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Reinterpreted Europe: An Assessment Of Eu (In) Ability To Deal With Threats To The Rule Of Law, Huso Hasanovic 2021 Old Dominion University

Reinterpreted Europe: An Assessment Of Eu (In) Ability To Deal With Threats To The Rule Of Law, Huso Hasanovic

Graduate Program in International Studies Theses & Dissertations

The European Union has been the primary promoter of democracy and rule of law to its neighbors to the east. Much of the early scholarship as well as official documents on the EU’s transfer of norms to the east have shown some degree of optimism and expectation of serious reforms. Fast forward to its contemporary experience and the situation is significantly more grim than anticipated. Major think tanks like Freedom House, The Economist Democracy Index, and EU Venice Commission Reports show a stagnation and reversal on the question of rule of law, despite the millions of euros spent on ...


Institutional Stretching: How Moroccan Ngos Illuminate The Nexus Of Climate, Migration, Gender And Development, Shelby Mertens 2021 Old Dominion University

Institutional Stretching: How Moroccan Ngos Illuminate The Nexus Of Climate, Migration, Gender And Development, Shelby Mertens

Graduate Program in International Studies Theses & Dissertations

The global migration crisis the world has experienced thus far is only the tip of the iceberg. As the earth’s temperature continues to warm and extreme weather conditions worsen, millions of people across the globe will be displaced, and women in particular will face more difficult challenges. What the climate migration literature fails to study is these longer-term impacts beyond sudden onset disasters. Governments and institutions will be forced to respond and adapt to the new reality resulting from the climate crisis. This research provides a case study of Morocco and, by using institutional ethnography, investigates how NGOs working ...


Full Spectrum Space Deterrence: From Laws To Technology, Joshua Carlson 2021 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Full Spectrum Space Deterrence: From Laws To Technology, Joshua Carlson

Honors Theses, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Conflict in space is becoming an ever-real possibility, with the potential of rendering the space completely useless for future generations. Current talks are centered around limiting or preventing any weapons deployed to space, but this is not the most effective way of dealing with the issue. The focus should shift to agreeing on how nations should act responsibly in space together instead of preventing nations from acting at all. The best way of accomplishing this goal is by improving satellite design, creating agreed upon and understood rules of engagement, fostering widespread cooperation between nations, and choosing not to be the ...


Us Media’S Coverage Of China’S Handling Of Covid-19: Playing The Role Of The Fourth Branch Of Government Or The Fourth Estate?, Wenshan Jia, Fangzhu Lu 2021 Chapman University

Us Media’S Coverage Of China’S Handling Of Covid-19: Playing The Role Of The Fourth Branch Of Government Or The Fourth Estate?, Wenshan Jia, Fangzhu Lu

Communication Faculty Articles and Research

The present study is an analysis of a sample of reports on China’s handling of COVID-19 by several major US media with a focus on a controversial op-ed by the Wall Street Journal. It is found that instead of covering it objectively as a public health crisis, these media reports tend to adopt the strategy of naming, shaming, blaming, and taming against China. In other words, they seize the outbreak of COVID-19 in Wuhan as an opportunity to serve Trump’s “America First” doctrine by a coordinated attempt to destroy the Chinese dream and arresting China’s ascendency. First ...


Nuclear Deterrence And Low-Yield Nuclear Weapons In Russia And The United States, Anneke R. Taylor 2021 University of Puget Sound

Nuclear Deterrence And Low-Yield Nuclear Weapons In Russia And The United States, Anneke R. Taylor

The Commons: Puget Sound Journal of Politics

This essay examines the impact of new stockpiles of low-yield nuclear weapons in various countries (specifically Russia and the United States) on the current international balance of peace, which is commonly held to be based on mutually assured destruction due to major powers' possession of nuclear weapons.

It is argued that while low-yield weapons might, in certain circumstances, contribute to nuclear deterrence, they introduce far too many destabilizing issues for any additional level of deterrence to be worth the risk. The possibility of miscalculations due to the frequent dual-use of launch systems for both high and low yield weapons and ...


Pop Rocks And Persistence: Finding The Women In U.S. Foreign Policy And National Security, Lily Hoak 2021 University of Puget Sound

Pop Rocks And Persistence: Finding The Women In U.S. Foreign Policy And National Security, Lily Hoak

The Commons: Puget Sound Journal of Politics

One hundred years after the ratification of the 19th amendment, women in the United States continue to face societal and institutionalized biases that can undermine the success of women everywhere. This is especially true when it comes to leadership in the U.S. government. And while the number of women serving in state and federal legislatures has increased, the number of women leaders in the foreign policy and national security establishment continues to be lacking. As I progressed in my International Relations degree, it became apparent that I was most frequently learning about men, from men, and then I ...


