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Effects Of Social Determinants Of Health In Progression To Type 2 Diabetes, Folabi I. Ariganjoye 2021 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Effects Of Social Determinants Of Health In Progression To Type 2 Diabetes, Folabi I. Ariganjoye

Applied Research Projects

The prevalence of prediabetes and diabetes in the United States and around the world has increased faster than expected in the last 30 years. The economic burden this costs a nation can be astronomic both in terms of expense and loss in productivity. One-third of U.S. adults, 86 million people, have prediabetes. Effective management is needed that can reach these 86 million, and others at high risk, to reduce their progression to diagnosed Type 2 diabetes. After the literature review, there was not enough literature to support how these led to the progression to diabetes. The abundant literature is ...


Effectiveness Of Ehr-Depression Screening Among Adult Diabetics In An Urban Primary Care Clinic, Filipina C. Schnabel MD, MPH, MSN, FNP-BC, Danielle Aldridge MSN, FNP-C, Laura Reed DNP, FNP-BC 2021 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Effectiveness Of Ehr-Depression Screening Among Adult Diabetics In An Urban Primary Care Clinic, Filipina C. Schnabel Md, Mph, Msn, Fnp-Bc, Danielle Aldridge Msn, Fnp-C, Laura Reed Dnp, Fnp-Bc

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Background Diabetes mellitus (DM) and depression are important comorbid conditions that can lead to more serious health outcomes. The American Diabetes Association (ADA) supports routine screening for depression as part of standard diabetes management. The PHQ2 and PHQ9 questionnaires are good diagnostic screening tools used for major depressive disorders in Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2). This quality improvement study aims to compare the rate of depression screening, treatment, and referral to behavioral health in adult patients with DM2 pre and post-integration of depression screening tools into the electronic health record (EHR).

Methods We conducted a retrospective chart review on patients ...


The Lost “Doe”: A Quality Improvement Project For Unidentified Patients, Brendi Gale 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

The Lost “Doe”: A Quality Improvement Project For Unidentified Patients, Brendi Gale

The Eleanor Mann School of Nursing Student Works

A Mass Casualty Incident (MCI) describes any natural or manmade disaster that stresses a community beyond their normal resources (CMS, 2019). Across the globe, populations have grappled with an increased frequency of natural disasters and a surge of critically ill secondary to pandemic SARs-CoV-2 (Cavallo, Donoho, & Forman, 2020; Smith, 2020; US Global Change Research Program, 2018). In addition, the incidence and severity of mass shootings has risen in the United States with a reported 277 active shooter events between the years of 2000-2018 (Federal Bureau of Investigation, 2018; Smith et al., 2019). An Emergency Department (ED) in Northwest Arkansas (NWA) posed the ...


C37: Evaluation Of The Diagnostic Efficacy Of Saliva For Detection Of Dengue Antibodies- An Elisa Study, Vidya Gurram Shankar 2021 Texila American University

C37: Evaluation Of The Diagnostic Efficacy Of Saliva For Detection Of Dengue Antibodies- An Elisa Study, Vidya Gurram Shankar

Annual Research Symposium

No abstract provided.


Human Antibody Immune Responses Are Personalized By Selective Removal Of Mhc-Ii Peptide Epitopes [Preprint], Matias Gutiérrez-González, Padma P. Nanaware, Liying Lu, Lawrence J. Stern, Brandon J. DeKosky 2021 University of Kansas

Human Antibody Immune Responses Are Personalized By Selective Removal Of Mhc-Ii Peptide Epitopes [Preprint], Matias Gutiérrez-González, Padma P. Nanaware, Liying Lu, Lawrence J. Stern, Brandon J. Dekosky

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

Human antibody responses are established by the generation of combinatorial sequence diversity in antibody variable domains, followed by iterative rounds of mutation and selection via T cell recognition of antigen peptides presented on MHC-II. Here, we report that MHC-II peptide epitope deletion from B cell receptors (BCRs) correlates with antibody development in vivo. Large-scale antibody sequence analysis and experimental validation of peptide binding revealed that MHC-II epitope removal from BCRs is linked to genetic signatures of T cell help, and donor-specific antibody repertoire modeling demonstrated that somatic hypermutation selectively targets the personalized MHC-II epitopes in antibody variable regions. Mining of ...


