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University of Massachusetts Amherst

Cultural Resource Management and Policy Analysis

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Museum Design As A Tool For A City, Cunbei Jiang Oct 2019

Museum Design As A Tool For A City, Cunbei Jiang

Masters Theses

With the financial growth and international acclaim brought about by Guggenheim Museum for Bilbao, the media started to talk about the so-called “Bilbao Effect”. For the next two decades, the general public has been more and more convinced and accustomed to the positive results landmark architecture might brought for their cities. Thus it is worthwhile to explore the root of the Bilbao Effect and to dig into the effects of Guggenheim Museum so that similar industrial cities may select and apply strategies basing on their own conditions.


A Holistic Approach To Conservation And Management At World Heritage Sites: The Contribution Of Biocultural Practices And Traditional Knowledge To Sustainability, Leanna Wigboldus Oct 2019

A Holistic Approach To Conservation And Management At World Heritage Sites: The Contribution Of Biocultural Practices And Traditional Knowledge To Sustainability, Leanna Wigboldus

Rural Heritage - Landscapes and Beyond / PATRIMOINE RURAL: Paysages et au-delà

Historical separation of cultural and natural property values at World Heritage Sites (WHS) in determining a site’s Outstanding Universal Value (OUV) for evaluation and management purposes has often neglected intrinsic intangible elements such as traditional knowledge, biocultural practices and sustainable management systems that reflect human interaction at WHS. This project will review and analyze the integration of WHS values where biocultural practices and traditional management and knowledge structures exist and contribute to site sustainability and resilience.

A study of selected WHS, including cultural landscapes and mixed WHS, where traditional management structures and biocultural practices have been developed and implemented ...


Kc 4.4 Building Multi-Cultural Understanding Through Translation And Dialogue: Languages And Terminologies For Icomos Ifla Isc Cl Rural Landscapes Principles, Raffaella Laviscio, Hossam Mahdy, Haeedeh Laleh Oct 2019

Kc 4.4 Building Multi-Cultural Understanding Through Translation And Dialogue: Languages And Terminologies For Icomos Ifla Isc Cl Rural Landscapes Principles, Raffaella Laviscio, Hossam Mahdy, Haeedeh Laleh

Rural Heritage - Landscapes and Beyond / PATRIMOINE RURAL: Paysages et au-delà

The spread and put in action of the Principles’ text in the national context require, first of all, the translation of the original English version. It is not automatic and requires different considerations and challenges (as linguistic and cultural). For instance, some English terms have no known equivalent Arabic terms (such as landscape, vernacular and integrity), other terms have different equivalents used by different individuals or institutions, others (as bio-cultural diversity, conservation, heritage, sustainable development) require some specifications due to differences in worldview and value systems in the different national contexts (and according to different disciplinary sectors in the same ...


Sustainability, Resiliency And Authenticity Of Rural Landscapes. The Forced Relocation Of Inhabitants At A Port In Terraba Sierpe Wetlands, Costa Rica, And The ‘Un-Ruled’ Practices In The Abandoned Landscape Of Penyagolosa Mountain, Spain., Juan A. García-Esparza, Ofelia Sanou Oct 2019

Sustainability, Resiliency And Authenticity Of Rural Landscapes. The Forced Relocation Of Inhabitants At A Port In Terraba Sierpe Wetlands, Costa Rica, And The ‘Un-Ruled’ Practices In The Abandoned Landscape Of Penyagolosa Mountain, Spain., Juan A. García-Esparza, Ofelia Sanou

Rural Heritage - Landscapes and Beyond / PATRIMOINE RURAL: Paysages et au-delà

The poster presented hereby is intended to establish a lively debate on the eventual interpretation of the dynamics in two specific rural landscapes and how their analysis depends on the ability to appropriately select and assimilate the transformations of the place. The two cases expose potential problems that arise when interpreting and managing these rural landscapes. Interpretations can be ‘colonial’ or ‘indigenous’. These approaches, therefore, aim to question why space is sometimes constructed under ‘conscious’ and ‘unconscious’ interpretations of imaginaries, behaviours, expressions, and adaptations which result in characteristic experimentations and transformations of the rural landscape.

