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2017

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Articles 1 - 30 of 9584

Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Mems Fabrication Of A Peristaltic Pump, Nicholas Amendola Dec 2017

Mems Fabrication Of A Peristaltic Pump, Nicholas Amendola

Journal of the Microelectronic Engineering Conference

No abstract provided.


Automated Droplet Manipulation Through Electrowetting On Dielectric For Solid-Phase Oligonucleotide Synthesis, Hee Tae An Dec 2017

Automated Droplet Manipulation Through Electrowetting On Dielectric For Solid-Phase Oligonucleotide Synthesis, Hee Tae An

Journal of the Microelectronic Engineering Conference

No abstract provided.


Evaluating The Impact Of Adopting 3d Printing Services On The Retailers, Sharareh Rajaei Dehkordi Dec 2017

Evaluating The Impact Of Adopting 3d Printing Services On The Retailers, Sharareh Rajaei Dehkordi

Dissertations

As additive manufacturing technology becomes more responsive to consumers’ demand, one important question for the retailers is whether they should provide 3D printing services in their brick-and-mortar store in addition to the traditional off-the-shelf product? If so, what should be the retailers pricing scheme to achieve a higher profit? What should be the optimal inventory level of off-the-shelf products? What is the optimal capacity of 3D printers? In this study, stochastic models are examined to capture the joint optimal 3D product price and capacity of 3D printers to maximize retailer’s expected profit while considering consumer product choices. Moreover, a stochastic …


16-11 Microsimulation Of The Impact Of Access Management Practices To Pedestrians, Deo Chimba, Kevin Soloka Dec 2017

16-11 Microsimulation Of The Impact Of Access Management Practices To Pedestrians, Deo Chimba, Kevin Soloka

Transportation Research Center Reports

The study applied microsimulation to analyze the impact of access management (AM) to the operational performances of vehicles and pedestrians. A conceptual model was developed in VISSIM and VISWALK to examine the effect of access and signals density on different median types to the travel speed, travel time, delay and stopping. Access density, signal density, and presence of median were simulated in a scenario base analysis. The model scenarios shifted through changing both access density and signal density with no median, raised median and TWLT lane to provide interactions of arterial corridors in Nashville. The effect of access density on …


16-02 Enhancing Non-Motorized Mobility Within Construction Zones, Upul Attanayake, Abul Fazal Mazumder, Wjdan Dhaif Sahi Sahi, Mathew Mueller, Dustin Black Dec 2017

16-02 Enhancing Non-Motorized Mobility Within Construction Zones, Upul Attanayake, Abul Fazal Mazumder, Wjdan Dhaif Sahi Sahi, Mathew Mueller, Dustin Black

Transportation Research Center Reports

Acquisition of lanes and sidewalks for construction activities increases congestion and delays and compromises safety. Further, work zones impair access to local businesses, bus stops, nearby facilities, etc., while hindering mobility of pedestrians, cyclists, and emergency responders. The emphasis on non-motorized mobility varies significantly when temporary traffic control management plans are developed for small cities. Due to lack of specific instructions given to contractors and the potential liability issues, contractors tend to completely close access to non-motorized traffic without providing alternate routes or detours. Instead of using a detour, pedestrians and cyclists tend to pass through the construction zone or …


Development Of Economic Water Usage Sensor And Cyber-Physical Systems Co-Simulation Platform For Home Energy Saving, Joe Singer Dec 2017

Development Of Economic Water Usage Sensor And Cyber-Physical Systems Co-Simulation Platform For Home Energy Saving, Joe Singer

Mechanical Engineering Master's Theses

In this thesis, two Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) approaches were considered to reduce residential building energy consumption. First, a flow sensor was developed for residential gas and electric storage water heaters. The sensor utilizes unique temperature changes of tank inlet and outlet pipes upon water draw to provide occupant hot water usage. Post processing of measured pipe temperature data was able to detect water draw events. Conservation of energy was applied to heater pipes to determine relative internal water flow rate based on transient temperature measurements. Correlations between calculated flow and actual flow were significant at a 95% confidence level. Using …


Comparative Analysis Of The Dissolution Performance Of Aspirin Tablets In The Usp Apparatus 2 And In A Minivessel Dissolution System, Annmarie C. Walker Dec 2017

Comparative Analysis Of The Dissolution Performance Of Aspirin Tablets In The Usp Apparatus 2 And In A Minivessel Dissolution System, Annmarie C. Walker

Theses

Dissolution testing is a critical component of quality control procedures in the pharmaceutical industry in order to ensure that the final solid dosage forms have consistent dissolution properties. Dissolution tests are also routinely conducted to evaluate the in-vitro performance of solid dosage forms during pharmaceutical development, to aid in the behavior of formulations, and to optimize drug release from dosage forms.

