Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Modern Art and Architecture Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

552 Full-Text Articles 495 Authors 396,970 Downloads 92 Institutions

All Articles in Modern Art and Architecture

Faceted Search

552 full-text articles. Page 1 of 21.

Miming Modernity: Representations Of Pierrot In Fin-De-Siècle France, Ana Norman 2021 Southern Methodist University

Miming Modernity: Representations Of Pierrot In Fin-De-Siècle France, Ana Norman

Art History Theses and Dissertations

This thesis examines the commedia dell’arte character Pierrot through the lens of gender performance in order to decipher the ways in which he complicates and expands understandings of gender and the normative model of sexuality in fin de siècle France. Beginning with a case study of a chromolithograph by Jules Chéret, the first chapter of this thesis traces the perceived relation between Pierrot and the bohemian artist, and the underlying tensions between the male dominated artistic sphere and increasingly emancipated women. In contrast, Chapter II complicates the dominant impression of Pierrot’s association with the artists of bohemian Montmartre ...


Art And Aids: Viral Strategies For Visibility, Stephen Baylor Pillow 2021 University of Mississippi

Art And Aids: Viral Strategies For Visibility, Stephen Baylor Pillow

Honors Theses

“Art & AIDS: Viral Strategies for Visibility” examines the complex relationships between social stigma, healthcare, homophobia, and mortality, and how these impacted the lives of Western artists and manifested in their works. Most of the art discussed in this thesis was produced during the height of the AIDS crisis (late-1980s to mid-1990s). During this period, gay artists and their allies employed new strategies in their work to inspire activism, and convey intense emotions –– predominantly frustration, grief, and anxiety –– associated with HIV/AIDS. In the U.S., the inaction of the Reagan administration was largely due to widespread homophobia kindled by reinvigorated ...


Artists' Genres: A Brief Introduction To Post-Medieval Western Art, Robert Jensen 2021 University of Kentucky

Artists' Genres: A Brief Introduction To Post-Medieval Western Art, Robert Jensen

Art and Visual Studies Faculty Book Gallery

Artists' Genres is a brief introduction to the history of post-medieval Western art organized by the major genres. The book is designed as a basic textbook for high school- or introductory college-level courses or for individuals simply looking for an interesting guidebook into the art of this period and geographical region.

This is the revised edition of Artists' Genres: A Brief Introduction to Post-Medieval Western Art, which was released in 2018.


Understanding Spaces Of Abandonment Through Virtual Frameworks In Landscape Architecture, Aus Perez 2021 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Understanding Spaces Of Abandonment Through Virtual Frameworks In Landscape Architecture, Aus Perez

Honors Theses, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

In recent years, design professionals have implemented many contemporary landscape architecture projects across the United States. With a primary goal of returning nature to urban environments, contemporary landscape architects and other transdisciplinary partners work diligently to sculpt physical spaces that reflect the human-living experience. However, a leap into the world of video game design could allow landscape architects and urban planners to more freely create virtual social environments to address rising issues of abandonment in today’s urban and rural spaces. Video game mechanics and methodologies can be used extensively in the disciplines of design that value participatory processes, like ...


Archaeology Of The International Space Station, Justin Walsh, Alice Gorman, Wendy Salmond 2021 Chapman University

Archaeology Of The International Space Station, Justin Walsh, Alice Gorman, Wendy Salmond

Art Faculty Data Sets

The explicit goal of the International Space Station Archaeological Project (ISSAP) is to provide an understanding of material culture as a key component of life in space, on par with the research by biomedical and psychological scholars that has been ongoing since the 1960s. We take as our inspiration a phrase first used in the National Academy of Sciences report Human Factors in Long-Duration Spaceflight, which described a crewed spacecraft as “a microsociety in a miniworld” (Lindsley 1972, 23). One of our primary methods is the cataloguing of people and elements of material culture (objects and built spaces) from photographs ...


