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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Healthy Hearts: An Interactive Demonstration To Increase Interest In Medicine In Elementary/ Middle School Students In/Around Detroit., Neha Chava, Jessica Elderkin, Austin Kim, Molly Dahle, Rohit Goru, Karamoja Monchamp, Neeraj Ochaney, Meghan Dwaihy Md, Mph Mar 2024

Healthy Hearts: An Interactive Demonstration To Increase Interest In Medicine In Elementary/ Middle School Students In/Around Detroit., Neha Chava, Jessica Elderkin, Austin Kim, Molly Dahle, Rohit Goru, Karamoja Monchamp, Neeraj Ochaney, Meghan Dwaihy Md, Mph

Medical Student Research Symposium

There continues to be a lack of representation and diversity in higher education today, especially in medicine and healthcare. As part of the Healthy Hearts student organization at Wayne State University School of Medicine, we developed a one-time educational session and interactive demonstration to teach students about heart and lung health and fuel students’ enthusiasm for healthcare. This project serves as a quality improvement study to understand how we can increase STEM interest in elementary and middle school students in and around Detroit, Michigan. A three question pre- and post-intervention survey was constructed to measure change in: 1) interest in …


Silver Diamine Fluoride As A Caries Management Option For The Young Child, Giovana Anovazzi Medeiros Dds, Msc, Phd, Chia-En Tsai Dds, Ms, Nita Singh Dds, James R. Boynton Dds, Ms Jan 2024

Silver Diamine Fluoride As A Caries Management Option For The Young Child, Giovana Anovazzi Medeiros Dds, Msc, Phd, Chia-En Tsai Dds, Ms, Nita Singh Dds, James R. Boynton Dds, Ms

The Journal of the Michigan Dental Association

Dental caries is among the most-common childhood diseases around the world, and neglected caries can result in pain, infection, and can have a negative cascading impact on a child’s overall well-being. Definitive care of these lesions involves restorative procedures and/or extractions, but these treatment options require some level of child cooperation, which can sometimes be a challenge with very young children.

Silver diamine fluoride (SDF) is a non-invasive treatment intended to arrest the caries process. SDF is a liquid solution that contains a high concentration of silver and fluoride ions and has been used as an alternative agent for treating …


Role Of Surgery In The Prognosis Of Pediatric Thalamic Tumors, Mohamed Khaled Eissa, Mohamed Elbeltagy, Hesham Abou-Rahma, Hazem Mohamed Negm, Ahmed Said Mansour, Yasser Bahgat Elsisi Jan 2024

Role Of Surgery In The Prognosis Of Pediatric Thalamic Tumors, Mohamed Khaled Eissa, Mohamed Elbeltagy, Hesham Abou-Rahma, Hazem Mohamed Negm, Ahmed Said Mansour, Yasser Bahgat Elsisi

Menoufia Medical Journal

Objective: This study aimed to present the authors' experience in managing 20 cases of pediatric thalamic brain tumors. Background: Thalamic tumors constitute a small percentage (approximately 0.84-5.2%) of all brain tumors and are even rarer in the pediatric population, accounting for about 2-5% of pediatric brain tumors. These tumors present a significant challenge to neurosurgeons due to their intricate location within the brain and their proximity to crucial structures, especially in children. The management of these tumors necessitates careful consideration and expertise due to the potential risks associated with their critical position. Patients and Methods: In this retrospective study, the …


Enhancing Athletic Participation: Continuous Glucose Monitoring For Pediatric Type 1 Diabetes Athletes, Danielle Santiago Jan 2024

Enhancing Athletic Participation: Continuous Glucose Monitoring For Pediatric Type 1 Diabetes Athletes, Danielle Santiago

Nursing | Senior Theses

The difficulties that children and teenagers with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (T1DM) encounter are discussed in this thesis, with a focus on how fear of hypoglycemia (FOH) and actual hypoglycemia associated with this chronic illness affects their ability to engage in physical activities, especially organized sports. A common challenge for children diagnosed with T1DM is meeting the daily recommendation of 60 minutes of daily moderate to vigorous physical activity. The purpose of the proposed study is to evaluate if participation in structured exercise (physical education classes and after-school sports) increases among school-aged children who wear continuous glucose monitors (CGM) when …


