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Big Five Personality Traits And Political Orientation: An Inquiry Into Political Beliefs, Ian E. Phillips 2021 Cleveland State University

Big Five Personality Traits And Political Orientation: An Inquiry Into Political Beliefs, Ian E. Phillips

The Downtown Review

Personality research centered on the Big Five personality traits has heavily impacted our understanding in regards to what forces orient a person on a political spectrum. Examining how personality differences interact with political orientation, this research seeks to provide information on what makes someone either more or less likely to be liberal or conservative based on their temperament. In this paper, previous personality research is synthesized into one discussion, centered on what the effects of each trait are and how they impact political orientation, the heritability of personality, and what implications there are for such research in the realm of ...


Production, Evaluation, And Selection Of Elite Quality Protein Popcorn (Qpp) Hybrids, Leandra Parsons 2021 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Production, Evaluation, And Selection Of Elite Quality Protein Popcorn (Qpp) Hybrids, Leandra Parsons

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research in Agronomy and Horticulture

In 2017, twelve Quality Protein Popcorn (QPP) inbred lines were developed and selected as premier dent by popcorn crosses fit for hybridization and testing. These QPP inbred lines were derived from specific Quality Protein dent Maize (QPM) by ConAgra Brands® popcorn line crosses to produce high lysine, vitreous popcorn lines capable of near-equal popping characteristics compared to the original popcorn parents. The QPP hybridization project commenced in the summer of 2018 utilizing these 12 inbred QPP lines and crossing them in a full diallel. Since then, the production of QPP hybrids has employed a diverse set of selection factors evaluating ...


Translational Fidelity And Its Role In Neuronal Homeostasis, Markus Terrey 2021 University of Maine

Translational Fidelity And Its Role In Neuronal Homeostasis, Markus Terrey

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The process of translation, which refers to decoding genetic information from mRNA to protein, is vital for all cellular function. Translational fidelity starts at the level of aminoacylation of transfer RNAs (tRNA). This reaction is catalyzed by aminoacyl tRNA synthetases where each amino acid is transferred to its corresponding cognate tRNA. Because tRNAs harbor the anticodon sequence to decodes a particular mRNA codon, the specific aminoacylation of the tRNA with a cognate amino acid establishes the rules of decoding genetic code into proteins. Aminoacylated tRNAs are then delivered to ribosomes, where ribosomes in a highly organized manner need to accurately ...


Welcoming The Game Changer Of Human Society: A Defense Of The Moral Permissibility And Obligations Of Human Genetic Engineering, Yongkang Li 2021 William & Mary

Welcoming The Game Changer Of Human Society: A Defense Of The Moral Permissibility And Obligations Of Human Genetic Engineering, Yongkang Li

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In 2018, a Chinese scientist, Jiankun He, announced the birth of two HIV-resistant babies through his experiment of human genetic engineering. This incidence has soon shocked the entire scientific community and invoked public outrage towards He’s corrupt moral integrity.

However, this event should also act as a harbinger to the human society that the technique of human genetic engineering is rapidly approaching maturity. In that case, how should we respond?

This thesis focuses on the moral issues surrounding human genetic engineering and advertises an accepting moral attitude to this booming technology. This thesis will first discuss the types of ...


The Evolution Of Mimicry; The Doublesex Gene, Aisha Hill 2021 Southern Maine Community College

The Evolution Of Mimicry; The Doublesex Gene, Aisha Hill

Thinking Matters Symposium

Many butterfly species use mimicry in order to increase their chance of survival. In Batesian mimicry, non toxic butterflies mimic the wing patterns, colors, and shapes of another species that is toxic to predators. Swallowtail butterflies (Papilio polytes) are well-known Batesian mimics, and also display sexual dimorphism with distinct differences between the sexes. Sex limited mimicry is common. The female butterfly may mimic an inedible red-bodied swallowtail, such as the common rose (Pachliopta aristolochiae), or she may be non-mimetic. The male butterfly is non-mimetic. This is a review of recent research into the origin and evolution of gene(s) responsible ...


Genetically Modified Organisms Are Important But Also Controversial, Masen Pelletier 2021 Southern Maine Community College

Genetically Modified Organisms Are Important But Also Controversial, Masen Pelletier

Thinking Matters Symposium

Genetically modified organisms (GMOs) are organisms containing a set or multiple sets of genes that have been introduced into the organism using laboratory techniques. In the instance of agriculture, the genes introduced provide advantages for the farmer and consumer by yielding plants that produce greater yields, longer growing seasons, longer shelf lives, greater concentrations of vitamins or add additional vitamins that are novel to the plant. There are two general ways that GM (genetically modified) crops are produced: the addition or removal of genes. This review focuses on an example of each strategy. An example of the latter is GM ...


