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Surgical Procedures, Operative Commons

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Evaluation Of Apical Debris Extrusion Of Two Full-Rotating Instruments, Hyflex Edm And Race Evo, Versus Two Reciprocating Instruments, Reciproc Blue And R-Motion: An In-Vitro Study., Carla Abi Saad, Roula Abiad 2022 Postgraduate Student. Faculty of Dentistry, Beirut Arab University

Evaluation Of Apical Debris Extrusion Of Two Full-Rotating Instruments, Hyflex Edm And Race Evo, Versus Two Reciprocating Instruments, Reciproc Blue And R-Motion: An In-Vitro Study., Carla Abi Saad, Roula Abiad

BAU Journal - Science and Technology

Complete cleaning and shaping of the root canal space is a mandatory stage for the success of root canal treatment. Extrusion of different materials apically during this step such as dentine debris, pulp tissue remnants, necrotic fragments, microorganisms and irrigants may occur. These extruded materials lead to periapical irritation, pain and/or swelling. To evaluate the apical debris extrusion of Race EVO and Hyflex EDM which are full-rotating instruments, versus R-motion and Reciproc Blue as reciprocating instruments. Forty extracted human mandibular premolar teeth were selected with single canals not affected by fluorosis, resorption, or fracture. Teeth were then randomly divided ...


Review: Conventional Thrombectomy With Intraoperative Fluoroscopy In Acute Limb Ischemia Rutherford Iib, Heru Angkoso, Dedy Pratama 2022 Training program in Surgery, Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia

Review: Conventional Thrombectomy With Intraoperative Fluoroscopy In Acute Limb Ischemia Rutherford Iib, Heru Angkoso, Dedy Pratama

The New Ropanasuri Journal of Surgery

Introduction. Acute limb ischemia (ALI) is a severe condition affecting the extremities and the patient’s survival that requires immediate treatment. It can be treated with either surgical or endovascular revascularization or both (hybrid procedure). It is crucial to evaluate the defect using intraoperative fluoroscopy or angiography in each case. The review aimed to find out the outcomes of the thrombectomy with intraoperative fluoroscopy for ALI Rutherford IIb.

Method. According to the PRISMA protocol, the literature search proceeded in online databases, i.e., Cochrane, Scopus, PubMed, and EBSCOhost, with no year limitation on the publication. All articles were screened and ...


Complications Of Pediatric Cochlear Implant Surgery, Andrew Stefan, Sabrina Bernardo, William Azkoul II, Bianca Siegel 2022 Wayne State University

Complications Of Pediatric Cochlear Implant Surgery, Andrew Stefan, Sabrina Bernardo, William Azkoul Ii, Bianca Siegel

Medical Student Research Symposium

Background:

Cochlear implantation (CI) surgery is the standard of care treatment for pediatric patients diagnosed with severe to profound sensorineural hearing loss. While considered a relatively safe operation, any invasive procedure involving the cranium has risks. However, there are few recent studies in the United States that have analyzed complication rates among children who have received CI. Furthermore, existing studies fail to discuss specific risk factors that led to post-operative complications, nor offer solutions to reduce their incidence. This study aims to 1) determine the incidence of specific complications in pediatric CI patients and 2) identify evidence-based risk factors for ...


Endoscopic Cricoid Split As A Treatment For Subglottic Stenosis: A Systematic Review, Silvia Aluia, Katherine Akers, Michael Chung MD 2022 Wayne State University

Endoscopic Cricoid Split As A Treatment For Subglottic Stenosis: A Systematic Review, Silvia Aluia, Katherine Akers, Michael Chung Md

Medical Student Research Symposium

Introduction: Subglottic stenosis, a fibrotic narrowing of the airway below the vocal cords extending to the lower border of the cricoid cartilage, can be classified as congenital, idiopathic, or acquired in neonates from prolonged intubation. Treatment has more recently expanded from open surgical intervention to include endoscopic procedures. This systematic review aims to evaluate existing literature on anterior and posterior endoscopic cricoid split procedures as a treatment for congenital and acquired subglottic stenosis in order to explore the efficacy of these techniques.