The use of compendial dissolution test apparatus and techniques, such as the USP 2 (Paddle), to characterize the dissolution performance of oral drug delivery system is an established area of pharmaceutical science. However, this method is not always appropriate, …


Electrical Properties Of Metal/Wse2structures, Zeel Rajiv Gandhi Dec 2017

Electrical Properties Of Metal/Wse2structures, Zeel Rajiv Gandhi

Theses

The formation of low resistance metal contacts on two-Dimensional layer (2-D) of WSe2 is a big challenge. In this research, a comparative study is presented on the electrical properties of metal/WSe2 Schottky barrier diodes with various metals such as Au, In, Al, and Ga in the temperature range of 80K to 400K well within the domain of thermionic emission theory.

Topics covered here include the factors that determine the Schottky barrier height, the device capacitance, and its current-voltage (I-V) characteristics. I-V curves for different metals on WSe2 are analyzed as function of temperature. Barrier height is determined from Au-nWSe2 Schottky …


Trainer Pid Controller Sebagai Media Pembelajaran Praktik Sistem Kendali, Eko Marpanaji Dec 2017

Trainer Pid Controller Sebagai Media Pembelajaran Praktik Sistem Kendali, Eko Marpanaji

Elinvo (Electronics, Informatics, and Vocational Education)

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengembangkan trainer PID controller dan menilai kelayakan trainer PID Controller. Trainer yang dikembangkan menggunakan aplikasi PID controller yaitu pengendali dual brushless. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian R&D yang berorientasi produk berupa trainer dan modul pendamping. Setelah produk mendapat validasi dari ahli melalui uji alfa dan uji beta maka produk dievaluasi pada implementasi sesungguhnya. Pengembangan media merujuk pada model Lee & Owens. Penelitian ini menggunakan model pengembangan yang meliputi analisis, desain, implementasi dan evaluasi, dimana letak evaluasi dan revisi terletak pada tiap tahapan. Evaluasi dilakukan oleh ahli materi, ahli media dan pengguna. Pengambilan data menggunakan angket yang …


The Design And Implementation Of An Educational Multimedia Interactive Operation System Using Lectora Inspire, Setya Chendra Wibawa Dec 2017

The Design And Implementation Of An Educational Multimedia Interactive Operation System Using Lectora Inspire, Setya Chendra Wibawa

Elinvo (Electronics, Informatics, and Vocational Education)

The objective this research to produce a valid interactive learning tool and practice based on learning media Lectora Inspire; knowing the student response against the learning tool, and knowing the student learning outcomes after using Lectora inspire learning media. Research and development of the research method using ADDIE model. Research with the learning media to be tested against the 32 student X level of Vocational High School and the subject is operation system. Research analysis results obtained through student response and question form reserved post-test. Validation of results obtained through validation by the validator which consists of one lecturer of …


Rancang Bangun Alat Deteksi Suara Paru-Paru Untuk Menganalisa Kelainan Paru-Paru Berbasis Android, Dodik Kurniawan Dec 2017

Rancang Bangun Alat Deteksi Suara Paru-Paru Untuk Menganalisa Kelainan Paru-Paru Berbasis Android, Dodik Kurniawan

Elinvo (Electronics, Informatics, and Vocational Education)

Sistem rancang bangun alat deketsi suara paru-paru berbasis android merupakan pengembangan dari teknik auskultasi yang didukung dengan tampilan sinyal di android untuk mempermudah dokter dalam menganalisa kelainan paru-paru pasien. Perancangan alat terdiri dari stetoskop sebagai pendeteksian awal, kemudian dikuatkan dengan rangkaian pre-amp mic-condenser, low pass filter, high pass filter, notch filter dan output dari ragkaian berkomunikasi serial antar bluetooth untuk menampilkan signal dalam smartphone. Dari hasil pengujian alat deteksi suara paru-paru, untuk rangkaian low pass filter orde 4 frekuensi cutoff 1000 Hz terjadi pemotongan pada frekuensi 900 Hz yaitu (0,56667±0,01155), rangkaian high pass filter orde 4 frekuensi cutoff …


