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Counting Every Drop: Preventing Maternal Mortality With Quantifying Blood Loss Through Triton Scale, Summer Le 2022 University of San Francisco

Counting Every Drop: Preventing Maternal Mortality With Quantifying Blood Loss Through Triton Scale, Summer Le

Master's Projects and Capstones

Postpartum (PP) hemorrhage is one of the leading causes of maternal mortality (AWHONN, 2021). In each of the past three years, the percentage of PP hemorrhage has increased at Hospital X. The PP unit at Hospital X performs around 4,500 total deliveries each year. While the standard of care for PP blood loss is to specifically measure blood in milliliters as Quantifying Blood Loss (QBL) for Labor and Delivery (L&D), it is not yet the standard of care in the 24 hours postpartum after delivery (ACOG, 2019). This quality improvement project involved educating nurses about measuring blood loss – specifically past the initial measuring in L&D – using the Triton Scale and proper documentation of QBL onto EPIC, the hospital’s electronic patient record system (EPIC). This included creating an instructional video for the Triton Scale, flyers on how to document QBL, emails of changes and implementation, and surveys on nurses’ feedback for QBL implementation. Data collection focused on daily auditing of the nurses’ QBL documentation for the first two voids of a vaginal delivery, QBL for the first four hours of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS), and the first eight hours ERAS with ambulation. If a patient hemorrhages, the focus shifts to determine when the nurse notified the Medical Doctor (MD) or Obstetric (OB) rapid response. QBL compliance increased by 96% among all nurses in the PP unit. While QBL compliance increased, it was not statistically significant; however, important steps towards attaining this goal were found. Nurses have demonstrated significant improvements in the ability to use the Triton scale and the ability to properly document their ...


Anesthesia-To-Post Anesthesia Care Unit Handoff Standardization, Cassie Lee Bivens, Mark Timothy Cresap, Steven Michael Halcomb, Maureen Essie Taylor 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Anesthesia-To-Post Anesthesia Care Unit Handoff Standardization, Cassie Lee Bivens, Mark Timothy Cresap, Steven Michael Halcomb, Maureen Essie Taylor

Graduate Publications and Other Selected Works - Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)

Abstract

The exchange of medical information from one medical professional to another is known as the handoff. Communication errors during the transition period of handoffs can lead to medication errors, delays in care, high stress within the work environment, and increased burnout of the nursing staff. Approximately 1,744 deaths and a total of $1.7 billion in malpractice costs were related to healthcare communication failures from 2012 to 2017. One of the areas of the hospital where effective handoffs are critically important, given the high frequency, is in the post-anesthesia care unit (PACU). Major organizations such as the Joint ...


Quality Improvement: Education And Implementation Of Proper Narcotic Handling Practices By Nurse Anesthetists, Shelby Stevenson, Anne Hendershott, Alexis Asprah 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Quality Improvement: Education And Implementation Of Proper Narcotic Handling Practices By Nurse Anesthetists, Shelby Stevenson, Anne Hendershott, Alexis Asprah

Graduate Publications and Other Selected Works - Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)

Medication errors are estimated to occur once in every 150-300 surgeries (Wahr et al., 2017, p. 36). Unsafe injection practices can lead to increased morbidity and mortality, diminish the overall quality of life for patients, and contribute to substantial increases in healthcare costs. A large majority of unsafe injection practices are caused by a lack of education or mistaken beliefs regarding safe injection practices. Educational reinforcement of safe narcotic handling techniques has significant potential to increase the appropriate use of narcotic syringes among nurse anesthesia providers. The long-standing impact of this project could lead to a reduced number of ‘never ...


Alternate Site Pacing And The Impact On Intracellular Calcium Handling During The Post-Extrasystolic Cardiac Cycle, Kent Ozcan, Lawrence Mulligan 2022 Rowan University

Alternate Site Pacing And The Impact On Intracellular Calcium Handling During The Post-Extrasystolic Cardiac Cycle, Kent Ozcan, Lawrence Mulligan

Stratford Campus Research Day

Objective: Previous work has shown that alternate site (RV apex) results in myocardial dysfunction. With the development of tools to place endocardial pacing leads in locations that create physiological pacing activation, we sought to evaluate how ventricular trans-septal or left ventricular apical placement pacing differs from right atrial pacing. We will evaluate how these chronic pacing modes impact the PR and RF at baseline, 0, and 16 weeks in the canine heart.