Predictive Values Of Mallampati Score, Tonsillar Size, And Bmi Z-Score In The Presence And Severity Of Obstructive Sleep Apnea In Pediatric Population, Ayşe Kaçar Bayram, Ahu Paketçi̇, Melek Nur Şahbaz, Sevde Daşdelen, Serkan Bilge Koca Jan 2024

Predictive Values Of Mallampati Score, Tonsillar Size, And Bmi Z-Score In The Presence And Severity Of Obstructive Sleep Apnea In Pediatric Population, Ayşe Kaçar Bayram, Ahu Paketçi̇, Melek Nur Şahbaz, Sevde Daşdelen, Serkan Bilge Koca

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common sleep-related breathing disorder in children. Determination of riskfactors for the development of OSA is essential for early diagnosis and treatment of the disease and decreases the risk of negativeconsequences. This study aimed to investigate the predictive values of Mallampati score, tonsillar size, and BMI z-score in the presenceand severity of OSA in children.Materials and methods: This prospective cross-sectional study included 114 children with OSA symptoms. All children were assessedby BMI z-score, Mallampati score, and tonsillar size and underwent overnight polysomnography. They were consecutively selected andassigned to 4 groups as follows: Group 1 included …


Minipuberty Period Of Children With Atopic Dermatitis Compared To Healthy Children, Serkan Bilge Koca, Hatice Eke Güngör, Murat Cansever Jan 2024

Minipuberty Period Of Children With Atopic Dermatitis Compared To Healthy Children, Serkan Bilge Koca, Hatice Eke Güngör, Murat Cansever

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Atopic dermatitis (AD) is an inflammatory, pruritic, noncontagious, chronic relapsing skin disease. Skin barrierabnormalities, excessive T helper 2 activity, and immune dysregulation are held responsible. Androgens have a negative effect on theintegrity of the epidermal skin barrier, while estrogen has a positive effect. We aimed to investigate whether hormones make a differencebetween healthy children and children with AD during minipuberty.Materials and methods: A total of 96 infants (postnatal 4–13 weeks), 48 diagnosed with AD and 48 controls, were included. Each groupconsisted of 23 girls (47.9%) and 25 boys (52.1%). Anthropometric examinations and hormone measurements were compared.Results: The two groups, having …


Hippotherapy Within Physical Therapy Treatment: Helping Patients With Cerebral Palsy Achieve Functional Goals, Grace Kucienski Dec 2023

Hippotherapy Within Physical Therapy Treatment: Helping Patients With Cerebral Palsy Achieve Functional Goals, Grace Kucienski

Honors Capstones

Hippotherapy is a treatment tool that can be utilized by trained occupational therapists, speech language pathologists, and physical therapists. It involves the utilization of a horse’s movement to facilitate certain sensory, adaptive, neuromotor, cognitive, and physical responses from a patient. The purpose of this project is to examine how hippotherapy as a treatment tool in physical therapy benefits children with cerebral palsy. The examination of this subject matter was conducted in a case study format. For twelve weeks, one patient with cerebral palsy’s physical therapy sessions utilizing hippotherapy were observed. During these sessions, her progress towards reaching a specific functional …


Acute Stress Disorder And Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Screening In Pediatric Trauma Patients, Samantha Irizarry, Marian Malone, Megan Waddell Dec 2023

Acute Stress Disorder And Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Screening In Pediatric Trauma Patients, Samantha Irizarry, Marian Malone, Megan Waddell

Graduate Publications and Other Selected Works - Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)

BACKGROUND: Two-thirds of U.S. children and adolescents report experiencing one or more potentially traumatic events by age seventeen. 13.4% of the North Carolina pediatric population ages 0-17 have undergone two or more traumatic adverse childhood experiences, compared to 14% of the U.S. population. Early identification reduces the by-products of underdiagnosis of ASD and PTSD, such as mental illness, developmental delays, poor academic performance, and challenges with social interactions.

