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Teacher Education and Professional Development

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Full-Text Articles in Early Childhood Education

Using Avatars To Address Teacher Self-Efficacy, Chancey Bosch, Trevor Ellis Jun 2021

Using Avatars To Address Teacher Self-Efficacy, Chancey Bosch, Trevor Ellis

Journal of Global Education and Research

Technology-enhanced learning continues to provide opportunities for increased interventions in educational programing. For teacher education programs, novelty pales in comparison to providing meaningful instruction and enduring outcomes. The use of avatars has provided integration of research evidence that increases intended behaviors; however, research is lacking on teacher self-efficacy change via an avatar experience. The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between teacher self-efficacy and avatar use in a teacher education program. A relational study using both parametric and non-parametric designs for four different samples indicated a significant relationship between avatar intervention and teacher self-efficacy in classroom management ...


Creating Trauma Sensitive Classroom In The Early Childhood Setting, Janelle Elke Dec 2020

Creating Trauma Sensitive Classroom In The Early Childhood Setting, Janelle Elke

Dissertations, Theses, and Projects

The purpose of this study is to ensure that our early childhood classrooms are trauma sensitive for our students that have been exposed or are experiencing trauma. Roughly 26 percent of children in the United States witness or experience a trauma before the age of 4( Briggs- Gowan et al.2010). The study was conducted in three different phases. In the first phase, data was collected on what strategies are presently implemented for students who have been exposed to trauma. In the second phase, strategies, techniques and tools were introduced to help during stressful situations that happened during class. In ...


The Relationship Among Children Born With A Congenital Heart Defect, Effects Of General Anesthesia, And Special Academic Needs, Lorilynn Bowie Sep 2020

The Relationship Among Children Born With A Congenital Heart Defect, Effects Of General Anesthesia, And Special Academic Needs, Lorilynn Bowie

Dissertations

Abstract

I initiated this study due to experience in the public education system in one state in the United States. I noted a lack of understanding among educators on how to meet the educational needs of children born with a congenital heart defect (CHD) who had undergone general anesthesia related to their CHD. A lack of communication between the medical sector and the educational world led to extensive delays in children receiving the educational support they needed to be successful academically. There were two primary exploratory questions that drove my study: 1.) Is there a relationship between children born with ...


Who Will Care For The Early Care And Education Workforce? Covid-19 And The Need To Support Early Childhood Educators’ Emotional Well-Being, Mark Nagasawa, Kate Tarrant Jul 2020

Who Will Care For The Early Care And Education Workforce? Covid-19 And The Need To Support Early Childhood Educators’ Emotional Well-Being, Mark Nagasawa, Kate Tarrant

Straus Center for Young Children & Families

This brief report describes issues and opportunities related to early childhood educators' emotional well-being that emerged from a survey exploring how the COVID-19 was affecting early educators across New York City and New York State (n=3355). We argue, given the impacts that teachers reported and the scale of the pandemic, that a trauma-informed systems perspective is needed in order to support early childhood educators.


Evaluating The Perceptions Of Preschool Teachers And Administrators On Mental Health Services In The School Setting, Celia Tavarez Jun 2020

Evaluating The Perceptions Of Preschool Teachers And Administrators On Mental Health Services In The School Setting, Celia Tavarez

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

Mental health can impact a child’s success in many aspects, including in the school setting. School settings are very often the only place that provide an opportunity for families to be able to receive mental health services for their children. It is imperative that schools meet the mental health needs of the children who attend their schools. This research project examines data and information gathered from educators and school administrators to help us understand their experiences, successes, and/or displeasure about the services that are offered or not offered within the agency they work for. The literature review discusses ...


