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The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Childhood Snap Receipt As A Protective Factor Against Adult Obesity: Examining The Interaction Of Snap Participation And Neighborhood Disadvantage, Thomas Vartanian, Linda Houser Jan 2020

Childhood Snap Receipt As A Protective Factor Against Adult Obesity: Examining The Interaction Of Snap Participation And Neighborhood Disadvantage, Thomas Vartanian, Linda Houser

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Using the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID) with family fixed-effects (FE) models, we explore how neighborhood conditions and time receiving SNAP benefits during childhood interact to relate to time spent obese in adulthood. Results suggest that, for those growing up in less advantaged neighborhoods, SNAP receipt between the ages of 9–13 and 14–18 was associated with subsequently shorter periods of time obese in adulthood. Conversely, for those growing up in more advantaged neighborhoods, SNAP receipt during these same late childhood/ adolescent time periods was associated with relatively high proportions of time in adulthood spent obese. SNAP participation during early …


Review Of Why We’Re Polarized By Ezra Klein; Irony And Outrage: The Polarized Landscape Of Rage, Fear, And Laughter In The United States By Dannagal Goldthwaite Young; Prius Or Pickup? How Answers To Four Simple Questions Explain America’S Great Divide By Marc Hetherington And Jonathan Weiler, Daniel Liechty Jan 2020

Review Of Why We’Re Polarized By Ezra Klein; Irony And Outrage: The Polarized Landscape Of Rage, Fear, And Laughter In The United States By Dannagal Goldthwaite Young; Prius Or Pickup? How Answers To Four Simple Questions Explain America’S Great Divide By Marc Hetherington And Jonathan Weiler, Daniel Liechty

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Review of Why We’re Polarized; Irony and Outrage: The Polarized Landscape of Rage, Fear, and Laughter in the United States; Prius or Pickup? How Answers to Four Simple Questions Explain America’s Great Divide


System Of Structural Dependency In The Sudanese Refugee Women Of Kakuma Refugee Camp, Kenya, Jessica Gladden Jan 2020

System Of Structural Dependency In The Sudanese Refugee Women Of Kakuma Refugee Camp, Kenya, Jessica Gladden

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Many countries facing an influx of refugees have established refugee camps to provide temporary housing. Lacking a solution for the refugee crisis, these temporary facilities become long-term housing for many refugees. As a result, many refugees spend years or even decades in refugee camps. The refugees often are legally prohibited from obtaining employment. They must rely on aid from the United Nations and other organizations for their survival. This study considers some of the impacts of living in a refugee camp and surviving solely on humanitarian aid. In particular, this study examines the structural dependency observed in the Sudanese refugee …


Rebuilding Lives Post-Disaster, By Julie L. Drolet, Lucas Prieto Jan 2020

Rebuilding Lives Post-Disaster, By Julie L. Drolet, Lucas Prieto

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Julie L. Drolet, Rebuilding Lives Post-Disaster. Oxford University Press (2019). 258 pages, $39.95 (Paperback).


Physical Activity In Two Low-Income Detroit Neighborhoods: Disentangling Human Agency From Social Structure, Daniel J. Rose Jan 2020

Physical Activity In Two Low-Income Detroit Neighborhoods: Disentangling Human Agency From Social Structure, Daniel J. Rose

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

This article explores strategies developed by African American residents in response to barriers to physical activity in two low-income Detroit neighborhoods. Using 47 in-depth, qualitative interviews, a grounded theory approach allowed the analysis to be reframed around the ways in which structural factors conditioned, but did not determine the human agency of residents seeking physical activity. Interviews revealed numerous responses to structural barriers such as devising home routines, cognitive mapping to avoid perceived threats, and leaving the neighborhood to access resources. Differences in neighborhood contexts, along with unique individual concerns, showed that agency was neither a constant nor independent force, …


Review Of Gerontological Social Work And The Grand Challenges: Focusing On Policy And Practice. By Sara Sanders, Stacey R. Kolomer, Cheryl Waiters Spellman, And Victoria M. Rizzo, Katelyn Hill Jan 2020

Review Of Gerontological Social Work And The Grand Challenges: Focusing On Policy And Practice. By Sara Sanders, Stacey R. Kolomer, Cheryl Waiters Spellman, And Victoria M. Rizzo, Katelyn Hill

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Review of Gerontological Social Work and the Grand Challenges: Focusing on Policy and Practice.


