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Speech and Hearing Science Commons

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Spectrographic Analysis Of The Lombard Effect, Julia Saxon 2020 The University of Akron

Spectrographic Analysis Of The Lombard Effect, Julia Saxon

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

In my honors project I will study the feasibility of using spectrographic analysis to measure the Lombard effect. The Lombard effect is a well-known phenomenon in which talkers reflexively increase the intensity of their voices in the presence of background noise. We hypothesize that other measurable features of speech will also change with vocal intensity consistent with what is shown in literature. However, the current authors will discuss findings in terms of its potential value as a test of pseudohypoacusis, also known as nonorganic or functional hearing loss. The author and a licensed audiologist will examine the /i/ and /u ...


Cochlear Implants And Executive Function In Children: A Current Review Of Literature, Jessica Bonezzi, Dr. Alex Meibos 2020 The University of Akron

Cochlear Implants And Executive Function In Children: A Current Review Of Literature, Jessica Bonezzi, Dr. Alex Meibos

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

We systematically reviewed existing research on cochlear implantation and executive function to determine if children with bilateral profound hearing loss with cochlear implantation have executive functioning levels similar to their normal hearing peers. Overall, we wanted to know if cochlear implantation resulted in executive functioning in deaf children. A systematic analysis of research was performed using the Preferred Reporting of Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) technique. Research comparing unilaterally implanted children to bilaterally implanted children shows that bilaterally implanted children scored higher on verbal IQ tests. Research comparing predominately bilaterally implanted children to norms presents split results.


The Use Of Non-Words As Targets In The Treatment Of Speech Sound Disorders In Children, Nicole Hacking 2020 Fontbonne University

The Use Of Non-Words As Targets In The Treatment Of Speech Sound Disorders In Children, Nicole Hacking

2020 Speech-Language Pathology Posters

The purpose of this poster is to explore non-words (NWs) as targets in the treatment of speech sound disorders (SSD) in children. To better understand the basic science behind word lexicality and phonological learning, the mechanisms at work will be explained. Non-words, phonological representation, and lexical representation will be defined in order to further understand the potential benefits of using non-words in therapy.


Fluency And Sound System Disorder: What To Do?, Madeline Broekelmann 2020 Fontbonne University

Fluency And Sound System Disorder: What To Do?, Madeline Broekelmann

2020 Speech-Language Pathology Posters

Stuttering is a complex disorder that requires a multi-dynamic approach and becomes increasingly more complex when a comorbidity is present; therefore, this poster will present the available data on the comorbidity of fluency and sound system disorders in preschool aged children. Specifically, this poster will provide background information relating to the epidemiology of stuttering in terms of onset, speech characteristics, predictive factors, and current evidence-based practice. Background information pertaining to a sound system disorder and common therapeutic approaches will be discussed as well. Research regarding current clinical practice when treating both disorders and the efficacy behind treating both at the ...


Accuracy In Screening For Autism Spectrum Disorder In Children With Down Syndrome, Molly Tessin 2020 Fontbonne University

Accuracy In Screening For Autism Spectrum Disorder In Children With Down Syndrome, Molly Tessin

2020 Speech-Language Pathology Posters

There is a high variance in prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorder in individuals with Down syndrome because of the absence in accurate screening measures for this specific population. Many professionals mistake a child’s deficits in social, language, linguistic, and adaptive skills as symptoms of an intellectual disability, which is a common characteristic found in individuals with DS, rather than as characteristics of co-occurring ASD. Due to this, appropriate interventions may be hindered or the child may be placed in an inappropriate educational placement, which could lead parents and/or caregivers to unnecessary hardship.


Anxiety Post-Stroke, Jacob Lendy 2020 Fontbonne University

Anxiety Post-Stroke, Jacob Lendy

2020 Speech-Language Pathology Posters

Around 20% of those who have had a stroke present with anxiety or anxiety-related symptoms along with change in quality of life and course of treatment of the stroke. This session will provide an overview of anxiety and anxiety-related disorders in post stroke patients while providing detail into defining characteristics of the disorder.


Language/Cognition Components Of Religious Expression For Clients Living Post Cva, Elizabeth Buckley 2020 Fontbonne University

Language/Cognition Components Of Religious Expression For Clients Living Post Cva, Elizabeth Buckley

2020 Speech-Language Pathology Posters

This presentation will provide information on the difficulties related to language and cognition clients face pertaining to the expression of their religious beliefs after a CVA. The three most common types of aphasia (Broca’s Wernicke’s, and Global) that commonly follow a CVA will be defined. The impact on emotional and cognitive functioning due to an inability to fully engage in religious practices will be discussed. Lastly, interventions to be used by SLPs to support language use and cognitive functioning in avenues of religious expression will be explained.