Shared Idiosyncrasies: Stuart Davis And Giorgio De Chirico, Virginia Melvin 2021 CUNY Hunter College

Shared Idiosyncrasies: Stuart Davis And Giorgio De Chirico, Virginia Melvin

School of Arts & Sciences Theses

Within the scholarship produced on Stuart Davis, the influence of twentieth century European avant-garde artists has been identified as critical to his growth and establishment of an idiosyncratic style. Missing in these studies is the exposure and impact of the Metaphysical paintings of Giorgio de Chirico on works produced by Davis between late 1927 through 1929. The influence of de Chirico’s Metaphysical paintings on Davis becomes evident when comparing stylistic techniques applied by Davis to those pioneered by the Metaphysical artist.


Ivan Puni's Berlin Period: 1920-1924, Elena Kakuriev 2021 CUNY Hunter College

Ivan Puni's Berlin Period: 1920-1924, Elena Kakuriev

School of Arts & Sciences Theses

This thesis is dedicated to the work of the Russian Avant-Garde artist Ivan Albertovich Puni (1892-1956): an artist, a theorist and writer, an organizer of exhibition, a teacher of art, and above all, an innovator. This thesis presents an account of the artist's Berlin period (1920-1924), which has so far lacked scholarly attention.

The thesis begins with a close analysis of Puni's Russian period (1914-1919). In this time span,

Ivan Puni demonstrated his ability to adopt a wide gamut of diverse artistic styles. Puni first elaborated works akin to Cubist constructions. However, starting from 1915, the artist became ...


Gus Solomons Jr.: Analyzing The Dances Of An Early Black Postmodernist, Zsuzsanna Orban 2021 CUNY Hunter College

Gus Solomons Jr.: Analyzing The Dances Of An Early Black Postmodernist, Zsuzsanna Orban

School of Arts & Sciences Theses

Gus Solomons jr. was one of the first Black dancers to participate in the Judson Dance Theater workshops, but was never fully integrated into the white, postmodern dance world. This thesis looks at several of his works which exemplify his use of site-specificity and innovative technologies, including dual-screen video dances.


Bernice Lee Bing’S Art And Spiritual Practice, Lin Ma 2021 CUNY Hunter College

Bernice Lee Bing’S Art And Spiritual Practice, Lin Ma

School of Arts & Sciences Theses

Living and working in northern California between the late 1950s and 1990s, abstract painter Bernice Lee Bing practiced Zen, Nichiren, and Nyingma Buddhism. This thesis studies what the visual and conceptual impact of these spiritual practices had on her abstract and visionary paintings.


The Last Prisoners Of War: How Nazi-Looted Art Is Displayed In U.S. Museums, Monica May Thompson 2021 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

The Last Prisoners Of War: How Nazi-Looted Art Is Displayed In U.S. Museums, Monica May Thompson

Geifman Prize in Holocaust Studies

How art museums approach NLA is important today because much of the public relies on museums for their education. NLA cases are especially controversial because they are not only legal battles, but ethical ones so museums have to be extra careful approaching them. Even if the museum has won the legal battle the public may not see them as winning the ethical one therefore they might want to avoid displaying this information to the public. However, as we can see with the previous websites, it actually looks worse for museums not to be open and honest about their NLA pieces ...


Oversexualization In Primitivism, Morgan Maureen Fleetwood 2021 Regis University

Oversexualization In Primitivism, Morgan Maureen Fleetwood

Student Publications

This essay examines how Primitivist artwork of the late 1800s and early 1900s by Matisse, Gauguin, and Picasso oversexualized colonized women. White European male artists viewed colonized women as the ‘other’ through a biased racialized and gendered lens. Fatimah Tobing Roby’s theory of Ethnographic Spectacle and Kimberlé Crenshaw’s theory of intersectionality are evident in these Primitivist works. Through a deeply rooted colonial mindset, European male artists exploited the image of colonized women because they are considered outside of history and unevolved. Colonized women experienced this unfair treatment due to their unique intersectional position of gender and race, as ...


