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Full-Text Articles in Bilingual, Multilingual, and Multicultural Education

An Analysis Of The Discourse Of Advanced Low And Advanced Mid Speakers Of Spanish When Talking About The Past, Enrique Torner Aug 2019

An Analysis Of The Discourse Of Advanced Low And Advanced Mid Speakers Of Spanish When Talking About The Past, Enrique Torner

Enrique Torner, Ph.D.

The main goals of this study are: 1) to elaborate and draw comparisons between the discourse features of speakers at each sub-level, and between heritage and non-heritage speakers; 2) to compare the resulting conclusions with the level description of the Guidelines; 3) to contribute to the process of either validating or offering suggestions for the improvement of the descriptors included that pertain to the act of narrating and describing the past, which is so fundamental to proficiency at these two levels; and 4) to provide some extra insight into the process of learning how to talk about the past.


Barriers To Bilingual: How Students Participate In Spanish And English Classes, Bailey Strahan May 2019

Barriers To Bilingual: How Students Participate In Spanish And English Classes, Bailey Strahan

Masters of Education in Teaching and Learning

While participation has been linked to achievement in the classroom, various external factors can change students’ willingness to participate. In this study the researcher sought to discover what participation looks like in regards to one of these factors, language. Additionally the researcher wanted to discover what students and teachers in a bilingual program thought of their own participation in regards to language. Through the use of surveys, interviews, and observations over the course of several weeks, the researcher was able to determine that many factors including student motivation, preferences, resources available, and misunderstanding all contribute to their willingness to participate ...


Spanish Education In Montana, Bret Charlton May 2019

Spanish Education In Montana, Bret Charlton

Languages and Literature Undergraduate Student Works

Importance of Spanish Education in Montana

Currently, in the United States, Spanish speaking English language learners are the largest growing population. This includes large numbers of families and individuals from El Salvador, Cuba, Puerto Rico, and Mexico, most of whom reside in Texas, California, Arizona, Florida, and New Jersey. So why is Spanish education important in Montana? Most students taking Spanish classes in high school will take the recommended two years and never look back. With this in mind, it is the responsibility of the teacher to help form well-rounded, respectful individuals with the time they have.

Learning another language ...


A Bilingual Approach To Pediatric Occupational Therapy: The Importance Of Communication Between Providers & Spanish-Speaking Families In Northwest Arkansas, Emily Ann Davidson May 2019

A Bilingual Approach To Pediatric Occupational Therapy: The Importance Of Communication Between Providers & Spanish-Speaking Families In Northwest Arkansas, Emily Ann Davidson

World Languages, Literatures and Cultures Undergraduate Honors Theses

Due to the demographic demands of Northwest Arkansas and the prevalence of disparities in health care, this study aims to assess the current practices, perceived need, and willingness to provide bilingual Spanish-English outpatient pediatric occupational therapy options in Northwest Arkansas. The hope of this study is to better inform pediatric occupational therapy providers of the growing need for bilingual services so that they may respond appropriately in order to better serve Latino and Spanish-speaking patients and their families or caregivers.


Visual Input In The Spanish Classroom: Incorporating Comprehensible Visual Input To Teach Spanish Grammar And Vocabulary In High School, Claudia Lago Raffaele Jan 2019

Visual Input In The Spanish Classroom: Incorporating Comprehensible Visual Input To Teach Spanish Grammar And Vocabulary In High School, Claudia Lago Raffaele

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this quantitative study was to examine the effects of comprehensible visual input in the form of drawing on students’ self-efficacy toward learning Spanish as a second language in a classroom setting. The study also compared student test scores in classes receiving comprehensible visual input instruction with test scores of students in classes utilizing traditional second language instruction techniques. Participants for this research included 198 students in Grade 9 and Grade 10 enrolled in second year Spanish in a Catholic college preparatory high school. A 46 items Spanish Self-Efficacy Survey (SSES) was administered which included four scales: Progress ...


