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No Human Right To Sodomy: Christian Conservative Opposition To Sogi Human Rights, Cynthia Burack 2017 Ohio State University - Main Campus

No Human Right To Sodomy: Christian Conservative Opposition To Sogi Human Rights, Cynthia Burack

The Social Practice of Human Rights: Charting the Frontiers of Research and Advocacy

The American Christian conservative movement is the most consistent and persistent adversary of sexual orientation and gender identity (SOGI) civil rights in the US. In recent years, the Christian right has responded to changes in attitudes to same-sex sexuality in the US by relocating some of their attention and operations to issues and arenas of contest outside the US that hold more promise for implacable antagonism to rights and recognition for LGBTQ people. In some parts of the world, these US-based anti-LGBTQ actors have become recognized as “experts” on gender and sexual minorities and the dire consequences the existence of ...


We Just Need To Pee: Bathroom Bills And The Intersection Of Human Rights, Gender, And Race, Lena Tenney 2017 Ohio State University - Main Campus

We Just Need To Pee: Bathroom Bills And The Intersection Of Human Rights, Gender, And Race, Lena Tenney

The Social Practice of Human Rights: Charting the Frontiers of Research and Advocacy

Although rarely publicly discussed, bathrooms are a fundamental element of everyday life. In fact, the majority of the population does not question their right or ability to access public restroom facilities because they are a mundane aspect of daily routine. However, the recent rise of “bathroom bills” in state legislatures has sparked significant media coverage and highlighted activist movements seeking to guarantee safe, affirming, and legally protected access to bathrooms for people of all gender identities and expressions.

This paper will illustrate that bathroom access is not only a matter of public policy, but also a question of human rights ...


Homophobia, Human Rights And Diplomacy, Douglas Janoff 2017 Carleton University

Homophobia, Human Rights And Diplomacy, Douglas Janoff

The Social Practice of Human Rights: Charting the Frontiers of Research and Advocacy

Multilateral human rights diplomacy is a product of the triad relationship between intergovernmental organizations (IGOs), civil society organizations (CSOs), and states. This paper examines the emergence of LGBT rights within the context of the UN human rights system. Recently, the global debates around LGBT rights have become much more public and increasingly complex: Ministers, leaders, and even the UN Secretary-General routinely call on states to do more to protect sexual minorities. Countries such as Uganda and Russia are labeled “homophobic” — not just by human rights activists, but by other states. These “accusations” are delivered both bilaterally and in multilateral forums ...


Photo Essays: Wms 421, Julia DeGroff 2017 The College at Brockport: State University of New York

Photo Essays: Wms 421, Julia Degroff

Dissenting Voices

Two photo essays document some of the gender-inspired activism of undergraduate Women and Gender Studies majors as an extension of their Women and Gender Studies Senior Seminar at The College at Brockport.


Double Standards In Everyday Life: Book Reviews, becky luxon 2017 The College at Brockport: State University of New York

Double Standards In Everyday Life: Book Reviews, Becky Luxon

Dissenting Voices

Review of two books by Jessica Valenti: Sex Object: A Memoir (2016), and He’s a Stud, She’s a Slut and 49 Other Double Standards Every Woman Should Know (2008).


Sexual Objectification Of Female Bodies In Beauty Pageants, Pornography, And Media, Kelsey Wright 2017 The College at Brockport

Sexual Objectification Of Female Bodies In Beauty Pageants, Pornography, And Media, Kelsey Wright

Dissenting Voices

Have you ever watched a beauty pageant contest? What about mainstream pornography? These two capitalistic industries continue to enforce the misogynistic view that the female body is to be consumed by the male population. I argue that the societal standards we commonly consider to be the norm affect female embodiment and what it means to be a woman in contemporary society. Beauty standards, gender roles, sexualization, objectification, and the male gaze all point towards this ideology that the female body is to be consumed by men. I argue we need to abandon these societal standards that control female bodies and ...


I Am Not Barbie, And I Do Not Need A Ken, Annette Maldonado 2017 The College at Brockport: State University of New York

I Am Not Barbie, And I Do Not Need A Ken, Annette Maldonado

Dissenting Voices

Throughout history, women have faced unfairness and gender inequality. Women are stereotyped and mistreated every day. Some examples are, women are paid less than men, and women have to cover their bodies in public (if not, it is their fault if something dangerous happens to them). Home is supposed to be a safe haven for women, but what about if the unfairness happens at home by the people we love the most? Mistreatment can come from our parents. As a young woman who was treated differently than my brother, I talk about my experiences and how they have shaped my ...