In this realm, the approach ...


Kc 5.1: Traditional Systems And Methods Of Rural Landsconservation In Mali And Africa // Systemes Et Methodes Traditionnels De Preservations Des Paysages Ruraux Au Mali Et En Afrique, Alpha Diop, L. Cisse, M. Dembele Oct 2019

Kc 5.1: Traditional Systems And Methods Of Rural Landsconservation In Mali And Africa // Systemes Et Methodes Traditionnels De Preservations Des Paysages Ruraux Au Mali Et En Afrique, Alpha Diop, L. Cisse, M. Dembele

Rural Heritage - Landscapes and Beyond / PATRIMOINE RURAL: Paysages et au-delà

Rural landscapes in Africa and elsewhere constitute a precious heritage for rural communities, which have since the onset of time been able to develop endogenous techniques, systems and practices for the development and preservation of natural and cultural landscapes. Within African territorial entities, culture and nature are harmoniously interconnected and their management and preservation are based on systems created and transmitted from generation to generation according to socio-cultural environments and contexts.

Based on ancestral social and religious practices, traditional systems and methods for preserving rural landscapes are more focused on a community-oriented approach.

Several traditional methods, systems, practices and approaches ...


Kc 4.1: Rural Heritage And Urban-Rural Linkages In The Icomos Sdgs Policy Guidance, Ege Yildirim, Ilaria Rosetti, Patricia O'Donnell Oct 2019

Kc 4.1: Rural Heritage And Urban-Rural Linkages In The Icomos Sdgs Policy Guidance, Ege Yildirim, Ilaria Rosetti, Patricia O'Donnell

Rural Heritage - Landscapes and Beyond / PATRIMOINE RURAL: Paysages et au-delà

This Knowledge Café aims to provide a discussion platform to contribute to the drafting of a new ICOMOS SDGs Policy Guidance, from the perspective of rural heritage, landscapes and rural-urban linkages. While 50%-plus of global populations are urban dwellers, we tend to forget that the other half dwell in rural places.

One of the 7 Priority Actions of the ICOMOS SDGs Working Group in 2018 is the preparation of a consolidated policy statement, as an effective tool for advocacy and communication to wider society and the development world. Based on the need to boost the role of cultural heritage ...


Panel 12. Paper 12.3: El Camino Tierra Adentro As A Rural Landscape, Graciela Mota, Pilar Rincón Mtra., Sara E. Narvaez Martínez Ph.D Oct 2019

Panel 12. Paper 12.3: El Camino Tierra Adentro As A Rural Landscape, Graciela Mota, Pilar Rincón Mtra., Sara E. Narvaez Martínez Ph.D

Rural Heritage - Landscapes and Beyond / PATRIMOINE RURAL: Paysages et au-delà

Camino Real de Tierra Adentro was the Royal Inland Road, also known as the Silver Route. The inscribed property consists of 55 sites and five existing World Heritage sites lying along a 1400 km section of this 2600 km route, that extends north from Mexico City to Texas and New Mexico, United States of America. The route was actively used as a trade route for 300 years, from the mid-16th to the 19th centuries, mainly for transporting silver extracted from the mines of Zacatecas, Guanajuato, and San Luis Potosí, and mercury imported from Europe. Although it is a route that ...


Panel 12. Paper 12.2: Public Policies, Cultural Landscape And Rural Development, Cecilia Calderón-Puente Dr., Zazanda Salcedo Gutierrez Msc Oct 2019

Panel 12. Paper 12.2: Public Policies, Cultural Landscape And Rural Development, Cecilia Calderón-Puente Dr., Zazanda Salcedo Gutierrez Msc

Rural Heritage - Landscapes and Beyond / PATRIMOINE RURAL: Paysages et au-delà

This panel incorporates two case studies of cultural landscapes and their management in Mexico and Bolivia. According to a new vision of government after the Mexican Revolution, it’s established in Mexico, in addition to the “ejidos”, a policy of production and settlement in rural areas, based on the generation of irrigation systems. Thus, from 1926 to 1940, “agricultural cities” are designed in the country, among which is founded, in the southern area of the northern state of Chihuahua, a city named Delicias, whose main objective was the production of vine and cotton. However, by 1960, there was a change ...


