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Racial Differences In The Effect Of Apoe-Ε4 Genotypes On Trail Making Test Part B In Alzheimer’S Disease, Kaysie N. Ozuna, Annu Katithara, Chun Xu 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Racial Differences In The Effect Of Apoe-Ε4 Genotypes On Trail Making Test Part B In Alzheimer’S Disease, Kaysie N. Ozuna, Annu Katithara, Chun Xu

Research Symposium

The trail making test part B (TMT-B) is used to evaluate executive functions in order to better understand the progression of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). The objective of this study is to better understand the association of apolipoprotein E epsilon 4 (APOE-ε4) genotypes on the TMT-B scores in those with Alzheimer’s disease, specifically in the Hispanic population. This study used data from the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI). In total there were 482 participants with AD, 503 with cognitive normal (CN), 1,293 with MCI at baseline and a follow-up after four years. In this study the longitudinal effect of …


Dosimetric Study For Mastectomy Carcinoma Left Breast Cases With Volumetric Modulated Arc Therapy (Vmat), Jyoti Bisht, Meenu Gupta, Ravi Kant, Vipul Nautiyal, Viney Kumar, Rishabh Dobhal, Mushtaq Ahmad, Sunil Saini 2023 Swami Rama Himalayan University

Dosimetric Study For Mastectomy Carcinoma Left Breast Cases With Volumetric Modulated Arc Therapy (Vmat), Jyoti Bisht, Meenu Gupta, Ravi Kant, Vipul Nautiyal, Viney Kumar, Rishabh Dobhal, Mushtaq Ahmad, Sunil Saini

Research Symposium

Background: Radiation therapy for breast cancer has evolved from conventional to 3-dimentional radiation therapy (3-DCRT) and through more precise IMRT and VMAT. 3-DCRT is preferred for ca breast treatment as it reduces low dose area in contra lateral lung but with the advances in radiotherapy image guided techniques can deliver precise and lower doses to OARs with better coverage. This study is aimed to evaluate the doses of PTV, heart and ipsi-lateral lung with contra lateral lung doses delivered by VMAT technique.

Method and material: Total 10 patients of carcinoma left breast with mastectomy were selected for VMAT planning with …


Developing An Assay For Easy And Rapid Detection Of Als Biomarker(S): A Hypothesis, Swati Dhasmana, Anupam Dhasmana, Meena Jaggi, Murali M. Yallapu, Subhash C. Chauhan 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Developing An Assay For Easy And Rapid Detection Of Als Biomarker(S): A Hypothesis, Swati Dhasmana, Anupam Dhasmana, Meena Jaggi, Murali M. Yallapu, Subhash C. Chauhan

Research Symposium

Background: Death of motor neurons is the key pathology underlying neurodegenerative diseases such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Biomarkers are chemical changes in the biological fluids. Biomarkers serving as a diagnostic tool should be specific to the concerned disease. Biomarkers indicating disease progression should be very sensitive to demonstrate changes during the disease process as well as therapeutics development. Biomarkers proposed for ALS include poly (GP) repeats in C9orf72, neurofilaments, miRNAs, glutathione and 4HNE in CSF, SOD1/TDP43 protein, poly (GP) repeats in C9orf72, neurofilaments, T regulatory cells, CRP, chitotriosidase, creatinine, creatinine kinase, miRNAs, glutamate, albumin, uric acid, glutathione, ferritin, …


Unusual Inflammatory Presentation For Locally Advanced Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma, Ana I. Vargas, Samuel K. Snyder 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Unusual Inflammatory Presentation For Locally Advanced Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma, Ana I. Vargas, Samuel K. Snyder

Research Symposium

Background: Thyroid cancer usually presents as a thyroid nodule. If the history implies rapid growth of the nodule, new onset hoarseness or presence of ipsilateral cervical lymphadenopathy then it should raise concern for malignancy. Deep neck infection/inflammation has rarely been reported as initial presentation and these patients are potentially misdiagnosed.

Case Presentation: We present a 56-year-old male who comes to clinic for evaluation of left neck nodule. He started two weeks prior with sudden neck swelling associated with erythema and pain in his lower neck that caused choking sensation and swallowing discomfort, he was prescribed Bactrim and prednisone with improvement …


Using Cartesian Coordinate Systems To Create, Classify, And Retrieve Biomedical Time-Series: Applications To 24-Hour Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring, Antonio Garcia, Gladys E. Maestre, John Blangero, Jesus D. Melgarejo, Julio Facelli 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Using Cartesian Coordinate Systems To Create, Classify, And Retrieve Biomedical Time-Series: Applications To 24-Hour Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring, Antonio Garcia, Gladys E. Maestre, John Blangero, Jesus D. Melgarejo, Julio Facelli

Research Symposium

Background: Ambulatory Blood Pressure Measurement (ABPM) allows physicians to monitor blood pressure variability under everyday living conditions and predicts clinical outcomes better than conventional blood-pressure measurement. ABPM can demonstrate mean arterial pressure (MAP) behavior over 24 hours relevant to clinical practice, such as nocturnal hypertension or increased blood pressure variability. We hypothesized that individuals with the same cardiovascular health status would have the same MAP signal (MAPs) waveform.

