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How The Level Of Job Complexity Impacts The Gender Wage Gap Across Occupations, Zytlaly Magaña Corona 2021 California State University – San Bernardino

How The Level Of Job Complexity Impacts The Gender Wage Gap Across Occupations, Zytlaly Magaña Corona

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

The present study focused on unpacking the social and structural aspects of job complexity to better understand its effects on the gender wage gap. Previous research on the job complexity-compensation dynamic has primarily focused on cognitive complexity. Job complexity across occupations were examined using work activity data from O*NET and merging it with the Current Population Survey data sponsored by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (N=67,003). Results revealed that higher complexity jobs in this study yielded greater wage disparities across different occupations as predicted. Furthermore, physical activities and gaining knowledge from the Generalized Work Activities ...


Her Picture Is Worth A Thousand Words: An Investigation Into The Relationship Between Resume Photos And Perceived Morality, Hannah Daab 2021 Murray State University

Her Picture Is Worth A Thousand Words: An Investigation Into The Relationship Between Resume Photos And Perceived Morality, Hannah Daab

Honors College Theses

It was once believed that a woman’s physical appearance benefited her in many aspects of life, including her career. Following the progression of the #MeToo movement, society has seen beauty become a liability for women in the workplace. This investigation dives into this phenomenon and redirects the focus to an earlier point in the timeline of a female’s professional career: the hiring process. Specifically, this paper begins to uncover an answer to the long- standing question of whether or not a woman should include a photo of herself on her resumé or CV. Across two quantitative studies, I ...


Lifting Labor’S Voice: A Principled Path Toward Greater Worker Voice And Power Within American Corporate Governance, Leo E. Strine Jr., Aneil Kovvali, Oluwatomi O. Williams 2021 University of Pennsylvania

Lifting Labor’S Voice: A Principled Path Toward Greater Worker Voice And Power Within American Corporate Governance, Leo E. Strine Jr., Aneil Kovvali, Oluwatomi O. Williams

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

In view of the decline in gain sharing by corporations with American workers over the last forty years, advocates for American workers have expressed growing interest in allowing workers to elect representatives to corporate boards. Board level representation rights have gained appeal because they are a highly visible part of codetermination regimes that operate in several successful European economies, including Germany’s, in which workers have fared better.

But board-level representation is just one part of the comprehensive codetermination regulatory strategy as it is practiced abroad. Without a coherent supporting framework that includes representation from the ground up, as is ...


A Public Option For Employer Health Plans, Allison K. Hoffman, Howell E. Jackson, Amy Monahan 2021 University of Pennsylvania Carey Law School

A Public Option For Employer Health Plans, Allison K. Hoffman, Howell E. Jackson, Amy Monahan

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

Following the 2020 presidential election, health care reform discussions have centered on two competing proposals: Medicare for All and an individual public option (“Medicare for all who want it”). Interestingly, these two proposals take starkly different approaches to employer-provided health coverage, long the bedrock of the U.S. health care system and the stumbling block to many prior reform efforts. Medicare for All abolishes employer-provided coverage, while an individual public option leaves it untouched.

This Article proposes a novel solution that finds a middle ground between these two extremes: an employer public option. In contrast to the more familiar public ...


Non-Profit Organizations And Ceo Job Satisfaction, Dana Awad 2021 University of Windsor

Non-Profit Organizations And Ceo Job Satisfaction, Dana Awad

Major Papers

This major research paper will examine the relationship between the job satisfaction of non-profit organization Chief Executives (CEOs) and characteristics of individual demographics, compensation, and organizational culture. The main purpose of this study is to examine the techniques in improvement of the productivity of the employee by investigating the factors that would lead to job satisfaction. Using data from the 2016 BoardSource governance survey that resulted in the 2017 Leadership with Intent report, this study reports on data collected from the survey of 1,759 CEOs. Using correlational and regression analyses, five hypotheses are examined related to CEO gender and ...


Factors That Influence Nonprofit Sector Employees’ Motivation: A Case Study From Egypt, Nada Shaaban Miry 2021 American University in Cairo

Factors That Influence Nonprofit Sector Employees’ Motivation: A Case Study From Egypt, Nada Shaaban Miry

Theses and Dissertations

The issue of employee motivation received much attention in the last few decades. That attention came from its significant practical and theoretical role in the field of management. To understand how motivation influences employees’ behavior, we have to know that every employee is motivated differently based on their preferences and characteristics. Therefore, it is essential to discover individual motivation factors for each employee. This study examines the factors that stimulate employees’ motivation and explain how to use those motivational factors to improve employees’ performance and engagement. It focuses on three non-profit organizations in Egypt and provides empirical evidence of the ...