Panel 12. Paper 12.1: Rural Landscapes And Urban Development In Latin America, Leonardo B. Castriota, Betina Adams Msc Oct 2019

Panel 12. Paper 12.1: Rural Landscapes And Urban Development In Latin America, Leonardo B. Castriota, Betina Adams Msc

Rural Heritage - Landscapes and Beyond / PATRIMOINE RURAL: Paysages et au-delà

Within the expansion of the concept of heritage, in the last decades, some new ideas have gained a decisive and innovative role. "Cultural landscapes", for instance, adopted by UNESCO since the early 1990s, inextricably combines the material and immaterial aspects of the heritage concept, that formerly was often thought separately. It also enhances the significant interactions between man and the natural environment. Thus, this concept seems to offer a rich perspective when applied to the traditional ideas in the field of conservation. Considering the historical centres, for example, its’ perspective could be significantly broadened, allowing interpretations that focus on the ...


Between Agriculture And Delight: Villas, Gardens And Agricultural Landscape In Northern Italy, Raffaella Laviscio, Lionella Scazzosi, Laura Pelissetti, Renata Lodari Oct 2019

Between Agriculture And Delight: Villas, Gardens And Agricultural Landscape In Northern Italy, Raffaella Laviscio, Lionella Scazzosi, Laura Pelissetti, Renata Lodari

Rural Heritage - Landscapes and Beyond / PATRIMOINE RURAL: Paysages et au-delà

The villa-garden as core of agricultural enterprise spreads in the North of Italy particularly since the second half of the XVII century. Throughout the eighteenth century, there was the flowering of large stately villas that, in addition to villas of delight, are configured as "centers of capitalist investment in the land economy and as centers for reorganization of the agricultural landscape in large rural estates" (Sereni 1961, p.289). Thus, some of the Royal House's Residences in Piemonte also affect the structure of the surrounding land where the gardens and parks became the core of the land shape to ...


Panel 9 The Importance Of Irrigation Systems In The Rural Landscape, Noah Anand Fernandes Ar, Nandini Priya Thatikonda, Amit Tandon, Jian Feng, Xueqing Yang, Yisi Liu Oct 2019

Panel 9 The Importance Of Irrigation Systems In The Rural Landscape, Noah Anand Fernandes Ar, Nandini Priya Thatikonda, Amit Tandon, Jian Feng, Xueqing Yang, Yisi Liu

Rural Heritage - Landscapes and Beyond / PATRIMOINE RURAL: Paysages et au-delà

Water has become a vital element in studying heritages, since researchers has realized that heritages are not only about sites per se, but also include multiple elements that reflect human social and cultural development along historical evolution, and water is one of the most important sector to study. To study authenticity of water, it is necessary to take interactions between human and water into consideration, and notice different interactions would result in different discussion on further water management and preservation, for water systems have been changed and reformed by human to adapt to environment and sustain future generations.

In this ...


Panel 5 Paper 5.3 Rural Intangible Cultural Heritage And Ethnic Tourism: Experiences Of Yunnan, China, Junjie Su Oct 2019

Panel 5 Paper 5.3 Rural Intangible Cultural Heritage And Ethnic Tourism: Experiences Of Yunnan, China, Junjie Su

Rural Heritage - Landscapes and Beyond / PATRIMOINE RURAL: Paysages et au-delà

China is an active player in the international arena of intangible cultural heritage (ICH). While China is transforming from an agricultural country to an industrial country, rural heritage, either tangible or intangible, is facing tremendous challenges and opportunities. Among Chinese provinces, Yunnan in Southwest of China can be regarded as the best case to investigate the issues of protection, use and transmission of rural heritage as Yunnan is a unique province of China because of its ethnic cultural diversity and geographic diversity. Based on literary studies and fieldworks, this paper illustrates history, cases, theories and practices in the protection and ...