23-Valent Polysaccharide Vaccine (Ppsv23)-Targeted Serotype-Specific Identification Of Streptococcus Pneumoniae Using The Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification (Lamp) Method, Jiwon Lee, Youngbae Yoon, Eun Jin Kim, Donghyun Lee, Yeoungjun Baek, Chika Takano, Bin Chang, Takahiro Iijima, Paul E. Kilgore, Satoshi Hayakawa, Tomonori Hoshino, Dong Wook Kim, Mitsuko Seki 2021 Meikai University

23-Valent Polysaccharide Vaccine (Ppsv23)-Targeted Serotype-Specific Identification Of Streptococcus Pneumoniae Using The Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification (Lamp) Method, Jiwon Lee, Youngbae Yoon, Eun Jin Kim, Donghyun Lee, Yeoungjun Baek, Chika Takano, Bin Chang, Takahiro Iijima, Paul E. Kilgore, Satoshi Hayakawa, Tomonori Hoshino, Dong Wook Kim, Mitsuko Seki

Department of Pharmacy Practice

Reports of invasive disease due to Streptococcus pneumoniae have declined since the introduction of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCV7 and PCV13). The incidence of invasive diseases due to S. pneumoniae that are not addressed by the vaccines, however, has increased in children and adults, creating a global public health problem. Previously, we established the loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) method for a PCV13 serotype-specific assay. In the current study, we developed a rapid, simple, and cost-effective assay to detect serotypes in the 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPSV23) using the LAMP method. In this study, LAMP primer sets for serotypes 2, 8, 9N ...


Comparison Of Range Of Motion After Aquatic Vs Land Exercises On Young Adult Men, Miranda Gibel, Samantha Lawler 2021 The University of Akron

Comparison Of Range Of Motion After Aquatic Vs Land Exercises On Young Adult Men, Miranda Gibel, Samantha Lawler

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

Range of motion is the degree to which joints in the body can extend or flex. This is essential to performing actions such as bending over, reaching, and other daily activities. This study investigated the effects of aquatic versus land exercises on range of motion. It was hypothesized that the participant completing the aquatic exercises would have a greater increase of range of motion. Three male participants were recruited to participate in the study. Each participant was placed into a different group- control, aquatic, or land. The control participant measured their range of motion at the beginning and end of ...


Management Of Refractory Ventricular Fibrillation With Double Sequential Defibrillation, Kaitlyn A. Brown 2021 Arcadia University

Management Of Refractory Ventricular Fibrillation With Double Sequential Defibrillation, Kaitlyn A. Brown

Capstone Showcase

Patients experiencing cardiac arrest are treated according to ACLS protocols, however current protocols lack recommendations for the treatment of refractory Ventricular Fibrillation which persists after more than 3 cycles of CPR and defibrillation. One potential intervention for these cases that is being researched is the use of simultaneous or sequential activation of two defibrillators. This literature review analyzed the results of several studies to determine if double sequential defibrillation (DSD) is a viable treatment to achieve return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) and improved patient survival. The results of the studies were mixed with some showing positive outcomes, and others showing ...


The Use Of Life-Like Robotic Animals In The Acute Care Setting To Assist In The Care Of Patients With Dementia, Abby Denby 2020 James Madison University

The Use Of Life-Like Robotic Animals In The Acute Care Setting To Assist In The Care Of Patients With Dementia, Abby Denby

Doctors of Nursing Practice (DNP) Final Projects, 2020-current

The purpose of this pilot project was to describe the effect of life-like robotic animals on the nurses’ ability to provide care, patients’ level of agitation, use of antipsychotic medications, restraint and sitter use for patients with dementia in an acute care setting. Nurses report challenges and feelings of helplessness while caring for patients with dementia. Dementia may cause depression, agitation, aggression (physical or verbal) and a decrease quality of life. Animal Assisted Therapy (ATT) is a growing therapy in many healthcare settings but there is a lack of literature specifically related to the use of AAT in the acute ...


Diagnostic Accuracy Of Mcmurry’S Test In The Diagnosis Of Meniscal Tears, Jessica Smyth, Hartwell Rainey 2020 James Madison University

Diagnostic Accuracy Of Mcmurry’S Test In The Diagnosis Of Meniscal Tears, Jessica Smyth, Hartwell Rainey

Physician Assistant Capstones, 2020-current

No abstract provided.


