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Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Memory And Resistance, Cami Quinteros Oct 2022

Memory And Resistance, Cami Quinteros

Masters Theses

The centuries-old neocolonial relationship between the United States and Latin America is marked by acts of silencing, either directly in the hands of U.S. foreign affairs organizations or by proxy governments economically supported by the United States. These attempts to de-memorialize the atrocities of the past consolidate the power dynamic between the inheritors of colonial rule, and those who were colonized. U.S. interventionist policies––borne of corporate interests, the safeguarding of capitalism, and a skewed sense of national security––have created mass and enduring violence in Latin America, resulting in waves of migration north, where the journeys of the displaced are often …


Building Information Modeling (Bim) And Building Energy Modeling (Bem): Assessment Of Bim-Bem Workflows And Energy Simulation Tools, Mahsa Farid Mohajer Oct 2022

Building Information Modeling (Bim) And Building Energy Modeling (Bem): Assessment Of Bim-Bem Workflows And Energy Simulation Tools, Mahsa Farid Mohajer

Doctoral Dissertations

Interoperability and Integration of the Building Information Modeling (BIM) and Building Energy Modeling (BEM) tools are major challenges for the Architecture, Engineering, and Construction (AEC) industry. The goals of this dissertation were to (i) investigate various BEM tools to evaluate their workflow and integration with BIM and (ii) assess BEM tools’ accuracy in predicting/simulating whole building energy performance from a broader lens to a more specific one (i.e., EUI to end-use data, respectively). To conduct the research study, case study buildings were selected from various categories, representing different building types (i.e., academic, administrative, and recreational). The case study buildings were …


In-Between Spaces: Atmospheres, Movement And New Narratives For The City, Paul Alexander Stoicheff Jun 2022

In-Between Spaces: Atmospheres, Movement And New Narratives For The City, Paul Alexander Stoicheff

Masters Theses

We often think of architecture as distinct buildings, yet as we move through the city we continuously pass through a built environment that is a collage of buildings. These spaces between buildings are underestimated as influences on our experience of everyday life in the city. Considering architecture as linked existential experiences through spaces rather than confined to individual buildings is more in line with our experience of the city as a series of interconnected spaces and places. Rather than describing a single, static architecture through words, how can we express this linked experience of spaces dynamically through narratives? Can writing …


Mycelium: The Building Blocks Of Nature And The Nature Of Architecture, Carly Regalado Jun 2022

Mycelium: The Building Blocks Of Nature And The Nature Of Architecture, Carly Regalado

Masters Theses

In the face of global climate change, all disciplines and backgrounds have a responsibility to the shared future. The world is facing an impending environmental disaster and humanity’s current efforts are not enough to slow this change, let alone reverse it. Much more drastic efforts must be undertaken by every person and discipline. Architecture has both aesthetic and structural components that have contributed to this situation. Much like the rest of the world, the current practices of architecture are not responsive or responsible enough. The building sector has a unique role in national and global energy consumption. Not only are …


Buildings Integrated Into Landscape & Making People Care For Them: Exploring Integrated Land-Building Ecosystems And The Lifestyles Needed To Support It, Sara Mallio Jun 2022

Buildings Integrated Into Landscape & Making People Care For Them: Exploring Integrated Land-Building Ecosystems And The Lifestyles Needed To Support It, Sara Mallio

Masters Theses

As climate change worsens, it is imperative that we make drastic changes to how our

buildings are designed. We need to create building systems that work with and enhance the surrounding ecosystem. Many of these types of systems were developed and tested during the back to land and environmentalist movements of the 1970’s. What is needed now is to synthesize these systems into packages that can be more easily adopted by the mainstream culture. By paying special attention to what people are willing to invest into their home’s system maintenance and adapting the sustainable systems to meet those needs, we …


Addressing Trauma Through Architecture: Cultivating Well-Being For Youth Who Have Experienced Trauma, Megan Itzkowitz Jun 2022

Addressing Trauma Through Architecture: Cultivating Well-Being For Youth Who Have Experienced Trauma, Megan Itzkowitz

Masters Theses

The aim of this thesis is to create an architectural design for youth that is informed by and in response to current trauma informed healthcare guidelines and research about wellness, with a focus on safety, trustworthiness, and empowerment.