Social Workers Count: Numbers And Social Issues, By Michael Anthony Lewis, Renee Andersen Garbe Jan 2020

Social Workers Count: Numbers And Social Issues, By Michael Anthony Lewis, Renee Andersen Garbe

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Michael Anthony Lewis, Social Workers Count: Numbers and Social Issues. Oxford University Press (2018). 207 pages, $34.95 (paperback).


Review Of Music And Dementia: From Cognition To Therapy. By Amee Baird, Sandra Garrido, And Jeanette Tamplin, Kinsey Stapleton Jan 2020

Review Of Music And Dementia: From Cognition To Therapy. By Amee Baird, Sandra Garrido, And Jeanette Tamplin, Kinsey Stapleton

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Review of Music and Dementia: From Cognition to Therapy.


After-School Childcare Arrangements And Maternal Labor Supply In Low-Income American Households: Comparisons Between Race And Ethnicity, Hyejoon Park, Min Zhan Dr., Shinwoo Choi Dr. Jan 2020

After-School Childcare Arrangements And Maternal Labor Supply In Low-Income American Households: Comparisons Between Race And Ethnicity, Hyejoon Park, Min Zhan Dr., Shinwoo Choi Dr.

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Even though after-school childcare arrangements are a significant matter for working mothers in the United States, only formal childcare has been recognized as relevant by researchers. Therefore, this study aims to find the association between different types of after-school childcare arrangements (after-school programs, relative, parental, self-care, and combination of care) and low-income working mothers’ labor supply, including their working hours and months, with special attention to their race/ethnicity. The study employed the Ordinary Least Squares regression analysis and utilized the National Household Education Survey Programs: After-School Programs and Activities (2005). The results showed that White and Hispanic mothers using relative …


Beyond The Neighborhood: Defining Membership In Diverse Community Contexts, Brad Forenza, Brian Dashew, Diana Cedeño, David T. Lardier Jan 2020

Beyond The Neighborhood: Defining Membership In Diverse Community Contexts, Brad Forenza, Brian Dashew, Diana Cedeño, David T. Lardier

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

The purpose of this research is to form an overarching definition of community membership that encompasses all community contexts. Utilizing qualitative interviews with 102 members of five known community contexts (communities of action, circumstance, interest, place, and practice), the authors use cross-case analysis to explore common, transcendent themes of membership. Three takeaways emerge: first, that individuals identify with communities to address personal needs but come to see social benefits; second, that individuals join communities to deepen existing relationships, but develop new ones; and third, that through engagement, individuals strengthen a sense of self that is unique to community context. Through …


Review Of Caste: The Origins Of Our Discontents By Isabel Wilkerson, Edward U. Murphy Jan 2020

Review Of Caste: The Origins Of Our Discontents By Isabel Wilkerson, Edward U. Murphy

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

No abstract provided.


Flawed Assumptions Of Welfare Participation: A Comparative Analysis Of Ohio And North Carolina Counties, Kasey Ray Jan 2020

Flawed Assumptions Of Welfare Participation: A Comparative Analysis Of Ohio And North Carolina Counties, Kasey Ray

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Welfare participation has been a longstanding issue of public debate for 50 years but remains largely understudied in welfare literature. The purpose of this research is to challenge the flawed assumptions of welfare participation by examining the varying spatial inequalities that influence U.S. welfare participation rates among eligible poor. This comparative analysis uses spatial inequality theory to examine welfare-to-work participation rates in all North Carolina and Ohio counties. I find that Ohio county welfare-to-work participation rates are most affected by region, race and gender while North Carolina county rates are most affected by politics, industry and race.


