Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Speech and Hearing Science Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

1,159 Full-Text Articles 1,570 Authors 455,702 Downloads 102 Institutions

All Articles in Speech and Hearing Science

Faceted Search

1,159 full-text articles. Page 1 of 44.

Implicit Learning In Preschool Children With And Without Developmental Language Disorder, Abigail E. Tolomei 2022 Portland State University

Implicit Learning In Preschool Children With And Without Developmental Language Disorder, Abigail E. Tolomei

University Honors Theses

The study below was designed to compare implicit learning in fifty-two preschool-aged children with and without developmental language disorder (DLD) to test the Procedural Deficit Hypothesis (PDH). The PDH claims that procedural memory, the basis of implicit learning, is the main impairment in DLD. Using a computer-based program to conduct sound-meaning-mapping tasks, we asked children to select one of two images according to the corresponding sound they heard. After all the participants were tested, an additional cue was found in the experiment that impacted the data. Instead of the children attuning to the sounds to depict the correct answer, the ...


A Diagnostic Pocket Guide For Audiologists: Outer, Middle, And Inner Ear Disorders And Chronic Diseases, Ashley Andino 2022 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

A Diagnostic Pocket Guide For Audiologists: Outer, Middle, And Inner Ear Disorders And Chronic Diseases, Ashley Andino

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Given the Scope of Practice for Audiologists as outlined by the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA), the diverse occupational settings audiologists belong to, and the varied multidisciplinary collaboration necessary, audiologists are tasked with needing, at minimum, a baseline understanding of a wide range of disorders. This includes not only otological diseases, but multisystem disorders that affect the auditory system. While an abundance of diagnostic audiological information on various disorders and their impacts are available, there exists a gap in the availability of condensed and accessible diagnostic information for everyday use. The goal of the resulting diagnostic pocket guide is to provide ...


Audiologists' Perspectives On Noise Induced Hearing Loss, Rachael L. Cleary 2022 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Audiologists' Perspectives On Noise Induced Hearing Loss, Rachael L. Cleary

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Excessive noise has long been established in the literature as a prevalent workplace hazard. The high prevalence of occupational noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) has led to high economic costs and has produced many physical and mental health effects on workers exposed to occupational noise. Standards set by OSHA are implemented in the workplace in order to protect employees. Despite these regulations set by OSHA, millions of workers in the United States are still exposed to excessive occupational noise, with limited use of hearing protection. The high prevalence of occupational NIHL and low use of hearing protective devices (HPDs) brings into ...


Intervention Approaches For Childhood Apraxia Of Speech: An Overview Of Prevailing Treatment Methods, Toni Lewis 2022 Portland State University

Intervention Approaches For Childhood Apraxia Of Speech: An Overview Of Prevailing Treatment Methods, Toni Lewis

University Honors Theses

This paper aims to describe the theory and methods of select intervention approaches for childhood apraxia of speech so readers may better understand current treatment techniques. Covered in this paper are Rapid Syllable Transitions (ReST), Dynamic Temporal and Tactile Cueing (DTTC), Prompts for Restructuring Oral Muscular Phonetic Targets (PROMPT), as well as supplemental techniques such as augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) and ultrasound biofeedback. Also covered briefly are instances of CAS treatment in languages other than English.


Association Between Craniofacial Anomalies And Newborn Hearing Screening Fail Rate, Kaitlyn Sheapp, Ruth S. Marin, Larry Medwetsky 2022 Gallaudet University

Association Between Craniofacial Anomalies And Newborn Hearing Screening Fail Rate, Kaitlyn Sheapp, Ruth S. Marin, Larry Medwetsky

Journal of Early Hearing Detection and Intervention

Purpose: Increased knowledge of the prevalence of various craniofacial anomalies and their associated risks for hearing loss can help guide 1) development of evidence-based practice regarding detection and documentation of risk factors at birth and 2) health care professionals to make appropriate recommendations for follow-up testing and monitoring.

Method: Records were reviewed for 39,813 infants born at Adventist HealthCare Shady Grove Medical Center and White Oak Medical Center between January 1, 2014 and December 31, 2019 to determine the association between the presence of craniofacial anomalies and newborn hearing screening fail rates, as well as the prevalence of confirmed ...