70% of adults in the U.S. have experienced some type of traumatic event at least once in their lives, which stems into a larger risk factor public health group for substance abuse disorders and behavioral health issues (SAHMSA, 2014). “Individual trauma results from an event, series of events, or set of circumstances that is experienced by an individual as physically or emotionally …


Architectural Activism Through Hip-Hop, Micaela Goodrich Jun 2022

Architectural Activism Through Hip-Hop, Micaela Goodrich

Masters Theses

Hip-Hop Culture emerged in the early 1970s from Black and Latinx youth living in the South Bronx. At the time, the Bronx was stereotyped as the nation’s iconic “ghetto”. However, as in many of the nation’s cities, the built environment that defined the Bronx was a product of ghettoization that marginalized African Americans through confinement and overcrowding of urban centers; exclusions from mortgage loans and home ownership; and the redistribution of resources.

Hip-Hop Culture allowed marginalized communities to reclaim the built environment through repurpose of space and found materials; it creates opportunities for self-sufficiency; and establishes a community around the …


Beneficial Invasive: A Rhizomatic Approach To Utilizing Local Bamboo For Covid Responsive Educational Spaces, Megan Futscher Jun 2022

Beneficial Invasive: A Rhizomatic Approach To Utilizing Local Bamboo For Covid Responsive Educational Spaces, Megan Futscher

Masters Theses

The United States has an abundant stock of naturalized wild growing bamboo species that are generally considered invasive. This project explores the use of locally harvested, so called “invasive” bamboo as a potential building material incorporated into a modular, kit-of-parts style construction system. These structures are uniquely suited to address the need for expanded spaces and extensions that bridge between the strictly indoor vs. outdoor distinction of existing buildings, as revealed by the Covid-19 pandemic. The rhizomatic mechanism of spread that is characteristic of bamboo species is used as the framework to propose a tectonic system that is decentralized, adaptable, …


Equitable Housing Generation Through Cellular Automata, Molly R. Clark Jun 2022

Equitable Housing Generation Through Cellular Automata, Molly R. Clark

Masters Theses

This thesis seeks to experiment with the culmination of social, natural and built paradigms of sustainability using digital generation as an architectural process. Specifically, this thesis will explore cellular automaton and modular design approaches in the context of multifamily housing, asking if we can quantify the qualities of equitable housing and guide digital algorithms to generate efficient, flexible, human centered designs. Cellular automaton is a term used to describe a phenomenon in which the growth of one cell in a plant or animal is entirely dependent upon the already existing adjacent cell. Digital cellular automaton is a mathematical, rule based …


Espacios En Disputa: Crónica De Desplazamientos Y Reocupación Urbana En El Raval Y El Casc Antic De Barcelona (1964-2014), Elisabet Pallas Jun 2022

Espacios En Disputa: Crónica De Desplazamientos Y Reocupación Urbana En El Raval Y El Casc Antic De Barcelona (1964-2014), Elisabet Pallas

Doctoral Dissertations

This dissertation analyzes plays and documentary films that illustrate the forced displacement of urban citizens from Barcelona’s oldest neighborhoods El Raval and El Casc Antic between 1964 and 2014. Grounded on theories from Sociology and Urban and Cultural Studies, the project surveys the various political mechanisms that enforce and legitimize the territorial, cultural, and corporeal expropriations that deploy tactics such as the criminalization of poverty and the passing of local laws restricting the use of public spaces. Through a close analysis of documentaries such as Ciutat Morta (Ortega y Artigas, 2014), El forat (Peña, 2004), En construcción (Guerín, 2001), …


Restorative Streetscapes: Promoting Positive Mental Health Outcomes Through Urban Landscape Design In Winooski, Vermont, Sean R. Fitzsimmons May 2022

