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Report: Abstracts From The 71st Caddo Conference Held At University Of Central Arkansas, Duncan P. McKinnon 2020 University of Central Arkansas

Report: Abstracts From The 71st Caddo Conference Held At University Of Central Arkansas, Duncan P. Mckinnon

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The 61st Caddo Conference was held on March 21-23, 2019 in the McCastlain Hall Ballroom on the campus of UCA. The Caddo Conference coincided with Arkansas Archeology Month. Funding was provided by UCA Foundation, the Department of Sociology, Criminology, and Anthropology (SCA) at UCA, the Caddo Conference Organization, the Arkansas Archeological Survey, and the Arkansas Archeological Society.

The conference began Friday, March 21st at 9am with several research presentations throughout the day. Twelve presentations and three research posters were presented. Additionally, several book publishers and Caddo artists displayed books and art for sale. There were 45 paid registrants attending the ...


2019 Activities Report, Michael Meeks 2020 Caddo Culture Club

2019 Activities Report, Michael Meeks

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

2019 was an eventful year for our small organization, and for the Caddo Tribe as well. We enjoyed gathering for many events and functions throughout the previous twelve months, but none were more memorable than our trip to the Caddo Mounds State Historic Site near Alto, TX, as many might already know. I want to take this opportunity to thank everyone for their continued support of the Caddo Nation and its members, myself included. Your thoughts, prayers, and support have been heard and received by many and for that I am forever grateful. I offer a special thank you to ...


Ancestral Caddo Fine Ware Vessels From Cahokian Sites In The Mid-Continent, Ca. A.D. 1050-1300, Timothy K. Perttula 2020 Heritage Research Center, Stephen F. Austin State University

Ancestral Caddo Fine Ware Vessels From Cahokian Sites In The Mid-Continent, Ca. A.D. 1050-1300, Timothy K. Perttula

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Ancestral Caddo ceramic vessels and ceramic vessel sherds have been identified from Cahokia and other sites in the U.S. Midwest in contexts dating from ca. A.D. 1050-1300. Archaeological findings from recent work in the East St. Louis Precinct by the Illinois State Archaeological Survey provides a wealth of data on the Mississippian ceramics found there as well as ceramic wares of likely ancestral Caddo manufacture. These Caddo wares comprise less than 0.3 percent of the more than 15,600 vessel batches in the East St. Louis Precinct assemblage, and almost all of them are on local pastes ...


The Oliver Bolton Collection Of Dart And Spear Points From Camp County, Texas, And Other Remarks, Robert L. Turner 2020 Stephen F. Austin State University

The Oliver Bolton Collection Of Dart And Spear Points From Camp County, Texas, And Other Remarks, Robert L. Turner

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

This article analyzes the Bolton Collection of 1384 lithic artifacts, including dart and spear points from the Paleoindian through the Woodland periods. The analysis places the points in the sequence used by Perttula. The points are compared with those from the middle Sabine River basin counties as well as the analysis of the Archaic points of the Cypress Creek drainage basin. In addition, the Archaic and Woodland population density of Camp County based on the proportional frequency of projectile points of known age is compared with that of the middle Sabine River basin counties and the Cypress Basin. Additional comparisons ...


Bone And Shell Tools And Ornament From The Feature 2 Midden Mound At The A. C. Saunders Site (41an19), Anderson County, Texas, Timothy K. Perttula 2020 Heritage Research Center, Stephen F. Austin State University

Bone And Shell Tools And Ornament From The Feature 2 Midden Mound At The A. C. Saunders Site (41an19), Anderson County, Texas, Timothy K. Perttula

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The A. C. Saunders site (41AN19) is an important ancestral Caddo settlement in the upper Neches River basin in Anderson County in East Texas. The site is one of only a few ancestral Caddo sites with mound features in the upper Neches River basin, particularly those that are known to date after ca. A.D. 1400, but this part of the upper Neches River basin, including its many tributaries, such as Caddo Creek just to the south and west, was widely settled by Caddo farmers after that time. These Caddo groups left behind evidence of year-round occupied settlements with house ...