LOCAL PROBLEM: The project site is a level-one pediatric trauma hospital in Charlotte, North Carolina, seeing more than 130,000 patients annually. Before project implementation, there was an absence of ASD …


Hand-Use Preferences For Reaching And Object Exploration In Children With Impaired Upper Extremity Functioning: The Role Of Environmental Affordances, Iryna Babik, Michele A. Lobo Dec 2023

Hand-Use Preferences For Reaching And Object Exploration In Children With Impaired Upper Extremity Functioning: The Role Of Environmental Affordances, Iryna Babik, Michele A. Lobo

Psychological Sciences Faculty Publications and Presentations

Infants and young children with weakened or impaired upper extremity functioning often develop a strong hand-use “preference” for reaching and object manipulation. While “preferring” their stronger hand, they often partially or completely ignore their “non-preferred” hand. Such manual lateralization might impede complex object exploration, which would negatively affect children’s cognitive development. The question is whether environmental affordances would significantly affect children’s manifested hand-use “preferences” by promoting the use of the “non-preferred” hand. The current sample included 17 children (5 males; 13.9 ± 8.7 months at baseline) with arthrogryposis multiplex congenita (arthrogryposis). The reaching and object exploration of the children were …


South Los Angeles Park Observation Research, Valeria N. Delgado, Melissa R. Ramos Nov 2023

South Los Angeles Park Observation Research, Valeria N. Delgado, Melissa R. Ramos

Student Scholar Symposium Abstracts and Posters

The health impact of elevated gang activity on the residents of South Los Angeles has been a pressing concern with limited research. Thus, this study aimed to understand the potential health repercussions within this context, specifically by examining how different patrolling systems influence community members' physical activity in public parks. To increase security, the city of Los Angeles implemented police patrol programs in multiple high-risk parks. Concurrently, the Advocates for Urban Peace & Unity (APUU), a local community organization, introduced a novel approach of community-led park patrolling. Essentially, respected community members volunteer to patrol and maintain safety and order in …


Enhancing Athletic Participation: Continuous Glucose Monitoring For Pediatric Type 1 Diabetes Athletes, Danielle Santiago Nov 2023

Enhancing Athletic Participation: Continuous Glucose Monitoring For Pediatric Type 1 Diabetes Athletes, Danielle Santiago

Nursing | Student Research Posters

Background: Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is a lifelong autoimmune condition requiring exogenous insulin, daily insulin management, and blood glucose monitoring (Kahanovitz et al., 2018). Diagnosis, often in childhood, brings overwhelming challenges for children and parents. While no cure exists, advances in monitoring and insulin delivery enhance blood sugar control and quality of life (Mayo Clinic, 2023)

Problem Statement: It is suspected that children with T1DM develop a fear of hypoglycemia (FOH) that deters exercise. Cockroft et al. (2023) found that 70% of youth with T1DM do not meet the recommended amount of exercise (Cockcroft et al., 2023). Physical education …


Stress And Coping Strategies Adopted By Mothers Of Children Admitted In Pediatric Intensive Care Unit., Anisha P. R, Remya U R Nov 2023

Stress And Coping Strategies Adopted By Mothers Of Children Admitted In Pediatric Intensive Care Unit., Anisha P. R, Remya U R

Manipal Journal of Nursing and Health Sciences

Introduction: Planned or unplanned hospitalization increases the family’s stress and anxiety level. Hospitalization creates stress as they interrupt normal routines and place increased demands on parents who must further divide their time between the normal responsibilities and their hospitalized child. Many parents feel a lack of control and sense of powerlessness when their child is hospitalized. Objectives: The objectives of the study were to identify the stressors and coping strategies adopted by mothers of children admitted in pediatric intensive care unit and to determine the co-relation between stressors and coping strategies adopted by mothers of children admitted in PICU. Methods: …


Impact Of Child/Parent Characteristics On Ultra-Processed Food Intake In Preschool-Aged Children, A Latent Class Analysis Of Obesity-Related Factors And Obesity Risk, And The Qualitative Impact Of 9-11 Year Old's Perception Of Unhealthy Food Marketing, Jennifer E. Carroll Nov 2023

Impact Of Child/Parent Characteristics On Ultra-Processed Food Intake In Preschool-Aged Children, A Latent Class Analysis Of Obesity-Related Factors And Obesity Risk, And The Qualitative Impact Of 9-11 Year Old's Perception Of Unhealthy Food Marketing, Jennifer E. Carroll

