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Seasonal Variability On Microplastic Polutions In Water And Sediment Of Ciliwung River, Hefty Clarissa Wilyalodia, Elgrytha Victoria Tybeyuliana, Alloysius Pamurda Dhika Mahendra, Mochamad Adhiraga Pratama, Suphia Rahmawati, Fajri Mulya Iresha, Setyo Sarwanto Moersidik 2023 Universitas Indonesia

Seasonal Variability On Microplastic Polutions In Water And Sediment Of Ciliwung River, Hefty Clarissa Wilyalodia, Elgrytha Victoria Tybeyuliana, Alloysius Pamurda Dhika Mahendra, Mochamad Adhiraga Pratama, Suphia Rahmawati, Fajri Mulya Iresha, Setyo Sarwanto Moersidik

CSID Journal of Infrastructure Development

Microplastics, recognized as emerging contaminants, have been detected in numerous rivers globally. This study focuses on the Ciliwung River in Jakarta, examining the influence of seasonal variations—specifically the rainy and dry seasons—on microplastics' concentration, types, and colors. Sampling was conducted during November 2022 (dry season) and March 2023 (wet season) using a plankton net for water (10 liters) and an Ekman grab sampler for sediment (400 mililiters). Microplastic abundance was analyzed following the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) adaptation method, and their material characteristics were identified using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) testing. Results revealed a notable seasonal impact: …


A Spatiotemporal Analysis Of Organic Pollutants Contamination In Ciliwung River, Indonesia, Mochamad Adhiraga Pratama, Dorothy Marsha Constantine 2023 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Indonesia

A Spatiotemporal Analysis Of Organic Pollutants Contamination In Ciliwung River, Indonesia, Mochamad Adhiraga Pratama, Dorothy Marsha Constantine

CSID Journal of Infrastructure Development

Ciliwung River is one of many rivers on Java Island which is polluted by waste from domestic, commercial/industrial, and agricultural activities. The rapid population growth caused changes in land use. Along with population growth and the development of human activities in various sectors, river pollution became a serious problem for humans. The purpose of this study is to conduct a spatiotemporal analysis of the concentration of pollutant in Ciliwung River and its correlation with the trend of land use changes to determine the factors that dominantly influence river pollution. The analysis was carried out on the parameters of organic pollutants …


A Study On The Preferred Teleworking Policy By The Private Sector And Its Implication To The Demand On Transport Infrastructure (Case Study: Greater Jakarta Area), Alvinsyah Alvinsyah, Edy Hadian, Wahyu Aji Syahputra 2023 Transport Research Group, Civil Engineering Department, University of Indonesia

A Study On The Preferred Teleworking Policy By The Private Sector And Its Implication To The Demand On Transport Infrastructure (Case Study: Greater Jakarta Area), Alvinsyah Alvinsyah, Edy Hadian, Wahyu Aji Syahputra

CSID Journal of Infrastructure Development

This study examines the implementation of a teleworking policy with a work-from-home (WFH) scheme from a private company perspective and its implications on the Greater Jakarta’s proposed urban rail network’s carrying capacity. Using descriptive and inferential statistical analyses, a representative percentage of employees capable of working from home was determined. This figure, found to be sixty percent, was then employed in a macro transport model simulation to assess its impact on urban rail network demand. The results of the statistical analysis indicate that sixty percent of the company's workforce can still permitted to work remotely. The model simulation conducted indicates …


The Presence Of Memory Through Materiality, Spatial Configuration, And Collective As A System For Sustainable High-Rise Residence, Arnis Rochma Harani, Brigitta E. Mekarwangi, Muhamad I. Hasan 2023 Diponegoro University

The Presence Of Memory Through Materiality, Spatial Configuration, And Collective As A System For Sustainable High-Rise Residence, Arnis Rochma Harani, Brigitta E. Mekarwangi, Muhamad I. Hasan

CSID Journal of Infrastructure Development

This paper aims to explore the multifaceted elements involved in the design of residential buildings, encompassing both landed and high-rise structures, with a particular focus on memory. The ever-increasing urban population density has prompted a shift towards high-rise living, leading many individuals to transition from traditional landed homes. However, in urban environments where closely-knit communities have been the norm, high-rise living is often perceived as a potential obstacle to fostering social interactions akin to those experienced in landed residential areas. This challenge presents a compelling opportunity for designers to create vertical residential spaces that maintain the vibrant communal ambiance found …


Interacting Action Of Alkali-Silica Reaction And Chloride-Induced Steel Corrosion On The Reinforced Concrete Structures – A Critical Review, Williams Dunu 2023 University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg South Africa.