Patients’ Perspective Of Patient-Centered Approach Vs. Biomedical Approach, Lakynn Hillhouse 2022 University of Mississippi

Patients’ Perspective Of Patient-Centered Approach Vs. Biomedical Approach, Lakynn Hillhouse

Honors Theses

Evidence-based practice in audiology may consist of a patient-centered approach or a biomedical approach when offering individuals the results of hearing evaluations. Boisvert et al. (2017) and the Institute for Defense Analysis confirmed that audiologists preferred to select one approach. The question was if an audiology patient is presented with two options of explaining the hearing health issues, which model/approach will be his or her preference?

Participants may have had unconscious biases related to race or gender that could have unknowingly impacted their perception of the videos. The results of this research will facilitate clinical understanding of individual preferences ...


The Efficacy Of The Student Communication Repair Inventory And Practical Training Program On Adolescent’S Self-Advocacy Skills In Communication Breakdowns, Karlye Tolbird 2022 University of Mississippi

The Efficacy Of The Student Communication Repair Inventory And Practical Training Program On Adolescent’S Self-Advocacy Skills In Communication Breakdowns, Karlye Tolbird

Honors Theses

Purpose

Hearing loss can affect several aspects of an adolescent’s life, particularly their self-advocacy skills and ability to communicate their needs in the classroom. Literature shows that adolescents between the ages of 12 and 18 years have a prevalence of hearing loss between 14.9 percent and 19.5 percent (Shargorodsky et al., 2010). Therefore, early identification and intervention of hearing loss are necessary to reduce the adverse effects on the development of cognition, verbal communication skills, and self-advocacy skills (Michael & Zidan, 2018). This research study aimed to determine if the implementation of the SCRIPT program changes the communication ...


How Are The Features Of Infant Directed Speech Related To Cradling Bias?, Tiffany S. Jacob 2022 Northern Illinois University

How Are The Features Of Infant Directed Speech Related To Cradling Bias?, Tiffany S. Jacob

Honors Capstones

The current study explored whether the cradling bias observed in mothers of very young infants is related to acoustic features of infant directed speech. Six mothers were asked to set their 4-month-old infants down and pick them up to determine which side mothers used to cradle their infants. Mothers were placed in two groups: left-sided cradling bias and right-sided cradling bias. The mothers were then recorded as they talked to their infants while they shared books and simple toys designed to elicit the vowels /i/, /a/, and /u/. Vowel fundamental frequency (/i, a, u/) and word length (i.e., “sheep ...


Implicit Learning In Preschoolers With Developmental Language Disorder, Crystal L. Cairns, Sam Ward, Emma Duran, Molly Franz, Carolyn Quam 2022 Portland State University

Implicit Learning In Preschoolers With Developmental Language Disorder, Crystal L. Cairns, Sam Ward, Emma Duran, Molly Franz, Carolyn Quam

Student Research Symposium

We compared implicit learning in preschoolers with and without developmental language disorder (DLD), to test the procedural deficit hypothesis (PDH), which proposes that implicit learning is the core impairment in DLD. During the first experiment we tested 26 preschoolers with typical language development (TLD) and 26 preschoolers with DLD. Eligibility was determined through standardized assessment. We predicted children with DLD would show impairments in a test of implicit learning.

Using computer-based tasks, participants received training on sound discrimination in two dimensions: duration and pitch.They were tested on their ability to accurately categorize these two dimensions by mapping sounds to ...


Factors Impacting Heritage Language Maintenance In Children, Helena Sai 2022 Portland State University

Factors Impacting Heritage Language Maintenance In Children, Helena Sai

Student Research Symposium

This review article aims to examine families’ beliefs and strategies regarding heritage language maintenance in the US. Language status, caregiver beliefs, and community factors are explored in relation to language maintenance across generations. The broader context in which parents make decisions about family language policies were investigated through the following research questions:

  1. What is the nature of the relationship between a heritage language’s language status in society and language maintenance across generations?

  2. How do parents’ beliefs about the impact of heritage language on academic, social, and career success influence their decision to pass this language to their children?

  3. To ...


Perspectives Of Special Educators And Paraprofessionals On Person-Centered Planning Tools For People Who Use Aac, Samantha K. Stidham, Brandon Eddy, Andryce Andres 2022 Portland State University

Perspectives Of Special Educators And Paraprofessionals On Person-Centered Planning Tools For People Who Use Aac, Samantha K. Stidham, Brandon Eddy, Andryce Andres

Student Research Symposium

Person-centered planning (PCP) is an intervention approach for people experiencing disability. This often results in a document outlining the individual’s preferences in their care, life goals, and transitions. Some people with disabilities communicate using augmentative and alternative communication (AAC), which supplements or compensates for impairments in speech and language production often involving the use of external communication tools. Current PCP tools may not fulfill the needs of people who use AAC (PWUAAC) due to limited focus on supporting communication. No PCP tools yet exist specifically designed for PWUAAC. The purpose of this study was to inform the design of ...


