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Bilingual, Multilingual, and Multicultural Education Commons

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1997

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Articles 1 - 30 of 49

Full-Text Articles in Bilingual, Multilingual, and Multicultural Education

Decentering Whiteness, Peter Mclaren Oct 1997

Decentering Whiteness, Peter Mclaren

Education Faculty Articles and Research

"I wish to make two claims in this article. One is that multicultural education has largely refused to acknowledge how imperialism, colonialism, and the transnational circulation of capitalism influences the ways in which many oppressed minority groups cognitively map their paradigm of democracy in the United States. The other claim is that the present focus on diversity in multicultural education is often misguided because the struggle for ethnic diversity makes progressive political sense only if it can be accompanied by a sustained analysis of the cultural logics of white supremacy; While these two claims mutually inform each other, it is ...


Flarr Pages #6: The Word In Chinese, Jenny Lin Oct 1997

Flarr Pages #6: The Word In Chinese, Jenny Lin

FLARR Pages

No abstract provided.


The Adjunct Model Of Content-Based Instruction: A Comparative Study In Higher Education In Oregon, Georgann Sue Percival Aug 1997

The Adjunct Model Of Content-Based Instruction: A Comparative Study In Higher Education In Oregon, Georgann Sue Percival

Dissertations and Theses

Content-based instruction (CBI) in all forms is widely used in ESL programs in higher education. The adjunct model of CBI, which links ESL classes to academic content courses, is regarded as an effective way to provide a transition between ESL and academic classes. Considering the growing numbers of limited English proficiency students entering colleges and universities for degree and vocational programs, the adjunct model provides an innovative means for ESL programs to serve these students. This comparative study investigates how adjunct model courses are planned, administered, and taught in eight colleges and universities in Oregon. Telephone surveys were used to ...


Teaching Phonetic-Ideograph Rules To English Speaking Students Of Chinese, Jillian Ji-Fen Tsai Jul 1997

Teaching Phonetic-Ideograph Rules To English Speaking Students Of Chinese, Jillian Ji-Fen Tsai

Dissertations and Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the teaching of phoneticideograph rules would improve the memorization and character retention abilities of English-speaking students of Chinese. Two groups participated in the experiment, an experimental group and a control group. The experimental group was taught using the Concentrated Character Recognition Method, which employs the teaching of phonetic-ideograph rules, while the other group was taught using a more traditional teaching approach, without receiving instruction on phonetic-ideographic rules. Subjects were enrolled in the first-year university Chinese class. All subjects were pre-tested before the treatment. Data of subjects who scored much higher than ...


The Effect Of Interlocutor And Assessment Mode Variables In Overseas Assessments Of Speaking Skills In Occupational Settings, T Mcnamara, Tom Lumley Jun 1997

The Effect Of Interlocutor And Assessment Mode Variables In Overseas Assessments Of Speaking Skills In Occupational Settings, T Mcnamara, Tom Lumley

Dr Tom Lumley

The increasing demand for performance assessment of speaking skills in second languages has led to logistic complications, for example, the delivery of tests in overseas locations. One solution to the problem has been to train native interlocutors to carry out a series of oral interactions with the candidate, with assessment from audiorecordings of the test session postponed and conducted centrally by a small team of trained raters. But these procedures raise questions about the effect of such facets of the assessment situation as interlocutor variables and the quality of the audiotape recording. This article examines these issues in the context ...


Teaching Peace Education In Esl/Efl Classes: An International Perspective, Cheryl Lynn Hill Jun 1997

Teaching Peace Education In Esl/Efl Classes: An International Perspective, Cheryl Lynn Hill

Dissertations and Theses

This study offers an exploration of peace education ESUEFL classes, from the perspective of the teacher and the students. Using questionnaires designed by the researcher, qualitative and quantitative survey data were collected from a convenience sample of thirteen ESUEFL teachers and seventy ESUEFL students. The teacher survey focuses on the following questions: 1) How do ESI.JEFL teachers define peace education; 2) Why have some ESUEFL teachers decided to teach peace education in their classes; and 3) How do ESUEFL teachers incorporate peace education into their classes. The student survey carried out in three EFL classes in Israel, Italy, and ...


Esl Cd-Rom Principles And Their Application: A Software Evaluation, Stephanie Burgi Lamonica Jun 1997

Esl Cd-Rom Principles And Their Application: A Software Evaluation, Stephanie Burgi Lamonica

Dissertations and Theses

CD-ROM applications within the past 5 years have aided the availability of Computer Aided Language Learning (CALL) on a mass consumer level. This study assesses how the instructional design of commercial CALL English as a Second Language (ESL) CD-ROM materials make up for the lack of a human instructional component. The framework within which the evaluation takes place is communicatively based. Using a tool developed specifically for the study, 8 software from 6 companies were systematically evaluated. The 3-step process followed in the evaluation makes concessions for student, instructional designer, and instructor needs. Research questions address how the areas of ...