Temporary Termination: A Layoff Law Blueprint For The Covid Era, Rachel Arnow-Richman 2021 Levin College of Law, University of Florida

Temporary Termination: A Layoff Law Blueprint For The Covid Era, Rachel Arnow-Richman

Washington University Journal of Law & Policy

The COVID-19 pandemic led to Congress’ passage of two groundbreaking pieces of legislation, mitigating the financial toll on individuals unable to work due to the pandemic. The protections include: paid sick time, job protected leave for routine childcare, and expanded unemployment benefits. The current worker protection system affords insufficient rights in the event of an economic termination. The accommodations arising from the COVID-19 pandemic have long been demanded and could pave the way for enduring employment reform. This Article encourages the recognition of “temporary termination” for employees terminated for economic reasons. Arnow-Richman advocates for the following “temporary termination” rights: advance ...


Ua3/1/1 President's Office-Cherry Reports, WKU Archives 2021 Western Kentucky University

Ua3/1/1 President's Office-Cherry Reports, Wku Archives

WKU Archives Collection Inventories

Reports made by Henry Cherry to the Board of Regents and departmental reports made to Henry Cherry.


Toward Racial Equality: The Most Important Things The Business Community Can Do, Leo E. Strine Jr. 2020 University of Pennsylvania

Toward Racial Equality: The Most Important Things The Business Community Can Do, Leo E. Strine Jr.

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

In this address, former Chief Justice Strine kicked-off an important series, the Conference on Racial Equity in Corporate Governance, co-sponsored by the Millstein Center for Global Markets and Corporate Governance, Columbia Law School; the Institute for Law & Economics, University of Pennsylvania; the Rock Center for Corporate Governance, Stanford University; and the Stanford Center for Racial Justice, Stanford Law School.

The address explains the importance of institutional investors and corporations contributing to ending the persistent inequality suffered by black Americans. And it focuses on the reality that we would have made huge strides toward closing the race gap if our corporate governance and political systems ...


Organizational Intentions Versus Leadership Impact: The Flexible Work Experience, Susan R. Vroman 2020 Bentley University

Organizational Intentions Versus Leadership Impact: The Flexible Work Experience, Susan R. Vroman

The Journal of Values-Based Leadership

Working mothers with dependent aged children currently represent a significant portion of the workforce. In order to attract and retain this valuable demographic, employers are introducing and maintaining flexible work arrangements (FWA) to enable employees to manage their work and life commitments. However, having an FWA program and effectively supporting it are not synonymous, and this bears impact on employees. This article highlights opportunities and implications for FWA management based on findings from a recent New England healthcare organization case study which illustrates how working mothers experience enacted flexible work arrangement policies. This article identifies methods for organizations and managers ...


Your Home: The Workplace Of The Future, Lewis Larson 2020 Brigham Young University

Your Home: The Workplace Of The Future, Lewis Larson

Marriott Student Review

With more technology at our fingertips than ever before, remote working seems to be the direction many businesses are heading. In this article, Lewis Larson discusses how offering remote working opportunities is one way that business managers can boost productivity in their company.


Effects Of Incentives On College Student's Performance, Julia E. Koller 2020 Gettysburg College

Effects Of Incentives On College Student's Performance, Julia E. Koller

Student Publications

Pay for performance embodies a theory that the more an employee is paid for their work, the more productive they will be. Using an online survey, this paper studies the effect of incentives on college students, specifically, if college students react differently to incentives than employees and to what degree college students can be motivated to increase their performance on assignments. Participants in the bonus contract were awarded one extra piece of candy for each correct answer. Those in the penalty contract are given the maximum ten pieces of candy before the quiz begins, and with every incorrect answer, one ...


Ua3/10/2 Summer Schedule, WKU President's Office - Caboni 2020 Western Kentucky University

Ua3/10/2 Summer Schedule, Wku President's Office - Caboni

WKU Archives Records

Email from WKU president Timothy Caboni to faculty & staff.


Payday, Yonathan A. Arbel 2020 University of Alabama School of Law

Payday, Yonathan A. Arbel

Washington University Law Review

Legislation lags behind technology all too often. While trillions of dollars are exchanged in online transactions—safely, cheaply, and instantaneously—workers still must wait two weeks to a month to receive payments from their employers. In the modern economy, workers are effectively lending money to their employers, as they wait for earned wages to be paid.

The same worker who taps a credit card to pay for groceries in semiautomated checkout lines depends on dated payroll systems that only transfer payments on a “payday.” Workers, especially those living paycheck-to-paycheck, are hard-pressed to meet their daily needs and turn to expensive ...