Understanding The Genetics Of Schizophrenia, Matthew Toohey 2021 Southern Maine Community College

Understanding The Genetics Of Schizophrenia, Matthew Toohey

Thinking Matters Symposium

Schizophrenia has been considered heritable for a long time, but only with the advent of new technologies such as whole-genome sequencing and genome-wide association studies can we begin to identify specific molecular causes of schizophrenia. This poster will review some of the genetic variants that research groups have associated with schizophrenia. Current research has indicated that schizophrenia is a polygenic disease and has been linked to many genes. Some of these common risk variants are in protein coding sections of the DNA. These proteins are often linked to neurological development or immune system function. Other variants that have been associated ...


The Genetic Links Between Archaic And Modern Humans, Maria J. Orellana Rosales 2021 Southern Maine Community College

The Genetic Links Between Archaic And Modern Humans, Maria J. Orellana Rosales

Thinking Matters Symposium

Our modern physiology is the mixture of many archaic humans that once roamed our planet. The evidence of these archaic humans is still present in our DNA. This poster reviews how our understanding of ancient human genetics has drastically changed due to advances in molecular genetics. Neanderthal and Denisovan remains have been sequenced for nuclear and mitochondrial DNA. Neanderthal and Denisovan genetic ancestry have been identified by genomic studies in modern human populations across Eurasia and Pacific Island regions. Studies have shown a gene flow of 4±1% from Neanderthals to present-day Eurasians. Whereas, Papuan and Melanesian individuals share 4 ...


The Genes Of Pain, Alina Semenova 2021 Southern Maine Community College

The Genes Of Pain, Alina Semenova

Thinking Matters Symposium

Pain is an important defense mechanism that protects us from environmental factors that might harm us. Our body's response to pain helps us to avoid injury. However, constant pain is a problem. Management of constant pain is an important area of research. Studies have shown that genetic variation contributes to pain sensitivity.

Numerous pain-related genes and their functional polymorphisms (CYP450, MOR-1, COMT, GCH1, etc.) have been identified in the past ten years. In particular, three opioid receptors (OPRM, OPRD and OPRK) are associated with pain sensitivity. One of the most studied human functional polymorphisms is the debrisoquine/sparteine polymorphism ...


Identification Of Mitochondrial Transfer Sequences In Homologs Of A Folic Acid Metabolism Gene, Alyson Hally 2021 West Chester University of Pennsylvania

Identification Of Mitochondrial Transfer Sequences In Homologs Of A Folic Acid Metabolism Gene, Alyson Hally

Biology Student Work

Neural tube defects (NTDs) are common malformities resulting in exposed spinal cord or brain tissues caused by the inability to close the neural tube in embryogenesis. Previous research has shown folate deficiency increases the risk of NTDs. A folic acid metabolism gene, serine hydroxymethyltransferase (SHMT) is responsible for the synthesis of thymidylates, purines, and methionine which are important for DNA replication especially during embryogenesis. Typically, eukaryotes have two copies of SHMT which are either localized to remain in the cytosol or transferred to the mitochondria. The different localizations are a result of mitochondrial target sequences on the N-terminus. Interestingly, the ...


Novel Genetic Mutations In Genes Agbl5 And Tulp1 For Presumed Unilateral Retinitis Pigmentosa Managed With Low Vision Rehabilitation: A Case Report And Review, Maggie Man Ki Ho OD, MS, FAAO, Stephanie Schmiedecke-Barbieri OD, FAAO, ABCMO, Dip Low Vision, Patricia C. Sanchez-Diaz PhD, DVM, FAAO, Carolyn E. Majcher OD, FAAO, FORS 2021 University of Incarnate Word

Novel Genetic Mutations In Genes Agbl5 And Tulp1 For Presumed Unilateral Retinitis Pigmentosa Managed With Low Vision Rehabilitation: A Case Report And Review, Maggie Man Ki Ho Od, Ms, Faao, Stephanie Schmiedecke-Barbieri Od, Faao, Abcmo, Dip Low Vision, Patricia C. Sanchez-Diaz Phd, Dvm, Faao, Carolyn E. Majcher Od, Faao, Fors

Optometric Clinical Practice

Background: Retinitis pigmentosa is a group of hereditary retinal diseases characterized by the degeneration of rod and cone photoreceptors. It commonly results in night blindness followed by tunnel vision and central vision reduction. The classic triad of clinical signs includes pigmented bone spicules, waxy disc pallor, and arterial attenuation. Unilateral retinitis pigmentosa is rare and can be supported with ancillary testing including genetic and laboratory studies to rule out differential diagnoses.

Case Report: A 68-year-old Hispanic female was referred to the low vision rehabilitation clinic due to progressive vision loss in the left eye (OS) that began 15 years ago ...