Sistem Tekanan Mekanik Berbasis Mikrokontroler At-Mega 16 Untuk Pembuatan Kerupuk Pelompong Guna Menunjang Produksi Home Industry Barokah Di Tuban Jawa Timur, Adibatul Ardianto Dec 2017

Sistem Tekanan Mekanik Berbasis Mikrokontroler At-Mega 16 Untuk Pembuatan Kerupuk Pelompong Guna Menunjang Produksi Home Industry Barokah Di Tuban Jawa Timur, Adibatul Ardianto

Elinvo (Electronics, Informatics, and Vocational Education)

Tujuan pembuatan alat ini adalah untuk mendapatkan rancang bangun hardware, program perangkat lunak dan unjuk kerja Sistem tekanan mekanik berbasis mikrokontroler AT-Mega 16 untuk pembuat kerupuk pelompong guna menunjang proses produksi home Industry Barokah di Tuban Jawa Timur.Pembuatan sistem tekanan mekanik berbasis mikrokontroler AT-Mega 16 terdiri dari beberapa tahapan yaitu identifikasi kebutuhan, analisa kebutuhan, blok diagram sistem, perancangan sistem, langkah pembuatan alat, diagram alir program, pengujian alat dan pengambilan data. Pembuatan frame menggunakan besi jenis tabung, siku dan kanal C. Alat ini menggunakan komponen sistem minimum Atmega16, driver motor BTS7960 sebagai pengatur putaran dan kecepatan motor, dongkrak mekanik yang sudah …


Carbon Fiber Electrodes For In Vivo Neural Recording, Esma Cetinkaya Dec 2017

Carbon Fiber Electrodes For In Vivo Neural Recording, Esma Cetinkaya

Theses

Multi-channel micro electrodes for neural recording is a growing field that thrives on novel materials and fabrication techniques offered by micro fabrication technology. The material and the design of microelectrodes have a critical role on the quality of neural signals recorded. The neural signals collected by chronic implantation of these devices in experimental animals reveal new information about the brain functions and guide the development of new diagnostic and treatment options for neurological disorders.

Ideally, a microelectrode should meet two important criteria: longevity after implantation and minimal tissue insult. Carbon fibers` high tensile strength and flexibility allow fabrication of micro-scale …


Formulation Of Uv Curable Resins Utilized In Vat Photo Polymerization For The Additive Manufacturing Of Gun Propulsion Charge In 3d Printers, David T. Bird Dec 2017

Formulation Of Uv Curable Resins Utilized In Vat Photo Polymerization For The Additive Manufacturing Of Gun Propulsion Charge In 3d Printers, David T. Bird

Theses

Formulating resins for Additive Manufacturing (AM), utilizing UV laser stereolithography, is a new technique that makes it possible for the fabrication of complex geometries with high dimensional resolution. This layer by layer photopolymerization approach spans various industrial sectors from adhesives, inks and optical fibers to nanotechnology and biomaterials. UV curable resins such as epoxides, vinyl ethers and other acrylates are important monomers that offer effective mediums for energetic materials, and the potential exists to develop environmentally friendly formulations with suspended energetic materials at various solids loading levels.

Developing techniques for UV curing formulations of highly loaded energetic suspensions is a …


Computational And Experimental Determination Of The Mixing Efficiency Of A Microfluidic Serpentine Micromixer, Siril Arockiam Dec 2017

Computational And Experimental Determination Of The Mixing Efficiency Of A Microfluidic Serpentine Micromixer, Siril Arockiam

Theses

In microfluidics, efficiency and mixing time are the greatest disadvantages. These parameters hinder the application of microfluidic devices for biochemical and immunological assays. However, once these disadvantages have been overcome by optimizing the parameters of the microfluidic device, it becomes the important analytical tool. In this experiment, various designs of microfluidic devices have been both simulated using COMSOL software, and experimentally verified to obtain the optimized parameter such as depth and velocity for better mixing efficiency. The COMSOL model has been validated by comparing the results with fluorescent images data of the experiment. The microfluidic device is built with Adhesive …