Doctoral Dissertations

Childhood overweight/obesity is an epidemic in the US. Modifiable risk factors, such as intake of foods that are highly processed, are heavily marketed to children. Exposure to food advertisements, along with home environment factors, family meal styles, and digital media habits shapes children’s preferences, tastes, and habits. Predictors of ultra-processed food (UPF) intake in children are unclear and the potential effect of ad exposure on UPF intake is unknown. It is also unknown if there are distinct response patterns among a collection of potentially obesity-related factors, and if distinct groups affect child BMI. Additionally, more qualitative research is needed to …


Hospital And Emergency Department Discharge Against Medical Advice In Western Australian Aboriginal Children Aged 0–4 Years From 2002 To 2018: A Cohort Study, Daniel Christensen, Alison Gibberd, Bridgette Mcnamara, Sandra Eades, Carrington Shepherd, David B. Preen, Daniel Mcaullay, Natalie Strobel Nov 2023

Hospital And Emergency Department Discharge Against Medical Advice In Western Australian Aboriginal Children Aged 0–4 Years From 2002 To 2018: A Cohort Study, Daniel Christensen, Alison Gibberd, Bridgette Mcnamara, Sandra Eades, Carrington Shepherd, David B. Preen, Daniel Mcaullay, Natalie Strobel

Research outputs 2022 to 2026

Background: Discharge against medical advice (DAMA) is a priority issue for the health system. Little is known about the factors associated with DAMA for Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander (Aboriginal) children in Australia. Objectives: Investigate the associations between DAMA for hospital admissions and emergency department (ED) presentations and: (i) child, family and episode of service characteristics and (ii) 30-day readmission/ re-presentation. Methods: We conducted a cohort study of Aboriginal children born in Western Australia (2002–2013) who had ≥ 1 hospital admissions (n = 16,931) or ED presentations (n = 26,546) within the first 5 years of life. The outcome of …


The Relationship Between Parental Trauma History And Perceptions Regarding Their Child’S Healthcare And Utilization Of Healthcare Services, Krishna Patel Nov 2023

The Relationship Between Parental Trauma History And Perceptions Regarding Their Child’S Healthcare And Utilization Of Healthcare Services, Krishna Patel

Theses and Dissertations

Abstract

TITLE: The Relationship Between Parental Trauma History and Perceptions Regarding Their Child’s Healthcare and Utilization of Healthcare Services

Adverse child events (ACEs) have been associated with a number of physical and mental health problems and have also been linked to increased health care utilization. While parents who have an ACE history may tend to seek healthcare services for themselves, limited studies have examined the impact of their trauma history on seeking healthcare services for their child. Healthcare utilization may also depend on the parents’ level of health anxiety, as well as their anxiety about their child’s health status. This …


Clinical Characteristics And Predictors For Recurrence In Chronic Nonbacterial Osteomyelitis: A Retrospective Multicenter Analysis, Kadi̇r Ulu, Rana İşgüder, Şeri̇fe Gül Karadağ, Esra Bağlan, Gülşah Kavrul Kayaalp, Gülçi̇n Otar Yener, Kübra Öztürk, Hafi̇ze Emi̇ne Sönmez, Semanur Özdel, Ferhat Demi̇r, Balahan Makay, Şevket Erbi̇l Ünsal, Betül Sözeri̇, Nuray Aktay Ayaz, Mustafa Çakan Oct 2023

Clinical Characteristics And Predictors For Recurrence In Chronic Nonbacterial Osteomyelitis: A Retrospective Multicenter Analysis, Kadi̇r Ulu, Rana İşgüder, Şeri̇fe Gül Karadağ, Esra Bağlan, Gülşah Kavrul Kayaalp, Gülçi̇n Otar Yener, Kübra Öztürk, Hafi̇ze Emi̇ne Sönmez, Semanur Özdel, Ferhat Demi̇r, Balahan Makay, Şevket Erbi̇l Ünsal, Betül Sözeri̇, Nuray Aktay Ayaz, Mustafa Çakan