Assisting Children With Velocardiofacial Syndrome Who Have Developmental Disabilities And Delays Associated With Speech, Communication, And Education, Mckenzie K. Holty May 2020

Assisting Children With Velocardiofacial Syndrome Who Have Developmental Disabilities And Delays Associated With Speech, Communication, And Education, Mckenzie K. Holty

Honors Thesis

Children with velocardiofacial syndrome (VCFS) have a variety of complex needs. Research shows that VCFS is characterized by a combination of medical problems, developmental delays, and learning disabilities, which vary from child to child. This syndrome also puts adolescents at a higher risk for developing psychiatric and psychotic disorders. The complexity of symptoms that can arise from VCFS can influence the ability of these children to communicate, socialize, and learn effectively. This literature review aims to discuss literature for caregivers, educators, and physicians to aid children effectively and understand their challenges relating to speech, communication, and education. This topic is ...


Art Therapy In Public Education, Sophie Edelman May 2020

Art Therapy In Public Education, Sophie Edelman

Expressive Therapies Capstone Theses

This literature review explores the history of art therapy in education. By understanding the history it is clear that art therapy has always been a positive force for students. By learning from the successes and challenges in our history we are better able to plan for future programing and expansion of art therapy programs. Because art therapy was developed in part by educators, the history of art therapy itself is linked with the history of art therapy in schools. In today’s application of art therapy in education there are three models most typically used. The research discusses the strengths ...


Using Teach Me To Talk Interventions To Improve Language In Children Birth- Three Years Old, Hannah Hendry May 2020

Using Teach Me To Talk Interventions To Improve Language In Children Birth- Three Years Old, Hannah Hendry

Dissertations, Theses, and Projects

The propose of the study was to determine the effectiveness of using Teach Me to Talk strategies from Speech Pathologist Laura Mize, with children from the birth to three-year-old early intervention program. The study looked at children who have communication needs based on qualifying scores after completing a special education evaluation and the use of specific interventions to increase their language. The researcher wanted to determine students’ improvement with their communication goals and how parent involvement supports their learning. The study was originally structured around weekly home visits that were ongoing since the child qualified for special education services. Parents ...


Math Talks: Focusing On Student Thought In A Second-Grade Classroom, Jessica Parsons May 2020

Math Talks: Focusing On Student Thought In A Second-Grade Classroom, Jessica Parsons

Masters of Education in Teaching and Learning

Math metacognition is on the rise. There is an increase in focusing student thought on the process of computation and problem solving. This study examined what happened when math talks were conducted in a general education second-grade classroom and if students’ perceptions of math changed after they participated in math talks. The researcher’s purpose was to more fully understand students’ thoughts related to math. The data was collected through student interviews, student surveys, and researcher observational field notes. Then, the data was analyzed through coding using the constant comparative method and frequency counts. The main themes to emerge from ...


About The Authors May 2020

About The Authors

Georgia Journal of Literacy

Read this to learn more about this issue's authors.


Letter From The Editor May 2020

Letter From The Editor

Georgia Journal of Literacy

A Letter from the Editor


Time Will Tell: Redeeming The Hours Given To Us, Danielle Huver Apr 2020

Time Will Tell: Redeeming The Hours Given To Us, Danielle Huver

Senior Scholars Day

The purpose of this study was to understand the subject of time management and its effects on my personal and professional interactions, specifically as a teacher. A developmental portfolio, student surveys of fourth graders in a lower economic status elementary school, and teacher feedback aligned with the Pennsylvania Department of Education were collectively used to measure the outcomes of time expenditure and teaching practice. Findings showed that time management, teaching practice, and student performance were significantly related. Expressly, prioritization, planning in advance, faith-based community, rest, and reflective practice were major factors demonstrative of an effective educator.


Play-Based Learning In The Classroom, Jenna Clark Apr 2020

Play-Based Learning In The Classroom, Jenna Clark

Senior Scholars Day

The purpose of this study was to observe the effects that play-based instruction and learning activities have on the classroom, and more specifically, my own teaching practices. This self study used qualitative methods to gather data. Predominantly, a developmental portfolio was used to record observational notes and for daily reflections. Memory work was also used as this study pulled from past experiences with play. Findings showed that play-based learning increased the inclusivity of the general education classroom and levels of student achievement and engagement also increased. The classroom became a positive environment for both the students and teacher, aiding in ...