Restorative Streetscapes: Promoting Positive Mental Health Outcomes Through Urban Landscape Design In Winooski, Vermont, Sean R. Fitzsimmons

Landscape Architecture & Regional Planning Studio and Student Research and Creative Activity

The global health burden of mental health disorders is immense. The World Health Organization ranks depression as the single largest contributor to global disability; anxiety disorders alone rank sixth. One in four people will have a diagnosable mental illness in their lifetime and mental health conditions are increasing worldwide, rising 13% in the last decade. The economic implications are also immense, costing the global economy US $1 trillion each year. Mental health is more than the absence of disorders or disabilities, however. It is defined by the WHO as “a state of well-being in which an individual realizes his or …


Main Streets And Green Spaces: Creating A Community Vision In Indian Orchard, Rebecca Bagdigian-Boone, Li-Ting Hsu, Remington Pointes, Muskaan Handa, Abby Derrick, Jake Harlow, Suzanne Warner Apr 2022

Main Streets And Green Spaces: Creating A Community Vision In Indian Orchard, Rebecca Bagdigian-Boone, Li-Ting Hsu, Remington Pointes, Muskaan Handa, Abby Derrick, Jake Harlow, Suzanne Warner

Landscape Architecture & Regional Planning Studio and Student Research and Creative Activity

Main Street and Green Spaces takes a focused look at the neighborhood of Indian Orchard and provides strategies for urban design and landscape architecture to support residents’ visions for the future. With the Studio’s partnership between the Indian Orchard Citizen’s Council, Grow IO (Wellspring Harvest), and the Springfield Office of Planning and Economic Development, the overarching goal for each design team was to create a cohesive, phased plan for redeveloping Main Street around the Oak and Main intersection and Parker and the Ludlow Bridge. Special attention was requested for exploring traffic calming measures and ways to support the local businesses …


The Eudaimonic Tree Pilot: A Study Of Public Engagement In Participatory Art At Three Sites, Olivia A. James Mar 2022

The Eudaimonic Tree Pilot: A Study Of Public Engagement In Participatory Art At Three Sites, Olivia A. James

Masters Theses

In times of crisis, what tools do planners and designers have to inspire a sense of well-being? How can we heal community through dialogue, recognizing the ongoing need for connection with or without a crisis? Are there ways to uncover unknown concerns and values in a community? The engagement approaches many planners and designers rely on do not typically aim to access these deeper questions in society. Surveys, public meetings and focus groups seek tangible results that target specific issues. They are often conducted out of context, taking the public out of the environment at issue to answer questions on …


Looking Back Looking Forward: Isccl 50th Anniversary Symposium, Abstracts And Presentations, Elizabeth Brabec, Betina Adams, Haeedeh Laleh Feb 2022

Looking Back Looking Forward: Isccl 50th Anniversary Symposium, Abstracts And Presentations, Elizabeth Brabec, Betina Adams, Haeedeh Laleh

ISCCL Scientific Symposia and Annual General Meetings // Symposiums scientifiques et assemblées générales annuelles de l'ISCCL // Simposios científicos yy las Asambleas Generales Anuales

During the past 50 years, the ISCCL has experienced great shifts in an understanding of cultural landscapes, the approaches to their conservation and protection, and the foundational concept of cultural landscapes themselves. The starting point was in 1971, in a meeting of Fontainebleau, where M. René Pechère led an international group of historic garden landscape architects and other professionals in the creation of a joint ICOMOS / IFLA Committee of Historic Gardens and Sites. While the focus of the original Committee was on classical gardens and their maintenance and protection, this was an important first step in the understanding of …


Walkerton Hydroelectric Generating Station - A Relict Industrial Landscape In Ontario, Canada, Doug Evans Jan 2022

Walkerton Hydroelectric Generating Station - A Relict Industrial Landscape In Ontario, Canada, Doug Evans

ISCCL Scientific Symposia and Annual General Meetings // Symposiums scientifiques et assemblées générales annuelles de l'ISCCL // Simposios científicos yy las Asambleas Generales Anuales

Canada is littered with relic industrial/ cultural landscapes that are mostly unrecognised, undesignated and forgotten. The early 20th century hydroelectric generating station south of the small town of Walkerton on the Saugeen River in Bruce County, Ontario is one such landscape.