General Design Procedure For Free And Open-Source Hardware For Scientific Equipment, Shane W. Oberloier, Joshua M. Pearce Dec 2017

General Design Procedure For Free And Open-Source Hardware For Scientific Equipment, Shane W. Oberloier, Joshua M. Pearce

Department of Materials Science and Engineering Publications

Distributed digital manufacturing of free and open-source scientific hardware (FOSH) used for scientific experiments has been shown to in general reduce the costs of scientific hardware by 90–99%. In part due to these cost savings, the manufacturing of scientific equipment is beginning to move away from a central paradigm of purchasing proprietary equipment to one in which scientists themselves download open-source designs, fabricate components with digital manufacturing technology, and then assemble the equipment themselves. This trend introduces a need for new formal design procedures that designers can follow when targeting this scientific audience. This study provides five steps in the …


Integrated Assessment Of Shallow-Aquifer Vulnerability To Multiple Contaminants And Drinking-Water Exposure Pathways In Holliston, Massachusetts, Birgit Claus Henn, Yelena Ogneva-Himmelberger, Allegra Denehy, Marcie Randall, Nichole Cordon, Bilin Basu, Brian Caccavale, Stefanie Covino, Ravi Hanumantha, Kevin Longo, Ariel Maiorano, Spring Pillsbury, Gabrielle Rigutto, Kelsey Shields, Marianne Sarkis, Timothy Downs Dec 2017

Integrated Assessment Of Shallow-Aquifer Vulnerability To Multiple Contaminants And Drinking-Water Exposure Pathways In Holliston, Massachusetts, Birgit Claus Henn, Yelena Ogneva-Himmelberger, Allegra Denehy, Marcie Randall, Nichole Cordon, Bilin Basu, Brian Caccavale, Stefanie Covino, Ravi Hanumantha, Kevin Longo, Ariel Maiorano, Spring Pillsbury, Gabrielle Rigutto, Kelsey Shields, Marianne Sarkis, Timothy Downs

Sustainability and Social Justice

Half of U.S. drinking water comes from aquifers, and very shallow ones (table) are especially vulnerable to anthropogenic contamination. We present the case of Holliston, a Boston, Massachusetts suburb that draws its drinking water from very shallow aquifers, and where metals and solvents have been reported in groundwater. Community concerns focus on water discolored by naturally occurring manganese (Mn), despite reports stating regulatory aesthetic compliance. Epidemiologic studies suggest Mn is a potentially toxic element (PTE) for children exposed by the drinking-water pathway at levels near the regulatory aesthetic level. We designed an integrated, community-based project: five sites were profiled for …


Monitoring Of Corrosion Process In Structural Adhesive Using Smart Materials, Yee Yan Lim, Iman Izadgoshasb, Scott T. Smith Dec 2017

Monitoring Of Corrosion Process In Structural Adhesive Using Smart Materials, Yee Yan Lim, Iman Izadgoshasb, Scott T. Smith

Dr Iman Izadgoshasb

The use of structural adhesives, such as epoxy, for the strengthening and repair of civil infrastructure is gaining popularity in the engineering community. Of particular concern to the viability of intervention measure is the degradation of strength and durability of the epoxy over time, especially when exposed to aggressive environments. Monitoring the corrosion process of epoxy is thus essential to ensure safety of the host structure. In this paper, the electromechanical impedance (EMI) technique that employs a smart piezoelectric transducer is used to monitor the degradation process of commercially available epoxy when exposed to corrosive environments. Standard epoxy coupons with …


Preparation Of Nis2 Nanosheet And Its Application In Asymmetric Supercapacitor, Yuan-You Wang, Ya-Nan Liu, Dang-Qin Jin Dec 2017

Preparation Of Nis2 Nanosheet And Its Application In Asymmetric Supercapacitor, Yuan-You Wang, Ya-Nan Liu, Dang-Qin Jin

Journal of Electrochemistry

In this work, the NiS2 nanosheets have been synthesized using Ni(OH)2 as a precursor through a sacrificial template method. The microstructure and chemical composition of as-prepared NiS2 were characterized by XRD, EDS, BET, SEM and TEM techniques. The results showed that both Ni(OH)2 and NiS2 were composed of nanoplates. The electrochemical tests revealed that NiS2 exhibited the high specific capacitance of 1067.3 F•g-1 at a current density of 1 A•g-1 and excellent rate performance. Furthermore, in order to evaluate the practical application of NiS2, an asymmetric supercapacitor, NiS2 as …