Augmentative And Alternative Communication Course Design And Features: An Analysis Of Course Syllabi And Calendars, Celine Goodbody, Hosanna Broderick, Brandon Eddy 2022 Portland State University

Augmentative And Alternative Communication Course Design And Features: An Analysis Of Course Syllabi And Calendars, Celine Goodbody, Hosanna Broderick, Brandon Eddy

Student Research Symposium

Augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) is an area of clinical practice that supplements or compensates for impairments in speech-language production and/or comprehension (ASHA, n.d.). A survey study by Johnson and Prebor (2019) found 86% of graduate speech-language pathology (SLP) programs offered an AAC course, though half (49%) suggested their students were underprepared to provide AAC services. High-quality graduate training, including AAC coursework, has been suggested as a solution to prepare clinicians to provide AAC services. Recently, Sauerwein and Burris (2021) surveyed AAC course instructors at accredited SLP graduate programs to analyze AAC course design features. Sixty-four (24.2 ...


Investigation Of The Externship Selection Process Across Asha-Accredited Speech Language Pathology Programs, Teale Niles, Lindsey Schwab, Brandon Eddy 2022 Portland State University

Investigation Of The Externship Selection Process Across Asha-Accredited Speech Language Pathology Programs, Teale Niles, Lindsey Schwab, Brandon Eddy

Student Research Symposium

Graduate students in speech-language pathology (SLP) must complete 400 clinical clock hours during graduate training, the majority of which frequently come from off-campus externship experiences. Graduate students are matched to externship sites by their program. No studies to date have systematically documented how graduate programs in speech-language pathology select students for externship experiences nor the constraints involved in the externship process (e.g., academic schedule). The goal of this study is to survey ASHA accredited SLP programs to describe the current procedures being used to place students at externship sites and the roles and perspectives of the externship coordinators. Externship ...


Patterns Of And Experiences With Dysphagia In People With Hypermobile Ehlers Danlos Syndrome (Heds) With Or Without Dysautonomia, Karyssa A. Stonick, Deanna Britton Dr., Emily Goble, Alison Wong, Alena Guggenheim Dr., Donna Graville 2022 Portland State University

Patterns Of And Experiences With Dysphagia In People With Hypermobile Ehlers Danlos Syndrome (Heds) With Or Without Dysautonomia, Karyssa A. Stonick, Deanna Britton Dr., Emily Goble, Alison Wong, Alena Guggenheim Dr., Donna Graville

Student Research Symposium

Ehlers Danlos Syndromes (EDS) are collagen-based hereditary connective tissue disorders characterized by decreased tissue integrity. Historically, the musculoskeletal and dermatological manifestations have been emphasized. However, EDS is associated with symptoms and conditions affecting nearly all body systems, including swallowing (dysphagia). A Cohort Discovery analysis at Oregon Health & Science University (OHSU) revealed that 14.9% ± 0.3% of patients with an ICD-10 diagnosis of EDS also have an ICD-10 diagnosis of dysphagia in their medical record. Despite only one article in the current literature, the prevalence of dysphagia in EDS is not insignificant and warrants further investigation. Our long-term hypothesis is ...


Respiratory Function In Transgender And Gender Diverse Individuals On Testosterone Therapy: A Comparative Study, Jillian River R. Browy, Alicia Heitzman, Deanna Britton, Jeff Conn, Karen Drake, Aaron Ziegler 2022 Portland State University

Respiratory Function In Transgender And Gender Diverse Individuals On Testosterone Therapy: A Comparative Study, Jillian River R. Browy, Alicia Heitzman, Deanna Britton, Jeff Conn, Karen Drake, Aaron Ziegler

Student Research Symposium

Introduction: The primary goal of this pilot study was to examine the impact of testosterone therapy, as part of medical treatment to align gender identity, on measures of respiration and voice.