Ethnic And Language Identity Among A Select Group Of Vietnamese-Americans In Portland Oregon, Jay Owen Peterson Jun 1997

Ethnic And Language Identity Among A Select Group Of Vietnamese-Americans In Portland Oregon, Jay Owen Peterson

Dissertations and Theses

Vietnamese immigrants within the United States have demonstrated a strong desire to retain their ethnocultural identity. They have also experienced tremendous pressure to use English. What are the implications of these two trends for identity and language choice within the Vietnamese-American community? The presented research used multidimensional scaling (MDS) methods to describe the subjects' ethnic and language identities. The population for the study consisted of adult Vietnamese-Americans who were born in Vietnam and were currently living in the US. The study had two stages. First, identity labels were generated using a modified Twenty Statements Test. A "Myself' label was added ...


Japanese Intelligibility And Comprehensibility Assessments Of Different English Accents, David Michael Levin May 1997

Japanese Intelligibility And Comprehensibility Assessments Of Different English Accents, David Michael Levin

Dissertations and Theses

As the result of historical events and the adaptive nature of the language itself, English is generally accepted today as the world's international language. While various countries have adapted the English language to serve their own specific needs, the question of whether or not the changes made to English in these countries, for example phonological, will still enable the language to be intelligible in the international arena. If English is to be the de facto world language, then international intelligibility should be an important goal. For this research, 211 Japanese university students were asked to assess the intelligibility and ...


Developing A Language In Education Policy For Post-Apartheid South Africa: A Case Study, Nancy Murray Apr 1997

Developing A Language In Education Policy For Post-Apartheid South Africa: A Case Study, Nancy Murray

Dissertations and Theses

The dismantling of apartheid laws, the all-race elections of 1994, and a new Constitution signal opportunities for fundamental change in South Africa's educational system and language policies. This study describes the development, still in progress, of a new language in education policy. The primary focus is on the various issues involved in the making of a policy--the assumptions and principles which provide the foundation for a new policy, the active participants in the policy debate and formulation, the perceptions of the role of English in South African society and schools, English as the medium of instruction, and possible consensus ...


Nine Complementary Principles To Retain Adults In An Esol/Literacy Program, Edmund T. Hamann Apr 1997

Nine Complementary Principles To Retain Adults In An Esol/Literacy Program, Edmund T. Hamann

Faculty Publications: Department of Teaching, Learning and Teacher Education

The following list of principles is my attempt to share general recommendations to teachers of ESOL and/or limited literacy adults based on my specific practice running a bilingual family literacy program and confirmed by my more recent experience as a volunteer bilingual literacy teacher at the Asociación Latinoamericana (in Atlanta). Though I believe in bilingual classroom environments, I think the principles identified here are also pertinent to monolingual ESL environments.


Content Analysis Of Funded Enhancement Project Applications--Fiscal Year 1995, Adelina Alegria, Reynaldo Flores Macias, Ana Maria Rodrigues Resnik Mar 1997

Content Analysis Of Funded Enhancement Project Applications--Fiscal Year 1995, Adelina Alegria, Reynaldo Flores Macias, Ana Maria Rodrigues Resnik

Adelina Alegria

The 97 bilingual education program enhancement projects funded by the U.S. Department of Education's Office of Bilingual Education and Minority Languages Affairs in fiscal 1995 are analyzed for their demographic characteristics, goals and objectives, instructional characteristics, parent and family services, professional development, personnel training, and other program features. A subset of 33 programs was selected for in-depth analysis of features other than demographics. The 97 proposals, distributed among 21 states, served 53,535 students, 36,283 of whom were limited-English-proficient, from 78 language groups and at all grade levels. California received over half the funded projects. School districts ...


Promotion Of Verbal Interaction Through Structured Pair Activities, Vidya Rangachari Feb 1997

Promotion Of Verbal Interaction Through Structured Pair Activities, Vidya Rangachari

Dissertations and Theses

Group work has come to play an increasingly significant role in the second language classroom due to its myriad advantages. Researchers have found that bringing language learners together for various activities provides them with greater opportunities to improve on the quality as well as the quantity of their linguistic output. A small group size and a structured activity are believed to be extremely beneficial to the language learners. In this study, eight ESL students were brought together in dyads and asked to interact verbally for the purpose of performing three types of goal-oriented activities within a specified time limit. The ...


Ebonics: The Political Process Through A Glass Darkly, Editor Jan 1997

Ebonics: The Political Process Through A Glass Darkly, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

The author discusses the ebonics (black English) controversy.


Transformation In Communities And Individuals In International Development, James Richard Troudt Jan 1997

Transformation In Communities And Individuals In International Development, James Richard Troudt

Master's Capstone Projects

No abstract provided.