The Walkerton hydro-power site can be recognised as a cultural-industrial landscape, namely: 1) it is a designed landscape, with features including the dam and headrace canal; 2) it is an evolved relic landscape, where the industrial and socio-economic activities of generating hydroelectric power have come to an end; and 3) it is an associative cultural landscape, where the landscape …


Caribbean Port City Capitals As Cultural Landscapes, Pat Green Jan 2022

Caribbean Port City Capitals As Cultural Landscapes, Pat Green

ISCCL Scientific Symposia and Annual General Meetings // Symposiums scientifiques et assemblées générales annuelles de l'ISCCL // Simposios científicos yy las Asambleas Generales Anuales

The coastal locations of Caribbean port cities are distinct cultural landscapes in settings around safe harbours sheltered by hillocks containing vital elements of historic urban landscapes. The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) recommended in 2011 the idea of the Historic Urban Landscape (HUL) as a tool to integrate policies and practices of conservation of the built environment into the wider goals of urban development. Green, Robinson and Morgan (2013) caution that some efforts by the business community to regenerate port cities have limited the holistic nature of downtown to economic and physical enhancement leaving out the critical …


Planning And Management Of Complex Landscapes: The Case Of Rio De Janeiro, Carioca Landscapes, José Antonio Hoyuela Jayo Jan 2022

Planning And Management Of Complex Landscapes: The Case Of Rio De Janeiro, Carioca Landscapes, José Antonio Hoyuela Jayo

ISCCL Scientific Symposia and Annual General Meetings // Symposiums scientifiques et assemblées générales annuelles de l'ISCCL // Simposios científicos yy las Asambleas Generales Anuales

The PRODOC4018 project aimed to develop tools for the planning and management of the Carioca landscapes, a World Heritage Site since 2012. The proposal promotes a shared and integrated management of cultural heritage of excellence through preservation guidelines, with intervention criteria and protection and management tools incorporated in action plans and geo-referenced monitoring mechanisms. These analysed properties were located in the World Heritage area and its surroundings, 'Carioca Landscapes: between the mountain and the sea.

Landscape heritage must be evaluated, ordered and managed in its spatial and temporal context, but also in the social, environmental and economic context in which …


A Scientific Tourism Project With The Community Of The Cultural Landscape Of The Cerro Machín Volcano, Colombia, César Augusto Velandia Silva Jan 2022

A Scientific Tourism Project With The Community Of The Cultural Landscape Of The Cerro Machín Volcano, Colombia, César Augusto Velandia Silva

ISCCL Scientific Symposia and Annual General Meetings // Symposiums scientifiques et assemblées générales annuelles de l'ISCCL // Simposios científicos yy las Asambleas Generales Anuales

It is intended to develop a strategy of social innovation and joint creation of didactic and pedagogical objectives for the identification and valuation of the cultural landscape by the inhabitants of Alto de Toche and also aimed at visitors interested in scientific tourism, articulated to the construction of an integrated discourse on the symbolic influence and risk management by the geoheritage represented by the Cerro Machín Volcano, archaeological settlements and pre-Columbian paths.

The strategy will be implemented during 2022 through workshops to account for the process of conceptual construction and subsequent development of materials (maps-social cartography, photographs, routes, identification of …


Sustaining Vernacular Working Landscapes, Ekaterini Vlahos Jan 2022

Sustaining Vernacular Working Landscapes, Ekaterini Vlahos

ISCCL Scientific Symposia and Annual General Meetings // Symposiums scientifiques et assemblées générales annuelles de l'ISCCL // Simposios científicos yy las Asambleas Generales Anuales

The American West offers an invaluable laboratory for research focused on vernacular cultural landscapes, specifically working landscapes. Ninety percent of the state of Colorado is classified as rural and held in private or agency ownership. Unfortunately, a small percentage of the cultural resources on these properties and landscapes have been identified, recorded, studied, and protected.