Titus Phase Ceramic Vessel And Elbow Pipe From The Gus Bogan Farm Site (41wd25), Wood County, Texas, Timothy K. Perttula 2020 Heritage Research Center, Stephen F. Austin State University

Titus Phase Ceramic Vessel And Elbow Pipe From The Gus Bogan Farm Site (41wd25), Wood County, Texas, Timothy K. Perttula

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The Gus Bogan Farm site, located 1 mile north of the city of Mineola, Texas, in the upper Sabine River basin, was recorded by University of Texas at Austin (UT) archaeologists in 1935 based on the photographic documentation of ancestral Caddo ceramic vessels and elbow pipe in the Gus T. Bogan, Sr. and Gus T. Bogan, Jr. collections from the site. The Bogan’s were digging a Caddo cemetery there, and loaned a portion of their recovered collections to the University Centennial Exposition for the duration of the exhibit. Analyses of the vessels and pipe in this article are based ...


Archeological Investigations In The Upper Trinity River Basin In Parker County, Texas, Timothy K. Perttula, Karen S. Bruwelheide, Douglas Owsley, Lanie Garmon 2020 Heritage Research Center, Stephen F. Austin State University

Archeological Investigations In The Upper Trinity River Basin In Parker County, Texas, Timothy K. Perttula, Karen S. Bruwelheide, Douglas Owsley, Lanie Garmon

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Homer Norris (1929-2018), a commercial artist by profession and a life-time resident of eastern Parker County, in North-Central Texas, in the South Fork and Clear Fork drainages of the upper Trinity River basin, roamed the landscape from at least 30-50 years ago in search of archeological evidence of Native American use and settlement in the basin. He took and maintained detailed notes, records, and drawings of the sites he found and the artifacts he recovered, as well as pertinent information on the context of finds, including those noted eroding out of stream cut banks and in stream beds of the ...


Cultural Resources Survey Of Antiquities Permit Portions Of The Orion Refurbishment Project In Midland And Mitchell Counties, Texas, Tony Scott 2020 Stephen F. Austin State University

Cultural Resources Survey Of Antiquities Permit Portions Of The Orion Refurbishment Project In Midland And Mitchell Counties, Texas, Tony Scott

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Gray and Pape, Inc., performed an intensive pedestrian cultural resources survey of the Area of Potential Effects of permitted segments of proposed pipeline refurbishment located in Midland and Mitchell Counties, Texas. To date, no federal permitting has been identified for the project. However, approximately 3.2 kilometers (2 miles) of the project area are located on lands owned by the City of Midland and the City of Colorado City, and will be reviewed under the Texas Antiquities Code (Texas Natural Resource Code, Title 9, Chapter 191), Permit number 8677. The area surveyed amounts to approximately 20 hectares (50 acres) of ...


Bedrock And Boulder Mortars, Basins, Slicks, And Cupules In The Southern Southwest, Allen Dart, Chris Reed 2020 Old Pueblo Archaeology Center, Tucson, AZ

Bedrock And Boulder Mortars, Basins, Slicks, And Cupules In The Southern Southwest, Allen Dart, Chris Reed

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

This article describes mortars, basins, slicks, and cupules created in bedrock and boulders in the Southern Southwest, and discusses the distribution and possible functions of these features. It defines the Southern Southwest as the region of the U.S. south of 34 degrees north latitude that includes the Califor­nia portion of the Lower Colorado River valley and southern portions of Arizona and New Mexico, and the portion of western Texas that includes El Paso, Hudspeth, Culber­son, Loving, Winkler, Ward, Reeves, and Jeff Davis counties (roughly the part of Texas from El Paso eastward just past the south­eastern ...


Cultural Resources Monitoring For The San Antonio Water Systems Sewer Line Repair Project, San Antonio, Bexar County, Texas, Chris Matthews, Lindy Martinez 2020 Stephen F. Austin State University

Cultural Resources Monitoring For The San Antonio Water Systems Sewer Line Repair Project, San Antonio, Bexar County, Texas, Chris Matthews, Lindy Martinez

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Raba Kistner, Inc. (RKI) was contracted by K-Friese + Associates (CLIENT), on behalf of San Antonio Water Systems (SAWS) to conduct archaeological monitoring for emergency repairs to a collapsed sewer lateral within West Houston Street in downtown San Antonio, Bexar County, Texas. The project involved the excavation of the area around the collapsed portion of the sewer lateral and the replacement of the damaged line. The project is located within the boundaries of a Catholic Cemetery and is between Milam Square (41BX991), which is a historic cemetery, and an area of the Children’s Hospital of San Antonio where the first ...