307— Cooperation Of Selfish Genetic Elements In Stalk-Eyed Flies, Suhani Patel, Ben McPherson 2021 SUNY Geneseo

307— Cooperation Of Selfish Genetic Elements In Stalk-Eyed Flies, Suhani Patel, Ben Mcpherson

GREAT Day

SGEs are selfish genetic elements that increase the likelihood of their own transmission regardless of the host’s best interest. Transposable elements (TEs) and meiotic drivers are both types of SGEs. SGEs subsequently result in genetic conflict as they disrupt functional elements in the genome. We are working to better understand the cooperation of selfish genetic elements in Stalk-Eyed flies. Transposable elements are counteracted by small non-coding RNA molecules called piRNA. These RNA molecules work by reducing the expression of TEs by degrading TE RNA transcripts. Prior work in stalk-eyed flies has shown that TEs are expressed at a higher ...


208— Describing Genetic Diversity In A Non-Native Ant-Mimicking Spider, Cassidy Mills, Jennifer L. Apple 2021 SUNY Geneseo

208— Describing Genetic Diversity In A Non-Native Ant-Mimicking Spider, Cassidy Mills, Jennifer L. Apple

GREAT Day

The ant-mimicking spider Myrmarachne formicaria (Salticidae) is a species native to Eurasia and was first identified in North America in 2001. It has since been found in many locations in the Northeast including western New York, western Pennsylvania, northeastern Ohio, and southern Ontario. Little is known about its introduction to North America and how it has dispersed since. By characterizing the mitochondrial genetic diversity of this species, we can learn about its introduction history and dispersal patterns in North America. Sequencing of a 600-bp mitochondrial DNA gene region spanning the 16s rRNA, leucine tRNA, and part of the ND1 gene ...


Distinct Transcriptomic Response To Newcastle Disease Virus Infection During Heat Stress In Chicken Tracheal Epithelial Tissue, Perot Saelao, Ying Wang, Ganrea Chanthavixay, Vivian Yu, Rodrigo A. Gallardo, Jack C. M. Dekkers, Susan J. Lamont, Terra Kelly, Huaijun Zhou 2021 University of California, Davis

Distinct Transcriptomic Response To Newcastle Disease Virus Infection During Heat Stress In Chicken Tracheal Epithelial Tissue, Perot Saelao, Ying Wang, Ganrea Chanthavixay, Vivian Yu, Rodrigo A. Gallardo, Jack C. M. Dekkers, Susan J. Lamont, Terra Kelly, Huaijun Zhou

Animal Science Publications

Newcastle disease (ND) has a great impact on poultry health and welfare with its most virulent (velogenic) strain. In addition, issues exacerbated by the increase in global temperatures necessitates a greater understanding of the host immune response when facing a combination of biotic and abiotic stress factors in poultry production. Previous investigations have revealed that the host immune response is tissue-specific. The goal of this study was to identify genes and/or signaling pathways associated with immune response to NDV (Newcastle disease virus) in the trachea, an essential organ where NDV replicate after the infection, by profiling the tissue specific ...


Gmnf-Yc4-2 Increases Protein, Exhibits Broad Disease Resistance And Expedites Maturity In Soybean, Seth O’Conner, Wenguang Zheng, Mingsheng Qi, Yuba Kandel, Robert Fuller, Steven A. Whitham, Ling Li 2021 Mississippi State University

Gmnf-Yc4-2 Increases Protein, Exhibits Broad Disease Resistance And Expedites Maturity In Soybean, Seth O’Conner, Wenguang Zheng, Mingsheng Qi, Yuba Kandel, Robert Fuller, Steven A. Whitham, Ling Li

Plant Pathology and Microbiology Publications

The NF-Y gene family is a highly conserved set of transcription factors. The functional transcription factor complex is made up of a trimer between NF-YA, NF-YB, and NF-YC proteins. While mammals typically have one gene for each subunit, plants often have multigene families for each subunit which contributes to a wide variety of combinations and functions. Soybean plants with an overexpression of a particular NF-YC isoform GmNF-YC4-2 (Glyma.04g196200) in soybean cultivar Williams 82, had a lower amount of starch in its leaves, a higher amount of protein in its seeds, and increased broad disease resistance for bacterial, viral, and ...