Methods: Literature searches were conducted in PubMed/MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, and Google scholar, which ...


Save Lives And Sanitize: Prevention Of Surgical Site Infections Post-Cesarean Section Through Increased Hand Hygiene Compliance, Lindsay N. Nance 2022 University of San Francisco

Save Lives And Sanitize: Prevention Of Surgical Site Infections Post-Cesarean Section Through Increased Hand Hygiene Compliance, Lindsay N. Nance

Master's Projects and Capstones

Problem: Surgical site infections (SSIs) occur in 3-15% of cesarean sections, making SSIs one of the most common hospital-acquired infections (HAIs). Surgical site infections (SSIs) have increased within a Labor & Delivery (L&D) unit in a large California teaching hospital for the past three years, affecting reimbursement and creating a range of adverse outcomes for patients. Performance of consistent and thorough hand hygiene practices is key to preventing infection, yet the unit’s hand hygiene compliance of 66.7% is well below the facility’s target goal of 90%. Based on recommendations from the organization’s Infection Prevention & Control (IPC ...


Utilizing Training And Educational Materials To Increase Hand Hygiene Compliance Of Healthcare Providers Participating In Cesarean Sections, Christopher Natividad 2022 University of San Francisco

Utilizing Training And Educational Materials To Increase Hand Hygiene Compliance Of Healthcare Providers Participating In Cesarean Sections, Christopher Natividad

Master's Projects and Capstones

Surgical site infections (SSIs) are one of the most common complications of Cesarean section (C-section) procedures. The incidence of SSIs after C-section procedures at Hospital X has increased in each of the past three years. The Labor and Delivery (L&D) unit at Hospital X performs approximately 4,500 C-sections each year. Observation of these procedures illustrated a lack of adhesion to hand hygiene policies and protocols. This quality improvement project involved informing staff members of the poor hand hygiene compliance rates, and re-educating them regarding proper hand hygiene behavior using flyers, emails, and addressing them at shift change. Data collection focused on hand hygiene compliance among staff members involved in the C-section procedure. Staff members were observed entering and exiting the operating room to determine if they performed hand hygiene upon entry or exit. Hand hygiene compliance increased by 8.8% among all staff members. Obstetric (OB) nurse hand hygiene compliance increased by 28.6%. While overall hand hygiene compliance increased, it was not statistically significant; however, the increase in OB nurse compliance is statistically significant. Implementation of educating the OB nurses proved to be successful, and future interventions were recommended to continue to monitor and improve hand hygiene compliance.


Improving Patient Outcomes One Warm Patient At A Time, Lindsey King, Marcus Austin Robison, Julie Bonom DNP, Michael Godbold MD 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Improving Patient Outcomes One Warm Patient At A Time, Lindsey King, Marcus Austin Robison, Julie Bonom Dnp, Michael Godbold Md

Graduate Publications and Other Selected Works - Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)

Patient Temperature measurement postoperatively reveals that hypothermia occurs in surgical patients 25-90% of the time. Unintended perioperative hypothermia can be linked to many negative patient outcomes such as increased incidence of surgical site infection (SSI), delayed wound healing and increased length of hospital stay, to mention a few. Any single or combination of the aforementioned issues can eventually lead to an increase in patient morbidity and mortality. The purpose of this proposed quality practice improvement project is to increase the compliance of hypothermia prevention strategies, specifically forced air warming, at the implementation site. The targeted practice improvement is aimed at ...