What’S Next For Literacy Education In Georgia? An Interview With Dr. Caitlin Dooley, Deputy Superintendent, Georgia Department Of Education, Shannon Tovey Howrey Apr 2020

What’S Next For Literacy Education In Georgia? An Interview With Dr. Caitlin Dooley, Deputy Superintendent, Georgia Department Of Education, Shannon Tovey Howrey

Georgia Journal of Literacy

An interview with Dr. Caitlin Dooley


Misunderstanding Child-Centeredness: The Case Of “Child 2.0” And Media Education, Pekka Mertala Apr 2020

Misunderstanding Child-Centeredness: The Case Of “Child 2.0” And Media Education, Pekka Mertala

Journal of Media Literacy Education

This qualitative study demonstrates the kinds of pedagogical pitfalls that are included in simplistic understandings of child-centeredness in the context of media education, an emerging field of early childhood teacher education with only a little empirical research done so far. Course diaries from 15 preservice teachers were analyzed to find answers to the question: How do preservice teachers approach child-centered education in the context of media education? The main findings can be summarized as follows. First, preservice teachers approached child-centeredness as an all-encompassing principle that guides early childhood education. Second, media education-related issues - beliefs about children and media, ambiguity of ...


Eces’ Perceptions On The Role Of Visual Arts In Pre-K Children’S Learning, Mary Naser Apr 2020

Eces’ Perceptions On The Role Of Visual Arts In Pre-K Children’S Learning, Mary Naser

Honours Bachelor of Early Childhood Leadership (HBECL) Capstone Research Posters

Visual arts is one of many arts-related activities in which children participate in the early learning and care environments. Literature finds that early childhood educators who are not familiar with visual arts struggle to provide opportunities for children to engage in a more comprehensive experience.

The purpose of this research is to understand the way educators perceive the role of visual arts in pre-k children’s learning. Through a qualitative method, four early childhood educators share their role in visual arts practice with children and their personal views and experiences relating to the subject in a semi-structured interview. Grounded theory ...


Exploring Pedagogical Leadership In Alberta’S Early Childhood Education And Care, Nancy Thomas Apr 2020

Exploring Pedagogical Leadership In Alberta’S Early Childhood Education And Care, Nancy Thomas

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Early Childhood Education and Care (ECEC) focuses on young children’s early learning and well-being, as mighty learners and citizens. Making curriculum decisions that reflect guiding principles that view children as active, co-constructors of knowledge is challenging work. This way of working requires integrating theoretical and practice-based knowledge in pedagogical processes to create meaningful learning opportunities that reflect children’s everyday experiences and encourages children’s theory building. Pedagogical leaders play a vital role in the pedagogical process by creating transformative shifts in EC practice and curriculum decision making. Now seems to be the moment when views of ECEC leadership ...


Fostering Creative Thinking Skills In Young Children Using Design Thinking Challenges, Tom R. Gannon Apr 2020

Fostering Creative Thinking Skills In Young Children Using Design Thinking Challenges, Tom R. Gannon

Creative Studies Graduate Student Master's Projects

For this master’s project I developed a set of resources (guidebook, videos, and presentation deck) which provide child development professionals with a framework and set of skills to facilitate design thinking challenges (open-ended problem-solving activities based on design thinking’s phases of: creating empathy, problem identification, ideation, prototyping, and idea testing) with preschool age children. The centerpiece of the project is the guide book titled Save the Gingerbread Man: Understanding & Supporting Creative Thinking Skills in Preschoolers. The videos are interviews with preschool age children in a series called From the Experts. The presentation deck incorporates can include the videos ...