Methods: Quantitative analysis will be performed on previously generated data. The data set includes pacing of 15 dogs total (8 with trans-septal leads & 7 with left ventricular apical ...


Analyzing The Survival Rate Of Clinically Pathogenic Bacteria On Occupational Therapy Devices Used During Full Hip Replacement Rehabilitation, Meredith Rippy 2022 University of Tennessee at Chattanooga

Analyzing The Survival Rate Of Clinically Pathogenic Bacteria On Occupational Therapy Devices Used During Full Hip Replacement Rehabilitation, Meredith Rippy

Honors Theses

An increasing concern of the healthcare system has been that of Healthcare-Associated Infections (HAIs). HAIs currently account for approximately 1.7 million infections and 99,000 deaths per year in United States hospitals. HAI’s (formerly called nosocomial infections) are defined as infections that develop in patients who have been in residence in a healthcare facility (i.e., in-patient clinics) for 48 hours or longer and who previously had no evidence of infection prior to admission. Consequences of HAIs include increased length of hospital stay, exposure to high frequency antibiotics, sepsis, and in unfortunate cases, death. In out-patient environments where ...


Inflatable Fall-Guard System, Ximiao Yang 2022 University of Arkansas

Inflatable Fall-Guard System, Ximiao Yang

Accounting Undergraduate Honors Theses

This paper attempts to use a fall guard system created by the senior capstone team to run marketing research, accounting calculation, and financial analysis.


Electrocardiogram-Based Machine Learning Emulator Model For Predicting Novel Echocardiography-Derived Phenogroups For Cardiac Risk-Stratification: A Prospective Multicenter Cohort Study, Heenaben B. Patel, Naveena Yanamala, Brijesh Patel, Sameer Raina, Peter D. Farjo, Srinidhi Sunkara, Márton Tokodi, Nobuyuki Kagiyama, Grace Casaclang-Verzosa, Partho P. Sengupta 2022 West Virginia University Heart and Vascular Institute

Electrocardiogram-Based Machine Learning Emulator Model For Predicting Novel Echocardiography-Derived Phenogroups For Cardiac Risk-Stratification: A Prospective Multicenter Cohort Study, Heenaben B. Patel, Naveena Yanamala, Brijesh Patel, Sameer Raina, Peter D. Farjo, Srinidhi Sunkara, Márton Tokodi, Nobuyuki Kagiyama, Grace Casaclang-Verzosa, Partho P. Sengupta

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: Electrocardiography (ECG)-derived machine learning models can predict echocardiography (echo)-derived indices of systolic or diastolic function. However, systolic and diastolic dysfunction frequently coexists, which necessitates an integrated assessment for optimal risk-stratification. We explored an ECG-derived model that emulates an echo-derived model that combines multiple parameters for identifying patient phenogroups at risk for major adverse cardiac events (MACE).

Methods: In this substudy of a prospective, multicenter study, patients from 3 institutions (n = 727) formed an internal cohort, and the fourth institution was reserved as an external test set (n = 518). A previously validated patient similarity analysis model was used ...


A Better Way To Non-Invasively Measure Bilirubin Levels To Protect Infant Health, Kristen MacKeil 2022 Kennesaw State University

A Better Way To Non-Invasively Measure Bilirubin Levels To Protect Infant Health, Kristen Mackeil

Symposium of Student Scholars

Background: Jaundice screening using transcutaneous bilirubin(TcB) monitors often produce inaccurately low results for lighter skin tone newborns and inaccurately high results for darker skin tone newborns. While high jaundice levels for lighter skin tone newborns risk going undetected, darker skin tone newborns receive unnecessary follow up heel sticks for serum bilirubin determination. This is a problem because dangerous jaundice levels may be under or over reported. Additionally, unnecessary heel sticks for darker skin tone newborns increase the risk of complications from puncture and increase newborn discomfort. Performing the heel stick and processing the blood sample also cost nurses and ...