Etiology Of Poverty: A Critical Evaluation Of Two Major Theories, Stephen W. Stoeffler, Rigaud Joseph Jan 2020

Etiology Of Poverty: A Critical Evaluation Of Two Major Theories, Stephen W. Stoeffler, Rigaud Joseph

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

The purpose of this article is to appraise two competing frameworks related to poverty attribution: individualistic theories and structural theories. Using the Theory Evaluation Scale (TES)—an empirically validated nine-criterion measure—this paper scrutinizes the aforementioned theories for coherence, conceptual clarity, philosophical assumptions, connection with previous research, testability, empiricism, limitations, client context, and human agency. Results revealed that, at the scale level, both perspectives are of excellent quality. However, at the item-level, the structural perspective was found to be significantly stronger than the individual perspective. Therefore, the structural perspective is an epistemologically sounder framework for informing antipoverty interventions.


Structured Savings And Asset Ownership: The Role Of Rotating Savings And Credit Associations Among African Immigrants In The United States., Habiba Ibrahim Jan 2020

Structured Savings And Asset Ownership: The Role Of Rotating Savings And Credit Associations Among African Immigrants In The United States., Habiba Ibrahim

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Rotating Savings and Credit Associations (ROSCAs) are commonly practiced in developing countries across the globe. The practice is also common among immigrants in developed economies. This study uses survey data collected from African immigrants in the United States to examine whether saving in ROSCAs is associated with asset ownership among the participants. The results found that after receiving the ROSCAs savings, asset ownership among participants increased. Home ownership increased by 13.6%, small businesses increased by 27.2% (including taxi and commercial trucks) and car ownership increased by almost 20%. In conclusion, ROSCA participation increased asset ownership.


Review Of Shaping A Science Of Social Work: Professional Knowledge And Identity By John Brekke And Jeane Anastas, Yawen Li Jan 2020

Review Of Shaping A Science Of Social Work: Professional Knowledge And Identity By John Brekke And Jeane Anastas, Yawen Li

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Review of Shaping a Science of Social Work: Professional Knowledge and Identity by John Brekke and Jeane Anastas, Oxford University Press (2019).


Review Of Elder Suicide: Durkheim’S Vision By Stephen M. Marson, Daniel Liechty Jan 2020

Review Of Elder Suicide: Durkheim’S Vision By Stephen M. Marson, Daniel Liechty

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Review of Elder Suicide: Durkheim’s Vision by. Stephen M. Marson, NASW Press (2019),


Review Of Living Well, Dying Well: A Practical Guide To Choices, Costs, And Consequence By Judy Stevens-Long And Dohrea Bardell, Jewel Woodard Jan 2020

Review Of Living Well, Dying Well: A Practical Guide To Choices, Costs, And Consequence By Judy Stevens-Long And Dohrea Bardell, Jewel Woodard

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Review of Living Well, Dying Well: A Practical Guide to Choices, Costs, and Consequence by Judy Stevens-Long and Dohrea Bardell, Field University Press (2018)


Deconstructing The Racialized Cannabis User: Cannabis Criminalization And Intersections With The Social Work Profession, Amar Ghelani Jan 2020

Deconstructing The Racialized Cannabis User: Cannabis Criminalization And Intersections With The Social Work Profession, Amar Ghelani

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Cannabis users have been historically stigmatized and criminalized for non-violent behaviors such as consuming, producing, and distributing cannabis. Racialized cannabis users in particular have been constructed as fundamentally different, dangerous, and mentally unstable, while state actors have benefited from the subjugation of this group. The following article reviews the history of cannabis prohibition with an emphasis on the social construction of racialized cannabis users and role of social workers in the treatment of this group. As laws liberalizing cannabis use and trade are passed across North America, an emergent legal framework is maintaining racial divides and marginalizing non- White cannabis …


Illiberalism: A Primer And Call To Action For Social Workers, Loring P. Jones, David Engstrom Jan 2020

Illiberalism: A Primer And Call To Action For Social Workers, Loring P. Jones, David Engstrom

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Liberal democracies had been ascendant in the post-World War II era. President Trump is part of a wave of nationalist, anti-immigrant politicians with autocratic tendencies who are challenging liberal democracy. The term given to the governing philosophy of these leaders is illiberalism. This paper is meant to be a primer on illiberalism for social workers, describing this ideology and the threat illiberalism poses for democracy, our social welfare system, and the interests of social work clients. We conclude with a discussion on what social workers can do to defend democracy in light of the historic mission to advance social …


Young Adult Drinking And Depression: The Long-Term Consequences Of Poverty, Maternal Depression, And Childhood Behavioral Problems, Rachel Mckane, Molly K. Richard Jan 2020

Young Adult Drinking And Depression: The Long-Term Consequences Of Poverty, Maternal Depression, And Childhood Behavioral Problems, Rachel Mckane, Molly K. Richard

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

The objective of this research is to investigate the relationships among childhood poverty, maternal depressive symptoms, internalizing and externalizing childhood behavioral problems, and depressive symptoms and alcohol use in young adulthood. Using longitudinal data from a nationally representative sample and path analysis, a special case of Structural Equation Modeling (SEM), the results indicate that both childhood poverty and maternal depressive symptoms are associated with negative behavioral outcomes in childhood and young adulthood. This study also examines mediating effects of maternal depressive symptoms, and both externalizing and internalizing childhood behavioral problems. The findings indicate that the relationship between childhood poverty and …


Does Internet Access Create Or Destroy Social Capital? The Case Of West Java Province, Bayu Kharisma, Sutyastie Soemitro Remi Jan 2020

Does Internet Access Create Or Destroy Social Capital? The Case Of West Java Province, Bayu Kharisma, Sutyastie Soemitro Remi

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Bonding social capital is within a group or community, whereas bridging social capital is between social groups, social class, race, religion, or other important sociodemographic or socioeconomic characteristics. This paper aims to investigate the determinants of household involvement and the effect of internet access on bridging and bonding social capital in West Java, Indonesia. The data used in this study were sourced from the results of a survey conducted by the Central Bureau of Statistics (BPS) of West Java Province in 2014, The National Socio-Economic Survey (Survei Sosial Ekonomi Nasional) on Socio-Cultural and Educational Module (Modul Sosial Budaya dan Pendidikan) …


School Lunch Participation And Youth School Failure: A Multi-Racial Perspective, Shiyou Wu, Kalah M. Villagrana, Siobhan M. Lawler, Renee Garbe Jan 2020

School Lunch Participation And Youth School Failure: A Multi-Racial Perspective, Shiyou Wu, Kalah M. Villagrana, Siobhan M. Lawler, Renee Garbe

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

In the United States, students from low-socioeconomic status and minority ethnic groups graduate from high school at lower rates than their peers. Limited studies exist about the risk and protective factors that affect the disproportionate graduation rates by income and ethnicity. Using the 2016 Arizona Youth Survey data (N = 32,178), this study aims to explore the relationship between the National School Lunch Program (NSLP) participation and school failure, and other risk and protective factors from a multi-racial perspective. Logistic regressions were conducted on the total sample and the six ethnic subsamples (i.e., White, Latino, Black, American Indian, Asian/Pacific Islander, …


Review Of Gender Identity, Sexual Orientation And Sexual Assault: Challenging The Myths. By Corina Schulze, Sarah Koon-Magnin, And Valerie Bryan, Kimberly A. Hogan Jan 2020

Review Of Gender Identity, Sexual Orientation And Sexual Assault: Challenging The Myths. By Corina Schulze, Sarah Koon-Magnin, And Valerie Bryan, Kimberly A. Hogan

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Review of Gender Identity, Sexual Orientation and Sexual Assault: Challenging the Myths.


Review Of Jesus And John Wayne: How White Evangelicals Corrupted A Faith And Fractured A Nation. By Kristin Kobes Du Mez, Daniel Liechty Jan 2020

Review Of Jesus And John Wayne: How White Evangelicals Corrupted A Faith And Fractured A Nation. By Kristin Kobes Du Mez, Daniel Liechty

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Review of Jesus and John Wayne: How White Evangelicals Corrupted a Faith and Fractured a Nation.


Political Climate, Discrimination, And Mental Health: Understanding Latino Youth Experience During The 2016 Presidential Election, Jaime Booth, Christina Huerta Jan 2020

Political Climate, Discrimination, And Mental Health: Understanding Latino Youth Experience During The 2016 Presidential Election, Jaime Booth, Christina Huerta

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

In the last presidential election, Latino populations were the target of prejudicial language and discriminatory rhetoric. Experiences of discrimination may impact adolescent mental health, but little is known about the impact of the election cycle on Latino youth perceptions of discrimination and related emotional outcomes. The aim of this study was to understand Latino youths’ experiences, emotional reactions, and coping responses to discrimination surrounding the 2016 Presidential election. To do this, this study employed a qualitative approach that engaged 30 Latino youth ages 8 to 16 years old from Latino-serving social services agencies in the creation of art based on …


Review Of The “Population Problem” In Pacific Asia By Stuart Gietel-Basten, Soonhyung Kwon Jan 2020

Review Of The “Population Problem” In Pacific Asia By Stuart Gietel-Basten, Soonhyung Kwon

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Review of The “Population Problem” in Pacific Asia.


A Legal Analysis: The Transgender Bathroom Debate, Josselyn Sheer Jan 2020

A Legal Analysis: The Transgender Bathroom Debate, Josselyn Sheer

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

This article examines the current legal battles over transgender bathroom, locker room, and employment rights. In the recent years, there has been a major uproar surrounding the rights of transgender individuals; concurrently, our country is witnessing a shift in the ways in which individuals understand their gender outside of the binary male and female classification. While the word transgender can serve as an “umbrella term encompassing a wide array of identifies,” transgender rights have steadily grown across numerous areas (Buck, 2016, p. 465). However, there have been contentious legal issues that have put transgender individuals rights in the spotlight.

The …


Applying Transformative Organizing Theory To White Antiracist Organizing, Josal Diebold Jan 2020

Applying Transformative Organizing Theory To White Antiracist Organizing, Josal Diebold

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

White antiracist organizing is a type of community organizing that works to build a movement that challenges the political, social, economic, and cultural manifestations of white supremacy, especially in white communities. In striving to harness strategic white antiracist organizing, an applicable theoretical lens is needed to guide both scholarship and practice. Transformative organizing theory, predicated on the need to organize and work for change on multiple levels at once, is particularly salient. This paper highlights how transformative organizing theory can anchor and cultivate white antiracist organizing through the application of key theoretical concepts, such as suffering and oppression; self-awareness and …


"We're Not The Enemy And We're Not Asking For The World": Low-Wage Hospital Service Workers' Advocacy For Fair Wages, Sandra Wexler, Rafael J. Engel, Tal Laufer, Elizabeth Steiner Jan 2020

"We're Not The Enemy And We're Not Asking For The World": Low-Wage Hospital Service Workers' Advocacy For Fair Wages, Sandra Wexler, Rafael J. Engel, Tal Laufer, Elizabeth Steiner

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

A number of states and localities have increased the minimum wage beyond that set by the federal government in recognition of the material and health challenges faced by low-wage earners. Academics, economists, and activists have offered microeconomic, economic justice, and moral rationales to support increasing the minimum wage. These justifications can be understood from the vantage of claims-making, that is, the ways individuals and groups attempt to define and shape a social problem to influence policy. This paper examines the wage-related claims-making of low-wage hospital service workers. These workers (N=156) testified to a City Council-created Wage Review Committee, which posted …


Journal Of Sociology And Social Welfare Vol. 47 No. 1 Jan 2020

Journal Of Sociology And Social Welfare Vol. 47 No. 1

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

No abstract provided.