Methods: This study reutilizes a data subset from the IDACO Consortium to create 24-hour MAPs. We assigned all the MAPs to data matrix X, performed principal components analysis (PCA) to X, and …


Pca-Clf: A Classifier Of Prostate Cancer Patients Into Patients With Indolent And Aggressive Tumors Using Machine Learning, Yashwanth Karthik Kumar Mamidi, Tarun Karthik Kumar Mamidi, Md Wasi Ul Kabir, Jiande Wu, Md Tamjidul Hoque, Chindo Hicks 2023 University of New Orleans

Pca-Clf: A Classifier Of Prostate Cancer Patients Into Patients With Indolent And Aggressive Tumors Using Machine Learning, Yashwanth Karthik Kumar Mamidi, Tarun Karthik Kumar Mamidi, Md Wasi Ul Kabir, Jiande Wu, Md Tamjidul Hoque, Chindo Hicks

School of Medicine Faculty Publications

A critical unmet medical need in prostate cancer (PCa) clinical management centers around distinguishing indolent from aggressive tumors. Traditionally, Gleason grading has been utilized for this purpose. However, tumor classification using Gleason Grade 7 is often ambiguous, as the clinical behavior of these tumors follows a variable clinical course. This study aimed to investigate the application of machine learning techniques (ML) to classify patients into indolent and aggressive PCas. We used gene expression data from The Cancer Genome Atlas and compared gene expression levels between indolent and aggressive tumors to identify features for developing and validating a range of ML …


Surgical Stabilization Of Multiple Rib Fractures In An Asian Population: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Weiwei He, Yi Yang, Raymark Salonga, Ledford Powell, Patrick Greiffenstein, Jonne T.H. Prins, Stephen Patrick Abella 2023 Shanghai Sixth People's Hospital

Surgical Stabilization Of Multiple Rib Fractures In An Asian Population: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Weiwei He, Yi Yang, Raymark Salonga, Ledford Powell, Patrick Greiffenstein, Jonne T.H. Prins, Stephen Patrick Abella

School of Medicine Faculty Publications

Background: There is no consensus on the effectiveness of surgical stabilization in multiple rib fractures in Asia, especially among patients with a non-flail rib fracture pattern. We aim to synthesize the evidence on the effectiveness of surgical stabilization of rib fractures (SSRF) in an Asian population with multiple nonflail rib fractures. Methods: The MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews were searched in this systematic literature review and meta-analysis to identify studies conducted in Asia that included patients with multiple non-flail rib fractures in at least one of their treatment groups. The …


A Causal Inference Study: The Impact Of The Combined Administration Of Donepezil And Memantine On Decreasing Hospital And Emergency Department Visits Of Alzheimer’S Disease Patients, Ehsan Yaghmaei, Albert Pierce, Hongxia Lu, Yesha M. Patel, Louis Ehwerhemuepha, Ahmad Rezaie, Seyed Ahmad Sajjadi, Cyril Rakovski 2023 Chapman University

A Causal Inference Study: The Impact Of The Combined Administration Of Donepezil And Memantine On Decreasing Hospital And Emergency Department Visits Of Alzheimer’S Disease Patients, Ehsan Yaghmaei, Albert Pierce, Hongxia Lu, Yesha M. Patel, Louis Ehwerhemuepha, Ahmad Rezaie, Seyed Ahmad Sajjadi, Cyril Rakovski

Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research

Alzheimer’s disease is the most common type of dementia that currently affects over 6.5 million people in the U.S. Currently there is no cure and the existing drug therapies attempt to delay the mental decline and improve cognitive abilities. Two of the most commonly prescribed such drugs are Donepezil and Memantine. We formally tested and confirmed the presence of a beneficial drug-drug interaction of Donepezil and Memantine using a causal inference analysis. We applied doubly robust estimators to one of the largest and high-quality medical databases to estimate the effect of two commonly prescribed Alzheimer’s disease (AD) medications, Donepezil and …