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Chronic nonbacterial osteomyelitis (CNO) is a rare disease of unknown etiology and most commonly occurs during childhood or adolescence. The purpose of this study is to collect data on the clinical features, outcomes, and management of the disease and to identify the factors affecting recurrence. Materials and methods: This is a retrospective multicenter cross-sectional study of pediatric patients diagnosed with CNO. A total of 87 patients with a diagnosis of CNO followed for at least 6 months in 8 pediatric rheumatology centers across the country between January 2010 and December 2021 were included in this study. Results: The study …


Alterations In B And Nk Cells Highly Correlate With Disease Severity In Children With Covid-19, Ezgi̇ Topyildiz, Nesli̇han Karaca, Razi̇ye Burcu Taşkin, Ayşe Aygün, Zümrüt Şahbudak Bal, Eylem Ulaş Saz, Nuri̇ Zafer Kurugöl, Neci̇l Kütükçüler, Güzi̇de Aksu Oct 2023

Alterations In B And Nk Cells Highly Correlate With Disease Severity In Children With Covid-19, Ezgi̇ Topyildiz, Nesli̇han Karaca, Razi̇ye Burcu Taşkin, Ayşe Aygün, Zümrüt Şahbudak Bal, Eylem Ulaş Saz, Nuri̇ Zafer Kurugöl, Neci̇l Kütükçüler, Güzi̇de Aksu

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Children with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) present milder symptoms than adults and are at lower risk of hospitalization and life-threatening complications. However, the kinetics of lymphocyte subsets and serum immunoglobulins in the peripheral blood during COVID-19 infection remains unclear. In this study, it was aimed to determine the changes in hematological and immunological parameters, especially in the lymphocyte subsets, in the peripheral blood of children with different COVID-19 disease severity. Materials and methods: The study was planned as a prospective cohort and included 68 children aged 0?18 years who were admitted to Ege University Faculty of Medicine Department of …


Cupressus Arizonica: An Emerging Aeroallergen For East Mediterranean Children, Hi̇lal Ünsal, Ümi̇t Murat Şahi̇ner, Özge Uysal Soyer, Bülent Eni̇s Şekerel Oct 2023

Cupressus Arizonica: An Emerging Aeroallergen For East Mediterranean Children, Hi̇lal Ünsal, Ümi̇t Murat Şahi̇ner, Özge Uysal Soyer, Bülent Eni̇s Şekerel

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Cupressus sempervirens is a tree native to the Mediterranean region. We aimed to investigate the frequency of sensitization/allergy to Cupressus arizonica pollen, which is not native to Anatolia. Materials and methods: Patients aged 5?18 years who underwent respiratory allergy screening in Türkiye?s largest referral center over a 1-year period were reviewed retrospectively for a diagnostic study of Cupressus allergy. Results: Of 246 patients, 207 (67.6% male) with a median age of 11.7 (IQR 9.2?15) years were found to be aeroallergen-sensitive and C. arizonica (32%) was the second most common sensitivity after grass pollen (83.6%). In the C. arizonica-sensitive subgroup, …


Reporting The Clinical Spectrum Of Children With Igav In A Retrospective 24-Year Cohort: Influences Of Age And Sex On Clinical Presentation, Sema Yildirim, Müferet Ergüven Oct 2023

Reporting The Clinical Spectrum Of Children With Igav In A Retrospective 24-Year Cohort: Influences Of Age And Sex On Clinical Presentation, Sema Yildirim, Müferet Ergüven

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Immunoglobulin A vasculitis (IgAV) is one of the most common types of vasculitis in children. The aims of this study were to investigate the clinical characteristics of the disease, and the effects of age and sex on the clinical course in children with IgAV. Materials and methods: This was a retrospective study including pediatric patients diagnosed with IgAV who attended follow-ups at the pediatric rheumatology department of a tertiary healthcare institution between January 1997 and December 2020. The patients were grouped and compared according to sex and age at diagnosis (<7 years vs. ?7 years). Results: The study included 709 children with IgAV, 392 (55.3%) of whom were male. The mean age at diagnosis was 7.9 ± 3.2 years. The most common disease onset season was autumn (31.2%). Upper respiratory infections (27.8%) were the most common predisposing factors. Gastrointestinal system (GIS), joint, and renal involvement were observed in 52.8%, 47.5%, and 17.5% of patients, respectively. Renal involvement, GIS involvement, and disease relapse were significantly more common among those diagnosed after 7 years of age compared to those diagnosed before the age of 7 (p < 0.001, p = 0.033, and p < 0.001, respectively). Scrotal involvement and subcutaneous edema were more common among those diagnosed at younger than 7 years compared to those aged ?7 years at diagnosis (p < 0.001 and p = 0.016, respectively). GIS involvement was more frequently seen in males compared to females (p = 0.046). Conclusion: It was demonstrated that being ?7 years of age at diagnosis or being a male were associated with higher likelihood of renal and GIS involvement in children with IgAV.