System Challenges For Bilingual Clinical Social Work In Forensic Settings, Roberto G. Arroyo Jan 2019

System Challenges For Bilingual Clinical Social Work In Forensic Settings, Roberto G. Arroyo

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Little information exists about challenges that bilingual clinical social workers face when engaging individuals with Limited English Proficiency (LEP) in forensic settings, which may influence the efficacy of services provided. Bilingual clinical social workers in the U.S. state of South Carolina lack operational guidelines to assist people with LEP who are involved in forensic matters. The purpose of this study was to explore challenges that affect delivery of bilingual clinical social work to people with LEP in forensic settings. Ecological systems theory served as the conceptual framework for this study. Purposive and snowball sampling methods led to the participation ...


An Analysis Of The Discourse Of Advanced Low And Advanced Mid Speakers Of Spanish When Talking About The Past, Enrique Torner Jan 2019

An Analysis Of The Discourse Of Advanced Low And Advanced Mid Speakers Of Spanish When Talking About The Past, Enrique Torner

World Languages & Cultures Faculty Publications

The main goals of this study are: 1) to elaborate and draw comparisons between the discourse features of speakers at each sub-level, and between heritage and non-heritage speakers; 2) to compare the resulting conclusions with the level description of the Guidelines; 3) to contribute to the process of either validating or offering suggestions for the improvement of the descriptors included that pertain to the act of narrating and describing the past, which is so fundamental to proficiency at these two levels; and 4) to provide some extra insight into the process of learning how to talk about the past.


An Interventionist Approach To Language Study Abroad: Exploring Metalinguistic Awareness In The Acquisition Of Spanish Through Digital Portfolio Documentation And Expert Mentorship, Meredith Mcgregor Nov 2018

An Interventionist Approach To Language Study Abroad: Exploring Metalinguistic Awareness In The Acquisition Of Spanish Through Digital Portfolio Documentation And Expert Mentorship, Meredith Mcgregor

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Language study abroad offers the possibility of acquiring a multitude of competencies, linguistic and otherwise. While historically study abroad research has emphasized linguistic gains in isolation, it has gradually moved towards a more sociocultural approach whereby individual factors and intercultural competencies are seen as integral to the process of acquiring knowledge of a language. With remaining gaps in the literature, and as new instruments emerge, so too do new opportunities for tracking and measuring learning outcomes in innovative ways. The present study, framed by the intervention hypothesis and sociocultural theory, utilizes the social media platform Google+ as a space to ...


Investigating Gender Assignment Strategies In Mixed Purepecha–Spanish Nominal Constructions, Kate Bellamy, M. Carmen Parafita Couto, Hans Stadthagen-Gonzalez Sep 2018

Investigating Gender Assignment Strategies In Mixed Purepecha–Spanish Nominal Constructions, Kate Bellamy, M. Carmen Parafita Couto, Hans Stadthagen-Gonzalez

Faculty Publications

Purepecha has no grammatical gender, whereas Spanish has a binary masculine–feminine system. In this paper we investigate how early sequential Purepecha–Spanish bilinguals assign gender to Purepecha nouns inserted into an otherwise Spanish utterance, using a director-matcher production task and an online forced-choice acceptability judgement task. The results of the production task indicate a strong preference for masculine gender, irrespective of the gender of the noun’s translation equivalent, the so-called “masculine default” option. Participants in the comprehension task were influenced by the orthography of the Purepecha noun in the -a ending condition, leading them to assign feminine gender ...


Effects Of An Elementary Immersion Program On Academic Achievement In Core Subject Areas, Marlee Schmidt Jul 2018

Effects Of An Elementary Immersion Program On Academic Achievement In Core Subject Areas, Marlee Schmidt

Dissertations, Theses, and Projects

This study sought to find out if students who became bilingual score

higher, lower, or the same on standardized tests as their monolingual peers across

multiple disciplines. An answer was obtained by comparing the Minnesota

Comprehensive Assessment scores of Spanish language immersion students to

scores of non-immersion students for the following subject areas: reading in

grades 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, and 10; math in grades 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, and 11; and science

in 5, 8, and high school. The scores used came from a graduating class of 2018

with approximately 342 students. Data was analyzed ...