Reducing Pediatric Procedural Pain Using Virtual Reality, Emily Davis, Carmen Bandy 2022 Murray State University

Reducing Pediatric Procedural Pain Using Virtual Reality, Emily Davis, Carmen Bandy

Scholars Week

Above all else, children require stability in their lives in order to develop a healthy perspective of the world. Feelings of instability can come from something as small as a change in schools. In the practice of pediatric medicine it is especially important to avoid these feelings of instability, which can lead children to develop healthcare-anxiety. Healthcare settings can be exceptionally emotionally taxing to children, because the children have a complete lack of control over their environment. This lack of control combined with fear and potentially pain can be incredibly distressing. While it is easy to disregard a child’s ...


Temporary Epicardial Pacing Wires In Isolated Coronary Artery Bypass Graft: Necessity Or Force Of Habit?, Mian Mustafa Kamal, Abdul Ahad Sohail, Majid Osman, Shiraz Hashmi, Muhammad Mehdi, Asma Altaf Hussain Merchant, Hasanat Sharif 2022 Aga Khan University

Temporary Epicardial Pacing Wires In Isolated Coronary Artery Bypass Graft: Necessity Or Force Of Habit?, Mian Mustafa Kamal, Abdul Ahad Sohail, Majid Osman, Shiraz Hashmi, Muhammad Mehdi, Asma Altaf Hussain Merchant, Hasanat Sharif

Section of Cardiothoracic Surgery

Objective: To determine the frequency of Temporary epicardial pacing wires usage and its predictors in the immediate postoperative period in isolated coronary artery bypass graft surgery.
Methods: The longitudinal study was conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, from September 2019 to August 2020, and comprised adult patients of either gender who underwent isolated coronary artery bypass graft in the Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery. Demographic, peri-operative and post-operative Temporary Epicardial Pacing Wires use data was extracted from patient's files and the institutional electronic database. Logistic regression models were built to explore predictors of Temporary epicardial pacing wires usage ...


Surgical Research: Exploring Our History - Navigating The Future, Nadeem Ahmed Siddiqui, Muhammad Shahzad Shamim, Syed Ather Enam 2022 Aga Khan University

Surgical Research: Exploring Our History - Navigating The Future, Nadeem Ahmed Siddiqui, Muhammad Shahzad Shamim, Syed Ather Enam

Department of Surgery

No abstract provided.


Monitoring And Evaluation Of Patient Engagement In Health Product Research And Development: Co-Creating A Framework For Community Advisory Boards, Sevgi E. Fruytier, Lidewij Eva Vat, Rob Camp, François Houÿez, Hilde De Keyser, Denise Dunne, Davide Marchi, Laura McKeaveney, Richard H. Pitt, Carina A.C.M. Pittens, Meagan F. Vaughn, Elena Zhuravleva, Tjerk Jan Schuitmaker-Warnaar 2022 Athena Institute, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam

Monitoring And Evaluation Of Patient Engagement In Health Product Research And Development: Co-Creating A Framework For Community Advisory Boards, Sevgi E. Fruytier, Lidewij Eva Vat, Rob Camp, François Houÿez, Hilde De Keyser, Denise Dunne, Davide Marchi, Laura Mckeaveney, Richard H. Pitt, Carina A.C.M. Pittens, Meagan F. Vaughn, Elena Zhuravleva, Tjerk Jan Schuitmaker-Warnaar

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: While patient engagement is becoming more customary in developing health products, its monitoring and evaluation to understand processes and enhance impact are challenging. This article describes a patient engagement monitoring and evaluation (PEME) framework, co-created and tailored to the context of community advisory boards (CABs) for rare diseases in Europe. It can be used to stimulate learning and evaluate impacts of engagement activities.

Methods: A participatory approach was used in which data collection and analysis were iterative. The process was based on the principles of interactive learning and action and guided by the PEME framework. Data were collected via ...