Panel 5 Paper 5.2: Reconceptualising Intangible Heritage: The Case Of The Mongolian Ger., Xuanlin Liu Oct 2019

Panel 5 Paper 5.2: Reconceptualising Intangible Heritage: The Case Of The Mongolian Ger., Xuanlin Liu

Rural Heritage - Landscapes and Beyond / PATRIMOINE RURAL: Paysages et au-delà

Intangible cultural heritage has been gaining increasingly attention and is now being used to critique the tangible-dominated authorized heritage discourses. However, the emphasis on non-material discourse could lead to a dichotomy between tangible and intangible heritage and overlook the materiality in intangible heritage. This has been found in the analysis of the development of cultural heritage discourse, the professional heritage management works and people’s experience in heritage tourism. In order to mitigate the dichotomy, this paper proposes a living heritage approach to investigate the making of heritage values through an understanding of people’s cultural practices of the materiality ...


Panel 5 Rural Intangible Cultural Heritage, Junjie Su, Mohamed Badry Kamel Basuny Amer M.A., Xuanlin Liu Oct 2019

Panel 5 Rural Intangible Cultural Heritage, Junjie Su, Mohamed Badry Kamel Basuny Amer M.A., Xuanlin Liu

Rural Heritage - Landscapes and Beyond / PATRIMOINE RURAL: Paysages et au-delà

Rural areas is the place where rural intangible heritage is found rich and diverse, whereas vulnerable to fast social, cultural, political and economic transformations, in particular in developing and underdeveloped areas. Although the concept of Intangible Cultural Heritage (ICH) has been established in UNESCO and accepted by many ICH Convention signatories, it has not been consistently adopted and implemented from international level to local level without divergencies. An analysis of rural ICH is to analyse how rural traditional culture, memories and past are used by different stakeholders for current society. (Re)defining rural ICH is a way to both rethink ...


Panel 11. Paper 11.3: Views Through Rose-Colored Glasses: The Need For Diverse Lenses To Support Rural Landscape Heritage, Steve H. Brown Dr, Cari Goetcheus Oct 2019

Panel 11. Paper 11.3: Views Through Rose-Colored Glasses: The Need For Diverse Lenses To Support Rural Landscape Heritage, Steve H. Brown Dr, Cari Goetcheus

Rural Heritage - Landscapes and Beyond / PATRIMOINE RURAL: Paysages et au-delà

The ICOMOS-IFLA Principles Concerning Rural Landscape as Heritage (the Principles; 2017) provide a comprehensive outline of the fields and work required to better recognise and safeguard rural landscape heritage. The Principles acknowledge that the field of heritage conservation cannot sustain rural places and traditional rural heritage landscapes on their own, but must engage with a diverse breadth of disciplines to support and safeguard these spaces. The Principles seek to address loss and adverse changes to rural landscapes and their associated communities through the recognition, safeguarding, and promotion of their heritage values. They aim to promote an appropriate balance between economic ...


Panel 4 Paper 4.2: Resiliency Of Rural Socio-Ecological Landscapes: Case Study Of The Black Volta And Weto Landscapes Of Ghana, George Ortsin Oct 2019

Panel 4 Paper 4.2: Resiliency Of Rural Socio-Ecological Landscapes: Case Study Of The Black Volta And Weto Landscapes Of Ghana, George Ortsin

Rural Heritage - Landscapes and Beyond / PATRIMOINE RURAL: Paysages et au-delà

In response to Ghana’s obligations under the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the Global Environmental Fund Small Grants Program (SGP) adopted a resilience approach to sustainability, focusing on how to build local capacity to deal with unexpected landscape change. This paper will: (1) share experience from Ghana in restoring landscapes for resilient livelihoods, (2) present methodologies on how rural landscapes can be managed to ensure a sustainable and resilient supply of essential ecosystem services, and (3) discuss the challenges that are associated with these approaches. The paper will also discuss how Ghana’s Weto and Black Volta socio-ecological production ...