The Impact Of Coaching To Support Professional Development In A Preschool Classroom, Katie Olson Apr 2020

The Impact Of Coaching To Support Professional Development In A Preschool Classroom, Katie Olson

Master's Theses & Capstone Projects

The purpose of this action research study was to determine the effect that the combination of coaching and professional development have on teachers’ confidence levels and number of classroom practices carried out compared with teachers who only attend professional development. The participants included six female caucasian teachers who all teach preschool in public elementary schools in southern Iowa. Data was collected through the use of a rating scale and checklist of practices that were completed by the participants prior to and following the intervention. The results of the study indicated that there was not a large enough difference in the ...


Enhancing Early Literacy Subject Matter Knowledge: Using Interval Learning Pedagogy To Develop Content Understandings, Matthew Kierstead Apr 2020

Enhancing Early Literacy Subject Matter Knowledge: Using Interval Learning Pedagogy To Develop Content Understandings, Matthew Kierstead

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

There is a significant body of research that identifies a gap in early literacy content knowledge between the teaching profession and that held by the research community. Shulman’s (1986) PCK framework identifies pedagogical knowledge and content knowledge as the two main headings for teacher professional knowledge. The purpose of this study is to investigate the development of early literacy specialized content knowledge using relative teacher strengths in their pedagogical knowledge with in a conceptual professional development framework called Interval Learning. The study involved four Grade 1 teachers in the pilot phase and eight Kindergarten teachers in the main research ...


A Case Study Exploring The Nature Of How Prekindergarten Teachers’ Mathematics Instruction Decisions Relate To Their Mathematics Pedagogical Content Knowledge, Raleta Summers Dawkins Apr 2020

A Case Study Exploring The Nature Of How Prekindergarten Teachers’ Mathematics Instruction Decisions Relate To Their Mathematics Pedagogical Content Knowledge, Raleta Summers Dawkins

Teaching & Learning Theses & Dissertations

The mathematics knowledge students develop in prekindergarten is key to their ability to make sense of more complex mathematics in the future (C. T. Cross, Woods, & Schweingruber, 2009; Ginsburg, Lee, & Boyd, 2008). Research continues to present evidence that there is a mathematics achievement gap between minoritized students living in lower socioeconomic communities compared to their peers before entering kindergarten (Arnold, Fisher, Doctroff, & Dobbs, 2002; Duncan et al., 2007; Sonnenschein & Galindo, 2015; Wang, 2010). The joint position statement issued by the National Association for the Education of Young Children and the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (2010) states that all prekindergarten teachers working in public and private settings should utilize age and developmentally appropriate instruction to promote mathematics readiness. Yet there is limited research that provides data that captures non-licensed pre-K teachers’ beliefs towards preschool mathematics or the ...


The Connect Project: Branchess: Building Relationships And Nurturing Connectedness Harnessing Every Student's Success, Martina R. Skidmore Mar 2020

The Connect Project: Branchess: Building Relationships And Nurturing Connectedness Harnessing Every Student's Success, Martina R. Skidmore

Morehead State Theses and Dissertations

A capstone submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Education in the College of Education at Morehead State University by Martina R. Skidmore on March 30, 2020.


Read, Write, Rhyme: Increasing Reading Performance With Hip-Hop Texts, Crystal Monique Lavoulle Mar 2020

Read, Write, Rhyme: Increasing Reading Performance With Hip-Hop Texts, Crystal Monique Lavoulle

National Youth-At-Risk Conference

This presentation describes the Harlem Renaissance to Hip Hop Movement, a literacy program that uses best practices in literacy instruction to improve reading comprehension, critical thinking, and writing. Moving beyond educational hip-hop songs and videos, this presentation offers insight into effective ways to increase Georgia Milestone Assessment scores in both English language arts and social studies using a variety of hip-hop texts.