Cultural Resources Monitoring Investigations For The San Antonio Water Systems (Saws) Silverhorn Rehabilitation Project San Antonio, Bexar County, Texas, Jason M. Whitaker 2020 Stephen F. Austin State University

Cultural Resources Monitoring Investigations For The San Antonio Water Systems (Saws) Silverhorn Rehabilitation Project San Antonio, Bexar County, Texas, Jason M. Whitaker

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Raba Kistner, Inc. (RKI), was contracted by K Friese + Associates (CLIENT) to conduct cultural resources monitoring investigations for the San Antonio Water Systems (SAWS) Silverhorn Rehabilitation Project in northern San Antonio, Bexar County, Texas. The project involved rehabilitating 3,690 linear feet of existing sewer line within the Silverhorn Golf Club, which is within the Walker Ranch National Register District. The majority of the proposed undertaking was conducted by non-invasive methods (i.e., cured-in-place-pipe (CIPP)); however, point repairs involving excavations were conducted in areas where broken pipe was encountered. Given that the proposed undertaking is located on lands owned by ...


Archaeological Investigations Of Sections Of The San Pedro (41bx337) And Upper Labor (41bx1273) Acequias In San Antonio, Bexar County, Texas, Sarah Wigley 2020 Center for Archeological Research, University of Texas at San Antonio

Archaeological Investigations Of Sections Of The San Pedro (41bx337) And Upper Labor (41bx1273) Acequias In San Antonio, Bexar County, Texas, Sarah Wigley

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

On January 21 and February 19 of 2020, the Center for Archaeological Research (CAR) excavated five exploratory backhoe trenches within two project areas in central San Antonio, Bexar County, Texas. Project Area 1 is located at 209 E. Fredericksburg Road, and Project Area 2 is at 712 W. Laurel Street. CAR was contracted by the VIA Metropolitan Transit Authority (VIAMTA) to conduct an archaeological investigation of the two locations as they planned to use the areas for employee parking lots. Plans called for the areas to be excavated to a total depth of 25.4 cm (10 in.), with 15 ...


An Intensive Cultural Resources Investigation For The Redbud Pump Station Transmission Water Line Project Collin County, Texas, Karen Belvin 2020 Stephen F. Austin State University

An Intensive Cultural Resources Investigation For The Redbud Pump Station Transmission Water Line Project Collin County, Texas, Karen Belvin

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The City of McKinney (City) is proposing to construct and maintain 2.2 kilometers (km; 1.4 miles [mi]) of 42- inch (in) water transmission line for the Redbud Pump Station Transmission Water Line Project (Project) located within the City of McKinney, in west-central Collin County, Texas (Appendix A, Figure 1). On behalf of the City, BGE, Inc. (BGE) conducted an intensive pedestrian survey augmented by shovel testing of the Project. Because the proposed project is being contracted by the City of McKinney, a political subdivision of the state of Texas, the project sponsor is required under the Texas Antiquities ...


Cultural Resources Survey Of The City Of Hutto Transmission And Distribution Pumping Stations Phase I Project, City Of Hutto, Williamson County, Texas, Anne Gibson, Joshua McCormick, Jamie Vandagriff, Kevin Stone 2020 Stephen F. Austin State University

Cultural Resources Survey Of The City Of Hutto Transmission And Distribution Pumping Stations Phase I Project, City Of Hutto, Williamson County, Texas, Anne Gibson, Joshua Mccormick, Jamie Vandagriff, Kevin Stone

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

This report documents the substantive findings and management recommendations of a cultural resource inventory conducted by Integrated Environmental Solutions, LLC (IES) for the City of Hutto (COH) Transmission and Distribution Pumping Stations Phase I Project in the City of Hutto, Williamson County, Texas. As the COH is a political subdivision of the State of Texas, the COH is required to comply with the Antiquities Code of Texas (ACT). The goal of the survey was to locate, identify, and assess any cultural resources, which include standing buildings/structures and archeological sites that could be adversely affected by the proposed development, and ...