Effect Of Peg-Coating On Properties Of Lithium-Sulfur Battery Cathode Material Containing Carbon Fiber Conductive Agent, Jie-Cheng Tan, Yan-Hong Tian, Xue-Jun Zhang, Kai-Le Fan Dec 2017

Effect Of Peg-Coating On Properties Of Lithium-Sulfur Battery Cathode Material Containing Carbon Fiber Conductive Agent, Jie-Cheng Tan, Yan-Hong Tian, Xue-Jun Zhang, Kai-Le Fan

Journal of Electrochemistry

The composite materials contained high modulus carbon fiber (HMCF) were successfully prepared by employing a ball-milling process based on the coating treatment of polyethylene glycol (PEG), and their structures and morphologies were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) techniques.The influences of PEG content on sulfur cathode capacity, cycle stability and rate performance were systematically studied. It was found that by the pre-coating of PEG, the cathode exhibited the high initial discharge specific capacity of 1312.5 mAh•g-1 at a current rate of 0.2C, and the reversible discharge capacity of 650 mAh•g …


Cobalt-Based Nitrogen-Doped Carbon Non-Noble Metal Catalysts For Oxygen Reduction Reaction, Meng-Xiu Jiang, Jing Zhang, Yue-Hua Li, Rong Zhang Dec 2017

Cobalt-Based Nitrogen-Doped Carbon Non-Noble Metal Catalysts For Oxygen Reduction Reaction, Meng-Xiu Jiang, Jing Zhang, Yue-Hua Li, Rong Zhang

Journal of Electrochemistry

Transition metal-nitrogen co-doped carbon catalysts have attracted significant attention because of their reasonable activity and remarkable selectivity toward oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) as cathodic reaction in fuel cells. However, the role of transition metal in the active sites of the catalysts still is uncertain. In this work, the Cox-Ny/C-T catalysts were prepared with BP2000 as a carbon source, urea (Ur) as a nitrogen source and Co(OAc)2•4H2O as a metal precursor by a simple chemical method. Meanwhile, in order to optimize the ORR activity, the catalysts were synthesized with different amounts of Co …


Core-Shell Pd@Pt Ultrathin Nanowires As Durable Oxygen Reduction Electrocatalysts, Xin Wang, Yun-Jie Xiong, Liang-Liang Zou, Qing-Hong Huang, Zhi-Qing Zou, Hui Yang Dec 2017

Core-Shell Pd@Pt Ultrathin Nanowires As Durable Oxygen Reduction Electrocatalysts, Xin Wang, Yun-Jie Xiong, Liang-Liang Zou, Qing-Hong Huang, Zhi-Qing Zou, Hui Yang

Journal of Electrochemistry

This paper describes a simple CO-assisted reduction approach for the controllable synthesis of ultrathin Pd nanowires along the one-dimensional (1D) direction. Ultrathin Pt films from one to several atomic layers were successfully decorated onto ultrathin Pd nanowires by utilizing Cu UPD deposition, and followed by in-situ redox replacement reaction of UPD Cu by Pt. The core–shell structure and composition of the Pd@Pt ultrathin nanowires have been verified using transmission electron microscopy and energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry. The core–shell Pd@Pt ultrathin nanowires exhibited comparative electrocatalytic activity and improved durability for the oxygen reduction reaction in comparison with commercial Pt black. The …


Effect Of Calcium On Atmospheric Corrosion Resistance Of Bridge Steel, Dong-Liang Li, Gui-Qin Fu, Miao-Yong Zhu Dec 2017

Effect Of Calcium On Atmospheric Corrosion Resistance Of Bridge Steel, Dong-Liang Li, Gui-Qin Fu, Miao-Yong Zhu

Journal of Electrochemistry

The corrosion behavior of bridge steel in simulated hot and humid industrial-marine atmosphere was investigated by mass loss analysis, XRD, SEM, electrochemical methods and a wet/dry alternate immersion corrosion test using 0.1 mol•L-1 NaCl+0.01 mol•L-1 NaHSO3 solutions. The corrosion depth (W) of experimental steels before and after calcium treatment versus time (t) curves showed a good agreement with the power function of W=Atn. The corrosion products were mainly composed of amorphous phase and a small amount of crystals including α-FeOOH, β-FeOOH, γ-FeOOH and Fe3O4. Trace calcium could promote the formation of …