Esmolol Compared To Fentanyl On Hemodynamic Effects: A Scoping Review, Anna McCleskey BSN, RN, SRNA, Landon McDonald MSN, RN, CNL, Tim Moore BSN, RN, SRNA, Jamie Pitcock BSN, RN, SRNA, Dwayne Accardo DNP, CRNA, APRN 2022 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Esmolol Compared To Fentanyl On Hemodynamic Effects: A Scoping Review, Anna Mccleskey Bsn, Rn, Srna, Landon Mcdonald Msn, Rn, Cnl, Tim Moore Bsn, Rn, Srna, Jamie Pitcock Bsn, Rn, Srna, Dwayne Accardo Dnp, Crna, Aprn

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Purpose The purpose of this DNP project is to compare the efficacy of esmolol to fentanyl in attenuation the hemodynamic response associated with direct laryngoscopy.

Specific Aims Compare the effects of esmolol to fentanyl on patient heart rate during laryngoscopy. Compare the effects of esmolol to fentanyl on patient mean arterial pressure during laryngoscopy.


Pain Management In Postoperative Pediatric Craniotomy Patients: A Scoping Review, Jessica M. Hiltenbrand BSN, RN, Sydney A. Scarbrough BSN, RN, Kaitlyn E. Shirley BSN, RN, Michelle Rickard DNP, CPNP-AC 2022 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Pain Management In Postoperative Pediatric Craniotomy Patients: A Scoping Review, Jessica M. Hiltenbrand Bsn, Rn, Sydney A. Scarbrough Bsn, Rn, Kaitlyn E. Shirley Bsn, Rn, Michelle Rickard Dnp, Cpnp-Ac

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Purpose/Background The pediatric craniotomy procedure is a complex and painful procedure that requires adequate pain management and frequent neurological assessments. Generally, evidence for pediatric pain management is severely lacking in research, and evidence for pediatric craniotomy patients is lacking even further. This scoping review aims to collect, condense, and review the current data in order to fuel future studies to establish more data, protocols, and evidence-based recommendations for analgesia in the pediatric craniotomy patient population.

Methods The studies selected were peer-reviewed, published in a medical or nursing journal, included study ages 0-21 years, or provided evidence on pediatric analgesia ...


A Case Of Cryptomenorrhea Presenting As - Acute Abdominal Pain, Udisha Arya Ms., Ritu Mittal Arya Dr. 2022 Jss medical college mysore

A Case Of Cryptomenorrhea Presenting As - Acute Abdominal Pain, Udisha Arya Ms., Ritu Mittal Arya Dr.

Digital Journal of Clinical Medicine

BACKGROUND:

The transverse vaginal septum is a congenital Mullerian abnormality caused due to improper fusion of the Müllerian ducts with urogenital sinus. It is classified as complete or incomplete and obstructive or non-obstructive and occurs at various levels such as superior vaginal (46%), mid-vaginal(40%) and inferior vaginal(14%). Transverse vaginal septum is a rare condition with incidence varying from 1:2100 to 1:72,000. The condition is difficult to manage often due to delayed diagnosis and is usually diagnosed when hematocolpos lead to symptoms due to an expanding pelvic mass

CASE DESCRIPTION:

A 14-year-old female adolescent presented with ...


The Environment Under The Knife: A Review Of Current Eco-Surgical Strategies And Recommendations For Pakistan, Russell Seth Martins, Edward Anthony Joseph, Javeria Tariq, Namrah Aziz, Saulat H. Fatimi 2022 Aga Khan University

The Environment Under The Knife: A Review Of Current Eco-Surgical Strategies And Recommendations For Pakistan, Russell Seth Martins, Edward Anthony Joseph, Javeria Tariq, Namrah Aziz, Saulat H. Fatimi

Medical College Documents

The healthcare sector at its core is based on the fundamentals belief to do no harm and bring about betterment in the lives of the people. Paradoxically, hospitals are one of the leading contributors to pollution, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and toxic waste material worldwide. Surgical care delivery is quite resource intensive, consuming significant amount of energy and equipment as well as producing large quantities of waste. With climate change being a global priority, it is crucial that hospitals re-evaluate the environmental impact of such practices. The current review was planned to identify areas of improvement in surgical care in ...