A Looming Pilot Shortage: It Is Time To Revisit Regulations, Christopher L. Caraway 2020 U. S. Army

A Looming Pilot Shortage: It Is Time To Revisit Regulations, Christopher L. Caraway

International Journal of Aviation, Aeronautics, and Aerospace

Forecasts predict we will need 790,000 pilots by 2037. This prediction means airlines will need to increase pilot levels by 267%. Finding a solution to this pilot shortage requires the aviation community to address limiting regulatory and other core factors. Many have claimed that 1,500-hour rule and mandatory retirements are critical issues contributing to the pilot shortage. However, the data does not support these claims. Instead, trends in pilot population levels and safety records indicate these regulations are only effecting the demographics of the current pilot population. The shift in the pilot population will harm future airline operations ...


Illuminating Pay Secrecy: Construct Clarification And An Exploration Of Effects Via The Incentive And Sorting Tracks, Sarah Holtzen 2019 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Illuminating Pay Secrecy: Construct Clarification And An Exploration Of Effects Via The Incentive And Sorting Tracks, Sarah Holtzen

Theses and Dissertations

Pay secrecy is a burgeoning debate in compensation research. On one side of the debate, it is argued that pay secrecy is a useful and beneficial practice because it can prevent potential dissatisfaction and destructive competition possible when people make unfavorable pay comparisons. On the other side, it is argued that pay secrecy is undesirable because it obscures the motivational properties of pay and does not prevent people from making pay comparisons, nor safeguard them from the resulting dissatisfaction. Despite the popularity of pay secrecy in organizations today, extant research has failed to provide any definitive answers as to whether ...


An Autoethnographic Report On Freelance Employment In The Malaysian Oil And Gas Industry During Uncertain Economic Conditions, Fathullah Akmal Khalid, Wai Meng Chan, Azlina Abdul Jalil 2019 University of Malaya

An Autoethnographic Report On Freelance Employment In The Malaysian Oil And Gas Industry During Uncertain Economic Conditions, Fathullah Akmal Khalid, Wai Meng Chan, Azlina Abdul Jalil

The Qualitative Report

In this paper we present our study of the role of freelancers in the modern labour market, especially during times of economic downturns. Using an autoethnographic research approach, it presents the personal journey of Fathullah working as a consultant in the oil and gas industry in Malaysia. The study focuses on the impact of the 2014 oil price crash and his subsequent plight in taking his career forward during times of uncertainty. Based on the autoethnographic account, it explores various aspects of life as a freelancer such as the issues of job security and job satisfaction. Fathullah found that he ...


Determinantes Macroeconómicos En El Incremento Del Salario Mínimo En Colombia Entre Los Años 2001-2017, Tatiana Catherine Vega Ramírez 2019 Universidad de La Salle, Bogotá

Determinantes Macroeconómicos En El Incremento Del Salario Mínimo En Colombia Entre Los Años 2001-2017, Tatiana Catherine Vega Ramírez

Economía

El incremento del salario mínimo en las compañías aseguradoras es importante ya que mediante el aumento anual del salario mínimo, se estima el cálculo del pago de las rentas vitalicias que las aseguradoras deben realizar a sus clientes.

Las rentas vitalicias son una forma de pensión vida-ahorro donde el individuo o beneficiario (Pensionado) acuerda con su aseguradora el pago de una renta periódica hasta su fallecimiento a cambio de una prima única.

El salario se define como todo lo que involucre alguna retribución de servicios, es entonces, no sólo la remuneración ordinaria, fija o variable, sino además todo lo que ...


Effects Of The Dimensions Of Quality Of Work Life On Turnover Intention Of Millennial Employees In The U.S., Julie Lewis 2019 University of Texas at Tyler

Effects Of The Dimensions Of Quality Of Work Life On Turnover Intention Of Millennial Employees In The U.S., Julie Lewis

Human Resource Development Theses and Dissertations

Voluntary employee turnover, or quitting jobs, in the U.S. has been steadily increasing since 2009. This study investigated the relationships among the dimensions of quality of work life (QWL), job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and turnover intention among millennial employees in the U.S. It sought to determine whether statistically significant relationships existed among these variables. The study tested a model of the relationships among the aforementioned constructs using structural equation modeling with the IBM® SPSS® Amos 25.0 (SPSS) software package.

Using maximum likelihood estimation (MLE), 339 respondents drawn from Amazon Mechanical Turk (MTurk) were examined. Results showed that ...


A Human Capital Approach To Pay Disparity, Kay Howell 2019 DePaul University

A Human Capital Approach To Pay Disparity, Kay Howell

College of Business Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


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