Kinetics And Mechanism Toward Electrochemical Reductions Of Sodium Bromide And Methanol Over Iron Electrodes, Qun Liao, Shu-Feng Zhang, Wen-Hua Leng Dec 2017

Kinetics And Mechanism Toward Electrochemical Reductions Of Sodium Bromide And Methanol Over Iron Electrodes, Qun Liao, Shu-Feng Zhang, Wen-Hua Leng

Journal of Electrochemistry

It is of technological value and scientific interest to the electro-synthesis of ferrocene, conversion of carbon dioxide (CO2) and organic electro-synthesis in non-aqueous solutions by investigating the kinetics and mechanism toward electrochemical reductions of sodium bromide (NaBr) and methanol over iron electrodes. However, few reports in the related researches are available. In this article, the kinetics and mechanism toward electrochemical reductions of NaBr and methanol over iron electrodes were examined in detail by carrying out the polarization curve and electrochemical impedance spectroscopic measurements. The results showed that methanol was the reactant, while Na+ ions were functioned only …


Engineering The Electrochemical Capacitive Properties Of Activated Carbon By Correct Selection Of Ionic-Liquid Electrolytes, Qiu-Hong Zhang, Bao-Shou Shen, Song-Lin Zuo, Xin-Yu Wei Dec 2017

Engineering The Electrochemical Capacitive Properties Of Activated Carbon By Correct Selection Of Ionic-Liquid Electrolytes, Qiu-Hong Zhang, Bao-Shou Shen, Song-Lin Zuo, Xin-Yu Wei

Journal of Electrochemistry

In order to improve the electrochemical capacitive properties and to apply coconut shell activated carbon (AC) serving as electrode materials in ionic liquid (IL)-based supercapacitor (SC), the coconut shell AC material was re-activated using a steam as an activating agent in this work, forming a secondary AC (W-AC). The results showed that the specific capacitance of the W-AC electrode was much larger than that of the raw activated carbon electrode (R-AC) in 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate ([EMIM]BF4). The electrochemical techniques including cyclic voltammetry (CV), galvanostatic charge/discharge (GCD) measurement, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) were used to systematically study the capacitive …


Capacity Fading Analyses Of Lini 0.5Co 0.2Mn 0.3O2And Lini 0.5Co 0.2Mn 0.3O2/Lifepo4 Cathode Materials For Lithium-Ion Battery, Yi Hu, Xiang-Zhu He, Zhong-De Deng, Ling-Yong Kong, Wei-Li Shang Dec 2017

Capacity Fading Analyses Of Lini 0.5Co 0.2Mn 0.3O2And Lini 0.5Co 0.2Mn 0.3O2/Lifepo4 Cathode Materials For Lithium-Ion Battery, Yi Hu, Xiang-Zhu He, Zhong-De Deng, Ling-Yong Kong, Wei-Li Shang

Journal of Electrochemistry

The LiNi 0.5Co 0.2Mn 0.3O2/LiFePO4 (NMC532/LFP) composite cathode material for lithium-ion battery was prepared by wet ball-milling. The capacity fading behaviors of LiNi 0.5Co 0.2Mn 0.3O2 (NMC532) and LiNi 0.5Co 0.2Mn 0.3O2/LiFePO4 (NMC532/LFP) were analyzed by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), charge/discharge and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) tests. The results indicated that the capacity retention values of NMC532/LFP were 97.80% and 86.48%, respectively, after 50 cycles and 60℃ high temperature storage. The NMC532/LFP exhibited better cycle performance and high temperature storage performance. …


Applications Of N-Methyl-N-Butyl-Pyrrolidinium Bromide And N-Methyl-N-Ethyl-Pyrrolidinium Bromide In Zn-Br Flow Batteries, Zhang Qi, Miao-Miao Zhang, Meng Lin Dec 2017

Applications Of N-Methyl-N-Butyl-Pyrrolidinium Bromide And N-Methyl-N-Ethyl-Pyrrolidinium Bromide In Zn-Br Flow Batteries, Zhang Qi, Miao-Miao Zhang, Meng Lin