Predictions show that most vernacular working landscapes in the state will transition to new development to support a population expected to double by 2050. The visible impact of current rapid growth and future change necessitated a model for gathering information, educating the next generation on …


Contributions To The Debate On The Revision Of The Concept Of Cultural Landscape: Icomos Brazil’S National Scientific Committee, Betina Adams, Isabelle Cury, Vanessa Gayego Bello Figueiredo, Jose Antonio Hoyuela Jayo, Laura Beatriz Lage, Marcos Olender, Mônica Bahia Schlee, Rafael Winter Ribeiro Jan 2022

Contributions To The Debate On The Revision Of The Concept Of Cultural Landscape: Icomos Brazil’S National Scientific Committee, Betina Adams, Isabelle Cury, Vanessa Gayego Bello Figueiredo, Jose Antonio Hoyuela Jayo, Laura Beatriz Lage, Marcos Olender, Mônica Bahia Schlee, Rafael Winter Ribeiro

ISCCL Scientific Symposia and Annual General Meetings // Symposiums scientifiques et assemblées générales annuelles de l'ISCCL // Simposios científicos yy las Asambleas Generales Anuales

The concept of landscape is polysemic and transdisciplinary, a basic condition for the recognition, planning and management of cultural landscapes, with a view to their integrated, shared and sustainable preservation. The recent extensions of the concept of cultural heritage have brought with them a breadth, diversity and complexity that prove to be counter-hegemonic, demanding greater participation and socio-cultural integration.

The construction of the concept of cultural landscape has had in Brazil important thinkers, Charters and Regulations such as the "Chancela del Landscape Cultural", the "Portaria 375" or the Federal Constitution itself, in addition to various local initiatives and the declaration …


Recommendation On The Historic Urban Landscape, The New Urban Agenda And Cultural Landscapes. Looking At Concepts And Vocabulary, Marie-Noël Tournoux Jan 2022

Recommendation On The Historic Urban Landscape, The New Urban Agenda And Cultural Landscapes. Looking At Concepts And Vocabulary, Marie-Noël Tournoux

ISCCL Scientific Symposia and Annual General Meetings // Symposiums scientifiques et assemblées générales annuelles de l'ISCCL // Simposios científicos yy las Asambleas Generales Anuales

The Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape (HUL), adopted in 2011, updates UNESCO's international instruments by emphasizing the links between conservation and sustainable development. It was developed following the boom in conservation issues in urban World Heritage properties or in properties in urban contexts from the 2000s, particularly in historic centers. Its principle is to pursue the proposals made in the 1976 Nairobi Recommendation and other normative instruments concerning heritage conservation by extending it to the concept of territory and landscape while emphasizing the importance of taking people into account and the concept of quality of life. Its originality also …


The Evolution Of Conserving Cultural Landscapes In Canada: Paralleling The Isccl, John Zvonar Jan 2022

The Evolution Of Conserving Cultural Landscapes In Canada: Paralleling The Isccl, John Zvonar

ISCCL Scientific Symposia and Annual General Meetings // Symposiums scientifiques et assemblées générales annuelles de l'ISCCL // Simposios científicos yy las Asambleas Generales Anuales

In the 1960s, the discipline of Heritage Conservation originated with the period restoration of the Fortress of Louisbourg in Nova Scotia. This work spawned the Restoration Services Division of Parks Canada. As a student, I learned of the meticulous restoration of the landscape of Motherwell Homestead in Saskatchewan, in the spirit of the Florence Charter whose mantra was ‘garden as monument’.