Unraveling The Impact Of Primary Immunodeficiency Disorders On The Microbiota Of Dental Caries In Children Through 16s Rrna Gene-Based Metagenomic Analysis, Bushra Al-Kebsi̇, Gökhan Kars, Hazal Özer, Şükrü Nai̇l Güner Oct 2023

Unraveling The Impact Of Primary Immunodeficiency Disorders On The Microbiota Of Dental Caries In Children Through 16s Rrna Gene-Based Metagenomic Analysis, Bushra Al-Kebsi̇, Gökhan Kars, Hazal Özer, Şükrü Nai̇l Güner

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Dental caries is a frequently occurring and multifactorial chronic disease in children resulting from the interaction of cariogenic bacteria and host susceptibility. The aim of this study was to elucidate the impacts of primary immunodeficiency disorders (PIDs) on microbiota of dental caries in children by 16S rRNA gene-based metagenomic analysis. Materials and methods: Enrolled in this study were 15 children with primary PID with caries (PID group) and 15 healthy children with caries as a control (CG). The DMFT index, saliva flow rate, and buffering capacity of each participant were assessed before the metagenomic analyses were conducted. For taxonomic …


Metabolomic Phenotype Of Hepatic Steatosis And Fibrosis In Mexican Children Living With Obesity, Nayely Garibay-Nieto, Karen Pedraza-Escudero, Isabel Omaña-Guzmán, María José Garcés-Hernández, Eréndira Villanueva-Ortega, Mariana Flores-Torres, José Luis Pérez-Hernández, Mireya León-Hernández, Estibalitz Laresgoiti-Servitje, Juan Carlos Lopez-Alvarenga Oct 2023

Metabolomic Phenotype Of Hepatic Steatosis And Fibrosis In Mexican Children Living With Obesity, Nayely Garibay-Nieto, Karen Pedraza-Escudero, Isabel Omaña-Guzmán, María José Garcés-Hernández, Eréndira Villanueva-Ortega, Mariana Flores-Torres, José Luis Pérez-Hernández, Mireya León-Hernández, Estibalitz Laresgoiti-Servitje, Juan Carlos Lopez-Alvarenga

School of Medicine Publications and Presentations

Background and Objectives: Metabolic-dysfunction-associated steatotic liver disease or MASLD is the main cause of chronic liver diseases in children, and it is estimated to affect 35% of children living with obesity. This study aimed to identify metabolic phenotypes associated with two advanced stages of MASLD (hepatic steatosis and hepatic steatosis plus fibrosis) in Mexican children with obesity.

Materials and Methods: This is a cross-sectional analysis derived from a randomized clinical trial conducted in children and adolescents with obesity aged 8 to 16 years. Anthropometric and biochemical data were measured, and targeted metabolomic analyses were carried out using mass spectrometry. …


Virtual Education Implementation For Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders Amidst The Covid-19 Pandemic, Monika Sinha-Bhamra Oct 2023

Virtual Education Implementation For Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders Amidst The Covid-19 Pandemic, Monika Sinha-Bhamra

Doctor of Philosophy in Translational Health Sciences Dissertations

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic led to widespread school closures in the Washington DC metropolitan region, necessitating a shift from traditional in-person education to virtual platforms. The context was significantly influenced by the evolving pandemic and its impact on the region's COVID-19 positive rates, with the Washington DC region facing some of the highest positive rates in 2020. These escalating positive rates posed substantial challenges to planning and implementing in-person learning, primarily driven by concerns for public health and safety. The region's persistently low percentages of in-person learning made it one of the worst in the country regarding the provision of …