Students’ Dropout In Continuing Education: A Namibian Case Study, Vekaama Heroldt Murangi Jan 1997

Students’ Dropout In Continuing Education: A Namibian Case Study, Vekaama Heroldt Murangi

Master's Capstone Projects

This study was undertaken in Namibia, to determine causes for student dropouts m continuing education face-to-face centers. The utilized sample in the study consisted of one hundred and seventy learners (including both current & non-continuing learners), and sixty tutors. In this context, dropout refers to those students enrolling for a course (Grade 10, Standard 10) at face-to-face centers and discontinuing their studies before completing the entire course. It is required from all learners to attend classes regularly before they can sit for the final external examination taking place annually in October or November.

Chapter 1 of the study gives a general ...


Orientation Workshops For Interpreters Of All Languages: How To Strike A Balance Between The Ideal World And Reality, Holly Mikkelson, Hanne Mintz Jan 1997

Orientation Workshops For Interpreters Of All Languages: How To Strike A Balance Between The Ideal World And Reality, Holly Mikkelson, Hanne Mintz

Holly Mikkelson

No abstract provided.


Adult Literacy Assessment In Comparative Contexts, Daniel A. Wagner Jan 1997

Adult Literacy Assessment In Comparative Contexts, Daniel A. Wagner

Book Chapters (Literacy.org)

In an ever-shrinking world, there are increasing efforts among many countries to understand their economic, social, and educational policies in the relative light of other nations' successes and failures. Largely begun by anthropologiests in the colonial era, cross-cultural studies examined and compared human behavior ranging from childrearing practices and initiation rites to the training of craftsmen and sedentary agriculturists. Cross-cultural and cross-national comparisons of literacy ability are of rather more recent vintage; for example, studies of the cultural specificities of reading in different languages and scripts, the cognitive consequences of literacy in cultural groups, and skill performance across industrialized countries ...


Journal Of Pedagogy, Pluralism And Practice, Volume 1, Issue 1, Spring 1997 (Full Issue), Journal Staff Jan 1997

Journal Of Pedagogy, Pluralism And Practice, Volume 1, Issue 1, Spring 1997 (Full Issue), Journal Staff

Journal of Pedagogy, Pluralism, and Practice

No abstract provided.


Journal Of Pedagogy, Pluralism And Practice, Volume 1, Issue 2, Fall 1997 (Full Issue), Journal Staff Jan 1997

Journal Of Pedagogy, Pluralism And Practice, Volume 1, Issue 2, Fall 1997 (Full Issue), Journal Staff

Journal of Pedagogy, Pluralism, and Practice

This issue of the Journal of Pedagogy, Pluralism and Practice is dedicated to the memory of Paulo Freire who died on May 2, 1997 at the age of 75. Paulo Freire is the author of Pedagogy of the Oppressed, The Politics of Education, Pedagogy of the City, Pedagogy of Hope and many other books that have created a radical discourse on liberatory education and have influenced teachers, theorists and cultural workers throughout the world. His last book, Pedagogia da Autonomia: Saberes necessários à prática educativa, is not yet translated in English, but is expected soon, possibly entitled Pedagogy of Freedom ...


Profiling Esl Children: How Teachers Interpret And Use National And State Assessment Frameworks: Volume 2: The Western Australia Case Studies, Michael P. Breen, Caroline Barratt-Pugh, Beverly Derewianka, Helen House, Catherine Hudson, Tom Lumley, Mary Rohl Jan 1997

Profiling Esl Children: How Teachers Interpret And Use National And State Assessment Frameworks: Volume 2: The Western Australia Case Studies, Michael P. Breen, Caroline Barratt-Pugh, Beverly Derewianka, Helen House, Catherine Hudson, Tom Lumley, Mary Rohl

ECU Publications Pre. 2011

No abstract provided.


Maternal Factors Affecting Academic Achievement Of Latino Adolescents , Marisa Rivera Jan 1997

Maternal Factors Affecting Academic Achievement Of Latino Adolescents , Marisa Rivera

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Latinos are the fastest growing segment of the population in the United States. Consequently, that growth will have a dramatic effect on this country.. The high number of Latino youth that drop out of school is exceedingly critical in light of the fact that by the turn of the century less than 14 percent of jobs will require less than a high school diploma. There is divergence among researchers as to the cause of the high drop out rates. Some attribute it directly to socioeconomic factors while others argue that those factors should be viewed as distal influences and that ...