While educated in the various treatments – whether preservation, period restoration or rehabilitation (aka adaptive re-use) – it seemed that no one was yet talking about heritage values in the 1980s. About that time, Parks Canada had released …


Influence Of The Evolution Of Cultural Landscapes As Heritage On 20th Century International Heritage Preservation Doctrine, Cari Goetcheus, Nora J. Mitchell Jan 2022

Influence Of The Evolution Of Cultural Landscapes As Heritage On 20th Century International Heritage Preservation Doctrine, Cari Goetcheus, Nora J. Mitchell

ISCCL Scientific Symposia and Annual General Meetings // Symposiums scientifiques et assemblées générales annuelles de l'ISCCL // Simposios científicos yy las Asambleas Generales Anuales

The Athens and Venice charters are generally considered the philosophical foundation of modern heritage preservation. Throughout the 20th century, preservation practitioners have continually debated these early doctrines, especially as they’ve been applied to increasingly diverse places in ever-changing social contexts. As important shifts in heritage preservation theory have evolved, a broad range of values have extended the definition of cultural heritage from monument-specific sites to larger landscapes, from local to regional and national scales, from expert to traditional knowledge, and from static cultural fabric to dynamic ecological processes.

This paper argues that the recognition and development of cultural landscapes …


Refreshing ‘Cultural Landscapes’ - Isccl Global Dialogue 30 Years Later, David Jacques, Patricia Odonnell Jan 2022

Refreshing ‘Cultural Landscapes’ - Isccl Global Dialogue 30 Years Later, David Jacques, Patricia Odonnell

ISCCL Scientific Symposia and Annual General Meetings // Symposiums scientifiques et assemblées générales annuelles de l'ISCCL // Simposios científicos yy las Asambleas Generales Anuales

Until 1992 none of the UNESCO criteria for World Heritage allowed specifically for landscapes shaped by humanity. Following on about a decade of dialogue, at the World Heritage Committee meeting in Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA, the States Parties agreed to add definitions and types of ‘cultural landscapes’ to the World Heritage Operational Guidelines.

The formulation of ‘cultural landscapes’ at that time has proved to be largely robust, though inevitably, after nearly 30 years, with a wider range of experts involved and topics covered, a retrospective study seeks to explore potential clarifications and adjustments from diverse global viewpoints. The ISCCL …


World Heritage Cultural Landscapes: The Old And The New For China, Feng Han Jan 2022

World Heritage Cultural Landscapes: The Old And The New For China, Feng Han

ISCCL Scientific Symposia and Annual General Meetings // Symposiums scientifiques et assemblées générales annuelles de l'ISCCL // Simposios científicos yy las Asambleas Generales Anuales

The term “cultural landscape” has many different meanings for different people throughout the world. It has been widely circulated since the international recognition of cultural landscapes extended to World Heritage prominence in 1992 with three categories of cultural landscapes of outstanding universal value defined as the “combined works of nature and man”. However, the application of World Heritage Cultural Landscapes (WHCLs) encountered difficulties in China. This presentation reviews the history of nature-related World Heritage conservation in the country, examines the cross-cultural confusion of World Heritage practice from Chinese traditional cultural perspective of culture and nature relationship to address to the …


Naturecultures Guidance: Steps In Our Journey, Kristal Buckley, Leticia Leitao, Nora J. Mitchell, Maya Ishizawa, Jessica L. Brown, Nicole Franceschini, Dr. Steve H. Brown Jan 2022

Naturecultures Guidance: Steps In Our Journey, Kristal Buckley, Leticia Leitao, Nora J. Mitchell, Maya Ishizawa, Jessica L. Brown, Nicole Franceschini, Dr. Steve H. Brown

ISCCL Scientific Symposia and Annual General Meetings // Symposiums scientifiques et assemblées générales annuelles de l'ISCCL // Simposios científicos yy las Asambleas Generales Anuales

The emergence of cultural landscapes concepts heralded important mindset shifts in heritage practices. These have underpinned development of landscape approaches that recognise larger-scale interactions and the relationships between natural and cultural elements and processes. However, it has become apparent that an enduring nature-culture binary in heritage practices can result in adverse outcomes ‘on the ground’.