Cultural Resources Investigations For The University Of Texas Health Science Center At San Antonio Project, Bexar County, Texas, Sophia Salgado, Laura Clark 2020 Stephen F. Austin State University

Cultural Resources Investigations For The University Of Texas Health Science Center At San Antonio Project, Bexar County, Texas, Sophia Salgado, Laura Clark

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

At the request of TriLeaf Corporation (TriLeaf), SWCA Environmental Consultants (SWCA) conducted a cultural resources investigation for the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio (UTHSCSA) Project (Project) located in Bexar County, Texas. The Project involves the installation of a 432-foot-long (132-meter [m]-long) fiber-optic communication line directly south of Floyd Curl Drive in northwest San Antonio, Texas. The total disturbance of the proposed Project area measures approximately 0.28 acre (0.1 hectare [ha]) in size. The Project area is situated on the grounds of UTHSCSA and located approximately 8.48 miles (13.65 kilometers [km]) from ...


Intensive Cultural Resources Survey Of The Brushy Creek Sewer Line Phase 3 Project In The City Of Ingram, Kerr County, Texas, Christopher M. Shelton 2020 Stephen F. Austin State University

Intensive Cultural Resources Survey Of The Brushy Creek Sewer Line Phase 3 Project In The City Of Ingram, Kerr County, Texas, Christopher M. Shelton

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

On behalf of the City of Ingram, Texas, SWCA Environmental Consultants (SWCA) conducted an intensive cultural resources survey of the proposed Brushy Creek Sewer Line Project (Project) in Kerr County, Texas. The approximately 1-mile-long sewer main extension line is being developed by the City of Ingram, a political subdivision of the State of Texas; therefore, the Project requires compliance with the Antiquities Code of Texas (ACT). In addition, the Project will receive federal funds from the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA); therefore, the work was conducted to comply with requirements of Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act ...


Marine Archaeology Assessment Of The South Terminal Project Orange And Jefferson Counties, Texas, Robert Gearhart 2020 BOB Hydrographics, LLC

Marine Archaeology Assessment Of The South Terminal Project Orange And Jefferson Counties, Texas, Robert Gearhart

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

BOB Hydrographics, LLC (BOB) conducted a marine archaeological assessment in support of the Orange County South Terminal Project. The South Terminal is proposed on an oxbow channel of the Neches River, downstream from Beaumont, to accommodate loading and unloading of ships and barges and an adjacent tank storage facility. Plans for marine portions of the property include construction of two ship docks and one new barge dock. Dredging will remove sediments down to an elevation of -42 feet (ft) Mean Lower Low Water (MLLW) to create ship berths and a turning basin. Planned future expansion would increase the depth of ...


Cultural Resources Survey Of Portions Of The Rio Bravo Lng Pipeline On Port Of Brownsville Lands, Cameron County, Texas, Steve Carpenter, Christina Nielsen, Jessica Ulmer, Mercedes C. Cody, Janaka Greene 2020 SWCA

Cultural Resources Survey Of Portions Of The Rio Bravo Lng Pipeline On Port Of Brownsville Lands, Cameron County, Texas, Steve Carpenter, Christina Nielsen, Jessica Ulmer, Mercedes C. Cody, Janaka Greene

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

On behalf of Ecology and Environment, Inc. (E & E), Rio Grande LNG, LLC, and Rio Bravo Pipeline Company, LLC (RB Pipeline), SWCA Environmental Consultants (SWCA) conducted cultural resources surveys of portions of the Rio Bravo Pipeline on lands owned or controlled by the Port of Brownsville in Cameron County, Texas. Rio Grande LNG, LLC proposes to construct a natural gas liquefaction facility and liquefied natural gas (LNG) export terminal (Terminal) in Cameron County, Texas, along the north embankment of the Brownsville Ship Channel. In concert with the Terminal, RB Pipeline proposes to construct an associated pipeline system (Pipeline System/Project) within Cameron, Willacy, Kenedy, Kleberg, and Jim Wells Counties, Texas to allow for interconnection with a network of existing pipelines that traverse the northern end of Kleberg County and Jim Wells County. The proposed Pipeline System/Project will collect and transport natural gas to the Terminal site. In compliance with the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission and U.S. Army Corps of Engineers permitting requirements and oversight, SWCA conducted cultural resources investigations in compliance with Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA) (54 U.S.C. 306108) and its implementing regulations in 36 Code of Federal Regulations 800. Although the entire Project is subject to compliance with Section 106 of the NHPA, this stand-alone report specifically addresses portions of the alignment that will be located on lands owned by the Port of Brownsville (Port). Since the Port is a political subdivision of the state, investigations were conducted in compliance with the Antiquities Code of Texas (ACT) under ACT Permit No. 8588 administered by the Texas Historical Commission (THC). The data in this report is also presented in Addendum IV (Carpenter et al., 2020) to the final report (Nielsen et al., 2016) of the overall investigations.