Supporting English Learners Through Practice-Based Research, Catherine Lammert, Erica B. Steinitz Holyoke Mar 2020

Supporting English Learners Through Practice-Based Research, Catherine Lammert, Erica B. Steinitz Holyoke

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

Learning to use critical practice-based research as part of teaching is an important goal for preservice teachers, especially for those who plan to teach English learners in linguistically diverse settings. In this study, we examine the experiences of preservice teachers who were introduced to a framework for enacting iterative, transformative action research, and used the framework to study their own teaching in a one-on-one writing partnership with young English learners. Using an established self-efficacy survey instrument, as well as qualitative measures such as course artifacts and observations of teaching, we conducted a mixed-methods study to examine the impact of research ...


Identity Development Within Adolescents And How Educators And Parents Can Positively Affect This Development, Charlotte Heim, Ryan Brudelie, Paige Block Feb 2020

Identity Development Within Adolescents And How Educators And Parents Can Positively Affect This Development, Charlotte Heim, Ryan Brudelie, Paige Block

Empowering Research for Educators

No abstract provided.


The Use Of Constructivism In Agricultural And Physical Education, Brittani Oyster, Jesse Bobbit Feb 2020

The Use Of Constructivism In Agricultural And Physical Education, Brittani Oyster, Jesse Bobbit

Empowering Research for Educators

No abstract provided.


Motivating Students Positively Through Restorative Justice Discipline, Peyton Dejong, Emily Trupe, Eric Zwingel Feb 2020

Motivating Students Positively Through Restorative Justice Discipline, Peyton Dejong, Emily Trupe, Eric Zwingel

Empowering Research for Educators

The purpose of this paper is to examine the effects of discipline formats on student development and analyze if the practice of restorative justice can decrease the school to prison pipeline. Does criminalizing every discrepancy against the law create better law-abiding citizens? Is the zero-tolerance policy change an effective mechanism for school discipline? Do restorative justice practices reduce the school to prison pipeline? To investigate this, the infraction rates at various high schools have been observed in regard to their discipline practices to analyze the number of incidences that students incur and how they were managed.


Lessons From The Field: A Collection Of Findings From Teacher Candidate Field Experiences, Tony Durr Feb 2020

Lessons From The Field: A Collection Of Findings From Teacher Candidate Field Experiences, Tony Durr

Empowering Research for Educators

No abstract provided.


The Power Of Please: How Courtesy Scripts Improve Self-Control And Reduce Peer Conflict By Creating New Language Patterns, Michael J. Haslip Feb 2020

The Power Of Please: How Courtesy Scripts Improve Self-Control And Reduce Peer Conflict By Creating New Language Patterns, Michael J. Haslip

Networks: An Online Journal for Teacher Research

This teacher inquiry project describes how one first grade teacher learned to use coached language supports to improve children’s self-control and cooperation. Courtesy scripts were created in the process. The development of courtesy scripts and their application in early elementary classrooms is presented. Courtesy scripts are specific phrases explicitly taught (I do, we do, you do), reinforced, and used in conversations by both the speaker and listener. Children learned how to make requests while also honoring the needs of others. Use of these pragmatic language supports helped to create a peaceful classroom community. A practical method for teaching courteous ...


A Narrative Inquiry To Explore The Connection Between Gender And Discipline In Grades Pre-K–8, Nicole Salazar Feb 2020

A Narrative Inquiry To Explore The Connection Between Gender And Discipline In Grades Pre-K–8, Nicole Salazar

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Because behavioral discipline can impact children’s development, it is important to ensure that educators work in fair and unbiased ways with all children, across gender, race, and other groups. Biased disciplining of children’s behavior in classrooms can occur as micro-aggressions (McCabe, 2009), sometimes counter to what educators may believe about their own behavior. As a means of raising awareness of gender-biased treatment in classrooms, this thesis involved narrating – a dynamic activity that elicits accounts of events – and thus as a means of reflecting on behavior in everyday practices. Educators anonymously completed a questionnaire requesting narratives of various disciplinary ...