Interacting Action Of Alkali-Silica Reaction And Chloride-Induced Steel Corrosion On The Reinforced Concrete Structures – A Critical Review, Williams Dunu

CSID Journal of Infrastructure Development

The degradation of reinforced concrete (RC) structures amidst the progression of corrosion within alkali-silica reaction (ASR)-affected structures is a complex phenomenon marked by diverse causal factors and repercussions. While the initiation phase of chloride-induced steel corrosion and ASR in RC structures has received extensive scrutiny, insufficient attention has been dedicated to comprehending the propagation phase (tp). Therefore, this study addresses this gap by centering its focus on the propagation phase, driven by the imperative need to formulate efficient and sustainable maintenance, repair, and management strategies for RC structures grappling with the concurrent impacts of degradation mechanisms such as ASR and …


Assessment Of Infrastructure Development Approach In Newly Created Districts In Zambia: Case Study, Chimanga Kabwe, Musonda Innocent, Franco Muleya 2023 University of Johannesburg, South Africa

Assessment Of Infrastructure Development Approach In Newly Created Districts In Zambia: Case Study, Chimanga Kabwe, Musonda Innocent, Franco Muleya

CSID Journal of Infrastructure Development

This article evaluates the infrastructure development plans in Zambia's newly established districts, primarily focusing on assessing their effectiveness. Infrastructure development encompasses various strategies, and this study investigates the factors influencing the selection of these strategies for implementing infrastructure projects in Zambia. Through structured interviews and questionnaires distributed to 500 respondents, the research highlights the critical role of community involvement. Communities play a pivotal role in identifying essential amenities, setting priorities for infrastructure construction, incorporating their ideas, and participating in the planning process for executing infrastructure projects. The analysis reveals that community members held varying perspectives on the significance of infrastructure …


Assessing The Feasibility And Mechanism Of Destructive Removal Of Per- And Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (Pfas) From Water, Kaushik Vinaykumar Londhe 2023 New Jersey Institute of Technology

Assessing The Feasibility And Mechanism Of Destructive Removal Of Per- And Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (Pfas) From Water, Kaushik Vinaykumar Londhe

Dissertations

One of the most pertinent challenges faced by the drinking water community is the widespread contamination of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS). These anthropogenic chemicals have been ubiquitously used in everyday products such as carpets, stain repellents, dyes, shampoos, non-stick cookware as well as in aqueous firefighting foams. PFAS are linked with adverse health effects in humans such as thyroid disease, obesity, immunological and reproductive disorders and linked to cancer in adults and low birth weight and developmental defects in infants.

Conventional water treatment technologies have proven to be largely ineffective in PFAS remediation, due to their extreme stability and …


The Effect Of Fine Recycled Concrete Aggregates On The Mechanical And Durability Properties Of Concrete, Abbas Chour, Jamal Khatib 2023 Faculty of Engineering, Beirut Arab University, Debbieh, Lebanon

The Effect Of Fine Recycled Concrete Aggregates On The Mechanical And Durability Properties Of Concrete, Abbas Chour, Jamal Khatib

BAU Journal - Science and Technology

The fast increase of construction and demolition (C&D) operations has resulted in the creation of massive amounts of garbage, which must be cleared. Reusing C&D waste is of significant importance for environmental conservation and resource utilization. One such alternative for structural concrete is recycled concrete aggregate obtained from building and demolition debris. In this context, the present study aims to comprehensively review the current state of the art in fine recycled concrete materials (fRCA), including their physical properties, technological advantages, mechanical properties, and durability characteristics. The study establishes a paradigm for evaluating the quality of fRCA, whether created in a …