The Effects Of Communication Partner Training On People With Aphasia And Their Communication Partners, Allie Irene Mueller 2020 Fontbonne University

The Effects Of Communication Partner Training On People With Aphasia And Their Communication Partners, Allie Irene Mueller

2020 Speech-Language Pathology Posters

Communication partners of people with aphasia (PWA) often experience difficulties in their conversations with PWA; these individuals often lack adequate communication support strategies when conversing with PWA. Communication partner training (CPT) is an expanding field within aphasiology that has been shown to have positive impacts on the communicative ability and well-being of communication partners and/or PWA. This session will provide an overview of CPT and its effects on PWA and their communication partners. Various approaches within CPT will be discussed.


What Is Known About The Dual Diagnosis Of Asd And Down Syndrome?, Brielle Henne 2020 Fontbonne University

What Is Known About The Dual Diagnosis Of Asd And Down Syndrome?, Brielle Henne

2020 Speech-Language Pathology Posters

The poster will provide an overview of what is known about the dual diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder and Down Syndrome. Two common ways DS-ASD present will be separated into two groups. Identifiable brain differences that distinguish children with DS-ASD from those diagnosed with DS alone will be stated. The importance, obstacles, how to keep individuals with DS-ASD from falling through the cracks will be discussed.


Patient-Provider Communication In Inpatient Aac, Ellie Zempel 2020 Fontbonne University

Patient-Provider Communication In Inpatient Aac, Ellie Zempel

2020 Speech-Language Pathology Posters

This poster provides a definition of effective patient-provider communication and an overview of the barriers to and risks of poor patient-provider communication in an acute setting. The use of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) supports in inpatient settings to improve patient outcomes and to benefit both patient and provider will be discussed. Strategies to implement AAC tools and the role of the SLP in supporting effective patient-provider communication will be identified.


Measuring Identity In Individuals With Aphasia At Fontbonne University, Caroline I. Koenig 2020 Fontbonne University

Measuring Identity In Individuals With Aphasia At Fontbonne University, Caroline I. Koenig

2020 Speech-Language Pathology Posters

This research proposal will outline how modifying a pre-existing identity scale can measure whether G.R.A.C.E. therapy at Fontbonne University works to increase a sense of identity in individuals with aphasia and potential next steps in furthering the study.


Self-Identity And Social Communication In Children Who Are Deaf And Hard-Of-Hearing, Traci Henry 2020 Fontbonne University

Self-Identity And Social Communication In Children Who Are Deaf And Hard-Of-Hearing, Traci Henry

2020 Speech-Language Pathology Posters

In the current research, there was a reported relationship between self-identity and social communication development.


Effects Of Pans/Pandas On Communication: A Review Of The Literature And Implications For The Slp, Lauren Miller 2020 Fontbonne University

Effects Of Pans/Pandas On Communication: A Review Of The Literature And Implications For The Slp, Lauren Miller

2020 Speech-Language Pathology Posters

PANS, or Pediatric Acute Onset Neuropsychiatric Syndrome, is characterized by a dramatic onset of neuropsychiatric symptoms such as obsessions, compulsions, tics, depression and anxiety. This syndrome is typically triggered by infections, metabolic disturbances or other inflammatory reactions. PANS is the overall category in which PANDAS falls, with which the trigger is the streptococcal infection. PANS can cause deterioration of a child’s school performance. More specifically, the child may suddenly present with ADHD, deficits in memory, and cognitive changes. Speech, language and feeding can be impacted due to the antibodies attacking the brain in response to PANDAS/PANS. A child ...


Social Communication Deficits In Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder (Asd), Toni Simmons 2020 Fontbonne University

Social Communication Deficits In Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder (Asd), Toni Simmons

2020 Speech-Language Pathology Posters

Social communication deficits are characterized by difficulties in social interaction, social cognition and pragmatics. These skills include but are not limited to responding to others, using gestures and talking about emotions and feelings and often occur in children diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Research reveals that males are 3 to 4 times more likely to receive a diagnosis of ASD than females. Diagnostic criteria for ASD are more often related to symptoms presented by males rather than females because of this imbalance. This can result in females with ASD being misdiagnosed or receiving a later diagnosis. This review of ...


Analysis Of Reported Therapeutic Effects Of Aphasia Choir Participation, Sarah Dixon 2020 Fontbonne University

Analysis Of Reported Therapeutic Effects Of Aphasia Choir Participation, Sarah Dixon

2020 Speech-Language Pathology Posters

This research and review of literature aims to explore the potential for therapeutic efficacy and potential of people with expressive aphasia and/or apraxia of speech participating in Aphasia choir to improve speech. By reviewing relevant literature and patient-reported anecdotes, the implications neural components of music-based interventions will be discussed.