Panel 4 Paper 4.1: Icomos Perspective On Addressing Culturenature Integration In The Implementation Of The Sdgs, Ege Yildirim Oct 2019

Panel 4 Paper 4.1: Icomos Perspective On Addressing Culturenature Integration In The Implementation Of The Sdgs, Ege Yildirim

Rural Heritage - Landscapes and Beyond / PATRIMOINE RURAL: Paysages et au-delà

Rural landscapes with interconnected CultureNature heritage value have much to contribute to the resilience and sustainability of food production, use of renewable natural resources and overall well-being of communities. Rural landscapes are addressed in the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in SDG 11 as a type of ‘human settlement’ and Target 11.4 calls for 'strengthening efforts ‘to protect and safeguard the world’s cultural and natural heritage.’ Even so, to date, the contributions of rural landscapes have had limited recognition within the global framework for the UN SDGs and some reference in the UN-Habitat New Urban Agenda.

This paper ...


Panel 3 Paper 3.3: Māori Ancestral Landscapes And The Celebration Of Prowess In Cultivation And Resource Gathering: Digesting Natural Heritage As An Expression Of Culture, Xavier Forde Oct 2019

Panel 3 Paper 3.3: Māori Ancestral Landscapes And The Celebration Of Prowess In Cultivation And Resource Gathering: Digesting Natural Heritage As An Expression Of Culture, Xavier Forde

Rural Heritage - Landscapes and Beyond / PATRIMOINE RURAL: Paysages et au-delà

The provision of food and other natural resource for subsistence is celebrated in the histories of Māori tribes, in episodes relating to the ancestors who brought crops from Hawaiki in their migration to Aotearoa New Zealand, or who demonstrated prowess in the cultivation or gathering of resource. The oral histories of these ancestors and their feats of provision are still evidenced in aetiological stories, place names, and expansive archaeological fields, and artefacts that shape cultural landscapes, map out the natural resource around the country, and continue to act as a repository of indigenous knowledge today.


Panel 11. Paper 11.2: Inventory And Mapping Rural Landscapes, Raffaella Laviscio, Lionella Scazzosi, Pierre Marie Tricaud Oct 2019

Panel 11. Paper 11.2: Inventory And Mapping Rural Landscapes, Raffaella Laviscio, Lionella Scazzosi, Pierre Marie Tricaud

Rural Heritage - Landscapes and Beyond / PATRIMOINE RURAL: Paysages et au-delà

ICOMOS doctrinal text “Principles concerning Rural Landscapes as heritage” 2017 gives orientations for knowledge, description and interpretations of rural landscapes as tangible and intangible heritage, essen­tial for the definition of any strategy and action (Principles 2017).

Actually, stu­dies that emphasize the heritage dimension of rural landscape have a rich and consolidated literature by many disciplines. But there are still few tools to inventory, describe, classify, compare and mapping them as heritage finalized to protection, ‘appropriate’ management and enhancement: too often description is reduced to tell history and geographical characteristics, to mapping the use of the land and to ...


Kc 1.1: Cultural Heritage And Climate Change: Exploring The Impacts And Issues, Elizabeth Brabec, Andrew Potts, Julianne Polanco Oct 2019

Kc 1.1: Cultural Heritage And Climate Change: Exploring The Impacts And Issues, Elizabeth Brabec, Andrew Potts, Julianne Polanco

Rural Heritage - Landscapes and Beyond / PATRIMOINE RURAL: Paysages et au-delà

As noted at the 2017 ICOMOS Assembly in Delhi, cultural heritage is both under threat from climate change, and an asset in our attempts to adapt to and mitigate its impacts. The Paris Agreement emphasizes the need for urgency about climate change; cultural heritage can play a central role in this effort. For example, iconic sites at risk from storms, coastal erosion, wildfires or permafrost thaw can alert public to the very real impacts and costs of climate change.

World Heritage Sites (WHS) around the world play a key role in alerting the public to the impacts of local climate ...