Preliminary Water Quality Assessment Using Canadian Water Quality Index Of Ras El-Ain Ponds, South Lebanon, Hussien Ali Fayad, Safaa Baydoun, Mohamad Reda Soliman 2023 Faculty of Engineering, Beirut Arab University, Debbieh, Lebanon

Preliminary Water Quality Assessment Using Canadian Water Quality Index Of Ras El-Ain Ponds, South Lebanon, Hussien Ali Fayad, Safaa Baydoun, Mohamad Reda Soliman

BAU Journal - Science and Technology

Water quality deterioration in Lebanon is a pressing national issue and there is a high need for continuous water quality assessment and monitoring of water bodies in the country. This study aims at assessing water quality of Ras El-Ain Ponds, a major natural water resource for domestic use in Tyre district, South Lebanon by using the widely applied Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment Water Quality Index (CCME WQI). Sampling was conducted during February-March, 2023 and physiochemical and microbiological water quality parameters were determined using standardized methods. Assessed parameters in our study are temperature, turbidity, electrical conductivity (EC), total …


Behavior Of Concrete Mixes Using Recycled Aggregate Confined With Steel Sections, Latifa Sobhi Kassem, Adnan El-Masri, Nour Webhi 2023 Faculty of Engineering, Beirut Arab University, Debbieh, Lebanon

Behavior Of Concrete Mixes Using Recycled Aggregate Confined With Steel Sections, Latifa Sobhi Kassem, Adnan El-Masri, Nour Webhi

BAU Journal - Science and Technology

Recycled Concrete Aggregate (RAC) is a form of recycled concrete that has been studied for green building for the past 50 years. It can be used to create strong structures, such as seismic retrofitting of earthquake-prone structures. Studies have attempted to experimentally study the effect of using recycled aggregate in concrete, but the literature lacks the use of recycled concrete aggregate rapped with steel rings. This study examines the behavior of circular concrete columns with different percentages of recycled aggregate. It examines the behavior of a column with different percentages of recycled aggregate, one without jacketing, one with partial jacketing, …


Modeling Of Amine-Based Co2 Capture Process, Zafar Safarovich Turakulov 2023 Tashkent Institute of chemical technology. Address: Navoi Street, 32, Tashkent, Uzbekistan, 100011. E-mail: webdastur@gmail.com, Phone: +998946366355.

Modeling Of Amine-Based Co2 Capture Process, Zafar Safarovich Turakulov

Chemical Technology, Control and Management

A significant factor influencing climate change is the release of carbon dioxide (CO2) into the atmosphere as a consequence of human activities such as the combustion of fossil fuels. Climate change can be slowed down by taking action to mitigate industrial-scale CO2 emissions. Currently, the most advanced technology for capturing CO2 from industrial flue gases is the post-combustion CO2 capture based on amine absorption. However, due to the high energy penalties of existing CO2 capture technologies and insufficient carbon markets, it is necessary to develop methods that compete with these technologies or minimize their …


Reducing Food Scarcity: The Benefits Of Urban Farming, S.A. Claudell, Emilio Mejia 2023 Brigham Young University

Reducing Food Scarcity: The Benefits Of Urban Farming, S.A. Claudell, Emilio Mejia

Journal of Nonprofit Innovation

Urban farming can enhance the lives of communities and help reduce food scarcity. This paper presents a conceptual prototype of an efficient urban farming community that can be scaled for a single apartment building or an entire community across all global geoeconomics regions, including densely populated cities and rural, developing towns and communities. When deployed in coordination with smart crop choices, local farm support, and efficient transportation then the result isn’t just sustainability, but also increasing fresh produce accessibility, optimizing nutritional value, eliminating the use of ‘forever chemicals’, reducing transportation costs, and fostering global environmental benefits.