Vitamin D Deficiency Among Children And Adolescents Living In Sunny South Texas, Yoscelina E. Martinez-Lopez, Margarita Faz, Beatriz Tapia, Juan C. Lopez-Alvarenga, Francisco J. Cervantes Sep 2023

Vitamin D Deficiency Among Children And Adolescents Living In Sunny South Texas, Yoscelina E. Martinez-Lopez, Margarita Faz, Beatriz Tapia, Juan C. Lopez-Alvarenga, Francisco J. Cervantes

Research Symposium

Background: Exposure to sunlight is essential to produce Vitamin D (ViD). Recent studies suggest obesity is associated with low ViD concentration. Living in South Texas with 220 sunny days a year should be enough to maintain adequate ViD levels. We aimed to analyze ViD levels and obesity in children and adolescents.

Methods: We included 1239 pediatric (1.5 to 18.8 years old) participants (primary care clinic from Laredo) with registered CDC percentiles of BMI (pBMI) and serum concentrations of ViD (Atellica™). Data are described as median (p25, p75), Loess correlation between pBMI and ViD, ANCOVA to adjust by age, sex, and …


The Ventilatory Management Of Paediatric Central Sleep Apnoea: A Systematic Review, Kane A. Hodge, Anne Jones Sep 2023

The Ventilatory Management Of Paediatric Central Sleep Apnoea: A Systematic Review, Kane A. Hodge, Anne Jones

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

Purpose: Paediatric central sleep apnoea (CSA) occurs more frequently in the presence of another medical condition. This systematic review aimed to determine the effectiveness of oxygen therapy and non-invasive ventilation (NIV) for children with CSA and additional underlying comorbidities. Method: A search was undertaken of CINAHL Complete, Emcare, Scopus, MEDLINE, and PubMed with forward and backward citations for studies published between database inception and the 5th of May 2022. Articles of any study design or quality were included, excluding systematic reviews, letters, or study protocols. Articles had to involve only paediatric patients with a diagnosis of CSA with …


Sedentary Bout Patterns And Metabolic Health In The Hispanic Community Health Study/Study Of Latino Youth (Sol Youth)., Jordan A. Carlson, Paul R. Hibbing, Bethany Forseth, Keith M. Diaz, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Carolina M. Bejarano, Andrea T. Duran, Sheila F. Castañeda, Melawhy L. Garcia, Krista M. Perreira, Martha L. Daviglus, Linda Van Horn, Marc D. Gellman, Carmen R. Isasi, Jianwen Cai, Alan M. Delamater, Vincent S. Staggs, John Thyfault, Linda C. Gallo Sep 2023

Sedentary Bout Patterns And Metabolic Health In The Hispanic Community Health Study/Study Of Latino Youth (Sol Youth)., Jordan A. Carlson, Paul R. Hibbing, Bethany Forseth, Keith M. Diaz, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Carolina M. Bejarano, Andrea T. Duran, Sheila F. Castañeda, Melawhy L. Garcia, Krista M. Perreira, Martha L. Daviglus, Linda Van Horn, Marc D. Gellman, Carmen R. Isasi, Jianwen Cai, Alan M. Delamater, Vincent S. Staggs, John Thyfault, Linda C. Gallo

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Background There is limited evidence on the potential negative metabolic health impacts of prolonged and uninterrupted sedentary bouts in structurally disadvantaged youth. This study investigated associations between sedentary bout variables and metabolic health markers in the Hispanic Community Health Study/SOL Youth (Study of Latino Youth). Methods and Results SOL Youth was a population-based cohort of 1466 youth (age range, 8-16 years; 48.5% female); 957 youth were included in the analytic sample based on complete data. Accelerometers measured moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), total sedentary time, and sedentary bout patterns (daily time spent in sedentary bouts ≥30 minutes, median sedentary bout duration, …


What To Expect As Children Transition To Young Adults, Melissa Ponce-Rodas Sep 2023

What To Expect As Children Transition To Young Adults, Melissa Ponce-Rodas

Lake Union Herald

No abstract provided.