The Effect Of A Multisensory Approach To Spanish Instruction On The Foreign Language Proficiency Of Students With Learning Disabilities, Linda Chui Jul 2018

The Effect Of A Multisensory Approach To Spanish Instruction On The Foreign Language Proficiency Of Students With Learning Disabilities, Linda Chui

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the study was to investigate the effect of a multisensory approach to Spanish instruction founded in Orton-Gillingham on the (1) foreign language writing, and (2) foreign language reading comprehension of students with learning disabilities in the middle school Spanish classroom. Additionally, the study inquired about the students' satisfaction with the Orton-Gillingham approach to learning to read in Spanish. Four middle school Spanish students with SLD, three male and one female, participated in the study. A single subject ABAB design was used. During the baseline phases, students received Spanish instruction in the traditional mainstream classroom. During the intervention ...


Comparación Evaluativa De La Preparación E Implementación De Fisioterapia Entre Los Estados Unidos Y Los Países Seleccionados De América Del Sur, Dylan Young Vazquez Apr 2018

Comparación Evaluativa De La Preparación E Implementación De Fisioterapia Entre Los Estados Unidos Y Los Países Seleccionados De América Del Sur, Dylan Young Vazquez

Languages and Literature Undergraduate Student Works

The research for this comparative analysis explores the differences in the field of physical therapy between the United States and various countries in South America to compare and evaluate the forms of preparation and implementation of care, to formulate recommendations within areas for further research to be pursued. The United States and South American countries have starkly different economic, social, and political backgrounds which impact the way in which physical therapy is administered and received. This allows for comparisons to be made between each respective model of physical therapy, creating a running dialog on how these programs can improve and ...


¿Puedes Anagramar?: A Game That Helps Heritage Speakers Master Spanish Accentuation, José Alexander Iii Jan 2018

¿Puedes Anagramar?: A Game That Helps Heritage Speakers Master Spanish Accentuation, José Alexander Iii

Senior Projects Spring 2018

Sometimes the best way to learn a new topic isn’t through traditional means but by way of a game. Research has shown that games are especially helpful for learning a new language. Spanish heritage speakers grow up “knowing” Spanish, but do not have full oral or written fluency. The purpose of this project is to create a game that aids Spanish heritage speakers in understanding the rules of accent placement. Heritage speakers grow up in a home where Spanish is spoken, and are bilingual (English/Spanish) with respect to comprehension. The skill level of each heritage speaker varies but ...


Cogna/Te/Do/To: How To Use Cognates In English, Spanish, And Portuguese, Nancy A. Acosta Jan 2018

Cogna/Te/Do/To: How To Use Cognates In English, Spanish, And Portuguese, Nancy A. Acosta

Creative Components

This creative component introduces the concept of cognates and false cognates through sequential art. This guide on cognates leads the reader through a fictional society whose core philosophy is centered around languages and the preservation of any that they come across. By using storytelling elements present both in comic book work (sound effects, emotive characters, sequential order) and in graphic design (information hierarchy, semiotics), the story builds a connection between the material and the reader. Cognates here can be a tool for English speakers to acquire vocabulary of Spanish and Portuguese. With the main character of an ex-astronaut, who was ...


The Impact Of Animacy And Positioning On The Production Of Second Language Referring Expressions, Adonis De Carvalho Borges Jan 2018

The Impact Of Animacy And Positioning On The Production Of Second Language Referring Expressions, Adonis De Carvalho Borges