Imagine Doris, who is …


Indicators Affecting Passenger Service Processes And Their Scientific Interpretation, Maxliyoxon Madaminova Maxamatjon qizi, Saidazim Amanullayevich Ganihodjayev 2023 Tashkent State Transport University, Tashkent city, Republic of Uzbekistan)

Indicators Affecting Passenger Service Processes And Their Scientific Interpretation, Maxliyoxon Madaminova Maxamatjon Qizi, Saidazim Amanullayevich Ganihodjayev

Technical science and innovation

Many traffic flow parameters affect the performance of the road network at high voltage. These are low vehicle speeds, high vehicle distances relative to road capacity, and density per unit time (lane occupancy). In turn, a number of factors affect the decrease in traffic speed: the presence of slow-moving vehicles in the stream; pedestrians crossing the road irregularly; increase in traffic flow, etc. The issues of public transportation depend on many factors, each of which requires a separate approach and a complex solution. In large cities around the world, the quality indicators of public transport services, including the issues of …


Multi-Mode Regulation Of The Drying Process Of Industrial Gas, Isamidin Xakimovich Sidikov Pr, Nashvandova Gulruxsor Murot qizi PhD 2023 Tashkent State Technical University, Tashkent city, Republic of Uzbekistan

Multi-Mode Regulation Of The Drying Process Of Industrial Gas, Isamidin Xakimovich Sidikov Pr, Nashvandova Gulruxsor Murot Qizi Phd

Technical science and innovation

Currently, much attention is paid to the issue of energy efficiency of gas processing enterprises. The continuous growth of world prices for energy resources requires constant improvement of the management system, providing the most optimal conditions for the flow of technological processes. A conceptual model of the heat-mass transfer process occurring in the absorber as an object of research has been developed, which characterizes the relationship of the variables involved in the drying process of natural gas, control, measurable and immeasurable, as well as controlled parameters have been selected, which are used to develop and study a mathematical model of …


Adaptation Algorithm For Self-Tuning Of Parameters Of Models Of Multi-Stage Flotation Processes, Nilufar Sharifzhanova, Maksadhan Yakubov, FRANCESCO GREGORETTI 2023 Turin Polytechnic University, Tashkent city, Republic of Uzbekistan;

Adaptation Algorithm For Self-Tuning Of Parameters Of Models Of Multi-Stage Flotation Processes, Nilufar Sharifzhanova, Maksadhan Yakubov, Francesco Gregoretti

Technical science and innovation

Modern methods for solving problems of planning the execution of batches of tasks in multi-stage systems are characterized by the presence of restrictions on their dimensionality, the impossibility of guaranteed obtaining better results in comparison with fixed packages for different values of the input parameters of the problem. In the article, the author solved the problem of optimizing the composition of job packages running in multi-stage systems using the branch and bound method. Research has been carried out on various ways to form package execution orders tasks in multi-stage systems (heuristic rules for ordering packages tasks in the sequence of …


The Interaction Of The Cotton Piece With The Piles Of The Scrabble Cotton Drum, Fazliddin Egamberdiev, Ilkhom Abbazov, Oybek Kholmuratov, Rashid Kaldybaev 2023 Jizzakh Polytechnic Institute, Jizzakh city, Republic of Uzbekistan

The Interaction Of The Cotton Piece With The Piles Of The Scrabble Cotton Drum, Fazliddin Egamberdiev, Ilkhom Abbazov, Oybek Kholmuratov, Rashid Kaldybaev

Technical science and innovation

This article presents the results of an analytical study of the process of loosening and cleaning raw cotton from small debris by pileging working bodies of purifiers, on the basis of which directions for further research were chosen to optimize the parameters of the developed pile drum with spherical piles and rubber strips. Cotton entering production contains impurities. The processes of loosening and cleaning the fiber shreds are key in the initial stages of ginning, as they prepare the raw cotton for ginning and directly affect the reliability, productivity of these processes and the quality of the resulting fiber. Weed …


An Experimental Investigation Of The New Vibration Viscometer, Jamshidbek Ulugbek ugli Shamuratov 2023 Tashkent State Technical University, Tashkent city, Republic of Uzbekistan

An Experimental Investigation Of The New Vibration Viscometer, Jamshidbek Ulugbek Ugli Shamuratov