A Historical Analysis Of The Causes Of The French And Indian War, Jake Althouse 2021 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

A Historical Analysis Of The Causes Of The French And Indian War, Jake Althouse

Honors Theses, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

The current study attempted to answer the following research question: what were the causes of the French and Indian War between Great Britain and France in 1754? To do so, the current study researched secondary sources from a historical perspective, political theories regarding the causes of war, and primary sources from individuals involved in the build-up to conflict. Previous research by historians and political scientists have mainly attributed the causes of the French and Indian War to a security dilemma and the spiral theory of war. The current study does not support this assertion. Instead, the current study asserts that ...


Pornography: Social, Emotional And Mental Implications Among Adolescents, William Kelly Canady 2021 Dublin City Schools

Pornography: Social, Emotional And Mental Implications Among Adolescents, William Kelly Canady

National Youth Advocacy and Resilience Conference

This presentation will explain the historical development of pornography. It will highlight four segments: 1- Porn’s impact on brain development of reward pathways, ultimately increasing the appetite for more porn. 2- Porn can be a false substitute for real intimacy, resulting in decreased sexual satisfaction with a real person and increased verbal and physical aggression. 3- Porn promotes sex trafficking, promotes multiple sex partners and reduced STD prevention. 4- A review of interventions available to assist clients in navigating a lifestyle away from pornography.


Border Orientation In A Globalizing World, Beth A. Simmons, Michael R. Kenwick 2021 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Border Orientation In A Globalizing World, Beth A. Simmons, Michael R. Kenwick

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

Border politics are a salient component of high international politics. States are increasingly building infrastructure to ‘secure’ their borders. We introduce the concept of border orientation to describe the extent to which the State is committed to the spatial display of capacities to control the terms of penetration of its national borders. Border orientation provides a lens through which to analyze resistance to globalization, growing populism, and the consequences of intensified border politics. We measure border orientation using novel, geo-spatial data on the built environment along the world’s borders and theorize that real and perceived pressures of globalization have ...


Securitizing Immigrants: Applying Securitization Theory In German Politics, Aaron A. Uranga 2021 Florida International University

Securitizing Immigrants: Applying Securitization Theory In German Politics, Aaron A. Uranga

Pathways: A Journal of Humanistic and Social Inquiry

This manuscript demonstrates how the use of securitization by the German political party the Alternative für Deutschland (AfD) has gained them votes in the German federal elections. The securitization focused on the refugee crisis and the effects that the refugees would have on Germany and its citizens. While mainstream German political parties adopted a neutral stance towards the crisis, the AfD separated themselves by adopting a strong anti-immigrant stance. The concept of securitization has not been fully applied to the German political parties. As a proxy for the political party, the paper analyzes the policy platforms and statements regarding immigration ...


Indigenous Monitoring And Evaluation: Assessing Local Impacts Of Peace Practice, Gearoid Michael Millar, Sukanya Podder 2021 University of Aberdeen

Indigenous Monitoring And Evaluation: Assessing Local Impacts Of Peace Practice, Gearoid Michael Millar, Sukanya Podder

Peace and Conflict Studies Journal Conference

Peace and Conflict Studies (PCS) has experienced substantial growth over the past 70 years. However, some have recently argued that the field has calcified in problematic ways; producing professionalized graduates, restricted perspectives, and standardized techniques that limit its ability to respond to different challenges, and particularly within divergent cultures and contexts. These concerns have found expression in the growth of the “critical peace” literature over the past decade, which has noted the diversity of conflict-affected societies, the lack of “local ownership” of peace practice, and the need for locally grounded tools for evaluating that practice. In addition, this paper will ...


A Theoretical Treatise To The Cyprus Problem: Neoliberalism, Securitization, And Neoclassical Realism, Nikos Lekakis Dr 2021 University of Crete

A Theoretical Treatise To The Cyprus Problem: Neoliberalism, Securitization, And Neoclassical Realism, Nikos Lekakis Dr

Peace and Conflict Studies Journal Conference

No abstract provided.


State Conspiracy And Counterterrorism Engagements In Nigeria: Changing The Peace Agenda Narratives, Victor Chidubem Iwuoha Dr., Jude Tochukwu Omenma, Celestine Uchechukwu Udeogu 2021 University of Nigeria - Nsukka

State Conspiracy And Counterterrorism Engagements In Nigeria: Changing The Peace Agenda Narratives, Victor Chidubem Iwuoha Dr., Jude Tochukwu Omenma, Celestine Uchechukwu Udeogu

Peace and Conflict Studies Journal Conference

No abstract provided.