Oppression Or Opportunity: The Selling Of Mail-Order Brides, Amber Wilk 2017 The College at Brockport: State University of New York

Oppression Or Opportunity: The Selling Of Mail-Order Brides, Amber Wilk

Dissenting Voices

It is the memory of my aunt that inspired my research of mail-order brides. I was curious as to what factors encourage women to leave their families and home to come to another country as a mail-order bride. The international trafficking of mail-order brides is not a new phenomenon, but since the advent of technology the capitalistic industry has exploded. In this paper, I discuss the oppressions and opportunities that the potential mail-order brides have to consider. Since the mail-order bride industry is continuously growing, it needs to be monitored to minimize the violence against women.


Deconstructing The Nuclear Family Through Adoption, Julia DeGroff 2017 The College at Brockport: State University of New York

Deconstructing The Nuclear Family Through Adoption, Julia Degroff

Dissenting Voices

Adoption tends to be described as an alternative form of family, but for a mother or father, family has no restrictions. This paper looks at the ways adoption deconstructs and recreates the idea of family. Existing research across fields of study surrounding family fails to cover specific research on adoption and lacks the research that looks at the ways adoption and other alternative family forms disrupt and distort the biological family unit. The word “family” can be defined in many different ways, and is a specific and individualistic concept. However, within the cultural sphere of family, biogenic families tend to ...


Coming Out In Asian American Culture, Audrey Lai 2017 The College at Brockport

Coming Out In Asian American Culture, Audrey Lai

Dissenting Voices

The purpose of this project is not to speak on the experience of all lesbian Asian Americans, but only the experiences of three lesbian Asian Americans: Sam, Jesse, and Sophie. The experiences of three individuals cannot be applicable to all lesbian-identified Asian Americans as their stories do not provide full understanding of the influential culture sanctions. This essay is merely an attempt to bring the invisible stories of these three women to the forefront, thus allowing the stories to become accessible so others can recognize that identifying as lesbian is not a betrayal of Asian American culture and identity. “Coming ...


The Complexities Of Being A Pro-Choice Catholic: How Religion And Politics Collide, Alise Tallents 2017 The College at Brockport: State University of New York

The Complexities Of Being A Pro-Choice Catholic: How Religion And Politics Collide, Alise Tallents

Dissenting Voices

The separation of church and state has been indicated in the United States Constitution since the ratification of the Bill of Rights in 1791. Ideally, this was intended to ensure that no one religion would receive privilege over another in the political arena, and that citizens have the freedom to practice their own faith without fear of persecution. In contemporary United States, religion has become a powerful influence in modern day politics and the line distinguishing church from state has become hazy. This is especially prevalent in the realm of reproductive rights. The fight for access to reproductive healthcare, such ...


A Face Of Poverty, Melissa Brown 2017 The College at Brockport: State University of New York

A Face Of Poverty, Melissa Brown

Dissenting Voices

The circumstances are different for every individual who lives in poverty. Society foremost believe the information about poverty from people who have not experienced it, as opposed to the people who have. When people in poverty try to defend themselves from societal stereotypes, they are pushed back and told to know their place. It is as if we have zero credibility in our experiences living in poverty. The policies targeting people in poverty do not include us in the decision making. We are told to just get up and walk out of poverty. We are stereotyped and shunned from the ...


A Feminist Perspective On The History Of Women As Witches, Maggie Rosen 2017 The College at Brockport: State University of New York

A Feminist Perspective On The History Of Women As Witches, Maggie Rosen

Dissenting Voices

This paper explores the ways that women have been deemed witches throughout history. Salem, 1692, was a heightened time for witch accusations. The women accused left a mark on history and their identities became the mainstream stereotype of witches seen in media and pop culture. Transgressive women and women in power are called witches in contemporary United States as they were hundreds of years ago. The witch image is used to reinforce gender inequality and marginalize women who push back against our patriarchal society.


Make America Curious Again: Integrating Feminism Into Undergraduate International Relations Studies, Tambria Schroeder 2017 The College at Brockport: State University of New York

Make America Curious Again: Integrating Feminism Into Undergraduate International Relations Studies, Tambria Schroeder

Dissenting Voices

The systems and institutions that exist in our country are strategically designed to maintain patriarchy and privileged masculinity. Complacency of the majority ensures that these structures remain intact. In this paper, I consider the exclusion of feminism and discussions of gender from undergraduate political science and international studies courses, and why it is critical for us to be paying attention to it now perhaps more than ever before. I suggest that this exclusion only helps to ensure that patriarchal dominance continues into the future. We have the potential to change by adopting a more curious mindset.