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

Researches have investigated how referring expressions are produced based upon second language acquisition and psycholinguistics theories. A study of monolingual English speakers demonstrated that referent's salience and discourse factors might impact referring expression choice between noun phrases and pronouns. Participants demonstrated a higher production of pronouns when the referent expression was animate rather than inanimate and a preference for noun phrases when the referent was the second noun phrase of the referent's context sentence (Fukumura & Van Gompel, 2011). In addition, an investigation with Hispanic bilinguals, whose L2 is English, demonstrated, in general, a greater preference for pronouns rather than noun phrases in referring expressions even in semantically ambiguous environments (Contemori & Dussias, 2016). The current study tested if monolinguals and bilinguals presented differences or similarities in referring expression production when the referent was manipulated for animacy and positioning. Using a constraint completion method, two groups (one English monolingual and one Spanish/English bilingual) were tested for pronoun and noun phrase frequency when producing referring expressions. The results demonstrated that both groups have a similar production pattern of referring expression choice and are sensitive to animacy and positioning of the referent. Furthermore, there was a statistically significant higher production of pronouns when the referent was animate. In addition, when the referent was the second noun phrase in the context sentence, the participants of both groups presented a tendency for noun phrase repetition. Thus, this paper suggests that bilinguals do not produce more pronouns in comparison with monolinguals when salience and positioning are controlled; instead, the referring expression production of pronouns and noun phrases is equivalent to that of monolinguals.


Perception Of American–English Vowels By Early And Late Spanish–English Bilinguals, Miriam Baigorri, Luca Campanelli, Erika S. Levy Jan 2018

Perception Of American–English Vowels By Early And Late Spanish–English Bilinguals, Miriam Baigorri, Luca Campanelli, Erika S. Levy

Publications and Research

Increasing numbers of Hispanic immigrants are entering the US and learning American–English (AE) as a second–language (L2). Previous studies investigating the relationship between AE and Spanish vowels have revealed an advantage for early L2 learners for their accuracy of L2 vowel perception. Replicating and extending such previous research, this study examined the patterns with which early and late Spanish–English bilingual adults assimilated naturally-produced AE vowels to their native vowel-inventory and the accuracy with which they discriminated the vowels. Twelve early Spanish–English bilingual, 12 late Spanish–English bilingual, and 10 monolingual listeners performed perceptual-assimilation and categorical-discrimination tasks ...


Bilingualism And The American Family, Caitlin M. Nickerson May 2017

Bilingualism And The American Family, Caitlin M. Nickerson

Senior Honors Projects

Bilingualism is the ability to speak more than one language fluently. People of all ages may aspire to learn a second or third language in order to fulfill both personal goals and communicate with a variety of people in different contexts. Irrespective of one’s walk of life or socioeconomic status, being bilingual is a valuable skill. Although English is the language of power in the United States, there are hundreds of other languages spoken in this country.

There are a number of different ways in which children can become bilingual. For example, they may enter the school system speaking ...


Effectively Teaching A Second Language: Principles And Practices, Alexander Gatica May 2017

Effectively Teaching A Second Language: Principles And Practices, Alexander Gatica

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

This portfolio is the amalgamation of the author’s research and experience during his time in the Master of Second Language Teaching program. The first section contains the Teaching Philosophy, which centers on applying effective teaching methods, increasing learner motivation, and incorporating technology into the classroom. The next section consists of three artifacts in which the author further investigates specific aspects of language teaching. The language paper focuses on the effect that identity has on motivation to learn a language. The literacy paper discusses how to increase vocabulary acquisition via a mobile-assisted language learning application called Duolingo. The culture paper ...


Una Experiencia De La Educación Especial, Sarah Machowski Jan 2017

Una Experiencia De La Educación Especial, Sarah Machowski

Honors Projects and Presentations: Undergraduate

En la primavera de 2016, pasé un semestre de la universidad estudiando en Valparaíso, Chile, para ganar créditos para mi concentración en español. Mientras estaba allí, encontré muchas cosas que me sorprendieron. A veces, estas sorpresas eran buenas: Por ejemplo, supe que me gustan mucho los aguacates (o, para usar el término chileno, “la palta”). Otras cosas no eran tan placenteras. Por ejemplo, es común ver mendigos afuera de las tiendas pidiendo dinero. En algunas maneras, verles allí no era tan sorprendente porque sabía que es una cosa común en ciudades grandes. Sin embargo, algunas ocasiones son más fuertes en ...