Journal of Electrochemistry

It is extremely important for battery performance and safety in Zn-Br flow battery to use quaternary ammonium salts as complex agents for bromine. In this work, the effects of electrolyte compositions and concentrations on the electrode reactions and battery performances were studied in the absence and presences of N-methyl-N-ethyl-pyrrolidinium bromide (MEP) or N-methyl-N-butyl-pyrrolidinium bromide (MBP). The conductivities in the electrolytes containing different constitutions and concentrations were measured by EIS method. The charge-discharge performance for the battery and the complex ability for bromine in different electrolytes were also investigated. The results showed that the electrolyte containing MBP was better than that …


Electroactivities Of Pd/Fe3O4-C Catalysts For Electro-Oxidation Of Methanol, Ethanol And Propanol, Tao Zou, Qing-Feng Yi, Yuan-Yuan Zhang, Xiao-Ping Liu, Guo-Rong Xu, Hui-Dong Nie, Xiu-Lin Zhou Dec 2017

Electroactivities Of Pd/Fe3O4-C Catalysts For Electro-Oxidation Of Methanol, Ethanol And Propanol, Tao Zou, Qing-Feng Yi, Yuan-Yuan Zhang, Xiao-Ping Liu, Guo-Rong Xu, Hui-Dong Nie, Xiu-Lin Zhou

Journal of Electrochemistry

Development of palladium (Pd) catalysts with high electroactivity for alcohol oxidation is significant for alcohol fuel cells. In this work, Pd nanoparticles were formed by sodium borohydride (NaBH4) reduction method and subsequently deposited on the surface of carbon supported ferriferrous oxide (Fe3O4/C) composites to obtain the Pd/Fe3O4-C catalysts with different Fe3O4 loadings. Their transmission electron microscopic (TEM) images show that the Pd nanoparticles were uniformly dispersed on the Fe3O4/C. Electroactivities of the prepared Pd/Fe3O4-C catalysts toward oxidations of C1-C3 …


Effect Of Allyl Thiourea On Nickel Electrodeposition From Solution Containing Ammonia And Chloride, Ya-Ning He, Liang Yuan, Zhi-Ying Ding, Shi-Jun Liu Dec 2017

Effect Of Allyl Thiourea On Nickel Electrodeposition From Solution Containing Ammonia And Chloride, Ya-Ning He, Liang Yuan, Zhi-Ying Ding, Shi-Jun Liu

Journal of Electrochemistry

The effects of allylthiourea (ATU) concentration on the cathodic polarization behaviour, nucleation and surface morphology of nickel electrodeposited on the glassy carbon electrode from ammonia-ammonium chloride-water (NH3-NH4Cl-H2O) solutions were investigated by cyclic voltammogry, cathodic polarization and current transient methods. The results revealed that the addition of ATU inhibited nickel deposition, which was enhanced with an increase in ATU concentration from 5 to 50 mg•L-1. The initial deposition kinetics corresponded to a model including instantaneous nucleation and diffusion controlled growth. In the presence of ATU, the initial nucleation of nickel electrocrystallisation remained unchanged. …


Effect Of Fe2+/Fe3+Interconvertion On Reduction Behavior Of Fe3+ In Acidic Electrolytes, Jian-Xin Qin, Feng Lin, Wen-Ping Liu, Chao Chen, Meng-De Ren Dec 2017

Effect Of Fe2+/Fe3+Interconvertion On Reduction Behavior Of Fe3+ In Acidic Electrolytes, Jian-Xin Qin, Feng Lin, Wen-Ping Liu, Chao Chen, Meng-De Ren

Journal of Electrochemistry

The influences of ferrous/ferric (Fe2+/Fe3+) interconvertion on electrochemical reduction and electrode reaction of Fe3+ were investigated by using linear sweep voltammetry, potentiostatic method and cyclic voltammetry (CV) in acidic electrolytes containing chloride ion (Cl- ) and sulfate ion (SO42-). It was shown that the reduction process of Fe3+/Fe2+ would take place in two independent stages: (1) the reduction of Fe3+ to Fe2+ at E=0.35V and (2) the co-precipitation of Fe2+ by forming Fe(OH)2 (E≤-0.3 V) instead of Fe. The major effect of Fe2+ …