The Effect Of Insurance Coverage On Access To Aural Rehabilitation Services For Adults Following Cochlear Implantation: A Review Of The Significance Of Aural Rehabilitation For Adults With Cochlear Implants, Alyssa Regna 2020 Fontbonne University

The Effect Of Insurance Coverage On Access To Aural Rehabilitation Services For Adults Following Cochlear Implantation: A Review Of The Significance Of Aural Rehabilitation For Adults With Cochlear Implants, Alyssa Regna

2020 Speech-Language Pathology Posters

More than 324,000 individuals use cochlear implants worldwide, and this number is consistently increasing. Aural rehabilitation services are necessary for many reasons. These services help individuals utilize their device(s) to increase speech perception and word recognition, allowing them to better understand spoken language. They also encourage selfadvocacy skills and active participation in conversation across all settings and contexts. Limited and low levels of insurance coverage/reimbursement impede access to cochlear implants and aural rehabilitation services for adults following cochlear implant surgery.


Communicative Function And Diversity In Provider, Deaf And Hard-Of-Hearing Child, And Caregiver Speech During Telepractice, Rebekah G. O'Bryan, Jessica M. Julian, Maria V. Kondaurova 2020 University of Louisville

Communicative Function And Diversity In Provider, Deaf And Hard-Of-Hearing Child, And Caregiver Speech During Telepractice, Rebekah G. O'Bryan, Jessica M. Julian, Maria V. Kondaurova

Undergraduate Arts and Research Showcase

How does the use of telepractice during speech language therapy affect the communicative function and communicative diversity of provider, deaf and hard-of-hearing (DHH) pediatric patient, and caregiver speech? This study examined communicative functions and diversity in the provider, DHH children with cochlear implants (n = 7, mean age = 4.9 years, range = 3.5-6.75 years), and caregiver utterances during one 30-minute in-person and one sequential tele session, order counterbalanced. To measure communicative function, each utterance was classified into 16 mutually exclusive categories for the child and into 15 categories for the adults. Communicative diversity was calculated as the number of ...


School-Based Speech-Language Pathologist Collaborative Practice: A Literature Review, Kaija R. Elenko 2020 The University Of Montana

School-Based Speech-Language Pathologist Collaborative Practice: A Literature Review, Kaija R. Elenko

Undergraduate Theses, Professional Papers, and Capstone Artifacts

Background: School-based speech language pathologists (SLPs) are increasing collaborative engagement with educators and other professionals in school settings. Collaborative practice in the general education classroom increased student’s awareness of literacy concepts. The push-in model of service delivery reached students with varied levels of literacy understanding. There is insufficient empirical evidence regarding school-based interprofessional practice (IPP) available to clinicians. Systemic reviews provide a model for educators and SLPs to follow; many professionals hesitate to engage in IPP because there is a deficiency in evidence of success.

Aims: Investigation of the necessary components for successful IPP and the impacts of collaboration ...


Impact Of Nicu Design On Feeding-Related Outcomes In Preterm Infants, Emma Kate Calvert 2020 University of Kentucky

Impact Of Nicu Design On Feeding-Related Outcomes In Preterm Infants, Emma Kate Calvert

Theses and Dissertations--Communication Sciences and Disorders

Many NICUs around the country are moving away from traditional open-bay designs in favor of single-family rooms (SFRs) as more is understood about the impact of the sensory environment on neurodevelopment in preterm infants. SFRs house one infant and their family for the length of the infant’s stay and are associated with improvements in numerous outcomes, including increased milk intake and weight gain and earlier transition to enteral feeding. Oral feeding remains a critical requirement for NICU discharge; however, the impact of NICU design on feeding outcomes remains unknown.

The purpose of this study was to compare feeding outcomes ...


Lexical-Semantic Access And Organization In Children Who Are Hard Of Hearing: Evidence From Verbal Fluency Tasks, Mary Wille 2020 University of Iowa

Lexical-Semantic Access And Organization In Children Who Are Hard Of Hearing: Evidence From Verbal Fluency Tasks, Mary Wille

Honors Theses at the University of Iowa

Language acquisition is complex. Auditory access supports spoken language acquisition. Children with hearing loss have limited auditory access and therefore are at risk for poorer language outcomes compared to typical hearing peers. Because children who are hard of hearing (HH) develop language via degraded auditory input, they have reduced access to the fine-grained phonological information that comprises words. Their limited auditory access can also cause children who are HH to hear words in fewer semantic contexts than children with typical hearing (TH). These differences in phonological sensitivity and semantic knowledge may lead to weaker lexical-semantic representations in children who are ...


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