Surgical Research: Exploring Our History - Navigating The Future, Nadeem Ahmed Siddiqui, Muhammad Shahzad Shamim, Syed Ather Enam 2022 Aga Khan University

Surgical Research: Exploring Our History - Navigating The Future, Nadeem Ahmed Siddiqui, Muhammad Shahzad Shamim, Syed Ather Enam

Department of Surgery

No abstract provided.


Barriers In Surgical Research: A Perspective From The Developing World, Nadeem Ahmed Siddiqui, Muhammad Aanish Raees, Rehan Nasir Khan, Farhan Zafar 2022 Aga Khan University

Barriers In Surgical Research: A Perspective From The Developing World, Nadeem Ahmed Siddiqui, Muhammad Aanish Raees, Rehan Nasir Khan, Farhan Zafar

Department of Surgery

Research in surgery has led to significant advances over the last century in terms of how medicine is practised in and outside the operating rooms today. Surgical research in the developed countries is responsible for most of this advancement, but it is often inapplicable in resource-limited settings in the developing world. Lower- and middle-income countries are in a unique position to take this work further, but they are limited by certain barriers. These barriers could broadly be classified under social and cultural, infrastructure, financial, ethical, and personal categories. These barriers are often not fully realised, but can potentially be addressed ...


Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage And Acute Subdural Hematoma, Neurosurgical And Endovascular Rescue. Case Report., José Omar Santellan Resident, José Ramón Aguilar Dr., Abraham Ibarra Dr., Ulises García Dr. 2022 Petróleos Mexicanos

Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage And Acute Subdural Hematoma, Neurosurgical And Endovascular Rescue. Case Report., José Omar Santellan Resident, José Ramón Aguilar Dr., Abraham Ibarra Dr., Ulises García Dr.

Archives of Neurosurgery

Introduction: Acute subdural hemorrhage (aSDH) in association with aneurismal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is a severe disease with an incidence of 0.5% to 7.9% of all SAH. Due to the rarity of aneurysmal aSDH, it remains difficult to define a comprehensive management protocol. In this case review, following the CARE guidelines, we show the hybrid management of this pathology to know the importance of using different types of neurosurgical treatments in case of two severe diseases in critical patients.

We present two patients who developed sudden onset cephalea and neurological impairment secondary to aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage associated with acute ...


Patient Satisfaction With Care Is Associated With Better Outcomes In Function And Pain 1 Year After Lumbar Spine Surgery, Björn Knutsson, Bakir Kadum, Ted Eneqvist, Sebastian Mukka, Arkan S. Sayed-Noor 2022 Umeå University

Patient Satisfaction With Care Is Associated With Better Outcomes In Function And Pain 1 Year After Lumbar Spine Surgery, Björn Knutsson, Bakir Kadum, Ted Eneqvist, Sebastian Mukka, Arkan S. Sayed-Noor

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: There has been increasing interest in patient-reported experience measures (PREMs) to evaluate the patient experience and satisfaction with care. We conducted a prospective multicenter cohort study to determine any association between patients’ satisfaction of care and their outcomes 1 year after lumbar spine surgery.

Methods: Satisfaction with care was recorded through telephone interviews and a standardized questionnaire. Baseline data collection (300 patients) and 1-year follow-up (209 patients) were conducted through The Swedish National Register for Spine Surgery (Swespine). Exposures were patient experiences, health care professional (HCP) attitudes, shared decision-making, and overall satisfaction with care. Associations were evaluated using adjusted ...