Panel 2 Paper 2.3: A Discussion On Rural Transformation In Turkey, Vacide Betül Kurtuluş, Neriman Şahin Güçhan Oct 2019

Panel 2 Paper 2.3: A Discussion On Rural Transformation In Turkey, Vacide Betül Kurtuluş, Neriman Şahin Güçhan

Rural Heritage - Landscapes and Beyond / PATRIMOINE RURAL: Paysages et au-delà

Rural areas represent an indigenous culture and richness of a native society. The environment made by this society is a product of local culture, built by the use of available local materials, considering local production and lifestyle of the villages. Continuity of rural areas is necessary for safeguarding a specific landscape – which has specific features – on earth with its components. A specific landscape can sustain only with a continuous rural life. For a sustainable rural life, the income source of the inhabitants which is mainly based on production should be continuous.

In Turkey, in rural areas, most of the population ...


Panel 1 Paper 1.2: Environnement Du Patrimoine Rural, Claire Cornu Oct 2019

Panel 1 Paper 1.2: Environnement Du Patrimoine Rural, Claire Cornu

Rural Heritage - Landscapes and Beyond / PATRIMOINE RURAL: Paysages et au-delà

En fournissant la chimie à l’agriculture, les matériaux pour la construction, et en produisant la mécanisation des cultures comme celles des terrassements, l’industrie des « trente glorieuses » en France effaçait des siècles de pratiques et d’organisation des espaces de vie et de travail, qui optimisaient les ressources naturelles locales et humaines. La maçonnerie en pierre sèche, son agriculture en terrasse, son élevage en enclos, ses cabanes des champs, ses espaces d’accompagnement des jardins, des maisons, des villages, des rivières, des chemins, des routes, sombraient dès lors dans la désuétude. Lorsqu’en 1999 nous avons démarré cette démarche ...


Panel 2 Paper 2.1: Rural Landscapes: Farm And Forest Heritage In The 21st Century, Patricia O'Donnell Oct 2019

Panel 2 Paper 2.1: Rural Landscapes: Farm And Forest Heritage In The 21st Century, Patricia O'Donnell

Rural Heritage - Landscapes and Beyond / PATRIMOINE RURAL: Paysages et au-delà

Globally we are witnessing evolution of the rural landscape. Both agriculture-- farmers working productive lands and silviculture-- foresters and conservationists protecting productive forests, are evolving. These shifts in rural landscapes offer both positive and negative vectors for heritage.

On the one hand large scale monoculture farming impacts land uses, replacing the diversity of traditional family farming, while on the other it provides basic foods in quantity. Small plot farming, in many nations, links to sustainable society/economy/environment for small plot land owners. Drawing on my home state, Vermont, USA, the 2015 farm census noted that while the numbers of ...


Historic Trading Routes In Kosovo And Albania And Their Potential In Improving Rural Tourism Through Cross National Approaches, Arnisa Kryeziu, Caroline Jaeger Klein Oct 2019

Historic Trading Routes In Kosovo And Albania And Their Potential In Improving Rural Tourism Through Cross National Approaches, Arnisa Kryeziu, Caroline Jaeger Klein

Rural Heritage - Landscapes and Beyond / PATRIMOINE RURAL: Paysages et au-delà

Trading routes have been aligning different parts of the world since prehistoric times, transporting scarce commodities from one area to another. Primarily, the majority of these routes had military character used during wars in enlarging territories but with the flourishing of trade in agriculture, craftsmanship, and mining, they gained important economic value. Parallel to this exchange of goods, these communication systems expedited influences and cultural exchange in cuisine, traditions, religion, crafts, arts and architecture.

Main centers of present day Kosovo and Albania were part of this dense communication network for trading activities, for example Via Egnatia, Via de Zenta and ...


Z-Cube: Mobile Living For Feminist Nomads, Zi Ye Jul 2017

Z-Cube: Mobile Living For Feminist Nomads, Zi Ye

Masters Theses

Homes proclaim our social standing and reflect the trend of the times. This project seeks to explore and redefine the relationship between modern homes and modern women who strive for mobile life styles.