Preparing Esl Undergraduates For Freshman Composition Through Cooperative Learning, Collaborative Writing, And Portfolio Grading: A Course Design Rationale And Case Study, Roberta E. Golliher Jan 1997

Preparing Esl Undergraduates For Freshman Composition Through Cooperative Learning, Collaborative Writing, And Portfolio Grading: A Course Design Rationale And Case Study, Roberta E. Golliher

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This thesis describes and examines an experimental ESL composition course that featured cooperative learning and collaborative writing , a course that also involved thematic sequencing of assignments and portfolio grading of students' individual writing. The course was a revised version of Iowa State University's English 101C (Advanced Composition for Non-Native Speakers of English), with the revisions directed toward the attainment of the official course goal of preparing ESL students for the Iowa State First Year Composition Program. The changes in the course enabled 101C students to write assignments modeled on ISU freshman composition assignments--particularly academic and argumentative writing assignments.


Backgrounds In L1 Literacy And Attitudes Toward Text In An Esol Writing Classroom , Lia Margaret Plakans Jan 1997

Backgrounds In L1 Literacy And Attitudes Toward Text In An Esol Writing Classroom , Lia Margaret Plakans

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Identity Development And Student Involvement Of African-American Undergraduate Students At Historically White Colleges And Universities In Southern Appalachia, Rosemary G. Bundy Jan 1997

Identity Development And Student Involvement Of African-American Undergraduate Students At Historically White Colleges And Universities In Southern Appalachia, Rosemary G. Bundy

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This study of African American undergraduates at Emory & Henry College, Tusculum College, Western Carolina University, East Tennessee State University, Appalachian State University, and University of North Carolina at Asheville was conducted to determine students' stages of identity development, level of involvement in campus activities, and demographic characteristics within historically White Southern Appalachian colleges and universities, both public and independent. Three research questions were answered by analyzing 21 null hypotheses using the t-test and the chi square test. Hypotheses were tested at the.05 level of significance. Data collected in this study revealed that the students' perceptions of identity development and ...


Profiling Esl Children: How Teachers Interpret And Use National And State Assessment Frameworks: Volume 1: Key Issues & Findings, Michael P. Breen, Caroline Barratt-Pugh, Beverly Derewianka, Helen House, Catherine Hudson, Tom Lumley, Mary Rohl Jan 1997

Profiling Esl Children: How Teachers Interpret And Use National And State Assessment Frameworks: Volume 1: Key Issues & Findings, Michael P. Breen, Caroline Barratt-Pugh, Beverly Derewianka, Helen House, Catherine Hudson, Tom Lumley, Mary Rohl

ECU Publications Pre. 2011

The three volumes which make up this study describe in detail how a number of teachers in different school situations in different parts of Australia undertook the assessment of young children's development of English as a second language. Most of the teachers worked in pre-primary to Year 3 classrooms where the majority of the children were aged between five and eight years. The majority worked in a mainstream context in which the number of children speaking English as a second language (ESL) varied from more than half the class to two or three students. About a third of the ...


Profiling Esl Children: How Teachers Interpret And Use National And State Assessment Frameworks: Volume 3: The Eastern States Case Studies, Michael P. Breen, Caroline Barratt-Pugh, Beverly Derewianka, Helen House, Catherine Hudson, Tom Lumley, Mary Rohl Jan 1997

Profiling Esl Children: How Teachers Interpret And Use National And State Assessment Frameworks: Volume 3: The Eastern States Case Studies, Michael P. Breen, Caroline Barratt-Pugh, Beverly Derewianka, Helen House, Catherine Hudson, Tom Lumley, Mary Rohl

ECU Publications Pre. 2011

No abstract provided.


Call In The Year 2000: Still In Search Of Research Paradigms?, Carol Chapelle Jan 1997

Call In The Year 2000: Still In Search Of Research Paradigms?, Carol Chapelle

English Publications

Advancements in the design and use of computer-assisted language learning (CALL) activities require that key questions about CALL be identified and effective research methods be used to answer them. In this paper, I suggest looking to research on other types of second language (L2) classroom learning activities for guidance in framing CALL research questions and in discovering relevant research methods. I begin with examples from the CALL literature demonstrating the diverse perspectives (e.g., cognitive psychology, constructivism, psycholinguistics) which have been suggested as ways of approaching CALL research. I then summarize the research questions and methods of L2 classroom research ...


Increasing Cognitive Functioning In Science For English Language Learners, Deborah Sue Powell Jan 1997

Increasing Cognitive Functioning In Science For English Language Learners, Deborah Sue Powell

Theses Digitization Project

No abstract provided.


Bridging The Cultural Gap Between Home And School, Anne Chanco Lewis Jan 1997

Bridging The Cultural Gap Between Home And School, Anne Chanco Lewis

Graduate Research Papers

This journal article explores the significance of the early implementation of multicultural literature in young children's lives. As young children prepare for the transition from home culture to school culture, problems may occur, such as cultural conflict, if both minority and majority children are not prepared for the school's diverse population. By incorporating multicultural literature experiences, both educators and parents can help to raise the awareness and appreciation of cultural diversity.

In addition to becoming more aware of cultural diversity, children will also learn tolerance of children of another ethnic background. If young children are involved with multicultural ...