Anti-Inflammatory And Antioxidant Effects Of Sea Urchin Spine Extract, Dina Magdy El Gamal 2023 The American University in Cairo

Anti-Inflammatory And Antioxidant Effects Of Sea Urchin Spine Extract, Dina Magdy El Gamal

The Undergraduate Research Journal

Diadema savignyi spine extract in an experimental setup using L929 cell line in vitro. The cell metabolic activity of L929 cells is tested through an MTT assay. The sea urchin spine extract is applied to the cells in two concentrations: 100 μg/ml (136% viability) and 200 μg/ml (95% viability). The bioactive components of the sea urchin spine are identified via GC-MS, and the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities are evaluated using catalase assay (CAT), glutathione (GSH), and nitric oxide (NO) tests. Results show that the GC-MS identified bioactive components including the anti-inflammatory and anti-irritant bisabolol oxide and the pro-inflammatory oleic acid. …


The Role Of Molecular Thyroseq V3 Testing For Diagnosis And Management Of Indeterminate Thyroid Nodules., Ruth Delahunty 2023 Munster Technological University

The Role Of Molecular Thyroseq V3 Testing For Diagnosis And Management Of Indeterminate Thyroid Nodules., Ruth Delahunty

International Undergraduate Journal of Health Sciences

Worldwide, thyroid cancer is the 8th most common malignancy (3rd most common in women) and in recent years, there has been increased incidence of thyroid cancer worldwide. There is currently said to be a of thyroid nodules as of 2022. When it comes to the management of indeterminate thyroid nodules, clinical decision making can be challenging.

Thyroseq V3 testing may be used to determine the percentage probability of a thyroid nodule of being either malignant or benign, through a complex algorithm with next generation sequencing techniques, currently testing is done in the University of Pittsburgh and therefore is …


Correlación Entre La Sintomatología Ocular Asociada Al Síndrome Visual Informático E Insuficiencia De Convergencia, César Luis Ruiz Sanabria, Erika Yuliana Niño Vega, Sandra Patricia Jurado 2023 Universidad de La Salle, Bogotá

Correlación Entre La Sintomatología Ocular Asociada Al Síndrome Visual Informático E Insuficiencia De Convergencia, César Luis Ruiz Sanabria, Erika Yuliana Niño Vega, Sandra Patricia Jurado

Ciencia y Tecnología para la Salud Visual y Ocular

El incremento en la demanda de uso de dispositivos electrónicos y pantallas digitales ha provocado la aparición de trastornos músculo esqueléticos, psicosociales y visuales; dentro de estos últimos se encuentra el trastorno denominado síndrome visual informático (svi), que se ha reportado desde hace más de veinte años; su tasa en la población oscila entre el 37 % y el 70 % (1). La alta recurrencia de alteraciones visuales dentro del svi permite relacionarlo con disfunciones de la visión binocular como la insuficiencia de convergencia (ic). Objetivo general: identificar la correlación existente entre la sintomatología ocular asociada al síndrome visual informático …


Peripheral Arterial Disease And Complications Of Total Knee Arthroplasty: Indications For Advanced Vascular Imaging And Minimally Invasive Soft Tissue Coverage Procedures, Kristopher Katira, Antony Martin, Anna Garbuzov, James Ferrer, Brian Chuong, Ross Parkerson, George Chimento 2023 Intermountain Medical Center, Salt Lake City

Peripheral Arterial Disease And Complications Of Total Knee Arthroplasty: Indications For Advanced Vascular Imaging And Minimally Invasive Soft Tissue Coverage Procedures, Kristopher Katira, Antony Martin, Anna Garbuzov, James Ferrer, Brian Chuong, Ross Parkerson, George Chimento

School of Medicine Faculty Publications

Soft tissue coverage of knee wounds can be challenging, in particular in the setting of peripheral arterial disease and knee arthroplasty complications. Options for soft-tissue coverage range from conservative wound care to invasive pedicled and free flaps. Unlike traditional wound coverage problems in plastic surgery patients, arthroplasty coverage decisions oblige surgeons to take into account the possibility of secondary orthopedic procedures. The two cases presented in this manuscript demonstrate the importance of vascular imaging, in particular angiography. In both cases, the workhorse medial gastrocnemius flap harvest could have resulted in critical limb ischemia. When secondary orthopedic revision is required at …


Automatic Cardiac Mri Image Segmentation And Mesh Generation, Ziyuan Li 2023 Washington University in St. Louis