Factors That Affect African-American Students' Persistence In A Spanish Immersion Program, Dawn Cheneen Offutt Jan 2017

Factors That Affect African-American Students' Persistence In A Spanish Immersion Program, Dawn Cheneen Offutt

Theses and Dissertations--Curriculum and Instruction

The number of African-American students studying a foreign language has continually persisted to be low (National Center for Education Statistics, 2009), thus eliminating them from the benefits gained from the study of foreign language. This study explores the experiences of African-American students in a partial Spanish Immersion Program (SIP) in Central Kentucky from their parents’ perspectives. Data were collected via a survey and a focus group. Findings revealed that data gleaned from the focus group corroborated responses from the survey. Moreover, themes from content analysis of the qualitative data arose as to why parents chose to continue or discontinue their ...


Spanish Listening Comprehension Test Development Project: Considering Learner L2 Listening Comprehension In The Course Placement Equation, Jennifer Elise Musgrove Jan 2017

Spanish Listening Comprehension Test Development Project: Considering Learner L2 Listening Comprehension In The Course Placement Equation, Jennifer Elise Musgrove

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Second language (L2) placement exams utilized towards course placement decisions at higher-level educational institutions are considered “high-stakes” relative to the impact that the assessment outcome has on the individual student level as well consequences at the institutional level. Therefore, providing reliable second language assessments that effectively determine L2 learner language proficiency can lower course placement error issues. I argue that assessing a learner’s L2 listening comprehension is an integral part of the learner’s L2 experience within the Target Language Use (TLU) and that it could improve course placement accuracy. Furthermore, I argue for a listening construct that includes ...


Una Propuesta De Aicle Para El Trabajo Con Textos En Segundos Idiomas, Francisco Ramos Dec 2016

Una Propuesta De Aicle Para El Trabajo Con Textos En Segundos Idiomas, Francisco Ramos

Franciso Ramos

The presence in the classrooms of immigrant students who do not speak the language of the host country is posing new challenges for those teachers who have to teach them in and through the new language. Therefore, the pedagogical preparation of the latter should include courses on second language acquisition theories, methods, and strategies. The present article summarizes the second language teaching methods traditionally used in second language teaching, describes the most significant advances carried out in the area, and presents a model to help teachers of students with limited knowledge of the language prepare well-organized lessons with which to ...


Language And The Promised Land: Passage And Migration To A Spanish-Language ‘Third Place’, Kenya C. Dworkin Y Mendez Dec 2016

Language And The Promised Land: Passage And Migration To A Spanish-Language ‘Third Place’, Kenya C. Dworkin Y Mendez

Cultural Encounters, Conflicts, and Resolutions

The Spanish-language anthology Caminos para la paz: Literatura israelí y árabe en castellano (Buenos Aires: Corregidor, 2007) [Paths towards/for Peace: Israeli and Arab literature in Castilian], compiled by Ignacio López-Calvo and Cristián Ricci, offers us a collection of over thirty reflections—some Jewish, others Muslim—about the millennial but also contemporary situation of two literally related and historic peoples in a language—Spanish—that seemingly allows them to inhabit the same, this time uncontested, space. Despite the potentially questionable title of the work, which couches the conflict as that of a nation-state versus a nation and/or two peoples ...


The Effects Of Sign Language On Second Language Acquisition, Itzel Mejia-Menendez Dec 2016

The Effects Of Sign Language On Second Language Acquisition, Itzel Mejia-Menendez

Masters of Arts in Education Action Research Papers

This action research project examined the effects of sign language on the ability of primary students to learn new Spanish vocabulary in a bilingual Montessori classroom. The research took place at a public charter Montessori school in Washington, District of Columbia. Twenty-seven primary school aged children were included in this seven-week study. Sources of data collection included a parent-teacher questionnaire, a baseline assessment, daily observation logs, a daily checklist, a weekly journal, and a summative assessment. Students were grouped by Spanish fluency and taught eight different vocabulary words in Spanish. Half of the words were taught alongside a sign in ...