Angiotensin Ii In The Treatment Of Distributive Shock, An Old Theory Revitalized, Jennifer D. Leach, Daniel P. Curran 2020 James Madison University

Angiotensin Ii In The Treatment Of Distributive Shock, An Old Theory Revitalized, Jennifer D. Leach, Daniel P. Curran

Physician Assistant Capstones, 2020-current

Objective: To assess whether or not angiotensin II in combination with current treatment has a favorable outcome in the treatment of distributive shock in terms of decreasing duration of vasopressor usage, increasing mean arterial pressure (MAP) above 65 mmHg, and improving mortality.

Design: Systematic Literature Review

Methods: Searches were conducted in PubMed, Google Scholar, and the James Madison University Library Database for the key terms angiotensin II, shock, septic shock, vasodilatory shock, distributive shock, blood pressure, double-blind, humans, and vasoconstrictor agents. Search results were filtered by year, for animal trials, irrelevant therapies, meta-analysis, retrospective studies, and case studies. Only original ...


Diagnostic Accuracy Of Resistive Index Of Capsular And Intratesticular Branches Of Testicular Arteries In Infertile Men With Oligoasthenospermia: A Case-Control Study, Mehdi Zolfaghar-Khani, Hadi Majidi Dr, Behzad Feizzadeh, Mojtaba Sabaghi 2020 Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Orthopedic Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran

Diagnostic Accuracy Of Resistive Index Of Capsular And Intratesticular Branches Of Testicular Arteries In Infertile Men With Oligoasthenospermia: A Case-Control Study, Mehdi Zolfaghar-Khani, Hadi Majidi Dr, Behzad Feizzadeh, Mojtaba Sabaghi

BioMedicine

Introduction: Male infertility accounts for nearly 50% of couples' infertility. Only a few studies evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of resistive index (RI) of testicular arteries using color Doppler imaging to identify male infertility. The aim of this study was to investigate the diagnostic accuracy of RI of the capsular and intratesticular branches of testicular arteries in infertile men with oligoasthenospermia and its comparison with normal men.

Material and Methods: In a case-control study, 30 patients with oligoasthenospermia (case group) and 30 healthy controls who meet the inclusion criteria, were selected. For all patients, RI was measured using color Doppler ultrasonography ...


The Effect Of An Anti-Slip Surface On Objective Measures Of Tongue Strength In Healthy Adults, Nancy Pearl Solomon, Heather M. Clark 2020 Walter Reed National Military Medical Center

The Effect Of An Anti-Slip Surface On Objective Measures Of Tongue Strength In Healthy Adults, Nancy Pearl Solomon, Heather M. Clark

International Journal of Orofacial Myology and Myofunctional Therapy

Purpose: Instrumental assessments of tongue strength have provided clinicians with the ability to obtain quantitative measures to document lingual weakness. A technical challenge with a common instrument is that the surface of the of the bulb-shaped sensor is smooth and can be slippery when contacted by the tongue. This study evaluated whether adding a textured layer to the bulb leads to enhanced strength measures in neurologically normal adults. Methods: Maximum-effort maneuvers for anterior and posterior tongue elevation, right and left tongue lateralization, and tongue protrusion were available from 62 healthy adults using the Iowa Oral Performance Instrument (IOPI). The IOPI ...


The Importance Of The Freeway Space In Orofacial Myofunctional Therapy, Robert M. Mason, Honor Franklin, Patricia Grant, Ellen B. Role 2020 Duke University Medical Center

The Importance Of The Freeway Space In Orofacial Myofunctional Therapy, Robert M. Mason, Honor Franklin, Patricia Grant, Ellen B. Role

International Journal of Orofacial Myology and Myofunctional Therapy

The purpose of this article is to explain the importance of evaluating and documenting the freeway space (interdental rest position), in initial examinations and at the completion of therapy in patients exhibiting an open mandibular resting position. The freeway space measurements obtained can be shared with parents, patients, and referral sources. To this end, the muscular, neural, and sensory components related to the freeway space are discussed, as well as airway, dental eruption patterns, tactile feedback, and orthodontic relapse considerations. An extraoral method for evaluating the dimensions of the anterior freeway space is proposed.


Estimation In Meta-Analyses Of Response Ratios, Ilyas Bakbergenuly, David C. Hoaglin, Elena Kulinskaya 2020 University of East Anglia

Estimation In Meta-Analyses Of Response Ratios, Ilyas Bakbergenuly, David C. Hoaglin, Elena Kulinskaya

Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors

BACKGROUND: For outcomes that studies report as the means in the treatment and control groups, some medical applications and nearly half of meta-analyses in ecology express the effect as the ratio of means (RoM), also called the response ratio (RR), analyzed in the logarithmic scale as the log-response-ratio, LRR.