Automatic Cardiac Mri Image Segmentation And Mesh Generation, Ziyuan Li

McKelvey School of Engineering Theses & Dissertations

Segmenting and reconstructing cardiac anatomical structures from magnetic resonance (MR) images is essential for the quantitative measurement and automatic diagnosis of cardiovascular diseases [1]. However, manual evaluation of the time-series cardiac MRI (CMRI) obtained during routine clinical care are laborious, inefficient, and tends to produce biased and non-reproducible results [2]. This thesis proposes an end-to-end pipeline for automatically segmenting short-axis (SAX) CMRI images and generating high-quality 2D and 3D meshes suitable for finite element analysis. The main advantage of our approach is that it can not only work as a stand-alone pipeline for the automatic CMR image segmentation and mesh …


Submental Intubation In Oral Maxillofacial Surgery: A Case Report And Review Of Indications And Complications, Ed W. Alvarado, Jennifer Inofomoh, Mark Lavering, Diego Aleman 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Submental Intubation In Oral Maxillofacial Surgery: A Case Report And Review Of Indications And Complications, Ed W. Alvarado, Jennifer Inofomoh, Mark Lavering, Diego Aleman

MEDI 9331 Scholarly Activities Clinical Years

Background: Submental intubation has emerged as a crucial alternative airway management technique within the realm of oral maxillofacial surgery, addressing scenarios where conventional intraoral or nasal intubation proves infeasible or hazardous. The landscape of oral maxillofacial surgeries is characterized by intricate fractures, extensive soft tissue damage, and anatomical deviations that render traditional intubation methods untenable. This innovative technique involves the insertion of a modified oral endotracheal tube through a submental incision, subsequently threading it into the oropharynx. This procedure ensures secure airway access while safeguarding the integrity of oral and nasal passages. This modality reaps manifold benefits, spanning augmented …


Rod-Specific Downregulation Of Omega-3 Very-Long-Chain Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid Pathway In Age-Related Macular Degeneration, William C. Gordon, Marie Audrey I. Kautzmann, Bokkyoo Jun, Megan L. Cothern, Zhide Fang, Nicolas G. Bazan 2023 LSU Health Sciences Center - New Orleans

Rod-Specific Downregulation Of Omega-3 Very-Long-Chain Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid Pathway In Age-Related Macular Degeneration, William C. Gordon, Marie Audrey I. Kautzmann, Bokkyoo Jun, Megan L. Cothern, Zhide Fang, Nicolas G. Bazan

School of Medicine Faculty Publications

Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA; 22:6) plays a key role in vision and is the precursor for very-long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (VLC-PUFAs). The release of 32- and 34-carbon VLC-PUFAs and DHA from sn-1 and sn-2 of phosphatidylcholine (PC) leads to the synthesis of cell-survival mediators, the elovanoids (ELVs) and neuroprotectin D1 (NPD1), respectively. Macula and periphery from age-related macular degeneration (AMD) donor retinas were assessed for the availability of DHA-related lipids by LC-MS/MS-based lipidomic analysis and MALDI-molecular imaging. We found reduced retina DHA and VLC-PUFA pathways to synthesize omega-3 ELVs from precursors that likely resulted in altered disks and photoreceptor loss. Additionally, …


Maximizing Wound Coverage In Full-Thickness Skin Defects: A Randomized-Controlled Trial Of Autologous Skin Cell Suspension And Widely Meshed Autograft Versus Standard Autografting, Sharon Henry, Steven Mapula, Mark Grevious, Kevin N. Foster, Herbert Phelan, Jeffrey Shupp, Rodney Chan, David Harrington, Neil Mashruwala, David A. Brown, Haaris Mir, George Singer, Alfredo Cordova, Lisa Rae, Theresa Chin, Lourdes Castanon, Derek Bell, William Hughes, Joseph A. Molnar 2023 University of Maryland Medical Center, Baltimore, MD

Maximizing Wound Coverage In Full-Thickness Skin Defects: A Randomized-Controlled Trial Of Autologous Skin Cell Suspension And Widely Meshed Autograft Versus Standard Autografting, Sharon Henry, Steven Mapula, Mark Grevious, Kevin N. Foster, Herbert Phelan, Jeffrey Shupp, Rodney Chan, David Harrington, Neil Mashruwala, David A. Brown, Haaris Mir, George Singer, Alfredo Cordova, Lisa Rae, Theresa Chin, Lourdes Castanon, Derek Bell, William Hughes, Joseph A. Molnar

