provide desirable attributes expected by this generation is necessary. In the urban environment the development of …


Finding Addison Mizner: His Scrapbook Testimony, Suzanne B. Kane Asid Dec 2014

Finding Addison Mizner: His Scrapbook Testimony, Suzanne B. Kane Asid

Theses from the Architecture Program

Through historic archival research, this study focuses on the works of Florida architect Addison Mizner (1872-1933), credited with bringing Spanish/Mediterranean Revival architecture to Palm Beach, Florida in the early 20th century. This thesis is the first to study the works of Mizner through the perspective of his personal scrapbooks. In a state of advanced deterioration, Mizner’s scrapbooks are currently housed in Society of the Four Arts, King Library in Palm Beach, Florida. While a rare and treasured source of their own accord, the importance of the scrapbooks is elevated by the fact that many of Mizner’s buildings have been …


Designing Acoustics For Linguistically Diverse Classrooms: Effects Of Background Noise, Reverberation And Talker Foreign Accent On Speech Comprehension By Native And Non-Native English-Speaking Listeners, Z. Ellen Peng Dec 2014

Designing Acoustics For Linguistically Diverse Classrooms: Effects Of Background Noise, Reverberation And Talker Foreign Accent On Speech Comprehension By Native And Non-Native English-Speaking Listeners, Z. Ellen Peng

Dissertations and Student Research: Architectural Engineering

The current classroom acoustics standard (ANSI S12.60-2010) recommends core learning spaces not to exceed background noise level (BNL) of 35 dBA and reverberation time (RT) of 0.6 second, based on speech intelligibility performance mainly by the native English-speaking population. Existing literature has not correlated these recommended values well with student learning outcomes. With a growing population of non-native English speakers in American classrooms, the special needs for perceiving degraded speech among non-native listeners, either due to realistic room acoustics or talker foreign accent, have not been addressed in the current standard. This research seeks to investigate the effects of BNL …


Determining Thresholds Of Annoyance To Tones In Noise, Jennifer Marie Francis Dec 2014

Determining Thresholds Of Annoyance To Tones In Noise, Jennifer Marie Francis

Dissertations and Student Research: Architectural Engineering

Building services equipment often produce noise with prominent tones that can lead to complaints from occupants in the built environment. Previous studies have investigated human perception to tones in noise but it is still unclear at what threshold of prominence these tones lead to human annoyance. The goal of this research is to apply two different methods towards defining thresholds of annoyance to two tonal frequencies: 125 Hz and 500 Hz. In Method I – Direct Assessment with Task, subjects are exposed to 10 minutes of broadband noise with a tonal frequency set at a certain level of prominence while …


Geometry Of Faith: A Stereotomic Reconstruction Of Sainte-Anne-La-Royale In Paris, Giuseppe Mazzone Dec 2014

Geometry Of Faith: A Stereotomic Reconstruction Of Sainte-Anne-La-Royale In Paris, Giuseppe Mazzone

Theses and Dissertations

Planned during the XVIIth century by the Italian architect Guarino Guarini, the church of Sainte-Anne-la-Royale was supposed to be built in Paris to honor the French Queen Anne of Austria. In an unfortunate twist of fate the church was only partially realized and later destroyed. Present history's only memory comes in three engravings by Guarino Guarini himself: a plan, a transversal section, and the main elevation.

An example of Italian Baroque Architecture, the building shines for its intriguing plan and complex system of vaults. Its execution was supposed to be realized according to the refined techniques of French stereotomy. Faithful …


Examine The Role Of Social Media And Volunteered Geographic Information In 2014’S California Drought, Ligang Zhang Dec 2014

Examine The Role Of Social Media And Volunteered Geographic Information In 2014’S California Drought, Ligang Zhang

Community and Regional Planning Program: Student Projects and Theses

Abstract

Social media encompasses online communication platforms. Presently, it has been involved in the management and mitigation of crises and disasters. The paper discusses the use of social meida and Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI) in the management of the 2014’s California drought. The significance of social media and volunteered geographic information is emphasized in the study. As well as factors that influence the suitability of the two, social media and voluntary geographic information in the whole process of managing the California drought are also explored. The SWOT (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats) analysis of one-way info-sharing, two-way info-sharing, rumor control, reconnection, …


Ndertesë Kulturore –Galeri E Arteve Pamore, Edona Klaiqi Dec 2014

Ndertesë Kulturore –Galeri E Arteve Pamore, Edona Klaiqi

Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Objekt Edukativo-Arsimor Shkolla E Mesme Teknike 14 Klaseshe, Besarta Elezaj Dec 2014

Objekt Edukativo-Arsimor Shkolla E Mesme Teknike 14 Klaseshe, Besarta Elezaj

Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Spiatal I Hemodializes, Nexhmije Nuza Dec 2014