The Migrant Diaries, Lynne Jones 2021 Fordham University

The Migrant Diaries, Lynne Jones

International Affairs

What is it like to run away from bombing, lose your family, and work out how to take care of yourself in a foreign country when you are seven years old? What do you do when the woman who promised you a good job in Europe turns out to have sold you into prostitution? How do you escape from torture and detention in Libya? What is it like to almost drown in the Mediterranean and then be confined in a garbage and rat-filled settlement on a Greek island for years?

In this book, Lynne Jones answers these questions by combining ...


System Analysis Of International Relations In Contemporary Scholarly Discourse, N. Ya. Muminova 2021 PhD in Political Science, Senior lecturer at International Relations Department, UWED

System Analysis Of International Relations In Contemporary Scholarly Discourse, N. Ya. Muminova

International Relations: Politics, Economics, Law

Present research article is an abridged version of the Chapter I. in collective monograph “System approach to the study of international relations”. Research paper covers the system analysis of international relations in contemporary scholarly discourse. It focuses on the specificity of the system analysis approach in the study of international political processes; theoretical propositions/ “developments” and analytical approaches of American, European, as well as Russian and Chinese scholars to the study of international systems were mainly scrutinized in this paper.


Review Of Imitating Christ In Magwi: An Anthropological Theology, David A. Hoekema 2021 Calvin University

Review Of Imitating Christ In Magwi: An Anthropological Theology, David A. Hoekema

The Journal of Social Encounters

No abstract provided.


Southern Resistance In Critical Perspective: Review Of The Politics Of Protest In South Africa’S Contentious Democracy, Gary Prevost 2021 College of St. Benedict and St. John’s University

Southern Resistance In Critical Perspective: Review Of The Politics Of Protest In South Africa’S Contentious Democracy, Gary Prevost

The Journal of Social Encounters

No abstract provided.


Migrations Internationales. Entre Enjeux Traditionnel Et Nouveaux Défis, Leonidas Ndayisaba 2021 University of Burundi

Migrations Internationales. Entre Enjeux Traditionnel Et Nouveaux Défis, Leonidas Ndayisaba

Journal of African Conflicts and Peace Studies

Résumé

Le premier semestre de l’année 2015 est dominé sur le plan médiatique par une crise migratoire caractérisée par des milliers de ressortissants syriens, afghans pour la plupart qui traversent la Méditerranée en vue de trouver asile, sécurité et, sans doute, de nouvelles perspectives de vie dans les pays européens et en Amérique du Nord. D’autres migrants, Erythréens, Sud-Soudanais, entre autres, viennent également grossir les rangs des migrants forcés au niveau régional et international. Pourtant, les migrations constituent un phénomène mondial et historique. La campagne médiatique qui s’en est suivie fait découvrir la tragédie qui sévit dans ...


Burden-Sharing, Security, And The International Protection Of Displaced Persons: The United States And Italy As Case Studies, Paul Celentano 2021 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Burden-Sharing, Security, And The International Protection Of Displaced Persons: The United States And Italy As Case Studies, Paul Celentano

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Less than 5 percent of those displaced by war and persecution receive permanent sanctuary. This is because the states tasked with protecting them are wary of the “burdens” that they pose, framing them as threats to national economies, budgets, and public safety. Consequently, states seek to share these burdens with other states in order to minimize their own international protection obligations. While the modern norm of “burden-sharing” has existed since at least the mid-twentieth century, it is vague and, therefore, permissive of a wide range of state behavior. When viewed through the lens of “securitization,” states utilize alarmist rhetoric and ...


The Hamite Must Die! The Legacy Of Colonial Ideology In Rwanda, Awa Princess E. Zadi 2021 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

The Hamite Must Die! The Legacy Of Colonial Ideology In Rwanda, Awa Princess E. Zadi

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

April 07, 1994, will forever remain in the history of Rwanda, as it commemorates the beginning of the Rwandan genocide. In 100 days, an estimated 800,000 people, who were overwhelmingly Tutsi, lost their lives at the hand of their neighbors, friends, and families. Although the genocide occurred 26 years ago, there is still much debate surrounding the cause of this tragedy. While some scholars have suggested that the genocide was triggered by contemporary economic and political factors, this thesis is taking a post-colonial approach by bringing into context the colonial history of Rwanda. In the discussion of these colonial ...


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