Methods: Participants consisted of a group of transgender and gender-diverse individuals, assigned female at birth, who had been taking testosterone for at least one year and a control group of age- and race-matched peers, also assigned female at birth, who had never taken testosterone. Data were collected on the primary outcomes of respiratory volume and strength, reflected by measures of forced vital capacity (FVC), maximum inspiratory pressure (MIP), and ...


Qualitative Research Approaches: Descriptive Phenomenology In The Healthcare Field, Emily Goble, Karyssa Stonick, Alison Wong, Deanna Britton 2022 Portland State University

Qualitative Research Approaches: Descriptive Phenomenology In The Healthcare Field, Emily Goble, Karyssa Stonick, Alison Wong, Deanna Britton

Student Research Symposium

Qualitative research analyzes psychosocial aspects of the world in an effort to synthesize and understand lived experiences. It is a powerful tool for collecting rich data to explore and build theory in new areas of research with limited existing theory. This oral presentation will share an overview of commonly used qualitative research approaches and their applications with a focus on descriptive phenomenology for patient-centered healthcare research. Developed as part of a student-led research team looking into experiences of dysphagia among individuals with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, this project will justify why we selected a descriptive phenomenological approach for this project, provide a ...


Developing Therapeutic Alliance Through Improvisation: A State-Of-The-Art Review For The Speech-Language Pathologist, Ryan DePauw 2022 Portland State University

Developing Therapeutic Alliance Through Improvisation: A State-Of-The-Art Review For The Speech-Language Pathologist, Ryan Depauw

Student Research Symposium

Background: With the needs of patients in modern healthcare becoming increasingly complex, providers may benefit from using adaptive skills to develop therapeutic alliance in patient-centered care. This review examined the potential application and benefit of theatrical improvisational skills in healthcare generally and in the allied health profession of speech-language pathology specifically.

Methods: A literature search was completed across 6 databases. Search terms included “clinical improvisation,” “medical improvisation,” and “applied improvisation.” Searches were limited to journal articles published in English from November 2011 through November 2021. Articles included for full review were of original research and focused on applied improvisation in ...


Building Speech Pattern 1: Picture Stimuli, Kathy J. Jakielski 2022 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Building Speech Pattern 1: Picture Stimuli, Kathy J. Jakielski

Building Speech and Quantifying Complexity

Building Speech Pattern 1: Picture Stimuli is part 1 of 8 in the picture stimuli to accompany the Building Speech & Quantifying Complexity documents. To see the full series, visit: https://digitalcommons.augustana.edu/cgi/siteview.cgi/csdbuildingspeech

Building Speech & Quantifying Complexity is a dual approach to treating and evaluating articulatory complexity in child speech. It has two components: Building Speech and Quantifying Complexity. These two components can be used independently or together. When used together, the speech-language pathologist has a method for selecting goals and targets of varying levels of articulatory difficulty, plus a means for measuring changes in a ...


Building Speech Pattern 2: Picture Stimuli, Kathy J. Jakielski 2022 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Building Speech Pattern 2: Picture Stimuli, Kathy J. Jakielski

Building Speech and Quantifying Complexity

Building Speech Pattern 2: Picture Stimuli is part 2 of 8 in the picture stimuli to accompany the Building Speech & Quantifying Complexity documents. To see the full series, visit: https://digitalcommons.augustana.edu/cgi/siteview.cgi/csdbuildingspeech

Building Speech & Quantifying Complexity is a dual approach to treating and evaluating articulatory complexity in child speech. It has two components: Building Speech and Quantifying Complexity. These two components can be used independently or together. When used together, the speech-language pathologist has a method for selecting goals and targets of varying levels of articulatory difficulty, plus a means for measuring changes in a ...


Building Speech Pattern 3: Picture Stimuli, Kathy J. Jakielski 2022 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Building Speech Pattern 3: Picture Stimuli, Kathy J. Jakielski

Building Speech and Quantifying Complexity

Building Speech Pattern 3: Picture Stimuli is part 3 of 8 in the picture stimuli to accompany the Building Speech & Quantifying Complexity documents. To see the full series, visit: https://digitalcommons.augustana.edu/cgi/siteview.cgi/csdbuildingspeech

Building Speech & Quantifying Complexity is a dual approach to treating and evaluating articulatory complexity in child speech. It has two components: Building Speech and Quantifying Complexity. These two components can be used independently or together. When used together, the speech-language pathologist has a method for selecting goals and targets of varying levels of articulatory difficulty, plus a means for measuring changes in a ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress