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Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Enhanced Convolutional Neural Network For Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Classification, Yahya Tashtoush, Rasha Obeidat, Abdallah Al-Shorman, Omar Darwish, Mohammad A. Al-Ramahi, Dirar Darweesh Feb 2023

Enhanced Convolutional Neural Network For Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Classification, Yahya Tashtoush, Rasha Obeidat, Abdallah Al-Shorman, Omar Darwish, Mohammad A. Al-Ramahi, Dirar Darweesh

Computer Information Systems Faculty Publications

Lung cancer is a common type of cancer that causes death if not detected
early enough. Doctors use computed tomography (CT) images to diagnose
lung cancer. The accuracy of the diagnosis relies highly on the doctor's
expertise. Recently, clinical decision support systems based on deep learning
valuable recommendations to doctors in their diagnoses. In this paper, we
present several deep learning models to detect non-small cell lung cancer in
CT images and differentiate its main subtypes namely adenocarcinoma,
large cell carcinoma, and squamous cell carcinoma. We adopted standard
convolutional neural networks (CNN), visual geometry group-16 (VGG16),
and VGG19. Besides, we …


A Bidirectional Deep Lstm Machine Learning Method For Flight Delay Modelling And Analysis, Desmond B. Bisandu, Irene Moulitsas Jan 2023

A Bidirectional Deep Lstm Machine Learning Method For Flight Delay Modelling And Analysis, Desmond B. Bisandu, Irene Moulitsas

National Training Aircraft Symposium (NTAS)

Flight delays can be prevented by providing a reference point from an accurate prediction model because predicting flight delays is a problem with a specific space. Only a few algorithms consider predicted classes' mutual correlation during flight delay classification or prediction modelling tasks. None of these existing methods works for all scenarios. Therefore, the need to investigate the performance of more models in solving the problem of flight delay is vast and rapidly increasing. This paper presents the development and evaluation of LSTM and BiLSTM models by comparing them for a flight delay prediction. The LSTM does the feature extraction …


Deep Learning-Based Classification Of Chaotic Systems Over Phase Portraits, Sezgi̇n Kaçar, Süleyman Uzun, Burak Aricioğlu Jan 2023

Deep Learning-Based Classification Of Chaotic Systems Over Phase Portraits, Sezgi̇n Kaçar, Süleyman Uzun, Burak Aricioğlu

Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences

This study performed a deep learning-based classification of chaotic systems over their phase portraits. To the best of the authors' knowledge, such classification studies over phase portraits have not been conducted in the literature. To that end, a dataset consisting of the phase portraits of the most known two chaotic systems, namely Lorenz and Chen, is generated for different values of the parameters, initial conditions, step size, and time length. Then, a classification with high accuracy is carried out employing transfer learning methods. The transfer learning methods used in the study are SqueezeNet, VGG-19, AlexNet, ResNet50, ResNet101, DenseNet201, ShuffleNet, and …


Cooperative Deep Q -Learning Framework For Environments Providing Image Feedback, Krishnan Raghavan, Vignesh Narayanan, Sarangapani Jagannathan Jan 2023

Cooperative Deep Q -Learning Framework For Environments Providing Image Feedback, Krishnan Raghavan, Vignesh Narayanan, Sarangapani Jagannathan

Publications

In this article, we address two key challenges in deep reinforcement learning (DRL) setting, sample inefficiency, and slow learning, with a dual-neural network (NN)-driven learning approach. In the proposed approach, we use two deep NNs with independent initialization to robustly approximate the action-value function in the presence of image inputs. In particular, we develop a temporal difference (TD) error-driven learning (EDL) approach, where we introduce a set of linear transformations of the TD error to directly update the parameters of each layer in the deep NN. We demonstrate theoretically that the cost minimized by the EDL regime is an approximation …


A Neural Analysis-Synthesis Approach To Learning Procedural Audio Models, Danzel Serrano Dec 2022

A Neural Analysis-Synthesis Approach To Learning Procedural Audio Models, Danzel Serrano

Theses

The effective sound design of environmental sounds is crucial to demonstrating an immersive experience. Classical Procedural Audio (PA) models have been developed to give the sound designer a fast way to synthesize a specific class of environmental sounds in a physically accurate and computationally efficient manner. These models are controllable due to the choice of parameters from analyzing a class of sound. However, the resulting synthesis lacks the fidelity for the preferred immersive experience; thus, the sound designer would rather search through an extensive database for real recordings of a target sound class. This thesis proposes the Procedural audio Variational …


Assessing Wood Failure In Plywood By Deep Learning/Semantic Segmentation, Ramon Ferreira Oliveira Dec 2022

Assessing Wood Failure In Plywood By Deep Learning/Semantic Segmentation, Ramon Ferreira Oliveira

Theses and Dissertations

The current method for estimating wood failure is highly subjective. Various techniques have been proposed to improve the current protocol, but none have succeeded. This research aims to use deep learning/semantic segmentation using SegNet architecture to estimate wood failure in four types of three-ply plywood from mechanical shear strength specimens. We trained and tested our approach on custom and commercial plywood with bio-based and phenol-formaldehyde adhesives. Shear specimens were prepared and tested. Photographs of 255 shear bonded areas were taken. Forty photographs were used to solicit visual estimates from five human evaluators, and the remaining photographs were used to train …


On Interpreting Eddy Covariance In Small Area Agricultural Situations With Contrasting Site Management., Joel Oetting Dec 2022

On Interpreting Eddy Covariance In Small Area Agricultural Situations With Contrasting Site Management., Joel Oetting

Doctoral Dissertations

This dissertation examined the carbon sequestration potential of a low C:N soil amendment and its incorporation into the soil over a rolling agricultural field. A segmented planar fit was developed to assess and correct the systematic errors the topography introduces on the carbon dioxide fluxes. The carbon dioxide fluxes were then be partitioned into gross primary productivity and soil respiration to understand the influence of the contrasting management practices, using flux variance partitioning. Concomitant with the partitioning, high resolution temporal and spatial scale remote sensing images were interpolated and standardized to conduct hypothesis testing for treatment effects.


Dronlomaly: Runtime Detection Of Anomalous Drone Behaviors Via Log Analysis And Deep Learning, Lwin Khin Shar, Wei Minn, Nguyen Binh Duong Ta, Lingxiao Jiang, Daniel Wai Kiat Lim, Wai Kiat David Lim Dec 2022

Dronlomaly: Runtime Detection Of Anomalous Drone Behaviors Via Log Analysis And Deep Learning, Lwin Khin Shar, Wei Minn, Nguyen Binh Duong Ta, Lingxiao Jiang, Daniel Wai Kiat Lim, Wai Kiat David Lim

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

Drones are increasingly popular and getting used in a variety of missions such as area surveillance, pipeline inspection, cinematography, etc. While the drone is conducting a mission, anomalies such as sensor fault, actuator fault, configuration errors, bugs in controller program, remote cyber- attack, etc., may affect the drone’s physical stability and cause serious safety violations such as crashing into the public. During a flight mission, drones typically log flight status and state units such as GPS coordinates, actuator outputs, accelerator readings, gyroscopic readings, etc. These log data may reflect the above-mentioned anomalies. In this paper, we propose a novel, deep …


The Role Of Radiomics And Ai Technologies In The Segmentation, Detection, And Management Of Hepatocellular Carcinoma, Dalia Fahmy, Ahmed Alksas, Ahmed Elnakib, Ali Mahmoud, Heba Kandil, Ashraf Khalil, Mohammed Ghazal, Eric Van Bogaert, Sohail Contractor, Ayman El-Baz Dec 2022

The Role Of Radiomics And Ai Technologies In The Segmentation, Detection, And Management Of Hepatocellular Carcinoma, Dalia Fahmy, Ahmed Alksas, Ahmed Elnakib, Ali Mahmoud, Heba Kandil, Ashraf Khalil, Mohammed Ghazal, Eric Van Bogaert, Sohail Contractor, Ayman El-Baz

All Works

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common primary hepatic neoplasm. Thanks to recent advances in computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), there is potential to improve detection, segmentation, discrimination from HCC mimics, and monitoring of therapeutic response. Radiomics, artificial intelligence (AI), and derived tools have already been applied in other areas of diagnostic imaging with promising results. In this review, we briefly discuss the current clinical applications of radiomics and AI in the detection, segmentation, and management of HCC. Moreover, we investigate their potential to reach a more accurate diagnosis of HCC and to guide proper treatment planning.


An Effective Deep Learning Approach For The Classification Of Bacteriosis In Peach Leave, Muneer Akbar, Mohib Ullah, Babar Shah, Rafi Ullah Khan, Tariq Hussain, Farman Ali, Fayadh Alenezi, Ikram Syed, Kyung Sup Kwak Nov 2022

An Effective Deep Learning Approach For The Classification Of Bacteriosis In Peach Leave, Muneer Akbar, Mohib Ullah, Babar Shah, Rafi Ullah Khan, Tariq Hussain, Farman Ali, Fayadh Alenezi, Ikram Syed, Kyung Sup Kwak

All Works

Bacteriosis is one of the most prevalent and deadly infections that affect peach crops globally. Timely detection of Bacteriosis disease is essential for lowering pesticide use and preventing crop loss. It takes time and effort to distinguish and detect Bacteriosis or a short hole in a peach leaf. In this paper, we proposed a novel LightWeight (WLNet) Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) model based on Visual Geometry Group (VGG-19) for detecting and classifying images into Bacteriosis and healthy images. Profound knowledge of the proposed model is utilized to detect Bacteriosis in peach leaf images. First, a dataset is developed which consists …


An Autoencoder-Based Deep Learning Method For Genotype Imputation, Meng Song, Jonathan Greenbaum, Joseph Luttrell Iv, Weihua Zhou, Chong Wu, Zhe Luo, Chuan Qiu, Lan Juan Zhao, Kuan-Jui Su, Qing Tian, Hui Shen, Huixiao Hong, Ping Gong, Xinghua Shi, Hong-Wen Deng, Chaoyang Zhang Nov 2022

An Autoencoder-Based Deep Learning Method For Genotype Imputation, Meng Song, Jonathan Greenbaum, Joseph Luttrell Iv, Weihua Zhou, Chong Wu, Zhe Luo, Chuan Qiu, Lan Juan Zhao, Kuan-Jui Su, Qing Tian, Hui Shen, Huixiao Hong, Ping Gong, Xinghua Shi, Hong-Wen Deng, Chaoyang Zhang

Faculty Publications

Genotype imputation has a wide range of applications in genome-wide association study (GWAS), including increasing the statistical power of association tests, discovering trait-associated loci in meta-analyses, and prioritizing causal variants with fine-mapping. In recent years, deep learning (DL) based methods, such as sparse convolutional denoising autoencoder (SCDA), have been developed for genotype imputation. However, it remains a challenging task to optimize the learning process in DL-based methods to achieve high imputation accuracy. To address this challenge, we have developed a convolutional autoencoder (AE) model for genotype imputation and implemented a customized training loop by modifying the training process with a …


Hydrological Drought Forecasting Using A Deep Transformer Model, Amobichukwu C. Amanambu, Joann Mossa, Yin-Hsuen Chen Nov 2022

Hydrological Drought Forecasting Using A Deep Transformer Model, Amobichukwu C. Amanambu, Joann Mossa, Yin-Hsuen Chen

University Administration Publications

Hydrological drought forecasting is essential for effective water resource management planning. Innovations in computer science and artificial intelligence (AI) have been incorporated into Earth science research domains to improve predictive performance for water resource planning and disaster management. Forecasting of future hydrological drought can assist with mitigation strategies for various stakeholders. This study uses the transformer deep learning model to forecast hydrological drought, with a benchmark comparison with the long short-term memory (LSTM) model. These models were applied to the Apalachicola River, Florida, with two gauging stations located at Chattahoochee and Blountstown. Daily stage-height data from the period 1928–2022 were …


Photovoltaic Cells For Energy Harvesting And Indoor Positioning, Hamada Rizk, Dong Ma, Mahbub Hassan, Moustafa Youssef Nov 2022

Photovoltaic Cells For Energy Harvesting And Indoor Positioning, Hamada Rizk, Dong Ma, Mahbub Hassan, Moustafa Youssef

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

We propose SoLoc, a lightweight probabilistic fingerprinting-based technique for energy-free device-free indoor localization. The system harnesses photovoltaic currents harvested by the photovoltaic cells in smart environments for simultaneously powering digital devices and user positioning. The basic principle is that the location of the human interferes with the lighting received by the photovoltaic cells, thus producing a location fingerprint on the generated photocurrents. To ensure resilience to noisy measurements, SoLoc constructs probability distributions as a photovoltaic fingerprint at each location. Then, we employ a probabilistic graphical model for estimating the user location in the continuous space. Results show that SoLoc can …


Recipegen++: An Automated Trigger Action Programs Generator, Imam Nur Bani Yusuf, Diyanah Binte Abdul Jamal, Lingxiao Jiang, David Lo Nov 2022

Recipegen++: An Automated Trigger Action Programs Generator, Imam Nur Bani Yusuf, Diyanah Binte Abdul Jamal, Lingxiao Jiang, David Lo

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

Trigger Action Programs (TAPs) are event-driven rules that allow users to automate smart-devices and internet services. Users can write TAPs by specifying triggers and actions from a set of predefined channels and functions. Despite its simplicity, composing TAPs can still be challenging for users due to the enormous search space of available triggers and actions. The growing popularity of TAPs is followed by the increasing number of supported devices and services, resulting in a huge number of possible combinations between triggers and actions. Motivated by such a fact, we improve our prior work and propose RecipeGen++, a deep-learning-based approach that …


Vulcurator: A Vulnerability-Fixing Commit Detector, Truong Giang Nguyen, Cong Thanh Le, Hong Jin Kang, Xuan-Bach D. Le, David Lo Nov 2022

Vulcurator: A Vulnerability-Fixing Commit Detector, Truong Giang Nguyen, Cong Thanh Le, Hong Jin Kang, Xuan-Bach D. Le, David Lo

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

Open-source software (OSS) vulnerability management process is important nowadays, as the number of discovered OSS vulnerabilities is increasing over time. Monitoring vulnerability-fixing commits is a part of the standard process to prevent vulnerability exploitation. Manually detecting vulnerability-fixing commits is, however, time-consuming due to the possibly large number of commits to review. Recently, many techniques have been proposed to automatically detect vulnerability-fixing commits using machine learning. These solutions either: (1) did not use deep learning, or (2) use deep learning on only limited sources of information. This paper proposes VulCurator, a tool that leverages deep learning on richer sources of information, …


An Investigation Of The Reconstruction Capacity Of Stacked Convolutional Autoencoders For Log-Mel-Spectrograms, Anastasia Natsiou, Luca Longo, Seán O'Leary Oct 2022

An Investigation Of The Reconstruction Capacity Of Stacked Convolutional Autoencoders For Log-Mel-Spectrograms, Anastasia Natsiou, Luca Longo, Seán O'Leary

Conference Papers

In audio processing applications, the generation of expressive sounds based on high-level representations demonstrates a high demand. These representations can be used to manipulate the timbre and influence the synthesis of creative instrumental notes. Modern algorithms, such as neural networks, have inspired the development of expressive synthesizers based on musical instrument timbre compression. Unsupervised deep learning methods can achieve audio compression by training the network to learn a mapping from waveforms or spectrograms to low-dimensional representations. This study investigates the use of stacked convolutional autoencoders for the compression of time-frequency audio representations for a variety of instruments for a single …


Deep Learning-Based Segmentation And Classification Of Leaf Images For Detection Of Tomato Plant Disease, Muhammad Shoaib, Tariq Hussain, Babar Shah, Ihsan Ullah, Sayyed Mudassar Shah, Farman Ali, Sang Hyun Park Oct 2022

Deep Learning-Based Segmentation And Classification Of Leaf Images For Detection Of Tomato Plant Disease, Muhammad Shoaib, Tariq Hussain, Babar Shah, Ihsan Ullah, Sayyed Mudassar Shah, Farman Ali, Sang Hyun Park

All Works

Plants contribute significantly to the global food supply. Various Plant diseases can result in production losses, which can be avoided by maintaining vigilance. However, manually monitoring plant diseases by agriculture experts and botanists is time-consuming, challenging and error-prone. To reduce the risk of disease severity, machine vision technology (i.e., artificial intelligence) can play a significant role. In the alternative method, the severity of the disease can be diminished through computer technologies and the cooperation of humans. These methods can also eliminate the disadvantages of manual observation. In this work, we proposed a solution to detect tomato plant disease using a …


Transrepair: Context-Aware Program Repair For Compilation Errors, Xueyang Li, Shangqing Liu, Ruitao Feng, Guozhu Meng, Xiaofei Xie, Kai Chen, Yang Liu Oct 2022

Transrepair: Context-Aware Program Repair For Compilation Errors, Xueyang Li, Shangqing Liu, Ruitao Feng, Guozhu Meng, Xiaofei Xie, Kai Chen, Yang Liu

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

Automatically fixing compilation errors can greatly raise the productivity of software development, by guiding the novice or AI programmers to write and debug code. Recently, learning-based program repair has gained extensive attention and became the stateof-the-art in practice. But it still leaves plenty of space for improvement. In this paper, we propose an end-to-end solution TransRepair to locate the error lines and create the correct substitute for a C program simultaneously. Superior to the counterpart, our approach takes into account the context of erroneous code and diagnostic compilation feedback. Then we devise a Transformer-based neural network to learn the ways …


Cmr3d: Contextualized Multi-Stage Refinement For 3d Object Detection, Dhanalaxmi Gaddam, Jean Lahoud, Fahad Shahbaz Khan, Rao Anwer, Hisham Cholakkal Sep 2022

Cmr3d: Contextualized Multi-Stage Refinement For 3d Object Detection, Dhanalaxmi Gaddam, Jean Lahoud, Fahad Shahbaz Khan, Rao Anwer, Hisham Cholakkal

Computer Vision Faculty Publications

Existing deep learning-based 3D object detectors typically rely on the appearance of individual objects and do not explicitly pay attention to the rich contextual information of the scene. In this work, we propose Contextualized Multi-Stage Refinement for 3D Object Detection (CMR3D) framework, which takes a 3D scene as input and strives to explicitly integrate useful contextual information of the scene at multiple levels to predict a set of object bounding-boxes along with their corresponding semantic labels. To this end, we propose to utilize a context enhancement network that captures the contextual information at different levels of granularity followed by a …


Explainable Artificial Intelligence Applications In Cyber Security: State-Of-The-Art In Research, Zhibo Zhang, Hussam Al Hamadi, Ernesto Damiani, Chan Yeob Yeun, Fatma Taher Sep 2022

Explainable Artificial Intelligence Applications In Cyber Security: State-Of-The-Art In Research, Zhibo Zhang, Hussam Al Hamadi, Ernesto Damiani, Chan Yeob Yeun, Fatma Taher

All Works

This survey presents a comprehensive review of current literature on Explainable Artificial Intelligence (XAI) methods for cyber security applications. Due to the rapid development of Internet-connected systems and Artificial Intelligence in recent years, Artificial Intelligence including Machine Learning and Deep Learning has been widely utilized in the fields of cyber security including intrusion detection, malware detection, and spam filtering. However, although Artificial Intelligence-based approaches for the detection and defense of cyber attacks and threats are more advanced and efficient compared to the conventional signature-based and rule-based cyber security strategies, most Machine Learning-based techniques and Deep Learning-based techniques are deployed in …


Negational Symmetry Of Quantum Neural Networks For Binary Pattern Classification, Nanqing Dong, Michael Kampffmeyer, Irina Voiculescu, Eric P. Xing Sep 2022

Negational Symmetry Of Quantum Neural Networks For Binary Pattern Classification, Nanqing Dong, Michael Kampffmeyer, Irina Voiculescu, Eric P. Xing

Machine Learning Faculty Publications

Although quantum neural networks (QNNs) have shown promising results in solving simple machine learning tasks recently, the behavior of QNNs in binary pattern classification is still underexplored. In this work, we find that QNNs have an Achilles’ heel in binary pattern classification. To illustrate this point, we provide a theoretical insight into the properties of QNNs by presenting and analyzing a new form of symmetry embedded in a family of QNNs with full entanglement, which we term negational symmetry. Due to negational symmetry, QNNs can not differentiate between a quantum binary signal and its negational counterpart. We empirically evaluate the …


Deep Learning-Based Text Recognition Of Agricultural Regulatory Document, Hua Leong Fwa, Farn Haur Chan Sep 2022

Deep Learning-Based Text Recognition Of Agricultural Regulatory Document, Hua Leong Fwa, Farn Haur Chan

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

In this study, an OCR system based on deep learning techniques was deployed to digitize scanned agricultural regulatory documents comprising of certificates and labels. Recognition of the certificatesand labels is challenging as they are scanned images of the hard copy form and the layout and size of the text as well as the languages vary between the various countries (due to diverse regulatory requirements). Weevaluated and compared between various state-of-the-art deep learningbased text detection and recognition model as well as a packaged OCR library – Tesseract. We then adopted a two-stage approach comprisingof text detection using Character Region Awareness For …


Fdrl Approach For Association And Resource Allocation In Multi-Uav Air-To-Ground Iomt Network, Abegaz Mohammed, Aiman Erbad, Hayla Nahom, Abdullatif Albaseer, Mohammed Abdallah, Mohsen Guizani Aug 2022

Fdrl Approach For Association And Resource Allocation In Multi-Uav Air-To-Ground Iomt Network, Abegaz Mohammed, Aiman Erbad, Hayla Nahom, Abdullatif Albaseer, Mohammed Abdallah, Mohsen Guizani

Machine Learning Faculty Publications

In 6G networks, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) can serve as aerial flying base stations (AFBS) with aerial mobile edge computing (AMEC) server capabilities. AFBS is an increasingly popular solution for delivering time-sensitive applications, extending network coverage, and assisting ground base stations in the healthcare systems for remote areas with limited infrastructure. Furthermore, the UAVs are deployed in the healthcare system to support the Internet of medical things (IoMT) devices in data collection, medical equipment distribution, and providing smart services. However, ensuring the privacy and security of patients’ data with the limited UAV resources is a major challenge. In this paper, …


A Tool-Supported Metamodel For Program Bugfix Analysis In Empirical Software Engineering, Manal Zneit Aug 2022

A Tool-Supported Metamodel For Program Bugfix Analysis In Empirical Software Engineering, Manal Zneit

Theses and Dissertations

This thesis describes a software modeling approach aimed at addressing empirical studies in software engineering. We build a metamodel that provides an overview of the taxonomy of program bugfixes in deep learning programs. For modeling purposes, we present a prototype tool that is an implementation of the model-driven techniques presented.


Role Of Deep Learning Techniques In Non-Invasive Diagnosis Of Human Diseases., Hisham Abouelseoud Elsayem Abdeltawab Aug 2022

Role Of Deep Learning Techniques In Non-Invasive Diagnosis Of Human Diseases., Hisham Abouelseoud Elsayem Abdeltawab

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Machine learning, a sub-discipline in the domain of artificial intelligence, concentrates on algorithms able to learn and/or adapt their structure (e.g., parameters) based on a set of observed data. The adaptation is performed by optimizing over a cost function. Machine learning obtained a great attention in the biomedical community because it offers a promise for improving sensitivity and/or specificity of detection and diagnosis of diseases. It also can increase objectivity of the decision making, decrease the time and effort on health care professionals during the process of disease detection and diagnosis. The potential impact of machine learning is greater than …


Computer Aided Diagnosis System For Breast Cancer Using Deep Learning., Asma Baccouche Aug 2022

Computer Aided Diagnosis System For Breast Cancer Using Deep Learning., Asma Baccouche

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The recent rise of big data technology surrounding the electronic systems and developed toolkits gave birth to new promises for Artificial Intelligence (AI). With the continuous use of data-centric systems and machines in our lives, such as social media, surveys, emails, reports, etc., there is no doubt that data has gained the center of attention by scientists and motivated them to provide more decision-making and operational support systems across multiple domains. With the recent breakthroughs in artificial intelligence, the use of machine learning and deep learning models have achieved remarkable advances in computer vision, ecommerce, cybersecurity, and healthcare. Particularly, numerous …


Towards Making Transformer-Based Language Models Learn How Children Learn, Yousra Mahdy Aug 2022

Towards Making Transformer-Based Language Models Learn How Children Learn, Yousra Mahdy

Boise State University Theses and Dissertations

Transformer-based Language Models (LMs), learn contextual meanings for words using a huge amount of unlabeled text data. These models show outstanding performance on various Natural Language Processing (NLP) tasks. However, what the LMs learn is far from what the meaning is for humans, partly due to the fact that humans can differentiate between concrete and abstract words, but language models make no distinction. Concrete words are words that have a physical representation in the world such as “chair”, while abstract words are ideas such as “democracy”. The process of learning word meanings starts from early childhood when children acquire their …


Data-Driven Research On Engineering Design Thinking And Behaviors In Computer-Aided Systems Design: Analysis, Modeling, And Prediction, Molla Hafizur Rahman Aug 2022

Data-Driven Research On Engineering Design Thinking And Behaviors In Computer-Aided Systems Design: Analysis, Modeling, And Prediction, Molla Hafizur Rahman

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Research on design thinking and design decision-making is vital for discovering and utilizing beneficial design patterns, strategies, and heuristics of human designers in solving engineering design problems. It is also essential for the development of new algorithms embedded with human intelligence and can facilitate human-computer interactions. However, modeling design thinking is challenging because it takes place in the designer’s mind, which is intricate, implicit, and tacit. For an in-depth understanding of design thinking, fine-grained design behavioral data are important because they are the critical link in studying the relationship between design thinking, design decisions, design actions, and design performance. Therefore, …


Medical Image Segmentation With Deep Convolutional Neural Networks, Chuanbo Wang Aug 2022

Medical Image Segmentation With Deep Convolutional Neural Networks, Chuanbo Wang

Theses and Dissertations

Medical imaging is the technique and process of creating visual representations of the body of a patient for clinical analysis and medical intervention. Healthcare professionals rely heavily on medical images and image documentation for proper diagnosis and treatment. However, manual interpretation and analysis of medical images are time-consuming, and inaccurate when the interpreter is not well-trained. Fully automatic segmentation of the region of interest from medical images has been researched for years to enhance the efficiency and accuracy of understanding such images. With the advance of deep learning, various neural network models have gained great success in semantic segmentation and …


Using Ensemble Learning Techniques To Solve The Blind Drift Calibration Problem, Devin Scott Drake Aug 2022

Using Ensemble Learning Techniques To Solve The Blind Drift Calibration Problem, Devin Scott Drake

Computer Science Theses & Dissertations

Large sets of sensors deployed in nearly every practical environment are prone to drifting out of calibration. This drift can be sensor-based, with one or several sensors falling out of calibration, or system-wide, with changes to the physical system causing sensor-reading issues. Recalibrating sensors in either case can be both time and cost prohibitive. Ideally, some technique could be employed between the sensors and the final reading that recovers the drift-free sensor readings. This paper covers the employment of two ensemble learning techniques — stacking and bootstrap aggregation (or bagging) — to recover drift-free sensor readings from a suite of …