“Adopt-A-Tissue” Initiative Advances Efforts To Identify Tissue-Specific Histone Marks In The Mare, N. B. Kingsley, Natasha A. Hamilton, Gabriella Lindgren, Ludovic Orlando, Ernest Bailey, Samantha Brooks, Molly McCue, Ted S. Kalbfleisch, James N. MacLeod, Jessica L. Petersen, Carrie J. Finno, Rebecca R. Bellone 2021 University of California, Davis

“Adopt-A-Tissue” Initiative Advances Efforts To Identify Tissue-Specific Histone Marks In The Mare, N. B. Kingsley, Natasha A. Hamilton, Gabriella Lindgren, Ludovic Orlando, Ernest Bailey, Samantha Brooks, Molly Mccue, Ted S. Kalbfleisch, James N. Macleod, Jessica L. Petersen, Carrie J. Finno, Rebecca R. Bellone

Maxwell H. Gluck Equine Research Center Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Vaginal Microbiome And Serum Metabolite Differences In Late Gestation Commercial Sows At Risk For Pelvic Organ Prolapse, Zoë E. Kiefer, Lucas R. Koester, Lucas Showman, Jamie M. Studer, Amanda L. Chipman, Aileen F. Keating, Stephan Schmitz-Esser, Jason W. Ross 2021 Iowa State University

Vaginal Microbiome And Serum Metabolite Differences In Late Gestation Commercial Sows At Risk For Pelvic Organ Prolapse, Zoë E. Kiefer, Lucas R. Koester, Lucas Showman, Jamie M. Studer, Amanda L. Chipman, Aileen F. Keating, Stephan Schmitz-Esser, Jason W. Ross

Animal Science Publications

Sow mortality attributable to pelvic organ prolapse (POP) has increased in the U.S. swine industry and continues to worsen. Two main objectives of this study were, (1) to develop a perineal scoring system that can be correlated with POP risk, and (2) identify POP risk-associated biological factors. To assess POP risk during late gestation, sows (n = 213) were scored using a newly developed perineal scoring (PS) system. Sows scored as PS1 (low), PS2 (moderate), or PS3 (high) based on POP risk. Subsequently, 1.5, 0.8, and 23.1% of sows scored PS1, PS2, or PS3, respectively, experienced POP ...


Using Crispr-Cas9 To Construct Knockout Mutants In Dna-Repair Genes In Arabidopsis Thaliana, David Campbell 2021 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Using Crispr-Cas9 To Construct Knockout Mutants In Dna-Repair Genes In Arabidopsis Thaliana, David Campbell

Honors Theses, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

The mitochondria are known as the powerhouse of the cell, and just like a real powerhouse, it can be a dangerous place to store sensitive information. Energy generation and redox reactions in the mitochondria can cause damage to the DNA stored there, resulting in a higher mutation rate. Compared to their animal counterparts, however, plant mitochondria exhibit a lower mutation rate and a higher recombination rate. It is hypothesized that the unique DNA repair methods present in plant mitochondria are responsible for the phenomena observed there. To study the mechanics of DNA-repair in this organelle, however, researchers must be able ...


The Dna Cloud: Is It Alive?, Theodoros Bargiotas 2021 Louisiana State University

The Dna Cloud: Is It Alive?, Theodoros Bargiotas

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

In this analysis, I will firstly be presenting the current knowledge concerning the materiality of the internet based Cloud, which I will henceforth be referring to as simply the Cloud. For organisation purposes I have created two umbrella categories under which I place the ongoing research in the field. Scholars have been addressing the issue of Cloud materiality through broadly two prisms: sociological materiality and geopolitical materiality. The literature of course deals with the intricacies of the Cloud based on its present ferromagnetic storage functionality. However, developments in synthetic biology have caused private tech companies and University spin-offs to flirt ...


Changes In Both Trans- And Cis-Regulatory Elements Mediate Insecticide Resistance In A Lepidopteron Pest, Spodoptera Exigua, Bo Hu, He Huang, Songzhu Hu, Miaomiao Ren, Qi Wei, Xiangrui Tian, Mohammed Esmail Abdalla Elzaki, Chris Bass, Jianya Su, Subba Reddy Palli 2021 Nanjing Agricultural University, China

Changes In Both Trans- And Cis-Regulatory Elements Mediate Insecticide Resistance In A Lepidopteron Pest, Spodoptera Exigua, Bo Hu, He Huang, Songzhu Hu, Miaomiao Ren, Qi Wei, Xiangrui Tian, Mohammed Esmail Abdalla Elzaki, Chris Bass, Jianya Su, Subba Reddy Palli

Entomology Faculty Publications

The evolution of insect resistance to insecticides is frequently associated with overexpression of one or more cytochrome P450 enzyme genes. Although overexpression of CYP450 genes is a well-known mechanism of insecticide resistance, the underlying regulatory mechanisms are poorly understood. Here we uncovered the mechanisms of overexpression of the P450 gene, CYP321A8 in a major pest insect, Spodoptera exigua that is resistant to multiple insecticides. CYP321A8 confers resistance to organophosphate (chlorpyrifos) and pyrethroid (cypermethrin and deltamethrin) insecticides in this insect. Constitutive upregulation of transcription factors CncC/Maf are partially responsible for upregulated expression of CYP321A8 in the resistant strain. Reporter gene ...


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