The ISCCL has provided a forum and a source of global leadership for these issues, including the exploration of the implications of working with naturecultures to achieve conservation outcomes that are effective and inclusive. Naturecultures was coined by Donna Haraway in 2003 to recognise that …


The Evolving Place Of Indigenous People And Their Cultural Landscapes In The World Heritage Convention At 50, Diane Menzies, Gregory W. De Vries Jan 2022

The Evolving Place Of Indigenous People And Their Cultural Landscapes In The World Heritage Convention At 50, Diane Menzies, Gregory W. De Vries

ISCCL Scientific Symposia and Annual General Meetings // Symposiums scientifiques et assemblées générales annuelles de l'ISCCL // Simposios científicos yy las Asambleas Generales Anuales

Indigenous people, associated cultural landscapes, and the 1972 World Heritage Convention offer an evolving constellation of challenges and opportunities for cultural and natural resilience and self-determination. This discussion explores ongoing transitions in the relationship between the World Heritage List and indigeneity with respect to terminology, representation, distribution, and the real-world issues of poverty, climate change, resource and habitat loss, health crises, and power imbalances affecting current experiences and future directions for World Heritage. Institutional legacies still haunt processes of inscription and management; however, the engagement of Indigenous people is increasingly multi-faceted and mutually reinforcing. Over time, Indigenous perspectives on nature-culture …


Cultural Landscape As Place, Process, And Practice, Dr. Steve H. Brown Jan 2022

Cultural Landscape As Place, Process, And Practice, Dr. Steve H. Brown

ISCCL Scientific Symposia and Annual General Meetings // Symposiums scientifiques et assemblées générales annuelles de l'ISCCL // Simposios científicos yy las Asambleas Generales Anuales

As Australian cultural geographer Lesley Head notes, cultural landscape is not just one idea, but ‘the concept of cultural landscape has changed over time and evokes a range of contrasting understandings in different regions of the world, different academic disciplines, and different government contexts’ (Head 2010, p. 427). While there is a vast literature on the subject, cultural landscapes can be considered to encompass three broad meanings. First, cultural landscape as place; that is, the phrase can be applied to a selected region of the Earth that has been transformed by human-ecological intra-action. Second, cultural landscape as process; that is, …


Legal Framework Of Cultural Landscape As A Listed Cultural Heritage In Taiwan, Chun-Hsi Wang Jan 2022

Legal Framework Of Cultural Landscape As A Listed Cultural Heritage In Taiwan, Chun-Hsi Wang

ISCCL Scientific Symposia and Annual General Meetings // Symposiums scientifiques et assemblées générales annuelles de l'ISCCL // Simposios científicos yy las Asambleas Generales Anuales

The cultural landscape has been protected as a cultural heritage in Taiwan since the amendment of the law in 2005. The definition in the law of 2005 was “the spaces and related environment of myths, legends, circumstances, historical events, community life, or ceremony”. However, the 2005 definition was ambiguous, which resulted in several unclear registered cases. For instance, some cases may have been registered as cultural landscapes but have buildings as their major attributes. This reflects the fact that the preservation of cultural heritage in Taiwan still focuses on the preservation of buildings, which highlights the difference between the concept …


Significance, Opportunities And Challenges Of Cultural Landscape Conservation And Bhutan Heritage Bill – Unesco’S Experiences Of Bhutan, Roland Chih-Hung Lin Jan 2022

Significance, Opportunities And Challenges Of Cultural Landscape Conservation And Bhutan Heritage Bill – Unesco’S Experiences Of Bhutan, Roland Chih-Hung Lin

ISCCL Scientific Symposia and Annual General Meetings // Symposiums scientifiques et assemblées générales annuelles de l'ISCCL // Simposios científicos yy las Asambleas Generales Anuales

UNESCO was the first United Nations agency to deal with landscapes at a global scale, notably through the 1962 UNESCO Recommendation on the Beauty and Character of Landscapes and Sites and the 1972 Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage. This article shares the knowledge and experience garnered by UNESCO through its conservation and management activities at Cultural Landscapes in Bhutan and highlights the urgent need for a cultural-historical-natural territory approach to address the pressing challenges for the conservation of Cultural Landscapes in Bhutan, and for a strong focus on the peoples and communities that …