Association Between Covid-19 And Mortality In Hip Fracture Surgery In The National Covid Cohort Collaborative (N3c): A Retrospective Cohort Study, Eli B. Levitt, David A. Patch, Scott Mabry, Alfredo Terrero, Byron Jaeger, Melissa A. Haendel, Christopher G. Chute, Jonathan H. Quade, Brent Ponce, Steven Theiss, Clay A. Spitler, Joey P. Johnson 2022 University of Alabama, Birmingham

Association Between Covid-19 And Mortality In Hip Fracture Surgery In The National Covid Cohort Collaborative (N3c): A Retrospective Cohort Study, Eli B. Levitt, David A. Patch, Scott Mabry, Alfredo Terrero, Byron Jaeger, Melissa A. Haendel, Christopher G. Chute, Jonathan H. Quade, Brent Ponce, Steven Theiss, Clay A. Spitler, Joey P. Johnson

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Supported Publications

BACKGROUND: This study investigated the outcomes of coronavirus disease (COVID-19)-positive patients undergoing hip fracture surgery using a national database.

METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study comparing hip fracture surgery outcomes between COVID-19 positive and negative matched cohorts from 46 sites in the United States. Patients aged 65 and older with hip fracture surgery between March 15 and December 31, 2020, were included. The main outcomes were 30-day all-cause mortality and all-cause mortality.

RESULTS: In this national study that included 3303 adults with hip fracture surgery, the 30-day mortality was 14.6% with COVID-19-positive versus 3.8% in COVID-19-negative ...


Intraoperative Post Partum Hemorrhage In A Patient With Dengue Fever, Usama Ahmed, Asiyah Aman 2022 Aga Khan University

Intraoperative Post Partum Hemorrhage In A Patient With Dengue Fever, Usama Ahmed, Asiyah Aman

Department of Anaesthesia

A 33 year old obstetric patient with mild fever of undiagnosed etiology underwent emergency caesarean section under general anesthesia. She had platelet count of 98,000 per microliter and increased APTT of 37.8 s at the time of surgery. After uneventful anesthetic induction and delivery of fetus, slow and oozing type of bleeding led to massive hemorrhage. Patient remained vitally stable throughout perioperative phase and was extubated. Next day, patient's dengue IgM antibody was reported positive. Neonate was well and his dengue test was negative. Pregnant women are at high risk of developing severe complications of dengue fever ...


Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Using Second Generation Drug-Eluting Stents Vs Coronary Artery Bypass Graft In Left Main Coronary Artery And Multivessel Coronary Artery Disease, Eric Kim 2022 Arcadia University

Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Using Second Generation Drug-Eluting Stents Vs Coronary Artery Bypass Graft In Left Main Coronary Artery And Multivessel Coronary Artery Disease, Eric Kim

Capstone Showcase

Many of the studies that are used in reference to the clinical decision making between PCI vs CABG use BMS or first-generation DES as a comparison. With the advancement of stent technology, second-generation DES have emerged with improved efficacy and overall outcome rates compared to BMS and first-generation DES. Some of the newer studies such as EXCEL1-2 , demonstrated noninferiority of second-generation DES to CABG but there are limited studies that support this conclusion. Currently, the studies remain divided in the impact of newer-generation PCIs, and 10-year follow up studies may be required to further validate noninferiority before it can be ...


A Case Of Protein Losing Enteropathy After Fontan Operation, Gina Kim 2022 Arcadia University

A Case Of Protein Losing Enteropathy After Fontan Operation, Gina Kim

Capstone Showcase

Protein Losing Enteropathy (PLE) is a condition in which an excessive amount of proteins are lost through the gastrointestinal tract leading to hypoproteinemia and manifesting as edema, ascites, and diarrhea. While in most cases PLE is a treatable disorder with good outcomes, the morbidity and mortality of the disorder is significantly elevated in patients with a history of Fontan surgery–an operation used to palliate patients born with a single ventricle by rerouting venous blood return directly to pulmonary circulation. After failure of first-line therapeutics of diuretics and steroids, this case study explores the successful treatment of a 5-year-old patient ...


Extensive Intra-Abdominal Adhesions In A Patient With No Previous Abdominal Surgeries, Jared Jackson, Saptarshi Biswas 2022 HCA Healthcare

Extensive Intra-Abdominal Adhesions In A Patient With No Previous Abdominal Surgeries, Jared Jackson, Saptarshi Biswas

South Atlantic Division Research Day 2022

No abstract provided.


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