Increasing Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Compliance With Various Telemedicine Interventions: An Integrated Literature Review, Tracy Partington 2021 The University of San Francisco

Increasing Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Compliance With Various Telemedicine Interventions: An Integrated Literature Review, Tracy Partington

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) Projects

Aims and Objectives. This literature review's objective was to synthesize evidence from previously published literature on telemedicine interventions' effectiveness on CPAP (Continuous Positive Airway Pressure) therapy compliance.

Background. It is estimated that 22 million Americans suffer from a form of Sleep Apnea (SA), and those up to 80 percent of the cases of moderate to severe Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) are undiagnosed (Sleep Apnea, n,d). The first-line therapy for OSA is CPAP. However, CPAP therapy is associated with low compliance rates.

Design. Systematic review.

Method. A multi-database literature search was conducted to identify published literature between 2009 and ...


3-In-1 Medical Lancet, Jonathan J. Panella, Gage Vogtlin, Marissa Koski, Benjamin Neyland 2021 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

3-In-1 Medical Lancet, Jonathan J. Panella, Gage Vogtlin, Marissa Koski, Benjamin Neyland

Mechanical Engineering

First responders need a quick, sterile, and convenient way to sample blood for glucose testing because glucose levels are a vital metric in assessing time-critical emergency situations. The blood sampling process consists of pre-sterilizing the sample site on the skin with an alcohol pad, pricking the skin with a lancet, and lastly, after sampling, putting a bandage over the prick site. The scope of this project is to design a device which integrates and streamlines the use of the three sub-processes (sterilization, lancing, and bandaging) while upholding the necessary requirements of a single-use medical device and considering other factors which ...


Evaluation Of Root-End Resection With Conventional And Ultrasonic Methods: A Single-Blind, Randomized In-Vitro Study, Mohammad Al Shammaa, Roula S. Abiad, Nayer Abo Elsaad 2021 Graduate Student, Faculty of Dentistry, Beirut Arab University, Beirut, Lebanon

Evaluation Of Root-End Resection With Conventional And Ultrasonic Methods: A Single-Blind, Randomized In-Vitro Study, Mohammad Al Shammaa, Roula S. Abiad, Nayer Abo Elsaad

BAU Journal - Creative Sustainable Development

The root-end resection is considered critical endodontic surgical procedure. Three millimeters of the root tip is resected and root-end cavity with parallel walls and comparable depth is cut to receive a root-end filling. The literature discussed dentinal cracks after root canal instrumentation and/or root dentine cutting. The aim of the present study was to assess cracks at root ends after resection with conventional versus ultrasonic techniques. Material and Methodology: Thirty-two extracted human lower premolar teeth with single root were used. Their root canals were prepared and received gutta-percha. Sixteen roots Group 1 were resected using tungsten carbide fissure burs ...


Mobile Phone Sensors Can Discern Medication-Related Gait Quality Changes In Parkinson's Patients In The Home Environment, Albert Pierce, Niklas König Ignasiak, Wilford K. Eiteman-Pang, Cyril Rakovski, Vincent Berardi 2021 Chapman University

Mobile Phone Sensors Can Discern Medication-Related Gait Quality Changes In Parkinson's Patients In The Home Environment, Albert Pierce, Niklas König Ignasiak, Wilford K. Eiteman-Pang, Cyril Rakovski, Vincent Berardi

Psychology Faculty Articles and Research

Patients with Parkinson's Disease (PD) experience daytime symptom fluctuations, which result in small amplitude, slow and unstable walking during times when medication attenuates. The ability to identify dysfunctional gait patterns throughout the day from raw mobile phone acceleration and gyroscope signals would allow the development of applications to provide real-time interventions to facilitate walking performance by, for example, providing external rhythmic cues. Patients (n = 20, mean Hoehn and Yahr: 2.25) had their ambulatory data recorded and were directly observed twice during one day: once after medication abstention, (OFF) and once approximately 30 min after intake of their medication ...