Note From The Editor, Barbara LeSavoy 2017 The College at Brockport, State University of New York

Note From The Editor, Barbara Lesavoy

Dissenting Voices

Dissenting Voices volume six is the largest volume to date, representing ten authors who write across a wide span of topics important to the Women and Gender Studies discipline.


Our Voices, Melissa Brown, Julia DeGroff, Rachael Fort, Audrey Lai, becky luxon, Annette Maldonado, Maggie Rosen, Tambria Schroeder, Alise Tallents, Amber Wilk, Kelsey Wright 2017 The College at Brockport

Our Voices, Melissa Brown, Julia Degroff, Rachael Fort, Audrey Lai, Becky Luxon, Annette Maldonado, Maggie Rosen, Tambria Schroeder, Alise Tallents, Amber Wilk, Kelsey Wright

Dissenting Voices

Our voices are about rediscovering our curiosity and exposing that capitalism is the tragedy in society that distances women from equality.


Dissenting Voices Volume 6 Issue 1 (Spring 2017) Complete Issue, Women and Gender Studies Senior Seminar at The College at Brockport 2017 The College at Brockport: State University of New York

Dissenting Voices Volume 6 Issue 1 (Spring 2017) Complete Issue, Women And Gender Studies Senior Seminar At The College At Brockport

Dissenting Voices

Dissenting Voices Cover Art

Design by Mel Brown, WMS ’18
Calligraphy by Sara Connor, SOC, WMS ‘16

The cover portrait is a photographic composite of one identity characteristic of each person in the WMS 421 Senior Seminar course. The abstract painting of vivid colors that frames the portrait represents the brilliant minds that have intertwined to create this volume. The use of different colors represents our diverse backgrounds, that when put together, become radiant. The handprint placed on the chest represents our extension to others and prompts readers to join us in the fight for social justice. The knuckles with ...


Queer Theory, Sex Work, And Foucault's Unreason, Brooke M. Beloso 2017 Butler University

Queer Theory, Sex Work, And Foucault's Unreason, Brooke M. Beloso

Scholarship and Professional Work - LAS

During the late nineties, leading voices of the sex worker rights movement began to publicly question queer theory’s virtual silence on the subject of prostitution and sex work. However, this attempt by sex workers to “come out of the closet” into the larger queer theoretical community has thus far failed to bring much attention to sex work as an explicitly queer issue. Refusing the obvious conclusion—that queer theory’s silence on sex work somehow proves its insignificance to this field of inquiry—I trace in Foucault’s oeuvre signs of an alternate (albeit differently) queer genealogy of prostitution ...


A Mixed-Methods Study Of Sexual Assault In Lesbian, Gay, And Bisexual Adults In The U.S., Sasha Nichole Canan 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

A Mixed-Methods Study Of Sexual Assault In Lesbian, Gay, And Bisexual Adults In The U.S., Sasha Nichole Canan

Theses and Dissertations

Background. Previous research finds that (1) lesbian and bisexual (LB) women as well as gay and bisexual (GB) men have higher rates of rape victimization compared to their heterosexual (H) peers and (2) perceived familial support reduces the impact of some of rape’s negative health outcomes in heterosexual victims. However, specific contextual factors regarding rape and assessment of familial support for LGB victims are severely lacking. Also, measurements of sexual assault victimization have yet to be validated in this population.

Methodology. The current study used a mixed-methods design that included two phases of data collection. Phase 1 was a ...


Incorporating Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, And Transgender (Lgbt) Health Concepts Into Nursing Curricula: What Nursing Faculty Should Know, Paul Smith, Julie Fitzwater 2017 Linfield College - Portland Campus

Incorporating Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, And Transgender (Lgbt) Health Concepts Into Nursing Curricula: What Nursing Faculty Should Know, Paul Smith, Julie Fitzwater

Faculty Presentations

The objective of this presentation is to help faculty learn how to effectively teach students about lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) health, health promotion, and health care disparities. Learning outcomes for this session include how to utilize specific tools, strategies, and resources for incorporating essential LGBT content into undergraduate and graduate nursing programs.

  • LEARNING OUTCOME 1: Describe ways to incorporate LGBT content into nursing curricula and discuss the importance of this inclusion;
  • LEARNING OUTCOME 2: Identify resources appropriate for nursing students that may be integrated into nursing curricula;
  • LEARNING OUTCOME 3: Identify specific health disparities that are applicable to ...


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