METHODS: In random-effects meta-analysis of LRR, with normal and lognormal data, we studied the performance of estimators of the between-study variance, tau(2), (measured by bias and coverage) in assessing heterogeneity of study-level effects, and also the performance of related estimators of the overall effect in the log scale, lambda. We ...


An Unexpected Outcome Of A Pediatric Simulation Encounter For Occupational Therapy Students., Anne H. Zachry, K. Booker, S. B. Lancaster 2020 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

An Unexpected Outcome Of A Pediatric Simulation Encounter For Occupational Therapy Students., Anne H. Zachry, K. Booker, S. B. Lancaster

Faculty Presentations

This presentation reviewed how to plan and implement a pediatric simulated educational experience to align with the targeted course learning objective(s). Participants learned how to incorporate best practices into simulation education in order to advance occupational therapy education.


Transcutaneous Energy Transmission: Can We Do It Now?, Yuriy Pya 2020 National Research Cardiac Surgery Center

Transcutaneous Energy Transmission: Can We Do It Now?, Yuriy Pya

The VAD Journal

The percutaneous driveline used in contemporary LVADs presents a continuous risk of infection for the duration of support. Minimizing infection in durable mechanical circulatory support systems requires total implantation of all components and energy transfer by means other than percutaneous drivelines. A novel coplanar energy transfer (CET) system, similar to the original transcutaneous energy transfer (TET) design, is unique by incorporating two large rings with coil-within-the-coil topology to ensure strong resonance power. The CET system consists of an internal integrated controller, a battery coupled with an internal thoracic coil ring, and the LVAD pump. External equipment includes a power transmission ...


Can Viruses Cause Lupus?, Stephen I. Reeder 2020 Southeastern University - Lakeland

Can Viruses Cause Lupus?, Stephen I. Reeder

Selected Honors Theses

Like so many autoimmune diseases, the exact cause of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) remains unknown. Evidence points to both genetics and environment playing roles in the onset of the disease, but neither acts independent of the other. Genetics are the easier of the two to study with recent advances in the field making it easier to isolate genes shared by individuals with the disease. However, genetic studies reveal that there is almost certainly an environmental component to the development of SLE. The underlying pathology and existing research on environmental contributors to the development of SLE suggest that viruses could potentially ...


An Approach For The In-Vivo Characterization Of Brain And Heart Inflammation In Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy, Joanne Tang 2020 The University of Western Ontario

An Approach For The In-Vivo Characterization Of Brain And Heart Inflammation In Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy, Joanne Tang

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a neuromuscular disorder caused by dystrophin loss—notably within muscles and CNS neurons. DMD presents as cognitive weakness, progressive skeletal and cardiac muscle degeneration until pre-mature death from cardiac or respiratory failure. Innovative therapies improved life expectancy, but this is accompanied by increased late-onset heart failure and emergent cognitive degeneration. Thus, there is an increasing need to both better understand and track disease pathophysiology in the dystrophic heart and brain prior to onset of severe degenerative symptoms. Chronic inflammation is strongly associated with skeletal and cardiac muscle degeneration, however chronic neuroinflammation’s role is largely ...


In-Vitro Sorbent-Mediated Removal Of Edoxaban From Human Plasma And Albumin Solution, Alexandra A. Angheloiu, Yanglan Tan, Cristian Ruse, Scott A. Shaffer, George O. Angheloiu 2020 Temple University

In-Vitro Sorbent-Mediated Removal Of Edoxaban From Human Plasma And Albumin Solution, Alexandra A. Angheloiu, Yanglan Tan, Cristian Ruse, Scott A. Shaffer, George O. Angheloiu

Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Based on previous experience of sorbent-mediated ticagrelor, dabigatran, and radiocontrast agent removal, we set out in this study to test the effect of two sorbents on the removal of edoxaban, a factor Xa antagonist direct oral anticoagulant.

METHODS: We circulated 100 mL of edoxaban solution during six first-pass cycles through 40-mL sorbent columns (containing either CytoSorb in three passes or Porapak Q 50-80 mesh in the remaining three passes) during experiments using human plasma and 4% bovine serum albumin solution as drug vehicles. Drug concentration was measured by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry.

RESULTS: Edoxaban concentration in two ...


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