The investigations covered 0.58 mile (0.93 kilometers [km]) of proposed pipeline corridor within a 200-foot-wide (60.96-meter [m]-wide) pipeline survey corridor, and 0.31 mile (0.50 km) of proposed access roads within a 50-foot-wide (15.24-m-wide) access roads survey corridor, for a Project Area total of approximately 15.8 acres within Port property. The cultural resources investigations included a background and historical map review, and an intensive pedestrian survey with subsurface testing. The background review identified nine previously conducted archaeological surveys within a 1-mile radius of the Project Area, three of which intersect the current Project Area. The background review identified no previously recorded archaeological sites within the Project Area; however, seven archaeological sites are within a 1-mile radius none of which are immediately adjacent (within 300 feet [91.44 m]) to the Project Area. In addition, a review of historical maps determined that there are no historic-age structures or features mapped within or immediately adjacent to the Project Area.

SWCA archaeologists conducted the cultural resources intensive pedestrian survey on October 22, 2018. The investigation revealed an extensively disturbed setting due to historic & modern development in the area mainly associated with the Port. SWCA archaeologists excavated a total of nine shovel tests within the Project Area all negative for cultural materials. No cultural materials or features or historic-age structures were identified within the Project Area during the field survey.

In accordance with the ACT and Section 106 of the NHPA, SWCA has made a reasonable and good faith effort to identify cultural resources within the Project Area of Potential Effects (APE). No cultural resources were identified within the Project Area during the current investigations. Accordingly, no further investigation is recommended for the assessed sections of the Project Area. The THC concurred with these findings and recommendations on January 14, 2020. No artifacts were recovered; documentation will be curated at the Texas Archeological Research Laboratory of The University of Texas at Austin.


Cultural Resources Survey Of The Proposed Moore Park Athletic Complex, Plano, Collin County, Texas, Brett Lang, Melissa M. Green 2020 Cox McLain Environmental Consulting

Cultural Resources Survey Of The Proposed Moore Park Athletic Complex, Plano, Collin County, Texas, Brett Lang, Melissa M. Green

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

In March 2020, an intensive cultural resources survey of the proposed Moore Park athletic complex in Plano, Collin County, Texas was completed in order to inventory all cultural resources. The project parcel currently lies within an open field at the southwest corner of the intersection of Chaparral Road and Cottonwood Creek. It is bounded by Chaparral Road on the north, Cottonwood Creek to the east, Bright Star Way on the south, and Cloverhaven Way on the west in a densely residential developed area. A North Texas Municipal Water District building is located in the far northwestern corner near Cottonwood Creek ...


Significance Testing Of Archeological Site 41sr242, The Cornelio Alvarez Sr. Site, Starr County, Texas, Stephen M. Carpenter, Christopher W. Ringstaff, Mercedes C. Cody, James T. Abbott, Ken Lawrence, Chris Shelton, Charles D. Frederick, Christina Nielsen 2020 SWCA

Significance Testing Of Archeological Site 41sr242, The Cornelio Alvarez Sr. Site, Starr County, Texas, Stephen M. Carpenter, Christopher W. Ringstaff, Mercedes C. Cody, James T. Abbott, Ken Lawrence, Chris Shelton, Charles D. Frederick, Christina Nielsen

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT), conducted National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) eligibility testing of the Cornelio Alvarez Sr. site (41SR242) as part of the State Loop (SL) 195 project (Project) (CSJ: 3632-01-001) in Starr County, Texas. Subsequent to the field investigations, SWCA Environmental Consultants (SWCA) conducted artifact analysis, reporting, and curation preparation for the multi-component historic and prehistoric site. Investigations were conducted in compliance with Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act (54 United State Code 30601) and the Antiquities Code of Texas (9 Natural Resources Code). The investigations assessed the site’s eligibility for listing on ...


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