Screening Utility And Acceptability Of The Kiswahili-Pgals (Paediatric Gait, Arms, Legs, Spine) At A Tertiary Referral Hospital In Kenya-A Diagnostic Accuracy Study, Jacqueline Kawishe, Anthony Ngugi, Stanley Luchters, Helen Foster, Angela Migowa Sep 2023

Screening Utility And Acceptability Of The Kiswahili-Pgals (Paediatric Gait, Arms, Legs, Spine) At A Tertiary Referral Hospital In Kenya-A Diagnostic Accuracy Study, Jacqueline Kawishe, Anthony Ngugi, Stanley Luchters, Helen Foster, Angela Migowa

Paediatrics and Child Health, East Africa

Background:Paediatric rheumatic diseases cause considerable disease burden to children and their families (Moorthy LN, Peterson MGE, Hassett AL, et al, Pediatric Rheumatology 8:20, 2010). Delayed diagnosis is a signifcant determinant of severity and mortality attributed to these conditions (Foster HE, Eltringham MS, Kay LJ, et al, Arthritis Care Res 57(6):921-7, 2007). pGALS is a simple clinical tool used to assess joints and identify musculoskeletal (MSK) conditions in school-going children to enable early referral to paediatric rheumatologists.

Objectives: This study aimed to translate and determine the diagnostic accuracy and acceptability of a Kiswahili version of the pGALS screening tool among …


Parental Diabetes Distress Is A Stronger Predictor Of Child Hba1c Than Diabetes Device Use In School-Age Children With Type 1 Diabetes., Susana R. Patton, Nicole Kahhan, Jessica S. Pierce, Matthew Benson, Larry A. Fox, Mark A. Clements Sep 2023

Parental Diabetes Distress Is A Stronger Predictor Of Child Hba1c Than Diabetes Device Use In School-Age Children With Type 1 Diabetes., Susana R. Patton, Nicole Kahhan, Jessica S. Pierce, Matthew Benson, Larry A. Fox, Mark A. Clements

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

INTRODUCTION: Diabetes distress (DD) describes the unrelenting emotional and behavioral challenges of living with, and caring for someone living with, type 1 diabetes (T1D). We investigated associations between parent-reported and child-reported DD, T1D device use, and child glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) in 157 families of school-age children.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Parents completed the Parent Problem Areas in Diabetes-Child (PPAID-C) and children completed the Problem Areas in Diabetes-Child (PAID-C) to assess for DD levels. Parents also completed a demographic form where they reported current insulin pump or continuous glucose monitor (CGM) use (ie, user/non-user). We measured child HbA1c using a valid …


Pharmacology Training Of Counselors, Jessica Fanguy Cortez, Chris Rachal Aug 2023

Pharmacology Training Of Counselors, Jessica Fanguy Cortez, Chris Rachal

Louisiana Journal of Counseling

As the use of psychotropic medications to treat mental illness increases across the lifespan, the need for psychopharmacology training for counselors intensifies. Research by Sepulveda (2011) concluded that counselor educators are not overwhelmingly supportive of including a psychopharmacology course in CACREP–approved school counselor curricula. Expanding on Sepulveda’s (2011) work, our findings indicate that most CACREP-approved counseling programs do not offer psychological or psychopharmacology courses. Most program directors favor such courses in their programs, and agree that licensed counselors are routinely confronted with medication issues in professional settings. But despite the fact that most programs lack training in psychopharmacology, directors believe …


Educating Counselors-In-Training To Work With Parents Of Minors, Krystal M. Vaughn, Erin M. Dugan, Kellie G. Camelford Aug 2023

Educating Counselors-In-Training To Work With Parents Of Minors, Krystal M. Vaughn, Erin M. Dugan, Kellie G. Camelford

Louisiana Journal of Counseling

Counselor education programs offer numerous opportunities for students to receive the necessary knowledge, skills, and experiences to become professional counselors. However, due to limited time, there are areas in the program that are not covered in-depth for various reasons. One such area where students may lack educational or clinical training is in the preparation of working with minors, and more specifically, the treatment of minors surrounding parental consultation practice patterns. The purpose of this article is to define parent consultation, review ethical and legal considerations when working with minors, and to provide counselor educators considerations to utilize when preparing counselors-in-training …