Moorish Revival Synagogue Architecture: Community And Style, Past And Present, Emily S. Jelen 2020 Binghamton University

Moorish Revival Synagogue Architecture: Community And Style, Past And Present, Emily S. Jelen

Alpenglow: Binghamton University Undergraduate Journal of Research and Creative Activity

The Moorish architectural style, originating in medieval Spain, was revived in the mid-nineteenth century. It became strongly linked with synagogues, first in Germany and then throughout the Western world. My research analyzes why the architects and Jewish communities were so attracted to the Moorish Revival style. During this period, European Jewish communities were tasked with constructing synagogues that could showcase their newfound freedoms as well as their history, culture and aspirations. Many argue that this style was chosen to demonstrate the connection between the communities and their ancient Middle Eastern history.


Norman Lewis: Linearity, Politics, And Pedagogy In His Abstract Expressionism, 1946–1964, Andrianna T. Campbell-LaFleur 2020 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Norman Lewis: Linearity, Politics, And Pedagogy In His Abstract Expressionism, 1946–1964, Andrianna T. Campbell-Lafleur

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This dissertation focuses on Norman Lewis’s studio practice between the years 1946-1964 in particular his associations with the painters Romare Bearden, Robert Motherwell, Ad Reinhardt, and David Smith. Lewis’s influence extended far into the twenty-first century. As told by numerous contemporary art practitioners—Firelei Baez, Mark Bradford, David Kennedy Cutler, Charles Gaines, Rashid Johnson, Julie Mehretu, RJ Messineo, and Jack Whitten—Lewis was the mentor, friend, father and grandfather figure of an innovative black artist working with abstraction. In Chapter 1: An Integrative Line of Becoming, I trace Lewis’s change from Social Realism in the 1930s to ...


The Modes Of Intervention In Alvin Lucier’S I Am Sitting In A Room, Daniel Fox 2020 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

The Modes Of Intervention In Alvin Lucier’S I Am Sitting In A Room, Daniel Fox

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Alvin Lucier’s I am sitting in a room (1969) is an icon of experimental music and sound art. The sizable literature addressing the aesthetic and philosophical implications of this piece rarely discusses the performance practice beyond what is indicated in the score itself. This is problematic for two reasons: 1) The meaning that is derived from the piece often hinges not just on what sounds are obtained, but on how they are obtained. 2) Over the past 50 years, changes in the performance practice have altered what constitutes the work: magnetic tape was used until 2000 when it was ...


Talk This Way: A Look At The Historical Conversation Between Hip-Hop And Christianity, Joshua Swanson 2020 East Tennessee State University

Talk This Way: A Look At The Historical Conversation Between Hip-Hop And Christianity, Joshua Swanson

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Christianity and Hip-Hop culture are often said to be at odds with one another. One is said to promote a lifestyle of righteousness and love, while the other is said to promote drugs, violence, and pride. As a result, the public has portrayed these two institutions as conflicting with no willingness to resolve their perceived differences. This paper will argue that there has always been a healthy conversation between Hip-Hop and Christianity since Hip-Hop’s inception. Using sources like Hip-Hop lyrics, theologians, historians, autobiographies, sermons, and articles that range from Ma$e to Tipper Gore, this paper will look at ...


Dada Unshelved: Dada Publications From Library To Museum, 1936-1978, Kathryn M. Floyd 2020 Auburn University

Dada Unshelved: Dada Publications From Library To Museum, 1936-1978, Kathryn M. Floyd

Dada/Surrealism

No abstract provided.


Notes On Contributors, 2020 University of Iowa

Notes On Contributors

Dada/Surrealism

No abstract provided.


Dada Futures: Introduction, Jennifer A. Buckley, Joyce Tsai, Timothy Shipe 2020 University of Iowa

Dada Futures: Introduction, Jennifer A. Buckley, Joyce Tsai, Timothy Shipe

Dada/Surrealism

No abstract provided.


Can A Virgin Microbe Have A History?: The Poisonous Gift Of Dada, Jed Rasula 2020 University of Georgia

Can A Virgin Microbe Have A History?: The Poisonous Gift Of Dada, Jed Rasula

Dada/Surrealism

No abstract provided.


The Dada Text And The Landscape Of War, Timothy O. Benson 2020 Los Angeles County Museum of Art

The Dada Text And The Landscape Of War, Timothy O. Benson

Dada/Surrealism

No abstract provided.


Digital Commons powered by bepress