Technical science and innovation

The characteristics of the new oscillating-plate viscometer have been investigated experimentally. The results obtained are as follows: the resonant frequency of plate oscillation decreases with increasing viscosity; the apparatus constant 𝐾 determined experimentally includes the end and slip effects; the dimensions of the plate should be determined by referring to empirical relations between 𝜌𝜇 and Λ(≡{(𝐸𝑎𝐸)−1}𝑛) for various dimensions of the plate; where 𝜌 is the density, 𝜇 is the viscosity; 𝐸𝑎 the resonant amplitude of plate in the air; E the amplitude of plate in a liquid, and 𝑛 a constant. If the distance between the plate and the …


Classification Of Oil Products According To The Nomenclature Of Goods, Kurbankul Mavlankulovych Karimkulov Profesor, Azoda Abdurahmanova 2023 Customs Institutem, Tashkent State Technical University, Tashkent city, Republic of Uzbekistan

Classification Of Oil Products According To The Nomenclature Of Goods, Kurbankul Mavlankulovych Karimkulov Profesor, Azoda Abdurahmanova

Technical science and innovation

The article analyzes types of vegetable oils. Simple methods of determining their quality using liquid gas chromatography have been developed. Recommendations for improving the classification of foreign economic activity based on commodity nomenclature were developed and recommended for customs operations. “Fats and oils of animal, vegetable or microbiological origin and products of their breakdown; prepared edible fats; waxes of animal or vegetable origin” was called. Animal fats, including pork, beef, sheep, goat, fish and oils of animals such as marine mammals are classified according to the Nomenclature of Foreign Economic Activities of the Republic of Uzbekistan in commodity headings 1501-1506 …


Study On The Environmental Durability Of Heavy Metal Contaminated Soil Remediated By Enzyme Induced Carbonate Precipitation, Han-liang BIAN, Pei-rui JI, Jun-ling WANG, Xu-gang ZHANG, Xiang-chun XU 2023 School of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Henan University, Kaifeng, Henan 475004, China; Kaifeng Technology Research Center of Engineering on Soil Modification and Restoration, Henan University, Kaifeng, Henan 475004, China

Study On The Environmental Durability Of Heavy Metal Contaminated Soil Remediated By Enzyme Induced Carbonate Precipitation, Han-Liang Bian, Pei-Rui Ji, Jun-Ling Wang, Xu-Gang Zhang, Xiang-Chun Xu

Rock and Soil Mechanics

To explore the environmental durability of heavy metal contaminated soil remediated by enzyme induced carbonate precipitation (EICP) technology, acid soaking, freeze-thaw tests, and rainfall tests were carried out on the zinc and lead contaminated soil after EICP remediation, respectively. The durability and influence of the zinc and lead contaminated soil remediated by EICP technique under different environmental conditions and the corresponding influence regularity were discussed in this paper. The results showed that under different concentrations and types of acid solutions, the leaching amount of heavy metal ions in exchangeable and carbonate bound forms in the zinc and lead contaminated soil …


Experimental Study On Rock Joint Permeability Evolution During Plugging Process By Microbially Induced Calcite Precipitation, Wei-min XIAO, Xin LIN, Jian-min ZHONG, Shuang LI, Zhan-yuan ZHU 2023 School of Civil Engineering, Sichuan Agricultural University, Dujiangyan, Sichuan 611830, China; Sichuan Higher Education Engineering Research Center for Disaster Prevention and Mitigation of Village Construction, Sichuan Agricultural University, Dujiangyan, Sichuan 611830, China

Experimental Study On Rock Joint Permeability Evolution During Plugging Process By Microbially Induced Calcite Precipitation, Wei-Min Xiao, Xin Lin, Jian-Min Zhong, Shuang Li, Zhan-Yuan Zhu

Rock and Soil Mechanics

Microbially induced calcite precipitation (MICP) has been widely applied for soil reinforcement, but its applications in rock mass permeability reduction have been rarely reported. To explore the plugging mechanism of rock joints using MICP, artificial rock joint specimens made of transparent resin were prepared, and laboratory MICP plugging experiments under six various conditions considering MICP reaction influence factors were performed. Through the plugging experiments, evolution laws of rock joint transmissivity and hydraulic aperture, accompanied with corresponding CaCO3 distribution images, during plugging processes were obtained. The experimental results showed that the hydraulic aperture of rock joint approximately decreases linearly with grouting …


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