Modernism and globalization have brought us a new way of living that could have never been imagined before— our workspace and homes are no longer limited to a specific unit but have extended to the entire globe. The physical changes compelled by modernity have also complemented the changing role of women. Since the beginning of the 20th century, modern women have expanded their lives outside of their ...


Becoming Sustainable In Our Own Way: Sustainability At The Flagship Massachusetts Public University, Ludmilla Pavlova-Gillham, Dennis Swinford Sep 2016

Becoming Sustainable In Our Own Way: Sustainability At The Flagship Massachusetts Public University, Ludmilla Pavlova-Gillham, Dennis Swinford

Campus Planning Community and Conference Presentations

This presentation was delivered at the 2016 World Symposium on Sustainable Development at Universities . It outlines a case study of the comprehensive sustainability efforts undertaken by the University of Massachusetts Amherst and evaluates its progress by applying Kotter’s 8-step approach to change management to multiple phases of the campus development efforts. Emphasis is placed on efforts to integrate sustainability goals with campus master planning, facility plans, green building policies, governance and educational and operations teaching and research initiatives. The presentation also outlines concrete steps for comprehensive physical planning that universities may consider as they integrate change management practices for ...


From Shelters To Long Living Communities, Yakun Liang Jul 2016

From Shelters To Long Living Communities, Yakun Liang

Masters Theses

Disasters happen all the time, attention should be paid to refugees and help them build new homelands. Japan is an earthquake-prone area, every year there is at least 1 earthquake above 6 magnitude happens there. In 2011, Japan suffered from the 9.0 magnitude earthquake, tsunami and meltdown, the triple disasters. About 100 people died in the earthquake itself, and 20,000 people lost their lives in the tsunami, 465,000 people were evacuated after the disaster. Two years later after the triple disaster, more than half refugees still lived in temporary shelters. Efforts should be concentrated on the development ...


Homeowner Willingness To Adopt Low-Impact Development Practices In The Ipswich River Watershed: Opportunities And Barriers, Johanna R. Stacy Jul 2015

Homeowner Willingness To Adopt Low-Impact Development Practices In The Ipswich River Watershed: Opportunities And Barriers, Johanna R. Stacy

Masters Theses

The Ipswich River watershed has experienced increasing urbanization in recent years. The river, which supplies water to over 300,000 residents (twice the watershed’s population), was considered one of the 10 Most Endangered Rivers in the U.S. in 2003 due to seasonal low-flow and no-flow events. Seasonal outdoor water restrictions have curbed residential demand; however, impervious surfaces and municipal sewer systems direct much of the runoff outside the watershed. Low-impact development (LID) practices, specifically those that infiltrate runoff, have the potential to keep more water in the watershed, and increase baseflows in the river.

This study seeks to ...


The Dialogue Of Craft And Architecture, Thomas J. Forker Jul 2015

The Dialogue Of Craft And Architecture, Thomas J. Forker

Masters Theses

To master any type of process, it is estimated ten thousand hours is needed to finely tune your craft. Whether it is wood joinery, music, culinary arts or glass-blowing, it is about making something that can be seen, heard, touched and/or used. Society seems to be losing an appreciation for craft as an idea. Especially in the US, materialism has reduced quality and craftsmanship to merely a luxury to those who can afford it. It seems that while mainstream society continues to "progress", the craftsmen see their client's loss of comprehension and appreciation of the true quality in ...


Interpreting, Stephanie Jo Kent Aug 2014

Interpreting, Stephanie Jo Kent

Doctoral Dissertations

What do community interpreting for the Deaf in western societies, conference interpreting for the European Parliament, and language brokering in international management have in common? Academic research and professional training have historically emphasized the linguistic and cognitive challenges of interpreting, neglecting or ignoring the social aspects that structure communication. All forms of interpreting are inherently social; they involve relationships among at least three people and two languages. The contexts explored here, American Sign Language/English interpreting and spoken language interpreting within the European Parliament, show that simultaneous interpreting involves attitudes, norms and values about intercultural communication that overemphasize information and ...