Spiatal I Hemodializes, Nexhmije Nuza

Theses and Dissertations

Çfarë është hemodializa? Hemodializa është një mënyrë për të pastruar gjakun dhe për të hequr peshën e tepërt që ka fituar trupi. Gjate dializës gjaku kalon në një drejtim dhe në drejtimin e kundërt kalon dializuesi, në këtë mënyrë filtri i përdorur pastron gjakun dhe heq kilet e tepërta. Gjaku i pastruar rikthehet në trup. Sa kohë zgjat një seancë hemodialize? Hemodializa kryhet në qendra të specializuara. Një seancë hemodialize zgjat nga 3 orë deri në 5 orë. Seancat kryhen tre herë në javë. Për shpeshtësinë e seancave tuaja vendos mjeku juaj i dializës. Gjate seancës së dializës pacientat mund …


Kompleks Banesor, Marigona Dragusha Dec 2014

Kompleks Banesor, Marigona Dragusha

Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Ndertesë Edukative-Banimore: Qerdhe & Kopësht Për Fëmijë, Leotrina Hoxhaj Dec 2014

Ndertesë Edukative-Banimore: Qerdhe & Kopësht Për Fëmijë, Leotrina Hoxhaj

Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Objekt Kulturoro Fetar, Ideal Kolshi Dec 2014

Objekt Kulturoro Fetar, Ideal Kolshi

Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Objektet E Banimit – Villa -“N’Katror”, Shkumbin Isufi Dec 2014

Objektet E Banimit – Villa -“N’Katror”, Shkumbin Isufi

Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Facilitating Change In The Housing Industry Toward Universal Design, Brittnie Miller Dec 2014

Facilitating Change In The Housing Industry Toward Universal Design, Brittnie Miller

Interior Design Program: Theses

The intent of this thesis is to provide an introductory guide for interior designers, homeowners, builders, and those interested in the concepts of universal design. It is tailored to the target markets of interior design and those within the ho using industry, but leaves an open conversation to create a relationship between the housing industry and homeowners.

Looking at the history of universal design and how it has evolved through the years will give readers a beginning point to start a comparison of the residential design standards and universal design measurements. Using the comparison, case studies will be reviewed and …


Subdivided Windows With Mixed Shading Devices: A Daylighting Solution For Effective Integration Of Occupants Into The Building Environmental Control, Leyla Sanati Dec 2014

Subdivided Windows With Mixed Shading Devices: A Daylighting Solution For Effective Integration Of Occupants Into The Building Environmental Control, Leyla Sanati

Theses and Dissertations

Daylighting is one of the most challenging aspects of an ecological building design. The dynamic nature of daylight along with a wide range of individual preferences makes it a complex design issue. The art of daylighting relies on fine-tuning a delicate balance between admitting sufficient daylight for occupant well being and task performance and preventing glare and over heating. These goals are rarely achieved in buildings where fenestration design is reduced to an opening with an interior blind due to occupants' infrequent shade operation. To address this problem, a number of automatic shading devices have been developed to be integrated …


The Green Factor, Hillary Tung Dec 2014

The Green Factor, Hillary Tung

City and Regional Planning

No abstract provided.


Parking, Alyssa Francis Dec 2014

Parking, Alyssa Francis

Architecture Thesis Prep

This project re-conceptualizes the parking garage structure from a building type deemed as an utilitarian object, to a multi-functioning public service provider, to not only store cars for the individual but also as an infrastructured platform for providing urban amenity, providing much needed urban public space. This structure looks at the concept of garage to look beyond its normative function of purely car storage, and sees the potential of using the building both with and without vehicles, to ultimately act as a form of urban rehabilitation.


Hedonic Architecture: Coexistance Of Hyper Stimulating And Hypo Stimulating Experiences, Rossitza Iovtcheva Dec 2014

Hedonic Architecture: Coexistance Of Hyper Stimulating And Hypo Stimulating Experiences, Rossitza Iovtcheva

Architecture Thesis Prep

This thesis proposes that rehabilitating effects can be achieved through natural stimulation facilitated by the architectural design. It argues that while hospital design requires stress reduction to improve healing, a polar experience of hyper stimulation is also necessary for a substance abuser in order to yield a decrease of relapse rates.


Energy Modeling And Implementation Of Complex Building Systems, Kurt Rogler Dec 2014

Energy Modeling And Implementation Of Complex Building Systems, Kurt Rogler

Architecture Thesis Prep

Complex/dynamic systems and technologies

are gaining traction in architecture, but accurate

analysis and simulation of conflicting dynamic

systems within a building model has yet to be

achieved. Most ideas of analysis and simulation

revolve around a set process: model one instance

of a building (i.e. without changing parameters)

and analyze in a separate program. The use of a

parametric base for analysis/simulation plugins,

as well as an easily manipulatable and responsive

model would not only further the accuracy of

testing the effects of multiple dynamic systems, but

become a new tool that merges model, behavior,

analysis and simulation to strive …


Curated Disorders, Nathanael Bengio Dec 2014

Curated Disorders, Nathanael Bengio

Architecture Thesis Prep

By using the techniques of contradiction that existed in Dadaism fused with those of psychoanalysis and defamiliarization in Surrealism and Nouveau-Realism, my thesis examines the possibility of an architectural typology that critiques hyper-functionalities, anonymous ornament and the general facelessness of most commercialized architecture today. Within the context of a Haussmannian facade will be created a simple matrix that allows for the displacement of architectural elements in and out of their intended contexts leading to the curation of the reverse, the disordered twin.