Input Y Fonf En La Adquisición De La Doble Negación En Español Por Angloparlantes, Yolanda Pangtay Chang Sep 2016

Input Y Fonf En La Adquisición De La Doble Negación En Español Por Angloparlantes, Yolanda Pangtay Chang

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Dos factores importantes en la adquisición de una L2: estructura a adquirir y metodología de enseñanza, se estudian en esta tesis. En la negación en español L2, el cambio de la forma del inglés a una forma en principio más sencilla, puede necesitar reestructuración. El segundo factor, la metodología utilizada en su enseñanza, puede variar de manera importante de una clase a otra. Por lo tanto, surgen los siguientes cuestionamientos:

1) ¿Existe la reestructura de la L1 a la L2?

2) ¿Qué tipo de metodología ayuda a la reestructuración?

3) Si hay reestructuración, ¿es ésta permanente o no?

Para el ...


The Acquisition Of Bare Nominals By Three Populations Of Spanish-English Bilingual Adults, Lauren Elizabeth Miller Aug 2016

The Acquisition Of Bare Nominals By Three Populations Of Spanish-English Bilingual Adults, Lauren Elizabeth Miller

Open Access Dissertations

The present study contributes to our understanding of cross-linguistic influence by studying three different groups of Spanish-English speakers’ knowledge of the distribution of definite articles in both of their languages using a battery of tests that require them to draw on different linguistic abilities. These three groups include native English speakers who learned Spanish after adolescence, native Spanish speakers who learned English after adolescence and simultaneous bilinguals who grew up in the United States speaking both English and Spanish from birth. Specifically, this study explores interpretation, production and intuition regarding the acceptability of definite articles in different contexts. Since the ...


Ideology, Access, And Status: Spanish-English Bilinguals In The Foreign-Language Classroom, Michael E. Rolland Jun 2016

Ideology, Access, And Status: Spanish-English Bilinguals In The Foreign-Language Classroom, Michael E. Rolland

Graduate Student Publications and Research

Spanish language teaching in US higher education is today generally divided between ‘foreign language’ courses for novice learners and ‘heritage language’ courses for Hispanic/Latinx students with some knowledge of the language. However, ‘heritage’ students are a linguistically diverse group, and are also often enrolled at institutions where heritage courses are not offered. Little research to date has studied ‘heritage’ speakers enrolled in ‘foreign’ language courses. For this study I conducted semi-structured interviews to explore the affective and ideological characteristics of bilingual students enrolled in elementary Spanish courses. As the literature suggests, I find that these students have a generally ...


The Importance Of The Implementation And Learning Of Spanish Language Arts, Adrializ Serrano May 2016

The Importance Of The Implementation And Learning Of Spanish Language Arts, Adrializ Serrano

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

In the United States, there are “roughly about 54 million” people who are Hispanic or of Hispanic heritage (Hispanic or Latino Populations, 2015). Of this population, there are a substantial number of children who are enrolled in schools across the country. As these students become enrolled in school, the need to accommodate for their linguistic and academic needs is greater. The purpose of Dual Language bilingual programs is to develop students' native language, while developing their second language through language arts and content instruction in both languages. The students who part take in an effective Dual Language program are privileged ...


Changes To Primary Education To Increase Postsecondary Hispanic Enrollment Rates In Tennessee, Shelby L. Moses May 2016

Changes To Primary Education To Increase Postsecondary Hispanic Enrollment Rates In Tennessee, Shelby L. Moses

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


Digital Libraries For Creative Writing, Pilar G. Carcedo Apr 2016

Digital Libraries For Creative Writing, Pilar G. Carcedo

South East Coastal Conference on Languages & Literatures (SECCLL)

This research has focused on the changes of paradigm that digital technology and globalization have exerted in the study of the literary act. The methodology has been guided by the constant integration of literary, pedagogical and technological reflection around Digital Literature and Creative Writing.

In our Research Group LEETHI we have created different Webs to approach Literature in the classroom. One of the is our DIGITAL LIBRARY TROPOS. It has developed innovative approaches, and anticipated uses of the computer, highlighting both the limits and the rich potential of the digital. Always creative, it continues to propose new possibilities, as a ...