Determining The Perception And Willingness Of Primary Care Providers To Prescribe Advanced Diabetes Technologies, Alexander O’Donovan, Sean M. Oser, Jessica Parascando, Arthur Berg, Donald E. Nease Jr., Tamara K. Oser 2021 Penn State College of Medicine

Determining The Perception And Willingness Of Primary Care Providers To Prescribe Advanced Diabetes Technologies, Alexander O’Donovan, Sean M. Oser, Jessica Parascando, Arthur Berg, Donald E. Nease Jr., Tamara K. Oser

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Advanced diabetes technologies have produced increasingly favorable outcomes compared to older treatments. Disparities in practice resources have led to a treatment disparity by clinical setting, where endocrinologists typically prescribe far more such technologies than primary care providers (PCPs). Fully automated artificial pancreas systems (APS), which combine technologies to deliver and adjust insulin dosing continuously in response to automatic and continuous glucose monitoring, may be more straightforward for PCPs to prescribe and manage, therefore extending their benefit to more patients. We aimed to assess willingness of PCPs to prescribe advanced diabetes technologies through a cross-sectional survey of PCPs from 4 geographically ...


Use Of Point Of Care Ultrasound In The Emergency Department For Diagnosis Of Femoral Pseudoaneurysm, Stephen Janssen, Jeffrey Gardecki, Giovanna Finocchio 2021 Rowan University

Use Of Point Of Care Ultrasound In The Emergency Department For Diagnosis Of Femoral Pseudoaneurysm, Stephen Janssen, Jeffrey Gardecki, Giovanna Finocchio

Stratford Campus Research Day

Iatrogenic pseudoaneurysm after puncture or intervention of the femoral artery is a rare complication of arterial surgical intervention occurring in 0.05-0.50% of diagnostic and therapeutic catheterizations and can present weeks after initial presentation. Today we present a 57-year-old gentleman 3 months status post femoral artery stent who presented with swelling to his right groin. Point of care ultrasound was used to diagnose an actively bleeding pseudoaneurysm with hematoma that ultimately led to repeat stenting. This case shows how point of care ultrasound can expedite diagnosis and intervention and is a useful tool for the emergency physician at initial ...


Supply, Demand, And Quality: A Three-Pronged Approach To Blood Product Management In Developing Countries, Kyle L. Gress, Karina Charipova, Ivan Urits, Omar Viswanath, Alan D. Kaye 2021 Georgetown University School of Medicine

Supply, Demand, And Quality: A Three-Pronged Approach To Blood Product Management In Developing Countries, Kyle L. Gress, Karina Charipova, Ivan Urits, Omar Viswanath, Alan D. Kaye

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

While transfusion of blood and blood products is instinctively linked to the provision of emergent care, blood and blood products are also routinely used for the treatment of subacute and chronic conditions. Despite the efforts of the World Health Organization and others, developing countries are faced with a three-part problem when it comes to access to and delivery of transfusions: insufficient supply, excessive demand, and inadequate quality of available supply. Developing countries rely heavily on replacement and remunerated donors rather than voluntary nonremunerated donors due to concerns regarding donation- and transfusion-transmitted infection as well as local and cultural beliefs. While ...


Smartphone-Based Prediction Model For Postoperative Cardiac Surgery Outcomes Using Preoperative Gait And Posture Measures, Rahul Soangra, Thurmon Lockhart 2021 Chapman University

Smartphone-Based Prediction Model For Postoperative Cardiac Surgery Outcomes Using Preoperative Gait And Posture Measures, Rahul Soangra, Thurmon Lockhart

Physical Therapy Faculty Articles and Research

Gait speed assessment increases the predictive value of mortality and morbidity following older adults’ cardiac surgery. The purpose of this study was to improve clinical assessment and prediction of mortality and morbidity among older patients undergoing cardiac surgery through the identification of the relationships between preoperative gait and postural stability characteristics utilizing a noninvasive-wearable mobile phone device and postoperative cardiac surgical outcomes. This research was a prospective study of ambulatory patients aged over 70 years undergoing non-emergent cardiac surgery. Sixteen older adults with cardiovascular disease (Age 76.1 ± 3.6 years) scheduled for cardiac surgery within the next 24 h ...


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