School of Medicine Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND Traumatic insults, infection, and surgical procedures can leave skin defects that are not amenable to primary closure. Split-thickness skin grafting (STSG) is frequently used to achieve closure of these wounds. Although effective, STSG can be associated with donor site morbidity, compounding the burden of illness in patients undergoing soft tissue reconstruction procedures. With an expansion ratio of 1:80, autologous skin cell suspension (ASCS) has been demonstrated to significantly decrease donor skin requirements compared with traditional STSG in burn injuries. We hypothesized that the clinical performance of ASCS would be similar for soft tissue reconstruction of nonburn wounds. METHODS A …


The Noloco Strategy For Essential Hypertension, F. Matthew Mihelic MD 2023 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

The Noloco Strategy For Essential Hypertension, F. Matthew Mihelic Md

Faculty Publications

Ninety-nine percent of all “essential” hypertension can be controlled by using the NoLoCo strategy, without causing any significant side-effects and without an increase in insulin resistance. NoLoCo stands for Norvasc (amlodipine), Lozol (indapamide), and Cozaar (losartan), but the medicines are considered and used in reverse order.


Targeting Breast Cancer: The Familiar, The Emerging, And The Uncharted Territories, Hamidreza Montazeri Aliabadi, Arthur Manda, Riya Sidgal, Co Chung 2023 Chapman University

Targeting Breast Cancer: The Familiar, The Emerging, And The Uncharted Territories, Hamidreza Montazeri Aliabadi, Arthur Manda, Riya Sidgal, Co Chung

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Breast cancer became the most diagnosed cancer in the world in 2020. Chemotherapy is still the leading clinical strategy in breast cancer treatment, followed by hormone therapy (mostly used in hormone receptor-positive types). However, with our ever-expanding knowledge of signaling pathways in cancer biology, new molecular targets are identified for potential novel molecularly targeted drugs in breast cancer treatment. While this has resulted in the approval of a few molecularly targeted drugs by the FDA (including drugs targeting immune checkpoints), a wide array of signaling pathways seem to be still underexplored. Also, while combinatorial treatments have become common practice in …


Calidad De Vida Y Productividad En Trabajadores Présbitas No Corregidos: Revisión Sistemática, Laura Natalia León Maldonado, Natalia Andrea Carrasco Romero, Karoll Lindhey Núñez Carranza, Nancy Piedad Molina-Montoya 2023 Universidad de La Salle, Bogotá

Calidad De Vida Y Productividad En Trabajadores Présbitas No Corregidos: Revisión Sistemática, Laura Natalia León Maldonado, Natalia Andrea Carrasco Romero, Karoll Lindhey Núñez Carranza, Nancy Piedad Molina-Montoya

Ciencia y Tecnología para la Salud Visual y Ocular

La presbicia es un proceso degenerativo normal asociado a la edad, que afecta al sistema visual dificultando enfocar con nitidez las imágenes en visión próxima, aspecto que puede generar la disminución de la productividad de los trabajadores que precisan realizar tareas de cerca y consecuentemente afectar su calidad de vida. La presente investigación tiene por objetivo sintetizar la evidencia científica sobre cómo la presbicia no corregida disminuye la productividad y la calidad de vida del trabajador mayor de 40 años. La metodología utilizada se basó en una búsqueda bibliográfica y el reporte se realizó cumpliendo los criterios de la declaración …


Caracterización Socioeconómica, Demográfica, Laboral Y Académica De Los Graduados De Optometría De La Universidad El Bosque En Bogotá, Colombia, Diana García-Lozada, José Rudas-Valero, Reinaldo Acosta-Martínez, Jenny Maritza Sánchez-Espinosa, Alejandra Mendivelso-Suárez, Lady Johana Morales-Solano 2023 Universidad El Bosque

Caracterización Socioeconómica, Demográfica, Laboral Y Académica De Los Graduados De Optometría De La Universidad El Bosque En Bogotá, Colombia, Diana García-Lozada, José Rudas-Valero, Reinaldo Acosta-Martínez, Jenny Maritza Sánchez-Espinosa, Alejandra Mendivelso-Suárez, Lady Johana Morales-Solano

Ciencia y Tecnología para la Salud Visual y Ocular

Objetivo: conocer las características socioeconómicas, demográficas, laborales y académicas de los graduados del Programa de Optometría de la Universidad El Bosque, entre el 2013 y el 2022. Métodos: estudio observacional de corte transversal analítico, en el que se envió una encuesta electrónica a 365 graduados del Programa de Optometría. El instrumento incluyó 54 preguntas sobre variables demográficas, socioeconómicas, laborales y de formación académica posgradual. Resultados: de 190 graduados que respondieron la encuesta el 79,7 % eran de sexo femenino y el 90,6 % tenían entre 21 y 30 años. El 76,3 % permanecían solteros, el 76,8 % no tenían personas …


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